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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 26, 1936, Image 1

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<0 · Weather Bureau Forecast >
Generally fair and continued cold to
day and tomorrow; gerftle winds, mostly
north and northwest. Temperatures
Highest, 21, at 4:30 p.m. yesterday; low
est, 9, at 7 a.m. yesterday.
Full report on Page B-2.
OP) Mean· Associated Press·
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.
XT 1 cm XT OO ΚΛ7 Entered as second class matter
riO. Ι,Οΐϋ JNO. ΟΟ,ΡνΙ. post office. Washington. P. C.
————— «& —————
Scorns Taking
on Hypocrisy
2,000 CHEER
Suggests Congress
Forget About
Eleetion Day.
Text of Speech—Page 7.
A1 Smith, idol of Democracy in 1928,
declared last night that he and other
Democrats, who believe as he doe.*,
probably would "take a walk," if the
Democratic National Convention in
Philadelphia renominates Roosevelt
and Garner on a platform indorsing
the New Deal administration.
"My mind," said the former stand
ard bearer of the party, addressing the
American Liberty League dinner at
the Mayflower Hotel, "is now fixed
upon the convention in June in Phila
"The Committee on Resolutions is
about to report and the preamble of
that platform is: 'We, the representa
tives of the Democratic party, in con
vention assembled, heartily indorse
the Democratic administration.'
"What happens to the disciples of
Jefferson and Jackson and Cleveland
«hen that resolution is read out?
"Why for us it is a washout. There
are two things we can do. We can
either take on the mantle of hypocrisy
or we can take a walk, and we will
nrohnhlv do the latter."
Cheered by Crowd.
The former New York Governor
%-as cheered again and again by the
3.000 diners as he took the New Deal
to pieces and found it bad.
He charged that the Roosevelt ad
ministration had tossed the Demo
cratic platform of 1932 overboard and
taken to socialism.
He charged that the Congress had
supinely followed the lead of Presi
dent Roosevelt and had passed law
after law that waa unconstitutional.
He suggested to Congress that it
take its mind off election day—and
"do the right thing, not the expedient
"If the Constitution wins," said
Smith, "we win. Stop there! The
Constitution has already won, but the
news has not yet reached certain
ears," referring to the decisions of the
Supreme Court holding New Deal leg
islation unconstitutional.
Not Candidate for Office.
Smith began his address with a
plain declaration that he was not a
candidate for any office at any time,
at the hands of any party.
"At the outset of my remarks," he
•aid, "let me make one thing perfectly
clear. I am not a candidate for any
office of any party at any time. I
have no ax to grind. There is nothing
personal in what I have to say. I have
no feeling against any man, woman or
child in the United States. I repre
sent no group, no man, and 1 speak for
no man or group. But I do speak for
what I believe is the best Interests
of the American people."
The former standard bearer of the
Democratic party made qo personal
attack on President Roosevelt, unless
his reiteration of the charge that the
Executive had not carried out the
platform on which he was elected and
to which he subscribed "100 per cent"
can be so construed.
Smith said he was born a Democrat
I and expected to die one But he made
It quite plain that unless the Demo
cratic party mended its ways—as rep
resented in the present administration
—he would not be found fighting tor
Its return to power.
Remember· Bryan.
"It's pretty tough for me to go at
tny own party this way," said Smith
near the close of his address. "I know
what Bryan did to our party back in
1896. But to the credit of those who
supported Bryan it must be said that
they had the nerve to put into their
platform what their leader stood for.'
The "Happy Warrior" of other days
drew alternate cheers and laughter
from the huge dinner crowd that lis
tened to him. For weeks his address
had been awaited. That he would
attack the New Deal was fully ex
pected, and the probable effect on the
chances of the re-election of Presi
dent Roosevelt had been weighed.
After the dinner last night, the opln
Two Dallas Men and Pilot Die
When Motor "Conks" as Ship
Panes Over Farm.
%y tht Associated Press.
ITASCA, Tex., January 25.—Three
men were killed today in an airplane
that fell in a dense fog on a farm
β miles southeast of here. The
motor apparently ceased functioning.
The dead: Ralph C. Kirk. Orand
Prairie, Tex., pilot: Albert H. Boren,
Dallas, architect; George W. Carter,
Dallas, salesman.
Marvin Upchuvch. farmer, said he
heard the plane pass over his bouse
shortly before the crash.
He poses for photographers before going Into action.
—Star Staff Photo.
Praise and Ridicule
Br the Atsoclited Près».
Sharp criticism from administra
tion Democrats, but an outpouring of
praise from those critical of its activi
ties, greeted the speech of Alfred E.
Smith before the American Liberty
League lest night.
Here are some of the comments
forthcoming almost as soon as he fin
ished speaking:
Senator Byrnes. Democrat of South
Carolina, who got up from his bed to
comment: "I just want to express my
regret that he can't forget his defeat
at the Chicago convention."
Former Gov. Ely of Massachusetts:
"I don't see how any Democrat can
disagree with him. I don't think
any Democrat who subscribed to the
1932 platform could disagree with him
Λ he put the principles of his party
above its organization."
Senator Thomas Critical.
Senator Thomat, Oklahoma Demo
crat, who attended the dinner: "The
Democrats can afford to hire Ai Smith
to make that speech everywhere. If
he makes this often enough, Roosevelt
is sure to be re-elected."
Fred J. Shoyer, Republican, lawyer
and city treasurer of Philadelphia: "I
can only say that A1 once again has
demonstrated the courage of his con
victions. He is all by himself."
Pierre S. du Pont. "It was perfect."
Chairman Doughton of the House
Ways and Means Committee: "That
was just what he hear from the press
agents of the Republican party every
day. There was not a thing new in :t.
It was what I call a loose harrangu?
from a sour, disappointed has-been."
Chairman McReynolds of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee : "I thought
it was about the worst effort I ever
heard A1 Smith make, and I could see
no reason for a comparison of the
American flag and the Moscow flag.
That's tommyrot."
"Great Patriotic Speech."
Representative Millard, Republican,
of New York: "A very sound Ameri
Representative Martin, Republican,
of Massachusetts: "A great patriotic
speech admirably delivered."
Former Gov. Albert Ritchie of Mary
land: "A great speech."
John J. Raskob, former Democratic
national chairman: "He gave a splen
did definition of democracy."
Heywood Broun, New York news
paper columnist: "A good technical
performance—but otherwise lousy."
I J. V. Norman. Louisville coel lawyer :
! "He is the greatest apostle of the
: common people In America—and he
! deserves to be."
David A. Reed of Pittsburgh, for
mer Republican Senator. "He spoke
1 as a good Democrat and not as a
: turncoat. He was sufficiently restrained
but did not pussyfoot in making his
Judge Charles Dawson of Louisville.
; who held the N. R. A. unconstitution
i al: "A great speech. I wish he'd had
more time."
Senator lewis. Democrat, of Illi
nois: "I felt Gov. Smith expressed
his objections to the program of the
administration just as he has often
before, and was merely consistent in
continuing his opposition to the poli
cies of the administration and Presi
dent Roosevelt."
Robinson to Answer.
Senator Robinson, Democrat, of Ar
kansas. the majority leader, who will
reply next Tuesday night to Smith's
talk, retired Immediately after hear
ing it over the radio and his family
would not disturb him for comment.
Representative Kopplemann. Demo
crat, of Connecticut: "In one part.
Smith tried putting class against
class, which I deny has been done
and, in closing, he set up as Com
munists and Socialists those adminis
tering our Government. That I call
setting class against class, and It bor
ders on a demagoguery."
H. E. Gooch, Lincoln. Nebr., milling
company operator and former pub
lisher of a Democratic newspaper:
"Smith's speech was marvelous—100
per cent."
Representative Marshall, Republi
can, of Ohio: "The meeting itself was
an event in the history of America
and Smith's talk the most straight
forward, human discussion of the
fundamental principles of our Gov
ernment that I have ever heard."
Chairman Ray burn. Democrat, of
Texas, jsf the House Interstate Com
merce Committee: "Oh, pshaw. It
was a rehash of what we've been
hearing for three years."
Senator Connally, Democrat, of
Texas: "He was Introduced as devot
ing his thoughts to underprivileged
children He spent his time talking
about overprivileged men."
Senator Capper, Republican, of
Kansas- "It was a great speech and
showed a lot of courage. My guess is
Smith has a lot of followers in the
Democratic party."
Advertising Record for 1935
Washington Newspapers
Total Volume of Advertising in Washington
* Newspapers During the Past Year
The Evening and Sunday Star 21,837,189
2nd Newspaper 10,104,534
3rd Newspaper 9,136,769
4th Newspaper 8,614,642
5th Newspaper 6,358,339
The Star's linage Increased 1,593,813 lines In 1935 over
1934; the greatest Increase In the volume of business dur
ing the past year of any Washington newspaper, liquor
advertising omitted.
r ' V
Doughton Introduces Bill
Designed to Eliminate
Duplication of Effort.
Préposai Will Permit Unification
of Police and Centraliza
tion of Responsibility.
Proposed consolidation of all inves
tigating and law enforcement agen
cies of the Treasury Department into
the secret service division is proposed
in a bill which Chairman Doughton
of the House Ways and Means Com
mittee has introduced at the request
of the Treasury.
This bill covers 2.944 employes in
five agencies with an approximate an
nual expenditure of nearly $10,000.000.
These five agencies are engaged in
the detection, investigation and prose
cution of offenses against the tax and
currency laws enforced by the Treas
ury Department.
It was Indicated at the Treasury
yesterday that the head of the new
division will be chosen from among
the chiefs of the five units to be
merged. William H. Moran, chief of
the secret service, is due to retire in
March unless granted a presidential
extension. The other chiefs are El
mer L. Irey, chief of the Internal
Revenue Intelligence Unit, who is
widely known for his part in sending
A1 Capone to prison and for his early
invesitgation of the Lnidbergh kid
naping; Harry J. Anslinger, commis
i sioner of narcotics; Dwight Avis of
j the Alcohol Tax Unit and Thomas J.
Gorman of the customs service.
Overlapping of Work.
There is now considerable overlap
ping and duplication of their work,
largely due to the fact that a single
criminal act often Involves a violation
of different laws enforced toy different
1. The Secret Service Di^sion.
whose functions are detection, pre- !
vention and investigation of frauds ;
on the currency, enforcement of the
counterfeiting laws and protection of
the President. This agency has 271
> employee with an annual expenditure
! of $833.640.
2. The Bureau of Narcotics, which
has charge of enforcement of the nar
cotic laws, regulation and control of
traffic in narcotic drugs, with *09 em
ployes, and with the annual expendi
ture of $1.249,470.
3. The Customs Agency Service,
I charged with detection, prevention
and investigation of willful and fraud
ulent violation of the customs law, in
vestigation and prosecution of charges
against officers and employes of the
customs service, with 289 employes
and annual expenditures aggregating
4. The intelligence unit of the Bu
reau of Internal Revenue, whose duty
is detection, prevention and investiga
tion of violations of internal revenue
laws other than those relating to
liquor; Investigation and prosecution
TSee TREASURY7 Page A~12.)
Readers' Guide
Main News Section.
General News—Pages A-l, B-6.
Changing World—A-3.
Washington Wayside—A-9.
Vital Statistics—A-11.
Death Notices—A-l 1.
Lost and Found—A-ll.
Sports Section—Pages B-7 to
Editorial Section.
Editorial Articles—Pages D-l,
Editorials and Editorial Fea
tures—D-2. '
Civic News and Comment—D-4.
Veterans Organizations, Nation
al Guard and Organized Re
Women's Clubs—D-6.
Cross-word Puzzle—D-7.
Society Section.
Society News and Comment—
Pages E-l to E-10.
Well Known Folk—E-3.
Barbara Bell Pattern—E-9.
Feature Section.
News Features—Pages F-l to F-3
and F-6.
John Clagett Proctor's Article on
Old Washington—F-2.
"Those Were the Happy Days,"
by Dick Mansfield—F-2.
Stage and Screen—F-7*
Radio News and Programs—F-9.
Childrén's Page—F-ll.
Highlights of History—F-ll.
Financial and Classified.
Financial News and Comment,
Stock, Bond and Curb Sum
maries—Pages G-l to G-4.
Serial Story—G-5.
Classified Advertising—
Pages G-5 to G-12.
qX>- ■ Ο»' f
'#/* * -
District Will Get 50,000 Words,
Costing $1 Each, in U. S. Guide
Copy Pours in on $2,689,000 Writers'
Project to Describe Nation, but
Editors Dam Floic.
Takes Needed Rest After
Taxing Week of Action.
Crowds Sing Hymn.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, January 25.—King Ed
ward VIII went to his country horn·
to rest for the week end today while
thousands filed past his father's bier.
A blind holder of the Victoria Cross.
Capt. Sir Ernest Beachcroft-Towie.
took a place among the bodyguard
watching over the catafalque in West
minster Hall.
The new King went to his private
residence at Fort Belvedere for mucn
needed rest after a trying week.
The memory of King George was
honored at foot ball games throughout
the country. Audiences stood and sang
"Abide With Me." the late monarch'*
favorite hymn and one which will oe
sung at his funeral Tuesday, and the
national anthem was played.
School Children Participate.
Thousands of school children used
the Saturday holiday to pay homage
to the late King
Among royal arrivals for the funeral
were Prince Rudiger Ernst von Star
hemberg, vice chancellor of Austria,
snd Nicolas Titulescu. foreign minister
of Rumania, who will represent their
Most of the royalty and other dele
gations will arrive Monday, Including
Kings Boris of Bulgaria, Carol of Ru
mania and Leopold of the Belgians.
King Edward will give a private din
ner at Buckingham Palace Monday
night for the foreign delegations.
Workmen were busy erecting stands
and barriers along the route the fu
neral procession will follow Tuesday
from Westminster Hail to Paddington
Station, where the coffin will be pieced
aboard a train for Windsor. Burial
will be in the tomb section of St.
George's Chapel, which was restored
by Queen Victoria.
Seats Sell for (50.
Some windows have been barricaded
against the jostling of crowds. Many
shopkeepers converted their windows
into grandstands and tiers of seats
were sold for as high as (50.
The procession will leave Westmin
ster Hall at 9:45 a.m. (4:45 a.m. E. S.
T.) Tuesday and is expected to reach
Paddington Station at 11:45 a.m.
BERLIN, January 25.—Adolf Hitler
sdvised the British Embassy today
that he intends to participate In
memorial exercises for the late King
Seorge Tuesday In St. Georges
Church here.
By the Associated Press.
A dollar * word Is the rate that
figures out for the 2.500.000-word de- ;
scriptior of the United States that Is j
being done for Harry L. Hopkins by '
a corps of writers who hadn't been ;
able to And jobs.
The description, which will go into
the making of a guide book that will j
tell visitors where to go in the United
States and why. wlH be boiled down to
five o. six volumes.
Only one official knows how much
space each State will get and he won't
tell. State jealousies would be aroused,
he said He did Indicate that those
crammed with historical interest, like
Virginia or with scenic attractions,
like Montana, would receive more than :
they would on a strict population
The most any State will get is 175,
000 word, ana the least 25.000.
There was no objection to publishing j
the feci that the District of Colum- i
bia, the fev square miles of which are
packed with attractions like the White
House and the Capitol, will have up to
50.000 words.
Betveen 250.000 and 275.000 words
are now being written about the Dis- ;
trict, however, and an 80-per-cent bit
of trimming will have to eliminate ;
many a pet phrase or page.
The cop> is flowing in now at the ;
rate of from 2,000.000 to 3,000.000
words b week for the United States
guide. The wordage has been limited
to 2.68J000. Editors are trying to
dam the flow of words with sturdy
black pencils.
The cost of hiring the 5.000 npedy
writers, stenographers, photographers
and miscellaneous workers, and print
ing th·· national guide, was estimated
by officials today at $2,689,000.
Morro Castle Acting Cap
tain, Engineer and Official
Found Guilty.
Bound from Havana to New York
with full passenger list, luxury liner
Morro Castle of Ward Line was
swept by Are off Jersey Coast in
early morning of September S,
1934. Death toll was 124, mostly
passengers trapped in their cabins.
Federal grand jury opened investi
gation September 11. On Decem
ber 4, 1934, Warms and others
were indicted; trial began last
November 12.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, January 25.—An ex
ecutive of the company which owned
the Morro Castle and two officers In
charge when the vessel burned oil the
New Jersey coast, were convicted of
negligence tonight by a Federal Jury.
They were acting Capt. William F.
Warms, Chief Engineer Eben S. Ab
bott, and Henry E. Cabaud, vice presi
dent of the New York & Cuba Mall
Steamship Co.
The conviction carries with it maxi
mum fines of $10,000 each and prison
terms of 10 years. The corporation
also faces a possible fine of >10.000.
Sentence will be lmpoeed Tuesday.
(Picture on Page A-3.J
Outlook for Today Is Fair, With
Probable Maximum of 20
or 25 Degrees.
Another week of low temperatures
was predicted by the Weather Bureau
last night as the forecaster viewed
turbulent conditions surrounding the
Today's outlook was fair with a
probable maximum of 20 or 25 de
grees. There was some likelihood of
lower temperatures If a threatened
overcast develops late In the after
noon. The mercury was expected to
drop to 12 In the early hours this
The snowfall yesterday had little
effect on the temperature. Never ris
ing above 20, the mercury started a
gradual decline after dark.
Two persons were injured here In
falls on Icy streets. They were Em
brey Minnlck, 39, of 308 Ε street,
vho uffered a broken collarbone, and
Silas Hill, 85. colored, 150 Hickman
street southeast, who received abdom
inal Injuries.
Former Attorney General
Was on Way to Luncheon
With Old Friends.
Bt the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, January 25 —George
W. Wiekersham, one-time Attorney
General of the United States and later
chairman of the commission which
recommended continuation of national ,
prohibition, died suddenly today in a
The cab driver, who was taking the
78-year-old attorney on a short ride
to a club luncheon with old friends,
discovered at his destinatoin that his
passenger was dead.
Henry W. Taft, a law partner of
Mr. Wiekersham and a brother of for
mer President Taft, identified the body
of his colleague at a police station.
Mr. Wiekersham was Attorney Gen
eral in the cabinet of President Taft
from 1909 to 1913.
Henry P. Cunningham, the cab
driver, told police Mr. Wiekersham did
not appear ill when he entered the
cab. Cunningham had driven the
(See WICKERSHAM, Page A-5.)
Pilot Dives Through Whirling
Propellers to Survive Crash
By the Associated Press.
HONOLULU, January 25.—A pilot,
who dived through whirling propellers
after two planes collided at night in
midair and was saved when his un
opened 'chute caught on an oil tank
ladder, described his experience to
He is Lieut. Charles E. Fisher of
Asheville, N. C., who with Pvt. Thomas
E. Lanlgan, Richmond, Va., survived
last night's tragedy In which six Army
flyers were killed.
"I was piloting one plane," said
Fisher as he nursed cuts and bruises
in a hospital. "Both motors were wide
open and we were up about 500 feet.
"Suddenly there was a terrific im
pact and I turned to see a mass of
flames toward the rear of the plane.
There was a violent explosion (appar
ently the other plane blowing up).
"My plane nosed downward in a
breatn-taklng dive. The man next to
me dived first. I never saw him again.
"I was unable to climb toward the
tail because of the flames. I stood in
a seat and dived through the propel
lers. which were still whirling. I
don't know how they missed me.
"Subconsciously I erossed my arms
on my chest and waited till I was clear
of the plan·. No sooner bad I pulled
the rip cord of my parachute than it
hit the ladder of a navy oil tank and
jerked back with a tremendous snap.
"The pilot 'chute and main 'chute
dropped to the ground and I crawled
on all fours to the tank. I thought
the entire tank was aflame and feared
it would explode. I never saw so
much fire in all my life."
Said Lanigan:
"We were flying nicely when the
crash came. A terrific explosion of
our plane, which was piloted by Lieut.
William O. Beard, knocked me to the
floor of the cockpit.
"I straightened up to find the cock
pit opening and the Are singed my
eyebrows. I don't know how or where
I dived over the side.
"At once I hit something and was
cut in the face. I think it was the
wreckage of Fisher's plane. I doubled
up and waited until I was clear and
pulled the rip cord of my 'chute.
"The 'chute opened and I descended
rapidly, heading straight for the flam
ing wreckage on the ground. I thought
I was a goner.
"Within ICO feet of the wreckage a
sudden upcurrent of hot air tossed
me upward and the wind carried me
clear. I landed 25 feet from the
A. A. A. Substitute Redraft
Held to Expand Powers
Already Banned.
Bankhead Alone of Senate Com
mittee Contends Measure Will
Be Found Constitutional.
Crop control, cash benefits to
farmers and a tax on processors
were essential features of New Deal
program ι or aid to agriculture.
After some two years of operation
plan fell before legal attacks as
United States Supreme Court ruled
it unconstitutional.
Administration and farm leaders
then agreed on program of sub
sidies operating through existing
soil conservation laws. Doubts of
constitutionality here also tempered
enthusiasm for plan. Senate Com
mittee on Agriculture is considering
proposal; House group will take
it up soon.
Meanwhile. House approved S296
1S5.000 appropriation to settle ex
isting farm-Government contract»
By the Associated Press
Fresh attempts to construct a tem
porary A A. A. replacement program
with subsidies for "economic" use of
land yesterday struck another wall of
bipartisan opposition that forecast
further drastic revisions.
The Jones-Bankhead bill, as modi
fied b. the Agriculture Department
expanded rather than curtailed ques
tioned powers sought for the Secre
tary of Agriculture under the original
It w&i debated at a stormy closed
session of the Senate Agriculture
Committee and so loud was the cry of
"unconsututional" from the lips of
both Democrats and Republicans that
Chairman Smith. Democrat, of South
Caroli.* deferred action until Secre
tary Wallace could appear tomorrow.
He will be asked for legal advice at
to whether the redraft would stanc
up under the Supreme Court's A. A. A
Bankheaa Make· Lene Stand.
Senator Bankhead. Democrat, oi
Alabama, cosponsor of the legislation
appeared to be virtually alone among
committeemen in contending it wai
constitutional and feasible.
As made public by Smith, the new
bill was far from the completely re
vampe' measure that had been pre
The policy declaration was broad
ened to include as one of the aims a
continuous and stable supply of agri
cultural commodities adequate to meet
domestic and foreign consumer re
quirement* "at prices fair to both pro
ducers and consumers."
This change alone was described as
Increasing the constitutional doubts by
Senator Murphy. Democrat, of Iowa,
: member of the all-Democratic sub
committee that reported the new
measur» to the full committee today
rope. Doubling, to vote Aye.
Senator Pope, Democrat, of Idaho
another subcommittee member, said'
"I'm going to vote for the bill, realiz
ing it is of doubtful constitutionality,
but oeLeving it may be held valid ii
soil conservation is held valid."
Another evidence of attempted crop
production control was seen by somt
in a revised section gmn* the Secre
tary of Agriculture virtually unlimited
authority to subsidize tarmers after
taking into consideration "the produc
tivity of the acreage aflected by the
farming practices adopted during the
year with respect to » n.ch such pay
ment is made."
As had been forecast, the new bill
provides that the individual farm-aid
plan would be operative only until
January 1, 1938. Aft?r that grants
would be made "by assistance to and
co-operation with the Slates in State
action calculated to effectuate" the ob
jectives in the statement of policy.
Smith Expects CImt Shave.
"Funds available after December 31.
1937, to carry out the purposes of sec
tion 7 (policy aims>, a new section
reads, "shall be expended in any State
only through grants to such State tor
such purposes pursuant to Federal law
to be enacted, except tot payments in
connection with farming operation:
carried out prior to January 1, 1938,
and administrative expenses in con
nection therewith."
Senator Smith, who termed the
original bill unconstitutional, said there
were certain features ui the new edi
tion which, in his opinion, "sail pretty
(.See FARM7Pâge^A-12.)
Three persons, two men and a
unidentified girl were killed early to
day when the automobile in which
they were riding overturned on the No.
1 Alexandria highway about a quar
ter of a mile from the Highway
William Bridger, 633 East Capitol
street, and the girl were dead on ar
rival at Emergency Hospital shortly
before 3 a.m. The third person,
James Watson, 25, of 1220 I street
died shortly afterward.
An attendant at a nearby gas sta
tion said he saw the car coming to
ward Washington at a "terriffic" rate
oi speed and that it overturned at
a curve near the Southern Oxygen
Co. plant and turned overe several

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