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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 27, 1936, Image 1

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WEATHER. 1
iV. I. Weather Bureau Forecast )
Fair and colder, with lowest tempera- A A ^ . .
ture about zero tonight; tomorrow fair
and continued cold. Temperatures— ^9 ■ H V ■ ■ Bf ■
Highest, 28. at 4 p.m. yesterday; lowest, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
7, at 9:19 ajn. today. ■■■ ■■ ■ 9 9
Full report on page A-4. ^ ^ ^
Closiiif New York Uh P.«. 13 IIH S0HDAT M0R,I,NG ,™ ,43'4M
~ - - ' ' . " ...— .. ..
No. 33,508. ^offlc^.w'ash.ngton"1^1" WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 27, 1936—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** <*> M..n. A..0ci.t*d Pr..., TWO CENTS.
SENATE OVERRIDES BONUS VETO
10400 ETHIOPIANS
REPORTED KILLED
IN ITALIANS’ TRAP
ON SOUTH FRONT
Motorized Fascist Division
Penetrates Into Valley of
Dawa Parma, 43 Miles
Northwest of Neghelli.
SELASSIE ORDERS ARMY
TAKE STAND AT WADARA
Invasion From North Slowed
by Rain—Addis Ababa Expects
Enemy to Be Bogged Down
‘ Several Weeks—Winner in Ma
kale Battle in Doubt.
BACKGROUND
Italian invaders of Ethiopia face
obstacles of difficult terrain and
periodic rainy season; latter suffi
cient to halt military operations.
Long rainy season runs from mid
June to October, but shorter rains
occur in Winter months.
Ill Duce has two armies in Ethi
opia, one in north believed to num
ber 75,000 men. 'while one in south
to under 100,000. Since mid-No
vember, however, northern army
has reported no substantial prog
ress. Past two weeks have brought
reports of major Italian successes
on southern front.
Railroad from Addis Ababa to
Djibouti, seaport, is an objective.
By the Associated Press.
The Italian government announced
today that its . ilitary forces in
Ethiopia had reported the slaying of
10,000 Ethiopians in a series of bat
tles on the southern front.
The Italian Army reported it had
moved as far north as Wadara, 43
miles northwest of Neghelli, the cap
ture of which by Italian forces was
confirmed by Red Cross officials in
Addis Ababa.
The action appeared to be that of
an advance column moving away
from the spearhead rammed into
Ethiopia north from Dolo.
A|OBiini vumnwnaB auviiivc.
The advance was that of a pratly
motorized division commanded by
Gen. Agostini, w'hose movements pre
viously have been only hinted at in
Italian communiques.
Today it was established that he
and his men have penetrated into the
valley of the Dawa Parma in a puni
tive movement paralleling the “hell
on-wheels” column under the com
mand of Gen. Rudolfo Graziani,
which has battled its way 266 miles
into the interior from Dolo, on the
Italian Somaliland border.
Agostini's men, meeting stiff resist
ance, were reported to have led an
Ethiopian counter-attack into a trap,
massacreing thousands of natives
caught in the enfilading fire of ma
chine guns.
Trap Sprung Near Sadei.
The trap was sprung near Sadei
upon an Ethiopian Army under the
command, allegedly, of a Greek sol
dier of fortune, known under his
Ethiopian name of Mussa Sawa.
An Ethiopian Red Cross unit head
ed by Austrian and Polish doctors,
telegraphed to the capital that it
had been bombed twice by Italian
airplanes January 18, near Makale.
The report said three women and
two children, who were being treated
In an ambulance at the time, were in
jured by the bombs.
The message stated that Italian
planes bombed the ambulance in the
morning and again in the afternoon
during a two-hour raid.
"The Italians,” said the message,
"aimed especially at our plainly
marked Red Cross emblems.”
War Divided Into Five Areas.
The operations of the war in
Ethiopia now can be seen to be
divided into five general areas. In
the south, two Italian divisions are
attempting to move northward. One
is headed by Gen. Graziani and the
. . _ ian columns,
under the command of Marshal Pietro
Badogilo, are operating from the north
and northeast. Activities in the
fifth area, leading from the north
in the general direction of Lake Tana,
are unreported.
The three northern Italian forces
are meeting not only stubborn re
sistance, but Winter rains as well.
Ethiopian officials say the attackers
probably will be bogged down for
the next few weeks.
Battle Winner Uncertain.
Still no definite word has emerged
from the battle fronts to substantiate
just who was the victor in last week’s
three-day battle near Makale, in
which thousands of casualties have
been established but in which both
the Italians and the Ethiopians
claimed the upper hand.
An Indication that the Italians
have, at least, held the ground they
gained in the south was seen in a
dispatch from Addis Ababa, saying
that Emperor Halle Selassie now has
ordered his commander in the south,
Ras Desta Demtu, to make a stand
In the mountain passes behind Wa
dara, resuming night attacks on the
Italian communications lines.
17 Miners IJead, 25 Missing.
FUKUOKA, Japan, January 27 C4>).
—Seventeen miners were known to be
dead and 25 missing today after a fire
In a colliery near Fukuoka.*- Forty
four persons were rescued, but the fire
was continuing and further rescues
were believed impossible.
V --
New Reserve Board
HNNHIV" mm s ..> IB ■-JBBBBHBi
ECCLES. SZYMCZAK. BRODERICK.
RANSOM. McKEE. MORRISON.
—A. P. and Star Staff Photos.
I
Eccles and Szynczak Reap
pointed—Foiy Others
Are Nominated.
BY J. RUSSELL YOUNG,
President Roosevelt today named six
: of the seven men who, after Febru
ary 1. are to constitute the Federal Re
serve Board, which was reorganized
under the banking act of 1935.
In the list sent to the Senate were
the names of two present members of
the board, Marriner S. Eccles of Utah,
governor of the present board, and M.
S. Szymczak of Illinois.
Eccles, who will be chairman of the
new board, was nominated for a term
of four years and Szymczak was nomi
nated for a term of 12 years.
The other nominees are Joseph A.
Broderick of New York, 14 years;
Ronald Ransom of Georgia, 6 years;
John McKee of Ohio, 10 years: Ralph
W. Morrison of Texas, 2 years.
The seventh member has not yet
been decided on by the President.
It was said at the White House today
that announcement of this selection
will be forthcoming shortly .
Eccles' Name First.
Eccles was not designated in the
nominations to head the board, but
his name topped the list submitted
by the President, and the Chief
Executive had said previously he would
be the chairman.
After the nominations had been re
ceived by the Senate, the list was
scanned by Senator Glass, Democrat,
of Virginia, who termed it "a pretty
safe board.” Glass, co-author of the
original Federal Reserve act, made
the statement despite his known oppo
sition to Eccles.
Other Democratic Senators praised
the appointments.
Chairman Fletcher said the Bank
ing Committee would meet tomorrow
to begin consideration of the nomina
tions. He described the proposed
make-up as “a very good board, so
far as I can see.”
Borah Non-Committal.
Senator Borah, Republican, of
Idaho did not commit himself on the
nominations, but said "I don’t know
anything detrimental to any of them.”
Salaries of the new board members
are $15,000 each, compared with the
present $12,000.
The new banking act, which re
organized the Federal Reserve System,
dropped the Secretary of the Treasury
and the controller of the currency as
ex-officio members and provided for
seven members instead of six, as at
present.
The appointment of Eccles and
Szymczak had been expected. Eccles
came to Washington in January, 1934.
as assistant to the Secretary of the
Treasury after a notable career in the
West as a banker and industrialist.
In November, 1934, he was appointed
to the Federal Reserve Board and
designated as governor, and has since
served in that capacity. He is 46.
Szymczak was appointed a member
of the board in June, 1933. He was
born in Chicago in 1894 and was edu
cated at St. Mary’s College (Kentucky)
and De Paul University. After serving
as professor of business administration
and economics at De Paul, he entered
business, and at the time of his ap
pointment to the board was city con
troller of Chicago.
Broderick was born in New York
(See RESERVE, Page 2.)
BRUISES LEAD TO PROBE
IN DEATH OF WOMAN
Husband, Former Jockey, Tells
Police Furniture Disarranged
When He Found Bcdy.
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, January 27.—A blackened
eye and discolorations on the throat
of Mrs. Mildred Bosse, 28, found dead
last night, led to a police investigation
today.
She was the wife of Clifford Bosse,
once-prominent race jockey, now the
operator of a Boston cafe.
Bosse reported he found his wife’s
body, partly clad, lying across a bed
when he returned from his cafe. He
said furniture In the bed room had
been disarranged.
A
NEW FARM BILE
STILL IS PUZZLE
Senate Committee Remains
Skeptical After Wallace
Gives Views.
BACKGROUND—
Congressional friends of agricul
ture have been in complete con
fusion since Supreme Court invali
dated New Deal set-up for crop
control and cash benefits of farm
ers. Most discussion for substitute
program nas centered about sug
gestion for subsidy system through
existing soil conservation laws.
Strong doubts on constitutional
grounds caused Republican mem
bers of Senate Committee on Agri
culture to decline to consider pro
posal and have prevented other
committee members from reaching
agreement.
Bt th» Associated Pres*.
Members of the Senate Agriculture
Committee were reported still skep
tical of the administration’s new farm
bill today after Secretary Wallace had
discussed its constitutionality and
practicability at a secret session.
After the meeting. Chairman Smith
said “Secretary Wallace and Chester
Davis, farm administrator, explained
why they believed the bill as now
written is constitutional and practical."
"There is no evidence as far as I
can see of any matured opinion on
those points as to this bill.” Smith
said.
Reed Asked to Appear.
He added that the committee had
invited Solicitor General Stanley Reed
to appear tomorrow, “as he made the j
oral argument before the Supreme i
Court from which came the adverse'
decision on the three A’s."
Senators Schwellenbach, Democrat,
of Washington; Moore, Democrat, of
New Jersey, and Shipstead, Parmer- !
Labor, of Minnesota, joined in saying ■
generally that little progress was made :
at the session.
The House Agriculture Committee
did not meet. Chairman Jones said: !
“We are working on the legislation,
and will consider it further tomorrow.
Heads for White House.
Wallace headed for the White House
after the meeting.
The bill under consideration provides
for amendment of the soil conservation
act to provide a subsidy plan for with
drawing acreage from prdouction, part
of the functions carried on by the old
AAA
A strom arose in the committee on
Saturday when the revised measure
was presented. It provides for con
tinued subsudies to farmers who use
land in an "economic” way.
Powers given to the Secretary of
Agriculture were expanded in the
redraft or the measure. Senator
Murphy, Democrat, of Ioma, made
known that committee members felt
doubts of its constitutionality. Senator
Borach Republican, of Idaho, predict
ed the bill would not pass in its present
form.
Wide Powers Provided.
The bill gives Wallace wide powers
to subsidize farmers after taking into
consideration “the productivity of the
acreage affected by the farming prac
tices adopted during the year with
respect to which such payment is
made.”
It also provides that after January
1, 1938, grants shall be made to the
(See farm, Page 2.)
TWO GET LIFE TERM.
_ a
BOSTON, January 27 <JP).—Two
long-term prisoners, convicted yes
terday of killing a State prison guard,
received life sentences today.
The sentences, imposed on An
tonio Repucci. 26, and Edward Guan
elli, 25, both of Boston, will not be
gin until the prisoners complete 10 to
12 year sentences for robbery.
The prisoners were found guilty of
slaying Walter Doucette, guard, as
he was returning them to State prison
from an appearance in Dedham
Court. They overpowered Doucette
in a taxi cab December 23, took his
keys and pistol, unlocked the hand
cuffs that held them together and
shot Doucette. Both were captured
a weak later.
CHEERING HOUSE
INDORSES ATTACK
ON SMITHS CH
“He Took His Walk in Chi
cago,” Representative
Woodrum Declares.
JACKSON OR JEFFERSON
WOULD FIGHT, HE SAYS
Fish Defends Former Democratic
Nominee—"Feathers Fly Where
Shot Hits,” He Holds.
By the Associated Press.
The Democratic House indorsed an
attack nr. Allred E. Smith today with
a standing ovation, only to hear from
Representative Fish, Republican, of
New York that "where the feathers
fly is where the shot hit."
Representative Woodrum, Democrat,
of Virginia dismissed the threat of
the former New York Governor to
"take a waik" if the Philadelphia
con vent’.on upholds the New Deal in
the worrts: "He took his walk in
Chicago.”
The reference was to Smith’s
abrupt return home from the 1932
convention instead of waiting to hear
Franklin D Roosevelt accept the
presidenfial nomination.
Thp trouble with Democrats, re
joined Fish, "is that they just can't
take criticism.”
uemocrais vppiauu.
Republican members had listened to
Woodrum intently, but quietly. The
Democrats repeatedly applauded, and
stood when he ended.
"Smith says America is being
ruined," Woodrum said, "and what
does he do—takes a walk. Can you
imagine Jackson, Jefferson. Cleveland
or Franklin D. Roosevelt taking a walk
if the country was in danger.”
Protesting he did not want to be
frivolous or personal, Woodrum wanted
to know “when did the sanctity of
Democratic platforms become so lm- j
portant in the eyes of this gentleman?” j
He recalled the 1928 convention at
Houston, when, he said, both parties
were divided over prohibition.
The Democrats, he said, finally
compromised with a law-enforcement
plank. Then he quoted Smith's tele- j
gram to Senator Robinson. Democrat,!
of Arkansas, in which Smith stood firm :
on his belief in prohibition change, j
and said, "I feel it to bf the duty of i
the chosen leader ot the people to
point the way.”
niurs wwii i uiiin.
“He wrote his own prohibition plank 1
and started to run on it.” Woodrum
summarized.
Heckled from the Democratic side,
Fish challenged “any Democrat to
take the floor and deny the specific
charges made, one by one. or fepudi
ation of the Democratic platform.”
He called the Woodrum speech an
"attack and fiasco” and no answer to
the criticism by Smith.
Declaring Smith had “never been
identified with socialism," Fish asked;
“How could Gov. Smith ‘walk out’
on the Democratic party when his own
party had gone socialistic?”
Addressed as “Rubber Stamps."
Addressing the tense legislators as :
“my fellow rubber stamps,” a char
acterization used by Smith, the Vir
ginian proceeded with the first of a
series of counters to the New Yorker’s \
charge that the 1932 platform had i
been betrayed.
“It was a strange gathering,” Wood- 1
rum said, “and I was wondering while |'
the gentleman stood there, his un
equalled ego feeding on the applause
of that gathering; I wonder if l.s
realized that 75 per cent of those who
sat there in 1928 started a certain
well known ‘whispering campaign'.”
Explaining “they were pointing a ■
finger of scorn” at Smith because, ■
among other things, “his table man- '
ners were not just what they might
be in polite society,” he related that
“there they were • • * enjoying his
jibes * •
Cites Election Comment.
Citing the Smith admonition to
Congress “to forget the election” and
his look ahead to the convention with
Roosevelt having the nomination,
Woodrum remarked: !
"At least I’ll say he is a good
prophet.
“A very definite, subtle effort was
made to make it appear to the coun- ,
try that because the Democratic party
had left its platform * * * there was
a great Democratic chieftain who had ,
found it necessary to leave the party.” ‘
"How well we remember Chicago, .
with little Johnny Raskob and Jouett
Shouse and those other little spoiled
boys who couldn’t take it.” !
Re-election of President Roosevelt 1
was considered “more certain than 1
ever” by Speaker Byms. He criticized 1
Smith for failing to assert what he j
would have done had he been Presi
dent
Representative Bankhead of Ala
bama, who heads the party forces in
debate, said Smith's “personal record 1
and official record make him very vul- '
nerable. <
"In the 1928 presidential race and 1
(See SMITH, Page 3.)
WHITE HOUSE SILENT
No Comment Made Publicly on
Smith Speech.
The White House continued its strict
silence today on the American Liberty •
League speech of Alfred E. Smith. *
The desk of Stephen T. Early, a :
secretary to the President was cov- <
ered with telegrams, but he declined <
to make any comment whatever on
the Smith' address or the telegrams. '
It was indicated Mr. Roosevelt would t
have nothing to say. i
Heads of European Powers
Arrive in London for
Rites Tomorrow.
Bv the Associated Press.
LONDON. January 27. — Great
Britain's national pilgrimage past the
bier of King George V rose to a rate
of 10,000 persons an hour at the last
day of the lying-in-state in Westmin
ster Hall today after early morning
scenes in which- mourners protested
an early closing of the chamber doors.
One delegation of mourners marched
to No. 10 Downing street to object be
cause the entrance was closed more
than two hours earlier than had been
announced before being reopened to
admit the ever-swelling crowds from
all quarters.
The protesting marchers, led by a
woman, were not allowed to rouse
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, but
Scotland Yard explained later that
the hall was closed to allow “cleaners
to perform their duties.’
“The office of works, in consulta
tion with police, decided to close the
hall at .7:42 a.m. (10.42 p.m.. Sunday,
E. S. T.) when it was seen that the
last of yesterday’s queue had passed
through,” the explanation said.
“At this time, it was not expected
that another queue would form in
the early hours, and an opportunity
could be taken for cleaners to per
form their duties.”
Long Queue formed.
Within a half hour, however, an
ither queue started forming with 5,
300 persons waiting in line at 6 a.m.
(1 a.m. E. S. T.)
The crowds came from all direc
tions and from all walks of life to
ioin the queue later in the day. de
spite rain. A line, 10 abreast,
stretched more than a mile along the
rhames by midmorning.
The new King Edward VIII mean- !
chile, returned to Buckingham Palace
sfter spending the week end at his
’’ort Belvedere country estate.
At the same time, King Carol of j
Rumania, one of the five visiting j
•Cings for the funeral tomorrow of
he late English sovereign, arrived at
Tsee KING, Page 2 . )
SHANGHAI STUDENTS
RIOT IN PROTEST
Scores Injured in Fight After
Anti-Japanese Orators Are
Arrested.
Jy the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI. January 27.—Martial ;
aw was proclaimed today in the Jess
leld district where student agitation
igainst alleged Japanese aggression in
*orth China precipitated new rioting.
Scores of combatants were injured
iy flying stones and swinging clubs as
i crowd of 1,000 students and hang
irs-on, aroused by the arrest of 19
tudent orators, stormed the Chinese
>olice station on the outskirts of the
ntematlonal settlement, kidnaped the
ommanding officer and manhandled
ithers.
The demonstration was broken up
in the arrival of police reinforcements
vho dispersed the rioters after a vig
irous clash in which sticks, stones and
:lubs were used freely.
The kidnaped officer was rescued.
Police attributed the uprising to
Communist agitators.
rURKEY HOLDS PLOTTERS
PARIS, January 27 <*>).—Havas
lews Agency dispatches from Ankara,
rurkey, yesterday said police had ar
■ested 25 persons charged with "prac
lcing reactionary religious ceremonies"
md plotting against the republic.
The prisoners, including a judge,
vere accused of practicing sorcery and
lelling “magic" charms bearing re*
ictlonary inscriptions.
I
Toothbrush Poison
Blamed in Death
Of "Miss Rumania”
Beautiful Actress’ Toilet
Articles Dipped in Solu
tion, Chemist Says.
B* the Associsted Press.
BUCHAREST. Rumania. January
27.—Bucrarest police said today “Miss
Rumania ” adjudged in a nation-wide
contest ti have been the prettiest girl
in the country and found dead under
mysterious circumstances, may have
been slair with a toothbrush.
The voting woman, Tita Cristescu.
an access in tne Queen Marie
Theater was first believed by author
ities to rave taken her own life, but
after w-eks of inquiry they could find
no wouncis and no traces of common
poisons.
A chemist finally found traces of
a subtle poison in the girl's blood and
police, resuming their investigation
found tne actress’ toothbrush and
other tulet articles had been dipped
in the pwison.
Authorities said, however, that there
was still no apparent solution of the
case.
NEUTRALITY BILL
House Foreign Affairs Unit
Would Permit Embargo
on War Materials.
BACKGROUND—
Law shaping American neutrality
policy was passed hurriedly last j
Summer: expires February 29. \
Law directs President to declare
embargo on shipment of imple- <
mcnts of war to belligerent nations:
was invoked last October against
Italy and Ethiopia.
By the Associated Press.
The House Foreign Affairs Commit- '
tee today approved the administra
tion’s permanent neutrality bill.
The bill, approved by an 11-to-l
committee vote, would impose man
datory embargoes on arms, munitions
and implements of t^ar, give the Presi
dent discretionary power to embargo
shipments of war materials in excess
of normal trade and ban loans and
credits beyond those needed for normal
trade purposes.
The committee, after a bitter battle
led by some Republicans over the ques
tion of making the bill even more man
datory. made only a few clarifying and
perfecting changes.
May Reach House This Week.
Chairman MeReynolds. Democrat,
of Tennessee, said there was a possi
bility the legislation might be brought
to the House floor later in the week, or
next week at the latest.
It is designed to replace the tem
porary neutrality act expiring Febru
ary 29.
After conferring with President
Roosevelt Saturday. MeReynolds said
the President was desirous of obtain
ing congressional approval of the per
manent measure before that expiration
date.
Backers of the legislation in both
House and Senate were confronted
with foes in Congress and outside.
Senator Johnson, Republican, of
California, a spearhead of the oppo
sition, planned to have Edwin Bor
chard, an international law authority
at Yale University, talk before the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Wednesday.
Bitter Opposition Faced.
Outside of Congress, the sponsors
faced bitter opposition from pro
Italian organizations which seek to
block enactment of a law to replace
the temporary one which expires Feb
ruary 29. These groups particularly
resent a change in the neutrality
status of the United States during
the progress of the Italo-Ethiopian
War. They contend Italy will feel
the full force of embargo.
But the State Department was re
ported to feel that this country could
not be expected to shape Its policy
(See NXUraAUTY. Page 2.)
ZERO COLD SEEN
FOR CITY TONIGHT
Light Snow Blown by Gusts
From Northwest—Sand
Crews Busy.
Temperatures
3 a.m_ 24 9 a.m_8
4 am_23 10 a.m.8
5 a.m_19 11 a m_... 8
6 a.m__ 13 12 noon_9
7 a.m__ 11 1 p.m..10
8 a.m_ 9
Another night of zero cold was in
prospect today as bitter gusts out of
the Northwest lashed a city whitened
by an inch of fresh snow.
Last night's snow brought a re
sumption of coasting and skiing in
Rock Creek Park, but proved a han
dicap for the skaters who have been
enjoying fairly smooth ice on the
Lincoln Reflecting Pool since Tnurs
day.
A limited force of park employes to
day was clearing snow from the ice on
the frozen pool, where a few skaters
held forth. Meanwhile, the Potomac
above Washington was again freezing
over from bank to bank.
Fair and Colder.
The forecast is for "fair and colder
tonight with a low of about zero. To
morrow fair and continued cold, except
for a temporary rise of temperatures
during the afternoon.” The Weather
Bureau expects the Northwest wind to
diminish tomorrow.
Since the snow began in Washing
ton shortly after dark last night, the
mercury has dropped steadily from 26
degrees until it stood at 8 degrees
shortly before noon today. The snow
let up early today and Washington
awoke to a clear morning.
Snow Flows Ready.
Snow plows were held in readiness,
but did not go out last night, although
the District's sanding crews have been
working overtime for a week. High
winds attending the icv weather sweep
sand and gravel from the hills almost
as fast as it can be deposited.
The police boat from the harbor
precinct today continued to break
thickening ice in Washington Channel
and Anacostia River.
ENGERT IS NOMINATED
ENVOY TO ETHIOPIA
Names of Harry A. McBride and
Herbert C. Hengstler Also
Sent to Senate.
President Roosevelt today named
Cornelius Van H. Engert of California
as Minister resident and consul gen
eral to Ethiopia. Engert. who is in tnc
career division of the foreing service,
has been acting in this capacity for
nearly a year.
The President also nominated Harry
A. McBride of Michigan and Herbert
C. Hengstler of Ohio to be foreign
service officers of class one, consuls
general and secretaries in the diplo
matic service.
McBride at present is serving as
assistant to the Secretary of State.
Hengstler is chief of the division of
foreign service administration.
—H ■ ——I
Readers’ Guide
Pages.
Amusements .B-12
Comics -B-9
Cross-word Puzzle_B-9
Editorials _ A-8
Finance - A-13-14-15
Hunting Log.B-4
Lost and Found-A-9
Radio - B-7
Serial Story_B-6
Short Story..A-10
Society..B-2
Sports .--.A-ll-12
Washington Wayside_B-5
Women* Jjeatures_B-8
SENATORS BALLOT,
76 TO 19, TO UPSET
ROOSEVELT BAR TO
PAVINGJETERANS
Democratic Leadership of
Upper Chamber Deserts
President—All Members
Are Present for Vote.
ACTUAL APPROPRIATION
AWAITING SUPPLY BILL
Use of $2,237,000,000 Authorized
by New Law—Brief Debate
Precedes Legislators' Action.
Hastings Chides Executive's
Aides for Forsaking Leader.
B.4CKGROL YD—
In 1924, over veto of President
Coolidge, Congress created 1945
obligation to veterans of World
War. For past 10 years veterans
have sought intermittently to have
immediate cash settlement of ob
ligation.
Last year bill providing for im
mediate cash payment in newly
printed currency was vetoed by
President Roosevelt, who was up
held by Senate minority. This
year House first passed cash pay
ment bill, then accepted Senate
plan for payment in baby bonds,
cashable after June 15. Veto by
President Roosevelt last Friday was
overturned by House on receipt.
Estimates vary on ultimate cost
of plan, center roughly about S2,
500,000.000.
BY G. GOL’LD LINCOLN.
By a vcte of 76 to 19. the Senate
today overrode President Roosevelt a
veto of the "babv bond" soldiers’ bonua
bill. The measure thus becomes law,
since the House previously had over
ridden the veto, 324 to 61. A two
thirds vote was necessary.
The bonds, which are to be issued
under the new law, are cashable at
any time. However, they are not dated
until June 15 of this year.
The Senate paid no more attention
to the President's veto message than
did the House.
The Democratic leadership deserted
the Chief Executive entirely. Senator
Robinson of Arkansas, the majority
leader: Senator Harrison of Missis
sippi. chairman of the Finance Com
mittee: Senator Lewis of Illinois, the
Democratic whip, and Senator Pitt
man of Nevada, president pro tempore
of the Senate, all cast their votes to
override the veto.
All Members Represented.
The total membership of the Senate
was represented in the vote, since
there is one vacancy. This is almost
unprecedented. Just before the vote
was announced, amid loud applause.
Vice President Garner congratulated
the Senate on its good health which
permitted all members to be present.
Of the 19 Senators who supported
the President's veto. 12 are Democrats
and 7 Republicans. Voting to over
ride the veto were 57 Democrats. 16
Republicans, 2 Farmer-Laborites and
1 Progressive.
Compared with the previous Senate
vote on the bonus, today's ballot
showed not a single switch from the
afirmative side. Adding to the "ayes'*
today were Senators Metcalf. Republi
can, of Rhode Island, and Wheeler,
Democrat, of Montana, who were
paired for the bill before.
The "noes," or those voting to sus
tain the veto, picked up three votes
from Connally. Democrat, of Texas,
and Fletcher. Democrat, of Florida,
paired against previously, and from
Tydings. Democrat, of Maryland, the
only Senator not recorded last time.
Twenty-one Senators who last May
' (See BONUS, Page A-4.)
57 Democrats Unite
With 16 Republicans
To Overthrow Veto
The Senate roll call vote on the
motion to override the bonus bill veto
follows:
To Override.
Democrats—Adams. Ashurst. Bach
man, Bailey, Bankhead, Barkley,
Bilbo. Black. Bone. Bulow, Byrnes,
Caraway. Chavez, Clark. Ccsolidge,
Copeland. Costigan, Dieterich, Dona
hey. Duffy, George. Gore. Guffey,
Harrison, Hatch, Holt, Lewis, Logan,
Lonergan. Maloney, McAdoo, McCar
ran, McGill, McKellar, Minton, Moore,
Murphy, Murray, Neely, O'Mahoney,
Overton, Pittman. Pope, Radcliffe,
Reynolds, Robinson, Russell, Schwel
lenbech. Sheppard, Smith, Thomas
(Oklahoma), Thomas (Utah), Tram
mell, Truman. Van Nuys, Walsh and
Wheeler. Total—57.
Republicans: Austin, Barbour, Borah,
Capper, Carey. Davis. Dickinson,
Frazier, Gibson, McNary, Metcalf,
Norbeck, Norris. Nye, Steiwer and
White. Total. 16.
Farmer Labor: Benson. Shipstead.
Total, 2.
Progressive: La Follette.
Grand total, 76.
Against Overriding.
Democrats: Brown, Bulkley, Burke,
Byrd, Connally, Fletcher, Gerry, Glass,
Hayden, King. Tydings and Wagner.
Total, 12.
Republicans: Couzens. Hale. Hast
ings. Johnson, Keyes, Townsend and
Vandenberg. Total, 7.
Grand total against overriding. 19.
There is one vacancy in the Senate,
the seat formerly occupied by Huey
P. Long.

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