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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 27, 1936, Image 2

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Three Corporations Included
in Charges of Violation
in Chaco War.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. January 27.—A Fed
eral grand jury today Indicted three
corporations and four persons on
charges of conspiracy to violate the
arms embargo act and to defraud the
The indictments, two containing
two counts each, were presented to
Judge Robert. T. Patterson. Substan
tive counts include the alleged secret
export of 15 machine guns in cases
containing airplanes to Bolivia dur
ing the Chaco dispute.
The defendants are the Curtlss
Wright Export Corp., the Curtiss Aero
plane & Motor Co., Inc.; the Barr
Shipping Corp., John S. Allard, presi
dent of Curtiss-Wright Export; Clar
ence W. Webster, an aviation salesman
in South America; Samuel J. Abelow,
and Robert R. Barr.
Conspiracy Charged.
The indictment set forth that the
defendants “conspired between May
29 and September 28, 1934, to sell 15
machine guns to Bolivia (which
Country was then engaged in the
Chaco conflict) in violation of a Joint
resolution of Congress which was ap
proved by the President on May 28,
1934, which prohibited sale of arms
and munitions of war under certain
The indictment also charged the
Seven with “conspiring to defraud the
United States of and concerning its
governmental function and right to
administer the Bureau of Customs of
the Treasury Department of the
United States in the clearance of ves
sels from ports of the United States
to foreign ports.”
False Oath Charged.
Two substantive acts cited in the
Indictments related to alleged con
versations on July 17, 1934, between
Allard and Palmer A. Hewlitt. who is
hot a defendant, and between Allard
and Webster.
Of the alleged shipment of ma
chine guns, the indictment read, “The
defendants, in order to conceal from
the collector of customs, the true na
ture of their merchandise, made un
der oath a shipper's export declara
tion falsely describing the merchan
dise as airplanes, and omitting to
state that 15 machine guns were in
cluded therein.’.’
(Continued From First Page.)
to suit individual nationalistic groups.
The House Foreign Affairs Commit
tee has voted down a proposal to
exempt present belligerents from
terms of the bill and Chairman Pitt
man of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee echoed that sentiment in
discussing the same bill now before
his committee.
; Senator Clark, Democrat, of Mis
■ souri, co-author of another neutrality
bill, said the views of the pro-Italian
groups were “perfectly natural,” but
"I don’t think we ought to be in
fluenced by it. I would be opposed
to any change in neutrality laws
designed to affect one nation against
another. But the fact that a state
of war exists should not affect us
in determining a policy for our own
Irvin S. Cobb
Smith Knows How to
Use Radio Despite
Cries of Purists.
HOUSTON, Tex., January 27 (N.A.
N.A.).—In the Sabbath calm following
the explosion of A1 Smithisms over the
palpitant ether, you could almost hear
the purists mur
muring: “Be sure
tfiy syntax will
find thee out”;
the purist vote
Isn't big enough
to count. For
culture, a colle
giate accent may
have it all over
the Brooklyn
brogue, but there
are more people
crossing Brook
lyn Bridge every
day than go
through Yale or
Harvard in 50
years. •
Oov. Smith may not pronounce
Tadio the correct way—as some critics
already have pointed out—but he cer
tainly knows what to do with it when
he faces a microphone. All grammar
aside—and why not all grammar
aside, if leaving it aside keeps simple
• speech?—when he gets through talk
ing there are no missing word con
tests, no guessing games afterward.
Take it or leave it, you get what he’s
driving at, the very foist time.
And maybe that’s what language
was before orators and writers started
putting frilled panties on it.
(Copyright. 1936.)
Meets at noon.
To vote on bonus.
Agriculture Committee hears Sec
retary Wallace on A. A. A. substitute.
Foreign Relations Committee hears
Senators Nye. Republican, of North
Dakota and Clark, Democrat, of Mis
souri on neutrality law.
Judiciary Committee considers nom- :
ination of E. R. Holmes of Mississippi '
to Circuit Court bench. i
Meets at noon.
To consider Interior Department {
appropriation bill. ,
Foreign Affairs Committee in execu- (
tive session on neutrality legislation. j
Agriculture Committee studies new ,
farm legislation. <
Will take up bills relating to Air
BBSs Technical School and possibly
wagers’ seed loans, if pending bust
new is finished today
TCrltories Committee meets at 11
fin. (executive). ^
x '
What’s What I
Behind News
Prophets See Gloomier
Prospects as Election
Time Nears.
EW YORK, January 27
(N.A.N.A.).—The big fellow*
here are not as enthusiastic
as they were when they made
their New Year prophecies.
At a board meeting representative
of the bulk of business last week it
was agreed that, while the immediate
future is bright, it is by no means all
sunshine and roses.
The prospects and effects of a
hot political campaign are now
seen more clearly than a few weeks
earlier. Many businesses and busi
ness men will be under fire and
firing. More Federal taxation re
quirements also have arisen lately.
This means only one thing. Industry
has had to be wary in spending its
safety reserves for expansion since the
depression. It has not yet relaxed its
Fear for Future.
The men here who make the market
for Government bonds (in a way)
are not at all perturbed about the
1936 prospects, but are increasingly
apprehensive about the end of it all
in the future.
They know the Treasury will
have to do a lot more new financing
this year than last. It raised about
$1,600,000,000 of new money last
year. The bonus alone will require
more than that this year.
Yet the Treasury is still in a posi
tion to just about write its own ticket
(with reservations) on financing. That
coincides with the Washington view
A o_»*-■- ros m
Park Avenue political debutantes
will never get over the way T. R„ jr.,
handled the predicament of address
ing memorial dedication exercises to
his father from the same platform as
his far, far distant cousin, the Presi
Young Teddy was surrounded by
political strangers, including not
only President Roosevelt, but
Democratic Gov. Lehman and un
attached Mayor La Guardia. As he
started into his own highly non
political address, he bowed only to
the chairman, who sat at his left,
and then looked straight out at the
audience, saying:
“Mr. Chairman and distinguished
The President was on his right as he
spoke. Lehman and La Guardia be
hind him.
Conservatives O. K. Bonus.
Bonus developments were an old
story to those at the business ma
chine. Stock marketeers months ago
had figured out which industries
would get the money, and how much.
Generally, business seems to look
on the good side of the bonus. Even
some conservative authorities seem to
think it is a good thing to pay it and
get it out of the way.
A business man from New York
asked Mr. Roosevelt some time ago
what he thought about a manufac
turers’ sales tax.
The President replied by asking how
much the business man paid for his
shoes. He then observed that the
business man’s chauffeur probably
paid the same amount, adding:
"And under a manufacturers’ sales
tax you would both pay the same tax.”
While that occurred some months
ago, there are reasons to believe the
President has not yet altered his un
compromising opposition despite cur
rent rumors to the contrary.
Rumors on A1 Smith.
New York is always the Nation’s
rumor incubator. But the chicks it
turned out in the few days before A1
Smith spoke set an all-time .new
hatchery record.
What happened was that New
York believed the New Dealers
would do something important to
offset Smith. Their inflationary
imaginations were extended for
New Yorkers do not mind being
wrong. All they want is to be new
ind original.
The Labor Split.
The latest academic split between
Labor Leaders Green and Lewis still
has the same personal and political
background, only more so.
The personal angle of it is that, if
Mr. Lewis ever succeeds with his in
dustrial union program, Mr. Green
&nd his A. F. of L. associates will be
out of jobs. The A. F. of L. would
have to be completely decentralized
snd reorganized.
The political phase is that Lewis
stands well with, the New Dealers.
(He stood well enough to get the
Guffey coal bill.) Many of Mr.
Green’s A. F. of L. associates have
Republican leanings.
Those on the top rim of the inner
labor circles are confident that the
L«wis industrial union system is sure to
come in the long run of future years.
Meanwhile, the A. F. of L. authorities
will be able to give Mr. Lewis many
umoying hours.
-_- At
Al's pals here amused themselves
wfore his Liberty League speech try
ag to figure up how many delegates
lie might possibly get to the next
Democratic convention, if he tried,
rhey started off with Rhode Island i
ind counted up three more States.
The Price of Silver.
Silver men point out that the rea- 1
ion the silver Senators are less agl- 1
ated than might be expected over the 1
lecreasing 45-cent world silver price
s because all domestic producers are 1
retting 77 cents; although that figure ]
i rarely quoted publicly. '
Much inside talk in Massachu- i
setts and here centers around the i
question of who is handling in- <
surance for large works projects.
There may be some developments
on that shortly. t
(Obovrls hfc 1£38.) «
Hoffman Won’t Block Probe.
Democrats and G. 0. P.
Reluctant to Act.
Br the Associated Press.
TRENTON, N. J„ January 27.—The
possibility of an Investigation into the
Lindbergh baby killing and the subse
quent arrest and conviction of Bruno
Richard Hauptmann faced a none
too-willing New Jersey Legislature
Gov. Harold G. Hoffman, who, dur
ing his own Inquiry, has granted
Hauptmann a 30-day reprieve, said
he would not block a legislative in
Hauck "Welcomes” Probe.
Anthony M. Hauck, jr„ Hunterdon
County , prosecutor, where Hauptmann
was tried, said he would "welcome”
an inquiry and planned to confer
with Attorney General David T.
Wilentz on the Governor’s personal
interest in the case.
The Republican majority in the
Legislature, however, was aware of
the embarrassing political aspects of
an investigation and members were
silent on the proposal.
The Republican State organization,
seeking to deliver New Jersey for a
Republican presidential candidate, is
apprehensive lest an inquiry discredit
the Governor’s activities in the case
and adversely affect the party's
chances in the State.
Democrats Reluctant.
There was no evident movement
among the Democratic minority either
to initiate the suggested inquiry.
Continuing his Inquiry, the Gov
ernor said he had no present belief
that Hauptmann's conviction was
based on manufactured evidence or
that it was obtained by political pres
sure. He explained he wished to make
a thorough study of such possibilities.
Hauptmann’s attorneys continued
efforts to turn up new evidence to
prove his innocence or the complicity
of others.
Mrs. Roosevelt Will Represent the
President at Services in
Mrs. Roosevelt will represent the
President at the memorial service for
King George V, to be held in the
Great Choir of Washington Cathedral
tomorrow morning.
Vice President John N. Garner.
Speaker of the House Joseph W. Byrns,
members of the cabinet, ranking offi
cers of the Army and Navy and rep
resentatives of the diplomatic corps
have received tickets.
The majority of seats, however, are
reserved for British subjects resident
in Washington. Accommodations for
the general public will be limited and
applications should be made to the
embassy, not to the Cathedral offices.
Right Rev. James E. Freeman.
Bishop of Washington, will conduct
the service.
Radio networks expect to have their
circuits switched overseas as early as
4 a.m. tomorrow for the first part of
the funeral services for King George.
Then from 8 to 9 a.m. the second part
will come from St. George's chapel,
London short wave stations will fol
low a similar schedule.
(Continued From First Page.)
States to carry out control programs.
Senator Bankhead. Democrat, of Ala
bama, sponsor of the original legisla
tion, contended the revised bill was
It was indicated today that, if the
bill passes, the first steps in the soil
conservation plan will be guided by a
survey made by Agriculture Depart
ment experts. They recommended
that 16.000.000 acres on which cotton,
corn and wheat is grown should be
devoted to grass and trees.
Money Seen Cure.
This survey, a preliminary one,
covered only the States in the heart
of the cotton, corn and wheat belts.
It is Wallace's opinion that 35,000,000
acres in all should be retired from
those crops and planted to grass or
trees to combat erosion.
A currency expansion leader. Sen
ator Thomas, Democrat, of Oklahoma,
reiterated last night his opinion that
farm problems can be cured by mone
tary action.
“The Supreme Court has approved
the right of Congress to deal with the
money question,” he said. “Congress
has the right and power to Increase
ar decrease the'amount of money in
circulation, hence the right and power
to increase or decrease commodity
prices at will. * * * All other policies
to raise prices have been invalidated.
“Why try other questionable policies
to raise and control prices when the
constitutional monetary policy is
plain, simple and workable?"
LOS ANGELES, January 27 UP).—
Most men who Interfere in others’
Family quarrels get only a lesson out
)f it. Stanton H. Rhome, restaurant
Dwner, yesterday had his lesson—and
Damages were awarded him in
Superior Court against Pete and Clella
Schiavon. Rhome said they beat him
when he tried to halt a quarrel be
tween the husband and wife at his
Bachmann, Former G. 0. P.
Whip, Said to Be Forming
Staff Here.
B* the Associated Press.
Informed sources said today a
"Borah 'or President” national cam
paign headquarters under the chair
manship of Carl G. Bachmann,
Wheeling, W Va., has quietly been
established here.
' The move has been made in antic
ipation of the Idaho Senator's formal
declaration of his candidacy for the
Republican nomination on or about
February 1.
Bachmann. for years Republican
whip in the House, has offices in a
three-room suite of a prominent hotel.
A high authority said Bachmann was
out of town, but was expected back
tomorrow' to round out his staff.
Fish Keeps Information.
Representative Fish, Republican, of
New York generally accepted spokes
man for Borah enthusiasts, said he
wished to be quoted as "neither af
firming nor denying” the existence or
purposes of Bachmann’s organiza
"That,’* he said, “rightfully should
• come from Mr. Bachmann. If I were
to mention names and tell where ac
tivities are concentrated, I would be
giving away the whole thing. You
can depend on some very definite in
formation within the next week or
10 days All that is going on will be
known by that time anyway.
“Mr. Bachmann is a very popular
‘Young Republican.’ He was among
the first to come out for Borah. As
an ‘organization man’ he was in
strumental a few years ago in build
ing up one of the most powerful Re
publican machines ever seen in the
House of Representatives. He should
be able to exercise a commanding
influence in the campaign.”
tumimuco voluntary.
Senatoi Borah said he "understood”
a committee "was being organized
on a voluntary basis” here, but de
clined to say he had any personal
contact with it.
"You must remember,” the Senator
said, "tnat these committees are vol
untary within the States. Organiza
tion of them is purely a local matter
—a movement by the people. I have
organized nc committee myself and
I do not know how active Is the one
in Washington.”
Asked about reports that he in
tended to "make a definite statement
near the end of the month,” Senator
Borah said he contemplated no an
Representative Fish, however, said
it was his personal belief that the
Idahoan would announce his can
didacy "in his own way.” possibly
"by the first of February.”
Word From Washington Awaited j
on Disputants’ Fleas for Con
gress Inquiry.
By the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO, January 27.—
Opposing factions in the Pacific
Coast maritime situation awaited
word from Washington today as to
disposition of their requests for con
gressional investigations into each
other’s activities.
Labor's request for an inquiry was
sent by the local council of the Mari
time Federation of the Pacific after
Harry Bridges, left-wing laborite, had
predicted a ’’lockout’’ of marine unions
would start today.
No such move was apparent today
and Bridges aaid employers had de
ferred the “lockout” temporarily.
Spokesmen for the employers would
not comment.
Bridges answered a State Chamber
of Commerce attack leveled at the
Maritime Federation, which said the
federation, through its assertedly
“radical” leadership, was conspiring In
restraint of trade.
(Continued From First Page.)
City in 1881 and is an old friend of
the President, under whom he served
as superintendent of banks In New
York while Mr. Roosevelt was Gov
ernor. He was a member of the com
mittee appointed by the Secretary of
the Treasury to work out technical
organization of the Federal Reserve
Ransom is executive vice president
of the Fulton National Bank of At
lanta and In charge of its trust de
partment. A native of Columbia, S.
C„ he engaged in the general practice
of law in Atlanta until 1922. when he
became vice president of the Fulton
bank. He has been prominently iden
tified with the American Bankers’
Association and the Reserve City
Bankers’ Association.
McKee, a native of Pittsburgh, spe
cialized in banking and commercial
law. In 1931-32 he represented the
controller of the currency as receiver
for insolvent national banks In Ohio
and Pennsylvania and subsequently
became examiner for the Reconstruct
tion Finance Corp. in charge of bank
Morrison, bom in Missouri in 1882,
began his business career in the oper
ating department of a railroad and
then engaged in the sale of railroad
equipment. Since 1925 he has been
in business in San Antonio and en
gaged in the development of a large
ranch. In 1933 he served as a member
of the American delegation to the
World Monetary and Economic Con
ference at London.
Middie Praised for Rescuing
Young Skater When Ice Breaks
Sr the Associated Press.
ANNAPOLIS, January 27. — Mid
ihipman «. M. Cease of Oklahoma
liras praised warmly today for hit
leroism in braving the icy water ol
ipa Creek and saving the life of an
Innapolis youth who had broken
hrough the ice while skating.
“There is no question but that
Midshipman Cease saved the boy's
Ife” said William J. McWilliams, city
ounselor and brother of the rescued
routh, John McWilliams, 12. The
attorney said he would write the mid
htpman formally expressing appre
Jation of his heroic action.
The rescue occurred Saturday after
ohn McWilliams had gone to skate
in the frosen-over creek. The ice
racked and John through into
the water. Terrified, he shouted at
the top of his voice, but no one heard
him for nearly 15 minutes.
Cease, a member of the fresh
man class at the Naval Academy,
happened by. Hearing the boy's calls, 1
the midshipman attempted to reach
John by crawling out on the Ice.
The ice broke and threw him Into
the chilly water with the struggling <
youth. He hauled the boy out and 1
called an ambulance.
John spent the night at Emergency '
Hospital, but was dismissed yesterday, '
apparently none the worse from the 1
exposure and fright. Midshipman
Cease suffered no ill effect from his
plunge Into the ley water. Hie place i
where the boy fell into the water is 1
about 15 yarj^ from share.
Elevated Train Derailed—Forty-Five Hurt
----- * ‘ ;
Five persons were seriously injured and two-score others hurt early today In Chicago when a three-car
elevated train jumped the tracks. Here is a general view of the wreck. —^Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
- — -———_JU -
Ambassador at Large to
March in Procession in
London Tomorrow.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. January 27.—Norman H.
Davis, President Roosevelt's Ambas
sador-at-large, will participate fully
in the elaborate ceremonial marking
the funeral tomorrow of the late King
George V.
He will walk with the heads of
foreign delegations for 3’i miles, in
processions here and at Windsor, and
will sit with them in St. George's
Chapel during the last rites.
The American military and naval
attaches also will walk in the pro
cessions with foreign military groups.
The British government appointed
Lord Howard of Penrith, former Brit
ish Ambassador to Washington, as
lord-in-waiting to Davis. He and
Lady Howard will accompany Mr. and
Mrs. Davis by train to Windsor.
Capt. C A. L. Irvine was named as
Davis' equerry and the naval captain,
P. MacNamara, was appointed British
aide to the American.
Tonight Davis will attend a state
reception at Buckingham Palace, ac
companied by the American military
and naval attaches, Lieut. Col. Ray
mond E. Lee and Capt. Walter S.
Anderson, respectively.
The reception will follow a ban
quet by King Edward VIII to the
visiting heads of foreign states, which
means only royalty and President Al
bert Lebrun of France.
Ray Atherton, the American Em
bassy counselor, will represent the
embassy in the absence of Ambassa
dor Robert W. Bingham, at the Wind
sor funeral, but will not walk in the
■•Continued From First Page.)
Dover aboard a British destroyer and
came to London by special train.
The Duke of York met President
Albert Lebrun of France, who, like
heads of other continental delega
tions, was escorted part way across
the English Channel by destroyers.
King Christian of Denmark and
Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden, with
the crown princess, arrived and were
met at the station by the Dukes of
Kent and Gloucester.
600.000 Visit Hall.
Authorities estimated at noon to
day that more than 600,000 persons
had filed through Westminster Hall
since King George's lying-in-state be
gan last Friday.
Police said the crowds were much
larger than those for the lying-in
state of Edward VII, George's father,
who died in 1910.
London’s subways ran throughout
the night for the first time In history
to carry the thousands who visited the
The queue, at one time stretching
for 4 miles and lining both sides of
the Thames near Vauxhall Bridge, was
said by authorities to be the greatest
ever known.
r-aiaces, emoassies ana ocouana
5fard, meanwhile, hummed with ac
tivity as weary officials and secretaries
worked out to the most minute detail
the plans for tomorrow's funeral.
dward VIII, new King-Emperor of
the British commonwealth of nations,
spent the week end at his country
home, but found little rest from the
whirl of state business he caught up
after the death last Monday of his
Special motor cycle dispatch riders
brought documents from Buckingham
Palace to King Edward's estate almost
The tirea young monarch arranged
to return to London later today to
receive addresses from Prime Min
ster Baldwin and other government
representatives and privy councillors.
Edward to See Visitors.
Tonight ne will give a private dinner
at Buckingham Palace for royal visi
tors md heads of foreign delegations
to the fur.eial. expected to be swelled
jy the arrival of the Kings of Bel
tium and Denmark, the President of
Prance and the Crown Prince of Italy.
Armed Scotland Yard detectives
protected the visitors. While no “in
naents” were expected, strict pre
:autions were taken.
More than 8,000 uniformed police
will line the route from Westminster
Sail to Paddington Station, when the
Jody of King George is taken at the
lead of a funeral procession tomor
row to be placed on a train for Wind
tor, just west of London.
Scores of detectives and plain
;lothes men will mingle with the
;rowds watching the procession, when
Sing Edward, his three brothers and
visiting monarchs walk behind King
George’s coffin, as they did when it
was brought from Sandringham.
A fleet of army radio trucks was
irough', to Insure accurate timing
tf orders to troops along the mlle
ong route.
The United States will be repre
iented among the groups of Allied
Var Veterans’ Associations forming
tn honor guard.
Funeral Procession.
The procession will leave West
nlnster Hall at 9:45 am. (4:45 am.,
I. 8. T.), for Paddington station.
The funera^ train will reach Windsor
at 12:35 p.m., and the final services
at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, will
start at 1:15 p.m.; 15 minutes later
the United Kingdom will observe two
minutes of silence.
The chapel was closed to the public
today as the work of arranging the
seating and preparing the chapel tomb
was begun.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, who
attended King George at the Mon
arch's death, and led the principal
memorial service Sunday at West
minster Abbey, will officiate at the
funeral service, assisted by the Arch
bishop of York and the Bishop of
The locomotive drawing the funeral
train will be the one King George
himself drove in 1924 when he and
Queen Mary visited the railroad
King Edward decided to wear his
naval uniform at the final rites. He
W’ill be accompanied by his brothers,
i the Dukes of York, Gloucester and
! In addition to King Carol and King
Christian, two Kings—Haakon of Nor
way and Boris of Bulgaria—were al
1 ready here for the services. King
Haakon and Queen Maud, King
George's only surviving sister, at
; tended a private service yesterday
! in Buckingham Palace with the royal
I family.
ntiwiHcu u)<uu iiu ai “
rival by the Duke of Gloucester, vis
j ited Westminster Hall to view the
catafalque of state.
Others who went to the hall Sun
day were Prime Minister Baldwin,
King George’s grandsons, Viscount
Lascelles and the Hon. Gerald David,
young sons of the Princess Royal,
and the Infanta Beatrice, daughter
of former King Alfonso of Spain.
The regent, Prince Paul of Yugo
slavia, was welcomed to London by the
Duke of Kent, fourth son of King
• A large crowd, awaiting the arrival
of a German delegation at the Liver
pool Street Station, broke police lines
and surged around the group, headed
; bv Baron Konstantin von Neurath,
minister of foreign affairs, when they
alighted from the train.
No demonstration was made.
The Siamese and the Netherlands
delegations arrived on the same train.
The French delegation, headed by
President Albert Lebrun and others,
was en route.

Venizelist Group Pledges Support
to King—Coalition
Regime Seen.
By the Associated Press.
ATHENS, January 27.—Greece's first
general election under the restored
monarchy gave a commanding posi
tion to the Liberal party today and
the Venizelist group promptly an
nounced its full support for the re
caUed King George.
Latest returns from yesterday's vot
ing indicated that of the 300 seats in
the Parliament, the Liberals would
take 135, the combined parties of Gen.
George Kondylis and former Premier
Panayoti Tsaldaris 125 and minor
parties the other 40.
No single party appeared likely to be
able to form a government, but the
Liberal leader, Themistocles Sophoulis,
declared readiness to co-operate in a
coalition government, in accordance
with the wishes of King George.
"We do not seek a change in the
monarchial regime," announced Sop
houlis. whose party adhered to the
general policies of former Premier
Sleutherios Venizelos.
The election, called to choose a new
Parliament under the two-month-old
restored monarchy and to replace the
stop-gap regime of Premier Constan
tine Demerdjis, was carried out in calm
but heavy balloting.
Reported threats of a coup d’etat by
the faction of Gen. Kondylis, army
leader whose earlier coup made possi
ble the restoration of the King and
the end of the 12-year-old republic,
failed of fulfillment.
The Liberals, if successful in enter
ing into the formation of a govern
ment, were expected to name as
premier their leader Sophoulis.
Two Cars of Elevated Hang
Over Edge, but Don’t
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, January 27—Ten per
sons were injured seriously and more
than twoscore were hurt when two cars
of a three-car Chicago Rapid Transit
Co. South Side express jumped the
rails on a curve near the Chicago stock
yards early today.
None of the cars overturned, but the
two derailed tottered dizzily on the
elevated structure with the frtyit ends
overhanging the edge and tilted at an
angle of almost 45 degrees over the
street 35 feet below.
The motorman, Alfred J. Totte, 48,1
said he was not going more than 15
miles an hour and could give no ex
planation. He was injured slightly.
Passengers on the Pershing Road
Station platform witnessed the acci
dent and notified the Police and Fire
Many of the injured were removed
by firemen, who erected ladders to
bring them to safety. The power
system was shut off immediately,'
which added to the confusion, throw- [
ihg the cars into darkness and cutting |
off the heat.
The crash occurred in 6 degrees be
low zero weather.
Most of the passengers suffered in
juries to the spine, knees or arms, and
many were cut by glass. Most of those
in the last car. which did not leave j
the track, walked along the elevated j
structure to the Pershing Road Sta- :
Man, Who Wounded Watchman,
Evades Hundreds of
By the Associated Presa.
NEW YORK. January 27.—While a
hundred policemen swarmed through
the 60-story Woolworth tower hunting
a mysterious prowler who shot a
watchman, the quarry apparently
escaped today.
A man who appeared from the
basement of a nearby store, threat
ened the manager and fled, was be
lieved by police to have been the
; watchman’s assailant. They had
searched for him since the shooting
yesterday afternoon.
The prowler, described by police as
probably a petty thief, apparently
escaped from the Woolworth Building
by jumping from a fourth or fifth
floor window to an adjoining roof,
from where he made his way to a
window of the store building, entered
..J UIJ 4k.
Shortly after Robert McEvoy, man
ager, opened the store today, the man
came from the basement, threatened
McEvoy and fled. McEvoy said the
man appeared to be clutching a pistol
in a pocket.
The search, both spectacular and
fantastic, brought 200 officers at its
peak and kept lights winking from
the roof to the basement throughout
the night.
It began at 1 p.m. yesterday when
Tony Petrone, 61, the watchman,
grappled with the Intruder and was
shot In the shoulder.
A tenant, hearing the shot, called
to a passerby on the street below to
summon police. A score of patrol cars
dashed up.
The officers guarded every exit and
began a systematic hunt, believing
the thief still was inside, armed and
After eight hours a sixth-floor
window 10 feet above an adjoining
roof was found open. Footprints in
the snow there indicated a man had
dropped and made his way to a
fire escape.
The Rational Scene
THE administration met unexpected defiance when it sent another
unconstitutional farm bill to the Senate Agricultural Committee.
The Senators, in a sudden attack of realism, refused to consider
a bill that was no more within the Constitution
than the A. A. A. it was supposed to supplant.
The administration’s strategy is to continue
passing laws that the Supreme Court is bound
to turn down. Thus it hopes to create the im
pression that nothing can be done for the farmer
under the Constitution as it stands.
That scheme cannot go unchallenged. Public
sentiment favors something clearly constitu
tional which will settle the confusion. Indirect
tactics, designed to discredit the court, are putting
the administration Itself on the spot.
The New Dealers will have to draw a long
breath and propose an amendment, or they will
Mn. Lmcwsrtk. have to take the medicine prescribed by the
constitutionalists that would be a bitter dose for the embattled
bureaucrats to swallow, but they may have to gulp it down yet.
(onniikt, lose.)
— ■
In 1928 He Said Socialism
Cry Always Came From
Big Interests.
Secretary Ickes assumed the role of
New Deal champion in his Town Hal!
address last night at the Shoreham
Hotel, making a stinging reply to the
Saturday night speech of Alfred E.
Smith before the American Liberty
League attacking the socialistic doc
trines of the Roosevelt administration.
Taking a page from Smith's own
record in the 1928 campaign, Ickes
quoted his own reply during the cam
paign to charges of Herbert Hoover
that he was advocating socialism.
Ickes’ counter-attack came at the
end of his prepared address in sup
port of a permanent public works
program and was in response to ques
tions by Senator Alben W. Barkley of
Kentucky, a member of the panel.
Only once, at the outset of his speech,
had the administration spokesman re
ferred to Smith, disappointing the big
audience by quickly passing on to his
general subject.
vumtiucuic vriuur*.
Senator Barkley, who managed the
Smith campaign in Kentucky in 1923,
gave Ickes the cue, but the latter
"shied" at answering the first ques
tion propounded to him That was
when Barkley asked if it were not
true that on January 8. 1933, Smith
had called for a national public works
dictator and suggested that we "put
the Constitution on the shelf."
“I’ll let you answer that first,”
Ickes replied.
The Kentucky Senator then stated
that he recalled, as Kentucky man
ager for Smith in 1928 that there had
been "certain controversy as to what
constituted socialism."
Ickes smiled broadly. "Senator, by
a coincidence I have what appears to
be the precise language ’’ he said.
He then went on to read: "Mr.
Hoover on October 22. 1928. at Mad
ison Square Garden declared with re
gard to Mr. Smith, then a Demo
cratic candidate, that ‘our opponents,
in effect, abandoned the tenets ol their
party for those of the Socialists.’
Same Language Held Used.
“He demanded of Mr. Smith what
he was going to do with regard to
certain problems and said that Smith's
plans for relief, electric power arid
other national troubles were thrusting
the Government to turn to state so
cialism for solutions.
"Last night Mr. Smith spoke of the
foul breath of Communistic Russia.
He referred to the red flag of the
godless Union of Soviets, at the same
time that he appealed for an end of
class prejudice. By some unconscious
assimilation he used the same lan
guage Herbert Hoover used in 1928.
"But what did A1 Smith say in 1928
in reply to Hoover? Two days later
at Boston Mr. Smith said. ‘The cry of
socialism has been patented by the
powerful interests that desire to put
a damper on progressive legislation.’
" ‘Is this cry of socialism anything
new? Not to a man of my experience.
I have heard it raised by reactionary
elements and the Republican party In
my State for over a quarter of a cen
Turning to Senator Barkley with a
pleased smile, Secretary Ickes then
“Well, here we are.”
Some Skeptics Have Dark Thought.
There was a prevailing thought that
Ickes and Barkley might have con
nived in bringing up the incident.
With the passing of the Smith dis
cussion. there were no other “fire
works.” Mr. Ickes had begun his ad
dress by alluding to the fact that he
would have liked to have chosen some
other subject to speak on. "You know,
A1 Smith spoke last night.” he said.
But he passed on to his own defense
of public works.
Burden Held Too Great.
With sharp thrusts at his critics,
Ickes defended public works with the
assertion, “This theory has not failed
—it has never really been tested.”
He asserted that the Federal Gov
ernment has spent about $3,000,000.
000 in the last two and one-half years
for public works, although he declared
there had been a shrinkage in private
construction work of $8,000,000,000 a
“It was like sending out a tugboat
to capture the Atlantic fleet,” Ickes
He advocated a continuing works
program to take up an unemployment
slack which he attributed to depletion
of national resources.
Your Income Tax
The Denod for the filing of income
tax return* covering the calendar
year 1935 begins January 1 and ends
at midnight of March 16. March
15. the usual close of the filing period,
this year falls on Sunday, allowing
taxpayers an additional day of grace,
which, however, it will be to their
interest to disregard. To file early
is of mutual benefit to the Govern
ment and taxpayer.
Within this period are filed an
nually millions of individual incgme
tax returns, a large proportion of
which report income subject to the
tax. The latter contain a consider
able percentage of errors, which, if
uncorrected by the audit, would re
sult to the disadvantage of the tax
payer. Many are errors of computa
tion easily discovered on the face of
the return, which usually is accom
panied by a payment of more than the
amount of tax due. In other returns
it is readily discernible that the tax
payer has failed to take advantage
of the personal exemption, credit al
lowed for dependents, or deductions
from gross income to which he is en
To avoid these and other errors,
the Bureau of Internal Revenue urges
careful reading of the instructions on
the form* for filing the returns. Ad
ditional information, if needed, may
be obtained at the office of a col
lector of internal revenue, deputy col
lector, or ar internal revenue agent
in charge
Also, as a further aid in the prepa
ration of a correct income-tax return
for the year 1935. the bureau has
prepared a series of short newspaper
articles, rf which this is the first, ad
vising the salaried man. wage earner,
professional and business man—is
fact, every class of individual tax
payer—of his requirements and priv
ileges as Interpreted under the latest
regulations, rulings, and decisions re
lating to the income-tax lawr.
* Italy Hit.
Mexico has banned the lmportetioa
products from Italy.

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