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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
" WASHINGTON. D. C.
MONDAY.January Z7, 1936
THEODORE W. NOYES.i Editor
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herein are also reserved.
The Smith Threat.
Alfred E. Smith has appealed to the
Democratic Congress and to the Demo
cratic National Convention next June to
repudiate the New Deal. He seems to
have overlooked the Chief Executive.
President Roosevelt, however, is the
important figure in the picture. Con
gress has done his bidding and is ex
pected to continue to do it. The Demo
cratic National Convention will jump
through the hoop. The Smith appeal,
therefore, falls on deaf ears.
While the Democratic Congress and
the Democratic National Convention
may not listen to the former leader of
the Democratic party, there is the chance
that some of the millions of Democrats
who idolized Smith a short time ago
may do so. Indeed, many of them were
greatly impressed by the clear-cut
attack which Mr. Smith made on the
Roosevelt New Deal at the American
Liberty League dinner Saturday night.
The former New York Governor spoke
In the same chamber, although to a
different audience, as did President
Roosevelt in his Jackson day dinner
address less than three weeks ago. The
fundamental difference between the
men reveals itself in their speeches. It
is found in their conceptions of the
province of government. Extension of
the power of government along New
Deal lines, Mr. Smith warns, means an
overwhelming bureaucracy and dictator
ship. It is not, he insists, democracy.
President Roosevelt in his Jackson day
address spoke as a candidate for re
nomination and re-election. Mr. Smith,
on the other hand, m^de a flat declara
tion that he is a candidate for no office
and has no intention of becoming one.
To the President, his opponents were
a “gang,” the mouthpieces of intrenched
Interests. To Mr. Smith the New Dealers
had merely caught the Socialists in
swimming and stolen their clothes. Both
men had something to say about Andrew
Jackson—the President a great deal, and
by inference presenting himself in the
role of the Jackson of today. Mr. Smith,
however, said that the disciples of
Jackson could no longer stomach the
New Deal.
__ . •_11.1. *_
XNUU UIUJ WBo It liiijjuooiuit
Democrats who believed with Jackson,
Jefferson and Cleveland to go along with
the Roosevelt New Deal, but, said Mr.
Smith, they were prepared to “take a
walk." That is a definite threat to split
the Democratic party wide open. As
such it will be regarded by the Roose
velt Democrats. Quite, naturally, they
will go gunning for Mr. Smith. The
more they fear him, the more furious
will be their attacks upon the man they
at one time followed.
Answering the speech of Mr. Smith
will be no easy task. It is a Job to which
more than one Democrat will be assigned.
It may be that the head New Dealer of
them all will find it necessary eventually
to enter the arena. Mr. Smith was careful
to keep away from personalities in his
address. He confined himself Jto attacks
on policies, not men. Judging from the
comment already put forward by the
Roosevelt leaders, Mr. Smith will receive
no such treatment at their hands. And
yet, in the minds of the people who have
followed Alfred E. Smith in the past, it
will be difficult for his attackers to paint
his picture as a foe to the common man
and woman, and as a tool of selfish
Interests.
liCVCl lliuic vivaiij ttaa
conception of freedom of opportunity
for the poor boy and girl been described
than by Mr. Smith. His plea is to keep
the gateway of opportunity open. It
cannot be kept open if, as Mr. Smith
said, the Government undertakes to
control all business and activity.
"Boondoggle” is a good, serviceable
word. It only needs some one to set it
to music to keep it going ’round and
•round.
Politics and Justice.
Governor Hoffman of New Jersey, in
his efforts in behalf of Bruno Richard
Hauptmann, convicted and sentenced to
death for the murder of the Lindbergh
has maneuvered himself into an
extraordinary position quite without par
allel in the history of American law. He
has now announced, according to a
report from Trenton, that he will call
the New Jersey Board of Pardons into
session again next month in an attempt
to convince that body that it should
commute the death sentence to life
Imprisonment. He is a member of that
board by reason of his office. Although
no announcement has been made,
It is understood and accepted that at
the meeting of the board on the 11th
of January it rejected Hauptmann’s plea
fordemency by a vote of 7 to 1. Quite
obviously the Governor cast that single
dissenting vote. Under the New Jersey
law the Governor can summon the Board
of Pardons In session at his pleasure. If
A
this session is called, as now proposed,
the Governor of the 8tate will be in the
position of a veritable counsel for the
defense, which is directly at variance
'with his function as a judge, in which
role he is cast by virtue of his office.
The only conceivable justification for
protracting this case Is the chance of
the disclosure of new evidence to show
that Hauptmann was not a participant
in the crime or that he had accomplices
equally guilty with him. There is noth
ing to indicate that such evidence is to
be had. While undoubtedly many believe
that Hauptmann was not alone in this
criminal venture, in which case, of
course, his accomplices should share his
penalty, the possibility of identifying,
taking and convicting such associates in
the crime is extremely slender.
The suspicion that this case has de
veloped a political aspect has been freely
discussed and adds to the Increasing im
patience with a system of Jurisprudence
which mixes politics and law in the ad
ministration of Justice in this country.
Venizelos’ Come-back.
No more spectacular development has
occurred in contemporary Europe than
the political victory of the Greek Lib
erals, who owe allegiance to Eleutherios
Venizelos. Though the venerable former
premier, described by WoodroVv Wilson
as the Old World's foremost statesman,
has been in exile for the past year, his
supporters, in an orderly and honestly
conducted election, have won a striking
triumph. On a platform of toleration
of King George II, the Venezelists de
feated the cohorts of Field Marshal
Kondylis and ex-Premier Tsaldaris and
made themselves the dominant party in
Parliament. According to early returns,
they will not possess a clear majority
over all opposition groups, but their
ascendancy is apparently unquestion
able. M. Venizelos’ partisans polled
eighty per cent of the vote in Macedonia,
and even more in his native Crete. They
also led the count in Athens.
Already there are signs that as the
result of a private agreement with King
George, the Grand Old Man of the
Hellenes may be publicly invited to re
turn from banishment and resume his
place in national affairs. The King, of
whose sincere democratic purposes the
Liberals have no doubt, ostensibly de
sires to avail himself of the services and
ripe experience of Venizelos as an offset
to Marshal Kondylis, even though it was
the latter's recent coup which led to
George’s return to the throne. The
marshal continues to command the
loyalty of the army. The considerable
minority he will control in Parliament
Drobably nresaees ODDOsition to Kina
George's military alliance with Great
Britain in connection with the Italo
Ethiopian conflict and the Mediterranean
situation. Kondylis has ranked as a
supporter of Mussolini's current Interests.
Greek politics—the incessant rivalries
of monarchists and republicans, the
chronic clash of the militarists with
the civilian elements—is so incalculable
that it would be idle to forecast just
what yesterday’s elections are likely to
bring in the way of a permanent regime.
King George's readiness to deal with the
Liberals on the basis of mutual tolera
tion indicates that he is not indisposed
to allow the party which looks to Veni
zelos for leadership to play a conspicuous
role in the development of Greece as a
truly democratic monarchy.
Thus Crete’s famous son, politically
battle-scarred, peripatetic exile, may
once again bestride the Grecian scene
with that indomitable power which he
wielded after the World War and which
made him an influential figure in the
councils of Europe. The Kondylists, still
smarting from the ill-starred revolt
which Venizelos led in March, 1935,
thunder that he must never be allowed
to return. But under the royal wing,
that may be the next event in Greece
and one well designed to provoke fresh
explosions.
A1 Smith's speech was immediately
followed by an announcement of the
day and hour when Senator Robinson
•will reply to it. “To be continued in
our next” rates almost as a campaign
> apothegm. *
Great Men.
It was the judgment of Thomas
Carlyle that “universal history is at bot
tom the history of the great men who
have worked here.” But the contribu
tion of individual genius to civilization
is not invariably appreciated even by
those who, prompted by either ambition
or altruism, aspire to lead the people.
Recently, indeed, it has been fashion
able to make light of personal ability.
Certain apostles of untrammeled democ
racy are engaged in a campaign to per
suade the masses to take charge of affairs
for themselves and to reform things alto
gether. And among those agitators It
happens that there are men who ordi
narily might be expected to be the last
to trust mob passion, men who are in no
wise modest in their view of their own
talents and who are skeptical exclusively
about the capacities of their political
rfvale
Yet it may be wondered if any but a
pathetic minority of the people realizes
the contradiction. The annals of the
past several centuries, however, provide
ample evidence of the fact that revo
lutionists commonly are conspicuous ego
tists. Their tremendous anxiety for the
oppressed and the distressed often is
but a reaction to inward disappointment.
The average radical frequently enough
is merely a disillusioned conservative.
Hence the bickering and the strife which
may be found in any assembly of rebels.
But sincerity may be conceded to the
rank and hie of the proponents of drastic
social change. The majority of them are
no more selfish than the extreme re
actionaries among their foes. Their
error lies in their lack of knowledge
of thd experience of the human race.
Not one in a thousand of them under
stands how little effect planned economies
have had upon the progress of mankind.
Rather they are psychologically predis
posed to accept without question the

notion that peace and prosperity, justice
and equality, can be made to order. Have
not their leaders told them so?
The blame, then, must be attributed
to the self-delusion of great men who
are not quite great enough. A list yards
long might be compiled of Innovators
who. Intoxicated by their own uncritical
idealism, have retarded normal advance
ment by iU-advised schemes to speed up
the pace of social evolution. These are
the Rienzis and the Savonarolas, who
meant well but failed; the Lassqiles and
the Liebknechts, who should have been
wiser than to try.
Meanwhile, at Westminster Hall to
day there lies in death one who probably
never dreamed of a world arbitrarily
made perfect and yet who did much to
serve the race to which he belonged. Let
those who are impatient for rapid prog
ress consider the record of his labors
and the fruits of his achievements. He
could have done neither so well nor so
much if his brain had been inflamed
with revolutionary fever or his heart
embittered with partisan poison, class
consciousness and class hatred. Great
in the best meaning of the word, he was
satisfied to be cautious and slow, safe
and sane.
The death of Kipling deprived the
world of a great poetic thrill. He could
not have restrained the expression with
which a' loyal heart echoed the cry of
humble humanity. In the meantime,
Poet Laureate Masefield did his muse
honor by expressing his regrets in terms
of deep and decorous sympathy. /
A movie comedian offers a prize for
the best letter on how to keep the Na
tion out of war. The experiment of
laughing war off may be more successful
than soma of the other endeavors for
peace.
Ceremonials restore to Imagination
the. dignity of the old city of London.
Nevertheless, outside developments are
at present exercising tremendous influ
ence in the politics and commerce of
the realm.
No public speaker will ever convince
Senator Carter Glass that the Woodrow
Wilson administration did not have the
benefit of some of the most expert advice
available in matters of finance.
The campaign cannot be expected to
show its full vital possibility until the
Postmaster General decides to take
off his velvet gloves and give it his
undivided attention.
The Liberty League selected a banquet
hotel that will cause its members to refer
confidently to some of the speeches that
came across in the Mayflower.
In addition to showing sympathy for
the white-collar man, Mr. Hopkins does
not forget the smock of the painter or
the thespian grease paint.
Like the Supreme Court of the United
States, the old Democratic party asserts
claim to respect for dissenting opinions.
Shooting Stars.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Time the Conductor.
Old Father Time appeared, personified
As in a dream. He stepped along in
pride
Collecting fares in the old trolley car
Which we call life and hope to journey
far.
His voice our passing notice will engage
To stations marked from “Infancy to
Age.”
And now and then some passenger will
doze
Content and comforted to half repose,
Counting the benefits he has contrived
He murmurs to himself, “I have arrived!”
And Father Time as he alertly hears
The statement meant for self-approving
ears,
Will ring the bell and say while others
scoff,
“If You've Arrived—why Here’s Where
You Get Off!"
——— *
Fences.
"Are you expecting a neighborly atti
tude in public affairs?"
"Yes,” answered Senator Sorghum,
“and I’m not cheerful. Out my way we
try to mend fences, but angry neighbors
insist oil throwing garbage over them.”
Jud 'funkins says farming is getting to
be like show business. To make it suc
cessful you need unlimited financial
backing.
Monopoly.
I do not ask for ships at sea,
No railroads stretched afar;
Nor airships that appear to be
Swift rivals to each star
My fondest hope I will make known.
I’d seek no higher choice.
If all the radios I could own
For my exclusive voice.
superstition.
"Are you opposed to vivisection?”
“No,” answered the professor. "But
I cling to old superstition enough to
believe that when a dog howls it may
be unlucky for the reputation of re
spectable science.”
Amateur Weather.
In wintry days the weather ways
Are sadly insecure.
Performances that must amaze
We patiently endure.
Just as the skies begin to 6mile
A cold wave comes along.
The blizzards take the encores, while
The sunshine gets the gong.
"It’s no use tellin’ a man his troubles
are all his own fault,” said Uncle Eben.
"His family and friends told him all
about dat long ago.”
.
Misplaced Confidence.
From the Grand bland (Ntbr.) Independent.
The mule dealer who .claimed to stand
behind every mule he sold instill in the
hospital
THE POLITICAL
MILL
By G. Gould Lincoln.
How many Democrats will "take a
walk” with A1 Smith if the Democratic
national convention next June goes on
record as Indorsing the Roosevelt New
Deal? That is the burning question
which is burning up the high command
of the Roosevelt Democratic organiza
tion. They don’t know. Nor are they
able yet to make any kind of estimate.
The former New York Governor and
former Democratic' presidential nominee
said that he and the other Democrats
who believed in the principles of Jeffer
son, Jackson and Cleveland could do one
of two things if the party's national
convention wrote into the platform ap
proval of the New Deal and its admin
istration. They could, he said, "wear
the mantle of hypocrisy” or they could
"take a walk.” He added that they
probably would do the latter.
* * * *
It is a foregone conclusion that the
convention will nominate Roosevelt and
Garner again and that it will extol the
New Deal and the Roosevelt administra
tion. Admitting that premise, it looks
as though A1 Smith and his friends will
be "taking a walk.” Just what does that
mean? Does it mean that they will put
up an independent Democratic ticket,
that they will support a Republican
nominee or that they will just stay away
from the polls? Smith said at the
American Liberty League dinner that
he was not going to be a candidate for
any office. Undoubtedly he meant what
he said. If there is to be an inde
pendent Democratic ticket some other
nominee will have to be found. It seems
scarcely probable or possible that Smith
would ever vote and work for a Repub
lican nominee for President. He said
that he expected to die a Democrat.
* * * *
If Smith and a considerable number
of Democrats followed any one of the
three courses here mentioned it would
be a blow to Roosevelt’s chances of re
election. How many Democrats feel as
does Smith? There seems to be an in
creasingly large number of them. There
probably would be many more if A1
Smith went out and talked to the peo
ple, at political gatherings, as he talked
to the Liberty Leaguers Saturday night.
He has a great appeal to the common
man. He wras one of them. He has been
the champion of the people on countless
occasions. The setting for his address
Saturday night was not the kind of set
ting to which Smith was accustomed
in the old days. He was talking to men
and women representative of business in
a big way. He was talking not only to
Democrats, but also to Republicans. The
enthusiasm with which the Republicans
greeted his address was a high light. It
was indicative, however, of the change
which has come over part of the body
politic in the last few years.
Smith’s indictment of the Roosevelt
policies and administration can be
summed up in one brief statement—they
are not democratic, but socialistic. In
the end they will lead to bureaucracy
on a huge scale and to dictatorship. Can
he make this indictment stick?
^ * * *
The reaction to Smith’s speech from
the leaders of the Democratic party in
Congress and the leaders of the Roose
velt organization outside of Congress was
just what might have been expected.
They did not like It a little bit. They
are shouting and will continue to shout
“sour grapes” at the man whom they
once followed They picture him as
having sold out to big business and as
having forgotten the common man. And
the very fact th$t he appeared before
a gathering of what they call the
“privileged” to make his attack on the
Roosevelt administration is of course
seized upon to convey this picture. What
will the common man believe?
The fact that Smith has come out at
last with a blast, devastating in many
respects, against the Roosevelt New Deal
and its leaders is likely to encourage
other Democrats who do not believe in
either the New Deal or the President to
go and do likewise. Smith provides a
rallying post in himself. The Roosevelt
administration, however, is strongly in
trenched. It will have the backing in
the campaign of practically every Dem
ocratic office holder, and they are legion.
It will have the support of all the Dem
ocratic members of Congress, or very
nearly all. They must run on the same
ticket with Roosevelt next November.
Only very clear evidence that the New
Deal has lost majority support in State
and district could wean any of them
away. Generally speaking, they must
stand by the ship, sink or float.
* * * *
The Democrats who will applaud and
follow Smith in any "walk” that he may
take are not those in office. They are
| the "outs.” Some of them were at the
dinner Saturday night. There was a big
sprinkling of Democrats from Maryland,
with former Gov. Albert C. Ritchie at
their head. Howard Bruce, the Demo
cratic national committeeman, was there,
too. It is true that he attended the
recent Jackson day dinner, which Presi
dent Roosevelt turned loose on his crit
ics, referring to them as a "gang.” But
it looks as though Mr. Bruce's heart was
on the other side of the fence and with
Smith.
* * * *
Incidently, Mr. Ritchie's friends are
saying that the former Governor would
like to make the race for United States
Senator in Maryland in 1938. They say,
too, that if he does he can win over
Senator Tydings, the incumbent, who
comes up for re-election then. Mary
land Democrats are sick of the present
Republican Governor, Harry Nice, and
wish they had Ritchie back in that office,
the friends of Ritchie assert. Further
more, they insist that it was Tydings
who helped to put the skids under
Ritchie—an open foe of the Roosevelt
New Deal from its inception. It is pos
sible that former Gov. Ritchie himself,
being human, would not be averse to
supplanting Tydings.
* * * *
The Liberty Leaguers put on their
speaking program Saturday night, two
Democrats and one Republican, to as
sail the Roosevelt New Deal. The Demo
crats were Smith and Dr. Nell Carothers
of Lehigh University, and the Republic
an, former Judge Charles I. Dawson of
Louisville, Ky. And the man who acted
as toastemastei was a Democrat from
Birmingham, Ala., Borden Burr. Jouett
Shouse, president of the league, who
opened the proceedings, is a former
chairman of the Executive Committee
of the Democratic National Committee.
It looked like quite a Democratic party,
despite the number of Republicans on
hand. Both Carothers and Dawson were
severe in their attacks on the New Deal,
and both, like Smith, insisted that the
New Dealers had turned their backs on
the fundamental principles of the Ameri
can form of government.
♦ * * *
The Democratic attack on the Roose
velt administration and the New Deal
shifts this week to the South, to Macon,
Ga. There the Constitutional Conven
tion of Southern Democrats goes into
action Wednesday, with preliminary
meetings tomorrow afternoon. It has
been called jointly by Gov. Eugene Tal
madge of Georgia and John Henry
Kirby, a Texan, chairman of the South
rK
THIS AND THAT |
BY CHARLES E. TRACE*ELL.
\ -----
To a small circle of devoted friends,
Dame Clara Butt, who died in London
recently, was a lovely woman.
To a much larger group she was a
famous concert contralto.
To millions she was a tulip.
When her friends are gone, too, when
her fame as a singer has vanished, the
pink variety of tulip named in her honor
will rear its head in beauty each Spring.
Then, as now, her name will be pro
nounced by countless garden lovers, who
will not stop to realize that in naming
their favorite they are speaking of her.
This is immortality of a sort, and
surely one of the best, since it is linked
with Nature, the mother of all.
Great books may be destroyed, as in
the past great books have been.
Lovely songs may vanish in the mist
of years, as dreams of youth in the
harshness of old age, but as long as
Nature continues there will bloom cer
tain cup-shaped tulips of a beautiful
pink.
Men shall say then, and woman shall
say, and little children shall say,
wherever they are, “This is Clara Butt."
* + * *
Varieties of species of flowers are
mostly named in honor of famous per
sons.
To have these blooms in the garden
is about as near as thousands of persons
will ever come to meeting these great
ones.
It is a pleasant way.
We may have President Hoover, the
rose, and Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont, the
canna, and many more.
The list might be • extended almost
indefinitely, but this will be enough to
show what famous names one may have
in the smallest garden.
The Mrs. du Pont variety of canna is
one of the new type, with flowers of a
beautiful watermelon pink.
Those who think a canna necessarily
must be a vivid scarlet will be amazed
at the difference.
The ordinary gardener will like this
way of naming flower varieties. It gives
him a speaking acquaintance, literally,
with the famous, the distinguished, and
the rich.
There is no snobbishness in this at all.
People with a great deal of money have
the ability to have a great many flowers.
They are, in the best sense, patrons of
flowerdom. Under their direction pro
fessional gardeners work unceasingly, so
that when a new variety is evolved it is
habits of growth, certain lengths of time
to flowering. These names at the same
time, however, will be the real names
of very real persons, perhaps that of a
friend of the grower, or some professor
in college, or some one else he admires.
He asked the person if he would mind
if a certain flower, as yet unnamed,
were named after him.
The person said that he would be
honored, as who would not?
Thus there came into existence an
other flower variety name, to take its
place with the galaxy.
Some of these become very famous,
indeed, in the cluster of famous flower
names.
Others, of seemingly equal merit as
flower names, are seldom heard of, for
the garden public, too, is temperamental.
* * * *
One such flower name familier in our
fomilv 1b IViaf ftf Svrftn V Rmit.h.
We do not know who the real Mr.
Smith may be, but his name has been
a favorite in one family for the past
15 years.
This is the variety name of one of the
most beautiful of the older gladioli.
It, along with others of the group, is
not to be met with in flower catalogues
much any more, but its lovely shade of
orchid is at once masculine yet beautiful,
just as many a man’s character is beau
tiful though intensely masculine.
You will search through many grow
ers’ lists to find this one any more, but
it is still as fine a flower of its type as
ever was grown.
Combined with Elora, a delicate yellow,
another of the good old varieties, it
made as good a flower grouping as the
most discriminating would hope to see.
* * * *
Naming a beautiful flower after some
one is a delicate and appreciated compli
ment.
Flower naming, to distinguish different
varieties of the same species, is an art,
and is usually done on the high and
dignified plane of an art.
We have here no such foolery as is
seen in the naming of race horses, for
instance.
Nor, happily, is there any straining
nftpr thp nvprplahnrafpri namps nt nprii
uuij iiatui ai uuu ouun-uiuto aw oiiuuiu
be named after them.
* * * *
There are, of course, many flowers
named after those whom the English
would call, delightfully, persons of ut
terly no consequence.
But since such persons can be, after
all, very charming persons, it is only
natural that many a beautiful variety,
say of the gladiolus, is named after some
one of whom no one has ever heard
at all.
There are scores of varieties, partic
ularly in iris, gladiolus, and the rose,
which arc given the names of persons
well known to the growers, but scarcely
known to the public at large.
Every one who buys certain flowers
according to color, in any species, must
do so according to the variety name, by
which it is known in the trade.
Thus he will bring into his back yard
and become acquainted with, scores of
names, w’hich. to him. stand for a certain
color, or combination of these, certain
I
greed dogs.
One often wonders what the owners
of champion dogs call them in private.
Surely not the mouth-filling multiple
names given in the record^.
* * * *
Flower names, with few exceptions,
follow a certain formula, either the name
of a person, in full, or a first name, or
a single word to designate a certain
quality.
Such names, for instance, as Dr. W.
Van Fleet for the climbing rose and
Radiance for a bush.
The one now7 honors the memory of
the late Dr. Walter Van Fleet, famous
hybridizer of the Department of Agri
culture.
The latter indicates that the orig
inator of a very famous rose thought
it had a peculiar quality of its own.
Sturdy, perhaps, would have been a
good name for this particular rose, but
Radiance is better and now has many
years of use behind it.
Flower variety names are always in
teresting. well worth knowing and re
membering. A flower may be as sweet
by any other name, it is true, but after
a gardener has associated a certain name
with a certain flower he finds it appro
priate in a peculiar way and would not
willingly give it up.
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
Beyond all question, the high spot of
A1 Smith's Liberty League dinner blast
was the threat that he will bolt the
Philadelphia convention and the Roose
velt ticket if the President is renomi
nated on a platform indorsing the New
Deal. It hardly seems possible to place
any other construction on his assertion
that “disciples of JefTerson, Jackson and
Cleveland'' must either “put on the
mantle of hypocrisy” or “take a walk.”
The former Governor hastened to add
that “we will probably do the latter.”
Smith had previously affirmed that he
is “not a candidate for any office of any
party at any time.” although on its face
that statement does not exclude the
possibility that he might be persuaded
to accept a nomination. The generally
accepted theory among Al s enthusiastic
hearers was that, thoroughly as he may
detach himself from the campaign to
re-elect P. D. R. on a New Deal plat
form, he could under no circumstances
be induced to become a third-party
candidate against the President. A
“walk” away from Philadelphia and its
nominee may not lead to a Smith presi
dential candidacy, but no doubt can any
longer remain that the New Yorkers
influence will never be exercised on be
half of the second-term ambitions of
his old friend, the White House incum
bent.
* * * *
campaign in favor of prohibition repeal,
comes from famous political stock. She
is the daughter of the late Paul Morton,
one-time Secretary of the Navy, in the
Theodore Roosevelt cabinet, while her
paternal grandfather, the late Julius
Sterling Morton of Nebraska, was Sec
retary of Agriculture in the second
Cleveland administration. Under Mrs.
Sabin's animated direction women in
large numbers have identified themselves
with Liberty League activities.
* * * *
Many anti-bonus members of Con
gress. in both Houses, are giving expres
sion to the view that President Roose
velt's brief veto message was so fatally
lacking in fighting tone that it was
doomed to fail to produce sustaining
votes. Critics describe the 200-word
communication as so lukewarm, despite
its reminder of last year's vigorous but
widely forgotten veto, that the White
House could hardly have expected It to
change votes on any effective scale.
One week end theory was that the
President's mildness sprang from his
realization that any other attitude would
De love’s labor lost because of Capitol
Hill's well understood determination to
enact the bonus under any and all
circumstances. Some authorities dis
cerned Rooseveltian strategy in sub
mitting the message to the House while
the Senate was in recess, in the hope
that the interval would permit anti
Smith fully lived up to his reputation
of unfailingly providing a good show
whenever he makes a speech. Most of
the Liberty League diners had not heard
him in more than three years. They
found he has lost none of his flavor and
is the fighting, homespun, colorful A1
of yore, a master of pungent idiom and
still at the top of his form when he
does his favorite “let’s look at the rec
ord’’ stuff. He was in that familiar
stride when he tackled the 1932 Demo
cratic national platform and devastat
ingly took it apart, plank by plank.
Although Smith studiously cut out per*
sonalities, never once mentioning Roose
velt by name, his audience at no point
was left in doubt of the target at which
his barbs were aimed. It’s too early to
estimate to what extent, if any, “the
Happy Warrior” has damaged the Presi
dent's political fortunes. Smith retains
a considerable personal following all
over the country. If he dons war paint
in the coming national campaign, in
outright opposition to the New Deal, he
will at least divert many votes from the
Demn^rat.if! tirlcet.
UUUUO JJUW1IV. tv Itianc 1U1L **
felt among Senators before they voted
on the veto. As the zero hour ap
proached it seemed altogether unlikely
that the necessary veto-sustaining votes,
as in 1935, could be mustered in the
Upper House this time.
♦ * * *
Gov. Landon's friends are reported
to have no present plans for a speech
or any other activities by him in the
East for the purpose of promoting
his presidential cause in these parts.
The program is to concentrate for the
time being on mobilizing Landon
strength in the eight or ten States
more or less contiguous to Kansas, with
a view to preserving the identity of the
Governor's candidacy as essentially
Western and agricultural. The belief
is that uninstructed delegations from
other regions, especially the industrial
and financial Atlantic Seaboard, will
automatically gravitate in the Kansan s
direction at the psychological moment
in Cleveland. Landon's supporters claim
there is ample evidence that latent
Eastern sentiment is ready to be crystal
lized on his behalf whenever desirable
or necessary.
* * * *
* * * *
Mrs. Pauline Sabin, who sat alongside
former Governor Smith at the banquet
table of honor, heads the women’s divi
sion of the American Liberty League.
Mrs. Sabin, a former Republican national
committeewoman from New York and
moving spirit in the national women’s
ern Committee to uphold the Consti
tution.
The chairman of the Democratic State
Committee of Georgia, Hugh Howell,
will act as chairman of the convention
at is start and perhaps throughout.
Talmadge is the Democratic national
committeeman for Georgia. The woman
member from Georgia, Mrs. Susan Till
man Moore, will address the delegates.
The convention will accentuate the al
ready wide breach between the Roose
velt Democrats and the followers of
Gov. Talmadge in that State. Georgia
has been called the other home State cf
President Roosevelt. It would be a severe
blow to his prestige if Georgia should
send an anti-Roosevelt delegation to
the Democratic National Convention
next June. That, of course, is what
Talmadge la striving for.
Psychologist Walter B. Pitkin, wno
contributes a regular page to Jhe Farm
Journal of Philadelphia, seems to think
that the humble American mule is par
tially to blame for the failure of Musso
lini’s campaign in Ethiopia. Italy im
ported large numbers of the famous
United States Army beast of burden for
the African expedition, drawing supplies
mainly from Missouri and Texas. They
hoped that the mule would supplant the
camel as an effective transport animal.
But, according to Mr. Pitkin, "the big
American mule has failed because he
isn’t sure-footed enough for those hair
pin turns of the Ethiopian gorges. Nor
does he endure the awful shift from
noon heat to midnight frost up on the
plateaus. The only mule that endures
well there is the little African fellow.
And now Rome can pick up few of him,
for the supply never was large, and what
supply remains Is mostly in British
Sudan.”
(Oovnisbt. isse.)
ANSWERS TO
QUESTIONS
By Frederic J. Hoskin.
A reader can get the answer to any
question of fact by writing The Washing
ton Evening Star Information Bureau,
Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washing
ton, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. How long does It take a voter to
register his vote when a voting maehino
is used?—A. S.
A. The average length of time is less
than one minute.
Q. How many people in the United
States have been sterilized?—E. R. B.
A. Approximately 20,000 persons have
been sterilized under eugenic laws in 18
States.
Q. Was Andrew Carnegie a pacifist?
—S. T.
A. International peace was the end
toward which he directed his efforts.
He gave liberally of his money, time
and effort to advance this cause In
which he so heartily believed.
Q. In what book or play is there a
character named Bob Acres?—E. J.
A. He is a character in Sheridan’s ‘’The
Rivals,” celebrated for his cowardice and
his peculiar method of allegorical
swearing.
Q. What is the name of the prod used
by an elephant trainer?—W. R.
A. It is called an ankus.
mease give a msiory oi soap.—n. i.
A. Soap, both as a medical and cleans
ing agent, was known to the ancients,
Pliny speaks of two kinds, hard and soft,
as used by the Germans. He mentions
it as originally a Gallic invention for
giving a bright hue to the hair. It Is
probable that soap came to the Romans
from Germany. Although soap is re
ferred to in the Old Testament, authori
ties believe that ashes of plants or other
such purifying agents are implied. The
earliest kinds of soap appear to have
been made of goat's tallow' and beech
ash. As early as the thirteenth century,
however, a factory for making soap from
olive oil was established at Marseille.
Soap making was introduced into Eng
land during the next century.
Q. How long did it take to send anti
toxin into Nome, Alaska, by dog team
about 10 years ago?—P. C.
A. It was in 1925 that relays of dog
teams took the serum from Nenana to
Nome. It took 51* days to travel the 655
miles. The temperature was 50 degrees
below zero, F., and a blizzard was blowing.
Q. By whom and how old is the poem
beginning, "An old man, going a Iona
highway”?—W. R. B.
A. "Building the Bridge,” by Will Allen
Dromgoole, was published in her book,
"Rare Old Chums,” in 1898.
Q. What is meant by lustrum?—H. H.
A. This was the solemn offering made
for expiation and purification by one of
the censors in the name of the Roman
people at the conclusion of the census.
The animals offered in sacrifice were a
boar, a sheep and a bull. They were led
around the assembled people on tha
Campus Martius before being sacrificed.
As the census was quinquennial, the
word lustrum came to signify a period
fivo vpors
Q. How many periodicals are pub
lished bv Lloyd's?—E. L. M.
A. Lloyd's publishes six periodicals
connected with ships, cargoes and ship
ping law. Of these the best known is
probably Lloyd's List and Shipping
Gazette.
Q. Please give a biography of Mrs.
Russell Sage.—E. H.
A. Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage was
born at Svracuse, N. Y., in 1828. She
was graduated at Troy Female Seminary
in 1847 and. in 1869. married Russell
Sage. After the death of her husband
she began to devote his large fortune
to educational and religious purposes.
In 1915 the aggregate of her gifts ex
ceeded *23.000.000, the most important
being *10.000.000 for the establishment of
the Russell Sage Foundation. She died
in 1918.
Q. How many ballots were taken for
presidential candidate in the Democratic
Convention which nominated John W.
Davis?—M. H. T.
A. Davis was nominated in July, 1924,
on the 103d ballot.
Q. What is agio?—R. H.
A. It is the rate at which the money
of one country exchanges with the money
of another country. The term is also
applied to the rate at which a par
ticular kind of money, such as gold,
exchanges with another kind of money
I within the same country.
Q. How long has cholocate been used
as a food?—J. B.
A. Chocolate was used by the natives
of Central America long before Columbus
crossed the ocean. It is said that when
Cortez conqueied Mexico he found the
Emperor of that country drinking choco
late from a golden cup.
Q. Why is Portland cement so called?
—H. B.
A. The name is due to Joseph Aspdin,
a bricklayer of Leeds, England, who, in
1824, patented the method of making
cement and thought that the hardened
product bore a slight resemblance to a
famous building stone found on the
Isle of Portland.
Q. In what year did Dr. Coue visit
this country to disseminate his doctrine
of autosuggestion, "Every day in every
way I am getting better and better”?
—V. R.
A. He arrived in New York January
4, 1923. _
Q. How much money is spent In New
York City on New Year celebrations?
—J. B.
A. It is estimated that $3,000,000 wa«
spent there in welcoming 1936.
A Rhyme at Twilight
By
Gertrude Brooke Hamilton
Trailing a Fur Coat.
With the nonchalant ease of a diplomat
He carried a feminine coat and hat;
The shimmering coat of soft Persian
gray
And the graceful hat on his right arm
lay;
It looked a bit shady—
For where was the lady?
Had a gypsy bride shed them and fled
afar?
Or a pretty girl left the duds in his car?
They might have been smuggled from
oversea;
Or it might be a new murder mystery’.
It savored of mischance,
Of crime or of romance.
Yet the fact—far less shocking when
given away—
He was due for the part of a dame in a
play.

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