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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 02, 1936, Image 1

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(XI. S. Weather Bureau Forecast) The OTllv PVPnintT nanpr
Light rain, probably snow, and slightly . ,,, nl/. evening PaP®r
warmer; lowest temperature tonight about in Washington With the
34 degrees; tomorrow fair and warmer. AsfiOriatpri Prpee Mahjc
Temperatures—Highest, 40. at 3 p.m. yes- j , \reS?, JN®WS
terday; lowest, 26, at 7 a m. today. • ana WirephOtO Services.
Full report on page A-4.
Cloiin; New York Merkel,, P.,e 18__ WITH SUNDAY horsing IMTIOH__ Circulation Over 140,000
No. 33,543 g'.'r.mc*,* rSafiSfiSTg'S WASHINGTON, D. C„ MONDAY, MAKCH 2, 1936—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. *** on m..„. a..,o.,., p,,,.. TWO CENTS.
Eden Says Embargo Would
Be Declared if Other Na
tions Will Join—Peace
Parley Is Tomorrow.
Little Entente Spokesman Says
Duce Would Halt War if Given
Satisfaction—French Oppose Ir
ritating Fascists by New Coer
cion Measures.
Recent weeks have brought re
ports of marked, successes on part
of Italian troops in Ethiopia. At
same time, however, cost of main
taining highly mechanized and ef
fective army in Africa is becoming
major economic burden to Italy,
itself a poor nation. Added to the
"ordinary" expenses of the war are
increased burdens occasioned by
economic pressure being exerted
against aggressor by League of Na
tions. Threat of oil embargo, even
though its imposition seems un
likely, has caused real concern to
Mussolini, who now could agree to
peace without loss of prestige.
(Copyright, 1930. by the Associated Press.]
GENEVA, March 2.—Great Britain
offered today to place an embargo
against further oil shipments to Italy
provided all other members of the
League do the same, and the League
of Nationas council "Committee of 13"
was ordered to discuss the possibility
of conciliating the Italo-Ethiopian
The “Committee of 13“ is really the
entire League Council with Italy ex
cluded. It will be convoked tomor
Anthony Eden, British foreign sec
retary, made the British offer of an
embargo at a meeting of the “Com
mittee of 18“ industed with the ap
plication of sanctions against Italy
tor her war with Ethiopia.
The sole reservation attached to the
offer was that members of the
League which produce oil take similar
action to the British.
Pierre - Etienne Flandin, foreign
minister of France, called for the
quick meeting of the Committee of 13.
He read the resolution which cre
ated the Committee of 13 and defined
its conciliation functions.
Eden answered that he had no ob
jection to such a meeting or to new
efforts at conciliation, but he wished
to make it clear that Great Britain
was ready to proceed with sanctions.
Meanwhile, a little entente spokes
man announced receipt of information
that Italy’s domestic economic situa
tion was growing increasingly worse
under sanctions and that Mussolini
probably would be disposed to nego
tiate peace.
A necessity for exerting every effort
to halt the Italo-E'thiopian war was
the dominant note of private conver
sations at the Sanctions Committee as
sembled to take action on proposals
for an extension of sanctions.
One delegate told the Associated
Press: "The situation is critical.
There seems to be a growing move
ment to apply new sanctions and this
Will be dangerous.”
The spokesman for the Little En
tente said information to Czechoslo
vakia. Yugoslavia and Rumania, indi
cating the pressure of the present
arms, financial and economic sanc
tions on Italy, made it likely that a
peace "giving Italy satisfaction” would
be accepted by II Duce.
French Oppose Coercion.
The French representatives particu
larly seemed opposed to irritating
Mussolini with new measures of co
ercion. such as the proposed oil-coal
lron-steel embargo, under the condi
The danger to Europe of applica
tion of new sanctions upon Italy was
stressed by some delegates in private
conversations, including talks between
(See WAR, Page 3.)
Week End With Springlike
Weather Sends Thousands
Into Open.
Possibility of snow flurries was seen
by the Weather Bureau today, after
an almost Springlike week end.
The forecast called for rain late
today or tonight, "possibly mixed with
•now.” A minimum temperature of
about 34 degrees was predicted for
tonight, and the forecaster said there
was no indication of extremely cold
weather for the remainder of the
Thousands of city dwellers wel
comed yesterday’s comparatively mild
weather, flocking into the parks or
taking to their automobiles for drives
In the open. The Zoo had the largest
number of visitors since last Pall, and
other parks were equally crowded.
In prophesying more precipitation,
forecasters said there was little likeli
hood of floods in this area.
Yesterday’s average temperature
was only 4 degrees lower than the
average March 1 figure, the Weather
Bureau reported. The maximum was
40, recorded at 3 p.m., and the lowest
39, registered about midnight.
The mild temperatures revived the
old adage about March "coming in like
a lamb and going out like a lion,” but
Weather Bureau experts merely
laughed and said:
"Hmpf! Just an old Indian tradi
tion. And we have no faith in itt”
Severson Refuses to Reply
to Question of “Forgery"
in Telegrams.
Congressional prober No. 1 since
death, of Senator Walsh of Mon
tana has been Senator Black, Ala
bama Democrat. After “cleaning
up" in the air and ocean mail con
tract inquiry, Black turned his
talents last Summer to investigat
ing representatives of special
groups, particularly the “vested in
terests,” who attempt to sway
members of Congress from strict
devotion to the greatest good for
the greatest number.
Because of their vigorous oppo
sition to power yardsticks and
holding company dissolution, the
j public utilities were placed under
| the spotlight; so popular, in fact,
j did Ace Lobbyist Hopson of Asso
i dated Gas & Electric become that
House and Senate committees
were openly fighting for his pres
ence on the witness stand.
This Winter, Black Committee
j has stage to itself for present.
Shortly after Silas H. Strain's Chl
i cago law firm had secured in Dis
j trict Supreme Court a temporary re
< straining order enjoining the West
ern Union Telegraph Co. from turn
I ing over its telegrams to the Senate
Lobby Committee, S. L. Severson. Buf
falo utilities executive, today declined
; to answer certain questions asked by
j the Senate investigators for fear of
j "incriminating” himself.
| Severson's action came after com
mittee members had charged him with
"forging” the names of other per
■ sons to telegrams urging members of
Congress to oppose the Wheeler-Ray
burn utilities holding company bill.
After Severson had admitted sign
ing names of relatives and friends in
Wisconsin to telegrams without their
j permisison, Senator Schwellenbach,
Democrat, of Washington, asked Sev
erson, vice president of two subsid
iaries of Henry L. Doherty & Co., if
this did not constitute "forgery.’*
interrupted oy Attorney.
Severson, after some hesitation,
started to reply, but was interrupted
by LawTence G. Williams, an attorney
for the Republic Light, Heat &
Power Co. of Buffalo.
Williams announced that he wished
to advise the witness not to answer
(See'LOBBYTPage A^L)
Mrs. Beatrice Flora Gauthier
Pleads Not Guilty in Po
lice Court.
Mrs. Beatrice Flora Gauthier was
held under bonds totaling $3,500 in
Police Court today after pleading not
guilty before Judge Gus A. Schuldt
to charges of false pretense. Mrs.
Gauthier was arrested Saturday night
by check squad detectives after she
is alleged to have passed worthless
checks for a total of more than $700.
The fashionably-dressed woman,
who, police say, is educating two
daughters in exclusive French schools
and who claims to have a $95,000
farm in Maine, was held for the grand
jury under $1,000 bond on a charge
of gviing a $407 check drawn on the
Second National Bank to Stanley H.
Horner, Inc., in*payment for an auto
Accused of giving five other checks
for small amounts to Washington mer
chants, she pleaded not guilty and
demanded a jury trial. Bond was set
at $500 on each of the counts.
Near-Victims of Plot Meet
With Rest of Cabinet to
Choose Leader.
Since last Wednesday morning.
Japan has been in throes of armed,
rebellion and, political unrest.
Crisis teas precipitated by election
victory of “conservative" faction.
Extremists, anxious for more ag
gressiveness in Asiatic campaign
and for unlimited increase in naval
armaments, assassinated several
government bfficials and resisted
subjugation until end of week,
when leader committed suicide and
others surrendered.
Premier Okada. at first reported
slain, reappeared, but is reported
ready to resign.
By th» Associated Press.
TOKIO, March 2.—Three distin
guished near-victims of assassination
in Tokio’s short-lived army insurrec
tion met at the Imperial Palace to
day. with other leaders of the empire,
seeking a man brave and powerful
enough to head the government.
Premier Keisuke Okada, whose place
before the assassins was taken by his
brother-in-law; Prince Kimmochi
Saionji. veteran elder statesman, who
fled safely from an attack, and Count
Nobuaki Maklno, former lord keeper
of the privy seal, who escaped unhurt
from an attack on his villa, attended
the council of state.
Their principal task, with Okada
remaining as premier until his suc
cessor may be chosen, was to restore
national unity, courage and confi
dence. shaken by the tragedies of last
(See PREMIER, Page 3.)
$12,000 REPORTED
Nats’ Holdout Second Baseman
Comes to Terms With
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star. .
ORLANDO. Fla., March 2.—Buddy
Myer, 1935 American League batting
champion and field captain of the
Washington ball club, finally came tc
terms today and signed for the 1936
Myer, who promised to be a stub
born holdout unless he was giver
a substantial raise in recognition ol
his work last year, agreed to terms
following a long conference this morn
ing with President Clark Griffith,
As customary with Griffith, terms
were not disclosed, but it is believed
that Myer will receive $12,000.
The signing of the crack second
baseman reduced the number of hold
out players to two. They are Out
fielder Johnny Stone and Pitcher Earl
Whitehill. Both are expected to drop
into the Orlando training camp at
any time for conferences with Grif
fith, although the Washington club
president has not heard from either
A few days ago he wired a final
offer to Stone. The contract was be
lieved to have called for $7,590. White
hill has been offered a bonus contract
by which he will receive his 1935 sal
ary in the event he wins 15 games
this year. He has not agreed to date.
Train Smashes Truck.
PETERSBURG, Va., March 2.—E,
T. Donovan, 35, of this city, was
killed today when the gasoline truck
he was driving was struck by the
Orange Blossom Special, crack Sea
board Airline passenger train, at a
grade crossing here.
Representative J e n c k e s’
Charge Brings Quick Reply
From School Board Head.
Ellenbogen Demands Cross-Ex
amination of Indianan—Mav
erick Defends Teachers.
Charges of 'neglect and Inefficiency”
in the conduct of the' schools and
management of school finances by
the Board of Education, made by Rep
resentative Jenckes, Democrat, of In
diana, at the hearing today on the
Sisson bill to repeal the red rider,
brought a quick reply from Mrs
Marion Wade Doyle, president of the
board, who defied her to prove hei
assertions. Mrs. Doyle accused the In
diana Representative of taking advan
tage of the hearing for publicity pur
Representative Sisson, Democrat, ol
New York, autnor of the bill, alsc
answered Mrs. Jenckes and pointed
out that she had not discussed the
issue of teaching or advocating Com
munism in the public schools.
Declines to Be Questioned.
Mrs. Jenckes returned to the hear
; ing from a sick bed to make her state
ment. She declined to be questioned
however, by other committee mem
bers, pleading illness.
As the two sides clashed. Chairman
Kennedy. Democrat, of Maryland
several times was forced to rap foi
order to halt the outburst of applause
and hisses that greeted the state
Most of the witnesses in behalf ol
the bill were heard at the morning
session, but fcisson expects to take
seme time himself to ask approval ol
his repealer.
Proponents of the red ban waited
to be heard, headed by Gen. Amos A,
Fries and George E. Sullivan. Ken
nedy. nevertheless, hoped to end the
! hearings today, although they will be
resumed “within a day or two" to re
ceive a detailed brief promised by Mrs.
Jenckes to support the charges she
made in her formal statement.
Statement Attacked.
Representative Ellenbogen, Demo
; crat, of Pennsylvania immediately at
j tacked Mrs. Jenckes' statement.
I “These are serious charges," Ellen
| bogen said, “and I object to receiving
a brief unless the lady can be cross
i examined."
Kennedy ruled that the Jenckes
I brief will be received, but that th<
Board of Education will be given s
chance to be heard.
Representative Maverick. Democrat
of Texas, foe of the rider, was th(
first witness to be heard.
The hearing today was transferrec
to the House caucus room because
the crowd overflowed the Districl
Committee room.
Injuring District's Cause.
Maverick, the first witness, said he
had defended Communists because
they, too, are entitled to free speech
But today, he added, he was there tc
defend teachers against whom nc
charges have been made.
The Texan contended the Board ol
Education has the right to run its
own affairs, and if it fails, then kick
its members out.
Proponents of the red rider, Mav
erick said, are injuring the cause ol
the District’s desire for greater par
ticipation in its own government b\
running to Congress for the legisla
He criticized the American Legion
for failure to uphold its own consti
tution. The citizens of Washington
he said, may eventually have cause tc
regret the red rider. The so-called
“military group" Maverick invited t<
"tend to their own affairs.”
“I’m against advocating communisn
in the public schools.” he continued
"And if I were in charge of the
schools, and I found a teacher advo
cating communism, I would throw
him out in 24 hours.”
Maverick read a definition of com
munism, and then said “name cal
lers” class all those who disagree a:
(See RED RIDER, Page A-87)
Police Asked to Find John Dura}
Shell, Missing From Gro
cery Store.
Police were asked today to institute
a search for John Duray Shell, 21
year-old Sanitary Grocery clerk, wht
disappeared shortly after 8:45 a.m
when he was sent on an errand bj
the manager of the store at 2301
Rhode Island avenue northeast, when
he has been employed about six weeks
Shell, who lives at 628 North Caro
lina avenue southeast, was reported
missing after he failed to carry out hi:
errand or return to the store. Police
broadcast a lookout for him at the
request of the store manager, R. L
Dement, Clinton, Md.
Readers' Guide
Answers to Questions.—A-10
Cross-word Puzzle_B-9
Editorial .—-A-10
Lost and Found..A-ll
Serial Story_B-5
Short Story_A-13
Society_ _.B-2
Washington Wayside—„A-9
Woman’s Features_B-8
Seven Others Overcome bv
Smoke Taken to
By the Associated Press.
WARREN, Ohio, March 2—Two
i persons plunged to their deaths today
and the fate of possibly 10 others was
unknown as fire of undetermined
origin raged in the three-story War
| ren Hotel, erected nearly 40 years ago.
i Seven others overcome by smoke
; were taken a hospital. M. T. Smith,
hotel manager, said 10 others might
tr trapped in their rooms.
The two dead were unidentified.
All available fire apparatus was
called into service as the fire gained
Additional equipment was rushed
from nearby Niles, Ohio.
The dead, a man and a woman, both
| middle-aged, were killed when they
1 fell or leaped from third floor win
dows as dense smoke poured from their
As the blaze progressed, firemen
warned thousands of spectators against
the danger of falling walls.
Two other persons were carried from
the brick structure. Firemen de
scribed their condition as serious.
Their identities were not immediately
One of the dead was tentatively
identified as Jack Meyers, a middle
aged resident of the establishment,
The blaze, of undetermined origin,
broke out in the three-story building
shortly before noon.
The dead man and woman, trapped
In their quarters, were seen by noon
day crowds to lean far out as smoke
poured from their windows.
Suddenly the woman screamed. Her
body fell to the pavement. It was
followed by that of the man. Death
resulted from injuries, firemen said.
Captured When Allegedly Stolen
Car Crashes Hack
' A colored youth was shot through
the leg by a policeman this after
noon following an automobile chast
through the northeast section, which
ended when the youth’s car crashed
into a taxi stand at First and M
streets northeast.
The driver of the fugitive car. Wil
liam S. Eskridge, 19. 200 block ol
Pierce street. A companion leaped
from the car and fled. Policemen
W. H. Bell and M. S. McCarthy ol
the Traffic Bureau said they pursued
Eskridge for more than a mile.
Bell shot Eskridge through the
fleshy part of the leg after the youth
is alleged to have made a threaten
ing move. Eskridge’s companion, Cal
vin Edwards, 17, colored, first block
of Florida avenue, was pursued on
foot by several hackers from the cat
stand and overpowered.
Edwards, who was bruised and
shaken in the automobile crash, wa;
treated at a hospital for laceration;
said to have been inflicted by the cat
drivers. Police quoted both youth;
! as admitting that the car was stolen
although the owner had not beer
found this afternoon.
The officers in the traffic patrol
car spotted the automobile at North
Capitol street and New York avenue
Schuschnigg and Goemboes Due
to See Mussolini Within
About Two Weeks.
By th» Associated Press.
ROME. March 2.—Informed sources
said today they expected Chancellor
Kurt Schuschnigg of Austria and Pre
mier Julius Goemboes of Hungary tc
come to Rome in about two weeks for
tri-power talks with Premier Mussolini,
It was said these talks probably
would serve to reaffirm the bases ol
the Rome agreement of 1934, when
Premier Goemboes, the late Chancellor
Dollfuss of Austria and Mussolini
signed three protocols looking toward
political rapprochement and the as
surance of the economic independence
of Austria.
'fapW.l Gof\
III EARL'TR) avoid)
Partially Blind,
Man Regains Full
Sight During Fire
Ability to See From
Both Eyes Is His Re
ward for Aid.
By the Associated rress.
WAYNESBURG, Pa., March 2.—A
fire restored full sight to Harry Stag
gers, oil field employe of Bristoria. in
Southwestern Pennsylvania’s oil fields.
With the sight gone entirely in one
eye. Staggers underwent an operation
several years ago to improve vision
in the other. Physicians promised no
sure cure, but said sight might be re
stored in the future.
Staggers resumed his work in the
oil fields, partially blind.
Flames swept through a compress
ing station. Staggers joined a bucket
After the fire had been extinguished
I he found his sight restored.
Staggers plans a visit to his doc
tors to learn if the excitement may
have aided in the cure—and whether
it is permanent.
President Signs New Aid
Bill—Regional Meetings
Are Called.
New Deal program of crop con
trol and cash benefits to farmers
was overthrown by Supreme Court
on January 6.
To replace it, Congress now has
enacted program of Federal sub
sidies through soil conservation
scheme. Principal objective of plan,
however, is to maintain agricul
tural income on what is considered
fair basis.
Administration will continue un
der old A. A. A., with provision for
State laws to be enacted during
next 'two years.
By the Associated Press.
High A. A. A. officials packed their
bags today to speed into the field and
launch the $500,000,000 soil conser
vation-subsidy bill which President
\ Roosevelt's signature has enacted into
I law.
The President announced yesterday
! that he had signed the successor to
A. A. A. late Saturday night, 55 days
after the Supreme Court struck down
the old farm program.
"I do not regard this farm act as
a panacea or as a final plan.” he said.
“Rather, I consider it a new basis to
build and improve upon, as experience
discloses its points of weakness and
of strength.
To Conserve Resources.
“Aiming at justice for agriculture
and self-interest for the Nation, the
plan seeks to salvage and conserve
the greatest values in human life and
resources with which this Nation is
(The law authorizes $500,000,000 in
rSelTPARMTPage A-4.)
Two Quakes Felt.
NEW YORK, March 2 (/P).—Two
earth shocks, centered about 6,100
miles from New York, presumably in
South America, were registered on the
Fordham University seismograph this
_ j
Finance Program to Push
Public Debt Past 31
Billion Mark.
With free spending the outstand
ing characteristic of Roosevelt ad
ministration, President last week
took his most determined stand in
favor of raising revenue to meet
Confining himself to financing
of new farm program and amortiz
ing bonus settlement, he proposed
levies sufficient to raise $786,000,
000 annually for next three years;
$620,000,000 annually for following
six years and $500,000,000 per year
thereafter. Latter is estimated cost
of permanent farm program.
By tin Associated Press.
The fight over Government spend
ing sharpened today as Congress
awaited President Roosevelt’s $786,
000,000 tax message and the Treasury
launched a *1,809,000.000 financing
operation, of which $800,000,000 is
new borrowing.
The loan operations will raise the
gross public debt to *31,300.000,000 on
April 15, a new all-time peak. The
administration contends cash fin
hand, which estimates say will total
more than $2,000,000,000 on April 15,
should be substracted from the gross
debt to get the actual debt.
The Chamber of Commerce of the
United States and the National Econ
omy League published statements de
manding retrenchment, the latter as
sailing what it termed "soak the
poor” taxation.
Congressional friends and foes of
inflation, income taxes, sales taxes
and other fiscal moves prepared to
seize upon the forthcoming tax mes
sage as an occasion to push their
favorite ideas.
ia> message axpeiiea.
The President’s message, recom
mending taxation to cover the $500,
000,000 farm program, the loss of the
invalidated A. A. A. processing taxes,
and part of the bonus payment cost,
was expected to reach Congress by
The President has set aside the
afternoon for completing the mes
sage. He will not deliver it in per
son. it was said at the White House.
Congress, which convened January
3, stood today at about the half
way mark of a projected four months
session, and it appeared that much
of the remaining time would be oc
cupied with fiscal controversies.
With such major issues as the
bonus, farm relief and neutrality
off congressional hands, the two para
mount topics remaining are taxes
and relief. Some weeks are expected
to elapse before the administration
submits its recommendations for
relief for the fiscal year beginning
next July 1. There have been indi
cations that officials will seek to
(See FINANCE, Page 5J
Dickens' Aide Dies.
KANSAS CITY. March 2 <£>).—
Charles Dickens’ errand boy to the
poor of London is dead. He was John
Bowyer Pain, 86, who told friends that
while working in a meat shop he often
rushed provisions to destitute families,
ordered for them by the famous author.
Pain was a retired glass company
executive. He came to America when
20 years old.
Orders All Departments to
Arrange for Deputization
of Persons Needed to Pro
vide Building Service.
Realty Advisory Board Head
Minimizes Situation, Claiming
Only 350 Structures Affected.
Strike Leader Claims 75,000
Will Be Out by Night.
New York controversy between
building employes and manage
ment has been going on for months.
Strikes of short duration were held
previously in downtown business
ricscni uuin-uut climaxes stale
mate between Building Service Em
ployes’ Union and Realty Advisory
Board. Union demands wage in
creases, hour reduction, closed shop
and improvement in working con
ditions. Refusing, Realty Board
insists granting of conditions would
mean higher rents, impairment of
property values and destruction of
managerial responsibility.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, March 2.—Mayor La
Guardia today proclaimed an emer
gency existed in the building em
ployes’ strike, which spread rapidly
through Manhattan’s residential and
business sections.
As the walkout spread shortly after
noon through the crowded midtown
business and garment area, the mayor
ordered all city departments to ar
range for deputization of all persons
needed to provide building service as
required by health and safety stand
Municipal employes encompassed by
the proclamation total more than
When he took the action, the only
buildings in which a walkout had not
been ordered w'ere the skyscrapers in
the financial district.
Merits Not Involved.
Mayor La Guardia emphasized that
his action did not concern the “merit*
of the controversy existing between
employes and owners’’ of the strike
affected buildings.
Hundreds of office and shop work
ers were marooned as the strike
reached into the populous garment
section in the midtown West Side.
Previously it had affected only the
residential districts north of that area.
Lobbies of some of the buildings
were congested as workers returning
from their lunches vainly tried to
ride to their offices aloft.
a statement minimizing the serious
ness of the strike closely followed the
mayor's proclamation. It came from
William Rawlins, executive of the
Realty Advisoiy Board of Labor Re
lations, which represents the building
owners in the strike.
Rawlins said that only 350 buildings
in the city were affected by the walk
out, and that in those buildings the
strike was not 100 per cent effective.
A replacement force was ready to
take the places of all elevator oper
ators and other building employes who
left their jobs, he said.
Walkout Averted.
A threatened strike of hotel em
ployes was temporarily averted. Plans
had been made to call out workers in
the Pennsylvania. McAlpin and Astor
Hotels, but James J. Bambrick, head
of the Building Service Employes’
Union, announced that certain key
(See STRIKE, Page A-5.)
Government Conciliator to Start
on New Tack to Bring
By the Associated Press.
AKRON, Ohio, March 2.—Goodyear
Tire & Rubber Co. spokesmen said
today union leaders had rejected the
management's first move toward nego
tiations to end a two-week strike
which has kept more than 14,000 per
sons idle.
Edward F. McGrady, Assistant Sec
retary of Labor, hastened back by
plane from Washington, determined
to "start in all over again—on a new
tack—and keep right at it” to bring
Law enforcement officials faced a
decision by the Central Labor Union
to call a general strike of all organized
Akron labor "if force is used against
picket lines.”
Goodyear spokesmen said the com
pany’s offer of a basis for negotiations
had been drafted by two of its attor
neys yesterday, following suggestions
by the Goodyear Industrial Assembly,
an employes organization which
unionists call a "company union.”
The spokesmen said it was to be a
verbal agreement, providing that the
plants remain closed while negotia
tions went on. that pickets be reduced
to two at each gate, instead of the 10
provided for in a court injunction ob
tained by the company; that nego
tiations be carried on by three men
from the industrial assembly, three
from the company and three from
the union; and that wages, hours and
seniority rights be negotiated.
Union leaders, said the spokesmen,
insisted on a written agreement; a
stipulation that the company have
the injunction vacated; that pickets
be reduced to five at each gate; that
the negotiating committee be com
posed of five from the company, in
cluding any industrial assembly men,
and five from the union.
U. S., in New Pact With Panama,
Abandons Intervention Right
Isthmian Country Also Wins Claim to
Have Canal Rent in Equivalent of
250,000 Old Gold Dollars.
By the Associated Preu.
In pursuance of President Roose
velt's "good neighbor” policy, the
United States today agreed to abandon
its right of intervention in Panama.
In a treaty signed by the two gov
ernments, the United States gave up
its right, held since construction of
the Panama Canal began, to main
tain "public order in the cities of
Panama, Colon, and the territories
and harbor adjacent thereto in case
the Republic of Panama should not be,
in the judgment of the United States,
able to maintain such order.”
That right was conferred on the
United States in the 1903 treaty which
has governed the relations of the
two countries up to the present and
which the new pact is designed to
The United States had contended
in the past that this clause authorized
it to intervene not only in the case
of actual disorder, but also in case of
a threatened disorder.
Panama objected, protesting this
specific grant of the right of inter
vention no longer was warranted un
der present conditions and was con
trary to the non-interventijn policy of
the Roosevelt administration.
It was recalled that, soon after
President Roosevelt assumed office, the
United States formally abrogated the
Platt amendment, which gave it the
right to Intervene in the internal af
fairs of Cuba.
The United States also abrogated
the article of the 1903 treaty by which
it “guarantees and will maintain the
Independence of the Republic of
It was eliminated on the contention
of Panama that it was in derogation
of that governments sovereignty. In
its place the new treaty established an
agreement between the two govern
ments on a policy of joint responsibil
ity and co-operation in furtherance
of their common interests.
Panama also succeeded, through
the new treaty, in its eflorts to obtain
; a larger rental on the canal from this
Government because of the reduction
in the dollar’s gold weight.
The pact included an arrangement
(See PANAMATPage A-4 j
IVoon Edition
The Noon Edition of The Stor offer being sold at
the introductory price of 1 cent during the past two
jj weeks is now firmly established among newspaper
: readers.
Commencing today, the introductory price is with
drawn and the paper hereafter will be sold throughout
the city through newsboys and newsstands at the regu
lar price of 2 cents per copy.
* . *
Coffee and Lemon Odors Help
Doctors Locate Brain Tumors
07 tuo ASBUUHlrCU ricds.
DETROIT, Mich., March 2.—
Physicians can now locate tumors of
the brain quickly and easily by hav
ing the patient smell the orodrs of
coffee and lemons.
This new use of the sense of smell
to locate growths which formerly have
been difficult to find was reported to
day t3*lhe annyal meeting of the
American College of Physicians by
Dr. Charles A. Elsberg of Columbia
University, New York City.
By carefully injecting these odors
into the patient’s nostrils while the
breath is held, Dr. Elsberg declared
it is possible to tell from the amount
of air given, the length of time it
takes for the patient to recognise the
odor it carries, and the particular
IUWUU U1W nuitu IV id UlJCVtCU JUdt
where the tumor is growing.
Ordinarily, he explained, odors
cannot be detected unless a person
inhales. However, it was found that
if a patient holds his breath and a
stream of odor-laden air is forced
into one or both nostrils, a point 1s
reached where the odor can be identi
fied. That point became the hey for
identifying the location of brain
Dr. Elsberg showed that if a tumor
is growing in such a way as to exert
pressure upon the nerves which con
trol the sense of smell the person af
fected cannot recognize the small
amount of odor which is apparent to
a normal person.

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