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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 12, 1936, Image 4

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Gartside Explains Projects
and Says Results to
Please Public.
••What are they doing to our parks?'.’
In many forms and from many sides
this question Is harassing park offi
cials, busy with a $1,000,000 P. W. A.
renovation project. And usually in
quiries are in a querulous mood which
will not brook a short answer.
It Is true several of the parks are
"all tom up.” as the protesting citl
een points out, and It Is equally true
that screeching steam shovels have
disturbed havens of pastoral beauty,
and that raw, red earth has replaced
meandering walks and beds of flowers.
Wide walks of concrete base are
being laid, trees moved, shrubbery up
rooted and carted away and lawns
tom by the heavy feet of workmen.
Straight lines are being substituted
lor curves on a scale to suggest the
query, “Is geometry displacing sym
“A bunch of New Deal schoolboys
are tearing up the park system.” say
the objectors. “Why take the lilacs,
the roses and the pansies out of the
midcity parks? That is the only
place many of us can see them Con
centration of flowers in one place will
deprive us of enjoying them. Besides, !
they did that at the pansy bed in
Potomac Park and along came the
flood and wiped out the pansies.
Object to Concrete.
“Parks shouldn't be such formal
places with walks as straight as a
idie and trees planted like soldiers
at attention, but cozy spots, where one
may rest.
“And these broad walks! We don’t
'want our parks concreted. All that,
aurfape will draw the Summer heat.”
Says Acting Supt. of National Cap
ital Parks Frank T. Gartside: "Wait
until we have finished and see the
result before you criticize. Capable
men have prepared our plans. You
will not be disappointed in the fin
ished product. If there is a differ
ence of opinion when the project is
completed, we will be glad to talk
things over with the public.”
Financed Dy fuouc wo:as Adminis
tration funds, some 70 projects now
are going forward with the inten
tion of providing more orderly and
economical maintenance through re
arrangement of existing material. In
addition, many parks are receiving
much-needed reconditioning and re
pair after years of neglect.
Young Men in Charge.
The program was prepared in the
Branch of Plans and Designs of the
National Park Service, which assign
ed a unit to the National Capital
Parks, under the local superintend
ent, C. Marshall Finnan. Molcolm
Kirkpatrick, resident landscape ar
chitect of the National Capital Parks,
is in charge. His associate landscape
architect is John L. Paolano. Most
of his assistants are young.
The plans they prepared received
the approval of Finnan and Arno B.
Cammerer, director of the National
Park Service. In addition, the Fine
Arts Commission gave its approbation.
John Nolen, jr., director of planning of
the National Capital Park and Plan
ning Commission, initialed a number
of plans himself, and the commission
Inspected the plans and did not object.
The District Commissioners were told
what was to be done.
Gartside explains to those who voice
their objections to him that many
things the public never sees, such as
underground water supply and drain
age systems, now are being installed.
Some of the sewers have become
clogged with silt or the roots of trees
and part of the system is 50 years old.
The exhausted soil must be replenished
With fertilizer or new top soil.
Since maintenance funds have
lagged for many years, officials feel
particularly fortunate in being able to
get P. W. A. money for work which
will reduce upkeep materially in the
Results to Last 20 Years.
“Mr. Finnan spends nearly as
much in maintenance and operation
as we are spending on this program,
the results of which probably will last
20 years," declared Kirkpatrick.
Generally, flowers are being con
centrated in large beds, park walks
widened so that benches may rest
upon concrete, thereby avoiding dam
age to lawns, and many existing
plants replaced by material which will
thrive at little expense. Rearrange
ment of walks has necessitated trans
planting of trees. Walks will have
a concrete base and black tops to
avoid glare.
MutMtMWkiwu V* ViiV UUOilCO JU
the triangle bounded by Eighteenth
and H streets and Pennsylvania ave
nue, has caused much protest. The
reason is lilacs are hard to grow this
tar South, It is said. Hardy horn
beams and white and pink flowering
hawthorns will be substituted.
The little sycamores in the triangle
have been moved out so that larger
sycamores may be planted. Other
rows of sycamores and a privet hedge
are being planted to screen parked
cars on Eighteenth and H streets. A
12-foot walk with benches and an
ornamental wrought-iron fence will be
Work in Lafayette Park.
In Lafayette Park, the other reser
vation where activity Is most notice
able, the double central walk, run
ning north and south, and the ellipti
cal walk are being preserved. The
urns have been moved 100 feet, one
to the east and the other to the west.
All the flowers have been taken from
the six beds and will not be re
placed; neither will the splrea and
mock orange. A Japanese yew hedge
will be planted around the Jackson
Statue and sufficient oaks will be
added to line both sides of the double
walk. No trees have been moved out
of the park.
Franklin Park soon is to be re
juvenated. The entire walk system
and the pool are coming out. Four
flower beds will be removed and not
replaced. Groups of shrubbery in
poor condition will be moved. The
plan calls for planting of nine wil
low oaks, 800 European hornbeams,
630 rock cotoneaster, 900 Japanese
yew and 1,000 wintercreeper. The
plan was evolved after four different
studies. The new w'alks will be 12
feet wide and curved, conforming to
the topography and preserving exist
ing trees. In the central area will be
a small paved court of flagstone, In
which shade trees will be planted.
There will be an oval fountain with
two fountain heads, each composed
of-12 jets and shooting an eight-foot
column of water.
The reason, by the way, that straight
walks are being substituted for mean
dering, curving walks, Is that people
Insist on taking short cuts which
ruins the grass. When the walks are
straight, the people stay off the grass
—and on the walks.
Small City Parks Undergoing Major Operation
__ K IT. M.W.
* i
t; • .
? «
I ST. N.W.
Franklin Park as it is today.
K ST. N.W.
Franklin Park as it will be. Note the “formal” treatment. _
(Continued From First Page.)
continuing the process to a still higher
The decision to tax stock dividends
where possible was based on the idea
that corporations, especially those with
few stockholders, would distribute
large blocks of stock as a means of
bolding down their taxes.
Under the revenue plan, corporate
income would be taxed according to
percentages of Income withheld from
distribution, while dividends to stock
holders would be taxed under normal
and surtaxes under the individual in
come schedules.
The program contemplates raising
$591,000,000 from the new corporate
tax system, $100,000,000 from a "wind
fall” tax on processors to recapture
unpaid or refunded A. A. A. processing
levies, $83,000,000 from temporary re
tention of capital stock and excess
profits taxes and $25,000,000 from Im
posts on corporation dividends to for
Must Await for Draft.
At the close of an afternoon com
mittee session, Hill announced that
"we have gone about- as far as we
can until we get an actual draft of
a bill.”
He said the drafting service would
go to work immediately and the sub
committee would meet around the
middle of next week to pass on the
actual legislative language.
Just how much of a plug will be
provided for the loophole of stock
dividends was questionable. Repre
sentative Vinson, Democrat, of Ken
tucky said he thought it would be a
real one and would bring in money
that is not being collected under the
present tax system.
ne said ne unaeisiuu a un, ui
rations distribute stock dividends in a
manner that would change the inter
est of stockholders in the companies.
Hill said, however, that in so far as
stockholders are treated alike in the
matter of stock dividends—which is
the usual practice—taxes cannot be
applied to such dividends.
Seeking to strike at another possible
source of tax avoidance, the subcom
mittee spent most of the afternon re
arranging the plan for taxation of for
eign corporations and non-resident
“Windfall” to Be Accepted.
The subcommittee chairman said,
moreover, that the proposed "windfall”
tax would be accepted practically as it
now stands, as would a provision for
refunds on floor stocks that absorbed
A. A. A. processing taxes. The mem
bers, he added, agreed that refunds
also should apply to processed com
modities on which the A. A. A. levies
were paid if they were exported or sold
to tax-exempt institutions, such as
charitable agencies.
With reference to the foreign cor
porations and non-resident aliens, Hill
said the subcommittee agreed on:
A 22 H per cent tax on income de
rived from sources within the United
States by foreign corporations with
established offices in this country.
A 15 per cent tax withheld at the
source on income derived from Ameri
can sources by foreign corporations
without branches or offices in this
A 10 per cent withholding tax on
income other than that from foreign
corporations operating in the United
States obtained by non-resident aliens
from sources within this country.
A 10 per cent withholding tax on
income of non-resident aliens from
dividends of foreign corporations with
establishments in the United States
and doing 75 per cent, or more, of
their business in' this country.
Scrap Withholding Tax.
Thus the subcommittee scrapped a
plan for a 22t* per cent withholding
tax on all dividends collected by for
eigners from sources within this coun
try and an accompanying privilege of
filing tax returns that might entitle
them to refunds if the 22 Vi per cent
amounted to more in actual amount
than the tax they would pay as shown
by the returns.
The Treasury, it was- learned, recom
mended the 10 per cent substitute as
the highest rate that could be ap
plied without running into prospects
of diminishing returns.
Vinson said he thought it would
mean quite a bit more revenue and
would lessen chances of withdrawal of
foreign money from investments in
this country.
Reports that the committee or some
of its members had discussed a pro
posal to alleviate the immediate bur
den of the proposed surplus tax on
corporations by postponing Imposition
of the levies under the social security
act. brought protest from John G.
Winant. chairman of the Social Se
curity Board. He held that the plan
would operate to penalize unjustly the
11 States and the District of Columbia
which have enacted unemployment
legislation covering about 40 per cent
of the pay roll subject to the social
security act.
Ooats Eat Young Trees.
In Greece, as in so many places in
the Mediterranean, goats, roaming
unchecked, eat every seedling tree be
fore it has a chance to grow to any
■I May be destroying vital t 1 *1
■| parts of your property. VAI ■
■ DEMAND protection that £| ip
■ BONDS year contractor to (W II
■I remain in bneineia FIVE .y f.
Dies in Crash
The export manager of the
Eagle Pencil Co., New York,
was drowned yesterday when
the Puerto Rican Clipper over
turned in the harbor at Port
of Spain, Trinidad. He wai
making a seven-month busi
ness trip through Pan
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Chureh of Josus Christ
of Latterday Saints j
16th St. and Colombia Road
Weekly Program:
Sunday: 10 a.m.—Sunday School. ’
_ 7 p.m.—Worship-Preaching.
Tuesday: 4 D.m.—Primary Assn, (for
children). ,
8 p.m.—M. I. A. (for young people).
Wednesday: 8 p.m.—Women’s Relief
Society. . _
Thursday: 8 p.m—Genealogical Class
(first and third. In Congres
sional Library).
MwardP.TtImban* Organist.
Public cordially Invited tn nil enactions.
(No collodions)
(Continued from First Page.)
“the accident could not have happened
if it had been light.”
Iturbi said he particularly regretted
the death of Brough, an examiner
attached to the Royal Academy of
Music, who was touring the British
West Indies conducting musical exami
Brough had contemplated leaving
Fort-of-Spain or Demerara Thursday,
but had remained to spend Good Fri
day in Trinidad. ,
Within a few minutes after the acci
dent, the Clipper was surounded by
motor boats and saivage crews who
had dashed out to shore.
The bodies of the drowned men were,
found inside the plane, where 'hey had
been trapped The two dead passen
gers still had their safety straps around
their waists.
So He Reported, but Wife Says
He Left It at Home.
DES MOINES. Iowa (/P).—Municipal
Judge Ralph Powers complained to
detectives that some one "stole my
rain coat right out of my office.”
The detective conferred with other
occupants of the building, then he
called Mrs. Powers.
“The judge's slicker Is at home,”
she said. “I hung it in the closet
were it should be. That's probably
why he couldn’t And it.”
K Tomorrow at Noon..
II Opens For Your Pleasure
fl ^ new Colonial tap room wor
H; thy of the reputation en- /;ltM
^E joyed by the famous old Raleigh f[J»^
j^p Bar of yesteryear. Novel and in
timate ... a chummy place to ^
BL_ meet your friends and enjoy de
^p7 licious imported and domestic
beverages at popular prices. Phil
Diamond’s guitar novelties will
entertain you during the cock
tail hour. Informal music from
K 5 to 7.
_ Located on the Lobby Floor.
^EET Direct entrance from
Pennsylvania Avenue.
i *
T/ie par/c at Eighteenth street and Pennsylvania avenue in
process of transformation. Note the elimination of the old
curving sidewalks, replaced by wide concrete walkways. The
lilac bushes, removed, will be replaced with shrubbery better
adapted to the climate of Washington.
—Star Staff Photo and Artist.
Denies He Had Knowledge
Supplies Were to Be
By the Associated Press.
A "yes" and “no" answer was given
the House Military Affairs Committee
yesterday to the question whether the
War Department knew in 1932 about
plans to divert surplus supplies from
charity to business.
Frederick H. Payne. Assistant Secre
tary ol War in the Hoover administra
tion, said he did not know about such
Lieut. Col. William R. Gruber, who
was on duty in Paynes office at the
time, told the committee he had in
formed Payne of the plans for the
Payne, sitting beside Gruber as the
latter made the statement, smiled and
said he had “no recollection" of the
report. •
Quizzed About Letter.
Chairman McSwain asked Payne
about a letter written in July, 1932,
signed by Payne, and addressed to the
then Attorney General, which indi
cated surplus goods intended for chari
table use had been diverted.
Payne testified he had not read the
six-page letter, but was acquainted
with its general content. Testimony
showed the letter was prepared in the
quartermaster general's office and
Payne said he considered it more, or
less, a form letter.
The committee had before it Gru
bers testimony that in 1931 Joseph
Silverman, surplus goods dealer, came
to his office and told him Robert J.
Byers, a Michigan American Legion
official, and George S. Kreiger were
considering obtaining surplus goods,
ostensibly for charity, and converting
them to their own use.
Denies He Had Information.
Gruber said he passed this informa
tion on to his superiors, including
Payne. The latter said he had no rec
ollection of this, and added that if he
had known it in February, 1932, Byers
would never have received shipments
of Army clothing. Michigan's allot
ment of the surplus goods was sent
to Byers.
Byers and Kreiger were convicted in
New York of conspiracy to defraud
the Government, but the verdict was
reversed on a technicality, and th(
case is still pending.
The name of W. Frank James oi
Michigan, former Republican chair
man of the Military Committee, no*
its investigator, was brought into th<
inquiry by Representative Rogers
■ Democrat, of New Hampshire.
Gruber testified that James callec
his office in January, 1932, and in
quired the status of surplus good!
shipments to Michigan and othei
Gruber said he told James he un
derstood Byers was associated with "i
man named Kreiger, who had a ba<
“It was unusual for James to cal
me.” said Gruber. “I had little o
no contact with any congressmen.”
Brewery Bricks for School.
PITTS FIELD, Mass. (fl*).—Brick,
from a long-idle brewery will be use<
to build a parish school here.
Rev. Levi Achim, pastor of Notr
Dame Church, said he had bought i
half million used bricks from th
brewery for the school.
Unaw are of Plan
Former Assistant Secretary of
War, who yesterday denied
knmoledge of plans to divert
surplus Army supplies from
charity to business.
—Harris-Ewing Photo.
Special Report Shows Pay
Ranges Between 3 Cents
and $1 Per Hour.
By the Associated Press.
N. R. A.-Commerce Department re
search experts assembled yesterday
what they described as the “most com
plete picture” of American wages and
hours ever put together, showing hour
ly wage rates running from as low as
3 cents to more than a dollar.
The special report, based on employ
ment between 1929 and 1935, disclosed
a work week ranging from as low as
10 hours to more than 60.
Covering 303 different industries,
Leon C. Marshall, director of the work,
said the report contained “more spe
cific information on hours and wages
in American industry than is contained
In all the State and Federal depart
ments of labor.
The research is one of more than
a hundred, now virtually completed,
analyzing the results of N. R. A. to
furnish a factual basis for any similar
legislation proposed in the future.
In Higher Brackets.
"A most cursory review of this ma
terial explains, in part,” Marshall said,
"the conditions which N. R. A. sought
to correct.”
Among industries showing the high
er wage rates were the automobile,
electrical, print roller, chemical and
printing ink. The other end of the
scale was shown in a study of wages
paid pecan pickers in San Antonio,
Tex., where the range was from 2.5
cents to 9 cents an hour, as of De
cember 15, 1934.
Figures on the iron and steel in
dustry indicated the effect of exemp
tions from N. R. A. code hours, about
10 per cent of the industry’s pay roll
being freed from the code limita
Nearly 62 per cent of mining em
ployes in the ball clay producing in
dustry received less than 25 cents an
hour, while 51 per cent were paid
between 10 cents and 20 cents, as of
May-August, 1933.
South on Low Scale.
In the excelsior industry in Febru
ary, 1934, Northern male workers re
ceived 39 cents an hour as against 29
cents for women. Southern men work
ers were paid 27 cents as against
22.5 cents for women.
In the hardwood distillation indus
! try in July, 1929, no worker was paid
less than 10 cents an hour. In June,
1933, out of a total of 2,122 workers,
i 295 received less than that amount
J and the higher brackets of from 40
j cents up had disappeared,
i An indication of office employes'
| pay during the depression was given
in data for the auction and loose-leaf
warehouse industry. In the 1932-33
peak season, 75 per cent were paid
less than $12 a week, while 17.5 per
cent received $3. or less. Two office
employes in the industry received more
than $25.
Differences between Southern and
Northern wages were Indicated in fig
ures for the cottonseed oil refining
Industry. In June, 1933, 27.7 per
cent of the Southern workers were
, receiving less than 25 cents an hour.
Only 0.4 per cent of Northern workers
were paid such a scale.
Name Not on Ticket, but Mrs.
Herd Takes Mayor's Election.
KEVIN, Mont., April 11 OP).—Mrs.
Evaline Herd's name did not appear
on the municipal ballot, but she was
elected mayor of this northern Mon
tana village by a margin of six votes.
The official vote canvass showed her
name was written in on 47 ballots.
Albert Ooeddertz, mayor since 1923
and a candidate for re-election, re
[ ceived 41 votes.
Santiago Terror Suspects
Rounded Up After 5
By the Associated Press.
SANTIAGO, Cuba, April 11—Two
deaths in five bomb explosions in less
than 24 hours threw *his city into a
state of excitement tonight as police
rounded up terrorist suspects.
Seven persons were arrested charged
with terrorism, including the explo
sion of a bomb at the door of the *
United States consulate last night.
William P. Blocker. United States
consul, said he could not guess the
motive for the bombing of the consu
late, but asked that the chief of police
furnish protection for the building.
Two 10-year-old children, Armelio
Trinchet and Armando. Garcia Bar
gallo, died 'shortly after the bomb,
which they found, exploded as they
were tossing it around.
The tw o bombs exploded at the end
of the Good Friday services, which
Provisional President Jose A. Barnet
came here to attend. Comdr. C. M.
Cooke, commandant of the Guanta
namo United States Naval Base, is
expected to come here aboard the
destroyer to participate in a reception
in honor of President Barnet.
Executive Vice President of A
A. A. Will Be Buried In
Rock Creek Cemetery.
Funeral sendees for Ernest N.
Smith, 51, executive vice president of
tfce American Automobile Association,
will be held at 3 p.m. today in Friends
Meeting House, 2111 Florida avenue.
Dr. Augustus Murray will officiate.
Burial will be in Rock Creek Cemetery'.
Pallbearers will be Alvin Dodd of
New York, James Hooper, Baltimore:
Felix McWhirter, Indianapolis: Merle
Thorpe, Russell E. Singer and A. J.
Montgomery, all of Washington.
Mr. Smith died Friday at his home,
2400 Sixteenth street. His death end
ed a long career in trade executive,
advertising, publishing and organiza
tion fields. He had been in charge of
the national headquarters of the A.
A. A. since 1924.
English Press Copying U. S.
English journalism is steadily be
coming more and more American.
■"■W/77/ THIS COUPON^*"*
The Upstairt Jeicelry Storg
rYv„:9 8i2 .sTNWj
I All Watchr* Carefully Taken Apart b> I
• Expert, and Clranrd Tboronxhly
by Hand. So Macbinrx I'aed.
Furniture Store^.^^5.00 1
Doctor 20.00 I
s. Department Store-... 40.0# .
IftMiwwe---JW® ¥
4 *2600® I
JF unforeseen expenses have kept you from
paying your bills you can group them in one
lump sum, borrow that sum from us and provide
for payment in convenient monthly amounts.
Come in and Talk With
Any Officer of Our Bank
r—-r?—— '-“1
- .
Morris Plan Bank
h“The Bank Built by Service?
i 1408 H Street, N.W.
y ■___ %
A ' f

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