WEATHER. /S "
(U 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.) g „ ^ q^i . .
Fair and slightly cooler tonight, low- J I . In6' Only evening paper
est temperature about 38 degrees; tomor- M* HI Washington with the
row fair, slowly rising temperature. M ► ■ ■ By A & r» vr
Temperatures—Highest, 54. at 5:30 p.m. H ■ ■ ASSOCiated PreSS NeWS
yesterday; lowest. 43. at 4 am. today. > I I ■ „ and Wirephoto Services
Full report on page A-5. wB f B ■
Closing New York Markets, Page 14 x ^ 5r«Iia3#»y8 133,110 ^ouuon. 142,377
°’ ° (Some returns net ret received)
No. 33,585. gSHmcc. waringmDattcr_WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, APBIL 13, 1936-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. *** op> M..„. A..oei.ted Pr..., TWO CENTS.
TO ACM STATUS;
IS SENT TO CHICAGO
W. P. A. Critic Will Replace
Maj. Gen. McCoy as Head
of 6th Corps Area.
LATTER TO COMMAND
2d AREA AT NEW YORK
President Decides on Move After
Second Conference With
By the Associated Press.
Maj. Gen. Johnson Hagood was
ordered restored to active duty today
In command of the 6th Corps Area at
Gen. Hagood was removed from
command of the 8th Corps Area after
he had criticized W. P. A. money as
“stage money.” The disciplined officer
conferred twice with President Roose
At Chicago he will replace Maj.
Gen. Frank R. McCoy. The assign
ment is effective May 2. Gen. McCoy
will be transferred to command the
2d Corps Areat at New York, suc
ceeding Maj. Gen. Dennis E. Nolan,
who is retiring.
The decision to restore Gen. Hagood
to active duty was made personally by
President Roosevelt after a second con
ference with Gen. Hagood at the
White House Saturday afternoon.
Asked for 2d Corps Post.
In Army quarters it was understood
that Gen. Hagood. who is the third
highest ranking general officer in the
Army, urged President Roosevelt to
send him to the 2d Corps Area, con
sidered the most desirable command
post in the United States.
But it was reported that this was
opposed both by high administration
officials and by Gen. Malin Craig,
chief of staff.
At Chicago, Gen. Hagood will have
command of the 2d Army, embracing
troops within both the 5th and 6th
Corps Areas. Important Army ma
neuvers are to be held in that region
late this Summer.
Hagood has approximately 14 months
to serve before reaching the statutory
retirement age of 64. On his own
application, however, he can retire
at any time now with full retirement
pay, under the law permitting such a
step after 40 years of active service.
Asked Retirement Once.
War Department sources said that
less than a month ago he submitted
his formal application for retirement,
but requested later that action be
suspended, pending an interview with
President Roosevelt. He placed his
case before the Chief Executive while
the latter was en route to Florida for
his recently ended fishing trip.
After that interview it was an
nounced that Gen. Hagood would take
a three months’ leave of absence,
during which a decision would be
made on his future duties.
The announcement that a new as
signment had been given him was
made in War Department special
order No. 88, which read as follows:
"By direction of the President, Maj.
Gen. Johnson Hagood, U. S. A., now
awaiting orders at his home, Charles
ton, S. C., is assigned to the com
mand of the 6th Corps Area, to take
effect May 2, 1936, and will proceed
at the proper time to Chicago, HI.,
and assume the command to which
"The travel directed is necessary in
the military service.”
Gen. Nolan retires April 30. On
the following day McCoy will take
over his command at Governors Island,
N. Y., and on the next day Gen.
Hagood will assume command at
RENT CONTROL BILL
Blanton and Rich Force Roll
Calls, Preventing Action
Another filibuster designed to pre
vent final disposition of the Ellen
bogen rent control bill marked Dis
trict day in the House today.
Twice within an hour and a half,
Representative Blanton, Democrat, of
Texas, and Representative Rich, Re
publican, of Pennsylvania, forced two
roll calls requiring 40 minutes each.
Action on the Ellenbogen bill has
been' delayed on two previous District
days by filibustering tactics in which
Blanton has taken a leading part. On
the two previous occasions, he was
aided by Representative Taber, Re
publican, of New York.
Chairman Norton of the District
Committee said she would Insist on
keeping the House in session until it
acts on the Ellenbogen bill.
Mrs. Norton said Blanton's filibuster
moves are designed primarily to pre
clude consideration of the Sisson bill
to replace the ‘‘red rider” April 27.
The Texan was instrumental in having
the "red rider” adopted at the last
session of Congress, and he has
threatened to do everything in his
power to keep it from being repealed.
COURT URGES INQUIRY
INTO “ARREST” KILLINGS
Cuban Tribunal Cites Slaying of
Accused While being Held
By the Associated Press.
HAVANA, April 13.—The Supreme
Court of the Republic of Cuba urged
today a thorough Investigation of the
recent deaths of persons slain either
while under arrest or while being ar
rested, and punishment for those
The Supreme Court, In a state
ment last night, deplored the "alarm
ing frequency with which such acts
have taken place and the evident dis
credit they bring to the administra*
Egg Rolling Draws Throng
Children Flock to White House Lawn in
KWUHMMUB"' 1 ...w.im,. "".Mi" ATOffT
Mrs. Roosevelt, as she appeared in the White House Grounds
today to greet the thousands of Easter egg-rollers and their
elders. She was talking to Jean Doering (with basket) when the
picture was snapped. —Star Staff Photo.
WASHINGTON children, rein
forced by many visitors,
packed all their Easter eggs
in twice 10,000 baskets to
day and turned out in what may be
record-breaking numbers for the an
nual egg rolling on the south lawn at
the White House.
A bright sun tempered the chill of
a fresh Spring breeze and at least par
tially dried the grass, soaked by re
peated rains the last few days. Early
indications were that attendance to
day may equal or exceed last year's
all-time record of 59,391.
Assurance of fair weather all day
was the weather man’s contribution
to the festivities. The mercury may
reach the low 60s. Tonight will be
(See-EGG-ROLLIN G,” Page'll
Speech at Baltimore Due to
By the Associated Press.
Plunging into the campaign wars
after his rest at sea, President Roose
velt made final preparations today
for his speech at a Democratic rally
in Baltimore tonight.
New Deal supporters looked to the
Chief Executive to give further in
dication of the line the administration
will follow in the big drive toward the
From this address, which will be
made before the State’s Young Dem
ocratic Club at the 5th Regiment
Armory after an old-time torchlight
procession, the party leaders are ex
pected to take their cues for the cam
Lawrence Fennaman, president of
the Maryland young Democratic or
ganization, estimated that 25,000 per
sons will hear the speech at the
Armory, in addition to those listen
ing in on the broadcast over a Na
tion-wide hook-up at 10:30 o’clock.
Reception to Precede Parade.
The President planned to go to
Baltimore at the close of the White
House work day. Before the parade
there will be a reception and a dinner
given by Senator Radclifle, Demo
crat, of Maryland. Vice President
(See POLITICS, Page 3.)
TWO FOR ENVOY POSTS
Fay A. Desportes of South Caro
lina Named to Guatemala and
R. H. Norweb to Bolivia.
President Roosevelt today named
Fay A. Desportes of South Carolina
as Minister to Guatemala, and R.
Henry Norweb of Ohio, Minister to
Mr. Roosevelt also sent to the
Senate the nominations of six State
directors of the Public Works Admin
Louis A. Boulay of Ohio, Forrest M.
Logan of Indiana, P. Francis Hopkins
of Iowa. Robert A. Radford of Min
nesota and Alvan D. Wilder of Cali
Supreme Court Defers Rul
ing on Guffey Act—Takes
The Supreme Court declined today
to review a Circuit Court decision up
holding constitutionality of the Lind
bergh kidnaping act. The court did
not hand down any ruling on consti
tutionality of the Guffey act to reg
ulate the soft coal industry. It an
nounced its adjuornment until
The case involving the Lindbergh
act by which kidnaping was made a
Federal offense, was brought by Ar
thur Gooch, Southwestern outlaw who
faced a death penalty for kidnaping
an officer. The sentence was imposed
by an Eastern Oklahoma Federal dis
trict court and approved by the Tenth
Circuit Court of Appeals on March 9.
“Congress has no power to make
such an act a Federal offense under
the commerce clause of the Consti
tution.” Gooch's attorneys argi^ed.
"The State has the exclusive power
to regulate vice and morality and to
pass necessary laws for the protection
of its citizens.”
Large Crowd Gathers.
The failure to announce a decision
in the Guffey case came as a disap
pointment to the largest crowd ever
to attend a session of the court in
the new building. All available space
in the court room was taken and hun
dreds of Easter visitors waited in the
corridors for a chance to get in.
The court agreed to pass on the va
lidity of a jail sentence and fine im
posed on T. Morris Wampler, formerly
a prominent Washington attorney, for
violation of the income tax laws.
Wampler was convicted in Baltimore
December 12, 1933, and sentenced to
pay a fine of $5,000 and serve 18
months in the penitentiary.
Wampler was committed before a
payment of the fine and costs of the
case and eventually filed a petition for
a writ of habeas corpus, alleging the
time of his actual sentence had ex
pired and contending his further de
tention in default of the fine was un
lawful. After a hearing he was re
leased from Lewisburg prison July 31,
1935. The warden of the penitentiary
appealed this ruling and the questions
(See COURT, Page A-3.)
Hoboes Get 60 and 85 Days
For Breaking Word to Judge
The mercy which tempered justice
in Police Court Friday turned sour
for two men who “broke faith” when
they appeared in court this morning.
Nathan Dodson and Caslmir
Wesolowski promised Judge Edward
M. Curran they would spend 15 min
utes in the church of their choice
being penitent on Good Friday when
they were arraigned in Police Court
on charges of trespassing. Instead of
going to church, they hurried back to
their "hobo jungle” near Sisters’ Col
lege in Terra Cotta and began the
solemn “jungle rite” of drinking
“canned heat,” according to Police
man F. M. Lewis of the twelfth pre
cinct, who brought them before the
court this morning charged with
Wesolowski was sentenced to serve
SO days in jail and Dodson was as
•eased 60 days on the charge of
vagrancy and 25 days for disorderly
"When were you here before?”
Judge Curran asked.
"Friday, your honor,” the men re
"Do you mean Good Friday—last
“You broke faith with me—both of
you—you had your chance and failed
to make the mast of It. The court can
show no mercy now,” Judge Curran
told the men in delivering sentence.
Dodson and Wesolowskl were among
40-odd law violators who woe ar
raigned before Judge Curran Friday.
All were released upon their promise
to spend 15 minutes In church “kneel
ing in penitence to God and being
sorry for what you have done.” Dod
son and Wesolowskl were the^lrst two
to return 9
Scouting Trip Spreads Ter-,
ror—Fascists Invade Lake
HEART OF BRITISH ZONE
AFFECTED IN NEW DRIVE
Dessye Occupied by Advance
Guard, Rome Hears—Selassie
When Italy invaded Ethiopia on
long-advertised colonizing and "civ
ilizing" adventure last Fall, Great
Britain led world powers in con
demning Rome. Involved in action,
taken through League of Nations,
was broad principle of modem im
perialism. Observers also said a
main consideration of Great Brit
ain was protection of Lake Tana,
deep in Ethiopian territory, but
important to the British Empire
because it is the headwaters for
the Blue Nile.
Italy's strike at Tana is thus her
closest strike at London. .
t*T the Associated Press.
Marshal Pietro Badoglio. Italian
commander in East Africa, tele
graphed from the northern front to
day that his troops operating in the
western section of the northern front
are pushing down along the shores of
Lake Tana, center of British interests
From Addis Ababa came word that
once more the populace fled the city
at the approach of Italian airplanes,
but again the Fascist planes failed to
bomb the Ethiopian capital.
At Rome, press dispatches from
Ethiopia said the Fascist advance
guard of the northern army has en
tered Dessye, former field headquarters
of Emperor Haile Selassie.
Marshal Badoglio said in his com
munique the troops of the motorised
column operating in the vicinity of
Lake Tana had captured the Penin
sula of Gorgora and had hoisted the
Italian tri-color there.
The Italian commander reported an
engagement on the Southern Ethiopian
front, where a small body of Aosta
Lancers defeated a relatively large
body of native defenders, saying the
Ethiopian losses were "considerable.”
Selassie Has Fresh Troops.
Selassie, meanwhile, was reported
from Addis Ababa to be leading an
army of fresh warriors totaling 300,
000 men to battle the Fascists in the
The battle between the belligerents
continued on the diplomatic front, with
both Italy and Ethiopia hurling fresh
charges against each other of non
observation of the rules of war, on the
eve of peace negotiations.
The Italian telegram to the League
of Nations said they would observe the
rules of war, but would retaliate against
any infringement by the Ethiopians.
The message from Addis Ababa ad
mitted that individuals in the Ethi
opan Army might have "reacted”
against the Italian methods, but said
their government was talcing measures
to punish the offenders.
Emperor Haile Selassie charged the
Italians with using gas in its daily at
tacks upon the defenders.
The Par Eastern situation grew tense
with the arrest of six high officials in
the government of Hsingan Province
in Manchukuo by Manchukuoan of
ficials on espionage charges.
Those arrested, all Mongols, were
charged with giving military informa
tion to the Soviet Army. Among them
was the governor of the province.
SELASSIE HAS NEW TROOPS.
Emperor Reported Ready for Action
ADDIS ABABA, April 13 OP).—Nine
Italian planes flew over Ethiopia's
capital today, throwing the populace
into panic, Just as a government
spokesman said Emperor Halle Selas
sie was leading a movement of 300,000
fresh warriors to the northern front.
The Fascist aerial squadron ap
peared out of the north, completed
its flight over the city and turned
beck to the northern front.
The flyers apparently were bent only
on a scouting mission, dropping no
bombs. On their last previous appear
ance—nine days ago—the Italian
pilots attacked the Addis Ababa air
drome, but also refrained then from
bombarding the capital itself.
The government spokesman said
Emperor. Haile Selassie was carrying
on energetically his personal direction
of the war.
While the nine Italian planes car
ried out their observations, foreign
legations were crowded with per*™™
(See WAR, Page a.)
PRESIDENT TO TOSS
OPENING GAME BALL
Assures Clark Griffith He Will Be
at Stadium Tomorrow—Pass
President Roosevelt expects to be
out at Griffith Stadium tomorrow for
the opening game to toes out the first
ball and to do some rooting.
The President gave assurance of
this today to Clark Griffith, president
of the Washington Ball Club, who
called at the White House to extend
the Invitation and to present to the
President a gold annual pass to the
American League and a similar one
fastened In a handsome leather hand
bag, for Mrs. Roosevelt.
Mr. Griffith was accompanied by
Sandy McDonald, 8-year-old son of
Arch McDonald, radio sports com
mentator of 7317 Alasaka avenue.
Sandy made the presentation at the
base ball pass for Mr. Griffith and
then produced a base Ml for the
Prealdent'i autograph. ”
/^And Just see.
/ what happened
l To V
Co-ordination Plan Involv
ing 11 Terminals to Be
On theory that transportation
system of Nation teas Ailed with
duplication of effort and need
less expensive competitive circum
stances, Roosevelt administration
put through legislation creating
post of co-ordinator.
Exhaustive studies of problem
have been made by new agency,
with principal efforts centering on
integration of bus and railroad
transportation. During past Win
ter, co-ordinator directed railroads
to consolidate terminal facilities in
It cities as economy move; action
has been in abeyance pending ap
peal from order.
Striking a barrier of opposition
raised by organised labor, the New
Deal was said in informed sources
today to be ready to abandon its
first move toward compelling railroads
to carry out co-ordination projects.
Initiated several months ago by
Transportation Co-ordinator Joseph
B. Eastman, a plan to force terminal
unifications in 11 cities was delayed
at the suggestion of President Roose
velt after it had drawn the fire of
rail union spokesmen.
They contended it would “throw
men out on the street” through the
elimination of jobs.
Mr. Roosevelt said a postponement
of the move would give rail manage
ment and labor an opportunity to get
together on methods of protecting
workers displaced In co-ordination
projects. He particularly urged that
an agreement on this point be reached
through negotiation. I
Two Groups Deadlocked.
After conferring Intermittently for
more than two months the two groups
still are deadlocked. Eastman said
Mr. Roosevelt had requested the
negotiators to confer with him before
terminating their efforts. Until this
is done, he said, he "certainly" would
not issue orders compelling railroads
to carry out the 11 projects.
Other sources said the projects
probably will be dropped entirely.
They said there «tas little chance that
a conference with Mr. Roosevelt could
reconcile differences over such ques
tions as the elimination of jobs and
Office Expires in June.
In addition, they pointed out that
Eastman's office is scheduled to ex
pire June 16. Thus far, no move to
continue the office has been made and
some congressional leaders have ex
pressed the view it will be allowed to
If Congress should extend Eastman's
office, however, it was said that further
consideration might be given to com
pelling the co-ordination projects.
Eastman still is a member of the
Interstate Commerce Commission and
if the oo-ordinator's office were ter
minated he could remain a commis
Wheeler Bill Urged.
Meanwhile, today, enactment of the
Wheeler bill for compensation and
protection of railway employes af
fected by railroad economy moves was
urged before the Senate Interstate
Commerce Committee by George M.
Harrison, chairman of the Railway
labor Executive Association.
"Nothing in this bill,” the spokes
man for the railway brotherhoods
organization said, "wUl force any car
rier to do anything which does not
promise an increase in net revenue.
In fact, seen from the standpoint of
the owners of railway securities, this
bill would only postpone savings to be
Under the bill, displaced employes
would be entitled to two-thirds of
their pay until new wort was found,
or would get one year’s pay and a
permanent release, if preferred. An
elderly employe could retire on a pen
sion. Employes forced to move to
new railway points to keep their em
ployments would be compensated for
property losses. House hearings have
been held on the bill which would do
by law what labor and management
has failed to accomplish by negotia
Elmira, N. Y., Gets Stab Suspect
Edward Hadaway, 31, of Atlanta,
Ga., arrested here several days ago
with his brother Japk, 33, was re
turned to Elmira, N. Y„ today in
connection with the stabbing of
Henry Murphy, guard at the New
York State Reformatory. Jack was
released. Murphy’s comition is re
ported improved. “
Isle Home Planned
By Descendant of
Mother to Accompany
5-Year-Old to Pitcairn
in South Seas.
B? the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 13.—A
young descendant of Fletcher Chris
tian, leader of the mutiny on the
Bounty, made preparations today for
a trip to the South Seas, where he
and his mother will claim a portion
of famous Pitcairn Island.
He is Charles Christian, 5. a great
great-grandson of the mutiny leader,
who established a colony on the
island after the mutiny. His mother.
Mrs. Edna Christian, will accompany
They were notified last year their
rights to a portion of the subtropical
island had been established and that
residents would welcome their pres
ence. Mrs. Christian, in accepting,
explained the boy's health was a
"I am determined to like It,” she
said. "We expect to stay at least
10 years.” With a small tract of land
and a place of dwelling provided,
"everything else should be easy.”
They plan to sail about May 1 on
the steamer schooner Philatelist,
which will carry a scientific expedi
tion to the South Seas.
“20 PCI. VACANT’
Thomas Says Home for
Aged Is More Crowded
After an unannounced tour of in
spection yesterday afternoon Chair
man Thomas of the Senate Subcom
mittee considering the District ap
propriation bill said today he found a
20 per cent vacancy in the patient
accommodations at Gallinger Hospi
tal, and a more crowded condition at
the Home for Aged and Infirm at
After going through the wards and
talking with patients in Gallinger, the
Senator agreed with the view of offi
cials on the need for more nurses, but
indicated he was surprised at finding
vacant bed spaces. He said he had
understood the hospital was intended
for a capacity of 700 and was caring
for about 1,100.
Regarding the Home for the Aged,
the Senator said he was glad to learn
the District had such a place for de
pendent persons In their old age, and
found them fairly comfortable and
contented, but he described the build
ings at Blue Plains as “fire traps.”
Hearings End Today.
Hearings on the local supply bill
were expected to end this afternoon
after Budget Director Daniel W. Bell
explained to the subcommittee the
rules followed by the Bureau when It
revises the estimates of the Com
Chairman Thomas is submitting to
the subcommittee this afternoon the
request of Representative Blanton of
Texas, who handled the bill In the
House, to present an argument at the
Senate hearings. There Is understood,
however, to be strong sentiment among
the subcommittee members In support
of the position taken by Senator Glass.
Democrat, of Virginia against such a
procedure. Glass is chairman of the
entire Senate Appropriations Com
As chairman of the House subcom
(See GALLINGER, Page A-2.)
Patrol Battles 50 Soviet
Manchukuo, dominated by Japan,
and Mongolia, under Russian in
fluence, have participated in recent
border clashes, drawing world at
tention to possibility of war be
tween their powerful sponsors. First
serious incident in several weeks
occurred Saturday, when Soviet
patrol engaged in skirmish with
Japanese penetration of Mongolia
would endanger trans-Siberian rail
road, Moscow's only link with her
By the Associated Press.
HSINKING. Manchukuo, April 13.—
Japanese general headquarters an
nounced tonight a Japanese patrol of
20 men fought with 50 Soviet soldiers
last Saturday on a sand bar in the
Ussuri River, 2 kilometers south of
The clash was the latest in a series
of incidents between Russians and
Japanese on the frontiers of Man
According to the official com
munique. the Japanese were fired on
by the Russians when they reached
the sand bar and a Manchukuoan
force nearby joined in the fight which
lasted half an hour.
The communique mentioned neither
casualties nor the outcome of the
The Japaneses said they were in
vestigating reports Soviet troops had
carried oil several Manchukuoans
near the sand bar.
SIX OFFICIALS HELD.
I Manchukuoan Leaders Charged With
TOKIO, April 13 —Six high offi
cials of the provincial government of
Manchukuo were arrested, a Domet
(Japanese) News Agency dispatch said
today, charged with plotting subver
sive movements and furnishing mili
tary information to Soviet Russia.
The dispatch said Ling Sheng, gov
ernor of North Hslngan Province, and
five other officials—all Mongols—were
seized at Hailar, and brought to
Hsinklng. capital of the Japanese
sponsored state of Manchukuo, to face
a court martial.
A communique by the Japanese
general headquarters alleged that Ling
Sheng, until now considered the mo6t
important Mongol official in the Man
chukuoan government, headed a long
standing plot to oust Japanese in
fluence from Northwestern Manchu
Breakdown Is Indicated.
pie charges of such a plot indicated
a serious breakdown in the policy fol
lowed thus far by Manchukuo's Jap
anese protectors of using Mongol
chieftains to maintain their grip on
Mongol-inhabited regions of Western
Manchukuo, while attempting to ex
tend Manchukuoan influence of other
(See MANCHUKUO, Page 37)
DANIELS ATTENDS MASS
Ambassador Goes to Easter Serv
ices in Cathedral.
MEXICO CITY. April 13 (^»).—
Ambassador Josephus Daniels of the
United States and Mrs. Daniels at
tended Easter mass yesterday in the
cathedral. They went to the service
at the special Invitation of Msgr.
Pascual Diaz, Archbishop of Mexico.
Youth Shoots Self, but Fails
To Win Return of Family
With a bullet in his abdomen. Jos
eph Higgs, 31, of 912 M street south
east, lay in a Gallinger Hospital op
erating room today while his 18-year
old wife, for whose love he told police
he shot himself, nodded in agreement
in a hospital anteroom when her
mother, Mrs. O. W. Smith of 1938
Fourteenth street southeast, remarked:
"Even If he gets well, Leona’s not
going back to him."
Only for a minute did the youth,
an unemployed tinner, see Mrs. Higgs,
about whom he cried when he was
brought to the hospital:
"Please let me see her once before
This one fleeting glimpse was
vouchsafed him when he was rolled
past her on a carriage. He mumbled
something indistinguishable, and Mrs.
Higgs, who was putting on her hat
for a visit to her lawyer to arrange
for a divorce when police brought the
news of his rash action, remained
Grief over Mrs. Higgs’ departure
yesterday from his home yesterday
with their two children, Melvin, IS
months, and Morris, 2 months, and
her determination never to jeturn led
to his pointing his father’s .22-caliber
rifle at his stgpach and pulling the
/See HIGOS, Page 2.)
OF RELIEF FUNDS
Beiter Says Ickes Given No
Chance to Present Views
BATTLE STILL RAGES
AGAINST HOPKINS’ PLANS
Administrator Counters by State*
ment Showing How Money
Launched with a 44,880,000,000
appropriation last year, work-relief
program of administration is to be
carried on through new fiscal year
with 11,500,OOO,OOO if Congress falls
in with plan of President Roosevelt.
Started last November as replace
ment for policy of direct relief, pro
gram has been under heavy fire
from all Republicans and, many
By the Associated Press.
A House bloc seeking earmarking
for public works of $700,000,000 of
the $1,500,000,000 relief money asked
by President Roosevelt decided today
to name a committee to circulate pe
titions and present them to the Presi
The action was taken at a meeting
caUed by Representative Beiter, Demo
crat, of New York. Last week several
members appeared before the House
Appropriations Subcommittee consid
ering the $1,500,000,000 request.
Simultaneously, representatives of
the Workers' Alliance of America
were heard by the subcommittee.
They presented their $6,000,000,000
program for direct and works relief
for the coming fiscal year.
Headed by David Lasser, national
chairman of New York, the organiza
tion of W. P. A. workers and unem
ployed demanded that the Works
Progress Administration be put under
a board "instead of a dictator at the
top—one Harry Hopkins.”
Only a dozen members attended the
meeting to rally sentiment behind the
move to allot *700.000,000 to Secretary
Ickes' Public Works Administration.
Belter said the offices of many mem
bers had informed him they were
absent only because of being out of
town over Easter.
W. P. A. Could Use AIL
Belter said the impression before
the Appropriations Committee that W.
P. A. provided a much larger per
centage of work per dollar expended
was "erroneous,” he added.
"The Secretary of Interior has not
thus far been permitted to appear be
fore the Appropriations Committee and
give his side.”
Hopkins testified that W. P. A.
could use all the $1,500,000,000 and
still not have enough to carry the 3,
000,000 men on its rolls through the
Asked if Ickes would be called as a
result of the movement in his behalf.
Chairman Buchanan. Democrat, of
Texas, has said only that "the com
mittee has no estimate (budget) for
Daniel W. Bell, acting budget di
rector, testified today with reference
to the amounts spent and obligated
of previous relief allotments.
Hopkins Defends Program.
Concurrently the administration’s
national relief policy was defended
Prom the defense side came a large,
illustrated report from the offices of
Works Progress Administrator Hop
kins, describing the program as a
“great forward step” and accounting
for each expenditure in providing
“work" for 3,853,000 of the Nation’*
The attack was double-barreled,
with the vocal barrage coming from!
the American Liberty League and the)
action planned by Republican mem
bers of the House Appropriations
Committee. The league assault was
a scorching statement against "boon
doggling" and “political favoritism,”
and called for the abolition of work
relief in favor of such direct relief aa
Would Decentralize Administration.
The Republican committee strategy
embraced a plan to dismantle the
Works Progress Administration, return
the relief problem to the States and
cut down the $1,500,000,000 appropria
tion asked by President Roosevelt.
Federal funds would be advanced to
the States, but the total Federal par
ticipation would be less and the ad
ministration would be decentralized.
In case the full committee decline*
to accept the Republican proposal, aa
is expected, it probably will be pre
sented to the House in the form of
a minority report.
Hopkins, in his report, summarized
actual expenditures of $2,210,000,000
up to February 29, or approximately
half the total amount allocated for
work relief, with the warning that
“Government aid will be necessary aa
long as prolonged mass unemployment
Covering 117 pages recounting th«
operations of each of the 44 govern
mental agencies operating in whola
or in part under the emergency relief
appropriation act of 1935. the report
was accompanied by a 20-page press
(See RELIEF, Page 3J ’
Answers to Questions_A-8
Lost and Found_A-9
xml | txt