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U. S. SAFETY DRIVE
SHOWINGRESULTS Committee Compiling Data to Co-ordinate All Units in Program. me aamimsirauon s prugiam w in ordinate and intensify a Nation-wide effort to reduce the heavy annual loss of life from accidents—e. toll which overshadows the casualties of war fare—is beginning to show signs of progress, although Congress has not yet provided funds requested to cover the cost. The plan to mobilize a united front against the hazards of the home, farm, factory, office, mine and rail ways, airways and seaways, as well as highways, was started through the National Accident Prevention Con ference assembled here last December by Daniel C. Roper. Secretary of Com merce, at the request of President Roosevelt. Senator Harry A. Moore of New Jersey, whose record for safety legislation while he was Governor commended him for the job, was made chairman of a general committee appointed to carry on the work, and Labert St. Clair, transportation assist ant of the Secretary of Commerce, was lent to the organization as director of activates. Bills calling for $50,000 to defray clerical expenses of the various sub committees, whose members are serv ing without pay, and for $200,000 to set up a unit in the Census Bureau to provide for the first time accurate and comprehensive statistics on accident casualties, were introduced soon after the conference. Congress has acted on neither, but passage of the $50,000 measure is expected soon, with the other bill likely to go over until the movement has been brought to a more advanced stage. oiuuiv.-> aaviu v §»• The studies assigned to a number of the subcommittees have been held up awaiting the appropriation. Never theless. Mr. St. Clair already has been advised of marked progress in several fields of the undertaking. Ex haustive reports and recommenda tions have been submitted from the various branches of the automotive Industry, which has initiated a $300, 000 to $400,000 safety study and cam paign in connection with the most spectacular of the three major types of accidents, those occurring on the highways, before the conference was called. The American Red Cross, continuing a campaign likewise started before the conference, is pressing its effort to make the homes and farms, which are estimated to produce as many, if not more, accidental deaths annually as the highways, safer places. The steam railroads, meanwhile, are understood to be preparing ior a campaign to re duce the hazards at railroad crossings, and the electric railways are organ izing a movement of their own to in crease the safety of their operation. The administration has emphasized the voluntary nature of its accident prevention mobilization from the out-' set, stressing repeatedly that it had neither desire nor intention to set up a new. permanent Federal agency. Its purpose was to bring together the sgencies engaged in promoting safety, to bring order into their scattered ef forts. Once that is achieved, it in tends to withdraw from the field on a Federal scale, although, of course, various Government agencies already related to it will continue to function, with revisions to fit them into the new general plan. Long Range Process. The program is viewed as a long range, permanent process, with special Intensified campaigns and “drives" omitted. For that reason it is thought likely that after Congress has provided the $50,000 to finance the present or ganization. little pressure will be ex erted to speed action on the $200,000 Census Bureau proposal until the pre liminary studies have produced a more definite pattern of procedure. At present accident statistics are recognized as unsatisfactory. Even in the case of highway accidents, which have engaged widespread attention for years, the statistics which the Census Bureau has been able to assemble pro vide litle foundation for well grounded attacks on the problems involved. Secretary Roper told the conference that the best available estimate W'as that 100,000 American lives were being Iqst annualy in accidents on land and sea and in the air. About 35 times as many persons are thought to be in jured every year. Accidents are thought to be divided about equally among those on the highways, those in the homes and on farms, and those in industry. Rear Admiral Cary T. Grayson, retired, chairman of the American Red Cross, who presided at the conference, pointed out that while it was re corded that 244.000 Americans had been killed in the six major wars in which the United States had been in volved, it was estimated that 388,000 men, women and children had been killed in highway accidents alone in this country in only 15 years. He de Test Two-Way Police Radio — —Tifrn i' --— One-way conversations will be a thing of the past if the Metropolitan Police Department adopts the neiv “receiving and sending* radio sets for scout cars. Police Superintendent Ernest IV. Brown (left) and Lieut. James L. Kelley are shown testing one of the new models which would enable cruising officers to converse with the broadcaster. —Star Staff Photo. scribed farming as "the most hazard ous occupation.” System for Statistics. What is desired eventually in the way of accident statistics is a sys tem which will bring them up to date, providing current, accurate In formation on the number and causes of each kind of accident, so that safety workers can attack the greatest hazards with maximum efficiency through regulation where it might be effective, co-operation of those who can help and education of potential victims. It has been demonstrated, notably in Milwaukee, that, through co-ordi nated continuing effort based on defi nite knowledge of where danger lies and what Its causes are. accident tolls can be reduced. At present the Cen sus Bureau's highway accident sta tistics. based on more or less desultory reports from cities occupied by only about one-third of the Nation’s popu lation, are not available for any year until the October of the next year. As the movement is developing. Its leaders are convinced that great em phasis must be placed on educational activities, especially in homes and farms. While a certain amount of regulatory action has been found effective in reducing hazards in the highway and industrial accident cate gories, the latter embracing not only shops and offices, but railroads, air ways and shipping lines, the evidence on hand indicates that education of potential victims—who number about 130,000,000 in the United States—may be made highly effective. Dependence on Education. In the third, and possibly largest, category, that of accidents in the home and farm, it is plain that chief reliance must rest on education, with the co-operation of those who supply the equipment of farms and homes essential, but subsidiary. After surveying this problem, lead erg In the movement have discovered that there is now no text book on safety for distribution among the schools. The nearest approach, they believe, is a 8.000-word report re ceived by Senator Moore's committee on the plan worked out in Milwaukee. Civilian Conservation Corps directors already have decided to make the teaching of that plan a part of their program, an educational effort in various phases of safety designed to send out hundreds of thousands of youthful safety "leaders” and "mis sionaries.” The young, it is recog nized, are more responsive to safety training than their elders, and they will be the elders in a few years hence. The Miuwaukee plan, which reduced traffic fatalities steadily from 132 in 1829 to 65 in 1935, cut deaths from accidents in homes from 120 in 1934 to 100 last year. The home-safety part of the Milwaukee plan, is de scribed in a report to the National Committee prepared by C. F. Butcher of the Milwaukee Journal, is carried on by the city’s Safety Commission through the schools, parent-teacher asosciatlons and clubs. The commis sion keeps records of all fatal acci dents. and makes sure that the people learn of their causes. Speakers and bulletins point out that 75 per cent of the home fatalities last year, and 81 per cent of those the year before, resulted from falls; old folks slipping on loose rugs or highly polished floors or losing their balance on unprotected stairs, and persons of all ages stumbling over obstructions or tumbling out of up stairs windows. Three babies were suffocated by bed clothing last year, five In 1934 and seven In 1933. Four teen persons died of scalds and burns last year. This kind of accident, It was em phasized, was not confined to the homes of the poor, but spread throughout the economic range. The dangers lurking in improper use of inflammable cleaning fluid, litter In basements and attics, wounds suffered in gardening and in the preparation of food were detailed vividly by pamphlet, radio and screen, with In ■tractions on measures to be taken to avoid falls, burns and scalds, asphyx iation and such miscellaneous hazards as poisons, loaded puns and infection from cuts and bruises. • Lamp Posts Aid Cars. All lamp posts In Bourne, England, are being painted white to help guide motorists alter the lamps have been extinguished. • 17 Day* Without Food. Burled 17 days In a pitfall, during which he was without food, a fox hound of Derwent, England, w-as res cued and Is hunting again. Dependable WATERPROOFING O. D. WILSON CO., INC. WATERPROOFING ENGINEERS • 1249 Wisconsin Avc. N.W. 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