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<U. 8 Weather Bureau Forecast ) A TVio Anltr avnm'nn Cloudy, probably showers tonight and A . * evening paper tomorrow; warmer tonight, minimum in Washington with the temperature about 58 degrees; moderate W ■ | ^ W I | AsSOciatpH Prp<;<< Npw« south and southwest winds. Tempera- I I 1/^ III j w* ° v .WS tures—Highest, 66, at noon today; lowest, I I V III and WirephOtO Services. 46, at 6 a m. today. Full report, page A-8. A ^ A At • «i VIUlaD ic ITH SUNDAY MORNING Yesterday* Circulation, 141,378 Closing New York Markets, Page 10___<8ome returns not yet received.) No. 33,600. ^"fflcV ‘wa0snhdinegtao"mDttcr WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 28, 1936 —THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. *** on Mean* Associated Press. TWO CENTS. JOBS OR MIN BUSINESS’ CHOICE. ROPER DECLARES Commerce Head Addresses Leaders in Opening of C. of C. Session. EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM OF 10 POINTS OUTLINED Tundamental Concepts of Ameri can Industry to Be Maintained, Secretary Promises. BY J. A. FOX. American business was told today by a spokesman for the administra tion that “there must be re-employ nicnt or a longer period of Increased taxation.” Addressing several hundred leaders In trade and industry, gathered here for the opening session of the twenty fourth annual convention of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Secretary of Commerce Roper emphasized that “if a substantial measure of increased re-employment does not take place, the taxation for relief purposes will come largely from business earnings.” He outlined a 10-point program to enable business to cope with the un employment problem. Listeners Reassured. With his warning, however, Roper coupled an assurance to his hearers that “it is not the desire or purpose of your Government to destroy those fundamental concepts and principles of American business and industry which have made possible our na tional wealth and progress." He said also that the Federal Gov ernment proposes to turn back to local rule ‘‘many of the responsibilities that have been assumed during the depression.” Roper's speech attracted particular attention because it was known that it had been scanned at the White House before delivery. In its course, he called for “mutual Understanding between Government end business”—the same plea that was made in the opening address earlier today of Harper Sibley, pres ident of the chamber, which for months has been at loggerheads with the Roosevelt administration. Roper was warmly applauded at the frtr.f.lncir.n nf his cneprh Program Summarized. The Commerce Secretary summar ized his business re-employment pro gram as follows: A survey of the needs and con ditions fro mthe viewpoint of em ploying as many persons as current improvements and future programs demand. Formation of industrial commit tees to study technological unem ployment and methods for speeding up the transfer into other fields of workers replaced by machines. Stimulation of the durable goods Industries. A home-building program. Foreign trade expansion. A long term useful public works plan with national, State, local and private endeavors co-ordinated. As improvements in productive effi ciency are secured, consumers should get the benefits of lower cost of pro duction, the secretary said. He added that business also ‘‘should make in tensive research studies of the rela tionships that should be maintained with respect to production, wages and hours of labor.” Education Program Urged. “Business,” he continued, "must rec ognize and apply its best endeavors to a fundamental educational program involving methods and efforts to get the States and subdivisions to reas sume their social responsibility as soon as possible, to study economies in government and the promoting of self respect and mutual responsibility in the individuals and in the groups and organizations of our citizens.” Roper's recommendation that busi ness undertake a survey of unemploy ment had been anticipated by the chamber, whose directors late yester day authorized a special committee to see what could be done about restoring the millions of jobless to pay rolls. The Secretary also said his depart ment is now making a study of em ployment and unemplayment in an effort to get an intelligent and ade quate picture of the situation. Truce With Government Urged. In his address. Sibley sounded a call for cessation of hostilities between . business and the Government and the application of "common sense” to cure economic ills. He emphasized that the great (See CHAMBER, Page A-3.) JAPAN SEEKS WAY TO HOLD MARKETS Official Sails for U. S. to Study Trade Situation in Americas. by tht Associated Press. TOKIO. April 28.—Naokichi Mat gunaga, former Japanese Minister to Austria, sailed from Yokohama today as the accredited government diplo matic inspector to tour the Americas this Spring and study means of hold ing Japan’s American markets. He is due to arrive at Seattle May 10, and will visit Canada and the United States first, discussing com mercial questions, before going to study the trade situation in Mexico, the Central American republics and the West Indies. Japan’s markets in Central America and the West Indies, which had been expanding greatly Until 1935, con tracted last year. Statements from high officials have Indicated a Japanese government be lief that political and economic pres sure from the United States is largely responsible for the diminishing de Aind for Japanese textiles and othe^ *eap goods in the markets of thM Americas. ^ Fuad Dies, Leaving Names Of Regents in Sealed Letter Long Illness Fatal to King of Egypt; Farouk, 16, on Throne. By the Associated Press. CAIRO, Egypt, April 28.—King Fuad I of Egypt, 68-year-old friend of the British, died today after a long ill ness. The illness was aggravated over the week end when a gangrenous condition developed in his throat, preventing him from taking nourishment. Crown Prince Farouk, 16-year-old student in England, will come to the throne under a regency untU his 18th birthday. The regency will be composed of three men whose names were written by King Fuad on a sheet of paper, then sealed in an envelope to be opened by the proper authorities. Premier All Pasha Maher, in making the official announcement of his sovereign's passing, said death came at 1 p.m. local time (6 a.m. Eastern standard time). News Shocks Populace. The news came as a shock to tne population of Cairo following earlier reports that the monarch had rallied after a better night. Only this morning the King had called his premier and other officials to the palace and insisted on transact ing state business, but the gravity of his condition was clear when plans were made for Crown Prince Farouk’s departure from England tomorrow. Fuad, who celebrated his 68th birth day anniversary March 26, had been in indifferent health many months. He had never fully recovered from his serious illness of 1934, when numerous foreign specialists were summoned to the Summer palace at Montazah. At that time palace sources endeav ored to spread the report that the short, thick-set, fair-complexioned King was merely suffering from weak ness following a mild attack of influ enza. It now is believed he then was a ~< See”KING ~FU AD,~ Page A-6.) ~ KING FUAD I, Who died. CROWN PRINCE FAROUK, 1 Successor to throne. Chicago Grain Trader Is Accused on 1930 and 1933 Returns. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 28.—Charged last month with attempting to evade $414, 515 in 1929 income taxes, Arthur W. Cutten, Chicago grain trader, was ac cused by the Federal grand jury in a second indictment today with at tempting to evade $229,944.66 in 1930 and 1933. I The new Indictment’s two counts charged Cutten attempted to evade payments of $58,579.75 on a gross 1930 income of $702,850.31, and a net in come of $334,598.76; and payments of $171,364.91 on a gross 1933 income of $568,891.13 and a net of $529, 990.23. Today’s true bill raised the total evasion charged against the trader past the half million mark, to $644, 469. It put his income for three years under scrutiny. Victory Near in Exclusion Fight. The second indictment was returned before Federal Judge James H. Wil kerson just as Cutten seemed assured of victory in his fight against exclu sion from the grain markets. The speculator, long a champion of unregulated grain trading, was barred from trading for two years in an or der of the Grain Futures Administra tion handed down February 14, 1935. He had been charged, in a hearing, with manipulating wheat prices in 1930 and 1931. Cutten appealed to the courts from the administrative agency’s ruling. Yesterday Chief Justice Hughes of the Supreme Court told Cutten’s attorney he need not reply to the Justice De partment’s arguments, a remark taken as meaning the court would hold for Cutten. The trader was reported 111 In his hotel suite. Former Agent Also Named. As in the first indictment, returned March 10, the Federal grand jury to day named William E. Gatewood along with Cutten. A former agent of the Internal Revenue Department, Gate wood has been a consultant on income tax affairs since quitting the Govern ment service. He was charged in both true bills with "aiding and abetting.” That Cutten, famous for million bushel deals in grain and for long-term forecasts of agricultural prospects, took losses on his own farm land was shown in the income schedule set out by today’s indictment. Metaxas Wins Support. ATHENS, April 28 (IP).—The Greek Parliament, after an all-night debate, voted its confidence, 241 to 16, today in the cabinet of Premier John Metaxas, who succeeded the late Premier Con stantine Demerdjis after the latter’s death April 13. BULLETIN BROOKLYN, N. Y.. April 28 IfPl. —District Attorney William F. X. Geoghan announced today the ar rest of Harry Weiss, one of the five men indicted in the Wendel kid* naping case, in a small town in Ohio. Geoghan said Weiss was being brought to New York and would reach here tonight. A. A. ONDTARIFF DATA COMPILED Light of Publicity Will Be Thrown on Benefits at Senate Demand. BACKGROUND— Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan has been sniping at A. A. A. benefit payments for weeks. Demanding that adminis tration make public list of big beneficiaries, he encountered op position of Secretary of Agriculture Wallace and of majority leaders in Senate. In surprise move few weeks ago Wallace released partial list; Sen ate Democrats then changed tactics to load Vandenberg resolution with amendments requesting informa tion on tariff benefits. By the Associated Press. TWo agencies of the Government, at the behest of the Senate, plunged today into the task of turning the light of publicity on A. A. A. and tariff benefits. As demanded by a resolution of Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan, Secretary Wallace pre pared to give the chamber a list of A. A. A. payments in excess of $10,000 annually, the amount of crop produc tion the benefits had halted and acreage involved. As demanded by the Democrats in an amendment to the approved reso lution, the Tariff Commission set to work completing a list of corporations with net Incomes exceeding $1,000,000 annually, which produce commodities affected by tariffs, and the profits attributable to the tariff. It was believed the Tariff Commis sion already had laid the groundwork for such publicity, because Repre sentative Jones, Democrat, of Texas, a week ago asked for considerable data along the lines included in the resolution. In a statement today, Jones said large industrial companies "enjoy vast benefits” under the tariff system. "Some of the A. A. A. benefit checks were large,” said Jones. "I assume, however, they were made according to formula on an acreage or unit basis, but certainly the largest of them do not compare in any way to the tre mendous benefits enjoyed by some of ISee A. A. A.-TARIFF, Page A-3X Coat Girl Wore in Kidnaping Taken for Investigators Use The torn coat worn by 18-year-old Hilda Utterback when she allegedly was kidnaped from her Hamilton, Va., farm home by two men Saturday night was turned over to Loudoun County authorities today. Commonwealth’s Attorney Charles F. Harrison and Sheriff E. S. Adrian went to the girl’s horde and got the coat this morning. They did not say what they Intended to do with the garment, but it was understood it will be kept for use “in case anything de velops” as a result of their investi gation. A piece torn from the sleeve, pre sumably when the girl was abducted, was found in the farm yard that might, and was the first Indication she had been forcibly taken away. Harrison and Adrian also took two pieces of fodder twine from the Utter back home. It was believed these were the same pieces given the sheriff by Miss Utterback yesterday and subse quently returned to her. It also was learned that the Justice Department, despite a request from Senator Byrd of Virginia, has declined to participate in the investigation. At Senator Byrd’s office it was said the G-men refused to go into the case be cause, apparently, no Federal offense is involved. Harrison had asked Senator Byrd to intervene in an effort to enlist the aid of the Federal investigators after they had refused to participate whflfrlt was (See KIDNAP. Fags A*» . TAX BILL CHANGE TO REMOVE ‘LAG’ Heavy Loss in First-Year Revenue Would Be Eliminated. DIVIDEND AND TAXABLE YEAR TO BE IDENTICAL Softer Cushion for Corporations With Deficits Also Is Con templated. BACKGROUND— President Roosevelt last February proposed revision of corporate tax structure with levy on undistributed profits replacing several other cor poration taxes. House Ways and Means Committee finally reported complex modification of plan. With House approval expected this week. Senate Finance Committee plans immediate consideration of measure with considerable rewrit ing likely: BULLETIN. The House today gave tentative approval to the heart of the new tax bill—a system of rates to jipply to corporation Incomes graduated according to proportions of earn ings withheld from distribution to stockholders. By tilt Associated Press. The House Ways and Means Com mittee voted today to offer an amend ment to the tax bill designed to re move a "lag” in revenue production estimated to amount to $100,000,000 in the first year. Chairman Hill of the Tax Subcom mittee said the amendment would be a “simple proposition" of making he dividend year the same as the taxaole year for corporations. The decision was reached as the House began the last minutes of gen eral debate on the tax program and prepared to consider amendments. As now written, the bill, which was estimated to raise $803,000,000, would permit a lag by reason of the fact that corporation dividends paid out of 1936 income in part might be declared in the first two and a half months of 1937 and not taxed in the hands of stockholders until they filed income tax returns in 1938. Amendment Explained. The amendment, Hill said, will, In effect, require corporations to antici pate last-quarter earnings and declare out dividends during the last quarter without actual figures on income for the period. But, he explained, if dividends should exceed earnings, a corporation could obtain tax credits in the next year, or the one thereafter, for the ex cess. The committee also agreed to sub mit an amendment to provide a softer cushion for corporations with deficits. The bill now' would provide that corporations with a deficit should pay a 22’i per cent tax on the amount of earnings necessary to make up the deficit, the remainder of the earn ings being taxed under graduated rates that would apply to corporate income in general. The committee agreed to suggest reducing the 22V2 per cent to 15 per cent. Another Change Likely. Still another change to be proposed. Hill said, is in reference to foreign corporations which will be required to hold back a 10 per cent tax on dividends to non-resident alien stock holders. The bill now provides for such a withholding tax where the corporation derives 75 per cent or more of its in come from sources within the United States. The committee. Hill said, de cided to suggest that the withholding tax be required only when corporations obtain 85 per cent or more of their earnings from American sources. Speaker Byrns said at his press con ference it was possible a vote could be reached on the bill by tomorrow night. He added he did not look for many Republican amendments since they have indicated they do not under stand the measure and consequently (See TAXES, Page A-3.) ONE DEAD, 10 HURT IN TRAIN COLLISION Interurban Cars Crash Head-on in Ohio—Motorman Is Killed. SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, April 28 (IP). —Two passenger lnterurbans of the Cincinnati Sc Lake Erie Co. crashed head-on 9 miles north of here today, killing one person and injuring at least 10. The cars crashed on a curve at high speed. Motorman Charles Patterson of Springfield, operator of a north-bound car, was killed. One of his legs was severed. P. N. Van Scoy, a farmer living on the Urbana pike, was the first to reach the scene. He aided In extricating the injured from the wreckage. Readers’ Guide Page. Amusements .. B-16 Answers to Questions.A-8 Comics_B-12 Cross-word Puzzle_B-12 Editorial . A-8 Finance..A-15-16-17 Lost and Found __A-9 Radio _B-9 Serial Story-...B-8 Short Story---A-ll Society- B-3-4 Sports.A-12-13-14 Washington Wayside.1t-B-8 Women’s Features __ Jl-10-11 HEARD of COUNTING ui5h BEFORE THEY'RE HATCHED BUTTh/S IS THE FIRST TIME IVE HEARD OF FlGHTlH ’OVER'EM! Crown Prince Orders Bare footed Troops Into Camp Outside City. BACKGROUND— Pressing attack to reach objec tives before the African ramp sea son sets in, Italian northern forces are now reported knocking at the gates of Addis Ababa and the southern army nearing Harar. En try into these cities will be major victories for Fascists. Ethiopian forces have been mak ing final stand in mountain passes, but have been unsuccessful and are reported falling back in disorder on the Capital. By tftc Associated Press. ADDIS ABABA. April 28—Thou sands of Ethiopian troops, war worn, exhausted and hobbling on bare feet. ! began to stream in today from the j northern front. Most of them primitive fighters of j the Wallaga Province Army, they pre sented a sharp contrast to the fiery' Wallaga warriors who paraded last November before Emperor Haile j Selassie. Famished and gaunt from lack of food and water, the refugees estab lished their quarters in a large camp outside the capital, by order of Crown Prince Asfa Wosan. so that Addis Ababa might maintain its status as an "open town.” Many of them were wounded and ‘ were carried on roughly improvised stretchers. Those not wounded dragged guns picked up from their fallen comrades. "My father, my brothers and my friends have been killed,” some ex plained. "God Looked Other Way.” "We can fight the Italians, but God looked the other way when brother ate brother and gas surrounded us day and night.” The reference to "brother” meant! treachery by other Ethiopian tribes, i Despite their trials, the troops still\ showed unbroken spirit. “We are not beaten yet,” several declared. "We are returning because we have been ordered back by the government We are ready to return to the front and continue fighting. We will never allow the enemy to remain in posses sion of our land.” Reports from the north said large (See ETHIOPIA, Page A-4.) STOCKS GO DOWN $1 TO $2 OR MORE Some Try to Rally at Start, but Selling Breaks Out Just Before Noon. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. April 28 —The stock market suffered another sinking spell today, with some issues dropping $1 to $2 or so a share. The market got away to an irreg ular start, with some shares trying to rally. Prices moved indecisively up to around 11:30, when a burst of sell ing put the ticker tape about 3 min utes behind the market. Shortly before noon a little support appeared. The volume then dwindled. Financial circles said the liquida tion had about the same background as on Monday: Foreign unsettlement, tax uncertainties and fears that equity prices had outrun business improve ment. Principal share losers included American Telephone, Western Union, United States Steel, Westinghouse, Chrysler, General Motors, New York Central and Santa Fe. Bonds were generally steady with some demand coming in for medium and low priced rails. United States Government obligations were quiet. Polish 7s dropped a point on the new foreign exchange restrictions. The French franc at 6.58% cents and the pound sterling at $4.93% were both unchanged. Grains and cotton were mixed. JAPAN HONORS DEBUCHI TOKIO, April 28 (/P).—The Japa nese cabinet decided today on the ap pointments of Matsujl Debuchi, former Ambassador to Washington, and Kisa buro Suzuki, president of |he Seiyukal party, to be members of tfie House of Peers. Zionclwck Gets License to Wed Texas GirL Hunts for Minister Representative Says Rubye Louise Nix Is Bride-to-Be. Representative Marion A. Zion check, whose recent troubles with the Police Department have brought him front-page publicity, was out looking for a minister to marry him today after obtaining a license at District Supreme Court. The Washington Representative gave the name of his bride-to-be as Miss Rubye Louise Nix, 21, of Tex arkana, Tex. At the P. W. A., it was learned that Miss Nix is a stenographer in the Ac counting Division there, but was ab sent today because of illness. She is listed in the city directory as living at 4700 Connecticut avenue. Clad in an old sweater and jersey, Zioncheck walked into the clerk's of fice and demanded the license. “What minister do you w*ant to perform the ceremony?” the marriage license clerk asked. ”1 want the first one on the list,” ] Zioncheck replied. The clerk then explained she didn't believe the first one on the list was still in the city. REP. ZJONCHECK. “I don’t care; I want him anyhow,” the Congressman insisted. The clerk then filled in the name of Rev. Thomas L. Aarron. Later it was learned that Rev. Mr. Aarron formerly was pastor of the (See-ZIONCHECK~Page A-2.) OF AIK UNIT SHIFT Assistant Secretary John son Tells Probers Bureau Is Badly Organized. Conceding that the Bureau of Air Commerce is ‘‘improperly organized." Assistant Secretary of Commerce J. M. Johnson told the Senate Air Safety Subcommittee today that the unit is In need of ‘‘reformation.” The statement was made as the committee resumed the taking of testi mony in the air crash in Missouri oil May 6. 1935, which killed Senator Cut ting of New Mexico. Johnson said: “I think the bureau is improperly organized. The reformation, in gen eral, should be that there be two divi sions: One for construction and main tenance of our facilities; the other for the enforcement of regulations and communications, radio beams, tele types and that sort of thing.” He said he had talked over the pro posed reorganization with Secretary Roper and Eugene Vidal, bureau di rector. Johnson branded as false charges made before the subcommittee more than two months ago by J. A. Mount, former superintendent of mainte nance of the Air Commerce Bureau, that he had been forced out of the service because of his earlier appear ance before the Senate group. Mount's charges created a sensa tion and resulted in a stinging letter of rebuke from Senator Copeland of New York, subco/nmittee chairman, to Secretary Roper. ‘‘The Mount case had its incep tion in September, 1935, long be (See AIR, Page A-2.) LYNCHED BY MOB Colored Farmer Accused by Girls Shot to Death in Georgia. By the Associated Press. ROYSTON, Ga., April 28.—Lint Shaw, colored fanner, once saved from lynching through the pleas of an aged judge, was shot to death by a mob of 40 men eight hours before he was to go on trial on a charge of attempting criminal assault. His body was found at dawn today tied to a pine tree in a creek bottom near Colbert, Ga., his home. Pierced by shotgun, pistol and rifle bullets, he died at the scene where two white girls reported he attempted to attack them after their motor car broke down April 10. Two bullet wounds the man received after stabbing two officers in resisting arrest had not yet healed. The mob, climaxing a series of demonstrations against the 45-year old colored man, which once required the intervention of National Guards men, broke into Royston's one-story jail about midnight, cornered Night Chief of Police W. A. Dickerson and smashed a lock on the prisoner’s cell. “I couldn’t see exactly what hap pened." Dickerson said. "They just told me they wanted the man. He didn't say a word when they dragged him out.” Plowlines, cotton ropes used for guiding work animals in the fields, were cut up to tie the victim to the tree. The jail here was the third in which Shaw had been held since he was (See LYNCHING. Page A-5.) Owner Can’t Bear to Look As Jonker Diamond Is Cut By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 28.—The eyes of Lazare Kaplan, diamond-cutter, shone with happy tears today as he told how he performed the biggest job of his career—the first cleaving of the Jonker diamond. The 726-carat gem, which was yes terday the world’s largest and finest uncut diamond yet uncovered, is now in three pieces. Later these will be split into 12, most of which the owner hopes to see sold in a $2,000,000 neck lace. Jacobus Jonker found the dia mond in the South African fields. It was Kaplan’s task to tap a wedge against the uncut jewel with a brass hammer and sever it for the first time —an operation so delicate that even the owner, Harry Winston, wouldnt look on. The diamond fell apart perfectly. Kaplan’s son, 23-year-old Leo, who held the wedge while his father tap ped with the hamper. “There was a silent moment. 'Jien I shouted with joy, ‘It’s perfect.’” Kaplan, who has been cutting dia monds for 37 years, smiled, “I didn’t say anything. I was so glad it was over—then I rushed to a telephone and told my wife.” The cleaving took place at 4 p.m. yesterday in Kaplan's midtown office. A detective who was on guard left the room when the process began, and the two diamond-cutters were alone. "I felt that the whole world was watching,” Kaplan said. ‘‘Before I did it I was so nervous I went away for three days of trout fishing.” Young Kaplan wore an apron to catch diamond chips in case any flew off, but none came. The actual cleaving took only a few seconds, but Kaplan had been study ing the diamond’s groove and plan ning the cleft for six months. Winston said the cleaving was un insured. although the uncut gem was Insured for $l,00g,000. He said his Insurance broken were told by Lloyd’s of London, "The risk Is too great.” PARTY TO ADOPT MAJORITY RULE, FARLEY PREDICTS Two-Thirds Regulation Held Due to Be Abrogated by Convention. DEMOCRATIC SUPPORT OF NORRIS IS INDICATED He ‘’Will Be Next Senator Elected in Nebraska,” Committee Chairman States. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. President Roosevelt, who easily could be renominated by a unanimous vote of the Democratic National Con vention. will be the first Democrat in a hundred years nominated for the presidency under a majority, instead of a two-thirds, rule, according to Chairman James A. Farley of the Democratic National Committee. Chairman Farley said today: “It is my personal prediction that the two-thirds rule for the nomina tion of presidential and vice presiden tial candidates will be abrogated by the national convention when it meets in June." Senator Clark of Missouri Is the selection, it is understood, for chair man of the convention's Committee on Rules. He is strongly in favor of the cflange to the majority rule. The proposal to do away with the time-honored two-thirds rule, adopted in the days of Andrew Jackson, prob ably will meet with some opposition, however. Southern Democrats in the past have been strongly opposed to doing away with the rule, believing it gave the Southern States a meas ure of veto power against a candidate who might be regarded as not friendly to that section. However, in the opin ion of Chairman Farley, the great majority of the delegates this year will support the plan to adopt the majority rule. Norris “Next Senator.” Chairman Farley was asked if he would support the Democratic candi date for Senator in Nebraska. “My answer to that is George W. Norris will be the next Senator elect ed in Nebraska.” replied Farley. Senator Norris, a strong supporter of President Roosevelt and his New Deal, did not enter either the Repub lican or Democratic primaries for the senatorial nomination this year. A great deal of pressure is being ex erted to get him to run as an inde pendent. If he does, he will have the backing, it is expected, of the admin istration. This seems to be clearly indicated by Farley's statement today. President Roosevelt weeks ago said that he believed Norris should be elected Senator as long as he lived. Farley denied there was any “deal’’ on with Senator Couzens of Michigan, who is up for re-election this year™ “The Democrats of Michigan will nominate a candidate of their own for Senator,” said Farley, when his attention was called to the published reports that the Democratic high command was flirting with the idea of supporting Couzens for re-election, in an effort to break into the State which has been strongly Republican in the last couple of elections. Count on Norris Republicans. The Democrats are counting on the support of the Norris Republicans in Nebraska to help put that State across for President ^Roosevelt next Novem ber. In Minnesota, where the Farmer Labor party has been dominant, Gov. Floyd Olson, Farmer-Laborite, has an nounced his candidacy for the Senate. Olson has been friendly with the New Dealers. “Will you support the Democratic candidate for the Senate in Minne sota?” Farley was asked today. “We’ll wait until we see the candi date before we answer that question.” Farley shot back. The hope of the Democrats in Minnesota is to have the Farmer-Laborites join with them in helping re-elect President Roosevelt. Gov. Olson, according to reports re ceived here, is seriously ill. Breckinridge Held Ineffectual. Chairman Farley did not give Col. Henry Breckinridge. anti-Roosevelt Democrat, a chance for any kind of a showing in the Pennsylvania presiden tial preferential primary today. "The Breckinridge candidacy is a joke,” said Farley. "He won't get any votes to speak of in Pennsylvania, Maryland or anywhere else." The administration is ironing out its troubles with the old Huey Long fac tion in Louisiana, Farley indicated. He said he believed the question of Fed eral patronage in the State would be worked out in a manner satisfactory (See FARLEY, Page A-ST) HEARINGS TO START IN TOWNSEND PROBE Factional Fight Under Way as Los Angeles Inquiry Comes Into Open. By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES, April 28.—The Western end of the Townsend Inves tigation swung into the open today amid a stiffening factional fight in the old age pension movement. On the eve of the first public hear ing to be conducted here by the con gressional subcommittee, Representa tive JoJseph A. Gavagan, Democrat, of New York, hinted developments might prolong the open inquiry until lata in the week. A controversy between “regular’* and “irregular” Townsend followers, heretofore only a swapping of state ments, was a matter for court today. On behalf of Los Angeles Town send Club No. 93, largest In the Na tion, Luther Heilig, a member, began suit charging that George Highley, president, had damaged the parent organization by a bolt from the club. The suit asked that the court re strain Highley from further activitiaa in enlisting Mowers from the orig inal club.