The Red Scare
Miss Liberty Suspected
by Papers With Lien
on U. S. Patriotism.
BY DOROTHY THOMPSON.
CITIZENS of the United States!
Our very shores are threat
ened. At the key position of
entry into this land, in the
tnidst of our most strategic harbor,
at the ingress into our largest, rich
est and most powerful city there is a
rition. a symbol
of our eventual
151 feet high it
It was introduced
into this country
by a foreign gov
ernment. Not an
ounce of its ma
terial is Ameri
can. This figure
sents the inten
tion of foreign
ideas to dominate
our country. Already, these ideas are
corrupting our people. They have even
permeated the ranks of the Amer
ican Legion. The menace is the God
dess of Liberty, who for 50 years, un
suspected by the easy-going people
of the United.States, has been hold
ing aloft in her hand a lighted torch.
Citizens! This is the symbol ^>f so
cialism! There is room in that torch
for a squad of revolutionists to hide.
And W P. A. funds have recently
been paid to renovate this menace.
It has no place here! Let her go
back to where she came from!
Liberty has become a Red Scare and
threatens to rend the ranks of the
American Legion. It came about thus:
The Americanism Committee of the
Legion of New York County was en
trusted to get out a 7-minute speech
for educative purposes amongst the
members of the Legion. Mr. Cyrus Le
Bov Baldridge, who served the Stars
and Stripes m every major engage
ment of the last year of the war to
make the world safe for democracy,
was assigned to the task. He wrote
about a thousand words on what he
considered Americanism to be He
took his cue from the Bill of Rights
and the Declaration of Inder idence.
He asserted: "Americanism is ex
pressed in the determined struggle to
achieve democracy, justice and lib
erty.” He maintained that democracy
means equality of opportunity, and
justice means equality of all before
the law. Liberty, he said, means op
portunity for self-expression and self
development. And It means freedom
of religious worship, and above all,
freedom of speech. He argued that
the Americanism ideal presumed that
man was on a constant search for
truth and therefore must have con
tinual access to opportunities for in
quiry. He believed that tolerance was
an American virtue. It was un-Amer
ican to resort to violence, because
America opened the channels for the
use of persuasion. "Americans.” he
aaid. "stand forever opposed to dicta
torship by a person or a group.”
American patriotism is ‘TOO per cent
belief in democracy, justice and lib
erty,” and the duty of the patriot was
to participate actively in the political
life of the Nation for the attainment
of these ideals.
How Pamphlet Was Distributed.
The Willard Straight Post, of which
Mr. Baldridge is a member, liked these
Ideas and suggested that they be put
Into a pamphlet. Mr. Baldridge is an
artist and he designed the pamphlet
In the colors, red. white and blue.
He decorated it with what he thought
were some American symbols. Since
the committee had little money, the
press which printed it and the com
pany w’hich furnished the paper con
tributed labor and materials. And
the pamphlet went out and copies
were sent to other posts, and event
ually a copy fell into the hands of
the chairman of the Americanism
Committee for the whole country, H.
Meanwhile it also came into the
hands of a reporter for a group of
newspapers who are engaged at this
moment in rooting out subversive
Influences in this great Nation and
discovering the radical influences that
are boring from within. Apparently
there was a shortage of menaces this
particular week until the enterprising
reporter discovered the pamphlet.
Now, the pamphlet seemed to suggest,
in some vague way, that not every
partriot must necessarily agree in
every detail with every other patriot
and that all is not always patriotism
that expresses itself in the largest
and blackest letters. And being a
well-trained sleuth of subversion. It
atruck his eye immediately, first, that
an eagle appearing on the cover was
red; secondly, that the American Le
gion emblem was printed in red; third,
that the flyleaf displayed the radical
symbol of a hand holding a torch;
and, fourth, that the paper had ema
nated from a Japanese paper concern.
All of which was sufficient to prove
that we were being undermined by the
Erbfeind of California and threatened
by revolution. "Haven’t you noticed
these things?” asked the reporter. No,
his horrified auditors had not notioed.
“This pamphlet suggests that there
might be two sides to many questions.
Is patriotism debatable?” he queried.
Of course, it was not, they replied.
And, finally, he suggested that if the
paper were suppressed the Legion
would get a great deal of favorable
publicity, and that if it were not
So the row was on, and is still on.
But it has not gone very well. In the
first place, a very large number of
people from the New York County
Legion got thoroughly sore. They
wanted to know who was running the
Legion anyway. They yielded to no
one in their Americanism, but re
mained blindly obdurate to seeing a
threat in a torch or in a red eagle.
They inquired with asperity whether
the boys would rather have had a blue
eagle. And some of them had the
temerity to suggest that if a defense
of freedom of speech were subversive,
what was all this row in Washington
about the Black committee? And
suddenly the Red scare in the Ameri
can Legion ceased to appear promi
nently in the papers which had been
influential in launching it.
There is a definite technique in the
propaganda of establishing Fascism;
that is, in the propaganda of destroy
ing republican, representative govern
ment. That technique has been de
scribed in the most masterly way in
the best account of the German revo
lution yet printed, in Ernst Glaeser's
beautiful novel “The Last Civilian."
The technique is to destroy the unity
in society by setting one group
against another group, one man
man against his neighbor. The way to
to do that is to cast suspicion upon
his patriotism. And to go on doing
so until patriotism becomes the mo
nopoly of a single group, who then
Mhtrench themselves in power to save
the people from themselves.
When that time comes I suppose we
will all sing, “Three cheers for the
umph, white and blue.”
Copyright. 19S6. New York Tribune. Inc.
Harrison’s Brain Trust Crack
Recalls His Part in Tariff Bill
Senator Broke Down Coalition of Demo
crats and Progressives Making Hawley
Smoot Act an “Industrial” Measure.
BY CARLISLE BARGERON.
A statement last night by Senator
Pat Harrison pointing out the Tact
that the recently acquired Republican
brain trust includes three professors
who signed a petition in 1930 im
ploring President Hoover to veto the
Hawley-Smoot tariff act, got observers
to reminensclng on how politics was
played back in those days.
There is general agreement that
no man was more responsible for the
passage of the bill In the form It
was passed than the Senator himself.
Indeed, the bill was finally enacted
by a margin of two votes, these votes
being supplied by Democratic Senators
Fletcher and Trammell, and it was an
open secret at the time that Majority
Leader Watson could get as many
Democratic votes as he needed to
pass the bill.
It was not in the final passage
of the bill, however, but the votes
that went into the writing of It, that
Harrison played such a prominent
part. He has been generally credited
with responsibility of the progressives
losing the control of the bill they
seized at the outset and held over
the long months of its consideration
until just a short while before it was
passed, in which time it was virtually
rewritten and made an "industrial"
rather than an "agricultural” measure.
Senator Borah, in the first instance,
was responsible for the tariff being
opened up. In a moment of panic
during the 1938 campaign the Hoover
managers sent him a telegram in the
Middle West to do something to save
them. Borah thereupon announced
that one of the first things Hoover
would do if elected would be to call
a special session of Congress to give
agriculture more tariff protection.
When Hoover had taken office, Borah
insisted that he do this. Republicans
from Industrial States, particularly
former Senator David I. Reed, plead
ed that If the tariff were opened up
he and fellow industrialists would be
under pressure to get higher Industrial
The subject was opened up, how
ever, but a coalition of progressives
and Democrats was formed and they
went through for months writing an
“agricultural’’ bill, that is, boosting the
agricultural protection and denying
Increased Industrial protection.
Finally, with only a few weeks left
to go. the question of Increased pro
tection for dyestuSs came up. Senator
Harrison led a bolt of 17 Democrats
away from the coalition and wrote
the dyestuff rates into the bill.
Charges were made at the time that
they were acting for their "masters,
Raskob and the Du Ponts.” These
gentlemen now seem to be the Demo
crats’ idea of public enemies, begin
ning at No. 1.
Broke Down Agreement.
This broke the coalition. A few
days before the coalition had been
broken by four progressives, Senator
Nye among them, when they voted for
increased rates on an Industrial pro
duct in which their States were in
terested. But when they realised what
this meant to their alignment they
changed their votes and explained
that although their States stood to
profit on this particular Item, they
appreciated that It broke down the
agreement to write nothing but an
After the bolt of Harrison and his
Democratic associates on dyestuffs,
however, the progressives threw up
the sponge and from then on it was
a case of trading, in which the two
opposing allignments split into numer
ous blocks. It was the old question
of “you vote for me and I will vote
Senator Harrison last night recalled
hat 1,028 economists signed the peti
,ion to Mr. Hoover.
“Despite that grave warning, a Re
publican Congress proceeded to pass
the Smoot-Hawley bill,’’ he said, “and
i Republican President signed it. The
result was ruinous to American trade,
Uthough the Rooeevelt administra
tion has since taken long strides for
ward in restoring commerce and in
"Now, six years later, we find the
Republican National Committee en
gaging a ‘brain trust’ in the vain hope
that it will help the party regain its
The three professors he named are
F. A. Bradford of Lehigh, Ri fus S.
Tucker of Columbia, and Niles W.
Carpenter of the University of
"Certified” by the American
Institute of Refrigeration
| • VAULTS
for furs, garments,
trunks of clothing,
rugs, tapestries, cur
tains, etc., with clean- !
ing, alterations and
repairs as may be re
and other valuables.
for silver, glass, etc.
I 14* hocks north onm mm House l
01 STRICT**1 TV*4040
I iMI tJti. i Wdleui.. ai.:; 1 nr; ^ ■: >m.’ • - i^ ;: Lii^, umL^- ..
| 'lVaSk-Omk. 1936 CABANA
|J It’s Hm topic
I of the tropics
• Puts color in your coo
=s tame and a breexe in
HI yoor step. Perforated
HI through kid lining. Yields
on your foot without loa
mg shape. White suede
with brown call
1 WOLF'S WALK-OVER SHOES a 1
§ 929 F N.W. 2 SI
-=^=^.. 1 " — 1 1 —== "-- —
A Reliable Quality of !
Odd Lots at Attractive Prices
On Our Second Floor
Friday and Saturday Only
I Dish for serving Grapes__15.00 10.00
1 Covered Vegetable Dish_ 7.00 4.00 [
5 Chop Dishes_ 10.00 6.00 j
2 Chop Dishes_ 12.00 7.00
1 Chop Dish.. 14.50 8.00
1 Asparagus Dish (Plain Border)-12.00 „ 8.00
1 Asparagus Dish (Gadroon Border)— 12.00 8.00
1 Covered Vegetable Dish (Double Com
partment) _ 18.00 12.00
1 Open Vegetable Dish (Grape Design) 15.00 10.00
1 Cocktail Tray_ 10.00 6.50
1 Cocktail Tray_ 10.00 6.00
1 Gravy Boat and Tray_ 10.00 6.00
1 Cocktail Tray.. 7.00 4.50
1 Round Gallery Tray_ 12.00 7.50
1 Oblong Gallery Tray- 20.00 15.00
1 Oblong Gallery Tray_21.00 16.50
1 Rectangular Gallery Tray- 22.50 17.50
BOWLS AND TEA SETS
1 Fruit Bowl .. 13.50 6.50
1 Fruit Bowl_ 4.00 2.50
1 Fruit Bowl_ 6.00 3.00
1 4-Pc. English Sheffield Tea Set_110.00 67.50
1 4-Pc. English Sheffield Tea Set.100.00 62.50
1 5-Piece Tea Set-. 55.00 37.50
1 Hot-Water Kettle.. 37.50 25.00
1 Meat Platter... 13.00 8.50
1 Meat Platter_r_ 15.00 7.50
1 Meat Platter_ 20.00 10.00
1 Well and Tree Meat Platter (Gadroon
Border)__ 13.50 7.50
6 Water Goblets..J/2 dox. 18.00 10.50
1 Water Pitcher... 20.00 13.50 i
1 Sugar and Cream Set_ 7.00 3.50
1 Cocktail Shaker. 12.00 8.50
1 Large Compote (Fancy Border)_18.00 10.00
1 Compotier___ 14.00 7.00
II 4-Piece Coffee Set (Hammered).18.00 9.00 jj
1 Sugar and Cream Set_ 7.00 4.50
1 29-Inch Hand-Engraved Waiter
(Georgian Period)_ 60.00 42.00
You re invited to make use Ij |
of our Divided Payment Plan.
I Hi Morris and
JEWELERS • SILVERSMITHS • DIAMOND MERCHANTS
1 1101 F St. N.W. EaL 1874 Phone DI. 0916
P 1 A -
r • l
I Five Stars
★ ★ ★ ★ ★
for these two
They're stars in the their own right too! The little off- P
the-face with the ears of a rabbit will soon be seen
in a forthcoming motion-picture .. while the coolie
mushroom is one of those wearable hats that will
go with everything from gay prints to filmy sheers. 4
Dark or pastels. j
I I 1
L. Ffank Co :-7
f ST. AT 12TH
Mrs. Grace Ross
Special representative and
stylist is here this week.
—Mrs. Ross, from Kops Bros., designer^ of the
famous Nemo-flex Foundations, will be happy
to advise you and analyze your figure problems.
She will suggest the correct type of foundation
garment suitable for your, requirements.
Nemo Wonderlift, $6.50 (aketched) to $10
Double-knit Back Senaation, $3.50 to $5
Nemo-flex Combination and Girdle Coraeta,
$3.50 to $10
Nemoloatic Foundationa, $8.50 to $16.50
— mmmoQ ..—
For Almost a Quarter of a Century
THE BEST CLOTHES EXCLUSIVELY
Beyond Competition in
Quality and Price
W I I W/ I_I
We invite your critical comparison
j . . . We feature Bench-Made Coats
and Suits in the best woolens of
every type and style ... of course
Kaplowitz offers better quality and
WOMENS MISSES JUNIORS
DRESSES SPORTSWEAR GOWNS
| CHARGE ACCOUNTS SOLICITED^ j
THE COAT AND SUIT SPECIALTY SHOP
ON THIRTEENTH STREET
BETWEEN E AND F
1727 L St. N.W.
4 Door* Eaat of Connectknt Ave.
General Clearance Sale
On All Spring Merchandise
DRESSES for street and afternoon wear, $5, 10.95
and 14.95. Were 14.95 to 29.95.
DINNER and EVENING GOWNS, 10.95, 14.95 and
18.95. Were 19.95 to 35.00.
KNIT SUITS and SPORTS WEAR, 8.95 to 18.95.
Were 16.95 to 29.95.
COATS and SUITS, 9.95 to 22.95. Were $25 to 49 JO.
Sixes 12 to 44 and half sixes.
All sales cash and final.
I Sunburn Calf
■ Because our smartest customers are asking far mar*
■ end more of this striking Summer combination, we're
I presenting it now In o graceful, "exclusively L Miller"
■ originol. Wear it for your most important afternoons
B in town or country, with the new sunburn hues, natural,
■ Or pastel colors in your wools, sharkskins and linens.
CkS.c« Burnt Wh«at tia*f«ry 19c *o 1.35
I A^C„.e Ceatpaalen bag* 3.95,4.9S and up
rTMiiuR) 1222 F N.W.
5.00 Leather Handbags
3.00 Leather Handbags
25.00 Canvas Tourobes. 19.95
50.00 Leather Tourobes 39.95
<5.00 Wardrobe Trunk. 49.95
50.00 Wardrobe Trunk. 39.95
90.00 Wardrobe Trunk. 75.00
1<5.00 Wardrobe Trunk 125.00
'JN- . ’
if.JO Men’s Leather Billfolds 4.95
10.00 Men’s Dressing Cases 4.9a
3.00 Men’s Leather Billfolds 1.9a
4.00 Men’s Hickok Belt Sets 2.95
7.J0 Zipper Dressing Cases 5.9a
' Hand Luggage
1J.00 Men’s Gladstones.. .11.95
20.00 Women’s Fitted Cases 14.95
7. JO Women’s Leather Cases 5.95
4J.00 Pigskin Gladstones. .33.75
20.00 Men’s Club Bags... .14.95
18.JO Women’s Wardrobesl2.95
4.00 Zipper Envelope Cases 2.95
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