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LEADERS OF G.O.P.
Charges Few Republicans Fostering Monopolies to Detriment of Public. By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND, May 9.—Senator Borah, Republican, of Idaho tonight asserted a segment of the Republican leadership was fostering a monopo listic system which brings “a scanty meagre living for the vast majority and almost Incalculable wealth for the few.” Appealing in a radio speech for the support of the Ohio electorate in Tues day's Republican presidential primary, he said: "Tile Republican organization and the men who are making every effort to seize control of the Cleveland con vention, the oil companies, the utility magnates, the du Ponts, the Browns of Ohio, the Edges of New Jersey, the Hilles of New York, believe in the (monopolistic) system and are its de fenders. “ 'The ox knoweth his owners and the ass his mater’s crib!’” Scores Monopolies. Devoting most of his address to an attack on monopolies, he said: "We will either drive monopoly and price fixing out of our system and re store to the disinherited millions their rightful opportunity in the economic world, or we will move to absolute governmental regimentation. And, under either, the reign of monopoly or the reign of governmental regimen tation, the free American citizens, who made this country and without whom this republic cannot exist, will disap pear as certainly as the free citizens disappeared in Germany and Italy.” The Idahoan said his critics had as serted he was "simply out to make trouble" and his answer to that was "I should like to see my party win.” He predicted thgt "if the leaders of the opposition In Ohio and their asso ciates elsewhere" controlled the Re publican convention next month it would be defeated. Speaking of conditions in 1928 and 1929. Borah said that while "fortunes were piled on fortunes” for a few, "the majority of our people had only means enough to sustain a bare ex istence. "Seventy per cent of our people struggled through with nothing but the bare necessities of life,” he said, "and over half the population had less than an adequate diet.” Blames Price-Fixing. “It was during this period, as we now know,” he added, “that 36,000 families at the dizzy top of the economic ladder enjoyed a greater Income than 12.000.000 families at the foot of the ladder.” Blaming this on the “monopoly ridden. price-fixing system.” Borah, turning to present-day conditions, as serted that although “there is evidence of recovery,” the American Federa tion of Labor reported 12,500,000 un employed and newspapers said that "we have 24,000,000 on relief, 3,000.000 more than in 1934.” He said that under past Republi can leadership “the party has for feited the confidence of the average man and woman to a degree never before experienced in history * • » I oppose them and their policies. That is the kind of trouble I am making. I confess my limitations and I shall not likely be able to do all I should like to do.” In his assault on other Republicans, he compared them to Alexander Ham ilton, who “nourished the belief that things would swing back and the old Federal principles and policies would again prevail." “Not Equal to Hamilton.” “They are not equal in genius, many of them, to Alexander Hamilton,” he added. “But In their limited way they are making the same mistake. They may sink the Republican party in their effort to return to it (the "high peak of 1929) but they will net re retum to this condition—the people will not let them. * * * “How indicative this is of the kind of recovery we speak of as recovery 1 That which drove us into the depres sion now proposes to give us recovery for only a small portion of our people. * * * “If we are traveling bafek on the road of so-called prosperity ulti mately to arrive at the destination of 1928-29, there will be no recovery for half the population of the United States. There will never be any re covery for them. They will always be hewers of wood and drawers of water.” —-• Politics (Continued From First Page.) at the drop of the hat. The remain ing 10 delegates probably would favor Col. Knox, although some of them might also slip over to Landon with out delay, provided the Landon band wagon was in motion at the conven tion. The Taft candidacy is frankly ad mitted to be merely a means of send ing an ‘‘uninstructed" delegation from Ohio to the convention. The Taft delegates will vote on the first ballot for Taft, son of the late President. As soon as the leaders and the dele gates make up their minds to which serious contender for the nomination they wish to go, they will move right over. It looks now as though nearly all of them will go to Landon without delay, providing nothing happens be tween today and the convention to upset the Landon apple cart. Landon-Borah Contest. Because of the Landon sentiment among the Taft slate of delegates, the Ohio primary takes on added signifi cance. In a measure, it is another contest between the Kansas Gover nor and the Idaho Senator. The former, however, has aligned with him in this battle the Republican State organization and the friends of Col. Knox. And by the same token, the Ohio primary has considerable significance for Senator Borah. For a long time it has been said that if he could do well in the Illinois and Ohio primaries the veteran Re publican liberal would have a good bloc of delegates in the national con vention and be a power there. Well, he did not do so badly in the Illinois primary, for he carried the State outside of Chicago. He had there the Republican organization against him, too, and a favorite son candidate. Col. Knox. Here in Ohio, however, the Repub , Mean organization is far stronger and more unified than it was in Illinois. And it is Borah against the field of candidates, and not against one man, as it was in Illinois. In a way, the Ohio primary becomes, therefore, Borah's last stand. He Is entered in A I the Oregon primary next Friday, it is j ! true, but in that State he seems to ; | have matters largely his own way. It is in Ohio he must make his mark, if it is to be made. Fight Is for Delegates. Neither Borah nor Taft is entered in the presidential preference primary, | I nor any of the serious contenders for I the Republican nomination. Stephen | A. Day—an unknown—filed his name and there it stands, alone in its glory j and the vote will mean nothing. Borah ' and Taft are fighting it out in the j j primary for the election of delegates. I Each delegate must announce on the ballot his first and second choice for President, and the names of the dele gates are printed in large black type, while their choices are printed in small type. The candidates for delegate are listed alphabetically, and not in Borah and Taft groups. So the voters must run down the list, marking the names as they see fit. This is a job the or ganization leaders fear that may result in the marking of ballots for Borah. The Republicans will elect eight delegates at large to the national con vention. The organization has a full list of eight entered, Borah has only seven. In order to promote as much harmony as possible, the organization included in its slate of delegates at large Walter F. Brown, former Post master General, a Hoover man at heart; Clarence J. Brown, who has been a Knox manager in Ohio, and a number of Landon supporters. Frank M. Ransbottom, another of the slate, is reckoned a Knox man, at least for the start of the convention balloting. Mrs. Alice Roosevelt Longworth Is running as a Taft delegate at large, too. But no one here seems to know just how Mrs. Longworth will vote when she leaves Taft. Ann^x) 4Ua..._ One thing the Ohio Republicans ap pear to be intent on. They do not intend to send a delegation to the convention to vote for the renomina tion of former President Hoover— Walter Brown or no Walter Brown. The State Committee early in the ! ' game passed a resolution to that ef-: j feet. Where Brown will go. if he is elected delegate at large, in the break up, is a matter of surmise. The Lan I don people believe he will stand for ; the Kansas Governor, despite the fact j that Hoover has not been favorable I to Landon up to date. Brown has a fair-sized crop of po litical enemies among Republicans in the State. There is a possibility— though remote—that he may be taken for a ride and not elected delegate at large. In that event one of the Borah candidates would step in. Daniel E. Morgan, long prominent in the party, is regarded as the most likely of the Borah delegates at large to win, if either Walter Brown or another of the Taft slate should fall by the wayside. Former Senator Ros- 1 coe C. McCulloch is a Borah delegate at large candidate and so is John S. Knight, Akron publisher, who has been the backbone of the Borah cam paign in this State. The Borah peo ple originally had an eighth candi date at large—Judge J. H. C. Lyon of the Youngstown district. On the last day for filing, however. Judge Lyon withdrew, saying that he had become satisfied that the interests of the G. O. P. would be better served by sending an uninstructed delegation to the convention and that his dis trict appeared to be for Landon. Borah Weak in Cincinnati. Borah has no delegates entered in the Cincinnati districts. In that sec tion of the State he has comparatively little support. Cincinnati is a strong Republican organization city. Borah’s weakness there is likely to militate strongly against the election of his candidates for deiegate-at-large in the State-wide vote. The Borah man agers say their best chances are in the sixth, seventh, eighth, fourteenth, fif teenth. sixteenth, seventeenth, eight eenth, nineteenth and twentieth dis tricts. They hope to elect one of the candidates in the twentieth (Cleve land) district. Several of these dis tricts are rural and without large cities. The claim is that Borah will be stronger out among the farmers. And he will have support, they say, from the Townsendites and Coughlin ites. Rnrnh’s rnmnoitm in v... directed against the Republican organ ization, the favorite son candidate idea, and monopoly. He refers to Taft as a "synthetic candidate” and Taft retaliates by calling Borah a "fake" candidate on the ground that the Idaho Senator stands for what Roosevelt stands for and that Borah does not really hope .0 win the nomi nation. Early in the campaign here the anti Borah Republicans made a lot of the fact that the Idaho Senator had given an opinion the Costigan anti-lynchtng bill was unconstitutional. There are about 125,000 colored voters in Ohio. Borah was held up to them as no friend of their race. Borah has re peatedly called on Taft, his opponent, to say whether he considers the Costi gan anti-lynching bill constitutional, during the last two weeks. But Taft has carefully refrained from answering the question. If his managers are correct, Taft Is not going to answer. Borah may hold that Taft’e refusal to make answer is an acknowledgment that Taft agrees with him that the Costigan bill is unconstitutional. But it is too late to get that across to many of the colored voters, particularly as Borah has practically no newspaper support in the State. Landon Lived in Ohio. t)ne of the things that is giving Landon strength in Ohio is the fact that for the first 18 years of his life he lived in Ohio and went to school at Marietta Academy. Landon was born in Pennsylvania, but a few weeks later was brought to Ohio. The Re publican State chairman. Ed Schorr, was inspired to take a poll of all the Republican organization, all the way down to the precinct workers, on the possible Republican candidates for President, last Winter. His question naire was sent to about 14.000 work ers The voting stood: For Landon, 56.3 per cent; Borah, 20.8 per cent; Knox, 13.2 per cent; Hoover, 4.1 per cent; Vandenberg, 2.9 per cent, and Dickinson, 0.6 per cent. If there should be a deadlock in the Republican convention and Lan don should not go over in the first four ballots, some of the Ohio dele gates would doubtless be found vot ing for Senator Vandenberg of Mich igan. In fact, there was a good deal of pro-Vandenberg sentiment in the State last year. The continued in sistence by Vandenberg that he was not a candidate, however, caused his supporters nere to look elsewhere. Then came a Knox boom, but that faded and the Landon movement got under way smartly. The Borah drive In Ohio is backed by the anti-organization Republicans, the outs. He has been caustic and bitter in the extreme in his attacks upon the organization. On Thursday night the organization staged a Taft rally here, and to make it all the more apparent that the Landon and Knox supporters were backing the organiza tion slate of delegates. Chairman Schorr invited John Hamilton, Lan don manager, and Edward A. Hayes, manager for Col. Knox, to take part. They did, both making speeches, as did Taft. The rally drew a small crowd—smaller than that addressed by Borah a week earlier. The man agers say that the primary campaign, as a matter of fact, has been quiet enough, and that the vote may be light on Tuesday. A light vote, inci dentally, is always an advantage to the organization. The organization has conducted an intensive campaign, and says its workers are on their toes. Taxes (Continued From First Page.) from the President for a tax on un distributed profits, the House enacted a bill levying rates up to 42 li per cent on corporate net income, depend ing on how much of it was distributed in dividends. Relief Bill Troublesome. Aside from the tax bill, the chief worry of congressional leaders in look ing ahead to adjournment is the $2,364,000,000 deficiency appropria tion bill which carries *1,425,000,000 for the next fiscal year's relief pro gram. This will pass the House tomorrow and be sent to the Senate, where Its Appropriations Committee will investi gate expenditures of last year's $4, 880,000,000 fund. Senate leaders have agreed to such an inquiry, but will seek to hold it to a study of administration of the fund and its broad results, rather than a detailed investigation, which would hold up final enactment of the bill indefinitely. Back of the appropriation bill in the House is the controversial Frazier Lemke farm refinancing measure, which administration chieftains con sider another potential threat to ad journment plans. After the relief bill has been passed tomorrow the House will vote on dis charging the Rules Committee from further consideration of the measure, which would call for the issuance of $3,000,000,000 in new currency. If the committee should be discharged, the House might spend the better part of the week debating the measure be fore taking a final vote. Robinson, looking over the legisla tive situation, asserted things were moving along satisfactorily. “With taxes and relief on their way,” he said, "we are liable to ad journ by the first of June, more probably by June 6.” The Democratic leader said the Senate would recess tomorrow out of respect for Senator Trammel of Flor ida, who died Friday night. On Tues day it will take up the commodities exchange regulation bill. This, he said, will be followed by the $360,000. 000 omnibus flood control bin. Democratic members of the Finance Committee, who met yesterday to dis cuss alternatives, were chary of com ment on what had taken place. They readily agreed, however, that they had been going over revenue estimates on other plans with experts. The experts, they said, reported that several of the alternatives under discussion would raise as much rev enue, or more, as the undistributed profits tax plan. One proposal for raising the pres ent corporation taxes S per cent and « subjecting dividends to the normal income tax, however, was found to fall short. Instead of raising $600,000,000, the experts reported this would bring in only about $500,000,000. Senator Hastings. Republican, of Delaware, a member of the Finance Committee, said in a statement he did not propose to make a "political foot ball” out of the tax bill, but would co-operate to improve it. He said it had been suggested the bill mould make excellent campaign material, and that the Republicans should for that reason aid in its pas sage, but he felt the tax issue was "too serious to make it into a political foot ball.” -• COMPASSIONATE HEART ORDER IS CONFERRED Russian - American Society of World War Veterans Honors Two. Order of the Compassionate Heart has been presented by the Russian Amerlcan Society of World War Vet erans to John J. Crim. national legis lative chairman of the Army and Navy Union, and to Barr Lenhart, commander of the Federal Chapter of the D. A. V., according to an nouncements yesterday. Presentations were made at the an nual ball of the society held lasft Wednesdnay night at the Shorehom Hotel, m’ith Senator Royal S. Cope land, patron and first to hold the or der, the principal speaker. A. N. Chernow, executive member of the National Committee of the American Citizens of Russian Descent, also spoke, emphasizing the organiza tion's opposition to all activities det rimental to the patriotic interests of the United States. Others who have received the or der include Secretary Dern. Secretary Swanson and Gen. Frank Hines, ad ministrator of veterans' affairs of the Veterans’ Administration. French Curious Rout Lindbergh's - ~ - i ■ i na————— k , V ^ .^i.-r * narr-mn *i Col and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh walking along the shore at Boulogne. France, after they were recognized by crowds on the beach. They were forced to return to England to avoid the curious. _—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. I OF BRUNO? GUILI ■ G-Man Chief Breaks Silence in Kansas City Star in Review. i By the Associated Press. I KANSAS CITY, May 9 —The Star 1 says In a Washington dispatch that J. Edgar Hoover “broke his silence on the Lindbergh case" today, emphas- i sizing the Government’s confidence i that the crime was entirely the work of the executed Bruno Hichard Hauptmann. “Do you think. Mr. Hoover, that Hauptmann crawled through the nursery window and kidnaped the Lindbergh baby?” The Star said its correspondent asked the director of the Bureau of Investigation. “The Department of Justice, be lieves he did." Hoover' was quoted in reply. Then he went on to explain Hauptmann was by no means just a “simple carpenter.” “Bruno was smart and clever along with it,” Hoover said. “He was alert, j agile and could easily have climbed his improvised ladder and taken the Lindbergh baby from its crib.” Queried concerning reports that 1 “the ransom notes continue to bob up,” Hoover said: “Not a dollar of ransom money has been reported since Hauptmann's ar rest.” He acknowledged receipt of “er roneous reports” of the money, the most recent coming from Boston two weeks ago. Since the arrest of Hauptmann arjt location of the ransom money the Government has not figured in the j case “and there has been no addi tional information or clues turned in to throw a different light on the crime.” - ...-• Fire (Continued From First Page.) to enable the firemen to approach the structure. As drums of gasoline exploded in the ] basement of the plant, fresh fuel was j added to the flames. Estimates of the damage were not I available last night In the absence of plant officials, but unofficial Fire De partment reports ranged between $25, 000 and $50,000. The company was engaged In man ufacture of chlorophyll dye, a vege table extract, used for food and paper products. R. H. Van Sant, president | of the company, of 1307 Twenty-ninth street was en route here from New ; York City last night. Recent discov eries have proved the extract also a valuable agent for treatment of cer tain dietary deficiencies and efforts have been made to concentrate it in capsule form for distribution in med- j ical usage, it was said. The gasoline stored in the basement ! was used in distilling the extract after its removal from plants by solvents, j The manufacturing procedure is ex- j pensive and the finished product is of | considerable value. So stubborn was the blaze that the first apparatus did not leave the scene until three hours after the first alarm was turned in. Twenty-eight pieces of apparatus responded to the three alarms and hoee lines almost covered the streets. Three pieces of apparatus remained at the scene until shortly before midnight to watch for a new outbreak. -• Japanese Build Mills in China. Japanese are building and operat ing new cotton mills in China. SEEKS TO SPEED UP GLENN DALE WORK Jol. Sultan Suggests P. W. A. In crease Working Hours to 40. Fearing that completion of the adult ruberculosts Hospital at Glenn Dale, tfd.. may be delayed by a shortage of mion mechanics, Engineer Commis ioner Dan I. Sultan yesterday sug [ested to the Public Works Admin stration that the men be allowed to cork 40 hours a week. The recent rush of private building iperations here, where mechanics can nake more wages per week than at 31enn Dale, where P. W. A. rules now imit work to 30 hours a week, is teeping the supply of mechanics at ^i the hospital project far below the number needed. Col. Sultan has been informed. The project Is financed by a P. W. A. loan and prevailing wages are paid. While these are the same as union wages, the limited work week and* the distance of the job from the city has held down the supply of workmen. The contractor is employ ing only union men. Easing of the work-week limit of hours may speed construction of the hospital, Col. Sul tan believes. SEARCHERS FIND BODY Missing Boston Business Man Believed Suicide. TRURO, Mass., May 9. —Search for Edvard T. B'gelow, 55-year-old re tired Boston business man, ended late today with the discovery of,his body by three C. C. C. youth*. Medical Examiner Frank O. Cass of • Provincetown declared that Bigelow, missing from his North Truro farm since May 6, “apparently committed suicide” Bigelow, his wife and son. came to the farm for a rest several days ago. - Glasgow May Cover Coal Mine. Glasgow. Scotland, may be On top of a coal mine, if the oiler of a Scot tish mining concern is accepted The company proposes to sink a shaft in the Pollok district, covering 3 square miles. It is estimated that 11,000.000 " tons of coal should be extracted and that there would be work for 800 men for 40 years. Glasgow’s City Council is opposing the project be cause it has had plans drawn for more than 4,000 houses to be built on the land. I [ 11 ■i*i«MiMM*iilitiiiiilrtMi.l.ii..iir.il. m n ■ if . ■■ ■ in |i hi ■ umtrmmiMu J We Have Money to Loan JP^ BANK has two important services to offer the community. One is in providing a safe place for surplus funds. Equally important is supplying loans when they are required by individual members of. the community. The busi ness of a bank is necessarily based on this latter service, and it is a service that we are anxious to have understood. The requirements for loans are reason able and easily met by most individuals. \ Any Officer of Our Bank Will Be Glad to Discuss Your Financial Problem Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - ’W"—~—V T—r.— ' .......... ,/'*v £«*', i'>x' - • v > : *p ‘ > * W1 '# •> > > : • ' ' ~ • . ■ ■ Morris Plan Bank “The Bank Built bg Service? 1408 H Street, N.W. > ___ 1 ’ ' / m I Priced at Only 5-YEAR PROTECTION PLAN On the sealed in mechanical unit in cluded in the purchase price. NO MONEY DOWN UP TO 3 YEARS TO PAY Visit the Used Refrigerator Dept, at 814-816 F St. N.W. Store I MORE VALUES AT GEORGE'S ON New and Reconditioned Frigidaires Used Frigidaire $ ^ Q. 5 0 Former Litt, $167.50 J ^F Your "small change" in Used 1934 Master, 4 Cubic ft. $1 f\r\ 50 Ihis clK,ric,c.loc,k P”*5 f.™, S,a, SlK* for o new Fng.do.re. Brand-new, 1935, 4 Cubic ft. $113 Former Litt, $119.50 I I 3 Brand-new, 1935, 5 Cubic ft- Si J Q Former Litt, $152.50 I mO Brand-New, 1935, 5 Cubic ft- Cl C C 5 Cubic foot, 1935 *** I J 3 Former Litt, $188.50