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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 11, 1936, Image 1

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WEATHER.
The only evening paper
tomorrow; gentle south and southwest In Washington With the
wi?5*- . . . _ . . Associated Press News
Temperatures — Highest, 67, at 5:30 __ j u,, , , ~
p.m. yesterday; lowest. 56. at 4 a.m. today. and WirephOtO berVICeS.
Pull report on Page B-8.
Cloiing New York Market!, Page 16__ _SSh 142,178
No. 33,613. mDUcr WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MAY 11, 1936-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. **** <*> Mean. Associated Press. TWO CENTS.
Ml WALKS OUT
AS LEAGUE WEIGHS
SELASSIE’S APPEAL
/ INST CONQUEST
Italy Will Not Negotiate in
Presence of Delegate
. From Ethiopia, Council Is
Informed.
JO QUIT GENEVA FIRST,
ROME’S ENVOY HINTS
British Cabinet Is Called to For
mulate Sanctions Policy—Fugi
tive Emperor, in Jerusalem, De
clares Mussolini's War Most
Cruel and Unfair Ever Waged.
BACKGROUND—
In two speeches that smacked of
Caesar's ambitious utterances be
fore the Roman Senate centuries
k ago, Mussolini has revived inter
■ est in empire in the breasts of sub
B jects governed from Rome. He
r thundered to a nation, instead of
merely a city, that "Ethiopia is
Italian," and followed this up by
an edict of annexation. He de
manded reorganization of the
League of Nations.
(Copyright. 1936, by the Associated Press.)
GENEVA, May 11. — Baron
Pompeo Aloisi, Italy’s envoy to
Geneva, walked out of the
League of Nations Council ses
sion late today when it took up
the question of conquered Ethi
opia. He announced that Italy
could not negotiate in the pres
ence of the “so-called delegate
, from Ethiopia.”
His dramatic exit followed a bitter
protest from Haile Selassie himself
against Mussolini's annexation of the
African kingdom, and Italian hints
that Italy would bolt the League rather
than discuss Ethiopia in the presence
of an agent of Selassie.
However, an Italian spokesman said
Aloisi merely was leaving the council
on this particular occasion, and that
the Fascist state was not resigning
from the League.
Regards Question as Settled.
The baron departed with his entire
delegation. One of its members told
the Associated Press: “We have left
because was cannot discuss this ques
tion With the Ethiopian. Moreover, as
the Italo-Ethiopian question is liqui
dated, we ho not wish to discuss the
question at the council.”
Selassie's agent, Wolde Mariam, has
Insisted upon being invited to every
I session of the council which discussed
the Italo-Ethiapian question. Baron
Aloisi, It was said, contended the
Ethiopian problem was liquidated Sat
urday when Mussolini announced the
Roman empire and the disappearance
of the sovereignty of Ethiopia.
A member of the Italian delegation
asked permission of J. A. C. Avenol,
the League's secretary general, to file
Premier Mussolini's decree annexing
Ethiopia officially with the League.
Avenol refused, but acoepted copies
for his personal information only. He
told the Italian that he must reserve
all League rights concerning the valid
ity of the decrees.
Says War Cruelty Record.
Selassie, from his Jerusalem seat of
exile, declared Mussolini’s war to
have been the mo6t cruel and unfair
ever waged, said it left Ethiopia
afflicted with a downpour of poison
gas.
But, he Insisted. Ethiopians would
rontlnue to fight for the preservation
of international law and the collective
system of security.
, He implored the League to take no
action that would legitimatize Italy’s
"outrageous” aggression.
As the council members gathered,
the view prevailed that existing sanc
tions would be maintained.
Britain’s Policy Guarded.
The leading sanctionist nation,
Great Britain, was stated to be official
ly ignorant of II Duce's annexation of
Ethiopia and the decree making King
Victor Emmanuel of Italy "Emperor”
of that vanquished land.
No formal diplomatic contacts have
taken place between the British and
the Italians since the annexation, it
was pointed out. Dino Grandl, the
Italian Ambassador to London, was in
Keane, where he attended Saturday
Bight’s historic Grand Council session.
The British cabinet was called to
hear reports from Foreign Secretary
Anthony Eden at Geneva and the
Ambassador to Rome, Sir Eric Drum
mond, on developments in the Ethio
pian situation, so as to be able to for
mulate its policy regarding sanctions
' against Italy.
A mysterious Ethiopian, Baccha
Ourod, reached Geneva. It was re
ported he was demanding the right to
represent Ethiopia. The Italians,
however, said they did not know him.
(U. S. PROTEST REPORTED
IN SMUGGLING OF GAS
Japanese Taking Contraband Into
North China, Consul Gen
eral Quoted.
Sy the Associated Press.
TIENTSIN, China, May 11.—Ver
nacular newspapers reported today
the American consul general, J. K.
Caldwell, protested to Chinese customs
authorities against alleged smuggling
of gasoline into North China by
Japanese.
The newspapers estimated the smug
k gling entailed a loss of $120,000 a day,
threatening a collapse of the whole
structure of China’s national customs.
\ Nanking authorities started an in
vestigation with a view to checking
wholesale smuggling, which also aft
^sets vitally American trade.
Dr. Eckener in Capital
Leaving the super-Zeppelin Hindenburg at Lakehurst, N. J+
Dr. Hugo Eckener, who was in command, of the giant craft dur
ing its flight across the Atlantic, came to Washington today.
He is shown at the Navy Department with Admiral William H.
Standley, Acting Secretary of the Navy. —Star Staff Photo.
Visit W. P. A. Office After
Night in Hotel on Wel
fare Fund.
Thirty-four young men and women,
handicapped In their struggle for a
living by physical disabilities, filed
slowly into the office of Harry L.
Hopkins, works progress administra
tor, this afternoon for an audience
they have sought for months.
The interview represented a tri
umph for perseverance on the part
of the group—members of the New
Yoik League for the Physically Handi
capped. who rode into Washington by
truck early Saturday to demand an
end of “discrimination” against them
by relief authorities.
Before setting out to see Hopkins,
they held a meeting in the Harring
ton Hotel to make certain that noth
ing should go awry in this talk,
planned by their leaders since Janu
ary. when they unsuccessfully pick
eted W. P. A. headquarters in New
York City.
They had to encamp for 40 hours
on the seventh floor of the Walker
Johnson Building, where Hopkins has
his office, before they could obtain a
promise from Deputy Administrators
Aubrey Williams and Thad Holt that
they could see the national W. P. A.
chieftain.
Night Spent in HoteL
When Williams and Holt gave in
late last night, they arranged at the
same time to furnish them with
$3.50 apiece, out of which was to
come a night’s lodging at the Har
rington, where they slept four to a
room for $1.25. The determined
group, led by Miss Sylvia Flexer, the
(See CRIPPLES, Page 2.>
UPRISING OF RADICALS
FEARED IN PHILIPPINES
Sakdalistas Reported Planning
Rebellion in Rizal Province
Tomorrow.
MANILA, May 11 (JP).—Radical Sak
dalistas were reported today to be
planning an uprising in Rizal Prov
ince tomorrow. Soldiers and police
were ordered to redouble their vigil
ance in the Sakdal-ridden province,
which was involved in the Sakdallsta
rebellion a year ago, when 58 persons
were killed.
Capt. Sotero Cacdac, provincial
commander of the Philippine constab
ulary, advised Army executives here
he had confidential information that
Benigno Ramos, head of the Sakdalis
tas, now self-exiled in Japan, had or
dered an uprising the night of May
12 to embarras the government of
President Manuel Quezon.
Last year Ramos messaged his fol
lowers to revolt on May 12, but through
an error in transmission the date was
changed to May 2. That rebellion
spread through several provinces dur
ing which the Extremists seized brief
control of a few towns.
The majority of Sakdalistas are
poor, uneducated farm laborers.
Strikers Beat Woman.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., May 11 UP).—
Striking woman garment workers
broke through police lines and at
tacked a woman worker entering a
plant here today, beating and scratch
ing her before offlcers restored quiet.
Strength of New Deal in
Pivotal State Hotly Dis
puted as Vote Nears.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, May 11—On
the Democratic primary ballot, stick
ing out like a sore thumb, is the
challenge of Col. Henry Breckinridge
to President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
in presidential preference primary
which is to be decided at the polls to
morrow.
The Democratic David does not
expect to upset the New Deal Goliath.
He is merely offering himself, as he
did in Pennsylvania and Maryland
and will offer himself In New Jersey,
& a rallying post for those Democrats
who cannot support the Roosevelt
New Deal.
How many votes will Breckinridge
get In this State? No one hazards
a guess. The Democrats Insist his
vote will be both small and meaning
less. It will be interesting, however,
for Ohio is the only Midwest State,
the only State West of the Alleghanies,
in which Breckinridge or any other
anti-Roosevelt Democrat has offered
to run in the primaries against the
President. If Breckinridge does as
(See POLITICS, Page A-S.)
WEEK END ACCIDENTS
COST LIVES OF 68
Census Bureau Begins Weekly
Analysis of Crashes in Ef
for to Cut Toll.
By tbe Associated Press.
Automobile accidents took at least
68 lives during the week end marked
by the inauguration of census by the
United States Government Census
Bureau to chart accidental fatalities
of all kinds.
Illinois led the States with 11 deaths,
while there were 8 in Indiana and 7
in North Carolina.
The Census Bureau announced Sun
day a weekly analysis of accidents
would be made to mark the course of
the accident prevention conference's
attempt to reduce them.
Scientific driving tests given last
week by the Harvard University’s
Bureau of Street Traffic Research
showed the majority of 2,344 drivers
tested were slow in stopping in emer
gencies.
NAMES SENT SENATE
Nominations of Minister to Ethio
pia and Cramp Forwarded.
Cornelius Van H. Engert, Minister
to Ethiopia, was nominated for pro
motion by President Roosevelt today
in recognition of his defense of the
Addis Ababa Legation from marauders.
Also advanced in nominations sent
to the Senate was William M. Cramp,
vice consul at Addis Ababa.
Both men were advanced a grade
in the diplomatic service. Engert was
promoted to a foreign service officer
of class 1 and Cramp to class 8 and
a consul. The promotion means about
>1,000 more annually to Engert and
>500 to Cramp.
Study of Anaphylactic Shock
Reveals Ice May Act as Poison
BY THOMAS R. HENRY,
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., May 11.—A
glass of milk, a few gulps of orange
juice, a sudden chilling or heating, an
injection of novocain, a whifl of ether,
inhalation of a little dust, a scratch—
and a dead child.
One of the weirdest stories in the
recent history of medicine is presented
in exhibits set up here for the an
nual convention of the American “Med
ical Association. It deals with the
dramatic and hitherto unsuspected
effects of minute amounts of sub
stances common in everyday life.
A piece of ice pressed against the
arm for a few minutes may act as a
weird and virulent poison.
The raw white of an egg eaten bu
child may cause death from
monia in a few days, or may chu(e
the features of a handsome little boy
into those of an ogre.
Sunlight may send persons into
epileptic-like convulsions.
The most dramatic effects are those
associated with a phenomenon known
as anaphylactic shock. This has been
known for some time in animals, but
hitherto has escaped attention in hu
mans, according to data presented by
Dr. George L. Waldbott of Detroit.
But tor a long time there have been
sudden and Inexplicable deaths of
children which have been diagnosed
as “thymic deaths,” supposedly due to
an enlarged thymus gland in the chest
pressing against the heart or lungs.
This anaphylactic shock apes the
thymic syndrome. It comes when a
person gets into the system soma
substance to which there fc a par
(SeeSCDENGB, Pag^T)
L -•
ECKENER IN CITY;
ZEPPELIN RETURN
TO START TONIGHT
Famed Navigator Calls on
President—Leaves This
Afternoon.
RECORD HELD LIKELY
ON WEST-EAST FLIGHT
Take-Off Set Between 10 P.M. and
Midnight From Lakehurst
Base.
Dr. Hugo Eckener of the Zeppelin
Hindenburg made a “flying" trip to
Washington today, into which he
crowded a call on President Roosevelt,
a round of official visits, an Interview
and luncheon at the German Embassy.
Following a brief stay at the White
House, Dr. Eckener, with his party,
proceeded to the German Embassy.
He was to leave Washington at 3
o'clock for New York.
Dr. Eckener's time here was limited,
since the Hindenburg will sail from
Lakehurst, N. J., at Between 10
o’clock and midnight tonight on her
return voyage. He plans to return
by plane If weather permits.
He paused long enough to talk to
newspaper men during a call at the
Navy Department. The veteran de
signer of Zeppelins said the newest
craft can make 80 miles an hour and
may break the Atlantic speed record
If aided by favorable winds.
aneni on romira.
Questioned concerning German poli
tics, Dr. Eckener said: “I am not a
politician. I read something about
troubles in Germany, but they are all
wrong.”
The visitor, it was supposed, refer
red to reports that he had had a dis
agreement with Chancellor Hitler.
A reporter asked as to the Hinden
burg’s possibilities in event of war.
“We are concerned with commercial
developments,” Dr. Eckener said. “As
to the possibilities of war, we are not
concerned with those.”
Dr. Eckener was asked if he hoped
to break any trans-Atlantic speed rec
ords on the return crossing.
“I fear that at this time we will not
break the Lindbergh record of 33
hours. But at some later time." he
declared, shaking his linger at report
ers, “we will do so. It should not be
impossible with a favorable wind to
cross in 30 hours or less.”
Recalb Previous Visit.
Dr. Eckener recalled that on an
other visit to Washington several years
ago he Inspected a possible site for
a dirigible landing field in Hybla Val
ley, near Alexandria, with the late
Rear Admiral William A. Moffett,
since killed in the crash of the Akron.
“It is a good field,” Dr. Eckener
said.
A reporter reminded him that on
the inspection trip he had been chased
by a bull
"Yes,” smiled the visitor, “it was
a good fence which protected us.”
Dr. Eckener's party was shown
through the Navy Department by
Capt. William D. Puleston, director
of Naval Intelligence, in whose office
the press conference was held.
With Dr. Eckener was Capt. Ernst
Lehmann, commander of the Hinden
burg; H. von Melster, American rep
resentative of the Zeppelin Co., and
Lieut. Gen. Friedrich von Boetticher,
military and air attache at the Ger
man Embassy.
Calls on Standley.
The party called on Admiral William
H. Standley, Acting Secretary of the
Navy, and then went to see Rear Ad
miral Ernest J. King, chief of the
Bureau of Aeronautics. While the
party was there it was joined by Ad
miral King’s successor, Rear Admiral
Arthur B. Cook, who has just been
transferred here from command of
the U. 8. 8. Lexington, aircraft car
rier. Admiral King is to leave for sea
duty soon.
Dr. Eckener also went tor a chat
with Rear Admiral Gilbert J. Rowcliff,
director of Naval Communications,
whose bureau kept in touch with the
Hlndenburg by radio during the voyage
across the Atlantic.
The party then paid calls at the
, Commerce, State and Post Office De
vow Avzuuibn, rage A*a.;
WARMER WEATHER DUE
TO PREVAIL TOMORROW
End to “Cool Spell’’ It Predicted
by Forecaster—Mercury at
56 This Morning.
High temperatures are expected to
prevail again tomorrow, the Weather
Bureau said today in predicting an
end to the current "cool spell.”
The foreoast was “generally fair"
and wanner tonight and tomorrow.
This afternoon probably will be clear
and continued cool.
The mercury took a sudden drop
yesterday, the afternoon high mark
being only 67, as compared with the
90 registered Saturday. The low this
morning was 56 at 4 o’clock.
Readers9 Guide
Page.
Amusements...JB-18
Answers to Questions_A-8
Comics__ B-14
Cross-word Puzzle_B-14
Death Notices_A-10
Editorial_A-8
Finance _A-15-16-17
Lost and Found.A-S
News Comment Features ..A-9
Radio _A-14
Serial Story_B-15
Short Story.B-15
Society .. B-3-4
Sports .A-12-13-14
Washington Waysldo?-A-2
Women’s Features—JB-12-13
/ aw.shucksA
the boys are
RUNK/INr1NOLD
\ jouett shouse
\STuFFOMMEiy
_FOOD FOR KEYNOTE THOUGHT!
DEFEAT FORECAST
Speaker Byms Tells Press
Frazier-Lemke Measure
Has No Chance.
BACKGROUND—
Sponsors of Frazier-Lemke bill
have made yearly attempts to en
act legislation for writing off farm
indebtedness.
Present measure calls for issu
ance of 13,000,000,000 in new
money to refinance existing farm
mortgages. By its terms, farmers
would pay the Government 1V4 per
cent interest and 1 >4 per cent prin
cipal each year. Inflation fear and
constitutionality doubts are most
powerful influences against meas
ure.
ay the Associated Press.
Speaker Byms told his press con
ference today the Frasier-Lemke farm
debt financing bill had no “more
chance of passing than anything In
the world.”
“I'd gamble on It,” he said.
The Speaker conceded, however,
that there was a possibility the House
might agree to take from the Rules
Committee a rule for consideration of
the controverted measure to refinance
farm debts with $3,000,000,000 of new
currency.
But ne argued tnat adoption oi me
rule would be a different matter and
would command a fewer votes.
Forces Are Mustered.
Leaders on both sides of the fight
were mustering their forces.
The first House test of the meas
ure was due to start this afternoon
following passage of the relief and
deficiency appropriation bill and while
leaders predicted an emphatic defeat.
Representative Lemke, Republican, of
North Dakota said that the House was
certain to pass the bill.
Representative Boland of Pennsyl
vania, the Democratic whip, was
working strenuously against it. He
said, “I have no hesitancy in saying
I’m doing everything possible to de
feat the bllL”
Parliamentary Tests Ahead.
The measure faced two parlia
mentary tests before getting to the
floor for debate. First on the sched
ule was a House vote on whether to
discharge the Rules Committee from
consideration of a rule permitting the
bill to be called up tomorrow for
six hours’ general debate.
Should the vote be in the affirma
tive, the House then would decide
whether to adopt the rule. If it did,
the debate would be held, to be fol
lowed by a vote on the measure Itself.
Democratic chiefs said some members
who are opposed to the Frazier-Lemke
bill itaelf believe it should be per
mitted to go to a vote on its merits.
Poes of the bill contend it con
stitutes inflation, while Representa
tive Lemke argues it is not inflation
ary, because the new currency would
be backed by farm mortgages as se
curity.
Boland predicted a close battle on
the first vote today. He said Demo
crats would think twice before voting
to support a Republican in taking leg
islation away from a Democratic com
mittee. Should they vote to dis
charge the Rules Committee, he
argued, politicians back home will use
it as a strong talking point.
“If I voted to do that,” he said, “I
don’t believe I would have the sup
port of my county organization and
there are plenty more in the same
position”
A test on the legislation was forced
when 218 members signed up a peti
tion automatically allowing the vote
to discharge the Rules Committee.
FIRE RAZES 6 BUILDINGS
Downtown Section of Webster
Springs, W. Va., Hit by flames.
WEBSTER SPRINGS, W. Va., May
11 (JP).—Flames destroyed six build
ings today in the downtown section of
this community, causing damage es
timated by firemen at between $50,000
and $75,000.
The biggest building burned was
the J. D. Cutllp store, a two story
structure, with apartments on the
second floor.
Three persons in the apartments—
the only occupants—awakened and
gave the alarm summoning volunteer
firefighters from surroui^ing towns.
The cause of the dF was unde
termined.
Illness Fatal
A. MITCHELL PALMER.
MITCHELLPALMER
DIES JOE AT W
Attorney General in Wilson
Cabinet Was III Several
Weeks.
A. Mitchell Palmer. Attorney Gen
eral in the Wilson administration, died
today in Emergency Hospital. He was
64 years old.
Death followed an illness of several
weeks. Palmer, who was once alien
property custodian and also a Repre
sentative from Pennsylvania, was op
erated on for appendicitis April 29.
Was “Fighting Quaker."
Bom of peace-loving Quaker stock,
Mr. Palmer battled so vigorously for
his conceptions of Justice when serving
as Attorney General that he became
known as “the fighting Quaker.”
Within a period of eight years—
from 1912 to 1920—he led a successful
battle in the Baltimore Democratic
Convention for the nomination of
Woodrow Wilson, served as a member
of the House, turned down the post of
Secretary of War, acted as alien prop
erty custodian and Attorney General,
sought the Democratic presidential
nomination and engaged in a series of
unusually bitter controversies in and
out of Congress over his work in office.
Nominated as Attorney General on
February 27, 1919. he was not con
firmed until August 29 of that year.
In the meantime, however, adminis
tration of his previous post as alien
property custodian became a subject
of live controversy.
Bomb Exploded at Home.
Regardless of this, he received a
recess appointment to head the Justice
Department and immediately em
barked on a campaign against “Reds"
which was marked by the explosion of
a bomb at his home here on the
night of June 2 of that year. This led
(See PALMER, Page 2.)
DEFICIENCY BILL
PASSED BY HOUSE
$1,425,000,000 Appropria
tion for* Work-Relief in
Measure Sent to Senate.
BACKGROUND—
President Roosevelt has asked
$1, SOO,0000,000 to finance relief
program in next fiscal year. In
House, administration forces beat
down attempts to earmark nearly
half this sum for P. W. A. and
to decentralize W. P A. Provis
ion was inserted that prevailing
wages must be paid on W. P. A.
projects.
Hopkins has informed both
President and Congress that more
funds will be needed before year
is over unless private employment
shows marked pick-up.
The $2,364,229,712 deficiency
bill carrying the administration's
$1,425,000,000 work-relief appro
priation lor 1937 was passed by the
House today and sent to the Sen
ate.
By the Associated Press.
A Republican effort to force substi
tution of State grants for Works Prog
ress Administration handling of the
$1,425,000,000 relief fund was rejected
today by the House.
The vote was on a motion by Repre*
sentative Taber, Republican, of New
York, to send the big bill back to the
Appropriations Committee with in
structions to substitue his previously
defeated amendment for State grants,
with local administration by non
partisan boards and State contribu
tions of at least 25 per cent.
The State grant fight was scheduled
to be renewed in the Senate, where
the measure goes from the House.
Ballot Is Delayed.
The ballot on Taber’s motion was
delayed by a parliamentary tangle
over a statement in the Congressional
Record. Taber contended remarks ex
tended in the Congressional Record
by Representative Martin. Democrat,
of Colorado, represented him as de
fending W. P. A. when the contrary
was true.
A motion by Taber to have the re
marks expunged from the Record was
voted down, 240 to 114. Martin, who
said it was a Printing Office error,
then asked that the Record be cor
rected. Representative Snell, the Re
publican leader, objected, however, on
grounds the majority had gone on
record as wanting an erroneous
record.
On a standing vote on Taber’s reso
lution. the vote was 86 to 80 against
it. The Republicans forced a roll-call
vote.
The unsuccessful fight in the- House
tSee REUEFTPage 4.)
Firemen Risk Lives for Dog.
PITTSBURGH, May 11 (AP).—Three
firemen risked their lives today in a
vain effort to save a mongrel from
a ledge nearly 150 feet above a river
front street. They were lowered 50
feet to the ledge. The dog leaped
away from them and tumbled 130
feet to a railroad track.
Quadruplets’ Turn for Worse
Brings Call for Human Milk
(Picture on Page A~4.)
By the Associated Press.
PASSAIC, N. J„ May 11.—The
Kasper quadruplets took a turn for
the worse today. It was learned re
liably at St. Mary’s Hospital, and
emergency steps were Immediately
taken to prolong their lives.
The 3-day-old babies — Frances,
Frank, Ferdinand and Felix—appar
ently weakened suddenly during the
forenoon and lost their healthy color,
hospital attaches said. Their tem
peratures dropped below normal.
Dr. Frank F. Jani, who delivered
the quadruplets Saturday, Issued a
call for human milk. Through the co
operation of Mayor Florello H. La
Guardia of New York, a 10-ounce sup
ply was obtained from a dispensary
in that city and was being rushed
here.
Further details cm the exact condi
tions of the babies were withheld at
the hospital. The mother, Mrs. Emil
Kasper, was reported recovering nicely
and apparently was unaware of the
change In the babies’ conditions.
The sudden change upset ex
pectatlons that the Quadruplets had
a "brighter” chance for life because
of the way they had been responding
to treatment and gaining weight on
a medicine-dropper diet.
Dr. Jani called the collective in
crease In weight "most unusual" so
soon after birth. He expressed par
ticular satisfaction that the last ar
rival “not so strong” as the others,
had maintained its weight while each
of the others gained an ounce.
Emil Kasper is “the real sufferer,”
said Mayor Joseph Zabransky of Lit
tle Ferry where the $22-a-week house
worker lives. Zabransky said the
father has had "absolutely no peace
since the babies were bom; people
are trying to sign him to every kind
of a contract.”
Mayor Benjamin F. Turner of
Passaic where the babies were bom
in St Mary’s Hospital, said he would
go to Trenton to seek Oov. Harold O.
Hoffman’s aid in obtaining an ap
propriation for the care of the chil
dren, at least until they can leave the
hospital.
Mayor Zabransky also voiced the
belief that thtr State should aid in
bringing up the children.
SENATORS TO ASK
TAX BILL DEFENSE
Wallace and Jones Also to
Testify Before Finance
Committee.
BYRD ASKS REPLY
BY TREASURY HEAD
Virginian Says Larger Corpora
tions Escape All Levy Un
der Plan.
BACKGROUND—
House agreed to President Roose
velt’s proposal that corporate tax
structure be revised, with levy on
undistributed profits becoming
principal provision of new tax pro
gram.
Business has voiced consistent
opposition to legislation, and more
independent Democratic members
of Senate Finance Committee have
indicated doubts about supporting
plan. Amount of revenue yield
and probable effects on industry
have been uncertain throughout,
hy the Associated Press.
The Senate Finance Committee de
cided today to call Secretary Morgen
thau and Treasury experts tomorrow
to answer criticisms of the House
tax bill before getting down to serious
consideration of the measure.
Secretary Wallace and Jesse H.
Jones, chairman of the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp., also will testify.
Chairman Harrison said the appear
ance of Wallace did not necessarily
mean revival of the plan for impos
ing new processing taxes.
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Vir
ginia asked to have Morgenthau ap
pear to anAver his contention that
the proposed tax on undistributed
profits would permit many giant cor
porations to operate without paying
any taxes.
Harrison said Herman Oliphant,
Treasury general counsel, would un
dertake to give the administration's
reply to the protests voiced in open
hearings to the House bill.
The committee's decision to recall
Treasury experts was considered a
further indication of doubts about
the House bill.
Procedure Discussed.
At the closed session today, lasting
about two hours, there was little effort
to debate the merits of the proposal,
committee members said. Most of the
discussion was about procedure.
After the executive session Harrison
still contended the "general theory’*
of President Roosevelt's tax recom
mendations would be approved, but
conceded there would be changes in
the House bill.
For the first time he took cognizance
of proposals for a compromise to con
tinue present corporate taxes with
levies on surpluses superimposed.
Without committing himself to this
proposal, which has been widely dis
cussed among committee members,
Harrison said it would carry out the
theory of the President's recom
mendations and could be easily sub
stituted for the House bill.
"The general theory the President
had in mind, of increasing revenue and
providing a wider distribution of earn
ings, will be enacted,” Harrison said.
Jesse Jones Called.
Harrison said Jones was being called
for questioning In connection with cor
poration indebtedness and the bill's
effect on it.
"We felt the R. P. C.'s view, since
it has made so many loans, would be
very much worth while in this con
nection,” Harrison said, adding that
the R. F. C. had made many loans
to railroads which have pleaded for
exemption from the undistributed prof
its tax proposal.
Wallace, Harrison said, would be
asked not only about processing taxes,
which were recommended by the Presi
dent, but also about the House bill's
provision for a windfall tax on re
funded processing taxes.
Ai i liv Aicciucm o icwuiuiciiuaiiuii
for new processing taxes should bo
seriously considered, Harrison said,
the committee would have to hold
brief hearings on the subject.
The testimony of the administra
tion officials tomorrow, the committee
chairman said, will be in executive
session.
Harrison disclosed that Treasury
experts had worked out a simplifica
(See TAXES, Page 2.)
GAS STATIONUNION
CONTINUES STRIKE
Rejects as “Dictatorial” Labor Of
ficial's Request Men Return
to Work.
By the Associated Press.
MINNEAPOLIS, May 11.—The ex
ecutive board of the striking union
gasoline station employes today re
jected as "dictatorial” a request by
Meyer Lewis, American Federation of
Labor representative, that the men go
back to work. •
Lewis, in a communication to the
union last night? asked that the men,
who walked out early Thursday in
Minneapolis and St. Paul, go back to
their jobs. The strike problem, Lewis
said, was to be referred to J. E. O'Con
ner of Washington, United States
Department of Labor conciliator.
George R. Lund, business agent of
the union, said:
“The strike was caUed by a vote
of the union membership and cannot
be terminated without their consent.”
A special meeting of the union strike
committee was called for today.
The strike was called to protest
against what the union termed abuses
in leasing of stations by the oU com
panies.
A number of disorders marked the
strike over the week end. Eight men
were arrested after disturbances.
Several hundred filling stations hava
remained open, and owners announced
their intention of opening others
today.

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