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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 15, 1936, Image 1

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WEATHER. _
ru s weather Bure»u porec*«t.) The onJy evening paper
Fair ar.d warmer tonight; tomorrow i_ au_ !
mostly cloudy, followed by cooler at night: ^ W <lSfll]l^t«On With thG \
. moderate winds, shifting to northerly late .Associated Press News I
»d Wirepheto Services.
Full report on page A-14, ]
M . a, v i m I a d 99 Yesterday's Circulation, 137,902
Closing NeW York Markets, rage ii __>8o»ne returns not yet received.)
No. 33,617. waThlr^oYmD,.tt^r WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, ILAY 15, 1936-SIXTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** <*> Mean. A..«>ci.t.d Pr.„. TWO CENTS.
JAPANESE ARMY
LANDS 7,1 MEN
FOR 2 GARRISONS
IN NORTH CHINA
Move Held Inspired by Ital
ian Seizure of Vast Ethio
pian Empire—Tokio Ad
mits Doubling Force.
15,000 NOW QUARTERED
SOUTH OF GREAT WALL
Chinese Foreign Office to Protest
Increase—Land Purchased in
Taku Area—Modern, Four
Lane Highway Planned by
Militarists.
BACKGROUND—
Before Italy started her campaign
to conquer and annex Ethiopia,
world powers had chronic head
aches from Japanese operations in
the Far East, allegedly based on
imperialistic dreams of enlarged
borders and trade. Manchurian
“statehood” successfully established,
Japanese soldiers have been ac
cused of seeking through political
chess-play to cut North China from j
the nation as another small state.
BULLETIN.
NANKING. May 15 WP).—
The Chinese foreign office was
reported by Chinese sources
tonight to have ordered a
protest to Tokio against the
increase of Japanese troops
in North China. These sources
said the Chinese Embassy in
Tokio had been instructed to
object, “with a view toward
stopping the -increase.”
(Copyright. 1936, by the Associated Press.)
TIENTSIN. China, May 15.— !
The Japanese Army landed 7,600
troops from four transports to
day in a movement described by
the 'Chinese as part of a cam
paign, encouraged by the Ital- |
ian seizure of Ethiopia, for ul- !
timate conquest of China.
The troops were destined lmmedi- |
ately for strengthening Japanese gar- i
risons in the North China cities of
Tientsin and Peiping.
A portion of the reinforcements pro
ceeded immediately to Peiping to
strengthen the Japanese garrison in
that ancient Chinese capital, raising
the number of troops there to 600.
The main body of the newcomers
was quartered in barracks of the Jap
anese concession in Tientsin, bring
ing the total strength of this garrison
to nearly 10,000. The fresh troops be
long to the Kawabe Brigade of the
6th Division.
Japan informed the United States
and other foreign embassies in Peiping
of the amazing increases in the garri- j
sons only yesterday, when they were !
already a fait accompli.
The arrival of the reinforcements
today was believed by Chinese to
presage an ultimate coming of a full
Japanese army division of 15,000 men.
Simultaneously, as part of its plan
to militarize the whole of North China,
Japan has started buying extensive
lands in the Taku area, in the vicinity
of the old forts about that town in
North China’s Hopeh Province.
The Japanese also are planning con
atruction of a modern, four-lane high
way from Taku, at the mouth of the
* (See_JAPAN, Page 4.)
COLLEGE STUDENT
HELD FOR ROBBERY
Shooting Affray at Inn Near An
napolis Causes Arrest of
St. John’s Youth.
By thy Associated Press.
• ANNAPOLIS. Md.. May 15.—A St.
John's College student and former
mdshipman. Ferdinand Henry Noble,
20, faced a hearing before Magistrate
Harrison M. Sandrock of Round Bay
today on charges of hold-up and rob
bery.
Noble, who said he was from Des
Moines. Iowa, was arrested by State
policemen last night after he allegedly
held up the Roma Inn. 7 miles from
here, at pistol point and exchanged
shots with a patron.
Although the youth obtained noth
ing in the attempt. Magistrate Joseph
M. Armstrong ordered him held on a
warrant which specified robbery and
hold-up.
Vincent D’Antonio. manager of the
Inn, and John J. Hall, jr„ a customer,
were in the establishment at the time.
Hall said the youth came in the front
door, with a gun in his hand and a
handkerchief covering his face.
"Where's the cash? I want what
you have," Hall quoted him as saying.
Hall said both he and D'Antonio
suspected a Joke. In reply, Hall took
a folded carpenter's rule from his
pocket, aimed it playfully at the in
truder and made a jovial comment
to the inn manager.
The rnnth’a next remark Hall aairi
was:
"I mean business. One move and
I'll drop you.”
Upon hearing that. Hall asserted,
he jumped Into a back room. Noble
fired, the bullet striking the door
frame, then turned and fled.
Hall obtained a shotgun from his
home nearby and, returning, saw No
ble attempting to start an automo
bile. When the boy suddenly left
the machine, Hall ordered him to
halt. He said Noble moved and he
fire.
The shot missed, but the youth
surrendered. D’Antonio summoned
State Officers J. C. Gates and J. R.
Miller, who took Noble to Annapolis.
Capt. Douglas L. Howard, U. S. N.
(retired), dean of St.- John's College,
said Noble left the United States
Kaval Academy in February tod en
rolled as a special student at St.
John's.
Likability of London Found
Sole Similarity to Roosevelt
_-_ j.
w
Kansas Governor Man j
of Innate Dignity,
Writer Finds.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
TOPEKA. Kans., May 15.—A small,
dark man with unruly iron gray hair,
eyes keen yet kindly, easy-going and
natural in manner, easy as an old
shoe but with an innate dignity—
that is Kansas' mystery man, Alf
Landon. He is no mystery, be it said
quickly, in Kansas. To the great ma
jority of Americans, however, he is
still merely a name, a symbol stand
ing for thrift and integrity. He is
the likely Republican nominee for
the presidency. And the American j
people may elect him just to have a
look at him—stranger things have
happened.
If Gov. Landon becomes the G. O.
P. nominee, however, the people in
the East, the North, the West and
the South may count on seeing what
manner of a man he Is. They may
count on hearing him and on learn
ing his stand on public questions and
the issues of the day. In many re
spects the direct antithesis of Presi
i
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt, Landon
has at least one trait in common
with the Democratic Chief Executive
—he makes friends easily. There,
(See LANDON, Page 5.)
GOV. ALF LANDON.
POLICE OPEN EIRE
ON JAFFA ARABS
Two Reported Killed and 14
Wounded as Group
Leaves Mosque.
By the Associated Press.
JERUSALEM, May 15.—Police,
firing into a crowd of Arabs outside
a Jaffa mosque, were reported by ihe
Jewish Telegraphic Agency today to
have killed two and wounded 14.
The police fired into the crowd
when the Arabs started a demon
stration upon leaving the mosque.
Shots, which the agency said were
fired by Arabs, wounded an American
Jewish colonist. Aaron Davidson, at
the colony of Raanana, north of Tel
Aviv.
A Jewish home for the aged was
bombed in Jerusalem, but no one was
injured. Arabs in Haifa fired 15 car
loads of property belonging to newly
arrived German Jews.
Jews remaining in the old city of
Jerusalem, following the evacuation
of more than 1,200 of their colleagues,
were reported facing a food shortage.
The Agudah Israel Extreme Orthodox
Society sent three lorries of food into
the section, which was in a state of
virtual siege.
Army Tanks in Streets.
Army tanks stood in the cobbled
streets of JafTa and steel-helmeted
police patrols were strengthened.
The Jewish Telegraphic Agency re
ported new disorders were feared in
Jerusalem, where the Arab proclama
tion of refusal to pay taxes coincided
with the Moslem Sabbath.
Both Jewish and Arabic government
employes in Jaffa were ordered not to
report for work as the Arabs' deadline
on an ultimatum demanding a stop
page of Jewish immigration and sale
of land to Jews expired, with the de
mands unmet.
n vuiicn, uupuocu aun
Jews and an Arab were slain in the old
city, shut down postal and wire serv
ices in Jerusalem overnight.
Bomb Explodes in Depot.
A bomb exploded in the Jerusalem
depot and a Jewish driver was arrested.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency reports
said the Arab Supreme Council had
refused an offer from High Commis
sioner Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope
(See ARABS, Page 4.)
GET FILM CONTRACTS
Court Approves Salary of Three
Young Actresses.
HOLLYWOOD. Calif., May 15 <7P>.—
Court - approved contracts today ad
vanced three young actresses along
the way to screen success.
Kay Griffith, 20, Chicago brunette,
has a salary agreement for $50 to
$750 a week over the usual seven
year period.
Toby Wing, 19, and blond, is to re
ceive from $200 to $1,250 a week. She
came from Richmond, Va.
Eleanore Whitney. 19. auburn
haired, is to be paid from $250 to
$1.50b a week. Cleveland is her
former home.
LEAGUE HIES ITALY
Commercial Pressure Held
Reason for Decision
to Withdraw.
BACKGROUND—
Among nations non-committal as
to application of sanctions against
Italy by the League members was
Guatemala. Japan and Germany
have previously stepped out of the
League, and Italy has threatened to
do so.
By tne Associates Press.
GENEVA, May 15.—The republic of
Guatemala resigned from the League
of Nations today. J. A. C. Avenol,
secretary-general of the League, re
ceived a cablegram of notification
from the Central American nation.
League officials said promptly they
saw in the resignation the influence
of Premier Mussolini of Italy and an
indication that II Duce had brought
"commercial" pressure to bear on
Guatemala.
They said Guatemala sold a large
amount of coffee to Italy and that
Guatemala's export trade was greatly
benefited by Italian patronage.
A prediction was heard in League
circles that Premier Mussolini would
continue a diplomatic fight against the
League among other Latin-American
countries as a result of resentment
against the League's imposition of
sanctions in the Italo-Ethiopian war.
Machine Guns Ordered.
Sources within the League organiza
tion told of a recent contract for ma
chine guns placed by Costa Rica with
Italy. The Costa Rican government,
said these sources, was informed that
it would receive "a pleasant surprise.”
The "surprise" was that Costa Rica
received twice the number of machine
guns without extra cost.
The cablegram from Guatemala
read: "I have the honor to inform
you Guatemala has decided to with
draw from the League of Nations. We
are sending the notification by air
»»
The cablegram was signed by Jo6e
Gonzalez Campo. minister of finance,
substituting for the foreign minister,
who was ill.
League officials said the republic
owed 140,000 Swiss francs ($45,000)
back dues. Her annual dues are 30,
000 francs ($9,600).
Under the rules of the League a
nation cannot withdraw until its dues
are paid. Until this payment is met,
a nation remains a member and the
dues keep mounting up.
SANCTIONS BAN HIT.
By the Associated Press.
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay. May 15.
—Foreign Minister Jose Espalter told
newspaper men today the Uruguayan
representative to the League of Na
tions has been instructed to “aid the
viewpoint expressed by some countries
that the lifting of economic sanctions
against Italy be considered.”
His was the newest expression of
South American anti-sanctions senti
ment. The Argentine Senate now is
studying a resolution which expresses
opposition to their continuance.
14 Are Named for Preakness; ,
Bold Venture Is 2-1 Favorite
Special Dispatch to The Star.
PIMLICO. Md., May 15—The
forty-sixth renewal of the Preak
ness. slated to be run tomorrow over
a mile and three-sixteenths route for
a gross purse of $33,850, has attracted
14 of the best 3-year-olds in America.
When Race Secretary frank J.
Bryan closed the entry list at 10:30
o'clock this morning, he had 13 colts
and one gelding, Edward Riley Brad
ley’s Bow and Arrow, In his list of
nominees. If all 14 go postward to
morrow the winner's share will be
$28,825.
Morton L. Schwarts's Bold Venture,
winner of the Kentucky Derby, is the
early 2-to-l favorite for tomorrow’s
renewal of the Preakness. He will be
handled by Georgie Woolf.
Bold Venture drew No. 5 lane. The
rail position went to the Greentree
Stable's Memory Book, with the
the Wheatley Stable's Snark, a speed
horse, on the extreme outside.
P.P. Horse. Jockey. W
1— Memory Book 8. Coucei 1
2— Tranaporter M. Peters 1
.2—Aneroid E. Smith 1
4—Holly Rood T. Luther 1
ft—Bold Venture G. Woolf 1
fl—He Did C. Kurtsinser 1
7—Bow tnd Arrow J. Renlck 1
»—Knight Warrior C. Hanford 1
«—Grand 81am J Bryson 1
10— bJean Bart H Rlcharda 1
11— bOiant Killer (No boy) 1
12— a Teufel K. Lltzenberter 1
1.2—a Gran villa J. stout ]
14—a Snark *. Arcaro 1
a Belatr Stud and Wheatley Stable en
b Walter M. Jeffords' entry.
Giant Killer. Aneroid. Tranaporter and
atartera.
f
If
Weather reports from Washington
call for a clear day. which means
that Superintendent John Ryan will
provide a fast track for the thorough
breds to prance over.
In addition to the rich purse offered
by the Maryland Jockey Club, the
winner of the Preakness will receive
the historical Woodlawn Vase. The
vase will be presented by Mayor
Howard W. Jackson of Baltimore and
Mrs. W. W. Lanahan, who was re
cently crowned Preaknesa queen.
Secretary Matthias L. Daiger of the
host organization said that between
40,000 ■ and 50,000 spectators will be
present tomorrow if the day is clear
and the track fast.
Race specials are being run from
every section of the couutcy and to
morrow’s- attendance should be the
largest in the history of Maryland
racing, which dates back more than
200 years.
The official make-up of the Preak
ness Held follows:
*t. Owner. Prob. odd*.
28 Oreentraa Stable ,;**
•28 Mr*. M. Du P. Somerville 12-1
28 E. Bruner
18 H. P. Headley Ig*}
28 M. L. Schwarts 2-1
28 Mri. B. B. Mason J--1
28 W. *W.*Vauahn 10g-J
in g:
28 W, II., Jeffords g-t
Is a
ry.
Knlaht Warrior are rasarded as doubtful
*
Ar
LEADERSABANDON
ROOSEVELTS PLAN
IN TAX BILL FIGHT
Face Stiff Battle in Move
for Compromise—Discard
of Measure Predicted.
DOZEN NEW PROGRAMS
BEFORE COMMITTEE
Difficulty Found in Deciding; on
One—Row May Reach
Senate Floor.
BACKGROUND—
Obedient House passed tax legis
lation requested bp President Roose
velt, principal provision being tax
on undistributed corporation profits.
Since then Senate Finance Com
mittee has heard concerted attack
upon measure by business interests,
with conservative members of group
swinging away from proposed re
vision of corporate tax structure.
Compromise now seems assured,
although long battle may be fought
before legislation finally is ap
I proved.
__
By the Associated Press.
Administration leaders in the Sen
ate have abandoned President Roose
velt's suggestion that corporations be
taxed only on their undistributed
profits and are battling now to save j
what they term the philosophy of his
revenue program.
The Senate Finance Committee de
termined today to retain the present
corporate tax structure instead of '
abolishing It as suggested by Mr. |
Roosevelt. The President's lieutenants
were seeking to add a surtax on un
distributed profits and were facing a
stiff fight even on this compromise. |
One member of the committee, a
Republican, forecast that the entire
administration plan would be dis
carded, but most Democrats said its
; essence would be retained In the
form of a surtax above the present
flat taxes on net income of corpora
tions.
Many Plans Proposed.
A dozen different plans for raising '
• the $620,000,000 of permanent revenue
J asked by the President were before
the committee today. They were so
varied that the leaders were having
difficulty rallying a majority around
| any one compromise.
Chairman Harrison was still hoping
! for a compromise, but conceded the
possibility that the committee might
be unable to agree and have to carry
the fight to the floor of the Senate.
Committee members seemed to
agree on only two things today after
the first executive session in which
the merits of the various proposals
were discussed. They were that a
flat tax of about 15 per cent on ail
corporate income probably would be
approved, and that dividends would
be subjected to the normal income tax
rate of 4 per cent.
The 15 per cent tax would be simi
lar to one in existing law’, but the
dividend levy would be a new de
parture, and would be in accord with
one of Mr. Roosevelt's suggestions.
At present dividends are subject to
surtaxes, but not to normal income
! taxes.
Major Issue Undecided.
The two virtual agreements left un
j decided the major issue—whether
I corporations should also be taxed ac
cording to how much of their income
! they failed to distribute. Mr. Roose
velt, in urging that they be so taxed,
said many stockholders evade sur
taxes by leaving earnings in corpora
tions instead of taking them out as
dividends.
The tax bill, as it recently passed
the House, would have abolished the
flat corporate taxes and levied gradu
ated taxes up to 42 >2 per cent on
corporations, depending on how much
of their income they withheld from
dividends. It was designed to raise
$620,000,000 more than the present
corporate taxes.
Chairman Harrison offered to the
Senate committee a compromise
which Treasury experts estimated
would raise $626,000,000. It would
impose a flat tax of 15 per cent on
all corporations. If more than 30 per
cent of profits were undistributed
they would be taxes from 30 to 45 per
cent. Companies with total income
of less than (20,000 would be exempt
on the first (1,000 retained.
Harrison also laid before the com
mittee a plan proposed by Marriner S.
Eccles, chairman of the Federal Re
serve Board, to levy a flat 15 per cent
tax. but permit all corporations to re
tain up to $15,000 without further
taxes. If they withheld more than
tha they would be subjec to stiff sur
taxes ranging from 40 to 60 per cent.
Senator Connally, Democrat, of
Texas had a similar plan, which would
raise (500.000,000 with surtaxes from
10 to 20 per cent, or about (600,000,000
with surtaxes from 20 to 40 per cent.
Another variation of this proposal
came from Senator George, Democrat,
of Georgia, who proposed the same flat
tax with a surtax of 4 per cent on all
withheld income. This would raise
only $252,000,000.
Senator King, Democrat, of Utah
wanted to hike individual income and
flat corporation rates to produce about
$800,000,000. His plan would include
lowering personal income tax exemp
tions and increase the normal rate
from 4 to 5 per cent.
PROJECT HINDERED
High Waters Impede Work on
Booneville Power Plant.
BOONEVILLE, Oreg., May 15
The $42,500,000 Booneville power and
navigation project was troubled today
by the highest water of the year in
the Columbia River, the result of
heavy rains.
Two moored cribs, used in dam con
struction, and a temporary fish lad
der were washed out last night and
the rising water undercut the rock
fill leading to a main cofferdam. En
gineers estimated the water level at
44 feet. The gauge went out after
showing 43.9 feet.
«
y
BiLL,Gem^ "\
/ yoURWALKlN'TOGS. \
l WE’RE GONMA HAVE A \
\NICE HIKE Together! J
'll M ;i
BORAH THREAT i
11;
Denounces Present Leader
ship—Asks Candidate to
Deal With “Monopolies.”
By ttic Associated Press.
NEWARK. N. J.. May 15—Senator
William E. Borah warned today that
unless the Republicans select a presi
dential candidate who will “take hold
of the question of monopoly" he will 1
pursue the issue outside the party.
"No party shibboleths are going to
stand between me and the fight for
50,000.000 people who have barely (
enough to lire,” declared the veteran
Idaho Senator in a campaign address
last night.
He said his own presidential aspi
rations meant little beside the “real
issue.”
Among these he listed rejuvenation |
of the Republican party, "the end j
of monopoly and price-fixing by the j
few," aloofness from foreign entan
glements and the need for an inde
pendent judiciary.
Denounces Leadership.
Denouncing leadership which he
declared was "driving the Republican
party to destruction." Borah said:
“If the Republican party will turn
its face toward the dawn, if It will
liberalize—name a candidate looking
toward the future—and I am left out.
there won't be a single sting in my
soul.
‘'Uoi.-auas < 9 tVia rnfnrar to
take hold of the question of monop
oly. I promise to follow the issue,
and no party alignment will control
me for a minute.”
After his speech he explained to
questioners:
"I only know I'll stick to the issues.
I'll follow them where I can serve
those issues the best and achieve best
results.”
He was asked whether entering the
Democratic ranks would be a barrier
to his course.
"It will be anywhere where the
issues take me,” he replied. "I can't
say it will be in the Democratic ranks.
But entering the Democratic ranks
wouldn’t stop me. Nothing will stop
me.”
No Thought of Third Party.
Borah had said in his address that
he had “given no thought to a third
party movement at this time."
“They talk about me bolting,” he
said. “Let them turn their attention
to the issues. Then there will be no
talk of bolting.
“If the ultra-conservative, reaction
ary old guard control the Cleveland
convention 7.000.000 who left the
party in 1932 will not only refuse to
return, but they’ll take several more
with them. * • *”
The presidential aspirant said party
leadets opposed him in every State
because of his antagonism toward
monopolies.
“Why,” he asked, “are corporations,
like the Du Fonts, so active in this
campaign? They want to preserve
the power to tax 4he American peo
ple.”
Badly beaten by Robert A. Taft,
favorite son candidate, in the Ohio
presidential primary, Borah said
Negroes in that State had been per
suaded to believe he favored lynching
because he did not support a Federal
measure against it, believing it un
constitutional. Taft and other presi
dential aspirants were "silent as an
oyster—and just about as dumb”—
when he asked them if they thought
the measure constitutional, he said.
TED HEALY IS MARRIED
AFTER FLIGHT TO YUMA
Film Comedian Charters Plane
Trom Amelia Earhart's
Technical Adviser.
By the Associated Press.
YUMA, Arlz., May 15.—Ted Healy,
dour-faced film comedian, and Betty
Hickman, 21, Santa Monica Calif.,
were married here early today after a
midnight airplane elopement from
Hollywood.
Healy aroused Superior Judge Henry
C. Kelly to perform the ceremony,
which was attended by Jack Marcus,
the actor’s manager.
It was Healy’s second marital ven
ture. He was divorced from Betty
Healy, an actress, in 1932 after a 10
year marriage.
The actor and his bride-to-be flew
away from Union Air Terminal at Los
Angeles last night in a plane chartered
from Paul Mantz, Amelia Earhart's
technical adviser. The couple is ex
pected to return to Hollywood today,
4
-!
Slaver is Executed
With Gas, His Last
Request for Mask
Bt the Associated Press.
FLORENCE, Ariz.. May 15.—
Jack Sullivan, 23-year-old slayer
of a railroad officer, was executed f
today in the lethal gas chamber
of the Arizona State Penitentiary.
As he promised he would, Sul
livan died with a smile. He
grinned broadly and waved to
spectators up to the time his head j
dropped to his chest. The youth
lost consciousness within one
minute after the fumes filled the
small cubicle.
Sullivan, a former Colorado
convict, smoked a cigar during
his last minutes, including his
walk up the 13 steps to the death
chamber. Asked if there was
anything he wanted last night, he
replied: “You might get me a
gas mask."

IUWMU Aolxo !'
Supporters Are Urged to *
Contribute—Caravan Due J
Here Sunday. \
BY JOHN C. HENRY. 1
Supporters of the Townsend old-age
pension plan are being solicited for i
contributions to a special "prepared- \
ness fund.” to be placed at complete c
disposal of Dr. Francis E. Townsend
alone. It was learned today. t
Meanwhile, officials of the Town- j
send old-age pension organisation an- [
nounced that their automobile caravan *
from California, carrying petitions to j
Congress urging the enactment of the j
Townsend plan Into law, would arrive
In Washington Sunday noon. 1
A statement from Townsend head- .
quarters said more than 10.000,000 t
signatures had been obtained to the (
petitions, which would be submitted
to the House committee investigating
the movement.
Directions for the solicitation are f
contained in a bulletin now in the 1
mails en route to all Townsend clubs. '
The bulletin bears the names of Dr. <
Townsend and his eight hand-picked 1
co-directors of Old Age Revolving r
Pensions, Ltd.
In addition, the issue of the Town- ?
send National Weekly dated next .
Monday, May 18. will carry a page
one lead story describing the drive
with a copy of the bulletin reprinted
on the inside of the weekly. Both the |
story and the bulletin specifically de
clare that the fund is "not to be the
(See TOWNSEND, Page A-7.)
-.- ]
FIRE IN AIR STATION
Three Buildings Threatened at
Hampton Roads.
NORFOLK. Va.. May 15 <*>).—Fire ;
today at the Hampton Roads Naval Air
Station, threatened the three build- 1
ings of the Aircraft Overhaul Depart
ment. The Norfolk Fire Department :
responded to a call for aid.
Officials at the air station were un
able to give any details immediately.
The carpenter shop and other repair I
units are in the area of the burning i
building.
our Fugitives Are Reported
Surrounded by Okla
homa Officers.
BACKGROUND—
A brickyard foreman was slain
and two guards wounded Wednes
day as 24 convicts participated in a
break from the Oklahoma State
Penitentiary at McAlester.
The prison has been noted for
Warden Kenny's “merit system.”
under which a series of awards at
tempts to induce convicts to obey
rules and fit themselves for re
entering society. These rules, how
ever. do not apply to the more j
hardened criminals, such as those j
engineering the break.
1/ the Associated Press.
ANTLERS. Okla.. May 15—Two of
he desperate convicts who made a .
loody dash from the Oklahoma State
'enitentlary were recaptured near j
ere early today, shortly after three
ostages were released alive.
Six of the fugitives, who killed a j
rison brickyard foreman at the j
tart of their spectacular dash across
outheastern Oklahoma, remained at
irge, with man hunters of three
itates hot on their trail in this rug- I
ed corner of the Klamichi Moun
lins.
Four of them, divided in pairs, were
eported surrounded in the Antlers
tcinity. with a posse of 50 officers
losing in.
Warden Roy W. Kenny said he had
eceived a report that two of these
.ad abducted a farm boy near Dun- i
>ar. Pushmataha County, and had
een sighted. Another pair was be
ieved trapped In a mountain stretch
ear the Arkansas State line.
An airplane equipped with a two
ray radio was pressed into the hunt j
y the Oklahoma State Crime Bureau
o direct the officers in closing in on
he latter pair.
Prisoners Are Released.
Only a few minutes before officers
ame upon the farm house lair of the
ugitives four of the long-term con
icts released Tuck Cope and Victor
!onn, prison guards, and Wilburn
)oaks. a cowboy, who had been kid
aped while out rounding up the cows.
Cope had been stabbed in the neck
nd had lost much blood. The other
iostages joined in the chase, which
(See PRISON BREAK. Page 4.)
:nd of cool weather
IN DISTRICT FORECAST
dercury Expected to Reach 70s
Today—Tomorrow Due to
Be Cloudy.
A rising mercury probably will reach
he low 70s to put an end to the un
reasonably cool weather that has pre
vailed in the Capital for the last two
lays, the Weather Bureau predicted.
Tonight will be warm, while tomor
■ow will be mostly cloudy and mild,
ollowed by “cooler” at night.
After reaching a maximum of 65
shortly after 4 pm. yesterday, the
emperature dropped steadily until 5
i.m. today, when a low of 43 degrees
vas recorded.
Delinquent Girls to Be Feted
By Mrs. Roosevelt at Mansion
Shocked at tne cneeriess existence in
the National Training School for De
linquent Girls, Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt announced today she would
entertain the entire school, numbering
55, at a garden party at the White
House from 4 to 5 p.m. tomorrow.
The President s wife, who visited the
school last Friday, explained today at
her press conference that she planned
the party immediately afterward.
Asked why she was giving .the enter
tainment, Mrs. Roosevelt replied:
"Because I felt that these girls are
in there to be rehabilitated as far as
possible to return to community living
prepared to meet difficulties which
have defeated them in the past.
Therefore, it seems to me that com
plete segregation in gloomy surround
ings is hardly the way to achieve this
objective. And as other young people
enjoy an occasional good time. I think
4
U1C9C ^UUUROWtlO ottuusu WWW—
sional good time."
The girls, a majority of whom are
colored, range in age from 14 to 21.
Mrs. Roosevelt said they would be en
tertained out of doors and that there
would probably be a tour through the
White House kitchen and other quar
ters on the lower floor. Refreshments
of ice cream, cake and lemonade are
to be served.
Transportation from the school to
the White House will be provided by
the League of Women Voters and simi
lar interested organizations.
With a shudder. Mrs. Roosevelt de
scribed the dark corridors, high, brick
walls, surroundings, grass plots at each
of the cottages and windows too high
for the inmates to look out.
She termed the institution "medie
val” and “barbarous" and said that
while most of its inmates were still of
school age, there was not a teacher ln(
! this entire school.
fc
P. IA AND R. A.
TO OE CONTINUED
ON SMALLER SCALE
ROOSEVELl_ SAYS
Hopkihs Will Pay 45 Per Cent j
of Labor, While Remainder j
Will Come Out of Agency’s
Revolving Fund, He Says. \
ICKES IS SCHEDULED
TO TESTIFY TOMORROW j
President Announces Funds Will
Be Allocated From Belief Ap
propriation to Resettlement to
Carry on Several Phases of
Work.
BACKGROUND— ’
Senate Appropriations Committee
is considering House bill providing f
for 11,500.OOO,OOO for relief program j
in coming fiscal year. Despite ef- \
forts of P. IV. A. friends, fund now
seems destined to go entirely to
Hopkins and tv. P. A.
In testifying before House group. |
Hopkins admitted that supplemental
appropriation will be needed by :
January unless private employment '
picks up. i
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt said today ;
that the Public Works and Re
settlement Administrations jj
would be continued on a some
what smaller scale under the
pending $1,425,000,000 work-re
lief appropriation.
Responding to questions at his press -
conference, the President said certain j
municipal projects which have been ;
carried out by Secretary Ickes’ P. W. ;
A. in the past would qualify under the
new relief bill. Harry L. Hopkins' W.
P. A. would furnish 45 per cent of the
funds to pay the labor, he said, while
the 55 per cent loan would come out
of P. W. A.’s revolving fund. .
The President said Ickes' agency )
still had quite a large revolving fund ;
available for loans through Recon
struction Finance Corp. sale of munici
pal securities, the proceeds of which §
are turned over to P. W. A.
Ickes' Testimony Delayed.
The relief fund is in the $2,364,229,
712 deficiency appropriation bill now
before the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee. Ickes was scheduled to testify
today, but the committee session was
postponed until tomorrow.
The committee has before it de
mands that funds go both to Ickes'
public works organization and Rexford
G. Tugwell's Resettlement Admims- j
tration.
The President emphasized that
such municipal projects, as he men
tioned. must conform to the require- j
ment that workers be taken from re
lief rolls. He said P. W. A. would |
certify how many men were needed
for a particular job and W. P. A.
would investigate to see if such
workers were available in the locality.
If so. W. P. A. would approve the
project and pay the weekly pay rolls.
The President said funds would be
'llocated from the relief appropria
tion to the Resettlement Administra
tion to carry on three or four phases
of that agency’s work
As the House wrote the deficiency
bill, it carried $85,500,000 for “Rural
Rehabilitation and Relief to Farmers"
under Hopkins’ direction.
Mr. Roosevelt said there had been
(See RELIEF. Page V)
MT. RAINIER NURSE
KILLED BY TRUCK
Mrs. Mary J. Fleming. 45, Struck
While Crossing Rhode
Island Avenue.
Mrs. Mary J. Fleming. 45, nurse In
a sanitarium at Brentwood. Md., was
fatally injured today when struck by
a truck while crossing Rhode Island
avenue at Thirty-fourth street In
Mount Rainier.
She was pronounced dead on ar
rival at Casualty Hospital where she
was taken by Lewis J. Carter. jr„ of
Colmar Manor, a passing motorist.
Prince Georges County police in
vestigating the accident said the
truck was operated by Norman Cush
ing of Baltimore. No charges were
preferred against him pending com
pletion of their investigation. The
truck belonged to a Baltimore express
company.
Mrs. Fleming lived alone in an apart
ment at 3616 Thirty-third street.
Mount Rainier, according to Police
Chief Eugene Plumer of the Maryland
town. He said the truck skidded 20
feet in an effort to avoid striking her.
The force of the impact threw her
several feet. She landed on her head
and suffered a fractured skull.
Readers’ Guide
Page.
Amusements.B-7
Answers to Questions-A-12
Comics...D-5
Cross-word Puzzle--D-5
Death Notices.A-14
Editorial ..-A-12
Finance __A-21-22-23
Lost and Found_A-3
News Comment Features A-13
Radio . C-8
Serial Story_C-4
Service Orders.C-8
Short Story _C-7
Society. B-3-4
Sports_...D-l-2-3-4
Washington Wayside.:_..A-2
f Women's Features ...C-5-6-T
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