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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1936, Image 2

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MISS MILEY ONLY
Kentucky Girl Is Victor in
Britain as Four Ameri
cans Lose.
»y the Associated Press.
SOUTHPORT, England, May 19 —
One American out of the nine origi
nal starters—Marion Miley of Lex
ington, Ky.—today remained in the
light for America’s first British wom
en’s golf championship.
The boyish, dark-haired Kentuckian
won on the nineteenth hole from Elsie
Corlett. Great Britain, who eliminated
the gallery favorite, Patty Berg of
Minneapolis, 1 up, in the second
round this morning.
One other player, Mrs. Leona
Cheney. Los Angeles. Calif., was
eliminated in the second round, and
two others, Charlotte Glutting, South
Orange, N. J„ and Mrs. Maureen
Orcutt Crews, Coral Gables, Fla.,
Went out this afternoon.
Wins Last Four Holes.
Charlotte Glutting played herself
Cut in the morning round when she
won the last four holes of the 18-hole
match to send the battle against
Dorothy Pearson Into extra holes and
then won on the twenty-first. But
this afternoon she was off her game
and lost to Pam Barton, runner-up
last year, 3 and 2.
Mrs. Crews made perhaps the most
remarkable stand of the day before
8he was eliminated on the twentieth
hole by Mrs. Edith Rhodes. Great
Britain, a 16-handicap player until
two years ago, who is playing in her
first major championship
Collected Two Birdies.
Mrs Crew’s was two down with five
holes to go. but got birdies on the
fourteenth and seventeenth holes to
tie It up. Then after tying the nine
teenth, she lost the twentieth by hit
ting into the sand.
Miss Miley squared the match at the
seventeenth hole when she ran down
a 6-foot putt for a birdie, and won
on the nineteenth when Miss Corlett
took two shots to get out of the sand.
Miss Miley also W’as in the sand on
the nineteenth, but she got out in one
and won the hole and the match with
a 4. one over par.
BELIEF HEARINGS
RESUMED TODAY
Vandenberg, McCarl and Harvey
Are Scheduled to
Testify.
tic Associated Press.
The Senate Appropriations Subcom
mittee considering the $2,364,229,712
relief deficiency bill resumed hearings
today, with Senator Vandenberg ol
Michigan, Controller General McCar
and George U. Harvey, president ol
the Borough of Queens, New York
City, scheduled to testify.
Senator Vandenberg was expected
to urge the scrapping of W. P. A. and
thfl substitution of State grants. Aftei
hearing of the court decision declaring
unconstitutional at least some activi
ties of the Resettlement Administra
tion and hitting at the broad delega
tion of power to the President unde:
the relief act. Senator Vandenberg re
lqarked yesterday:
T"I would say, without a definite
analysis, that the decision powerfullj
strengthens the relief theory for which
I am contending.”
McCarl is to appear to g^ve the
subcommittee his opinion on the legal
ity of appropriating money for Harry
L. Hopkins’ W. P. A. and allowing
either Secretary of Interior Ickes or
Roxford Tugwell, R. A. chief, to
spend it.
Secretary Ickes late yesterday advo
cated continuance of the Public Works
Administration as an independent
asrpnrv.
. Supported by Senator Hayden,
Democrat, of Arizons, author of an
amendment to give P. W. A. up to
8700,000,000 for the execution of proj
ects already approved, Ickes said the
possible "way out” might lie in the
enlargement of the present $250,000,
000 revolving fund.
The bill carries an item of $1,425,
000,000 for relief, all to be handled in
Its entirety by the Works Progress
Administration. President Roosevelt
has suggested part of this money
toiight be given Ickes.
Word of the Federal appeals court
decision, declaring unconstitutional at
least some activities of the Resettle
ment Administration and hitting at
the broad delegation of power to he
Presiden under he $4,880,000,000 relief
act, quickly was relayed to the com
mittee.
GEN. DICKSON DIES
Retired Gun Expert Succumbs to
Heart Attack.
HAVERFORD. Pa„ May 19 OP).—
Prig. Gen. Tracy C. Dickson, retired
Army gun-building expert, died Sun
day of a heart attack. He was 67.
During the World War Dickson su
pervised all Army gun construction
by the Bethlehem Steel Co. He was
a graduate of the United States Mili
tary Academy in 1892 and later was
stationed at Springfield. Mass. He
was a native of Independence. Iowa.
; | Congress in Brief
TODAY.
Senate:
Debates liquor tax administration
hill.
Appropriations Subcommittee heart
Controller General McCarl on $2,364,
229,712 deficiency bill.
House:
Considers omnibus claims bills.
Pensions Investigating Committee
hears Dr. F. E. Townsend.
TOMORROW.
Senate:
Probably will have up flood control
If Federal liquor-tax amendments are
disposed of today.
Finance Committee, executive, on
tax bill.
Appropriations Subcommittee, ex
ecutive, on work relief-deficiency bill
House: *
Considers conference report on In
terior Department appropriation bill.
Bell Committee continues investiga
tion of old-age pension plans at
10 am.
Agriculture Committee meets at
10 a.m.
Indian Affairs Committee meets at
10:30 am.
Ways and Jdeans Committee con
siders Disney crude oil bill at 10 a.m.
Post Office Committee considers mail
transportation Mil at 10:30 am.
District Committee considers report
of its special Traffic Subcommittee at
10:S0 am.
I
Washington
Wayside
Tales
Random Observations
of Interesting Events
and Things.
EX-PRECEDENT.
A CARTER GLASS precedent
has been shattered—and all
because of a bet between an
Assistant Secretary of State
and a beautiful Washington woman.
The crack-up came Sunday, when
the Virginia Senator showed up at a
garden party given by Assistant Secre
tary of State Moore, an old friend.
Moore, who thought he knew the
doughty Virginian’s oehavior pattern,
wagered the lady she couldn’t produce
Glass at his party—or, for that mat
ter. at any other.
She won. Moore refused to reveal
either the amount Involved or the
lady’s name.
* * * *
MARSHALL NOTE.
A new story about the most col
orful Vice President of them all,
Thomas R. Marshall, was told here
the other day fry his friend, former
Senator George Wharton Pepper
of Pennsylvania.
Marshall, he related, walked
toward the footlights to make a
speech one night and proclaimed:
"My names Marshall and I'm
Vice President."
In explanation of which Marsh
all told how the interview began
when he was met at a train in*
Chicago the day before by a news
paper reporter.
"You’re the Vice President, aren't
you?" the news sleuth inquired.
"Yes," Marshall responded.
"What's your name?"
* * * *
TOUPEE MAN.
O EMEMBER that story of the bald
headed man who had two toupees
one for ’’before'' and the other for
“after” his imaginary haircuts?
The hero of that yam has been
raised one toupee by a Washingtonian
known to a Wayside operative.
, ■ i'I — VI
This fellow has three—short, me
dium and long—which he wears in tha
order between “haircuts.” The de
ception has been practiced for several
years now and its works perfectly
Not even the man's best friends have
i any idea he is bald, and they prob
ably never will until the day he wears
I the longest toupee when telling a
yarn that he "just heard in the bar
ber shop.”
* * * *
BLOND UNPREFERRED.
’T'ODAY’S story about blonds con
cerns one who used to think she
was on fate's preferred list, but wht
knows better now*
She overslept the other morning anc
after that troubles literally showcrec
upon her. Turning on the water foi
her hasty tub, she found her freshlj
curled hair suddenly drenched when
the water came pouring out of the
shower faucet above. Worse than
that, the water was hot and it buraec
the back of her neck.
Finally, she seemed about to get
through with the bath without fur
ther disaster when—bang—the plastei
fell from the oeiling, landing directly
on what little was left of her curls.
She reached the office at last, hav
ing swum there through her tears
j but she could not talk to those whc
j wanted to know what had happened
“Please don't ask me now,” she
| would say piteously, and that ques
i tioner would move aside to make way
| for the next one.
* * * *
WRONG NUMBER.
The United States Park Police
headquarters is just as likely to get
telephonic inquiries about gas oi
women’s dresses as it is about s
hold-up.
“Why did you turn off my gas?’
angrily Inquires a flustered woman ol
the desk officer, Mark H. Raspberry.
"Have you got any size 38s on sale
today in red dresses?” is anothei
inquiry.
MCE .
VI
Now, to set the record straight anc
to tell the world that the park police
do not operate a gas house nor i
clothing store, the difficulty arise!
over a similarity in telephone num
bers.
The Washington Gas Light Co. Je
District 8500.
One of the largest department storsi
is District 5300.
And the headquarters of the Unlte<
States Park Police is District 3500.
And the public is continually get
ting them all mixed up.
* * * *
BELL.
A Washington newspaper man
whose life is a succession of minor
disasters was filled with consterna
tion recently when he discovered
the doorbell was out of order. Vis
ualizing a long parade of intimates
who had rung and gone, he called
a repair man.
The man said he would be right
over, but when the home-owner
checked up the following evening
nothing had been done about the
bell.
"I centainly did show up," the
repear man said indignantly over
the phone when the irate scribe
got in touch with him. *7 rang
and rang, but no one answered th.
bell“
* * * *
TEA HOUND.
flNE of the about-townest of al
^ the young men in Washlngtor
dropped into one of the gaudier me
dium-price eating places downtowi
the other cocktail hour to create i
sensation altogether out of propor
tion to what he thinks reasonable. '
When the waitress approached hlu
he ordered a pot of tea and som<
toast. Prom the expression on hei
face he gathered that be had com
mitted a quite conspicuous faux pas
He was certain of it during the nexl
few minutes when he saw waitresi
after waitress staring at Mat aa IBM
I
DR. F. E. TOWNSEND,
Shown as he was sworn be
fore the House committee to
day —A. P. Photo.
Townsend
(Continued From First Page.)
linson testified. In doing it, he con
tinued. they had attempted to keep
the doctor actually "in the back
ground.”
"Unemployed” at Start.
Dr. Townsend was "unemployed”
and in “very bad" financial condition
when the movement started, Tomlin
son told the committee, and his wife
was working to pay family expenses.
Sheridan Downey, personal counsel
of Townsend, sat close beside him.
Tomlinson also told the subcom
mittee, according to testimony read
by Sullivan, that many old persons
had brought cash contributions to the
Townsend offices in Long Beach. One
woman was scrubbing floors to earn
money for contributions.
"These old fossils would contribute
to somebody else if not to us," Tom
linson quoted Dr. Townsend.
The old woman said God would
take care of her if she gave all her
funds to the movement, Tomlinson
said. He reminded her that it might
be some time before she was com
mitted to His care, be added.
Representative Tolan informed the
committee as hearings opened that
the signatures brought from Cali
fornia were available for examination
and tabulation by the committee.
Sullivan submitted a letter written
by the doctor to Robert E. Clements,
co-founder, now resigned from the
movement. As Dr. Townsend read
the letter Downey conferred with him.
Representative Lucas objected to
to this practice and Chairman Bell
requested Downey to retire to a
nearby table unless “constitutional
rights” of the witness are endangered.
The letter was written January 16,
1935. In it Dr. Townsend said he was
convinced the weekly should be edited
from Washington, where they could
get the “best Townsend whirl for the
least money."
"Best supervision” of both Congress
men and Senators is possible here, the
letter continued.
"You and I have the world by the
tail and a downhill pull on this thing,
Earle, if we handle it right,” the
letter said. "You should be here to
see the jitters some of the Senators
I and Congressmen are in. It is funny.
"I am always spoken of as a soft
• v>ww, uiuu-tuottiivicu uiu «.nap, uiC
letter continued.
"I still think we have the country
by the tall with a downhill pull,”
Dr. Townsend repeated as Sullivan
went back to question him on each
paragraph of the letter.
Sullivan next introduced a second
letter from Townsend to Clements,
dated September 4, 1935,
This missive concerned itself mostly
with the idea of a Townsend political
party.
"I tell you, old fellow, the way for
us to lick the stuffing out of the old
parties is to become militant and go
after them hammer and tongs for be
ing totally incompetent, as we know
they are. If either of the old parties
adopted our program it would be for
strategic purposes only and their
promises would be forgoten the next
day after election. The cry every
where I go is, ‘why don’t we have our
own party?’ Now that is just the
thing I believe we should begin to do,
talk about the Townsend party, not
wait in the foolish hope that one of
the old groups will adopt us. If they
ever do they will treat us like poor
adopted trash. To hell with them. If
we begin to announce ourselves soon
and work like the dickens for the next
year we shall be able to lick the stuff
ing out of both of them.
Plans Ariiona Campaign,
‘‘J am going back into Arizona as
soon as possible and help those people
to recall their two Senators. I can put
the job over there. That will give the
people courage all over the Nation and
arouse their enthusiasm as nothing
i else could do. Just one successful
campaign like that and we would go
; like a whirlwind. It would begin to
roll in the money, too. We need just
i such a touch as that to enthuse the
people.”
Representative Hoffman then leaped
to the attack on the political angle,
accusing the doctor of “sneaking in”
by bringing pressure on candidates of
the regular parties rather than start
ing their own party. At this remark
the crowd clapped loudly and was
warned by Chairman Bell that there
must be no further demonstrations.
“Notwithstanding these statements
of selfish purpose, shown in these let
ters, do you still maintain you are
sincere in efforts to help the old peo
ple?” Lucas asked.
"I do,” Townsend said.
Before the hearings opened, Chair
man Bell, Democrat of Missouri, voiced
the belief that examination of Dr.
Townsend would require the rest of
the week at least, with several other
witnesses scheduled to follow/ him on
t the stand. Among them are some
members of the recently named board
of directors of Old Age Revolving
Pensions, Ltd., and Edward J. Margett,
. new national publicity chief of the
movement.
■ grapevine telegraph carried word of
his order around the place.
Concealing his indignation under
a light cloak of dignity, he called
the hostess.
"What’s the matter around here?”
he asked; “don’t patrons ever order
a cup of tea?”
"Your order,” said the hostess, Is
i the first we've ted rises tbs D. A. R.
te. _
Drinks Soup From Plate,
Otherwise Entertains
Virgin Islanders.
By the Associated Press.
ST. THOMAS, Virgin Islands, May
19.—Representative Marion Zioncheck,
again in a merry mood, let the placid
Virgin Islands in on his gayety today.
Zioncheck and his bride of a few
weeks hastened here in a naval p’ane
to escape turbulent patriotic demon
strations which punctuated their
honeymoon stay in San Juan.
When they got here they said St.
Thomas, by contrast, was ‘'heaven.”
Today, other guests aboard the Ger
man cruiser Karlsruhe testified to
Zidhcheck's complete bliss.
While dancing on the cruiser, they
said, he shouted to his wife: “We
may be broke, but ain’t we happy?”
Then, while officers and guests were
standing at attention during the play
ing of various national anthems, *he
Congressman strolled away, puffing a
cigar.
Just to show he could do it. diners
at the Bluebeard's Castle Hotel de
clared, he drank his soup from a
plate.
Unfortunately, some dancing couples
received a champagne shower when
Zioncheck subsequently opened an un
usually effervescent bottle.
In & nlavful mnnH nn the wav
home, or so the story goes, the honey
mooner bit his chauffeur and took the
wheel himself. He likes to drive.
Observers also reported Representa
tive Zioncheck had scaled the gate of
Government House on an early morn
ing fishing trip, later paying off the
boatman with a jug of rum and $2.
The Zionchecks expect to go back
to the United States this week, aboard
the liner Scanpenn.
omahaareaIsThit
BY VIOLENT STORM
Eight Injured, Property Dam
aged as Wind, Rain and Hail
Sweep Vicinity.
By the Associated Press.
OMAHA. Nebr.. May 19—Extensive
crop and property damage was sur
veyed yesterday in the wake of a violent
storm which injured eight persons as
it swept across the Omaha-Council
Bluffs, Iowa, area.
A northwest wind spread most of
the destruction late yesterday. It
ranged from 62 to 70 miles per hour
at the Government Airways Weather
Bureau, with a 30-second gust regis
tering 86.
Rain, lasting about an hour, to
taled 2.66 inches. Hail, which drifted
as much as 4 feet deep against some
walls and banks, caused widesnread
damage to the fruit crop. Some live
stock was reported drowned In creek
floods.
One house in Omaha and one In
Council Bluffs were demolished. At
least four others were blown from
their foundations. Scores were un
roofed. Water backed up into sev
eral homes and business establish
ments, windows were smashed, gas
and water mains were cracked. Streets
were littered with branches and big
trees were felled, temporarily cutting
off electric power and light and
blocking traffic.
Most seriously injured was Eugene
Hunt, 54, of Council Bluffs, crushed
under a heavy stove when his two
room cottage came to earth after
being hurled almost 100 feet by a
gust of wind.
- • —
ANTI-ITALIAN RIOTING
FLARES IN HARLEM
Patrolmen Beaten, Colored Man
Shot During Demonstration
Against Rome.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, May 19.—More than
100 police restored order in Harlem
today after three patrolmen were
beaten and a colored man was shot
in a disturbance which began as a
protest to Italy's conquest of Ethiopia.
Lee Cornish was shot in the ankle
by Patrolman Michael Ronan, who
said the colored man struck<tiim dur
ing a melee between officers and dem
onstrators.
Police said the disorder followed a
speech by Ira Kemp. Kemp was jailed.
Windows in several Italian shops
were broken by colored persons leaving
the meeting, police said. When extra
policemen arrived from nearby pre
cincts, groups on housetops along
Lenox avenue showered them with
stones and bottles. None of the police
a _a_1_I
was xiuxt ocuuuoij.
D. C. MAN NAMED
BALTIMORE, May 19 OP).—Albert
Sigmund, Washington, D. C., was re
elected president of the Maryland
Delaware-District of Columbia Jewel
ers’ Association yesterday at the con
clusion of the organization’s two-day
annual convention.
Other officer named: Joseph T.
Montgomery, Wilmington, Del., first
vice president; H. J. Schwartz, Balti
more, second vice president; Howard
Collins, Wilmington, secretary, and
Sidney Ross, Baltimore, treasurer.
British May Ask Changes
in Staff After Dumdum
Bullet Scandal.
By tr.c Associated Press.
LONDON, May 19.—Italy may be
Invited to make changes in the stall
of its London Embassy, informed
sources said today, in the Italo-Ethio
pian-British dumdum bullet scandal.
Certain members of Parliament
were understood to intend to ques
tion Anthony Eden concerning the
position of the Italian military at
tache. The foreign secretary told
the House of Commons yesterday an
attempt had been made to "fabricate
evidence" that British interests sup
plied illegal ammunition to Ethiopia.
The government today cabled Sir
Sidney Barton, Minister to Addis
Ababa, to inquire into two sensational
reports from Ethiopia.
The first was that a British diplo
matic dispatch bag had disappeared
on the railway line between Addis
Ababa and Djibouti. The bag was ad
dressed to John Lowe. British consul
at Djibouti, French Somaliland sea
port. Lowe had been advised by tele
gram from the British Legation at
Addis Ababa to meet the train. He
did so. but the bag. which contained
official correspondence, was said to
Ha miccine
British Officer Held Arrested.
The second report concerned the al
leged arrest of Warrant Officer Bon
ner. attached to a British ambulance
unit. Bonner, according to the re
port, was being taken to a hospital
at Aden for treatment for hydrophobia
when Italian authorities arrested him
at Diredawa, on the railway line.
The government was being pressed,
informed sources said, to take up the
entire question of the Italian Em
bassy's association with a "Col. Pedro
Lopez,” whom Eden described as a
‘‘notorious purvgyor of false informa
tion and forged documents.’*
Eden declared "Lopez,” a British
subject of Polish origin, known under
a number of aliases, posed as an Ethi
opian agent, obtained ammunition
samples from a British firm through
forged letters, and used the samples
to convince Italian authorities that
dumdum bullets were being exported
to Ethiopia.
Grandl Received Warning.
The foreign secretary made clear
that despite a "friendly warning" to
Ambassador Dino Grandl, Lopez's as
sociations with the Italian Embassy
continued. He made no direct charges
against the Italian government, how
ever, confining his criticism carefully
to the activities of Lopez and the
publicity they received in the Italian
press.
There was no suggestion that Ital
ians used Lopez deliberately to ob
tain false dumdum-bullet evidence,
Eden's statement seeming to show it
was the agent who attempted to im
press the Italians with his "mis
chievous activities.”
The press followed Eden's lead for
the most part In drawing no deduc
tions, but the Times said editorially:
"That leg which is so proudly ex
tended on the map of Europe has been
definitely pulled.”
FASCISTS UNCONVINCED.
._
Ethiopian Envoy Wanted to Boy
Dumdums, Anyway, They Soy.
ROME, May 19 UP).—Fascist au
thorities said today they found the
dumdum-bullet explanation of An
thony Eden unconvincing.
They said Eden has implied be
fore the House of Commons that Italy
made Col. Pedro Lopez a provocative
agent, pretending to buy dumdums in
England for Ethiopian use. They
likened the implication to "a page
from a dime novel.”
The explanation was unconvincing,
they asserted, because they did not be
j lieve the foreign secretary had proved
! Warqnex C. Martin, the Ethiopian
Minister to London, was innocent of
intent to purchase soft-nosed bullets.
The Fascists also claimed Eden had
disclosed the existence of a large Brit
ish Arm willing to send dumdums to
a war zone—even though the pretext
was they were to be used for leopard
hunting.
1,321 CASUALTIES BACK.
Maimed and III Arrive in Naples from
Ethiopian War.
NAPLES. May 19 OP).—The Italian
hospital ship California arrived from
East Africa today, bearing 1,321 sick
and wounded. The steamship Aquilea
i W TT_J ___._
of State for Colonies Alessandro Les
sona.
OFFICIALS CALLED
TO LYDDANE TRIAL
Absence Causes Montgomery
Board to Postpone
Meeting.
By a Staff Correspondent ot The 8tar.
ROCKVILLE, Md„ May 19.—The
regular meeting of the board of Mont
gomery County commissioners was
called off today because of the en
forced absence of Its president and
cleric.
Frank H. Kam, president, and Ira
C. Whltacre, clerk, were at Hagers
town, having been summoned as wit
nesses In the trial of Mrs. Anne Lyd
d&ne on a charge of conspiring to
murder her husband.
The National Scene
BY ALICE ROOSEVELT LONGWORTH
THE sudden attack of conscience that has seized the French
about paying the billions they owe us is only another way of
saying what the British state openly: That they want us in
the League of Nations and are willing to settle
their debts, or talk of settling them, in the hope
that the bid will attract us. The British are
more trank in their plea that we sign up; sug
gesting reforms in the League that they might
w}n us over. ••
It is an odd moment to choose to urge us to
join; when the League has been humiliated and
discredited; its Ethiopian bluff definitely called. '
Unless people’s memories are curiously short
they will recall that Mr. Roosevelt is one of the
League of Nations’ most ardent advocates. A
statement was extracted from him when he
. TT!1 wm » UUIUIUOI^ MWb UC WM •fSUIM. JU1UU1(( 1U
Aiic* Lonrworta. 1932, but his habit of disregarding campaign
pledges has created a certain wariness. No one feels entirely sure
where the exponent of good neighborliness may decide to take us.
(Cosrrlsbt. IBM) »
-
-— 1 - 1 1 - I. I.
Lyddane Trial Figures
reticles broke sharply In the foreign
exchange market today following re
ports on the monetary agreement *
reached in Washington between fiscal
authorities of China and the United
States.
The situation, which was referred to
in some banking quarters as a “mone
tary panic," apparently followed in
complete information on the nature of
the Sino-American trade of silver for
dollar balances to allow management
of the external value of the Chinese
monetary unit.
The fact that the amount of silver
involved in the agreement between
Washington and Nanking money au
thorities was undisclosed gave rise to
rumors that the entire national stock
of silver had been pledged to secure
dollar credits.
Posters appeared throughout the
cities today denouncing Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-Shek, and rumors were
heard that disturbances were Immi
nent.
German Books.
Ninety-seven per cent of the books
printed in Germany last year were by
German authors, the others being in
French, English and Latin.
crease the gold and foreign exchange
portion of the nation’s note issue
reserve." 1
Declines an Estimate. !j
Minister Kung declined to estimate
the amount of silver China would
sell to the United States, to achieve
further currency strengthening, or to
disclose the price the United States
would pay, but he asserted:
“The American purchases, which
Secretary Morgenthau's announce- i
ment anticipates will extend over a
period of months. Involving a con
siderable amount of the white metal." *
Refuting long-circulated rumors |
that China was abandoning its in
terest in silver, Kung said the oppo
site viewpoint was correct in a state
ment of the official Chinese attitude.
"Henceforth the silver portion of
our reserves will be at least 25 per -
cent of our note circulation,” he said.
"Furthermore, we are removing the
restriction governing use of silver in
manufacture of silver articles as pro
mulgated November 15, 1935."
Restriction Imposed.
This restriction limited to 30 per
cent the fineness of silver used in arts
and industry. It was imposed as an
emergency measure to assist in na
tionalization of silver and to prevent 1
smuggling.
Kung expressed belief these supple
mentary measures of monetary’ re*
i form and new arrangements made
i would assure China of ability to
maintain an independent currency
system, not linked to any foreign
monetary unit.
He foresaw also permanent stability
for Chinese currency “which will in
evitably lead to great economic im
provement and prosperity for the
Chinese people." *
To complete reform of the Chinese _
coinage system, Rung disclosed, the
Nationalist government will Issue sil
ver coins of 50-cent and $1 denomi
nations.
These coins, it was explained, will
be token pieces, as their silver con
tent will be markedly less than that
heretofore used in the Chinese dollars
now withdrawn from circulation.
Kung denied vigorously rumors th?l
this action constituted devaluation
of the nation's currency, pointing out
the same principles govern this issu
ance as control America's minting oi
5-cent pieces. .
DROPS ON EXCHANGE.
Chinese Currencies Break aa Agree
ment Is Disclosed.
By the Associated Press.
n a av in _....
‘uuj oim i t uiviMK ftivgiam.
Morgenthau said the agreement was j
made not only to aid China’s program
of monetary reform, but to help the J
United States fulfill the provisions f
of the silver purchase act. ')
(This act commits the Treasury to i
build its silver stocks to one-third I
of the gold stocks, or until the silver 1
price reaches $1.20 an ounce. The |
ratio now stands at about 21 per cent, j
with somewhat more than one bii- <
lion ounces of silver still needed !
Morgenthau’s statement relative to
the exchange of views on monetary« J
problems said: |
•’I believe that only through full and
frank exchange of views similar to f
that which has just taken place be
tween the representatives of the Chi- !
nese ministry of finance and ourselv es ’j
will it be possible to improve the
stability of national currency and
with this achieve a greater interna- j
tional stability.” f
The Treasury chief emphasized that
he did not advocate an international
conference now. but would prefer to j,
hold conversations with one nation
at a time. 1
RESULT OF PARLEY. f
Chinese Minister Silent on Tot-1 *
Sales Likely.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI. May 19.—The United
States agreement to purchase Chinese I
silver, providing China with dollar
exchange, resulted from Sino-Ameri
can conversations aimed at strength
ening further the Chinese currency, Z
the ministry of finance disclosed to
day. i
The Nationalist government min- *
ister of finance, H. H. Kung. said:
’ During the last six months the Chi- *
nese government has devoted its ef
forts to developing and strengthen
ing the measures for monetary re
form adopted November 3, 1935.
which have resulted in attainment of
exchange stability at a level adapted
to China’s economic life.
"To achieve this further strength- i
ening of Chinese currency, definite j
arrangements have been made to in
U. $. ACTS 10 AID ■ I
UNA'S CURRENCY I
Silver Purchase Agreement Sjj
Held Move to Join in I
World Parleys. - H
By the Associated Press. jB
Tacitly inviting the nation* of the
world to enter a "frank exchange of
views” on money matters, the United IfH
States moved today to help China sta
bilize her currency. |pB|
Secretary Morgenthau's expression
of willingness to participate in bi- Hi
lateral parleys came yesteraiA* as he Hj
announced an agreement with Chir.-. * H
whereby the United States Treasury H
will make "substantial” silver pur
chases from that nation. B|
The agreement, condition in some SJ
respects, was reached after several i&j
weeks of conferences with represents- |2
tives of the Nanking government's I
finance ministry. H
In addition to the purchases, to be fj
made in unannounced quantities, the. :jjj
agreement also provides China with
dollar exchange for currency stabil- fj
ization. tl
viinuiuviiaui, viuiiivvtsv* v* vuv v«
chequer.
Waterton testified: “Marriott re
turned and said, ‘It isn't 10 guineas
per cent; it’s 15. One of your crowd
in Belishas (an underwriting firm)
has spoiled the market.’
“I at once turned to Marriott and
said, ‘That confirms my assumption,
because Leslie Thomas (son of Co
lonial Secretary J. H. Thomas) is
with Belishas.’ ’*
Questioned by Justice.
Under questioning by Justice Por
ter, Waterton said he was giving Mar
riott a tip which he knew was good
because it came "from an important
client who Is a friend of J. H. Thomas.”
(The expression “10 guineas per
cent” means an insurance rate of 10
guineas per £100. Since a guinea is
21 shillings and £1 is 20, such a
rate would be about 1014 per cent.
A 15 guinea rate would be about 15%
per cent.)
BAND CONCERT.
By the Army Band at Walter Reed
Hospital at 6:30 p.m. today. Capt.
Thomas P. Darcy, leader; Karl Hub
ner, assistant leader.
By the Soldiers’ Home Military
Band at the bandstand at 7 p.m.
John 8. M. Zimmermann, band
master; Anton Fointner, associate
laidtfi
-- • Iilfc* I—n - - ---
t
and shipowner, told him this during
an after-dinner discussion last Sep
tember 26.
At the same time, he said, “chances
of making big money" were mentioned.
Secretary Thomas has denied from
the witness stand that he revealed
any of the budget secrets, including
higher income and tea taxes, before
Chancellor of the Exchequer Neville
Chamberlain read the budget in Com
mons last month.
Questioned on Budget.
“Do you remember any words about
the budget?” Justice Porter, presiding,
asked.
“As far as I can recollect.” the wit
ness replied, “he said he had ways
and means of getting information from
a member of the cabinet.
“Then he mentioned the name of
J. H. Thomas.”
He added:
“I’ve heard that same sort of state
ment from other people generally."
Justice Porter quickly interposed:
“It’s really in the nature of gossip
and not to be taken very seriously.”
Secretary Thomas' attorney, J W.
Morris, was on his feet.
"Do you know that Vergottis is
completely unknown to Mr. Thomas?”
he demanded.
“I don’t think I knew it,” Dr. Hearn
replied.
Broker at Dinner.
Spiro Savagliano. a stock broker
who was present at the dinner party,
followed Dr. Hearn to the stand. >
Asked if Vergottis had declared he
would “know everything about what's
In the budget before it comes out,”
Savagliano retorted:
“It's an absolute lie!”
Earlier a financier witness had told
the inquiry that a firm employing
Thomas’ son “spoiled the market" for
Income tax insurance before the bud
get was disclosed last month.
Edmund Alfred Waterton said that
on his suggestion a friend. Reginald
Marriott, telephoned a broker and
inquired the rate for insurance against
income tax increases in the budget
about to be announced by Neville
THOMAS TO ‘LEAK’
Financier’s ‘Tip’ on Ability
to Get Budget Data Told
at British Probe.
Bv the Associated Press.
LONDON. May 19—A London
financier's “tip" that he could "get
hold of information” from a cabinet
member, whom he named as Colonial
Secretary J. H. (Jim) Thomas, was
described to the British “budget leak”
inquiry today by Dr. Reginald J.
Hearn. Cambridge medical graduate
and barrister.
Dr. Hearn testified that P. Vergottis,
ti’ho rip^rrihpc Viimcplf at a finortHpr
oner explained she had drawn money
from a bank to buy baby bonds and a
new automobile for her husband.
McAuliffe said Mrs. Lyddane told
him she gave a stranger *200 after
she had been informed over the tele
phone her husband was “tied up and
kidnaped.” Mrs. Lyddane was quoted
as saying she gave the money to a
man in a car bearing Ohio tags.
The State contends Mis. Lyddane
gave the money to Harry Thomas and
Borrell while the pair were in the
latter’s car.
McAuliffe’s testimony was borne out
by Sergt. Joseph Nolte of Montgomery
County. The latter witness said Mrs.
Lyddane told him she reported to her
husband after being fleeced by the
fake kidnapers.
The officers said Mrs. Lyddane told
them she did not report the “kidnap
ing” because she and her husband
feared publicity and the possible loss
of her bank Job.
Salzburg Garb Full Dm*.
SALZBURG, Austria.—The colorful
peasant dress that Salzburg, like other
Austrian provinces, has chosen as the
official garb of the district, has been
flawed proper Jar aobool oerwnooiee.
*
avors. rtamey earn xvirs. t-yauane
seemed agitated.
The State contends it was at this
time that Mrs. Lyddane was urging
Camell to have his hirelings go
through with the projected murder.
Camell was employed as a bar ten
der at the inn.
Carlin's testimony was followed by
that of Anthony (Tony) Pazzero. an
Italian who managed the municipal
wood yard in Washington at the time
of the conspiracy. He explained he
now had no occupation.
The witness was called to corrob
orate Carlin's story of his meeting with
B«land. The Italian said he overheard
talk of a killing when he accompanied
Boland and Carlin from a Washing
ton lunch room to an all-night beer
place in Alexandria. He said he ad
vised Carlin and Boland to refrain
from murder.
He added he did not overhear
many details of the conversation be
tween his drinking companions.
Tells of Meeting "Mrs. Lyddane."
Irving (Oppety-Pops) Borrell, 28
year-old former convict, told the jury
he drove to Rockville with Harry
Thomas just before Christmas of
1934 to meet a woman he later identi
fied as Mrs. Lyddane.
Borrell said Thomas told him he
received *100 from the woman.
Borrell explained under cross-ex
amination his fellow convicts at Lorton
christened him ‘‘Oppety-Pops.” He
said he had been convicted four or
five times and had served sentences in
a number of Eastern prisons.
Borrell, he testified, now has a relief
job in Columbus, Ohio.
Tells of Destroyed Paper.
Lieut. Lloyd Truscott of the Wash
ington detective force, who arrested
Boland on April 1, 1935, was the next
witness. He identified scraps of paper
which he picked up after the prisoner
tried to discard them. The State con
tends Boland tried to destroy a note
he had of the license number of
Lyddane's car.
Sergt. James McAuliffe of the Mont
gomery County force told of arresting
Mrs. Lyddane and finding *775 in her
nnee«ccirin The serepant said his nris
— d
Lyddane
J
(Continued Prom First Page.)
Lyddane was having an affair with
Beall at the time of the conspiracy.
The young ex-convict said he told
Boland:
“Don’t touch that or you'll go to the
chair.’’
Carlin told the jury Boland said
there was a big insurance policy to be
collected for ’ bumping’’ the man.
"That's all horse,” Carlin said he
told Boland.
Carlin said Boland then told him !
he meant no murder, but was only
going to “shake down’’ the Rockville
woman.
Carlin said Boland declared the
woman would turn over the keys to a
bank as part consideration for the
job.
“I don’t want nothin’ to do wit'
that,” Carlin said he told Boland.
Officer Testifies.
Carlin was preceded to the stand by
Carl Rainey, a Montgomery County
officer, who told of watching Mrs.
Lyddane hurry from the bank where
she worked to the Lincoln Way Inn
Just prior to the arrest of the conspir
Above: Mrs. Anne Lyddane
and Kenneth Lyddane, de
fense attorney and cousin of
“Slom” Lyddane, the defend
ant’s husband, as they left
Hagerstown court yesterday
after the first day’s session.
Mrs. Lyddane is charged with
conspiring with gangsters to
murder her husband.
Below: John (“Googy”)
Carnell, underworld figure
and chief State’s witness, who
told a jury his story of the al
leged conspiracy for the third
time yesterday, pictured as he
ate lunch during the noon re
cess. —Star Staff Photos.

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