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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1936, Image 4

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Mirro davis
Having Been Over Europe,
% He Fears That Market
is Lost Forever.
In March Chester Davis, A. A. A.
administrator, went to Europe, at
the direction of President Roosevelt,
to survey the possibility of increas
ing American farm exports during
the next few years. He also was to
study the agricultural programs of
various countries.
9y the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 19.—Chester Davis,
A. A. A. administrator, returned to
London today in a somewhat gloomy
and pessimistic mood after six weeks
of an agricultural survey In 11 Eu
ropean countries. He will sail for
home Thursday aboard the steamship
While Davis feels United States
farmers gradually can expand their
•ales to Europe, he nevertheless ex
pressed the view the United States
never can recapture its former mar
kets for big and important com
modities, because of the increase of
•elf-sufficiency programs and the
erection of stern trade barriers.
“Therefore,” he said, "the outstand
ing conclusion from my European con
versations is that the farmers at home
must continue national efforts to ad
just their production to these changed
"Unless the Nation and Government
continue to recognize this the pro
duction which will result from normal
weather will mean a return toward
the low-price levels so disastrout for
the low-price levels so disastrous for
Davis visited England, France, Ger
many. Italy, Sweden, the low countries
and the Balkan states. He saw states
men, leaders and agriculturists in each
"I have talked with responsible
leaders of government and agriculture
in 11 countries," said Davis, “an<^ not
one of these countries has failed to
equip itself with effective machinery
to exclude or to offset exports from
our country, no matter how heavily
we might subsidize them, but the
American farmers, except as they have
co-operated with agricultral adjust
ment, are still cultivating the large
acreage for which they once had an
export outlet.
“One new and important factor has
entered into the farm trade picture
in Europe.
"Under the threat of war, with the
possibility of food supplies being
choked off by a blockade, the leading
countries of Western Europe are striv
ing to become self-sufficient and to
produce their own foodstuffs sc far
as possible.”
Davis praised the new Franco
American trade agreement, saying:
"I was in France the day the agree
ment was made public, and approval
was universal among officials and
French and American business men.
Both look for expanding trade in
Heeelal Dlsputcn to Th« Star.
ST. LOUIS, May 19.—Denouncing
denominational sectionalism as the
"tragedy of America,” Dr. Rufus W.
Weaver, Washington, D. C., executive
secretary of the Columbia Association
of Baptist Churches, urged closer co
ordination before the joint session of
the Southern and Northern Baptist
conventions in session here today.
Pointing out that “there is no scrip
tural mandate for a Mason and Dixon
line in the Kingdom of God.” Dr.
Weaver declared the Luther Rice Cen
tennial to be celebrated next Septem
ber offers an opportunity for the re
vival of sacred memories “that be
long to the time when American
Baptists were all happily united.”
"Out of this hour should come some
thing more than platform oratory and
floor fraternity,” he said.
Dr. Weaver, who is executive secre
tary of the Luther Rice Centennial
Commission, with headquarters in
Washington, outlined the part of the
pioneer Baptist leader in founding
Columbian College, now George Wash
ington University, and described plans
lor the world-wide celebration.
Stork Visits Wrong Home.
PALO ALTO, Calif. UP).—Dr. M. E.
Rumwell went into his garage one
night and found a stork perched on
his automobile. Next day an 8-pound
eon was bom to his daughter-in-law,
Mrs. Arnold Rumwell.
“Standees” in the Busses
A candid camera view inside a crowded bus. Many of the complaints reaching the Public
Utilities Commission are of packing of busses. The aisle space is so narrow that passengers can
pass only by squeezing their way through. —Star Staff Photo.
T ransportat ion
(Continued From First Page.)
there was widespread dissatisfaction
with the busses.
Testifying at a hearing before the
Public Utilities Commission, J. R. Man
ning, vice president of the associa
tion and chairman of its Public Utili
ties Committee, said in part:
‘‘The Chevy Chase Citizens’ Asso
ciation is the largest in the District
of Columbia. We built up our mem
bership largely on this transportation
“When I testified at a hearing here
last Summer, when the commission
had under consideration the aban
donment of the street car service on
Connecticut avenue and the substitu
tion of busses, I feared that the change
contemplated by the company would
be seized upon as an excuse to further
cheapen the service on Connecticut
“I also stated I felt that if the
coach line were continued that the
tendency of the company would be
to force as many people as possible
to ride that 15-cent coach. I am
still of that opinion.
Complaints Have Increased.
“Since the bus service was inau
gurated on Connecticut avenue in
September, we have had more com
pliants regarding the service than we
ever had with the old street car serv
ice, bad as it was. I will say uus
in justice to'the company: For the
first few weeks the service was very
good, much better than the street
car service, but for some reason it
was allowed to decline; apparently
fewer busses were operated and ap
parently the busses were faulty,
i “In the last two or three months,
however, we have had a number of
meetings of our Executive Commit
tee and also a number of public
meetings of the association. Unfor
tunately people do not like to write
letters and do not like to make de
tailed reports, and I cannot furnish
you with a lot of written reports I
have received. But I can say with
out exaggeration that I have received
on an average of 50 telephone calls
and personal calls a week regarding
the present conditions of the bus
service on Connecticut avenue.”
In contrast to this strong indict
ment of the company’s service in De
cember, Manning told The Star yes
terday that a distinct improvement
had been noted, adding, however,
that the service is by no means sat
isfactory now.
"I. have noticed,” he said, ‘‘that
attendance at the meetings of our
association has been falling off, al
though the membership is still large.
This is a pretty good sign that the
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people are better satisfied with the
transportation facilities.”
The principal complaints now, he
said, are that the company does not
run enough busses and that those run
are not properly spaced, causing se
rious overcrowding, and that the ven
tilating facilities are poor.
"I think the busses are still being
overcrowded,” Mr. Manning said, “de
spite the recent order of the Public
Utilities Commission relating to the
maximum number of standing pas
sengers, and we regard this as a dan
gerous condition of operation. There
have been cases where the driver has
had to ask standing passengers to
move so he could shift gears.”
Cites Speed of Busses.
The principal improvement over the
street car service, he said, lies in the
greater speed of the busses. He also
pointed out that breakdowns are not
as serious with busses as street cars.
“When a street car broke down,” he
explained, “all the following cars
were held up. We still have entirely
too many breakdowns, but the other
busses can go around the one out of
commission This represents a real
improvement in service.”
Manning said the members of the
association found the bus drivers "rea
sonaDjy courteous ana on me wnoie
doing a "pretty good Job.” He added,
however, that they are none too
skillful in handling the busses as yet,
frequently shaking up the passengers
by Jerky starts and too sudden stops,
due to careless driving.
He also stressed the discomfort
caused by excessive exhaust fumes in
the busses. The Public Utilities
Commission recently ordered instal
lation of special ventilating devices
in an effort to overcome this condi
In other sections of the city, how
ever, the charge has been made that
the transit company, desiring to make
a good showing on Connecticut ave
nue, has made less of an effort to
furnish satisfactory sendee cm other
One man wrote the Commission the
following description of a trip he
made on a Rhode Island avenue bus
last December:
“This was a cold evening and no
windows were open in the bus. This
particular bus was an old one. re
painted and renumbered. The fumes
of oil were suffocating. A number
of complaints were heard and even
the driver complained of a terrible
sick headache and nausea, having
driven Just a couple of trips.”
Another bus rider complained of
a bus being in such bad shape that
the driver had to hold the gear shift
lever in place with his hand or knee
while driving, to keep the gears from
disengaging. Several complaints have
been received that the company char
ters its good busses, replacing them
with old ones for regular passenger
Busses Failed to Operate.
F. A. Sager, chief engineer for the
commission, reported that six sched
uled busses failed to operate at all
on the Chevy Chase line from Fif
teenth and H streets on December
7 between 5:15 and 5:47 p.m., the
height of the rush hour.
From 5:16 until 5:30, he said, all
busses went by with "fuU" signs, leav
ing from 17 to 23 prospective pas
sengers waiting at the stop. Some of
these busses, he added, had to stop
for a traffic light, and the drivers,
Importuned by people standing in the
street, did take on two or three pas
sengers, despite the "full” signs.
Sager, testifying at the hearing in
December, also reported numerous
cases of overcrowding, 52 passengers
on busses with capacities for 32 not
being uncommon.
iKa marl elnnifloonl mnrwr i r
made by Sager, a recognized trans
portation expert, urged the inaugura
tion of psychological tests to determine
the fitness of bus and street car oper
ators for their work.
"In connection with the operators
of busses and street cars,” he said,
"I believe that the character of the
service would be greatly improved il
attention were given by the Capital
Transit Co. to the mental and temper
amental characteristics of motormen
and conductors as determined by ordi
nary reaction tests which have been
for some time in common use by
certain street railway companies. Il
a man la not mentally or temper
amentally equipped to operate a bus
or street car, the operattlon is not
safe and will not be regular. If, how
ever, these tests are applied to all
men who operate motor vehicles, the
chances are that unlit men will nc
longer be permitted to drive a vehicle
loaded with 30 to 50 passengers,
Therefore, the risks of the company
will be greatly decreased and the
operation of the busses and cars will
be more comfortable.
"Prom my own observations I know
Urges Equality of Commer
cial Treatment of All Na
tions in Talk Here.
By the Associated Press.
World-wide equality of commercial
treatment for all nations was urged to
day by Secretary Hull as the most
effective means of restoring interna
tional trade.
Addressing the International Cham
ber of Commerce in the Mayflower
Hotel on the occasion of foreign trade
week, the Secretary of State called for
an end to discriminatory trade prac
tice* in favor of the reciprocal most
favored - nation treatment principle
which he is seeking to promote.
Recalling the collapse of interna
tional trade during the last six years
and the "protracted Inability of gov
ernments to recreate the conditions in
which it can recover," Hull declared:
"The shrinkage of foreign trade has
deprived of their means of livelihood
millions of workers who. despite the
efforts of their governments to create
domestic prosperity in the midst of
International stagnation, are still for
, . it. _ -us i. _M Vll_ ..
U1C IliUOb 1^01 1/ VUV WJVVWI vr* ««
“Increasingly. governments are
tempted to find relief from pressure
and distress at home by recourse to
military adventures abroad."
Policewoman Coveri County.
Dorset. England, has appointed its
first policewoman and has given her
a “beat" of 625,612 acres, for she must
cover the entire county.
that both bus ana car operators drive
their vehicles down the street with
eyes to the right or left, viewing
the scenery at the side of the street
when their eyes and attention should
be continuously in front of them. On
one occasion a bus driver started his
bus. and as he did so looked directly
to his left for a space of two or three
seconds, then on looking in front
found an automobile within a few
feet of him. He put on his brakes
with force, throwing all passengers
forward and just escaped hitting the
automobile. Had his eyes been In
front this would never have occurred.”
. These are but samples of the many
complaints on file against the busses.
These complaints, however, are in
terspersed with commendations, and
the many advantages of busses mean
but one thing—the gradual passing of
the old street car. The following pas
sage from a Public Utility Commis
sion report clearly indicates the mod
ern trend:
"Material changes in the lines of
the Capital Transit Co. have taken
place in the District. 8ince 1923
many miles of track have been aban
doned. no track extensions have been
constructed since 1910, and a net
work of bus operations has been es
tablished since the advent of the
first bus operation.”
Held in Stabbing
—Star Staff Photo.
(Continued From First Page.1)
following further questioning at No. 1
precinct. He later was sent to Gal
llnger Hospital for observation.
The Blunt girl, a former Central
High School student who Is now em
ployed as a cleric at the Labor Depart
ment, was taken to Emergency Hos
pital, where the gash in her neck was
She told police her assailant, whom ;
she could not describe, ran down a fire ;
escape after stabbing her. She said I
the knife wielder uttered no word. She !
cried out when blood streamed down
her dress.
The girl, who is the daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Joseph F. Blunt, had gone
to the theater with Mildred Spalding,
13, of 1315 East Capitol street, her
cousin, and Lillian Ginsberg, 16, of
1500 Twenty-seventh street, both Cen
tral students. They did not sit to
— • ■ ■ -
Clerk Asks Divorce.
Lawrence R. Loveland. 700 block of
First street. District Refuse Depart
ment clerk, filed suit for divorce yes
terday. from Mrs. Katherine G. Love
land, 200 block of C street, in Reno.
Nev. Charging desertion in June, 1934,
Loveland said he was married in Chap
tico, Md., on April 30, 1933.
Cruiser Minneapolis and Freighter
in Collision in Balboa
By the Associated Press.
Three naval vessels and a mer
chant ship sustained minor damage
In a series of accidents during the
last 10 days in the annual fleet
maneuvers in the Pacific off Panama. |
The Navy Department revealed to
day that the heavy cruiser Min
neapolis and the freight steamer Ma
rore were in what was described as
a minor collision in the outer har
bor at Balboa. Canal Zone, on May
9. The damage to both was said to
have been so slight as not to neces
sitate docicing for repairs.
Simultaneously, the Navy announced
that the battleships Mississippi and
New Mexico developed turbine trouble
while actively engaged in the
maneuvers and, escorted by three
mine layers, were proceeding under 4
reduced speed to the naval base at
San Pedro, Calif., for repairs. They
have been detached from the!
maneuvers, which have been In pro
gress for more than two weeks.
The announcement said reports that
the Mississippi and New Mexico had
been in collisions were baseless. ffi
Lack of Boosevelt Opposition i
“Windfall” to Georgians. j
ATLANTA. May 19 ^.—President !
Roosevelt's Georgia re-election cam- ^
palgn organization today went about |
the unusual task of returning political
contributions. j
Marion Allen, State Roosevelt chair- ?
man, said more than $17,000, mostly
In small sums, was raised to pay the
$10,000 fee to enter the President's .
name in the State presidential pri- |
Since there was only one candidate ■]
the money was refunded. Now the ’
cash will go back to the donors.
“ The lately carrot becomes a dinner-party deli
cacy when glazed with a sugar and butter sauce!
But, don't forget... for best results you should
use a fine-grained, quick-dissolving sugar for the
13 to 16 small new carrot* X cup water
1 cup Jack Frost Granulated Sugar 2 tablespoon* butter
Scrub whole carrots and cook in boiling water until almost ten
der. Drain off water and remove skins. Place carrots in a shallow
buttered baking dish. Pour over carrots a syrup made as fol
lows: Combine Jack Frost Granulated Sugar and water. (Jack
Frost is recommended because its quick-dissolving qualities
make it ideal for glazing.) Place sugar and water over low heat and stir until
sugar is dissolved. Boil without stirring for 5 minutes. Add butter. Bake in
moderate oven (375° F.) 30 minutes, turning carrots in zyrup several times
during the baking-period, to insure an even glaze. Serve hot.
Note: Jack Frost Granulated Sugar added to the boiling water in which fresh
limn beans, string beans, asparagus and corn are cooked will greatly
ve their flavor.
There's a different JACK FROST SUGAR fer every need.
Gronnletod, Powdered, Confectioners XXXX, Brown, Toilets
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