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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHING! O N. D C. WEDNESDAY.—May SO. 10S0 THEODORE W. NOYES.Editar The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Business office lltn St end Pennsylvania Ave , New York Office. 110 Eaat42nd St. _ Chioagp Office Lake Michigan Building. European office. 14 Regent st London England Bate by Carrier Within the City. Regular Settles. The Evening Star_____46c Mr month The Evening ana bunder Star (whei 4 Sunders)._-60c oar month The Evening and 8utidar Star (when 5 Sunders)___Me per montn The Sundae Star_...........6e Mr oopr Night Final Edition Night Final and Sunder 8tar_70c pet montn Night Final Star_55c per month Collection made at the end of each month. Ordere may tie aent by mall or telephone Na tional 6000 Rate by Mail—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Klly and Sunday_1 rr. mo. 85e ily only_ } yr. mo. 60c Sunday only__1 rr. mo.. 40e All Other Statei and Canada. Band 8unday__l rr.. 612.00; 1 mo. S1.00 only_1 rr.. *8 00; 1 mo., 75e ir only_1 yr. 56 00; 1 mo. 50o Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press Is exclusive!? entitled to the use for republlcatlon o! all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in thle paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. School Board Appointment The motives and methods in Mr. Blan ton’s resolution to abolish the Board of Education and to substitute a board of trustees appointed by the Commissioners, the board to select a “supervisor of public schools,” removable at pleasure, are in the nature of history repeating itself. Members of the Board of Education Were originally selected by the Commis sioners. The appointive power was transferred from the Commissioners to the justices of the District Supreme n... —A *■ l- „ .....n ai __ _ ai VWIUW «»*-» VUV * VOU4K VI U§i vn tllUii SVl tilt/ removal of persons who had incurred the displeasure of members of Congress. Mr. Blanton's resolution is manifestly aimed, not at improving the system of selecting board members, but to get rid of board members and school officials who have incurred his displeasure. That in itself is enough to condemn the resolution. As an abstract proposi tion, the logical appointive power in the choice of board members should rest with the Commissioners, rather than with the justices of the District Supreme Court. But it is unthinkable that such a change, proposed under present cir cumstances and with the current objec tives. would be made effective. This is not the time, nor is the resolution the method, of reinvesting the Commission ers with the appointive power which they lost under circumstances not unlike those which prompt the present proposal. Within the past two years the com munity registered its unmistakable oppo sition to the plan, tentatively proposed and then dropped, by former Corporation Counsel Prettyman for generally en larging the power of the Commissioners by giving them the power to “direct or prohibit" the action of any “official, committee, commission, board or agency financed in whole or in part” by District revenues. The effect of such an exten sion oi autnomy, applying not oniy to citizens' boards but to such agencies as the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, would have been to nullify their independence and to make them creatures of the Commis sioners. The appointive power over board memberships was not so much in question as was the whole principle of Independent boards, which in Washing ton are more essential to community welfare than ir. any other city in the country. In a city without representation in its government, municipal or national, it is essential that every conceivable method should be employed to interest the com munity in its own affairs and to foster public spirit and civic loyalty by giving the people a maximum of indirect par ticipation through their citizens’ boards. To take what power these boards now possess away from them, even to lodge it with the Commissioners, would in the last analysis be to destroy them. Youngsters are invited to become play mates of the police. The idea is full of encouragement. It makes the youngster sympathetic with law and order and also permits the policeman to enjoy the bene fits of some really good company. The Coming of Cicada. The so-called “seventeen-year locusts" are here again, in countless thousands, probably millions, in this vicinity. A few days ago they began to emerge from the ground, leaving innumerable holes In the soil. Immediately upon reaching the surface they started their slow crawl toward the nearest trees or shrubs, up which they climbed, seeking a twig or leaf beneath which they clung. Then the back of the shell split open and the winged cicada emerged, leaving the husk behind. The male cicada lives only a short time and takes no food. The female, which lives for several weeks, deposits her eggs about the middle of June. The young hatch, drop to the ground and burrow into the soil, there to subsist upon the sap of rootlets and to remain for seventeen years, when the process is repeated. In the suburbs of Washington these cicada are just now to be found in Immense numbers. They are commonly called locusts, but that is not their proper name. They do no particular harm above ground, but in their long burrowing they take the sustenance of growing things. While they are under ground they take their toll from all the vegetation. Garden keepers are usually concerned greatly when these little creatures come into evidence, and seek to destroy them, though that is a huge task when the swarms come forth as they are coming at present. The birds take their toU of them, also. Even some of the domestic animals acquire a taste tat them and help to keep down the brood that will reappear in another seventeen-year period. These cicada form, it has been estt ' i i mated, about thirty separate broods, covering a large area throughout the Atlantic and Central States. There la also a thirteen-year variety, of the same sort, with a more southerly range and extending as far west as Nebraska and Kansas. There are varieties of these “bemlptera” that do enormous damage to crops, becoming veritable plagues that bring grievous misfortune to farmers. These local visitors should be destroyed as far as possible, even though they may not be as devastating as other members of their family. “Admitting” the Facts. In his recent examination of L. H. Parker, author of the Board of Trade's comparative tax study, Mr. Blanton took the witness over ground that by now has become familiar to the members of the House and the readers of the Congressional Record. Reporting on his examination of the witness. Mr. Blanton says Mr. Parker aamiuea various ana sundry asser tions concerning Washington taxpayers. The Star has on more than one occasion taken up in order “admissions” and assertions of this sort and added the facts which refute the errors of statements and supply the missing half of Mr. Blanton's truths. Suppose some examination is now made of facts concerning Washington to which Mr. Blanton does not allude in his searching examination of wit nesses, warned to give “yes or no” answers to his barrage of questions. It will be admitted that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington that is the Capital of the United States. It will be admitted that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington where the local taxpayer, furnishing over eighty five per cent of annual budgets exceed ing $40,000,000 a year, is at the same time denied all participation in the Government which levies his taxes and spends his tax revenues. It will be admitted that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington that is governed exclusively by a Congress composed of representatives of every State, district, city, town and hamlet of the country except Washington. It will be admitted that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington where the National Government owns tax-exempt real estate and improvements to the estimated value of $550,000,000, which property must be policed, protected, furnished with water, streets, sidewalks and other facilities to make such prop erty usable by more than 115.000 Fed eral employes; that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington where the total value of tax-exempt property exceeds $711,179,881—or forty-six per cent of the total valuation of taxable property; where the taxable area is being con stantly diminished by the purchase of additional land for non-taxable Fed eral property; where the boundaries of the city are fixed by the Constitu tion and cannot be extended to take in additional taxable territory; where heavy, tax-producing industries are pro hibited by the desire of Congress to make the city the world's most beautiful capital. It will be admitted that in recoani tion of the obligation of the National Government to contribute to the support and development of its National Capital Congress, after careful examination of the facts and equities in connection with this obligation, enacted and by amend ment of the organic act has reaffirmed the principle of appropriating Federal funds in direct ratio to the funds raised through local taxation for sup port and development of the Nation’s Capital; that without repealing this law the Congress has annually evaded its provisions by temporary, annual de partures, substituting therefor a lump sum that has decreased while the burden of local taxation has increased, accord ing to latest available census figures, by a larger percentage than that of any of the forty-four largest cities in the United States. It will be admitted that no one can name another city in the whole United States besides Washington where local taxpayers are committed to certain extraordinary expenditures, for the maintenance and development of local and semi-national undertakings, oc casioned by the fact that Washington is the Capital of the Nation, the seat of the National Government. And it will be admitted that in spite of the lack of certain special taxes by which the self-deternfining residents of some other cities prefer to earmark their total tax dollar, Washington’s total tax burden per capita is shown by United States census figures—the most accurate available—to be among the highest in the United States; that its assessments per capita are the highest in the United States, with the possible exception of New York City; that in addition to their heavy local taxes the people of Washington pay in internal revenue more than twice the amount of the current lump sum, more than each of twenty-three of the States, more than nine States combined, and that their internal revenue contributions per capita are greater than those of thirty eight of the States. Half a Loaf. On the theory that half a loaf is better than no bread, the Senate has duly ratified the purely “qualitative" Anglo -Franco-American naval treaty re cently signed at London, voicing ap proval without a dissenting vote. This unanimity by no means signifies any thing savoring of enthusiasm over the pact, which falls so far short of Amer ican hopes of achieving something sub stantial in the realm of naval limitation. With Japan bolting the London Con ference because of her inability to obtain parity with Great Britain s»m the United States, restricted results were Inevitable. Senator Pittman, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, in advo eating ratification, therefore correctly described the pact as "disappointing,” but he was equally within the truth in asserting that it Is the best treaty ob tainable under existing world condi tions. Perhaps the most disquieting aspect of the agreement is that the three naval powers which abstain from it—Japan, Italy and Germany—are the nations widely believed to cherish ex pansionist ambitions of more or less aggressive character and which remain at liberty to build any kind of fleets they can afford. The fact that no one of them, from an economic standpoint, is in position to embark upon costly naval construction is a fairly safe guarantee that no danger of a renewal of world-wide building competition is to be expected from their direction. With British and French ratification assured, the tripartite treaty will go into effect January 1 next. As both the 1922 Washington treaty and the 1930 London treaty expire at the end of this year, the new pact will be the only naval agreement, in existence, uespnc its shortcomings, it has definite and valuable advantages. It establishes the categories of combatant craft that the signatories may maintain. *While there is no limit on the tonnage that may be laid down within any given category, no new’ types may be built. An im portant condition provides for exchange of full information of building plans, with at least four months' notice be fore any new’ construction is under taken. If a signatory power s security is threatened, or if It feels that con struction by any country outside the treaty necessitates additional tonnage or new types of ships, notice to the other signatories suffices to make the treaty limitations inoperative under so-called “escape clauses.” Promises of informal Japanese co operation in the consultation features of the treaty have been received in Washington by way of the British for eign office, and it is indicated that ap propriate Information will thus be regu larly relayed from Tokio. With such tacit Japanese participation in the new arrangement, coupled with the firm understanding between Great Britain and the United States that the English speaKing nations are permanently com mitted to naval parity as between them selves, this country has every reason to consider that arrangements among the world’s chief naval powers have for the time being been placed upon as satisfactory' a basis as the interna tional situation permits. Uncle Sam, meantime, is systematically proceeding 'to complete and maintain a full treaty Navy. The outlook for adequate Amer ican preparedness and security at sea is a reassuring one. There never was a time wrhen Ameri can statesmanship utilized so great a variety of talents. At any moment a leader may be required to interrupt serious instruction in order to provide personal entertainment. It seems rather severe for troopers to shoot the man who carried Haile Se lassie's sunshade. They might have sat isfied a sentimental resentment by re maining content to break his umbrella. Prance’s awareness of debt may be scientifically studied as a recovery of consciousness after a long period of shell shock. Shooting Stars. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Exercise. “Take exercise," says old Doc Wise, “To keep your body strong; Weak grows the arm that idly lies In fear of going wrong. Do not draw near a task in fear Your strength may not avail. But gather strength and persevere, Though you at first may fail. “The plan you’ll find works with the mind, And also with the heart. Take exercise that is designed To fit you for a part. The man worth while can always smile, And maybe sing a song, And keep his spirit up in style To help the work along.” Support. “You haven’t told us whom you in tend to support.” “You mean politically?” said Senator Sorghum. “Certainly.” “I haven’t concentrated on that point. As times are going, my most earnest thought is demanded by the support of myself and family.” • Civilization. Our pride is great. We’ve met the test That shows us what we are. We’re certain that we have progressed— But not so very far. Pine mechanisms bring the news. The good as well as baa. There Is so much from which to choose! Yet most of It Is sad. Men struggle on and will not quit, Led by Hope’s guiding star. We have progressed, we must admit, But not so very far. Jud Tonkins says it’s a queer world. Folks are always resentful either because they have too much work or because they haven't any. “Let us respect the man with a loud voice," said HI Ho, the sage of China town. “They who seek to deceive ate most often whisperers.” i New Titles. , Dictators set the kings aside, And only passing time will show Who shall surpass in pomp and pride When the Dictator has to go. “One man say ’Silence Is golden,’" said Unde Kben, “and another say ‘Money talks.’ Tain’ no wonder web * gettln’ mixed up tryln’ to be finances- , tiouar i NEW BOOKS AT RANDOM By Margaret Germond. THE DARK GREEN CIRCLE. By Ed ward Shanks. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Co. A surviving bit of ancient Rome, thriving in an isolated village in twen tieth century England, is the center of the mystery which Mr. Shanks develops by way of an archeological discovery that ramifies into lineal primogeniture, the origin of “Old King Cole,” mystic religious rites and the aftermath of an unhappy incident on a polar expedi tion. Not any one of these elements would seem to bear a relationship to the others, yet as they are here drawn together in a modern romance they make a lively and entertaining tale in which the efforts of some eight or ten people are directed toward the preven tion of a murder instead of toward the identification and capture of a criminal. When a well-to-do bachelor who is nearing the dangerously attractive age of forty undertakes to escape from a mar riftC’P-infpntinnpH vonno* lariv thprp is nn telling what he may be led into before he gets over his fright and realizes that he is, after all, a free agent and has the right to determine his own fate. Major Philip Laver, pursued by the niece of his dearest friends and urged by them to give serious thought to the ad vantages of marriage, goes off in his autogiro to enjoy a bit of solitude and to map his campaign of resistance. While cruising about over the country side he sees on the downs below him a large and peculiar dark green circle which disappears and again becomes visible with the changing light. In trigued by the phenomenon, he lands his machine near what he believes to be an edge of the circle and promptly discovers an ancient monolith, which bears out his surmise that the circle probably marks the outline of earth works of an early Roman period. If his guess proves correct, he has made an important find as an amateur archeologist. He investigates the neigh borhood and comes upon a community that appears to have been dead for centuries. He soon discovers, however, that life exists in that lonely spot and that the inhabitants, though English, are as strange as though they were of a different race. Another guest arrives at the home of his friends, a young man who has returned from a polar expedition with the spiritual light with in him extinguished. Major Lavar fliea him over the downs, but the circle refuses to appear. They go together to the village, where they meet a fanatic unom leaver nas Known as a cnapiam during the war, and then a beautiful, remote young lady, whose presence in the village comes as a distinct shock to young Harry Penwith. Justin Cole had years before set him self up as king of the community and had ruled its people with kindly, If autocratic, authority. Strangers had never been welcomed in Temple Over roads, but Justin and the vicar are polite to Laver and Penwith and the former takes them over the town and shows them various remnants of ancient Ro man splendor. More convinced than ever that his guess as to the secret of the green circle is correct, Laver in vites a famous archeologist to inspect the locality with him, and meanwhile the entire Merrion household has reached the conclusion that the beauti ful girl who has somehow come under the spell of Justin Cole is in some sort of danger. When the archeologist arrives on the scene he knows immediately that Lily Harkness is in grave danger, and that the cause of that danger dates back many centuries. And against this back ground of archaeological interest Mr. Harkness has presented the story of a strange community in modern England in which the life of a beautiful girl depends upon the wits of Major Laver and his friends. It is interesting and exciting to the last word. * * * * ALONG NATURE’S TRAILS Bv Lil lian Cox Athey. New York: Amer ican Book Co. For many months the Nature stories by Lillian Cox Athey. which have ap peared daily in The Star, have attracted wide interest and there has been a growing demand that they be collected and produced in book form for ready use by all students and lovers of the great out of doors. In response to this demand, the first of a series of twelve volumes has been published and is now available as a handy guide and source of Information concerning the trails and the woods, the fields and the streams and the creatures that Inhabit them. The stories were begun because the small nephew of the author possessed an insatiable thirst for knowledge about the creatures. Most children are not particularly concerned about the ac curacy or facts of a bedtime story so long as the tale is interesting and mildly exciting. But this little fellow stipulated that the stories of the birds and the animals, the snakes and the insects, the trees and the flowers must be true. The filling of such an order for truth required an enormous amount of study and research, and then it was neces sary to reduce into human interest stories that could be told in language understandable by a child the scientific facts so laboriously acquired. 8chools throughout the country, the 4-H Clubs, the Scout organizations and many smaller groups of outdoor inter est students have been using the ma terial in Miss Athey’s stories, and word has. been received that the book is to be formally accepted by the 4-H organi zation 'ome time next month. The ~ X)k has been edited by Edward A. Preble, associate editor of Nature Magazine, and illustrations in black and white by Benson B. Moore give an effec tive and artistic finish to the work. It Is quite certain that the successors in the promised dozen will be awaited with eagerness. Only a Truce. Prom the South Bend Tribune. Insanity is decreasing, according to an Uienlat. Wait till the next “share-the srealth” scheme gets going. Big Sneeze. Prom the Portland Oregonian. Portland is favored by the presence of t Chinese wrestler named Aehlu. The Dig sneeze, might it not be said? Expensive Innovations. PTom the Qrand Xaland (Nebr.) Independent. The chief cost of government is the nipport of necessary institutions that our lathers never heard about. Lectures. Prom the Paducah (Kr.) Sun-Democrat. Who has paid to hear a lecturer and hen gone away convinced we should lave free speech. Battleships. heat tbs San Antonio Bren las Newt. "Naval race is on again.” Everybody mild, buy, barrow or beg a battleship THIS AND THAT 1 MY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. I Usually they are the most beautiful two weeks In the year, that last week In May and that first week In June. Then everythin* Is at its floral best, with the peonies in bloom everywhere, and the trees and shrubs completely leafed out. It is well to realize the beauty of this period beforehand, so that it may be enjoyed with the mind as well as with the senses. “What is so rare as a day in June?" asked the poet. No doubt he meant days when the temperature was Just right and the humidity of the sort best suited to the human constitution. What a delicate thing is the skin, so sensitive to heat, so sensitive to cold! Yet within its protection the tempera ture of the blood and body tissues is kept almost unvarying. It is the epidermis which must meet the worlds winds and rains and colds and heats and ices and snows and frosts and humidity. The good job it does, ordinarily, is known to physicians best of all, but the layman can get some idea of it if he stops to think about it now and then. Every human economy is a law unto itself. No one else can feel for your own skin. It must meet its own problems in its own way. Therefore it is best to protect it with covering, if a slight chill tells of impending congestion. What is one person's meat is another’s poison, truly enough. One can sit in a draft and not suffer, another will receive a cold from the same exposure. Hard and fast rules cannot be drawn here. To sneer at the danger of drafts is merely to admit that one does not understand how different the same thing can be under different conditions. * * * * One of the chief beauties of the period comprised in the last week of May and the first of June usually lies in the very fine weather. Just how it will turn out this year is impossible to say. owing to the very capricious temperature changes which have prevailed. Those interested in the garden keep close track of such things. The state of the weather often means more to them than the state of the Nation. Even a bed of petunias is enough to set up this good state of mind. Then the cultivator becomes weather-wise, to the best of his ability. Surely this is wholesome. The genuine lack of interest in the weather is an unwise state of mind often found in pure city folk who have become weaned away from Nature. Weather is not something theoretical, mostly indicated by the predictions of the Weather Bureau, but the veritable state in which all living things exist. The fishes have their weather as surely as we, although normally temperature changes do not reach them as quickly. Hence it happens that they are not used to quick changes, in most cases, and show sickness at them in a very decided manner. That is why so many millions of goldfish die every year when they are thoughtlessly netted from water of one temperature to water of a distinctly different temperature. The birds in the air share our weather, but are better able to resist its vagaries, evidently. It has been shown that even the smallest bird has between 500 and I 1,000 feathers, according to the time of year. These not only help keep It warm In the cold, but Insulate It from too much heat In Summer. Feathers also ahed water, keeping the bird dry, even In drenching downpours. All a bird needs Is plenty of food to keep him warm. Of the hundreds of birds which came to our three feeding stations last Winter only one died. This was a spar row which evidently had almost suc cumbed from lack of food and hence cold before it had found the station. It had enough strength to fly down and begin to eat, but before the life processes could begin again it had frozen stiff. Its lack of movement called attention to It. The metabolism of birds proceeds at a rapid rate, and as long as sufficient food Is available few birds will suffer either from cold or heat. * * * * The same cannot be said of humans. While food plays a large part In health, plenty of It will not insure the average person from cold. Clothing is essential, and some artificial heat in Winter. In Summer the benefits of scanty clothing are obvious. It Is not generally realized how closely related are temperature and humidity, and how invariably the human frame finds certain ratios of the two most to its liking. In Nature this ratio is most often found in the period referred to above. Then, if ever, come perfect days, as the poet said. Probably the poets of the future will explain these matters better in their poems. Why not? There is no reason why poetry need be figuratively alone. The practical has its place, and the everyday has Its place. “What is so rare as a day in June? Then, if ever, come perfect days.” The Lowell of the future will elabo rate on that statement by telling his readers Just why one is likely to find early June days so "rare, so perfect. Air-conditioned poetry, it will be, re plete with hard facts, but at the same time holding fast to fancy. The “perfect day.” as a matter of fact, occurs when the temperature Is about 80 degrees and the relative humidity Is around 35. It must be understood that this pair of weather facts may occur any time during May or June, and every time it occurs many persons will declare, “Oh, isn't this a fine day!” Just how far these statistics may vary from the mean given and still give the same results depends entirely upon the individual. Thus there are certain insensitive per sons whose nervous organizations do not respond as quickly. They will not be able to feel the difference. But the thin-skinned person will, and will be able to detect almost to the degree the perfect day, simply by the way he reacts to it. It is a curious thing how this reaction Is always mental as well as physical. The perfect days tend to make even the sick feel better, the well feel best. There is Just one blot upon the horizon, and that is the Inevitable rain which seems to descend hereabouts in peony time, bearing the heavy blossoms to earth and breaking some of the stalks, unless these are carefully staked up beforehand. Wherefore, if you love peonies and the late May and early June garden, tie up the bushes beforehand. WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. «as«w»vuk vs vuuv/ vvai »vv ww ably packs more political dynamite than any of the smashing blows the Supreme Court has struck at the New Deal. The decision contains political possibilities not only because it comes on the thresh old of the presidential contest, but also on account of Mr. Roosevelt's appeal for passage of the law, irrespective of “doubts of its constitutionality, however reasonable." The constitutional issue latterly has been less conspicuous as a 1936 campaign factor. The Guffey act decision yanks it back into the picture in an up-to-date setting and may restore it to paramountcy. This will assuredly be the case if at any time before Novem ber F. D. R. Indicates his purpose, in the event of re-election, of seeking constitutional changes to clothe the Federal Government with powers which the Supreme Court has successively de nied it in the economic and social fields. At any rate, with a Supreme Court anti administration score of six to two. the G. O. P. is unlikely to refrain from indicting the New Deal for taking lib erties with the Constitution. * * * * Prospects of early adjournment of Congress are thrown into fresh dis array by the Supreme Court decision on the coal act and the Court of Appeals ruling on the Resettlement Administra tion. If, as Indicated, modified legisla tion will be offered to deal with the new situations confronting the bituminous coal industry and the Tugwell organi zation. nobody can predict, amid the still prevailing confusion over taxation and relief. Just when House and Senate will be able to fold up. Senator Robin son, wishfully thinking, fixed June f as quitting day. But that was before 4k. 4k.._ _I i _ .4.«4.wla*i I Ana this week. Once again it's anybody’s guess when the session will end. * * * * Herbert Hoover’s "I am not a can didate” is bound to leave people guessing almost as freely about his actual re ceptivity as Calvin Coolidge’s “I do not choose to run” left them in 1927. Wash ington opinion is by no means a unit in believing that the former President has definitely and absolutely withdrawn from the picture, except as an active aspirant. There is certainly nothing discernible in the Chicago statement that would prevent the convention from turning to him as a compromise choice or debar his acceptance of a proffered nomination. Cleveland will contain a goodly assortment of Hoover friends. In the event that Landon is stopped and a free-for-all ensues, the Cali fornian’s name, despite his declaration that he is not "a candidate,” is sure to be trotted out. * * * * O. O. P. leaders will restrain their emotions If the Democratic Congress enacts a tax bill imposing a 25 per cent increase in the normal income tax rate affecting thousands of persons in the lower brackets. Republicans have strong hopes of making gains in the next House of Representatives. They believe that if they are enabled to view with alarm an Income tax boost for which re sponsibility can be fastened on Roose velt supporters, it will be easier to de popularixe the idea of sending Demo crats back to Capitol Hill. Republicans would be suse to make campaign thun der out of the argument that higher income taxes were caused by New Deal extravagance. • * * * It’s aa interesting coincidence that at the very hour the Supreme Court was annihilating the Guffey coal act Repre - seatstlve w+mu»i B. Hill, Democrat, of waatatagua Mata Aorii have been bciui uu viio Board of Tax Appeals. It was in a letter to Mr. Hill last Summer, in his capacity as chairman of the subcommit tee of the Ways and Means Committee, that President Roosevelt urged passage of the coal bill, regardless of constitu tional misgivings. Representative Hill has long rated as the tax expert of the Ways and Means Committee, of which he is the ranking member. A native of Arkansas and former Superior Court judge in Washington State, he is completing his seventh successive term in the House. He was elected to the Seventy-third Congress in 1932 without opposition. * * * * Speculation is rife as to just what kind of a campaign the Democrats will stage if the man President Roosevelt has to beat turns out to be Gov. Landon. Once upon a time it was in the cards that there would be a vigorous effort, espe cially In the wet East, to assail Landon on his bone-dry past. Now that the Kansan has publicly accepted the de mise of national prohibition, the liquor Issue appears to be out. There have been hints of an intention to ‘ smear” the Governor because of his oil business background, despite his contention that, as an independent operator, he has always opposed the “interests” and is a foe of monopoly. Landon had to meet the oil issue in both of his guber natorial campaigns, so if he has to face a New Deal barrage on that score it will not be a new experience. The prob ability is that the Rooseveltians will try to shatter Landon's economy record. Some New Dealers have already pointed out that If it hadn’t been for agricul tural, relief and other Federal funds generously poured into Kansas, it would not have been possible for the “Topeka Coolidge” to make the budget-balancing reputation on which his presidential claims mainly rest. * * * * Commissioner Frank T. Bell of the Bureau of Fisheries, in the Department of Commerce, is chaperoning a party of distinguished officials to Alaska again this Summer. They will Include Sena tors Shipstead of Minnesota. Thomas of Oklahoma and Wheeler of Montana, Chairman March of the Federal Trade Commission and former Senator Dill of Washington State. Messrs. Thomas and Wheeler of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee want to look into some Redskin business farthest North and Chairman March has an F. T. C. job up there. Speaker Byrns and Representa tive Bland of Virginia, chairman of the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, have been invited to join the party, but have not yet arranged to make the trip, which will extend to the Pribtloff Islands seal-catching region and Into the Interior of Alaska as well as along the coast. Commis sioner Bell and his guests will leave Seattle June 35 aboard the Bureau of Fisheries steamer Brant. * * * * Following the Roosevelt landslide in 1932, Col. Theodore Roosevelt, then Oov ernor General of the Philippines, in an interview at Manila, described his rela tionship to the President-elect as that of *a fifth cousin about to be removed.” Speaking at Siuox Falls, 8. Dak., the other night, young Teddy reversed his English and referred to F. D. R. as “my fifth cousin about to be removed.” (OOPTTlgtlt. 1936.) Mutual Entertainment. fTM the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. Philadelphia is going to entertain visi tors to Democratic National Convention, but tba arrangement will be reciprocal. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Next to the Yankee Stadium, which park of the major leagues accommodates the most spectators?—N. C. A. Comiskey Park, in Chicago. The Yankee Stadium has a capacity of 69, 000; Comiskey Park, 55,000. Next is Boston Bees’ Field, with a capacity of 45,000. Q. What Is the name of the girl who trained the Jockey who rode Bold Ven ture?—F. H. A. Mary Hirsch trained Ira Hanford, who rode Bold Venture. She is the first woman to receive a trainer’s license from the Jockey Club. Q. Are Diesel engines used in any air planes or dirigibles?—L. K. H. A. The Diesel engines on the new /lixinikl. __4.1_m __a._ «•* BtV V41C lUOb VTCi installed on an airship. Q. When is the Spanish fiesta at Santa Barbara, Calif.?—M. L. R. A. On August 6. 7 and 8 the Old Spanish Days Fiesta will be held In that city. Q. Can Americans find work in South America more easily than at home? —E. A. A. The Pan-American Union has re ceived no recent requests for men from the United States to fill positions of any kind in Latin American countries. Most of them have enacted legislation restricting immigration and compelling companies (foreign as well as nativei operating within their confines to em ploy from 45 per cent to 90 per cent ' native workers on their pay rolls. Furthermore, should United States com panies operating in Latin America begin to add to their depleted field forces, preference will most likely be given to those men who were furloughed with out pay during the depression. vy. vyiiai, newspaper m me united States has the largest circulation?— E. L. H. A. The News, New York City, leads in newspaper circulation, with more than 1.600,000 diaily and 2,850,000 Sunday. Q. Does the age at which a boy begins to shave affect the rate at which his ' beard grows?—M. H. A. The Public Health Service says that it has no effect on the rate at which his beard grows, nor the character or quality of the hair. If a boy begins to shave at 13 he will simply have longer to shave. The common theory that this will increase the stiffness of the hair has no basis in fact. - I Q. Can a person’s handwriting be re produced by telegraph?—S. F. A. The telautograph transmits mes sages in the handwriting of the senders, but is little used. Q. Please name some plays in which the late Margaret Illington 'Mrs. Ed ward J. Bowes) appeared.—J. H. G. A. She created leading roles in “The Japanese Nightingale,” “The Two Or phans.” “Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots," “The Lion and the Mouse,” “His House In Order,” “The Thief.” “Until Eternity,” “The Whirlwind.” “The Encounter” and “Mrs. Maxwell’s Mistake.” She also starred in “Kindling,” “Within the Law,” “Our Little Wife” and played with John Drew in “The Gay Lord Quex.” Q. Do the railroads operate on Eastern standard time in Chicago?—C. M. A. Railroads are still operating in and out of Chicago on Central time. They have not yet had approval of change of time from the Interstate Commerce Commission. Chicago has adopted East ern standard time. , Q. Are Brahmins alwavs priests?— F. H. a. me orammn caste is me mgnest or priestly caste of the Hindus. All Brahmins, however, are not priests. They may enter other professions or occupations without losing caste. Q. Who is Antioch College’s new president?—S. McG. A. Algo Donmyer Henderson has been appointed to that office, succeedlne Arthur E. Morgan, who is chairman of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Q. When was the mansion at Arling ton built?—N. N. A. It was built in 1803 by George Washington Parke Custis, who inherited the property from his grandmother. Mrs. George Washington. It came to her from her first husband. Q. What would be the length of a piece of ground which is exactly square and contains 1 acre?—V. M. A. Each side will measure approxi mately 208.071 feet. * Q. When did Caesar "cross the Rubi con?”—^ S. A. In 49 B.C.. Caesar, at the head of a legion, crossed this river to march against Pompey. He defied the order of the Senate to disband his troops. T , Q. What is the new name of the city of Santo Domingo?—W. S. A. It has been renamed Ciudad Tru jmo m nonor oi tne president or tne republic. Q. How many cattle and sheep owners are grazing their animals on public • land?—C. K. A. More than 15,000 live stock men make use of some 80,000,000 acres of the public domain. Q. In what year was the durbar held for Queen Victoria?—M. D. A. In 1877, upon the proclamation of Victoria as Empress of India. One was held for Edward VII, in 1908, and one for George V, in 1911. Chronic. Prom the Elgin (III.) Courier-Newt. It is doubted if even writing treaties )n that non-tearable paper would cure ?nrAna'e ♦ owriKlo VtaUU African Phenomenon. From ths Los Antelts Times. Hailstones as large as coeoanuts fell unnoticed for some time In Africa, paes srsby assuming they were routine bombs. Swing Dancing. From the Indianapolis Star. The new “swing" movement in dancing nay be dangerous if some of the partici pants get careless about their elbows. Early Thumb Jerking. From the Roanoke Times. Judging from the title, “Three Men oa ' l Horse,” there was hitch-hiking before the day of the automobile.