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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D C. MONDAY_May 25, 1936 THEODORE W. NOYES.Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Business Office: lltn St and PennsylTtnlaAve New York Office. 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: Lake Michigan Building Euro Dean Office: 14 Regent St London England Rate by Carrier Within the City. Etc ruler Edition. The Evening Star_46c per month The Evening ano eunday Star _ . (wher 4 Sundays)__60c ner month The Evening and Sunday Star (when 6 Sundays)_-_85c per month , The Surds , star____Be ner CODS Night Final Edition Night Pinal and Sunday Star_?oc per month Night Final Star_56c per month Collection made at the end ol each month. Orders may be tent by mail or telephone Na tional 5000 Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia Daily ana Sunday_1 yr flo.oo: l mo. R5e pally only_1 yr. *6.00; 1 mo. 60e Sunday only_—..1 vr. *4 00; 1 mo. 40c All Other States and canaOa. Dally and Sunday_1 yr. $12 00; 1 mo. 51.00 Dally only_1 yr.., $8 00: 1 mo. 75e Sunday only_1 yr.. *5 00: 1 mo.. 50c Member ot tbe Associated Press. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in tht» paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of oubllcatlon of special dispatches herein are also reserved. Platform Suggestions. New York Republicans have come for ward with a suggested platform for the national campaign. It is terse and to the point. Its pledges are set forth in less than five hundred words—the kind of a platform than can be remembered. If adopted, and the G. O. P. elects a President, and a House of Represent atives, every effort should be made to carry it out. The platform brought forward by the New Yorkers is the work of a joint Executive Committee of five Republican organizations and may be assumed to reflect the views of the great mass of Republicans in the Empire Stafe. It differs fundamentally from the Roose velt New Deal, but it is not reactionary. It promises aid to the unemployed and destitute. It pledges the party to advance the interests of labor and to provide an "honest and workable plan” for old-age pensions. It demands that child labor and sweat shop labor be barred. It pledges the farmer assistance. It would seek to keep Government expenditures and revenues within speaking distance. The suggested Republican platform, however, would remove relief from the hands of partisan political agencies. It would encourage business and not dis courage it, so that there might be real and permanent re-employment of labor. It would restore to the States certain duties and powers which have been assumed by the Federal Government, under the New Deal. It would provide a sound currency, convertible into gold, with the gold content fixed by Congress and not subject to change by the Execu tive. It would put an end to the New Deal "economy of scarcity” and halt the rpst.rietions on nroduction. The pledges dealing with agriculture must necessarily be of interest, for it Is to the farm States that the Repub lican party is looking with the hope of victory this year. The pledges specifi cally are: "Removal of all restriction on agricultural production; restoration of the domestic market to the American farmer, and Government aid in the marketing of farm surpluses.” If these objectives could be obtained for the American farmer his problem would be solved, to a very large degree. There Is no promise to make every farmer in the Nation a success. Only God could do that. Nor is there a promise to give him, out of the Federal Treasury, all he needs or desires. When the Republican platform is writ ten, doubtless it will attempt to be more specific in dealing with the farm ques tion. It may undertake to say what steps shall be taken by the Government to aid in the marketing of farm sur pluses, and what shall be done to re store to American farmers the domestic market, which is being turned over more and more to foreign producers because of the policy of restrictive agricultural production adopted by the New Dealers and because of the reciprocal trade agreements entered into by the Presi dent with foreign nations. A Government of the United States pledged to carry on along the lines laid dowm in this New York platform would be a contrast to the Roosevelt New Deal. Millions of Americans would wel come the exchange. » \ Only a clever statistician could disclose how much campaign revenue might be acquired if a stump speaker would punc tuate his radio remarks with laudatory references to coffee or cigarettes. Mr. Baldwin's Woes. In the midst of trials and tribulations Incidental to attempts to rehabilitate Britain's international prestige, so deeply shattered by Italy’s conquest of Ethiopia, Prime Minister Baldwin finds the posi tion of his government suddenly shaken and imperilled by the scandal resultant from the recent budget leakage. J. H. Thomas, veteran Labor leader, has tendered his resignation as colonial aecretary in consequence of revelations that close friends of his speculated profitably in insurance against the recent rise in income tax rates. It was dis closed that they had been ’’tipped’’ in advance of the increase and that the Information came indirectly from the colonial secretary. The jovial Derby shlreman, whose career in British politics is a Horatio Alger story in real life, denied that he had divulged the secret, but, without waiting for a tribunal of Inquiry to report, he decided to relieve the government of embarrassment and gave up his post. "You have acted as I would have done in your place,” the prime minister said, In accepting Mr. Thomas* resignation. That closes the incident as far as "Honest Jim” is concerned, unless he determines to retire from public life altogether by also relinquishing the House of Commons seat he has held for twenty-seven years. But Mr. Baldwin’s (rouUeg an not at end. Opinion is V. "T.—.■/ widespread that the Thomas affair, coming on the heels of the gross mis management of the Ethiopian business, including League ineptitude in dealing with Mussolini, has almost fatally un dermined the so-called "National” gov ernment dominated by the prime min ister and his topheavy Conservative majority. He may essay to bolster the ministry by putting a Liberal or another Laborite in Thomas’ place, but following the Hoare-Laval fiasco in the Italo Ethiopian conflict and the humiliating development that British military, naval and air power was insufficient to warrant a firm attitude toward Fascist aggres sion, the cabinet’s situation is palpably precarious. It is weakened still further by the chagrin of the strong pacifist pro League groups over Britain's failure to preserve Geneva from the supreme debacle in its history. Mr. Baldwin, by devices for which John Bull is famous, may muddle through this latest crisis. Britons are jealous of their government's reputation alike for probity and efficiency. The Tory regime has the votes to ward off a motion of lack of confidence in the House of Commons and may contrive to placate the Labor and Liberal foes who are thirsty for its blood, but it will be a Baldwin government gravely sapped of public confidence that will carry on at one of the most critical junctures of contemporary European history. Secret Terrorism. An amazing development in Michigan reveals the existence in that State of a widespread organization of terrorism under the cloak of secrecy, reminiscent of the Ku Klux Klan of evil memory. A State-wide hunt for members has been instituted, seventeen men having been already arrested and held in close confinement. Prom them it has been learned that the organization, best known at present as the "Black Legion,” has spread through the State until it is estimated that more than 100,000 have been enrolled. A semi-military form has been adopted, with uniforms, masks and symbols of rank, and also with a veritable arsenal of arms. Evidence ap pears likewise of a national organiza tion, with the country marked off into divisions, each with its chief officer. A raid upon the home of the suspected commander in chief has brought to light documents that indicate that the fear of death was held over all members as a penalty for the disclosure of the 'secret purposes and practices of the order. The Michigan membership is estimated at possibly 135,000, with no computation of that in other States. In Michigan alone, it is believed, the order is responsible for no less than fifty deaths. A copy of the application blank for membership indicates that a re ligious motive is advanced as one of the purposes of the order. Just as in the case of the Ku Klux Klan of recent history, the promoters of the order appear to have conducted a profitable business in the supply of the robes and insignia of the society. The robe is priced at seven dollars and is believed to cost about $1.25. A black mask completes the outfit, save that each member is required to arm himself as quickly as possible after initiation with a revolver or a shotgun. The in signia of membership is a brass cart ridge, the bestowal of which is accom panied by a warning that a similar bul let is ready for him if he betrays the secrets of the order. While the present activities of search and arrest are being conducted by the Michigan State police, the evident inter state character of the organization im plies that the Federal authority may be invoked, to trace the ramifications of this dangerous enterprise. That there is a political aspect to the scheme Is indicated by fragmentary disclosures in the course of the examination of those already in custody, members apparently being pledged to prevent as far as pos sible the election or appointment to of fice or position of those of certain re ligious affiliations. In the light of the atrocious record of its predecessor in the field of secret or ganization of terrorism it is plainly evi dent that this scheme of coercion and private punishment must be attacked upon the broad front and as quickly as possible ended with the identification and punishment of those who have pro moted it. Such crusades of murder are wholly un-American in inception, pur pose and measures and must be checked. Lotteries and horse races are undoubt edly bad for public morals. Yet it is hard to regard the legislator who is willing to risk his hopes of future salva- ‘ tion for the sake of entertaining his local public as a martyr to the will of the people. There are moment* when the non mathematical mind must regard the conversation* of Mr. Ickes and Mr. Hopkins a* a spirited contest between two lightning calculators. A jurist has to consider many thing* requiring mature observation and prac ticed discernment. Even problems in expert bookkeeping may come to the attention of the court. Planning for Vacation. Two young women, riding from one of the suburbs to work downtown thi* morning, were overheard in conversa tion about vacation. “I bought a book about Maine the other day,” said one. "8omehow I like to know about any place to which I am going.” The other promptly and enthusiastically agreed: “I do, too. I always read all the holiday guides, even the advertisement*.” ' Certainly, it will be six or eight weeks before vacation time will come for most Washingtonians. But there is a curious pleasure as well as much practical effi ciency in planning ahead intelligently. Dreams often are more engaging than the realities about which they center. More commonly, perhaps, they sharpen the anticipation helpfully. People, It seems, are apt to find a good deal of what they expect. Niagara Palls, for avampla still to hoceyaocc couples who have visioned its magnifi cence in advance of actual experience with it. Psychologists probably can explain the difference. The individual who hopes for nothing doubtless is not dis appointed. On the other band, those who prepare with ardent delight must not invariably be disillusioned. Long ago it was said cryptically but not un truly that those who would bring back the wealth of the Indies must carry the wealth of the Indies with them in their travels. A like observation might be made with regard to less lengthy and arduous Journeys. Vacation, obviously, signifies variety. The world looks forward adventurously to such periodic interruptions of routine, but the wise expedient Is to “get ready” at leisure. Panic haste at the last moment may spoil everything. The young woman with her book about Maine is a character worthy of emula tion in more respects than one. To paraphrase President Rooaevelt, she should have a grand holiday because she “has planned it that way." There are bright minds in the United States Supreme Court that would be capable of infinite wit if the challenges of Irresponsible levity could be accepted on equal terms. No nation has been guided safely on its course by means of repartee, which has no more to do with laws than Fourth of July fireworks have to do with patriotism. Many French citizens are supposed to believe that obligations to America have been formally satisfied on terms of mutual dignity. The French are clever and often wise but they have had their wizards of finance. Even Monte Carlo gets cheated now and then. Efforts to be comic at the expense of the United States Supreme Court defeat themselves. Amateur comedians have an unerring instinct for remind ing a friend when he is unfunny. The scholarly influence of California is admittedly great, though not yet having gone far enough to prevent a few radio men from pronouncing Los Angeles as if it were spelled with a j. Every time Farley makes a radio speech the public rejoices in his econ omy, recalling how much more it would cost to put the same material in a cir cular and send it by mail. Discovery of minor graft never causes great surprise. Glory is sought by better types of mankind, but “something for nothing* still remains the goal of the mediocre mind. New Jersey has assumed such a degree of prominence in political affairs that many people are beginning to regard famous old Manhattan as something of a suburban appendage. In spite of Democratic assurances that a Republican presidential nomination can amount to nothing, a number of fighting Republicans regard it as well worth having. Shooting Stars. FT PHILANDER JOHNSON. Endurance. Events had put the farmer In a some what mournful mood. A mocking bird with melody had ven tured to intrude. The farmer said, "Thia world is full of darkness and of doubt! I'd like to know, you silly bird, what you are singin’ bout!” The flowers smiled at him when he was plowing in the field. He looked upon them all with a disfavor unconcealed. He pushed a tractor over them and quickly laid ’em out, And said, "I'd like to know what you had found to smile about.” | And yet he heard the mocking bird. Twas singing just the same. He found the flowers blooming in the cottage window frame. NO matter how the shadows fall, Hope is forever strong, And there's nothing so enduring as the smiling and the song. A Bit of Boosting. “You don’t refer to the idle rich any more.” ‘They are not so numerous,” replied Senator Sorghum. "Nobody gets busier than some of the representatives of opulence every time I start an Investi gation.” OM Familiar Melodies. “Don’t you love the old familiar melo dies?" "I'm growing tired of them,” answered Miss Cayenne. "I cant help wishing more of the radio composers would do something original.” The Big Idea. Even when folks have plodded through A patient education, Some little words are always due For mispronunciation. They do not mar the eloquence In various directions For those who look for common sense And not for imperfections. Jud Tunkins says you can’t judge by the big noise. A piano tuner is louder and longer than a regular performer. “Wealth," said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "is the golden key to youth’s Castle of Dreams, where too often abide sad memory specters.” Needed Relief. Each Sunday brings us peace of mind To cheer life's hard endeavor Azrd with each passing week we And 1 We need more prayers than ever. — "I used to be told," said Uncle Eben, “I needn't believe all I hears. At pres ent I cant expect no such luck. De 1 Mo4alwHDpi^ciiKoqj0 THE POLITICAL MILL BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. The Republicans keep hammering at the alleged political activities of the W. P. A. They are keeping away, for the most part, from attacks upon relief. The political activities of the W. P. A. workers are something else. This is the kind of thing. If it once sinks definitely Into the consciousness of the voters generally, that may have a decided effect on the coming national election. Sporadic attempts to have these charges of polit ical activity thoroughly Investigated and aired have been made. But nothing has come of them, except whitewashing re ports made by the W. P. A. itself and its head. Harry L. Hopkins. The latest attack of this kind comes from the Republican national committee man for Missouri, Arthur M. Curtis. Curtis, who is here as an assistant to Chairman Henry P. Fletcher of the G. O. P. National Committee, embodied his charges in a letter to Mr. Hopkins, and asked what Hopkins Intended doing, If anything, about them. * * > * Missouri has one of the strongest, in a way. Democratic organizations in the country, located In Kansas City. It is ruled over by Boss "Tom" Pendergast. It has functioned 100 per cent in the past. What it will do, aided and abetted by the W. P. A. workers in the State, will probably be a plenty. For, according to Mr. Curtis, the Pendergast organization has complete control of the W. P. A. and all Its relief work throughout the State. pointing out tnat they had come to him voluntarily and without pressure of any kind, Mr. Curtis cited letter after letter showing the loss of jobs by W. P. A. workers for refusing to register .or vote Democratic, expressing a preference for Republican automobiles to carry them to the polls, declining to contribute to Democratic campaign funds or to join Democratic clubs, defending the fact of having voted Republican in the past, resisting attempts to let Democrats mark their ballots in violation of the election laws, or merely voicing indignation of these abuses and attempted coercions. * * * * There is always the chance that such charges as those made by Mr. Curtis may eventually come before the Senate Campaign Expenditures Committee, whose chairman is Senator Lonergan of Connecticut, Democrat. This committee so far has been dormant. It was set up, as usual every campaign year, to ferret out heavy and excessive expenditures of money in elections for the Senate and for President and Vice President. The Democratic high command has fre quently charged that the Republicans would have an enormous slush fund this year to use against the re-election of the New Deal President. The Republicans were able to get into the resolution cre ating the investigating committee, how ever, a proviso that the use of Govern ment funds for political purposes, when charged, should also be investigated. * * * * The political activities of W. P. A., as locally administered, may be of very considerable effect in the elections for the Senate and House, the Republicans Insist, if it is not checked or at least made clearly known to the great mass of voters. Mr. Hopkins has again and again declared the Federal administration of W. P. A. was free of politics and deter minedly opposed to political activity. There have been cases where the Federal administrator has fallen out quite vio lently with some of the local politicians over the administration of relief and relief works. One was in Maine, where Gov. Brann. Democratic chief executive of the State, was dominating the situa tion. Despite Mr. Hopkins’ feelings in the matter, and those of other New Dealers, including Representative Moran, the Democratic high command felt that it was entirely necessary to have Brann on the party ticket again this year, and is backing him heartily for United States Senator against Wallace H. White. Republican, who comes up for re-election this year. * * * * Senator White is a good Senator. It is widely admitted by his colleagues and his constituents—even by the Democrats. He is a hard-working, constructive legis lator. He makes it his business to know thoroughly all the facts connected with important legislation. About certain subjects he is a recognized authority, particularly the merchant marine, fish eries and radio. He has given a great deal of study to the shipping question and to the bills which have been put forward at this session of Congress by Senator Copeland of New York, chair man of tlje Commerce Committee, and by Senator Guffey of Pennsylvania. In the past he took a prominent part in the drafting and consideration of the merchant marine act of 1928 and earlier acts dealing with shipping, the uniform bill of lading act, an act authorizing a five-year construction program for the Bureau of Fisheries, ar.d acts for the conservation and control of fisheries. He also had *his part in framing the radio act of 1927 which later was em bodied without great change in the communications act of 1934. ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ A specialist in these fields. Senator White's continuance in the Senate seems a wise thing for his constituents. Maine is vitally interested in shipping and fisheries. It would be particularly unfortunate if the political activities of relief workers and the W. P. A. should prove effective in defeating him this year. The Maine election lor Governor and Senator and members of the House takes place in* September, almost two months before the the general election in other States. Both Republicans and Democrats will be engaged in a drive of unusual proportions this year to carry the Pine Tree 8tate, for the psychological effect. * * * * Down in West Virginia the United Mine Workers made their play recently for control of the State government through the nomination on the Demo cratic ticket of the organisation's own candidate, L. R. Via. If Van A. Bittner, the mine workers’ head, had succeeded in having Via nominated and elected Governor, the grip of the union on the State would have been complete. As it happened, however, Via was defeated in a field of four. The other three candidates divided the anti-Via strength, and yet one of them, Homer A. Holt, won. Bittner claimed that he was able to swing 100,000 votes of the mine work ers, as he saw fit. It looks as though his claim was exaggerated. The primary was considerable of a setback for Bittner and his organization. Senator Neely of West Virginia, Demo crat, has been renominated notwith standing the fight which the youthful Senator ttush D. Holt made against him. Neely’s victory was expected. However, Senator Holt got some satisfaction out of the primary. For Neely was hooked up with Bittner in his effort to nominate Via for Governor. Also. Holt brought out into the open a considerable number of anti-Neely Democrats. Bolt, a Demo crat, launched in the Senate and in West Virginia a vigorous act on the W. P. A., charging that It was adminis tered entirely for the benefit oSmachine Ipotitfcg. ,!*. I THIS AND THAT | . BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. “GEORGETOWN. “Dear Sir: I’ve wanted to write you for a long time and tell you how much I've always enjoyed your columns In The Star, especially when the subjects were birds and flowers. “I am writing to ask if you will be good enough to tell me what flowers I could plant along two sides of a driveway about 40 feet long. What can I plant that will grow and bloom each year? Besides peonies and tulips? Also, do you know of a fast-growing vine I could plant over an arbor? “I would greatly appreciate a reply when you And It convenient. Thanking you, P. L. M. "P. 8.—I realize you are not in the gardening business and are not sup posed to answer personal letters of the kind, but the truth is I trust your Judg ment In this more than I could trust any one el*. I mean simply—I know you know about such things even better than some experts whose articles I've read.” sees Letters such as this open up vistas of gardens. They take us right In amid growing things of the earth and present us with the pleasant problems of the back yard. Only in this case it probably is a side yard, but it doesn’t make much differ ence, for the problem of plant selection is always interesting, wherevef found. If we had a forty-foot driveway and wanted something nice on each side of it. we believe we would use German (bearded) iris and tawny daylilles. The daylilies, being taller, could be placed In the center of the long beds and the Iris on either side. If a third and lower plant were desired. Phlox subulata, which comes in several colors, could be used as an edging. Dwarf ageratum (an annual) might be used, but does not meet our correspondent's requirements. * * * * If one side of the driveway runs close to the house, as is often the case, the daylilies should go on the inside, or house side, then the iris and then the phlox. These are all perennials. The leaves of the iris should be cut off in the Pall, preferably, but can be left on and will look good all Winter unless the latter is severe. It is best to cut back the tops of the daylilies after frost injures the leaves, but it is not absolutely essential. Iris leaves will get yellow in Autumn if severe frosts visit them, so it is usually best to trim them back to within a few inches of the ground and apply lime or bonemeal. These help daylilies, too. Use no manure on this border. The tawny davllly 'hemerocallisi blooms in July, so the border will not be flowerless after the grand splash of the German iris. The little phloxes are an early Spring bloomer. We believe this border will do as well as most, consider ing its limited number of varieties. * * * * Clematis paniculata is a nice vine for an arbor in almost any situation. Among the rose vines the Dr. Van Fleet climber still is one of the very' best. Its only drawback is its luxurious growth! Usually this bunches on the top of an arbor, where it is difficult to thin it out or to spray for the inevitable aphids which get on the plant in June. Aside from these slight difficulties the Dr. Van Fleet Is one of the very’ best climber selections. Surely it is a grand old rose, not only for leaf and flower, but also for hardiness and general all-around health and satisfaction. One must be patient with vines. Many of them, though heralded as "quick growing” and sturdy, are far from it in actual practice. There is a great dif ference between theory and practice, as every one knows. t What our correspondent means above in declaring that "I know you know about such things even better than some experts," is simply this: That practical observation as well as theory has been Included in these articles since their Inception, thirteen years ago. For instance, when all the aquarium magazines were singing the praises of ! "old water,” water which Is not changed, in aquarium management, this column dared to say that this idea was in error, that the addition of fresh tempered water, even to the tropical aquarium, was far better. Today the magazines agree. Five years ago one feeding per day for exotic fishes In the small tank was held sufficient, but this one meal did not strike this observer as enough, and he said so. Today the “experts” have come around and are advocating several small meals a day rather than just one large one. The trouble with theoretical observers la that they rely too much on the books, which, in their turn, carry statements handed down from one to another, with out any variation in the long line. If the honest observer, who sees what he sees, dares get up at a meeting and i say whaj he has seen the chances are that he will be howled down by some one who has "read the books ' and doesn't dare to observe for himself, or who will not admit he can be right, even if he does observe. Thus, if you hear a wood thrush sing ing while running along the ground, dare to admit the evidence of your own ears. Do not let some one outface you by the blanket statement that "no bird sings on the ground.” Some do! If you find the thrush the friendliest of birds, coming to within two feet of you while watering the lawn, or within a few Inches of getting his tail cut off by the lawn mower, do not hesitate to say so to your friends. If their thrushes are not so friendly they are missing some thing. This writer knows a thrush that hops into a garage every chance it gets. It will not do. however, to infer that because one sees several thrushes sing ing while on the ground that all thrushes invariably so do. Nature observation is scientific, and must proceed along those lines, even to the humblest back yard. It is better to pin the observations down to the given cases and let it go at that. * * * * There is a great deal of pure hokum written about plants, probably mare bo j than about anything except tropical fishes. Some of the most glaring errors | are made by those writers who have had no personal experience with the things they are writing about. Often they are not to be blamed for this. Their very ignorance, however, prevents them from catching their own mistakes. If you have never actually seen the Siamese fighting fish build a “bubble nest” in an aquarium it is very easy to confuse it with an angel fish, which lays its eggs on the blades of saggitaria. But you can't confuse it if you have seen both. Any one interested in perennial plants 1 and vines can find huge lists, but ex perience will teach him that all that glitters is not necessarily the gold of the salesman’s representations. The latter is not to be blamed, particularly; he is giving the generally accepted opinion. There may be exceptions. | Actually vines are difficult plants, no matter what one says. They have a nasty habit of dying out when least ex pected. or failing to come up at all. Most of them, with the exception of the climbing roses, leaf out rather late. Yet no growing thing is more familiar to the heart and soul of humanity than a vine. Poetry and legend are entwined with its leaves and runners. Let us have vines by all means, even if they are messy in practice. I WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS I BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. President Roosevelt's expedition Into the Southwest during Republican Na tional Convention week will produce a lively competition between him and the big Cleveland show for the front page and the favor of radio listeners. There is of course, no White House admission that F. D. R. timed his trip so as to blanket the G. O. P. proceedings, but it is likely to be a counter attraction of the first magnitude. That will certainly be the case if the President seizes the opportunity of his speeches in Arkansas and Texas as an occasion for major Democratic campaign pronouncements. The circumstances that he expects to deliver his principal address at Dallas on Friday, June 12—probable date of final nomination action at Cleveland— is interpreted by Washington politicians as prima facie evidence that New Dealer No. 1, master politician that he is. plans at least to share the limelight with Cleveland, if not to steal the show alto gether. * * * * Whatever the final result of the House investigation of the Townsend plan contempt proceedings, or otherwise— Capitol Hill inclines strongly to the be lief that enough has already been brought to light regarding the old-age pension dream to strip it of any menace as a 1936 political factor. It is every body's secret that many members of Congress up for re-election feared Townsendite opposition in November. Now that the plan has been divested of a good deai of its idealism and glamour, fear of its potency as a campaign issue has diminished almost to the vanishing point. It is intimated that there will be no old-age pension third party move ment this year, but that such a scheme will be revived "in earnest” after the November elections. So, while Senators and Representatives are breathing more easily as far as the immediate future is concerned, it looks as if Townsendlsm would bob up in the sweet bye-and bye, to torment them all over again. w * * * If* been said that you can prove almost anything by statistics, political and otherwise. At any rate, one mathe matically minded and optimistic Repub lican has just figured out that it will take only 3330.00# disaffected Demo cratic voters to bring about Republican presidential victory this year. He arrives at that conclusion on the basis of the 22,821357 votes cast for Roosevelt in 1832 and the 15,761,841 which Hoover received. The G. O. P. statistician seems confident that at least 3330,00# people “have changed their minds since 1932.” Plus Republicans who will not vote Democratic this year, he thinks such a switch would make G. O. P. victory a foregone conclusion. * * * * In a new book entitled “Life Insurance —A Critical Examination,” Prof. Edward Berman, economist of the University of Illinois, indicates that Charles Evans Hughes' famous exposure of conditions in the life insurance Industry in New York in 1901 largely inspired Louis D. Brandeis to Interest himself in bringing about life insurance reforms in Massa chusetts. Mr. Hughes’ m:tivities resulted i * » new coda « fcsa la Mei York State. Through Mr. Brandeis’ subsequent efforts, similar protective statutes, as well as a law establishing a savings bank life insurance system, were enacted in the Bay State. The trail blazer became Chif Justice of the United States in 1930. presiding over the court to which Justice Brandeis had come in 1916. * * * * Wendell L. Willkie, prominent South ern utility magnate, hinted in a recent report to his stockholders that new efforts to obtain modification of the T. V. A., or to^test it in the courts, may be made next" year. So far, he points out. Federal power projects in the Ten nessee Valley are not beyond the stage of construction, so that no substantial amount of operating territory has been lost by private companies, or any mate rial amount of competing power sold by the Government. ••Competition will come next year and in the succeeding years,” Mr. Willkie says, "unless re strained by legislation or court decision.” The competition threat, he added, has greatly depredated security values of private companies in the affected area. * * * * At last the "thrifty Scotchman" legend ha* reached the United States Supreme Court. Recently the Government was asserting the right to tax as part of the estate of one Dr. McFarlan certain prop erty which not long before his death he had transferred to a trust, of which his children were beneficiaries. Assistant Attorney General Robert H. Jackson had argued that this gift was really a distri bution of Dr. McFarlan’s estate In expec tation of death and therefore was taxable. As indicating the probability that expectation of death was one of the motives for the gift, he pointed to Dr. McFarlan’s age. which was 78. Mr. Jus tice McReynolds, who had been thumb ing through the record, observed: "Well, but didn't the court below find that this man was a hearty Scotchman?” Mr. Jackson replied: "Yes, you honor, that’s one of the reasons the Government is so certain this gift was made only because of the expectation of death.” Robert Peet Skinner, lately dean of the United States Foreign Service, has ar rived in Washington to take formal leave of the State Department after roundly 40 consecutive years of duty abroad. He recently retired from the ambassadorship to Turkey, Ifter having been stationed successively at blue ribbon consular posts in France. Germany and Great Britain, followed by diplomatic missions in Greece and Latvia. Mr. Skinner was a young newspaper editor at Massillon, (Milo, when President McKinley ap pointed him consul at Marseille in 1897. In 1903 he was sent to Ethiopia to negotiate our first commercial treaty with the late Emperor Menellk. Although In 1930 Mi. Skinner had already reached the retirement age, he was retained on active duty by executive order of Presi dent Hoover for a period expiring in February, ISM. Ambassador Skinner was long prominent in the movement which led to the enactment of the Rogers law, whereby Uncle Sam's foreign serv ice was put on a career basis. (OstrrlfM, M*> ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIX. A reader can get the answer to any question of loot by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp lor reply. Q. Is the great pacer, Single G, still living?—P S. A Single G, has just celebrated his twenty-sixth birthday anniversary and is still owned by William Barefoot of Cambridge City, Ind, who accepted the colt's mother just before he was foaled in payment of a grocery bill. Q. What is the name of the island that grows all the palm seed?—P. C. A. Lord Howe Island, situated 360 miles off the coast of Australia, has developed a unique trade in seeds from the Howea palms. The demand is so great that the income derived from the sale of the seeds maintains the entire population. Q. How much food does John D. Rockefeller eat in a day?—M. R. A. A biography says that the food he consumes in a day probably is the equiv alent of not more than two or three medium sized sandwiches. Q. What is a shop “right?—W. K A. It is the right to use an invention, which is automatically created on be half of the owner of the shop, when the invention is developed in such shop by an employe, who uses the time and equipment of the shop for producing the invention. Such shop rights are non assignable and apply alone to inven tions pertaining to the employer's busi ness. Q. What is a dekaliter?—M L. M. A. It is a metric unit of capacity equal to 10 liters or about .9 United States peck. Q. Please give a list of some writers who have popularized slang —L. H. M. A. H. L. Mencken in the American Language mentions the late Ring Lard ner as the most accurate reporter of United States common speech. As ex perts in the use of slang he lists: Tad Dorgan. Sime Silverman. Gene Buck, Damon Runyon. Walter Winchell. Bugs Baer. George Ade. Gelett Burgess. James Gleason, Rube Goldberg and Milt Gross. Q When did men cease to powder their hair in this country?—R M W A. The use of powder for the hair actually went out of fashion in 1794, but some people continued to use it until as late as 1810. Doctors still clung to wigs as late as 1819. but they went out of fashion about 1805. Q. What is the epitaph on the tomb of Sir Christopher Wren?—F. W. M. A. The famous architect is buried under the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, with this fitting epitaph in Latin: "Reader, if you seek his monu ment, look about you.” Q. How are the rules formulated that govern etiquette?—F. M. G. A. In general, common sense and kindly feeling may be said to motivate one's conduct in society. Certain au thorities have outlined rules for social procedure that are generally observed. So many questions on this subject come into the bureau that several hundred of them have been compiled in a booklet under 20 headings. The name of this publication is "Modem Manners.” and it will be sent to any one who sends his name and address, with 10 cent:, to Frederic J. Haskin, Washington D. C Q. How many times was Lucrezia Bor gia married?—E. R. M. A. Her father compelled her twice to mlrriage and divorce before she be came the wife of the Duke of Bisceglic After her third husband had been mur dered by Cesare Borgia, she married A. fonso of Este. and passed the rest of her life in the Court of Ferrara, culti vating literature and art. Q. Who said that happiness is the art of being well deceived?—H. R. M. A. This was Swift's satiric definition. Q. Please give some information about early strikes in this country—S. G A. The first, recorded strike in Amer ica took place in 1741. when New York bakers quit work as a protest against a municipal ordinance regulating the price of bread. The earliest known strike for higher wages took place in 1786. when the Philadelphia printers ceased work as a means of enforcing their demand for a minimum weekly wage of $6 The first organized strike in America took place in 1799. when the shoemakers belonging to the Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers, were compelled to lay down their tools in order to aid the bootmakers who were seeking an increase in wages. Q. What was the real name of Nellie Bly. who made the famous trip around the world?—A. C. A. Her real name was Elizabeth Coch rane. She made her famous trip around the world as a representative of the New York World in 1889. Her object was to show that Jules Verne's romance, “Around the World in Eighty Days." was not an exaggeration. She began her trip November 14. 1889. and completed it January 25, 1890, in 72 days • hours 11 minutes and 14 seconds. Q. Do wedding presents belong to both the bride and groom?—P. P. A. Wedding presents are all sent to the bride, and are. according to law, her personal property. Helping the Druggist*. From the Charlotte Observer. Florida truckers are reported to be starting a movement for the production of more and better cucumbers. This obviously is a secret maneuver on the part of the manufacturers of bicar bonate of soda. Having a Good Time. From the Pittsburg)] Pot-Gazette. Our guess at the person who is getting most fun out of politics these days would be Col. Breckinridge. In the various State primaries he has nothing to lose, and there’s a kick in every ballot he lands. Co-operative Apple Tree. Prom the Sioux Fxllx <8. Dele.) Arsux-Lxxdrr An Illinois man has an apple tree that yields only on one side each year. It seems to be the answer to an A. A. A. administrator's dream. A Rhyme at Twilight By Gertrude Brooke Hamilton Transfusion. I love you. dear. That you are near Even in spirit routs all sense of fear. When hot tears start, with stinging smi I lean upon your courage, valiant hei And peace divine, hard to define, Plo\M| from your buoyant nature f jalna.