THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D C.
MONDAY_May 25, 1936
THEODORE W. NOYES.Editor
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herein are also reserved.
New York Republicans have come for
ward with a suggested platform for the
national campaign. It is terse and to
the point. Its pledges are set forth in
less than five hundred words—the kind
of a platform than can be remembered.
If adopted, and the G. O. P. elects a
President, and a House of Represent
atives, every effort should be made to
carry it out.
The platform brought forward by the
New Yorkers is the work of a joint
Executive Committee of five Republican
organizations and may be assumed to
reflect the views of the great mass of
Republicans in the Empire Stafe. It
differs fundamentally from the Roose
velt New Deal, but it is not reactionary.
It promises aid to the unemployed and
destitute. It pledges the party to advance
the interests of labor and to provide an
"honest and workable plan” for old-age
pensions. It demands that child labor
and sweat shop labor be barred. It
pledges the farmer assistance. It would
seek to keep Government expenditures
and revenues within speaking distance.
The suggested Republican platform,
however, would remove relief from the
hands of partisan political agencies. It
would encourage business and not dis
courage it, so that there might be real
and permanent re-employment of labor.
It would restore to the States certain
duties and powers which have been
assumed by the Federal Government,
under the New Deal. It would provide
a sound currency, convertible into gold,
with the gold content fixed by Congress
and not subject to change by the Execu
tive. It would put an end to the New
Deal "economy of scarcity” and halt the
rpst.rietions on nroduction.
The pledges dealing with agriculture
must necessarily be of interest, for it
Is to the farm States that the Repub
lican party is looking with the hope of
victory this year. The pledges specifi
cally are: "Removal of all restriction on
agricultural production; restoration of
the domestic market to the American
farmer, and Government aid in the
marketing of farm surpluses.” If these
objectives could be obtained for the
American farmer his problem would be
solved, to a very large degree. There Is
no promise to make every farmer in
the Nation a success. Only God could
do that. Nor is there a promise to give
him, out of the Federal Treasury, all he
needs or desires.
When the Republican platform is writ
ten, doubtless it will attempt to be more
specific in dealing with the farm ques
tion. It may undertake to say what
steps shall be taken by the Government
to aid in the marketing of farm sur
pluses, and what shall be done to re
store to American farmers the domestic
market, which is being turned over more
and more to foreign producers because
of the policy of restrictive agricultural
production adopted by the New Dealers
and because of the reciprocal trade
agreements entered into by the Presi
dent with foreign nations.
A Government of the United States
pledged to carry on along the lines laid
dowm in this New York platform would
be a contrast to the Roosevelt New
Deal. Millions of Americans would wel
come the exchange.
Only a clever statistician could disclose
how much campaign revenue might be
acquired if a stump speaker would punc
tuate his radio remarks with laudatory
references to coffee or cigarettes.
Mr. Baldwin's Woes.
In the midst of trials and tribulations
Incidental to attempts to rehabilitate
Britain's international prestige, so deeply
shattered by Italy’s conquest of Ethiopia,
Prime Minister Baldwin finds the posi
tion of his government suddenly shaken
and imperilled by the scandal resultant
from the recent budget leakage. J. H.
Thomas, veteran Labor leader, has
tendered his resignation as colonial
aecretary in consequence of revelations
that close friends of his speculated
profitably in insurance against the recent
rise in income tax rates. It was dis
closed that they had been ’’tipped’’ in
advance of the increase and that the
Information came indirectly from the
colonial secretary. The jovial Derby
shlreman, whose career in British politics
is a Horatio Alger story in real life,
denied that he had divulged the secret,
but, without waiting for a tribunal of
Inquiry to report, he decided to relieve
the government of embarrassment and
gave up his post. "You have acted as I
would have done in your place,” the
prime minister said, In accepting Mr.
That closes the incident as far as
"Honest Jim” is concerned, unless he
determines to retire from public life
altogether by also relinquishing the
House of Commons seat he has held for
twenty-seven years. But Mr. Baldwin’s
(rouUeg an not at end. Opinion is
widespread that the Thomas affair,
coming on the heels of the gross mis
management of the Ethiopian business,
including League ineptitude in dealing
with Mussolini, has almost fatally un
dermined the so-called "National” gov
ernment dominated by the prime min
ister and his topheavy Conservative
majority. He may essay to bolster the
ministry by putting a Liberal or another
Laborite in Thomas’ place, but following
the Hoare-Laval fiasco in the Italo
Ethiopian conflict and the humiliating
development that British military, naval
and air power was insufficient to warrant
a firm attitude toward Fascist aggres
sion, the cabinet’s situation is palpably
precarious. It is weakened still further
by the chagrin of the strong pacifist pro
League groups over Britain's failure to
preserve Geneva from the supreme
debacle in its history.
Mr. Baldwin, by devices for which
John Bull is famous, may muddle
through this latest crisis. Britons are
jealous of their government's reputation
alike for probity and efficiency. The
Tory regime has the votes to ward off a
motion of lack of confidence in the
House of Commons and may contrive to
placate the Labor and Liberal foes who
are thirsty for its blood, but it will be
a Baldwin government gravely sapped
of public confidence that will carry on
at one of the most critical junctures of
contemporary European history.
An amazing development in Michigan
reveals the existence in that State of a
widespread organization of terrorism
under the cloak of secrecy, reminiscent
of the Ku Klux Klan of evil memory.
A State-wide hunt for members has
been instituted, seventeen men having
been already arrested and held in close
confinement. Prom them it has been
learned that the organization, best
known at present as the "Black Legion,”
has spread through the State until it
is estimated that more than 100,000 have
been enrolled. A semi-military form has
been adopted, with uniforms, masks
and symbols of rank, and also with a
veritable arsenal of arms. Evidence ap
pears likewise of a national organiza
tion, with the country marked off into
divisions, each with its chief officer. A
raid upon the home of the suspected
commander in chief has brought to light
documents that indicate that the fear
of death was held over all members as
a penalty for the disclosure of the
'secret purposes and practices of the
order. The Michigan membership is
estimated at possibly 135,000, with no
computation of that in other States. In
Michigan alone, it is believed, the order
is responsible for no less than fifty
deaths. A copy of the application blank
for membership indicates that a re
ligious motive is advanced as one of the
purposes of the order.
Just as in the case of the Ku Klux
Klan of recent history, the promoters
of the order appear to have conducted
a profitable business in the supply of
the robes and insignia of the society.
The robe is priced at seven dollars and
is believed to cost about $1.25. A black
mask completes the outfit, save that
each member is required to arm himself
as quickly as possible after initiation
with a revolver or a shotgun. The in
signia of membership is a brass cart
ridge, the bestowal of which is accom
panied by a warning that a similar bul
let is ready for him if he betrays the
secrets of the order.
While the present activities of search
and arrest are being conducted by the
Michigan State police, the evident inter
state character of the organization im
plies that the Federal authority may be
invoked, to trace the ramifications of
this dangerous enterprise. That there
is a political aspect to the scheme Is
indicated by fragmentary disclosures in
the course of the examination of those
already in custody, members apparently
being pledged to prevent as far as pos
sible the election or appointment to of
fice or position of those of certain re
In the light of the atrocious record of
its predecessor in the field of secret or
ganization of terrorism it is plainly evi
dent that this scheme of coercion and
private punishment must be attacked
upon the broad front and as quickly as
possible ended with the identification
and punishment of those who have pro
moted it. Such crusades of murder are
wholly un-American in inception, pur
pose and measures and must be checked.
Lotteries and horse races are undoubt
edly bad for public morals. Yet it is
hard to regard the legislator who is
willing to risk his hopes of future salva- ‘
tion for the sake of entertaining his
local public as a martyr to the will of
There are moment* when the non
mathematical mind must regard the
conversation* of Mr. Ickes and Mr.
Hopkins a* a spirited contest between
two lightning calculators.
A jurist has to consider many thing*
requiring mature observation and prac
ticed discernment. Even problems in
expert bookkeeping may come to the
attention of the court.
Planning for Vacation.
Two young women, riding from one
of the suburbs to work downtown thi*
morning, were overheard in conversa
tion about vacation. “I bought a book
about Maine the other day,” said one.
"8omehow I like to know about any place
to which I am going.” The other
promptly and enthusiastically agreed: “I
do, too. I always read all the holiday
guides, even the advertisement*.”
' Certainly, it will be six or eight weeks
before vacation time will come for most
Washingtonians. But there is a curious
pleasure as well as much practical effi
ciency in planning ahead intelligently.
Dreams often are more engaging than
the realities about which they center.
More commonly, perhaps, they sharpen
the anticipation helpfully. People, It
seems, are apt to find a good deal of
what they expect. Niagara Palls, for
avampla still to hoceyaocc
couples who have visioned its magnifi
cence in advance of actual experience
Psychologists probably can explain
the difference. The individual who
hopes for nothing doubtless is not dis
appointed. On the other band, those
who prepare with ardent delight must
not invariably be disillusioned. Long
ago it was said cryptically but not un
truly that those who would bring back
the wealth of the Indies must carry the
wealth of the Indies with them in their
travels. A like observation might be
made with regard to less lengthy and
Vacation, obviously, signifies variety.
The world looks forward adventurously
to such periodic interruptions of routine,
but the wise expedient Is to “get ready”
at leisure. Panic haste at the last
moment may spoil everything. The
young woman with her book about
Maine is a character worthy of emula
tion in more respects than one. To
paraphrase President Rooaevelt, she
should have a grand holiday because she
“has planned it that way."
There are bright minds in the United
States Supreme Court that would be
capable of infinite wit if the challenges
of Irresponsible levity could be accepted
on equal terms. No nation has been
guided safely on its course by means of
repartee, which has no more to do with
laws than Fourth of July fireworks have
to do with patriotism.
Many French citizens are supposed
to believe that obligations to America
have been formally satisfied on terms
of mutual dignity. The French are
clever and often wise but they have
had their wizards of finance. Even
Monte Carlo gets cheated now and then.
Efforts to be comic at the expense
of the United States Supreme Court
defeat themselves. Amateur comedians
have an unerring instinct for remind
ing a friend when he is unfunny.
The scholarly influence of California
is admittedly great, though not yet
having gone far enough to prevent a
few radio men from pronouncing Los
Angeles as if it were spelled with a j.
Every time Farley makes a radio
speech the public rejoices in his econ
omy, recalling how much more it would
cost to put the same material in a cir
cular and send it by mail.
Discovery of minor graft never causes
great surprise. Glory is sought by better
types of mankind, but “something for
nothing* still remains the goal of the
New Jersey has assumed such a degree
of prominence in political affairs that
many people are beginning to regard
famous old Manhattan as something of
a suburban appendage.
In spite of Democratic assurances that
a Republican presidential nomination
can amount to nothing, a number of
fighting Republicans regard it as well
FT PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Events had put the farmer In a some
what mournful mood.
A mocking bird with melody had ven
tured to intrude.
The farmer said, "Thia world is full of
darkness and of doubt!
I'd like to know, you silly bird, what
you are singin’ bout!”
The flowers smiled at him when he was
plowing in the field.
He looked upon them all with a disfavor
He pushed a tractor over them and
quickly laid ’em out,
And said, "I'd like to know what you
had found to smile about.”
And yet he heard the mocking bird.
Twas singing just the same.
He found the flowers blooming in the
cottage window frame.
NO matter how the shadows fall, Hope
is forever strong,
And there's nothing so enduring as the
smiling and the song.
A Bit of Boosting.
“You don’t refer to the idle rich any
‘They are not so numerous,” replied
Senator Sorghum. "Nobody gets busier
than some of the representatives of
opulence every time I start an Investi
OM Familiar Melodies.
“Don’t you love the old familiar melo
"I'm growing tired of them,” answered
Miss Cayenne. "I cant help wishing
more of the radio composers would do
The Big Idea.
Even when folks have plodded through
A patient education,
Some little words are always due
They do not mar the eloquence
In various directions
For those who look for common sense
And not for imperfections.
Jud Tunkins says you can’t judge by
the big noise. A piano tuner is louder
and longer than a regular performer.
“Wealth," said Hi Ho, the sage of
Chinatown, "is the golden key to youth’s
Castle of Dreams, where too often abide
sad memory specters.”
Each Sunday brings us peace of mind
To cheer life's hard endeavor
Azrd with each passing week we And
1 We need more prayers than ever.
"I used to be told," said Uncle Eben,
“I needn't believe all I hears. At pres
ent I cant expect no such luck. De
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
The Republicans keep hammering at
the alleged political activities of the
W. P. A. They are keeping away, for
the most part, from attacks upon relief.
The political activities of the W. P. A.
workers are something else. This is the
kind of thing. If it once sinks definitely
Into the consciousness of the voters
generally, that may have a decided effect
on the coming national election. Sporadic
attempts to have these charges of polit
ical activity thoroughly Investigated and
aired have been made. But nothing has
come of them, except whitewashing re
ports made by the W. P. A. itself and
its head. Harry L. Hopkins.
The latest attack of this kind comes
from the Republican national committee
man for Missouri, Arthur M. Curtis.
Curtis, who is here as an assistant to
Chairman Henry P. Fletcher of the
G. O. P. National Committee, embodied
his charges in a letter to Mr. Hopkins,
and asked what Hopkins Intended doing,
If anything, about them.
* * > *
Missouri has one of the strongest, in
a way. Democratic organizations in the
country, located In Kansas City. It is
ruled over by Boss "Tom" Pendergast. It
has functioned 100 per cent in the past.
What it will do, aided and abetted by
the W. P. A. workers in the State, will
probably be a plenty. For, according to
Mr. Curtis, the Pendergast organization
has complete control of the W. P. A.
and all Its relief work throughout the
pointing out tnat they had come to
him voluntarily and without pressure of
any kind, Mr. Curtis cited letter after
letter showing the loss of jobs by W. P. A.
workers for refusing to register .or vote
Democratic, expressing a preference for
Republican automobiles to carry them
to the polls, declining to contribute to
Democratic campaign funds or to join
Democratic clubs, defending the fact
of having voted Republican in the past,
resisting attempts to let Democrats mark
their ballots in violation of the election
laws, or merely voicing indignation of
these abuses and attempted coercions.
* * * *
There is always the chance that such
charges as those made by Mr. Curtis
may eventually come before the Senate
Campaign Expenditures Committee,
whose chairman is Senator Lonergan of
Connecticut, Democrat. This committee
so far has been dormant. It was set up,
as usual every campaign year, to ferret
out heavy and excessive expenditures of
money in elections for the Senate and
for President and Vice President. The
Democratic high command has fre
quently charged that the Republicans
would have an enormous slush fund this
year to use against the re-election of the
New Deal President. The Republicans
were able to get into the resolution cre
ating the investigating committee, how
ever, a proviso that the use of Govern
ment funds for political purposes, when
charged, should also be investigated.
* * * *
The political activities of W. P. A.,
as locally administered, may be of very
considerable effect in the elections for
the Senate and House, the Republicans
Insist, if it is not checked or at least
made clearly known to the great mass of
voters. Mr. Hopkins has again and again
declared the Federal administration of
W. P. A. was free of politics and deter
minedly opposed to political activity.
There have been cases where the Federal
administrator has fallen out quite vio
lently with some of the local politicians
over the administration of relief and
relief works. One was in Maine, where
Gov. Brann. Democratic chief executive
of the State, was dominating the situa
tion. Despite Mr. Hopkins’ feelings in
the matter, and those of other New
Dealers, including Representative Moran,
the Democratic high command felt that
it was entirely necessary to have Brann
on the party ticket again this year, and
is backing him heartily for United
States Senator against Wallace H.
White. Republican, who comes up for
re-election this year.
* * * *
Senator White is a good Senator. It is
widely admitted by his colleagues and
his constituents—even by the Democrats.
He is a hard-working, constructive legis
lator. He makes it his business to know
thoroughly all the facts connected with
important legislation. About certain
subjects he is a recognized authority,
particularly the merchant marine, fish
eries and radio. He has given a great
deal of study to the shipping question
and to the bills which have been put
forward at this session of Congress by
Senator Copeland of New York, chair
man of tlje Commerce Committee, and
by Senator Guffey of Pennsylvania. In
the past he took a prominent part in
the drafting and consideration of the
merchant marine act of 1928 and earlier
acts dealing with shipping, the uniform
bill of lading act, an act authorizing a
five-year construction program for the
Bureau of Fisheries, ar.d acts for the
conservation and control of fisheries.
He also had *his part in framing the
radio act of 1927 which later was em
bodied without great change in the
communications act of 1934.
¥ ¥ ¥ ¥
A specialist in these fields. Senator
White's continuance in the Senate
seems a wise thing for his constituents.
Maine is vitally interested in shipping
and fisheries. It would be particularly
unfortunate if the political activities
of relief workers and the W. P. A. should
prove effective in defeating him this
year. The Maine election lor Governor
and Senator and members of the House
takes place in* September, almost two
months before the the general election
in other States. Both Republicans and
Democrats will be engaged in a drive
of unusual proportions this year to carry
the Pine Tree 8tate, for the psychological
* * * *
Down in West Virginia the United
Mine Workers made their play recently
for control of the State government
through the nomination on the Demo
cratic ticket of the organisation's own
candidate, L. R. Via. If Van A. Bittner,
the mine workers’ head, had succeeded
in having Via nominated and elected
Governor, the grip of the union on the
State would have been complete. As it
happened, however, Via was defeated
in a field of four. The other three
candidates divided the anti-Via strength,
and yet one of them, Homer A. Holt,
won. Bittner claimed that he was able
to swing 100,000 votes of the mine work
ers, as he saw fit. It looks as though
his claim was exaggerated. The primary
was considerable of a setback for Bittner
and his organization.
Senator Neely of West Virginia, Demo
crat, has been renominated notwith
standing the fight which the youthful
Senator ttush D. Holt made against him.
Neely’s victory was expected. However,
Senator Holt got some satisfaction out
of the primary. For Neely was hooked
up with Bittner in his effort to nominate
Via for Governor. Also. Holt brought out
into the open a considerable number of
anti-Neely Democrats. Bolt, a Demo
crat, launched in the Senate and in
West Virginia a vigorous act on the
W. P. A., charging that It was adminis
tered entirely for the benefit oSmachine
Ipotitfcg. ,!*. I
THIS AND THAT |
. BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
“Dear Sir: I’ve wanted to write you
for a long time and tell you how much
I've always enjoyed your columns In
The Star, especially when the subjects
were birds and flowers.
“I am writing to ask if you will be good
enough to tell me what flowers I could
plant along two sides of a driveway
about 40 feet long. What can I plant
that will grow and bloom each year?
Besides peonies and tulips? Also, do
you know of a fast-growing vine I could
plant over an arbor?
“I would greatly appreciate a reply
when you And It convenient. Thanking
you, P. L. M.
"P. 8.—I realize you are not in the
gardening business and are not sup
posed to answer personal letters of the
kind, but the truth is I trust your Judg
ment In this more than I could trust any
one el*. I mean simply—I know you
know about such things even better
than some experts whose articles I've
Letters such as this open up vistas of
They take us right In amid growing
things of the earth and present us with
the pleasant problems of the back yard.
Only in this case it probably is a side
yard, but it doesn’t make much differ
ence, for the problem of plant selection
is always interesting, wherevef found.
If we had a forty-foot driveway and
wanted something nice on each side of
it. we believe we would use German
(bearded) iris and tawny daylilles.
The daylilies, being taller, could be
placed In the center of the long beds
and the Iris on either side.
If a third and lower plant were desired.
Phlox subulata, which comes in several
colors, could be used as an edging. Dwarf
ageratum (an annual) might be used,
but does not meet our correspondent's
* * * *
If one side of the driveway runs close
to the house, as is often the case, the
daylilies should go on the inside, or
house side, then the iris and then the
phlox. These are all perennials. The
leaves of the iris should be cut off in
the Pall, preferably, but can be left on
and will look good all Winter unless
the latter is severe.
It is best to cut back the tops of the
daylilies after frost injures the leaves,
but it is not absolutely essential. Iris
leaves will get yellow in Autumn if severe
frosts visit them, so it is usually best to
trim them back to within a few inches of
the ground and apply lime or bonemeal.
These help daylilies, too. Use no manure
on this border.
The tawny davllly 'hemerocallisi
blooms in July, so the border will not be
flowerless after the grand splash of the
German iris. The little phloxes are an
early Spring bloomer. We believe this
border will do as well as most, consider
ing its limited number of varieties.
* * * *
Clematis paniculata is a nice vine for
an arbor in almost any situation.
Among the rose vines the Dr. Van
Fleet climber still is one of the very' best.
Its only drawback is its luxurious
Usually this bunches on the top of
an arbor, where it is difficult to thin it
out or to spray for the inevitable aphids
which get on the plant in June.
Aside from these slight difficulties the
Dr. Van Fleet Is one of the very’ best
climber selections. Surely it is a grand
old rose, not only for leaf and flower, but
also for hardiness and general all-around
health and satisfaction.
One must be patient with vines. Many
of them, though heralded as "quick
growing” and sturdy, are far from it in
actual practice. There is a great dif
ference between theory and practice, as
every one knows.
t What our correspondent means above
in declaring that "I know you know
about such things even better than some
experts," is simply this: That practical
observation as well as theory has been
Included in these articles since their
Inception, thirteen years ago.
For instance, when all the aquarium
magazines were singing the praises of
! "old water,” water which Is not changed,
in aquarium management, this column
dared to say that this idea was in error,
that the addition of fresh tempered
water, even to the tropical aquarium, was
Today the magazines agree.
Five years ago one feeding per day
for exotic fishes In the small tank was
held sufficient, but this one meal did
not strike this observer as enough, and
he said so.
Today the “experts” have come around
and are advocating several small meals
a day rather than just one large one.
The trouble with theoretical observers
la that they rely too much on the books,
which, in their turn, carry statements
handed down from one to another, with
out any variation in the long line.
If the honest observer, who sees what
he sees, dares get up at a meeting and i
say whaj he has seen the chances are
that he will be howled down by some
one who has "read the books ' and doesn't
dare to observe for himself, or who will
not admit he can be right, even if he
Thus, if you hear a wood thrush sing
ing while running along the ground,
dare to admit the evidence of your own
ears. Do not let some one outface you
by the blanket statement that "no bird
sings on the ground.” Some do! If you
find the thrush the friendliest of birds,
coming to within two feet of you while
watering the lawn, or within a few
Inches of getting his tail cut off by the
lawn mower, do not hesitate to say so
to your friends. If their thrushes are
not so friendly they are missing some
thing. This writer knows a thrush that
hops into a garage every chance it gets.
It will not do. however, to infer that
because one sees several thrushes sing
ing while on the ground that all thrushes
invariably so do. Nature observation is
scientific, and must proceed along those
lines, even to the humblest back yard.
It is better to pin the observations
down to the given cases and let it go at
* * * *
There is a great deal of pure hokum
written about plants, probably mare bo j
than about anything except tropical
fishes. Some of the most glaring errors |
are made by those writers who have had
no personal experience with the things
they are writing about. Often they are
not to be blamed for this. Their very
ignorance, however, prevents them from
catching their own mistakes. If you
have never actually seen the Siamese
fighting fish build a “bubble nest” in
an aquarium it is very easy to confuse
it with an angel fish, which lays its eggs
on the blades of saggitaria. But you
can't confuse it if you have seen both.
Any one interested in perennial plants 1
and vines can find huge lists, but ex
perience will teach him that all that
glitters is not necessarily the gold of the
salesman’s representations. The latter
is not to be blamed, particularly; he is
giving the generally accepted opinion.
There may be exceptions.
| Actually vines are difficult plants, no
matter what one says. They have a
nasty habit of dying out when least ex
pected. or failing to come up at all.
Most of them, with the exception of the
climbing roses, leaf out rather late.
Yet no growing thing is more familiar
to the heart and soul of humanity than
a vine. Poetry and legend are entwined
with its leaves and runners. Let us have
vines by all means, even if they are
messy in practice.
I WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS I
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
President Roosevelt's expedition Into
the Southwest during Republican Na
tional Convention week will produce a
lively competition between him and the
big Cleveland show for the front page
and the favor of radio listeners. There
is of course, no White House admission
that F. D. R. timed his trip so as to
blanket the G. O. P. proceedings, but
it is likely to be a counter attraction of
the first magnitude. That will certainly
be the case if the President seizes the
opportunity of his speeches in Arkansas
and Texas as an occasion for major
Democratic campaign pronouncements.
The circumstances that he expects to
deliver his principal address at Dallas
on Friday, June 12—probable date of
final nomination action at Cleveland—
is interpreted by Washington politicians
as prima facie evidence that New Dealer
No. 1, master politician that he is. plans
at least to share the limelight with
Cleveland, if not to steal the show alto
* * * *
Whatever the final result of the House
investigation of the Townsend plan
contempt proceedings, or otherwise—
Capitol Hill inclines strongly to the be
lief that enough has already been
brought to light regarding the old-age
pension dream to strip it of any menace
as a 1936 political factor. It is every
body's secret that many members of
Congress up for re-election feared
Townsendite opposition in November.
Now that the plan has been divested of
a good deai of its idealism and glamour,
fear of its potency as a campaign issue
has diminished almost to the vanishing
point. It is intimated that there will
be no old-age pension third party move
ment this year, but that such a scheme
will be revived "in earnest” after the
November elections. So, while Senators
and Representatives are breathing more
easily as far as the immediate future is
concerned, it looks as if Townsendlsm
would bob up in the sweet bye-and
bye, to torment them all over again.
w * * *
If* been said that you can prove
almost anything by statistics, political
and otherwise. At any rate, one mathe
matically minded and optimistic Repub
lican has just figured out that it will
take only 3330.00# disaffected Demo
cratic voters to bring about Republican
presidential victory this year. He arrives
at that conclusion on the basis of the
22,821357 votes cast for Roosevelt in
1832 and the 15,761,841 which Hoover
received. The G. O. P. statistician seems
confident that at least 3330,00# people
“have changed their minds since 1932.”
Plus Republicans who will not vote
Democratic this year, he thinks such a
switch would make G. O. P. victory a
* * * *
In a new book entitled “Life Insurance
—A Critical Examination,” Prof. Edward
Berman, economist of the University of
Illinois, indicates that Charles Evans
Hughes' famous exposure of conditions
in the life insurance Industry in New
York in 1901 largely inspired Louis D.
Brandeis to Interest himself in bringing
about life insurance reforms in Massa
chusetts. Mr. Hughes’ m:tivities resulted
i * » new coda « fcsa la Mei
York State. Through Mr. Brandeis’
subsequent efforts, similar protective
statutes, as well as a law establishing a
savings bank life insurance system, were
enacted in the Bay State. The trail
blazer became Chif Justice of the United
States in 1930. presiding over the court
to which Justice Brandeis had come in
* * * *
Wendell L. Willkie, prominent South
ern utility magnate, hinted in a recent
report to his stockholders that new
efforts to obtain modification of the
T. V. A., or to^test it in the courts, may
be made next" year. So far, he points
out. Federal power projects in the Ten
nessee Valley are not beyond the stage
of construction, so that no substantial
amount of operating territory has been
lost by private companies, or any mate
rial amount of competing power sold by
the Government. ••Competition will
come next year and in the succeeding
years,” Mr. Willkie says, "unless re
strained by legislation or court decision.”
The competition threat, he added, has
greatly depredated security values of
private companies in the affected area.
* * * *
At last the "thrifty Scotchman" legend
ha* reached the United States Supreme
Court. Recently the Government was
asserting the right to tax as part of the
estate of one Dr. McFarlan certain prop
erty which not long before his death he
had transferred to a trust, of which his
children were beneficiaries. Assistant
Attorney General Robert H. Jackson had
argued that this gift was really a distri
bution of Dr. McFarlan’s estate In expec
tation of death and therefore was
taxable. As indicating the probability
that expectation of death was one of the
motives for the gift, he pointed to Dr.
McFarlan’s age. which was 78. Mr. Jus
tice McReynolds, who had been thumb
ing through the record, observed: "Well,
but didn't the court below find that this
man was a hearty Scotchman?” Mr.
Jackson replied: "Yes, you honor, that’s
one of the reasons the Government is so
certain this gift was made only because
of the expectation of death.”
Robert Peet Skinner, lately dean of the
United States Foreign Service, has ar
rived in Washington to take formal leave
of the State Department after roundly
40 consecutive years of duty abroad. He
recently retired from the ambassadorship
to Turkey, Ifter having been stationed
successively at blue ribbon consular posts
in France. Germany and Great Britain,
followed by diplomatic missions in
Greece and Latvia. Mr. Skinner was a
young newspaper editor at Massillon,
(Milo, when President McKinley ap
pointed him consul at Marseille in 1897.
In 1903 he was sent to Ethiopia to
negotiate our first commercial treaty
with the late Emperor Menellk. Although
In 1930 Mi. Skinner had already reached
the retirement age, he was retained on
active duty by executive order of Presi
dent Hoover for a period expiring in
February, ISM. Ambassador Skinner
was long prominent in the movement
which led to the enactment of the Rogers
law, whereby Uncle Sam's foreign serv
ice was put on a career basis.
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIX.
A reader can get the answer to any
question of loot by writing The Evening
Star Information Bureau, Frederic J.
Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C.
Please inclose stamp lor reply.
Q. Is the great pacer, Single G, still
A Single G, has just celebrated his
twenty-sixth birthday anniversary and is
still owned by William Barefoot of
Cambridge City, Ind, who accepted the
colt's mother just before he was foaled
in payment of a grocery bill.
Q. What is the name of the island
that grows all the palm seed?—P. C.
A. Lord Howe Island, situated 360 miles
off the coast of Australia, has developed
a unique trade in seeds from the Howea
palms. The demand is so great that the
income derived from the sale of the seeds
maintains the entire population.
Q. How much food does John D.
Rockefeller eat in a day?—M. R.
A. A biography says that the food he
consumes in a day probably is the equiv
alent of not more than two or three
medium sized sandwiches.
Q. What is a shop “right?—W. K
A. It is the right to use an invention,
which is automatically created on be
half of the owner of the shop, when the
invention is developed in such shop by
an employe, who uses the time and
equipment of the shop for producing the
invention. Such shop rights are non
assignable and apply alone to inven
tions pertaining to the employer's busi
Q. What is a dekaliter?—M L. M.
A. It is a metric unit of capacity
equal to 10 liters or about .9 United
Q. Please give a list of some writers
who have popularized slang —L. H. M.
A. H. L. Mencken in the American
Language mentions the late Ring Lard
ner as the most accurate reporter of
United States common speech. As ex
perts in the use of slang he lists: Tad
Dorgan. Sime Silverman. Gene Buck,
Damon Runyon. Walter Winchell. Bugs
Baer. George Ade. Gelett Burgess. James
Gleason, Rube Goldberg and Milt Gross.
Q When did men cease to powder
their hair in this country?—R M W
A. The use of powder for the hair
actually went out of fashion in 1794,
but some people continued to use it until
as late as 1810. Doctors still clung to
wigs as late as 1819. but they went out
of fashion about 1805.
Q. What is the epitaph on the tomb of
Sir Christopher Wren?—F. W. M.
A. The famous architect is buried
under the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral
in London, with this fitting epitaph in
Latin: "Reader, if you seek his monu
ment, look about you.”
Q. How are the rules formulated that
govern etiquette?—F. M. G.
A. In general, common sense and
kindly feeling may be said to motivate
one's conduct in society. Certain au
thorities have outlined rules for social
procedure that are generally observed.
So many questions on this subject come
into the bureau that several hundred of
them have been compiled in a booklet
under 20 headings. The name of this
publication is "Modem Manners.” and
it will be sent to any one who sends
his name and address, with 10 cent:,
to Frederic J. Haskin, Washington D. C
Q. How many times was Lucrezia Bor
gia married?—E. R. M.
A. Her father compelled her twice
to mlrriage and divorce before she be
came the wife of the Duke of Bisceglic
After her third husband had been mur
dered by Cesare Borgia, she married A.
fonso of Este. and passed the rest of
her life in the Court of Ferrara, culti
vating literature and art.
Q. Who said that happiness is the art
of being well deceived?—H. R. M.
A. This was Swift's satiric definition.
Q. Please give some information about
early strikes in this country—S. G
A. The first, recorded strike in Amer
ica took place in 1741. when New York
bakers quit work as a protest against
a municipal ordinance regulating the
price of bread. The earliest known
strike for higher wages took place in
1786. when the Philadelphia printers
ceased work as a means of enforcing
their demand for a minimum weekly
wage of $6 The first organized strike
in America took place in 1799. when the
shoemakers belonging to the Federal
Society of Journeymen Cordwainers,
were compelled to lay down their tools
in order to aid the bootmakers who were
seeking an increase in wages.
Q. What was the real name of Nellie
Bly. who made the famous trip around
the world?—A. C.
A. Her real name was Elizabeth Coch
rane. She made her famous trip around
the world as a representative of the
New York World in 1889. Her object
was to show that Jules Verne's romance,
“Around the World in Eighty Days."
was not an exaggeration. She began her
trip November 14. 1889. and completed
it January 25, 1890, in 72 days • hours
11 minutes and 14 seconds.
Q. Do wedding presents belong to both
the bride and groom?—P. P.
A. Wedding presents are all sent to
the bride, and are. according to law, her
Helping the Druggist*.
From the Charlotte Observer.
Florida truckers are reported to be
starting a movement for the production
of more and better cucumbers. This
obviously is a secret maneuver on the
part of the manufacturers of bicar
bonate of soda.
Having a Good Time.
From the Pittsburg)] Pot-Gazette.
Our guess at the person who is getting
most fun out of politics these days would
be Col. Breckinridge. In the various
State primaries he has nothing to lose,
and there’s a kick in every ballot he
Co-operative Apple Tree.
Prom the Sioux Fxllx <8. Dele.) Arsux-Lxxdrr
An Illinois man has an apple tree that
yields only on one side each year. It
seems to be the answer to an A. A. A.
A Rhyme at Twilight
Gertrude Brooke Hamilton
I love you. dear. That you are near
Even in spirit routs all sense of fear.
When hot tears start, with stinging smi
I lean upon your courage, valiant hei
And peace divine, hard to define,
Plo\M| from your buoyant nature
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