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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 28, 1936, Image 1

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(U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.) A The OnJV evening DaDCP
Pair and cooler, with lowest tempera- 1 . , . ^ • ta;.._i_;_. V.
ture about 48 degrees tonight; fair and ^^^k ^ Washington With the
continued cool tomorrow and Saturday. W ■ ■ w W ■ ■ Associated PreSS NeWS
1'SrSi^Tiii.TZ.r' I I r I I I and Wirephoto Services.
Full report on page A-12. J^k^ M. ^ A
Cl.«., New York Mark.li, P.,« 20 _ UK SUNDAY MOUSING _Y*l±* S'^J,?;1124_
No. 33,630. poTofflcY 'waSungton,“d”" WASHINGTON, D. C., THUESDAY, MAY 28, 1936.—SIXTY-SIX PAGES. *** w» M..n. Aa.oci.t.d pr.... TWO CENTS.
Prosecution of Wunder and
Kiefer Also.Approved After
Nearly an Hour of Bitter
——————— i
Bell Uses Parliamentary Strategy
to Obtain Decision After Mo
naghan Is Ordered to Take
Seat—Attempts to Force Roll
Call Are Unsuccessful.
Dr. F. E. Townsend turned a
dream of $200-per-month pensions
for the aged into the most feared
political force in America within a
two-year period. Result was deal
between Republican and Demo
cratic parties to join in smearing
movement. Supplied with $50,000,
they started probe in March. Last
week the doctor walked out on
committee and influenced others of
his group to do likewise. House
committee finally has decided to
ask contempt action against pen
sion "messiah” and two aides.
Without debate, but after bit
ter heckling on parliamentary
procedure, the House this after
noon voted a contempt citation
against Dr. Francis E. Townsend
and two of his old-age pension
aides—Clinton Wunder and J. B.
The vote was 271 to 41. With the
same motion, however, the House
passed along to the United States at
torney’s office the task of proving the
Bell Committee’s contention before a
Jury in District Supreme Court.
The House action took nearly an
hour of bitter wrangling, during which
Speaker Byms ordered Representa
tive Monaghan. Democrat, of Mon
tana, a Townsend supporter, to take
his seat. Representative Bankhead.
Democrat, of Alabama, the majority
floor leader, charged the young Mon
tanan with dilatory tactics, and Rep
resentative McReynolds. Democrat, of
Tennessee, was heard to advise hav
ing the sergeant-at-arms remove the
belligerent Westerner.
By the parliamentary strategy of j
moving the previous question, Chair- |
man Bell of the special committee
Investigating old-age pension plans
shut off all debate on his committee
resolution and report, in which Town
send. Wunder and Kiefer were
charged writh contempt. The previous
question was adopted by a standing
vote of 243 to 30 and was followed j
Immediately by the vote on the reso- |
lution itself.
In each case Monaghan attempted
to force a roU call, but was unsuc
cessful. -1
T\MI f'.uim: ITInnr
Bell had gained the floor at 12:40
p.m. to submit the committee report I
and resolution asking that the three :
be cited for contempt.
The 14-page report was read in full
by a House clerk. In the gallery were
Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Clements, formerly
associated with Townsend. James R.
Sullivan, committee counsel, and his
aides also were in the gallery, while
all members of the committee were on
the floor.
As the reading finished, Representa
tives Blanton, Democrat, of Texas, and
Monaghan leaped to their feet to make
points of order. Blanton w»as recognized.
“I make the point of order that the
House should try its own case.” Blanton
“That is not under discussion,”
Speaker Byrns said. Blanton sat down.
Monaghan then launched into an
argument that the committee ‘‘ex
ceeded its function.”
Byrns interrupted to tell Monaghan
he must make a proper point of or
der and immediately overruled the
Monaghan appealed, but Blanton
moved to table the appeal. On a
standing vote, it was tabled by a
count of 230 to 8.
The committee revealed this morn
ing that hearings in the investigation
Will be continued next week, probably
Monday, with Edward J. Margett,
California director of the Townsend
organization; Charles M. Hawks,
Massachusetts leader, and Clem
ents, former national secretary and
treasurer of the Old Age Revolving
Pensions, Ltd., among those called to
Margett and Hawks both are under
subpoena, and the latter has assured
the committee he will testify when
called. In case Margett refuses to
appear he will face the prospect of
contempt action, it was said.
Sheridan Downey, counsel for
(See TOWNSEND, Page 9.)
Kuhel's Triple and Kress’ Double
Give Home Club Edge in
Pitchers’ Battle.
Joe Kuhel’s triple to the score
board, followed by a double off the
bat of "Red" Kress, gave the Na
tionals a l-to-0 lead over the Ath
letics in the fifth inning of the open
ing game of a double-header at Grif
fith Stadium this afternoon.
The extra base wallops broke up
’ a pitching battle between Buck New
som. Nat mound ace, and Harry
Kelley, Connie Mack’s prise rookie
Daughter of Gov. Martin L.
Davey of Ohio, was the re
ported victim of threats last
year. Investigations in Ohio
have linked the Black Legion
to the threats. —A. P. Photo,
Resolution Defeated in Sen
ate-Disclosures of
New Terrorism.
The death of a IV. P. A. worker
in Michigan last week led to an
investigation disclosing the exist
ence of a secret black-robed, hooded
organization known as the Black
Legion. More than a dozen of its
members were arrested in connec
tion with the fatal beating of the
P. IV. A. worker. Two of them ad
mitted they were members of the
mob and said their victim was "re
moved" because he "knew too
Further investigations into the
order disclosed beatings, night rid
ing, terrorization and the rule of
the whip among its members. Like
the old Ku Klux Klan. the "Le
gion" is violently anti-Catholic,
anti-Negro, anti-communist and
unii-jur ciyriei.
By the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS. Ohio. May 28—The
Ohio Senate defeated today a resolu
tion by Senator John Davis, Demo
crat, of Cuyahoga, proposing a legisla
tive investigation into activities of the
Black Legion.
Sixteen members voted against a
proposed sweeping inquiry by a com
mittee of five. Nine favored the plan.
Hardly had the proposal been voted
down, when Senator William Zoul
of Cleveland offered a resolution pro
posing a similar investigation.'
During the debate, the resolution
was amended to eliminate a stipula
tion that the five members should be
made up of two Catholics, two Prot
estants and one Jew.
Senator Keith Lawrence proposed
the amendment, which was adopted
24 to 1. He said he thought it im
proper to make the designation and
said selection of the committee should
be left up to the lieutenant governor.
Wants •‘Mixed” Probers.
Senator Davis opposed the amend
ment. He said that with the com
mittee made up as he proposed there
would be “no doubt as to the cor
rectness of its findings.”
He made a strong plea for passage
of the resolution and an investigation
to rid the State of “hooded domina
“I know there are a lot of strange
looks on the faces of some of you
members, but I don’t think that this
is a funny thing at all,” Davis said.
“I think that the fact that this In
formation concerning the Black Le
gion which should have been brought
back to the Legislature Indicates that
some one has been negligent,” he
ey the Associated Press.
DETROIT, May 28.—Additional in
dications of the far-reaching aspira
tions of the Black Legion, hooded ter
rorist society, came today as investi
gators disclosed one county prosecuting
attorney had admitted membership in
a claimed affiliate of the order and
further evidence was uncovered of a
woman’s auxiliary unit.
Prosecutor David C. Pence of Oak
land (Pontiac) County said in a formal
statement today he had been Induced
by misrepresentation in 1934 to join
the “Twenty And Club,” which later
(See BLACK LEGION, Page 18.) |
Hale Says “Priming Pump”
Has Failed—Demands
New Method.
Committee Amendments Voted On.
Quoddy and Florida Projects
Threaten to Delay Bill.
The recent history of the Passa
maquoddy and Florida Canal proj
ects resembles the “off again, on
again, gone again" train described
by Dispatcher Finnegan. Work was
begun a year ago with a loud hulla
baloo with funds from the $4,880,
000,000 work-relief bill. This Win
ter Hopkins and Roosevelt critics
leveled their guns at the two proj
ects. Mainly through the attacks by
Senator Vandenberg of Michigan,
continuance of work on them was
forbidden. But a counter-attack
based on the waste involved in
cutting off hope of getting any re
turn from the money used in half
making the canal and the filial
project have reinvigorated their
By tnr Associated Press.
A Republican demand that more
costly work relief be abandoned in
favor of direct relief for the unem
ployed opened Senate debate today on
the administration bill carrying $1,
425,000,000 for continuing the works
progress program.
Senator Hale of Maine opened his
party’s attack on the $2,369,000,000 de
ficiency bill as Democratic leaders
pushed everything else aside in an
effort to rush the measure to a final
vote by tomorrow.
Hale contended the spending of
more than S3.000.000.000 a year by the
New Deal had proved the theory of
"priming the pump" was a failure.
He called for a curtailment of ex
penditures. and an effort to speed up
private industry in a move to bring
back prosperity.
Amendment Voted on.
Hale's speech was short. As soon
as he finished, the Senate began vot- j
ing on committee amendments, sweep- |
mg toward the bigger issues in the
Nothing apparently stood in the
way of quick action on the long
disputed measure, with the possible
exception of a move to add an amend
ment to authorize new surveys of the
Florida ship canal and the Passama
quoddy tide-hamesslng project in
Democratic chieftains had not de
cided whether to offer this proposal
as an amendment or press for sep
arate action, in view of Republican
threats that it would bring prolonged
Congress thus far has turned a cold
shoulder to moves to get funds to con
tinue the giant projects, which were
started with money allotted by the
President. But recently administra
tion men obtained Senate Commerce
Committee approval of a resolution
which would permit Mr. Roosevelt to
allocate $19,000,000 more if engineers
approved after a study.
■ It was indicated that Senator Rob- |
inson. Democrat, of Arkansas might
offer the resolution as an amendment.
In case the amendment is offered,
Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of
Michigan was prepared to fight. A
bitter opponent of the projects, he |
said he would present a large amount
of data against them.
Reported by Committee.
The deficiency-relief measure was ;
reported yesterday by the committee.
Among the changes from the House
version was another possible bar to
clear sailing on the floor. This was
authorization for Secretary Ickes to
use $300,000,000 for grants to local
agencies to carry on public works ad
ministration projects.
Some Senators said this amendment
might be made subject to a point of
order, which would require a two
thirds vote for adoption.
Republicans also prepared to offer
an amendment by Vandenberg for
( See RELIEF,” Page 7.) ~
Motor Repairs Halt Flight From
Coast to Providence.
WICHITA, Kans., May 28 UP).—
Col. Roscoe Turner abandoned his
speed flight from Los Angeles to
Providence. R. I., here today after
determining repairs to his motor were
necessary before taking off on the
next leg of Bis flight.
Col. Turner took off at 4:03 a.m.
(7:03 Eastern standard time) from
Union Air Terminal, Los Angeles.
Nebraskan, Dead at 115, Held
High Prices Aided Longevity
By tne Associated press.
ST. PAUL, Nebr., May 28.—Solomon
Rickner. 115. oldest man In Nebraska,
died at his home today.
He attributed his long life to the
“high cost of living.”
High prices, he said, forced him to
eat only plain, substantial foods. He
was a consistent coffee and tea drinker,
liked beer, exercised vigorously, smoked
for 70 years, never had false teeth and
enjoyed good hearing.
Rickner smoked a pipe until his fatal
injury. His daughter, Mrs. Cora Cor
bett, past 70, lighted the pipe to pre
vent his setting his clathes on fire.
He was hale and hearty until 1933.
Since then he began to fail and his
eyes grew dim.
He fell on his home May 17 and
fractured his right leg.’ His condition
grew worse until his heart weekend
and other complications set in, result
ing in death.
Three times rejected as a Union
soldier in the Civil War because of his
health, Rickner remained in good
health until he was well past 100.
Born February 18, 1821, in North
Hampton County, Pa., near what now
is Pittsburgh, Rickner moved into the
West at the age of 4, settling in a rude
log cabin near Marshall, Mich. He was
the son of Dutch parents, his father
living to the age of 102 and his mother
He was the recipient of a $30 a
month old-age pension from the State
of Nebraska. He told interviewers on
his last birthday be had no desire to
live any longer.
Rickner's age was established several
years ago by a Columbus attorney
through investigation of an ^ate ease.
X~BE OH!^y
King Edward to Be Invested
With Authority in Color
ful Pageant.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 28—Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin today set May 12,
1937. as the day on which King Ed
ward VIII will be formally invested
with the authority of the British
throne in a centuries-old coronation
The announcement was made in a
special issue of the Official Gazette.
The date will be officially proclaimed
at colorful ceremonies in the center
of London tomorrow.
Active preparations will begin at
once for the vast array of pageantry
and ceremonial that will mark the
event, which will reach its climax in
Westminster Abbey when the Arch
bishop of Canterbury places the fa
mous jeweled crown upon the King's
Royalty to Attend.
For London the ceremony will mean
the influx of several hundred thou
sands of visitors from all parts of the
world. It is expected 10 ruling Kings
and Queens, in full regalia, together
with 150 or more Indian princes in
picturesque costume, will be the na
tion’s guests.
Every dominion and colony will have
its envoys present. Every foreign
country will be represented.
To share the pomp and color of
the occasion at least 3.000.000 people
are expected to line the route of the
royal procession which will open and
conclude the coronation.
Six white horses will draw the
King's gilded coach from Buckingham
Palace to the abbey, thence eastward
through the old city to the Mansion
House and back.
Sites Already at Premium.
Window’s overlooking this route,
which passes Trafalgar Square, along
the Strand and down London's fa
mous Fleet street past St. Paul's,
even now are being hawked at high
The commissioner of works, W.
Ormsby Gore, is taking steps To pre
vent excessive exploitation of vantage
A grand naval review at Spithead
probably will follow the coronation.
Special military reviews also will be
Socially, the coronation is expected
to give London one of the most bril
liant seasons of the century, if not
the most brilliant. Hostesses already
are making plans for elaborate enter
taining on a scale unmatched in re
cent years.
London retail stores anticipate the
best trade in 20 years.
Widow Announces Candidacy for
Republican Nomination in
New York State.
By the Associated Press.
TROY. N. Y„ May 28 Mrs.
William D. Thomas announced here
today that she would be a candidate
for the Republican nomination for
Representative from the twenty-ninth
congressional district, to succeed her
husband, the late Representative
Thomas, of Hoosick Palls.
Representative Thomas died last
week In Washington.
Mrs. Thomas helped conduct his
affairs during his long illness and was
always active with him in Washing
ton. She has a daughter in high
New York State now has one woman
Representative in Congress, Mrs. Car
oline O’Day, Democrat, of West
Clear and Cooler Forecast for Next
Three Days.
Washington is scheduled for three
days of fair and cocrier weather, with
a low temperature tonight of 48 de
grees, it was forecast by the Weather
North and northwest breezes caused
a drop in the temperature from a
high of 85 before yesterday’s storm to
a low of 58 at 12:45 a.m. today. Al
though the temperature was scheduled
to rise some during the day, Weather
Bureau officials predicted it would re
main more comfortable through today,
tomorrow and Saturday.^.
Hollywood Fiancee
Balks After Briton
Treks From Africa.
By tnc Associated Press.
HOLLYWOOD. May 28 —Capt.
Louis Charles Pellissier. British
Army officer, came all the way
from South Africa to be married
only to find there would be no
His intended bride was Miss
Mitzi Miegand. 21. a motion pic
ture player. She declined to com
ment today, but her mother said
she "just changed her mind."
Upon his arrival here yesterday,
the 27-year-old officer had cabled
his father. Brig. Gen. Sir Charles
Pellissier, that he would return to !
Rhodesia, South Africa, with an
American bride.
Jury Out 18 Hours—Death
Sentence Mandatory.
Slayer Unmoved.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, May 28 —A jury of 12 j
men today doomed John Fiorenza, 24
year-old upholsterer’s helper, to the
electric chair for the Good Friday
bath tub slaying of Mrs. Nancy Evans
Titterton. youthful fiction writer.
Weary and haggard after 19 hours
of deliberation, the jurors filed into'
General Sessions Court at 10 a.m.
Judge Charles C. Nott. jr„ was on
the bench. The clerk of the court put
the formal question: “Have the jurors
reached a verdict?”
Stuart Campbell, foreman, said they
“We find the defendant guilty as
charged,” he replied.
Fiorenza looked dully at the men.
His face was as void of emotion as it
had been during the seven days he
had sat in court, listening to testi
mony, listening to District Attorney
William C. Dodge demand his life,
listening apathetically to his own at
torney, Henry Klauber, argue that he
was Insane and not responsible for his
The court room was still. Fiorenza
began biting his fingernails.
Then Judge Nott spoke. He said
he would sentence Fiorenza on June 5.
He turned then to the jurors.
"You need never have any scruples
about this verdict,” he said. “It was !
not only justified, but absolutely nec- j
essary under the evidence. It was a
shocking crime and you have done a |
public service.”
“Gentlemen,” he continued, “I |
want to compliment you on the fact
that although you were many hours
in deliberation you never once re
ported that you were unable to agree,
but kept on conscientiously until a
verdict was reached.”
Klauber asked permission to poll the
jury. Each man answered “guilty as
charged. The first-degree convic
tion carries a mandatory death sen
Gives Police Record.
Fiorenzo then gave his police record,
which included a suspended sentence
In 1932 on a petty larceny charge, a
sentence to Elmira Reformatory the
next year for attempted grand larceny,
a suspended sentence for grand lar
ceny in 1934, and recommitment to
Elmira the same year for violation of
his parole.
Klauber said he would appeal the
District Attorney Dodge was pleased.
"It was justified,” he said. It was !
the second murder case he had prose- '
Florenza was taken away to be
fingerprinted, and his stepfather, Ig
nazio Cupani, who had paced the
corridor outside the court room before
the Jury reached its verdict, departed
for Brooklyn to break the news to
Florenza’s mother.
Mrs. Tltterton, wife of a radio ex
ecutive, was strangled and attacked
In her Beekman place apartment on
Good Friday, April 10.
Florenza, 24. an upholsterer’s
helper, was accused of calling at the
apartment during the morning, on the
pretense of inquiring about a love
Florenza went on trial in General
Sessions Court a week ago last Mon
TJ. S. Officer Sees Hirohito.
TOKIO, May 28 (/P).—Emperor Hiro
hito received Rear Admiral O. G. Mur
fln, commander in chief of the United
| State* Asiatic Fleet,
$2,050,000,000 to Cover
Maturing Bond Debts, Aid
in Bonus Payments.
B» the Associated Press.
Eclipsing all peace-time issues. Sec
retary Morgenthau next Monday will
float an offering of $2,050,000,000 of
Government securities including $1,
000.000,000 to build up his present
cash balance.
The transaction will cover maturing
obligations of $1,050,000,000 through a
refunding operation and fortify the
Treasury’s balance—which now stands
at *2,357.000,000—with new cash to
meet all needs, including the soldiers’
The billion-dollar cash borrowing,
together with the weekly borrowing
of $50,000,000 through the sale of
Treasury bills, was expected to tide the
Government over until the next quar
terly financing date. September 15.
Details to Be Announced.
The cash offering, the detail* of
which will be announced Monday, will
cause the gross public debt to jump
$—reaching $32,590,000.
000, on the basis of yesterday's Treas
ury statement.
The refunding offering will not af
feet the public debt, as it means sim
ply the exchange of maturing obliga
tions for new securities. It will provide
for $686,000,000 of I** per cent notes
maturing June 15. as well as for $364,
000.000 of 3*4 per cent notes falling
due August 1. Both the cash and the
refunding issue will be dated June 15.
At the same time, Morgenthau re
vealed at a special press conference
greater vigilance would be exercised
with the forthcoming flotation for
the protection of the small investor.
Confers With Officials.
To this end he said he had been
conferring with officials of the Fed
eral Reserve system and through their
co-operation had promulgated regu
lations governing subscriptions which
would be transmitted to every bank
ing institution in their respective dis
These regulations will increase the
cash deposit required on subscriptions
from 5 to 10 per cent; require cer
tification that bank customers’ ap
plications for securities were in the
amount entered on subscriptions: that
each application was, to the best of
the bank’s knowledge, “in good faith."
and that the bank submitting sub
scriptions had no beneficial interests
“The purpose of these provisions is
to provide for an equitable allotment
and distribution of securities to all
classes of subscribers,” Morgenthau
Amnnnl nf CnlHiar Ronnc
Morgenthau said the entire soldier
bonus was in the amount of about
$2,300,000,000, with about $1,700,000,
000 accruing directly to veterans. He
explained the difference was held by
various institutions, which had ad- 1
vanced funds on the bonus certifl- j
In addition to the $50,000,000 of
new money, which the Treasury is
borrowing each week, it expects its
cash balance to be further augmented
next month, when about $375,000,000
of income taxes are due on the sec
ond quarterly installment on 1935
The usual weekly issue of $50,000,
000 of bills, floated for the purpose
of meeting the same amount of ma
turing indebtedness, was stepped up
to $100,000,000 several weeks ago to
build up the cash balance. At that
time, it was announced the practice i
would be continued until further no
Truck Kills Driver
Trying to Check
Flight on Incline
Oeorge A. Schaefer, 50, of 200 K
street, was killed in a strange
automobile accident on Fifty
ninth street, between Eaves and
Foote streets northeast, shortly
before noon today.
Schaefer, a truck driver for
the District government, leaped
aboard his parked truck when he
saw It rolling down an Incline
from the place where It had been
A bump in the road bounced
him from the running board and
beneath the left rear wheel. He
was pronounced dead on the scene
by Dr. Willis Jones, a physician
living in the neighborhood.
Committee Postpones Meet
ing to Permit Democrats
to Confer.
For four months Congress has
struggled with the problem of new
taxation. The revenue bill de
manded by President Roosevelt and
the $1,425,000,000 relief bill are the
two bars to adjournment. The
chief taxation argument concerns
the White House wish for a change
in the method of taxing corpora
tions from basing the levy on in
come to one on surplus. The House
agreed to this proposition, but the
Senate feels otherwise. The upper
body still toils on a compromise
Bv the Associated Press.
With administration forces at-1
tempting to rally support behind
higher taxes on undistributed corpora- :
tion earnings, the Senate Finance
Committee today postponed at least
until tomorrow a crucial vote on
whether to approve the tax bill which
it already has framed.
The Treasury submitted estimates1
on four new tax plans which are in
line with the latest corporate tax!
system advocated by President Roose
velt, but no action was taken on any.
Democrats to Confer.
The committee passed up its usual
afternoon session to permit Demo
cratic members to confer again They
already had held one parley before
the full committee met for its morn
ing session.
Instead of voting on a motion, still
pending, by Senator George, Demo
crat, of Georgia; on acceptance of the
committee's own bill, members dis
cussed the latest Treasury estimates
and minor, technical changes in theih
One Senator, a leader in the battle '
against the higher undistributed i
profits taxes sought by Mr. Roosevelt, i
intimated delay was occasioned by
administration Senators who repeat
edly asked for estimates on new cor- 1
porate tax schemes.
Acting Chairman King said he
thought the committee might report
cut a bill tomorrow, but he had said
the same thing yesterday with refer
ence to today's meeting.
Urging* Cause Controversy.
White House urgings that the Sen
ate Finance Committee change th«
program it has tentatively chosen
stirred such controversy among the
committeemen that some described
the situation as in a “mess” and j
“hopeles.” But other predicted quick ,
action on the legislation.
New Plan Offered.
A powerful group of Senators, gen
erally known as "conservatives,” i
sought to have the committee stick j
to its own plan and report It to the
Senate floor without change. The j
plan includes an 18 per cent tax on
corporation net income, a 7 per cent
levy on undistributed profits of cor
porations and repeal of the present
exemption of dividends from the nor
mal 4 per cent income tax.
Treasury officials say it would raise
about $585,000,000 of permanent reve
nue and $82,000,000 in temporary
(See TAXES, Page 5.)~
■ — -
Japan Is Urged to Act to Punish
GENEVA, May 28 </P).—A United
States delegate told the Opium Ad
visory Committee of the League of
Nations today he regarded non-pun
ishment of Japanese-Korean narcotic
purveyors as an “unfriendly act to
ward the Nations on the North Amer
ican continent.”
The delegate, Capt. Stuart J. Fuller,
urged the Japanese government to
take effective steps to punish those
persons who. he said, “have thus
brought the name of Japan into dis
Capt. Fuller declared that as Jap
anese influence advances in the Far
East, so does the narcotic traffic.
Small Families and Young
Parents Highest in Health
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, May 28.—The maximum
specifications for a healthy family
were drawn today in the American
Journal of Diseases of Children—
young parents with no more than
four children.
Babies are surest of healthy, sound
bodies when there are four or less of
them and the youngest is born before
the mother is 30 years old “and as
close to 25 as possible,” Dr. Douglas
P. Murphy of the University of Penn
sylvania Medical 8chool asserted.
The number of deformed children
increases with the mother's age, he
His conclusions were based on a
study of 607 malformed children. Con
tinuing a study lyrhic* pwviously
demonstrated that defective children
were moat likely to appear after the
birth of the fourth child in a family.
Dr. Murphy found:
In a group of 466 mothers who had
at least one normal and one deformed
child, the average marriage age was
21.1 years. The mother's age at
birth of the first normal child was
23 years. The aga at birth of the
first defective child was 28.4 years.
“On the average.” the doctor ob
served, “congenital malformations
occur most often in the younger chil
dren in families, and likewise most
often in the late productive life of
the mothers. No satisfactory method
is available for determining whether
order of birth or maternal age is the
“ “~*T''
Invite Senators to Attend
Session Monday in Final
Effort to End Deadlock.
All But Five Sign.
Blanton Makes Note Public With
out Comment—Meeting Set foi
Today Canceled After Thomas
Talks With Blanton by Tele
House conferees on the 1937
District appropriation bill took
an unusual step today and “in
vited” the Senate conferees to a
conference Monday in a Anal
effort to break the prolonged
deadlock over the items in
Invitations to conferences on
bills customarily originate on the
Senate side.
The invitation from the House group,
signed by all five conferees, was ad
dressed to Senator Thomas. Demo
crat, of Oklahoma, and chairman of
the Senate Conference Committee. It
“Inasmuch as the District appro
priation bill is still in conference, and
there has been no agreement either
to agree or disagree signed up by the
managers on the part of the House
and Senate, which must be done before
either the House or Senate can take
steps to find other means of furnish
ing a supply bill to the District for
Invite Conference.
“And inasmuch as there is no in
vitation pending from the Senate con
ferees inviting the House conferees:
"We. the managers on the part of
the House, in the hopes a) of getting
an-agreement on the bill and (2) in
case it is impossible to reach an
agreement, then for the conferees to
lormally sign a disagreement so that
they may report same back to the ir
respective houses, do hereby invite the
Senate conferees to meet us in con*
ference in the House appropriation
rooms on Monday, June 1, at 10:3#
o'clock a m., or if that time is incon
venient, then at some other specified
time that will be convenient to the
Senate and House conferees."
Representative Blanton, Democrat,
of Texas, acting chairman of the
House Conference Committee, made
the letter public without comment.
Meanwhile, the Senate conferees
were preparing today to ask for Senate
action on a continuing resolution, re
affirming approval of President Roose
velt’s recommendation for a $5,700,000
lump sum as the Federal share of
the city's expenses.
A rapid series of developments late
yesterday resulted In calling off the
conferees’ meeting set for this morn
ing after Senator Thomas conferred
by telephone with Blanton.
With the Senate group standing
firmly by the administration’s budget
figure. Senator Thomas became con
vinced a further conference would
be_ futile. Accordingly, he announced
(See D. C. BILL, Page 4.) ~
Aid in Colonization and End of
Sanctions Urged by Paris
tr the Associated Press.
PARIS. May 28.—The French gov
ernment was urged by the Maritime
and Colonial League today to co
operate with Italy in colonization of
Ethiopia to preserve the economic
existence of Djibouti. Ethiopia’s ac
cess to the sea through French So
Last year’s profits on the French
controlled railway from Addis Ababa
were disclosed to have been the
greatest in its history. Heavy traffic,
due to the Italo-Ethiopian War,
brought 1935 profits of about $2,800,
A record dividend of $12 a share
was distributed.
The Maritime and Colonial League
urged an end to sanctions against
Italy and a policy of Franco-Italian
co-operation in East Africa to per
mit continuance of the Djibouti busi
ness boom.
The French association, in a meet
ing last night, also called for estab
lishment of a free-trade zone at
Djibouti as an economic aid.
Readers’ Guide
After Dark-B-14
Answers to Questions_A-10
Comics ..D-6
Cross-word Puzzle.D-6
Death Notices_A-12
Lost and Found.A-3
News Comment Features.A-11
Radio . D-5
Serial Story..C-5
Short Story_C-9
Washington Wayside.A-2
Women’s features_C-7-8-9

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