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SEEN IN20 YEARS Structural Design of Homes ■ Outstrips Advances of All Previous Time. Progress in design, durability, effi ciency of structural methods In home building today as contrasted with only 20 years ago has been as great as can be shown by any industry, when it is considered that the task of this in dustry in a single generation has been to better something that all the civili sations since the dawn of human history have been striving to improve, J. C. Nichols, Kansas City, Mo., holds, in an outline of these changes pre sented to members of the National Association of Real Estate Boards. - Mr. Nichols, vice president of the * association for the south central re gion, and recognised nationally as one pf the leading home buUders of the country, cites progress in bettered liv ing conditions in homes and apart ments, greater efficiency in commer cial structures made by the “archaic’’ building industry within the last gen eration. In bettered city planning, he emphasizes especially the lengthening of blocks in residential areas, thereby reducing the cost of street improve ments, as well as reducing the cost of future maintenance and other ex pense to the city, a movement In which the association pointed the way. And he sees here greater prog ress to come in differentiation in the widths of streets to serve their various functions, In greater variation in the size of lots and blocks. Checkerboard Plan Unwise. rruuir rurcura muvc. "The front porch, as automobile traffic became intense, moved around to the side of the house for greater privacy, and in some Instances it has now completed a half circle and finds Itself In the rear, intimately related to the garden side of the home. The design of the front door and its pedi ment is again recalling the splendid and artistic designs of early American domestic architecture. “With the advent of the compact and beautifully designed heating plants with high overhead ducts or concealed airways for air-condition ing heat, the former damp, stuffy basement, which was the catch-all storage dump for the entire house hold, has become one of the mo6t ‘aerviceable parts of the house. Work shops for the child, recreation rooms, play rooms or pingpong and card rooms have become as clean, attractive and desirable in the basement as they would be on the first floor of the house. In sections where basements .are not the custom, compact storage space combined with provision for heating plant, hot-water tanks, laun dry etc., have been worked out as part of attached garages or integral parts ef the first floor of the house itself. “We have two or more bath rooms 4vhere formerly we had only one or hone, splendid dressing rooms, win dows carefully weather-stripped and with Venetian blinds, washable walls and ceilings, Insulated to give cool ness in Summer and 'heat saving’ in Winter; clean, air-conditioned, clock controlled heat, well circulated and With much-needed humidification. Air Cooling Achieved. "Air-cooling is already here—par ticularly In commercial structures, and many realtor-builders in new structures are making provision for the later cooling when further re duced costs make it practical. “We have careful orientation of the house and an arrangement of the colorful rooms and windows to give the mo6t light, air and sunshine. “The wasted space of the old-fash toned parlor has been utilized In an all-use living room or combination living-dining room; the large ineffi cient kitchen with its ice box on the1 back porch of a few years ago has given way to a small, convenient one of Pullman-type arrangement elim inating unnecessary steps. Electrical refrigeration, ventilating fans, dish .washers, well-planned cabinets, light sockets in every conceivable place— all are common today. "Window space has been greatly in creased, carefully placed for proper Ventilation and vision. “Expensive, elaborate cornices; un necessary exterior brackets, flnlals, grills, meaningless projections and other costly ornamentation of the 80s and 90s have ben trimmed away.’’ Living Room of Gallatin Street Home This is a view of the living room of 318 Gallatin street, which is one of a group of new homes recently completed by the William H. Saunders Co. This house has been furnished by Palais Royal■ _—Star Staff Photo. BY DOROTHY DUCAS AND ELIZABETH GORDON. HOT meal for the family— without a stove! Does a “no-stove kitchen” sound impossible to you? That all depends on how closely you have been following the “no-stove” movement. For there’s a whole school of home economists who are for replacing stoves by special cooking equipment designed to cook particular items on the menu: Asparagus steamers, muffin bakers and roasters—all independently run by electricity. During the hot Summer, this revolutionary theory seems quite desirable. The latest gadget is a roaster-and baker in one. In can turn out the Sunday chicken browned to a crisp, make a lamb stew, steam your vege tables, fry pancackes, or bake a pud ding. With this handy automatic cooking utensil and a percolator, any woman can prepare a complete meal. Kitchen economists say every woman will have half a dozen such implements in the kitchen of the future and the old-fashioned stove as we know it—a heating unit for everything we eat—won’t be made. The roaster-and-baker has the usual advantage of electrical cookery; you can use half as much current and the insulated cooking-tub, which is what it really is, will stay hot enough to keep up the cooking process. It won't heat up the kitchen, either, so it saves more money in not forcing the refrigerator and electric fan to work overtime. Meat cooked in these waterless utensils are said to shrink only half as much as under ordinary heat and there are, of course, no greasy fumes. Instead of heating up the oven first, as we old-fashioned cooks were taught to do you put the meat into a cold oven and cook with lower temperature. It's the high temperature that shrinks meat. You don’t need any special place to sit the roaster and an ordinary wall plug such as that to which you hitch your radio or bridge lamp will supply the current. A red signal light flashes on when the inside of the roaster reaches the temperature set on the thermostat, telling you to stop wasting your money—the oven’s hot enough. r ~ This new cooker has a buffeteria at tachment. which will keep cooked food hot and tasty—an excellent Sunday morning breakfast >iea. * * * * TF YOU haven’t planned the doors of your new house yet, consider fireproof wood. We have just learned all about the process which makes wood most lnflamable of building materials, real fire barriers and smoke stops. It seems foolish to use any thing else, once you know about the Increased safety fire-retardant wood can give. Some years ago a fire broke out in a skyscraper apartment above the Hudson River. The man trapped in the room could not reach his door to the corridor and took refuge from the smoke in his bath room, which had only a window to the outdoors. The fire burned itself out. but never touched the bath room. He learned later that the wood of the door lead ing to the bath room had been im pregnated with chemicals, which made it capable of standing the one-hour in-flames test of the Underwriter’s Laboratories. Wood is the most easily obtainable and most generally admired material for houses known to the modern world; its one great defect has been its combustibility. As early as the fourth century, B.C., methods of fire proofing wood were sought—Aeneas recommended using vinegar. But now by means of a vacuum pressure Im pregnation process, you can make wood fire-resistant, to the extent that material so treated can, for some time, withstand fire and prevent the passage of smoke and flame. Of course, it costs more than ordi nary wood, but safety never comes cheap. IS IT Spring-cleaning time in your 1 cellar? Have you taken a look at your no-longer-ln-use furnace? This is the season of the year when you should recondition your firebox, per haps even buy a new one, which will save you money and headaches next Winter. Fireboxes properly designed for whatever type of fire you have in your furnace often make the differ ence between comfort and discomfort in cold weather. The chamber should be a shape best suited to the flame. It should be designed to work more hours not at top speed, than fewer hours at full steam ahead. It should be of the right size for your system, whether that be an elaborate steam or hot-water affair or a pipeless hot air system. They are particularly important if you burn oil. Have some one come and look at your boiler or furnace now, while the sun supplies all the heat <and more) that you need. It may only need a new lining. But if you need a fire box, one of the ready-made or pre cast combustion chambers are recom mended instead of the old type. These ready-made affairs, come in flexible shapes and can be installed exactly to suit your needs. They heat more quickly because they have thinner walls, and are made of lighter mater ial. which is also a better heat insul ator. Of course, this is a job you can’t do yourself, unless there's a pretty clever handyman around your house. But your own heating contractor or oil burner dealer can do this in a twinkling, and you'll be ahead as much as 20 per cent on next Winter’s fuel bills. Editors Note: For further infor mation about any of these prod ucts, write to ‘ Designed for Living.” care of The star, and inclose a stamped envelope. -• PAINT SALES INCREASE March Figure la 12.6 Pet. Above That for Same Month in 1035. Paint, varnish and lacquer sales showed an increase of 12.6 per cent for March, 1936. over the same month a year ago, according to data reported to the Bureau of the Census by 579 identical establishments. The first three months of 1936 ex ceeded the sales fdr the same period a year ago by 7.8 per cent, for 1934 by 23.2 per cent and for 1933 by 102.6 per cent. The trade sales of paint, varnish and lacquer for March of this year amounted to *28, 793,204, while Industrial sales amount ed to (24,492,271, and unclassified sales totaled *22,688,321. X NEW BRICK HOMES ♦ + In University Park. Md. ▼ A On Washington Blvd., one mile past ♦ ▲ Hyattsville. 6 and 7 rooms, all + X modern conveniences. Slate roofs, + hot-water heat, with oil burner; ▲ brick garage: one and two baths: ^ large lots. Corner Cecil Ave. and A Weils Rd. Electric kitchen. ^ S12 E. Madison St. ♦ ♦ Riverdale. Md. 7-room frame cot- ♦ ttage. with garage; good condition; J price. #3.250.00. Easy terms. ♦ X NEW BRICK HOMES X Now beta* built. Baltimore and 4 Chestnut Sts. Takoma Park. Md. ^ Thoroughly modern: 0 and 7 rooms* I 2 two baths; oil burner: garages. T ! The Power# Co. f Contractor, and Builder*. a 1; UnlTerilt* Park. Md. ^ X Greenwood 137a Sheri Herd 2038. + MINIMUM ROUSE PLANNED BY F. HA Living Room, Dining Room and Kitchen Combined in Single Space. In the Federal Housing Adminis tration's Technical Bulletin No. 4, on principles of planning small homes, house A represents about the mini mum In accommodations consist ent with decent living. In paring the house down to a minimum, the relative Importance of the various functions of living were carefully weighed and listed in the order of their importance. It was decided that the most essen tial were the privacy and adequacy of sleeping accommodations. There fore, the bed rooms were given first consideration. They were designed for the needs of their occupants for cross ventilation and closet room. The bath room was so located that access to It from the bed rooms was through the small bed room hall without passing through any other room. One Large Boom Provided. It was decided that the functions of the living room, dining room and kitchen could be combined Into one space without violating the essentials of decent living. Therefore, one com paratively large room was designed for these purposes. It is not the Intention of the Federal Housing Ad ministration to advocate this combi nation as desirable, but in seeking the lowest cost It is considered per missible. The plan is so laid out that, if desired, a partition could be built cut ting this space in two, with the living room on the right and the combined kitchen and dining area on the left. Economies Studied. Having decided upon the accom modations necessary, atructural econ omies were studied. The plain rec tangular plan, with intermediate par titions so placed as to allow standard lengths of lumber to be used with a minimum of extra framing reduces waste to a minimum. A variety of exterior treatments are possible by the use of different mate rials and by changing the direction of the ridge of the roof, which may run either from side to side or from front to rear. Soaps Leave No “Bings.” “Soapless soaps" which leave no “rings" are now on the retail market. They produce quick suds, even in cold, hard water, banish soap scum, rinse Instantly, are offered In two forms: one for washing silks, woolens; one for shampoos. 1 Cellars Become Hobby Rooms At Hands of Skillful Artists ipseUl Dispatch to Tht Star. NEW YORK, May 30.—Many new and Ingenious Ideas for decorating the cellar are being seen this Spring In metropolitan suburban homes and even In Manhattan, where there are more of the smaller type houses than one would Imagine. Dusty spaces, once dedicated to coal and spiders, are blossoming forth under the magic of cleanliness, partitions and paint as hobby rooms, gymnasiums, card and ping pong rooms, clotteries and chil dren’s play rooms. Some of these ideas are set forth In an Interesting exhibition of minia ture basements constructed by stu dents of the New York School of Fine and Applied Arte. Thirty-six of these, cleverly decorated, have just been shown to the New York public prior to a tour of the principal cities of the country. Supplementing the tiny rooms art “before” photographs, floor plans of actual basements and budgets of renovation costs. White or very light tinted walls are favored most for the basement rooms because they help to make them seem bright and cheerful. For the trim, such colon as "electric” blue, lacquer red and Spring green are effective. Floors painted terra cotta, gray, dark green or brown are practical as well as pleasing to the eye. It Is really astonishing what trans formations can be accomplished with a little effort and Ingenuity. One dusty and unkempt cellar was turned Into a rainy day play room tor children with a gaily painted sand box, & swing and a small slide. Walls of bright yellow brought artificial sunlight into the interior. MORE THAN FAD Air-Conditioning Protects Mer chants' Stock and Helps’ Health. The modem craze for air-condition ing la more than just a fad. Perhaps its importance and benefits have been exaggerated in some directions, but in some respects its advantages have been only partially appreciated. For example, for its use in stores only the comfort of the customers has been emphasized, and even that has been more or less confined to the Summer cooling phase of air-conditioning. But this is probably its least im portant benefit. The all-year-round cleansing of the air reduces the dust that is stirred up by the moving of the customers’ feet upon the floors and, consequently, spares the stock the necessity of catching it all as it settles; the removal of the soporific effect of bad air upon the employes by the purification and humidification of the air in Winter increases their efficiency and hence their sales. j— Another room took the older boy* Into account and was equipped with a work bench, cupboards for base ball bats, hockey sticks and other athletic equipment. A study nook was added, with a desk and built-in settee. For the devotee of the “daily doasen,” a cellar gymnasium will prove a joy and delight. For the man who makes model ships or aeroplanes In his spare time, a convenient hobby room can be made, equipped with a bench and nearby shelves to display his handi craft. Still another good use to which extra cellar space can be devoted Is a “clothery.” This, in other words, is a household valet shop in which the housewife can keep sewing ma chine and mending material* a* well u laundry equipment. An attractive setting for a card room was suggested in one of the model rooms, by the construction of a pent house terrace. This was ac complished by the use of a picket fence that lines the wall. Windows with shutters snd flower boxes sug gest an outside wall. The posts sup port gay umbrellas. Reclining deck chairs and green fiber rugs contribute greatly to the illusion. FRESHENING CLOSETS ' Closets and shelves may be fresh ened up with the use of wallpaper or paint. Contrasting colon that will emphasize the decorations of the room may be effected. Plain papers in closets of rooms with figured designs and flowered papers in rooms with plain walls are particularly good. Small designs, of course, should be used for shelves. Rooms may be repapered under the terms of the Federal Housing Ad ministration’s modernization credit Plan. $35 rer Month Buys a 5-Room Bungalow Ha* been completely and care fully reconditioned throughout. Lot _ 50x150. Garage. Near public and parochial achools. $5,500-00 AFTER DOWN PAY ' V®/ • MENT. *38.00 PER Ell A month pats inter silcfr E8T phincipal. MORTGAGi TAXES AND INS UR SVSTfM ANCE. NO COMMIS SION OR RENEWALS. 3629 37th St. N.E. 1 Bloch From But and Car Lino «it Rhode 1 eland Ave. N.E. to th St. Right 1 block to houie. OPEN DAILY 10 to 9 HARRY WARDMAN, Inc. 1512 K DI. 3830 is different..... 208 KENNEDY DRIVE The Prestige has its own golf course, lending a distinction to Kenwood that is not found in the usual community of homes. • ' At Kenwood you may enjoy a round of twilight golf and a cool swim before a pleasant dinner on the club porch overlooking the close clipped greens. If you live in Kenwood your children may be entertained with tennis, golf and swim ming, the latter in a most modern and sanitary pool with every safeguard. These added facilities become a part of your daily life and enjoyment when you purchase in Kenwood. The present price of home sites is exceedingly low. Investigate. The above home will be open for display from 10 a. m. to dark Saturday and Sunday; other days by appointment. CHARLES H. JERMAN ft SAMUEL H. MUMFORD, SALES KENWOOD OFFICE: KENNEDY DRIVE AND CHAMBERLIN AVE. Wisconsin 4425 To retch Kenwood, drive on/ Connecticut or Wisconsin Avenues to Bradley Lane, west on Bradley Lane to Kenwood entrance, turn left on Kennedy Drive to bouse or drive out Wisconsin Avenue to Somerset, west on Dorset Avenue to Kennedy Drive and riibt 2 blocks to home. =========== Hi 1 1 I COLONIAL HEIGHTS, VA. r ,«m JVU1 -. .I; 1- wywff.., ■■.'jrW.Jg.'" ,W| , 1 Brand-New Corner Detached Brick 20th and Ode Sts. North Two Bedrooms—Recreation Room—Oil Burner— Electric Refrigeration—Brick Garage An AU-Bectric Home (D. C. P. E. P. Co. rates.) Situated on a hlfh eleva tion overlooking the river and Virginia hills; beautifully landscaped lot 50x140. It is an individually designed home completely equipped; having Western Electric range and water heater. Westinghouse refrigerator, screens weatherstrips, oil burner. First floor has large living room with open flre 8lace and built-in bookcases, dining room, kitchen and dinette. Second oor has two attractive bedrooms, bath and porch; has a lovely recreation room with open fireplace; alto a detached brick carafe to match house. Open Saturday Afternoon and All Day Sunday 1*7 QPA Drive across Keg Bridge thru Rosslgn. turn sharp right et fljvvv Amoco gas station; on North Keg Blvd. follow direction arrows to Ode St.. North and turn right on Ode St. to 20th St. and house> L. T. GRAVATTE 729 15th St. Realtor National 0753 13 SOLD—ONLY 2 LEFT I INSPECT AND SEE WHY Exhibit Home 3149 Adams Mill Rd. N.W. This Is the Second and Last Group of These Homes Facing ROCK CREEK PARK No more ground avail able in this location. Only 10 minutes From Downtown 6 Large Rooms — 2 Tile Baths f °mooEiin 1 Extra Large Recreation Rm. - , . . Rock Creek $10,950 ays* OPEN DAILY AND SUNDAY TO 9 PAL <rTH ROCKM<!lpTOir-> District 6092 Investment Bldg. -S' .^-1 FOR SALE-A SEMINARY HILL HOME — KING STREET EXTENDED— The Rambling Residence Has a Lovely View 12 room?, bath (space for additional baths), gas, elec., city water; 2-car garase. Suitable for Residence, Small School, Club or Guest House SITUATED ON A THREE-ACRE LAWN Additional Acreage Available FRANCES POWELL HILL 1811 Connecticut Are. Decatur 3122. Week Days. Clarendon 1.132. Sunday. ALEXANDRIA, VA.—$6,750 . ■■■*»■■ ■ i ..■■ —m 1 1 *1 40 Alexandria Avenue • 3 Bed rooms • Lot 50x130 • Open fireplace • Large living room • Built-in garage • Beautiful shade trees • Fully insulated OPEN DAILY AND SUNDAY UNTIL 8 To Reach: Drive out Russell Road to Alexandria Avenue; ,-2 block east to house. GROVER H. DODD, Owner and Builder Phone Alexandria 40-F-ll ————————■ WARDMAN BUILDS MORE LOW-PRICED HOMES 35 Sold in This New Group ' “There has been no greater curse In our city building than strict ad herence to a checkerboard, standard ized street plan providing no circum ferential, diagonal or main highways, and failing to recognize topography and the wide variance of street needs and functions," he says. "Fortunately most of our communities are still small. The skeletons of our cities are still plastic and permit re-dlrection in conformity with the future needs of the larger cities which they aspire to be.” As to the broad scope of progress he says: “Consider the present simplified architectural style of a home; the conveniences and equipment, as com pared with homes of even 20 years ago. Note the improvement in land scape development; note the parks and playgrounds which are the lungs of M town. * “The old narrow 20 or 25 foot lot, unmercifully crowding the houses to gether on the street, is largely a thing of the past. The unsightly alley has largely gone; the offensive stables dis appeared with the passing of the horse. The garage took its place at the rear, and gradually as we knew it better, it moved up and attached itself to the house, or actually moved into the house. These Larger Houses Have SIX ROOMS—2 BATHS AND RECREATION ROOM —Note the Construction— All Brick, Furred Wells, Bronze Screens, Weather stripped. Stone Retaining Wall, Paved Alley, Built-in Garage and Heated Recreation Room. *7,250 »*7,450 I™——————— 11 —I AFTER DOWN PAYMENT, $50.00 PER’ MONTH PAYS INTEREST, PRINCI PAL, TAXES and INSURANCE—NO COMMISSION or RENEWALS. Sample House Open Daily, 9 to 9 620 Powhatan Place N.W. Out 7th St. N.W. to 6000 Block, Turn Right to House—Schools (public and parochial) ora within 3 Mocks. Bus and car lino service and a 20 acra public playground with swimming pool make this location preteroble. HARRY WARDMAN. INC. 1512 K St. N.W. Dl. 3830 "Life's Worth Living in a Wardman Home" .