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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 30, 1936, Image 19

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Structural Design of Homes
■ Outstrips Advances of
All Previous Time.
Progress in design, durability, effi
ciency of structural methods In home
building today as contrasted with only
20 years ago has been as great as can
be shown by any industry, when it is
considered that the task of this in
dustry in a single generation has been
to better something that all the civili
sations since the dawn of human
history have been striving to improve,
J. C. Nichols, Kansas City, Mo., holds,
in an outline of these changes pre
sented to members of the National
Association of Real Estate Boards.
- Mr. Nichols, vice president of the
* association for the south central re
gion, and recognised nationally as one
pf the leading home buUders of the
country, cites progress in bettered liv
ing conditions in homes and apart
ments, greater efficiency in commer
cial structures made by the “archaic’’
building industry within the last gen
eration. In bettered city planning, he
emphasizes especially the lengthening
of blocks in residential areas, thereby
reducing the cost of street improve
ments, as well as reducing the cost of
future maintenance and other ex
pense to the city, a movement In
which the association pointed the
way. And he sees here greater prog
ress to come in differentiation in the
widths of streets to serve their various
functions, In greater variation in the
size of lots and blocks.
Checkerboard Plan Unwise.
rruuir rurcura muvc.
"The front porch, as automobile
traffic became intense, moved around
to the side of the house for greater
privacy, and in some Instances it has
now completed a half circle and finds
Itself In the rear, intimately related
to the garden side of the home. The
design of the front door and its pedi
ment is again recalling the splendid
and artistic designs of early American
domestic architecture.
“With the advent of the compact
and beautifully designed heating
plants with high overhead ducts or
concealed airways for air-condition
ing heat, the former damp, stuffy
basement, which was the catch-all
storage dump for the entire house
hold, has become one of the mo6t
‘aerviceable parts of the house. Work
shops for the child, recreation rooms,
play rooms or pingpong and card
rooms have become as clean, attractive
and desirable in the basement as they
would be on the first floor of the
house. In sections where basements
.are not the custom, compact storage
space combined with provision for
heating plant, hot-water tanks, laun
dry etc., have been worked out as part
of attached garages or integral parts
ef the first floor of the house itself.
“We have two or more bath rooms
4vhere formerly we had only one or
hone, splendid dressing rooms, win
dows carefully weather-stripped and
with Venetian blinds, washable walls
and ceilings, Insulated to give cool
ness in Summer and 'heat saving’ in
Winter; clean, air-conditioned, clock
controlled heat, well circulated and
With much-needed humidification.
Air Cooling Achieved.
"Air-cooling is already here—par
ticularly In commercial structures,
and many realtor-builders in new
structures are making provision for
the later cooling when further re
duced costs make it practical.
“We have careful orientation of the
house and an arrangement of the
colorful rooms and windows to give
the mo6t light, air and sunshine.
“The wasted space of the old-fash
toned parlor has been utilized In an
all-use living room or combination
living-dining room; the large ineffi
cient kitchen with its ice box on the1
back porch of a few years ago has
given way to a small, convenient one
of Pullman-type arrangement elim
inating unnecessary steps. Electrical
refrigeration, ventilating fans, dish
.washers, well-planned cabinets, light
sockets in every conceivable place—
all are common today.
"Window space has been greatly in
creased, carefully placed for proper
Ventilation and vision.
“Expensive, elaborate cornices; un
necessary exterior brackets, flnlals,
grills, meaningless projections and
other costly ornamentation of the 80s
and 90s have ben trimmed away.’’
Living Room of Gallatin Street Home
This is a view of the living room of 318 Gallatin street, which is one of a group of new homes
recently completed by the William H. Saunders Co. This house has been furnished by Palais
Royal■ _—Star Staff Photo.
HOT meal for the family—
without a stove!
Does a “no-stove kitchen”
sound impossible to you?
That all depends on how closely you
have been following the “no-stove”
For there’s a whole school of home
economists who are for replacing
stoves by special cooking equipment
designed to cook particular items on
the menu: Asparagus steamers, muffin
bakers and roasters—all independently
run by electricity. During the hot
Summer, this revolutionary theory
seems quite desirable.
The latest gadget is a roaster-and
baker in one. In can turn out the
Sunday chicken browned to a crisp,
make a lamb stew, steam your vege
tables, fry pancackes, or bake a pud
ding. With this handy automatic
cooking utensil and a percolator, any
woman can prepare a complete meal.
Kitchen economists say every
woman will have half a dozen such
implements in the kitchen of the
future and the old-fashioned stove
as we know it—a heating unit for
everything we eat—won’t be made.
The roaster-and-baker has the usual
advantage of electrical cookery; you
can use half as much current and
the insulated cooking-tub, which is
what it really is, will stay hot enough
to keep up the cooking process. It
won't heat up the kitchen, either, so
it saves more money in not forcing
the refrigerator and electric fan to
work overtime.
Meat cooked in these waterless
utensils are said to shrink only half
as much as under ordinary heat and
there are, of course, no greasy fumes.
Instead of heating up the oven first,
as we old-fashioned cooks were taught
to do you put the meat into a cold
oven and cook with lower temperature.
It's the high temperature that shrinks
You don’t need any special place
to sit the roaster and an ordinary
wall plug such as that to which you
hitch your radio or bridge lamp will
supply the current. A red signal
light flashes on when the inside of
the roaster reaches the temperature
set on the thermostat, telling you to
stop wasting your money—the oven’s
hot enough.
r ~
This new cooker has a buffeteria at
tachment. which will keep cooked
food hot and tasty—an excellent
Sunday morning breakfast >iea.
* * * *
TF YOU haven’t planned the doors
of your new house yet, consider
fireproof wood. We have just learned
all about the process which makes
wood most lnflamable of building
materials, real fire barriers and smoke
stops. It seems foolish to use any
thing else, once you know about the
Increased safety fire-retardant wood
can give.
Some years ago a fire broke out
in a skyscraper apartment above the
Hudson River. The man trapped in
the room could not reach his door
to the corridor and took refuge from
the smoke in his bath room, which
had only a window to the outdoors.
The fire burned itself out. but never
touched the bath room. He learned
later that the wood of the door lead
ing to the bath room had been im
pregnated with chemicals, which made
it capable of standing the one-hour
in-flames test of the Underwriter’s
Wood is the most easily obtainable
and most generally admired material
for houses known to the modern
world; its one great defect has been
its combustibility. As early as the
fourth century, B.C., methods of fire
proofing wood were sought—Aeneas
recommended using vinegar. But now
by means of a vacuum pressure Im
pregnation process, you can make
wood fire-resistant, to the extent that
material so treated can, for some
time, withstand fire and prevent the
passage of smoke and flame.
Of course, it costs more than ordi
nary wood, but safety never comes
IS IT Spring-cleaning time in your
1 cellar? Have you taken a look at
your no-longer-ln-use furnace? This
is the season of the year when you
should recondition your firebox, per
haps even buy a new one, which will
save you money and headaches next
Fireboxes properly designed for
whatever type of fire you have in
your furnace often make the differ
ence between comfort and discomfort
in cold weather. The chamber should
be a shape best suited to the flame.
It should be designed to work more
hours not at top speed, than fewer
hours at full steam ahead. It should
be of the right size for your system,
whether that be an elaborate steam
or hot-water affair or a pipeless hot
air system. They are particularly
important if you burn oil.
Have some one come and look at
your boiler or furnace now, while the
sun supplies all the heat <and more)
that you need. It may only need a
new lining. But if you need a fire
box, one of the ready-made or pre
cast combustion chambers are recom
mended instead of the old type. These
ready-made affairs, come in flexible
shapes and can be installed exactly
to suit your needs. They heat more
quickly because they have thinner
walls, and are made of lighter mater
ial. which is also a better heat insul
ator. Of course, this is a job you can’t
do yourself, unless there's a pretty
clever handyman around your house.
But your own heating contractor or
oil burner dealer can do this in a
twinkling, and you'll be ahead as
much as 20 per cent on next Winter’s
fuel bills.
Editors Note: For further infor
mation about any of these prod
ucts, write to ‘ Designed for Living.”
care of The star, and inclose a
stamped envelope.
March Figure la 12.6 Pet. Above
That for Same Month in 1035.
Paint, varnish and lacquer sales
showed an increase of 12.6 per cent
for March, 1936. over the same month
a year ago, according to data reported
to the Bureau of the Census by 579
identical establishments.
The first three months of 1936 ex
ceeded the sales fdr the same period
a year ago by 7.8 per cent, for 1934
by 23.2 per cent and for 1933 by
102.6 per cent. The trade sales of
paint, varnish and lacquer for
March of this year amounted to *28,
793,204, while Industrial sales amount
ed to (24,492,271, and unclassified
sales totaled *22,688,321.
+ In University Park. Md. ▼
A On Washington Blvd., one mile past ♦
▲ Hyattsville. 6 and 7 rooms, all +
X modern conveniences. Slate roofs, +
hot-water heat, with oil burner; ▲
brick garage: one and two baths: ^
large lots. Corner Cecil Ave. and A
Weils Rd. Electric kitchen. ^
S12 E. Madison St. ♦
♦ Riverdale. Md. 7-room frame cot- ♦
ttage. with garage; good condition; J
price. #3.250.00. Easy terms. ♦
Now beta* built. Baltimore and 4
Chestnut Sts. Takoma Park. Md. ^
Thoroughly modern: 0 and 7 rooms* I
2 two baths; oil burner: garages. T
! The Power# Co. f
Contractor, and Builder*. a
1; UnlTerilt* Park. Md. ^
X Greenwood 137a Sheri Herd 2038. +
Living Room, Dining Room
and Kitchen Combined
in Single Space.
In the Federal Housing Adminis
tration's Technical Bulletin No. 4, on
principles of planning small homes,
house A represents about the mini
mum In accommodations consist
ent with decent living.
In paring the house down to a
minimum, the relative Importance of
the various functions of living were
carefully weighed and listed in the
order of their importance.
It was decided that the most essen
tial were the privacy and adequacy
of sleeping accommodations. There
fore, the bed rooms were given first
consideration. They were designed
for the needs of their occupants for
cross ventilation and closet room.
The bath room was so located that
access to It from the bed rooms was
through the small bed room hall
without passing through any other
One Large Boom Provided.
It was decided that the functions
of the living room, dining room and
kitchen could be combined Into one
space without violating the essentials
of decent living. Therefore, one com
paratively large room was designed
for these purposes. It is not the
Intention of the Federal Housing Ad
ministration to advocate this combi
nation as desirable, but in seeking
the lowest cost It is considered per
The plan is so laid out that, if
desired, a partition could be built cut
ting this space in two, with the living
room on the right and the combined
kitchen and dining area on the left.
Economies Studied.
Having decided upon the accom
modations necessary, atructural econ
omies were studied. The plain rec
tangular plan, with intermediate par
titions so placed as to allow standard
lengths of lumber to be used with a
minimum of extra framing reduces
waste to a minimum.
A variety of exterior treatments are
possible by the use of different mate
rials and by changing the direction
of the ridge of the roof, which may
run either from side to side or from
front to rear.
Soaps Leave No “Bings.”
“Soapless soaps" which leave no
“rings" are now on the retail market.
They produce quick suds, even in cold,
hard water, banish soap scum, rinse
Instantly, are offered In two forms:
one for washing silks, woolens; one
for shampoos.
Cellars Become Hobby Rooms
At Hands of Skillful Artists
ipseUl Dispatch to Tht Star.
NEW YORK, May 30.—Many new
and Ingenious Ideas for decorating the
cellar are being seen this Spring In
metropolitan suburban homes and
even In Manhattan, where there are
more of the smaller type houses than
one would Imagine. Dusty spaces,
once dedicated to coal and spiders,
are blossoming forth under the magic
of cleanliness, partitions and paint as
hobby rooms, gymnasiums, card and
ping pong rooms, clotteries and chil
dren’s play rooms.
Some of these ideas are set forth
In an Interesting exhibition of minia
ture basements constructed by stu
dents of the New York School of Fine
and Applied Arte. Thirty-six of these,
cleverly decorated, have just been
shown to the New York public prior to
a tour of the principal cities of the
country. Supplementing the tiny
rooms art “before” photographs, floor
plans of actual basements and budgets
of renovation costs.
White or very light tinted walls are
favored most for the basement rooms
because they help to make them seem
bright and cheerful. For the trim,
such colon as "electric” blue, lacquer
red and Spring green are effective.
Floors painted terra cotta, gray, dark
green or brown are practical as well
as pleasing to the eye.
It Is really astonishing what trans
formations can be accomplished with a
little effort and Ingenuity. One dusty
and unkempt cellar was turned Into
a rainy day play room tor children
with a gaily painted sand box, & swing
and a small slide. Walls of bright
yellow brought artificial sunlight into
the interior.
Air-Conditioning Protects Mer
chants' Stock and Helps’ Health.
The modem craze for air-condition
ing la more than just a fad. Perhaps
its importance and benefits have been
exaggerated in some directions, but
in some respects its advantages have
been only partially appreciated. For
example, for its use in stores only
the comfort of the customers has been
emphasized, and even that has been
more or less confined to the Summer
cooling phase of air-conditioning.
But this is probably its least im
portant benefit. The all-year-round
cleansing of the air reduces the dust
that is stirred up by the moving of
the customers’ feet upon the floors
and, consequently, spares the stock
the necessity of catching it all as it
settles; the removal of the soporific
effect of bad air upon the employes
by the purification and humidification
of the air in Winter increases their
efficiency and hence their sales.
Another room took the older boy*
Into account and was equipped with
a work bench, cupboards for base ball
bats, hockey sticks and other athletic
equipment. A study nook was added,
with a desk and built-in settee.
For the devotee of the “daily doasen,”
a cellar gymnasium will prove a joy
and delight. For the man who makes
model ships or aeroplanes In his spare
time, a convenient hobby room can be
made, equipped with a bench and
nearby shelves to display his handi
craft. Still another good use to which
extra cellar space can be devoted Is
a “clothery.” This, in other words,
is a household valet shop in which
the housewife can keep sewing ma
chine and mending material* a* well
u laundry equipment.
An attractive setting for a card
room was suggested in one of the
model rooms, by the construction of
a pent house terrace. This was ac
complished by the use of a picket
fence that lines the wall. Windows
with shutters snd flower boxes sug
gest an outside wall. The posts sup
port gay umbrellas. Reclining deck
chairs and green fiber rugs contribute
greatly to the illusion.
' Closets and shelves may be fresh
ened up with the use of wallpaper
or paint. Contrasting colon that will
emphasize the decorations of the room
may be effected.
Plain papers in closets of rooms
with figured designs and flowered
papers in rooms with plain walls are
particularly good. Small designs, of
course, should be used for shelves.
Rooms may be repapered under the
terms of the Federal Housing Ad
ministration’s modernization credit
$35 rer Month
Buys a 5-Room
Ha* been completely and care
fully reconditioned throughout.
Lot _ 50x150. Garage. Near
public and parochial achools.
' V®/ • MENT. *38.00 PER
Ell A month pats inter
silcfr E8T phincipal.
3629 37th St. N.E.
1 Bloch From But and Car Lino
«it Rhode 1 eland Ave. N.E. to
th St. Right 1 block to houie.
OPEN DAILY 10 to 9
1512 K DI. 3830
is different.....
The Prestige has its own golf course, lending a distinction to Kenwood that is not found
in the usual community of homes. • '
At Kenwood you may enjoy a round of twilight golf and a cool swim before a pleasant
dinner on the club porch overlooking the close clipped greens.
If you live in Kenwood your children may be entertained with tennis, golf and swim
ming, the latter in a most modern and sanitary pool with every safeguard. These added
facilities become a part of your daily life and enjoyment when you purchase in
The present price of home sites is exceedingly low. Investigate.
The above home will be open for display from 10 a. m. to dark Saturday and Sunday;
other days by appointment.
Wisconsin 4425
To retch Kenwood, drive on/ Connecticut or Wisconsin Avenues to Bradley Lane, west on
Bradley Lane to Kenwood entrance, turn left on Kennedy Drive to bouse or drive out Wisconsin
Avenue to Somerset, west on Dorset Avenue to Kennedy Drive and riibt 2 blocks to home.
=========== Hi 1 1
r ,«m JVU1 -. .I; 1- wywff.., ■■.'jrW.Jg.'" ,W| , 1
Brand-New Corner Detached Brick
20th and Ode Sts. North
Two Bedrooms—Recreation Room—Oil Burner—
Electric Refrigeration—Brick Garage
An AU-Bectric Home (D. C. P. E. P. Co. rates.) Situated on a hlfh eleva
tion overlooking the river and Virginia hills; beautifully landscaped lot
50x140. It is an individually designed home completely equipped; having
Western Electric range and water heater. Westinghouse refrigerator, screens
weatherstrips, oil burner. First floor has large living room with open flre
8lace and built-in bookcases, dining room, kitchen and dinette. Second
oor has two attractive bedrooms, bath and porch; has a lovely recreation
room with open fireplace; alto a detached brick carafe to match house.
Open Saturday Afternoon and All Day Sunday
1*7 QPA Drive across Keg Bridge thru Rosslgn. turn sharp right et
fljvvv Amoco gas station; on North Keg Blvd. follow direction
arrows to Ode St.. North and turn right on Ode St. to 20th St. and house>
729 15th St. Realtor National 0753
Exhibit Home 3149 Adams Mill Rd. N.W.
This Is the Second and Last Group of These Homes Facing
No more ground avail
able in this location.
Only 10 minutes
From Downtown
6 Large Rooms
— 2 Tile Baths
f °mooEiin 1
Extra Large
Recreation Rm.
- , . . Rock Creek
$10,950 ays*
<rTH ROCKM<!lpTOir->
District 6092 Investment Bldg.
-S' .^-1
The Rambling Residence Has a Lovely View
12 room?, bath (space for additional baths), gas, elec., city water; 2-car garase.
Suitable for Residence, Small School, Club or Guest House
Additional Acreage Available
1811 Connecticut Are. Decatur 3122. Week Days. Clarendon 1.132. Sunday.
. ■■■*»■■ ■ i ..■■ —m 1 1 *1
40 Alexandria Avenue
• 3 Bed rooms • Lot 50x130
• Open fireplace • Large living room
• Built-in garage • Beautiful shade trees
• Fully insulated
To Reach: Drive out Russell Road to
Alexandria Avenue; ,-2 block east to house.
GROVER H. DODD, Owner and Builder
Phone Alexandria 40-F-ll
35 Sold in This New Group
' “There has been no greater curse
In our city building than strict ad
herence to a checkerboard, standard
ized street plan providing no circum
ferential, diagonal or main highways,
and failing to recognize topography
and the wide variance of street needs
and functions," he says. "Fortunately
most of our communities are still
small. The skeletons of our cities are
still plastic and permit re-dlrection
in conformity with the future needs
of the larger cities which they aspire
to be.”
As to the broad scope of progress
he says:
“Consider the present simplified
architectural style of a home; the
conveniences and equipment, as com
pared with homes of even 20 years
ago. Note the improvement in land
scape development; note the parks and
playgrounds which are the lungs of
M town.
* “The old narrow 20 or 25 foot lot,
unmercifully crowding the houses to
gether on the street, is largely a thing
of the past. The unsightly alley has
largely gone; the offensive stables dis
appeared with the passing of the horse.
The garage took its place at the rear,
and gradually as we knew it better, it
moved up and attached itself to the
house, or actually moved into the
These Larger Houses Have
—Note the Construction—
All Brick, Furred Wells, Bronze Screens, Weather
stripped. Stone Retaining Wall, Paved Alley, Built-in
Garage and Heated Recreation Room.
*7,250 »*7,450
I™——————— 11 —I
Sample House Open Daily, 9 to 9
620 Powhatan Place N.W.
Out 7th St. N.W. to 6000 Block, Turn Right to House—Schools (public
and parochial) ora within 3 Mocks. Bus and car lino service and a 20
acra public playground with swimming pool make this location preteroble.
1512 K St. N.W. Dl. 3830
"Life's Worth Living in a Wardman Home"

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