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Three Public Affairs Insti tute Speakers Discuss Situation. Be the Associated Press. CHARLOTTESVILLE, Vs.. July 18. —foie third party movement In the November election was discussed at the close of the Tenth Public Affairs In stitute at the University of Virjftnia today by three speakers, each of whom pointed a way he said would lead from Insecurity and scarcity to pros neritv and abundance. Howard Y. Williams ot 8t. Paul, Minn., national organizer of the Parmer-Labor Political Federation, pictured his party on the threshold of a crusade for an '‘economy of abund ance.” He spoke to the tost meeting of the round table on ‘‘The American Politi cal Scene for 1936.” Ben Howe, chairman of the City Fusion party of New York, expressed belief in "What the Republicans and Democrats have been saying about each other,” and asked what is to be done about it. He charged that "We are too cowardly” to let a political economy “that squares with the facts j be gorn.” Alfred Gingham, editor of Com munacuoc, *au ovw ***»““* ham. former Senator from Connecti cut, who spoke last night and was In the audience this morning, said that •‘the problem before civilisation today 1* whether or not it can build an economic system that will work, in place of the capitalistic aystem that is breaking down.” Mistake Toward Youth. The view of the educator was ex pressed by Dr. Alexander Meikeljohn. director of the San Francisco School of Social Studies, who in addressing an open forum on "Perennial Educa tion," charged the conservative busi ness man and the radical reformer commonly make the same mistake— "Both of them wish to use the teach ing of youth to serve their own im mediate and temporary interests.” Williams said that “With evidence of a close race between the Republi cans and Democrats in the next Con gress, the Farmer-Labor parties of Minnesota and other States are con centrating on the election of at least 25 third-party Congressmen in the 1936 campaign, and believe the num ber may run up to 40 or 50. "This group of Farmer-Labor Con gressmen with a program of produc tion for use may actually hold the balance of power in the next Con gress and by their votes bargain for their demands and force the next ! President to the left. This will be the ! most important contribution that can come out of the 1936 election. "The profit system is rapidly dis integrating and only a national Farmer-Labor party committed to a people's front, similar to that in Prance and Spain, can stop war and Fascist dictatorship for America.” Howe contended that "we are visibly approaching a tragedy of the first magnitude because we talk and talk and don't say what we are talking about. We are lost in the labyrinth of these paradoxical involvements, where everybody talks and nobody listens. "Everybody is accusing everybody else of being criminally anti-social when everybody else knows few are criminally anti-social outside of jails.” Bingham argued that though the third party vote would not be large, ; "the question of a third party is the most important issue of this cam ttan. moff • * * •TO'int +1-1A +11 + 11VA -—- — will see a new political alignment is certain enough. But whether it will be an alignment based on real Issues or false ones, that Is the key to the third party problem. "A system of planned plenty, aiming at the full utilization of our resources, a co-operative commonwealth of production for use, is the only real political issue of the future.” School for “Salesmanship.” Dr. Meikeljohn, the last of 200 speakers at the institute, condemned alike the business man and the radical, who he said wished to use the school for "salesmanship” or "propaganda.” “The perennial view of education regards it as the activity of intro ducing a young person into the crafts manship of the mind,” he said. "In America this perennial education has taken the form of training in the free discussion of human problems. We are trying to teach to our youth the art of ‘making up their minds.’ “If a teacher is to do that well it is not enough that he furnish his students with information, that he Inform them about all sides of the question. The teacher must make up his own mind and must be an advo cate of his own conclusions. • * • "We must have free teachers who have faith in the freedom of the mind.” John Calvin Brown, New York con sirucuon engineer ana economist, 101a the final session that if the present administration is returned to office a “political dictatorship" or social dis order may result. Hasty and ill-considered political decisions on economic problems, he said, constitute a great American fault. "None of us care whether govern ment is business or not,” he added. “What we are concerned about is whether and how much our welfare .'s injured if it is in business, and if we decide that we want government to stay out of business we must decide during the next three months which political party offers the greater threat in this direction." The presidential election, he said, embodies “a war between politics and democracy.” He attributed present “troubles" to Government acts and contended that further interference with business could be expected should the administration remain in power. Methods for Care of Aged. Frank Bane, executive director of UK 11BUUUS1 OUVUU KTCVUllb/ ouwu, outlined three methods from which he said America must choose for the care of the aged. The Nation must decide, he said. Whether they are to be cared for through relief payments, or by month ly benefit payments based on wages earned, or by a "flat rate gratuity without reference to need.” He pointed out that the social se curity act provided Federal aid to the States for assistance to those who are now in need upon a means-test basis, and also for a system which would enable wage earners to ac quire retirement benefits without having to show evidence of poverty. "Shall we maintain such a system," : he asked, "which has been established by the provisions of the old-age ' benefits system iff the social security -< act, or shall we be content with a i “What the Law Allows” Pat Patterson had a little clash with the authorities at Des Moines. The latter finally ruled that phrase "no more than the law allows” was sufficient to permit her to don her bathing suit to go shopping during the prolonged hot spell. She is shown alighting in the business district.—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. Honor of Being ‘First Family’ Least of Mrs. London’s Concerns Wife of Republican Presidential Can didate Believes Responsibility Out iveighs Everything Else. C» me /acaui.Kieu ricoo. ESTES PARK. Colo.. July 18.—The responsibility of possibly becoming “America’s first family” outweighs the honor, in the opinion of Mrs. Alfred M. Landon. “It is that responsibility that I con stantly think of rather than the honor —great though it would be." said the attractive, youthful wife of the Re publican presidential nominee, Gov, Alf M. Landon of Kansas. Mrs. Landon wad packing the new salmon rose print chiffon and white crepe dress she will wear July 23 when Gov. Landon is officially notified he has been chosen the Republican standard bearer. Mrs. Landon. vacationing at a ranch near Estes Park, will leave IVLUliUCtj uv outuiiu/uiic wviMu en train for the ceremony at Topeka, ! Kaos'. j Mrs. Landon repeatedly has stressed ' that in the present campaign she pre ! fers a “background role of wife and | mother." That is the part she has , played the two terms Gov. Landon has been Kansas' chief executive, j “But that isn't exactly a do-nothing role,” laughed Mrs. Landon. “For ! one thing, I have had to keep a large house running smoothly—and there i is considerable official entertaining to do. But. most of all, I try to keep a harmonious home for the Governor to come home to." Almost shyly she added: "I think that is rather important, if not spec tacular.” system which requires that a person be destitute to receive benefits and receive them only on a subsistence basis?” Felix Morley, editor of the Wash ington Post, pleaded for the develop ment of a "critical faculty which shall be Instinctively hostile to every dog matic statement, instinctively insistent on the importance of proof for every flat assertion, and Instinctively de termined to subject to severe cross examination every one who either holds blindly to the mooring ropes of the past, or who insist with equal blindness that those ropes be out merely because they are moorings.” Dr. Clyde L. King, former chairman of the Public Service Commission of Pennsvlvania, declared that "unhap pily, facts do not daily flow unbiased through many of our newspapers.” Some are printed for profit, he said, or to bring power or prestige to their owners. He was confident, however, that difficulties In the way of democ racy could be overcome through as sumption of individual responsibility. Arthur w. James. Virginia com missioner of public welfare, spoke be fore the round-table on local govern ment m relation to the new welfare program. BODY OF YOUTH, 23, TAKEN FROM RIVER Eddie Graves, Caught in Under tow, Drowned at Clements Shore. By the Associated Press. LEONARDTOWN, Md.. July 18.— Three young people who tried to save Eddie Oranes, 23, from drowning, helped recover his body from the Po tomac River today. The young man, adopted son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Graves of LovevUle, drowned last night while swimming with a party at Clements Shore. Miss Audrey Leach, IT of Washing ton, saw Graves caught In an under town, sink three times and fail to come up. She screamed for help. Lawrence Magrogan. 16 of Newtown Neck, and Frank AbeU of Chaptico, dived for Graves but failed to locate him. Miss Leach, Magrogan and AbeU went out in a boat with Deputy Sheriff J. B. Love today and directed him to the spot where the youth sank. They recovered the body with grappling hooks. Magistrate and Corona* John Wathen held an Inquest at which a verdict of accidental drowning was returned. The youth’s body was removed to the home of his foster parents for funeral services tomorrow, conducted by the Rev. Joseph Perrott, S. J., of St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Church, Morganza. Interment will be in the church cemetery. The body was recovered today just u the conservation patrol boat from Bretton's Bay arrived to participate n the search. Fred Soith of Washington and MBs Marion Mattingly of Leonardtown sere rescued at the same spot early Ills week after narrow escapes from frowning. There bib no Ufa guards it the place. A, Gets Decree WIFE ACCUSES WRITER OF SLAPPING HER. ■ .. MRS. ELAINE GALLICO, The daughter of the widely known author, Adela Rogers St. John, was granted a di vorce at Chicago yesterday from Paul Gallico, sports and short-story writer. She ac cused him of slapping her and twisting her arm. She was his second wife. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. Traffic (Continued From First Page.) approaching vehicles such as concrete mixers and trucks. George Eades, 48 years oid, was crushed to death by a backing truck. He was hauling tile in a wheel barrow to an elevator when the truck, oper ated by Henry Lyle Johnson, 25, of 2014 Portner place, struck him. A coroner's Jury yesterday held Eades’ death was accidental, but at the same time declared the construc tion company negligent in failing to provive proper safety measures for employes "working under the hazard ous conditions that exist in the base ment of the building.” nr MarTVinalri nninteri nut that ■ the large number of vehicles and machines causes so much noise that it! is extremely difficult for workmen on j foot to guard against moving vehicles. The Jury’s verdict automatically I exonerated Johnson. Police reported two persons were injured in traffic mishaps in the Dis trict last night. They were Joseph Mallon, 9, of 2900 M street and James P. Murtaugh, $7, of 1034 Quebec place, both pedestrians, who were cut and bruised when struck by au tomobiles. The Mallon boy was treated at Georgetown Hospital. Willard H. Mor ris, 32, Clarendon, Va., was operating the car, according to police. He was booked at the seventh prectyct on a charge of bad brakes. Perry Allen of 909 M street was said to have driven the car that bit Murtaugh, who waa treated at tod gen cy. i BULL RUN ‘BATHE’ SET FOR TUESDAY Soldiers and Marines Will Re-enact Conflict on 75th Anniversary. BY MARSHALL BAGGETT, Staff Correspondent of The Star. MANASSAS. Va., July 18— Rolling back the pages of history, the Blue and the Gray will fight again the first major conflict of the war between the States on Bull Run battlefield near here Tuesday. TVia Honru Unnu whirh tow T. J. Jackson stand “like a stone wall" to check the first Federal advance Into Virginia while earning his hon ored sobriquet, will again echo to the sounds of guns ahd soldiers’ yells. Ira rolling hill, over which the Union and Confederate forces fought through that long, hot July afternoon of 75 years ago, will again feel the weight of rolling caissons, horses' hoofs and soldiers’ feet, while old Bull Hun flows on Its way to the Potomac as peaceful, If not as bloody, as In 1801. Marks 75th Anniversary. Rlckett’s and Griffin’s batteries will support the Union attack, advance upon the flat-topped Henry Hill, and be driven back by Stuart's Cavalry and the 33d Virginia Regiment. Jack son will Issue his famous "bayonet" order, the Federal forces will be routed—and no one will be hurt. a sac tmvviv so iwugiiv bqbui *»< celebration of its seventy-fifth anni versary and in observance of the establishment of the area as a na tional battlefield park. To the day, the hour and almost to the minute will the principal fight ing be reproduced. It will start at 3:30 p.m. and end at 4 p.m. It was at 3:30 p.m. on July 21, 1861, when Stonewall Jackson re ported the situation "called for the use of bayonet" as his regiments and Stuart's Cavalry pushed forward to start the Union rout. 1,500 Troops to Participate. To fight this "third battle of Manassas" 1.500 troops from Quantico, Fort Washington. Fort Myer and Aber deen, Md. one-third the number en gaged in the original fighting, will be employed. S tiV. tiuai lltVDI • -wssavsa forces, will be dressed In blue. In lieu of the Confederate gray the Regular Army and Reserve Officers' Training Corps units, which will represent the South, will wear sun-tan khaki. Heading one branch of the Confed erate troops will be Maj. Stonewall Jackson of Fort Washington, collateral descendant and namesake of the Southern general, whose role he will re-enact. During the sham battle the Confed erates will lire 103.000 rounds of rifle ammunition, 300 rounds of pistol shots in calvary maneuvers and 300 rounds of artillery shells. The Union forces will be limited to 65.000 rounds of rifle fire and 300 rounds of artillery shells Program Opens at 1:30 P.M. The “theater” of the battle will be a 300-yard area atop Henry Hill, in plain view of all spectators. A program, beginning at 1:30 p.m and continuing after t'ne anniversary battle, has been arranged. It Will start with a concert by the 5th United States Marine Band and includes In vocation by Right Rev. Henry St George Tucker, Episcopal Bishop ol Virginia, and introductions of honored guests by Stale Senator John W. Rust. At 3 pun. Dr. Dougles Southall Free man, Richmond historian, will narrate few tha fleet Katfla At Manssas. After the battle, exhibition Cavalry and Artillery drills will be presented by the 3d United States Cavalry and Bat tery B, 16th Field Artillery of Fort Myer. They will be supplemented by an exhibition combat flight by the United States Marine Air Force. The entire program is free. Troop Commanders Listed. Directional signs will lead motorists to the battlefield, located ft miles from Manassas and 30 miles south west of Washington on the new Lee Highway. The highway will be main tained for exclusive use of motorists going to and from the scene. A spe cial squad of State highway patrol men and 200 Citizens’ Conservation Corps men will direct traffic. The celebration is being staged un der auspices of the State Commission on Conservation and Development, which is headed by Wilbur O. Hall, chairman. Assisting the commission are Harry P. Davis of the Manassas Battlefield Park Association, Branch Spalding, superintendent of Virginia National Battlefield Parks, and officials of the Manassas - Prince William County Chamber of Commerce. rtfflobre nhr\ «H1I sAmmanrf nnifa in the battle are: Col. C. J. Miller, Maj. Melville Jackson and Capt. John D. O’Leary, 5th Regiment, U. S. Marines; Lieut. Col. J. O. Ord and Maj. Stone wall Jackson, 12th Infantry, U. 8. A.; Col. Jonathan M. Walnwright, 3d U. 8. Cavalry, and Capt. John B. Reybold, Port Myer, commanding officer of mounted detachments. LANDON HEADQUARTERS OPEN IN MONTGOMERY ■rtclal Dispatch to The Star ROCKVILLE, Md., July 18.—The London and Le Gore Republican Club, recently organized with Earl W. Shinn of Kenwood, president and a large membership, is arranging to maintain headquarters in Rockville for the dura tioh of the campaign. Rooms at the northeast corner of Montgomery avenue and Perry street, near the court house, have been rented and will be ready for business within the nrxt week or 10 days. The headquarters will be a meeting place for members of the party, cam paign literature will be distributed and much other work done there in behalf of the Republican presidential and congressional candidates. $2.45 Cached by Boy Under Bridge Found Safe 23 Years Later f>V the Associated Press. WHITEHALL, N. Y., July 18.— David Nicholl of Pulton u a boy hid $2.45 in a tin can under the Saunders Street Bridge over the Champlain Barge Canal just be fore his family moved away 23 ytastago,. ' Paying s visit her* this week, Nicholl looked under the bridge. The money was still there, un disturbed after nearly a quarter of a century. » " SITE IS SELECTED FOR 11 HIGH Prompt Purchase of 29-Acre Kensington Tract Planned by Board. BY JACK ALLEN, Staff Correspondent of The Star. KENSINGTON. Md.. July 18—A 29-acre tract of land situated near the local playground haa been chosen by the Board of Education as the site for the new Junior high school to be built in Kensington under a recent bond authorization of the State Legis lature. 1/1. CAiWUI TT. UIVWUIC, VUUUI7 BUfICl” intendent of schools. Informed repre sentatives of the Chamber of Com merce that negotiations for the pur chase will be completed soon and issu ance of the bonds by the county com missioners will follow within a rela tively short time. The first unit of the building, how ever, will not be ready for occupancy until September, 1937. because of the time that is to be required for drafting plans and specifications, securing bids : and other routine steps Incident to construction of the school. UUII *1CA AAA The building will cost $160,000 and is to consist of 12 rooms. In addition, two cottages are to be built on the campus for use of art, domestic science and other special departments. Dr. Broome said the arrangement will be the newest and most advanced set-up in the school system. The announcement by Dr. Broome was made last night before a special session of the chamber’s Executive and Advisory Committees, attended by County Commissioners Paul Coughlan | and Richard H. Lansdale, Lacy Shaw | and Richard F. Green of the Mary land-National Capital Park and Plan ning Commission and Town Council man Robert Lewis. In a brief business session following the conference with county officials the two cffinmittees adopted a resolution commending Ha$ry Martin, a member of the chamber, for his part in secur i ing approval of the school project. Prescott to Sponsor BUI. Martin was the author of the origi nal resolution proposing the school be built here and served as chairman of the committee that vigorously advo cated official approval of the project. It was announced that Slate Sena tor Stedman Prescott, sponsor of the school construction bond act, has agreed to introduce a Kensington park area bill at the 1937 session of the Maryland Assembly. The bill would permit the Park Commission to develop park areas in | this section of the county when a ma jority of adjoining property owners petitioned and agreed to pay for such improvements on a front foot benefit assessment plan. Favor Return of Roads. A similar measure affecting the j county as a whole was advocated last session, but legislators disapproved the proposal and the bill was not intro duced. It was decided to support the Mont gomery County Commissioners' plan ; to urge the return of secondary road ' maintenance from the State Roads | Commission to the counties and to confer with officials of the latter agency In an effort to expedite con struction of the local railroad grade crossing elimination. Veterans * e . a • (Continued From First Page ) which history records at the turning point In the World War. The blow waa struck a few miles southwest of Soissons by the 1st and 2d American Divisions, with the famous French Moroccan Division with its black Senegalese, and the immortal Foreign Legion between them. Today is the eighteenth anniversary of that clear hot July day, when the 2d Division drove the enemy six miles, capturing 3,000 prisoners. 11 batteries of artillery, and thousands of machine guns." Familiar strains of best-know.t music of the Army. Navy and Marine Corps were played by the two bands. Then, after a benediction, from four guns of the 16th Field Artillery on the ellipse behind the memorial boomed out a 21-gun salute to the dead, rever berating through the entire downtown section. | From a Marine Corps bugle came J that last call, "Taps," and (he rere monies closed with a silrrin- rendition I of the National Anthem by the Army Band. Other Officers fer Year. In addition to Gen. Matthews, the other officers of the division for th’ year are, first vice president. Capt. John West. Cincinnati; second vice president, Arthur J. Murphy, Chicago: secretary, Maj. D. J. Coughlin. District of Columbia; treasurer, George Gor don. Chicago; chaplain, Dr. John H. Clifford, New York City: publicity, ; J. L. Sykes. Pittsburgh, and sergeant at arms, Tom Mason, District of Co lumbia. The association in business session adopted resolutions on the death Fri day of Maj. Gen. Logan Feland, U. S. Marine Corps, retired, "a very dis tinguished and much loved officer.” The resolution read by Gen. Harbord, paid tribute to his service, and de clared "no individual played a more useful and distinguished part in that record of which this association is so Justly proud.” The association also adopted a reso lution on the death of the late Maj. Lucien Van Doren of this city, former president of the association, who died several months ago. Regret was expressed at illness of Gen. Bundy. The association authorized Maj. Gen. Preston Brown, tr. S. Army, retired, to proceed with publication and distri bution of the division history, the writing of whieh he has supervised. Col. G. A; Herbst, national secretary of the association, and Arthur Counl han, assistant secretary, headed the general Committee on Arrangements for the reunion, co-operating with other officials JOHN B. GRAY IS 83 “Nestor of Prince Frederick Bar” la Honored. St eelal Dispatch to Tho Star. PRINCE FREDERICK, Md., July 18.—John B. Gray, known as the "Nee tor of the Prince Frederick Bar,” cele brated his 8gd birthday anniversary last night. His daughters Mrs. Charles O. Clemaon of Westminster, and 1 rimes Sadie and Ma*gubme Gray of Prince Frederick, gave a reception for him. which was attended by s number of frleabs. Friendship House Is Good Neighbor to Its Community Chrises Injunction to Minister as Though to Himself Is Borne Out in Historic Home Built in 1800. the social, the professional and the political world of Its day. Friendship House is not Just a job or a profession with Miss Burklin but the entire absorption of her life, the sum and substance of her existence, hence one's feeling that its work has no particular hours but is a continu ing force day and night. Little Poem Guided Life. When I asked her what forces had been the determining ones in causing her to devote her life to the motiva. tion of the ideals of Friendship Hou-r, she paused for several moments before she replied, "I believe it must hare been a little verse which I learned as a very tiny girl at my grandmother's knee which is to this effect. "When e’re I take my walk abroad, how many poor I see. What shall I render to my God for all his gifts to me? While I am clothed from head to foot. othefrs beg from door to door. What shall I render to my God for all his gifts to me?" Continuing, Mrs. Burklin added, ‘‘my father was a Government em ploye struggling with a limited in come which had to suffice for a large household, so we frequently had to live in neighborhoods which were r.ot exactly those to which my mother had been accustomed. We were, of necessity, very intimately aware of the cost of running our home and the reason for having every penny do its full duty, yet grandmother, who was one of the mast wisely visioned women that I have ever known, somehow always managed to convey to us that we must look UDon ourselves as a. fortunate group, possessed of ble.'S ings to share with others. Even now I can hear her say, 'A joy always doubles itself, and a shared sorrow loses its sting.’ Perhaps that has been the motto that has carried us o\er some of the roughest sledding at Friendship House when we were hal ing desperate struggles to have ore dollar do the work of not two. but three or four, and wondering where wc were going to get it at that.” Agency of Chest, Today Friendship House Is an agency of the Community Chest, ar.d when I asked my last question of an I old colored man in the neighborhood i as to whether I were still headed in the right direction, his reply was, ! "You can’t miss the big red heart in the yard of that big old house, which ! Is the onliest one dat still looks as If dequility wuz around heah." As I was tearing myself away from my self-imposed visit, the historical background of the famous past of this i old house passed in sequence before me. Somehow one better visualized Dr. Frederick May. the physician ari abl- citizen, who has left his indelib> imprint upon our city by the Medical Society which he founded. One saw . ciearjv, too, Mayor Smallwood of Washington, man of many busings affairs, who yet found time to sere his community with vision and ability. Of him it is said “his erudition lay not I in books in cases, but in his knowl ! edge of their contents which he so i well kept in his head.” A letter of the British Minister. Sir Stratford Can ning. written to a kinsman across ; the Atlantic in 1821, challenges the ! judgment of Mayor Smallwood, which . he quotes, concerning the future de velopment of the Capital City, yet tim: has proven the mayor's contention. 1 The last act of Mayor Smallwood's life, we find, was the framing of a : resoluti^p, afterward signed by Presi dent Monroe, providing that “suitable arrangements be forthwith made for the erection of a city hall in Judiciary Square.” i In his old home at 324 Virginia ave nue southeast there still survives un touched in the “Lafayette room” the 1 noble proportions, fine old mantels, arched doorways and windows and fan-shaped doorway of that addition to his home which the mayor built especially in honor of the French gen ; eral's visit to Washington during hie ! term of office, that he might more i suitable receive the distinguished i visitor. Alas, for his plans, the j 1 mayor's home was visited hv small. pox and the room was never used for i the noble visitor's reception. At the present time, upon walls where once hung, “fine in frames," the mayor'! copies of the Declaration of In dependence and the portrait of Gen. i Washington, there is an exhibition of ! paintings sponsored by the National Federation of Women’s Cluhs. The Lafayette room is now the general meeting place of the com munity groups that meet in Friendship House from time to time. Who shall say that it has not after all fulfilled the intent of that Mayor Smallwood, who planned It for a reception to the people of Washington so many years ago? For Friendship House is not a charity, but an exemplification of what community friendship can do in sharing the joys and sorrows that are common to it. Thereby has it proved itself an effective agency in the up building of that type of good cltlaen ship which makes for a better America. EDUCATIONAL. FISHBIRNE MILITARY SCHOOL 57th year. Accredited. College and bu«ine«t preparation. R. O. T. C. Supervised »tud>. All gporta. 3 brs. to Waihington. Catalnt Col. M. H Hudgins. Box 30. Warneibcrn. Virginia. D. George Price. 701 Whittier St. N W. Georgia 6100. I Fully accredited. Ficpwa fat celltgt et kewtu I Able faculty. Small time Supervised/"^ Lowe School fa> amall boya fa tew wpana faH drj Housemother. R.O.T.C. FUeproef buS faga. Intfac swimming pool. All •■bWtto Bair De Jar din School of FRENCH LANGUAGE Summer Classes and Private Instruction Days and Evenings 90ft 14th 8t. N.W._ME. lftftt • ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING A BROAD BASIC INTENSIVE COURSE Complete in One School Year A thorough training in principles and practice, preparing for a wide variety of technical positions. Includes the fundamentals of refrigeration, air conditioning and electronics. 44th year opena Sept. 30 Write or Call far Cateleg. Open Dally ta Visitors. I2T ICG ELECTRICAL DLlJO SCHOOL 910 Takoma Are.. Takema Park. Md Phone Shepherd 3070. BY JESSIE FANT EVANS. IF THK lure of old bouses Is one of your special weaknesses, often the sight of a line old home, left like a sentinel of former greatness in a neighborhood from which other evi dences of past grandeur have long since departed, gives you a profound sense of sadness. Such is happily not the case with 324 Virginia avenue southeast. Here, today, under the name of Friendship House, it extends the hand of good fellowship and of neigh VtAelti IrlnWnAM U frnm munlty and far beyond its midst. Its history goes back to the year 1800, when it was built upon an emi nence overlooking the Potomac, across what were then intervening fields, by Dr. Frederick May, newly come by way of Dartmouth and Harvard to the Cap ital City, which was then in the mak ing. In this home Dr. May was destined to become one of Washington’s leading physicians and the founder of its medical society. In 1818 it came into the posses sion of Mayor Samuel Smallwood, mer chant prince of his day In this vicinity, the first mayor of Washington to be elected by popular vote, as he was the first out of 20 city fathers to die during his term of office. Could See Busy Wharf. From this, his residence. Mayor Smallwood could plainly see the wharf ___ —. *- Ua. _ Vtla noma located between Third and Fourth streets. There could be seen, too, the tall masts of two, three and four masted sailing vessels, riding at anchor while their cargoes, chiefly of lumber and coal, were unloaded by singing crews of colored stevedores and drawn away by strings of horse, mule and oxen drawn carts. Over a century later Miss Lydia A. Burklin. head worker at Friendship House, and her corps of assistants are quietly doing a piece of civic work in this same old home which includes ministrations that even the Great Phy sician Himself might approve, if we bear in mind His injunction, ‘‘In so much as you have done it unto the least of these, so have you also done it unto Me.” Nor Is the hospitable spirit of its older day and time missing. For. when after several times losing my Mmtr In a# SUIa V%lei/\nl a i house, I chanced in just at luncheon time, the children who fill to over flowing its nobly proportioned rooms, none too spacious for its present needs, with a sort of grave courtesy said: ‘‘We'll And Miss Burklin: we imagine she will want you to stay to lunch.” Considerably to my embarrassment, Miss Burklin did. with that rare courtesy which makes the unexpected guest one of a family, be it large or small without apology or flustration. i The littlest one at Friendship House as we passed several smaller rooms en route to the one where the older group have their noonday meal, called out, to this stranger in their midst, ‘‘If you don't like greens. ju*t you see me eat mine,” and with gusto he pro ceeded to consume his spinach in a way that would have been an incen 1 tive to the least ‘‘green-’ minded per 1 son I can imagine. Wholesome Luncheon Served, What a wholesome one that lunch eon was. too. Tall glasses of milk, generous servings (seconds if you so elected and most folks did) of baked macaroni combined with ground meat, spinach salad served with lemon juice and oil, and extremely good at _ x . ■_-i i_a a _ — nAAMitS kiittar trth iliat, uitou, uuvwt, --—* 1 and fresh fruit for every one. Their merry conversation, the refreshing gusto of their appetites and the nicety of their table manners, as well as their courtesy in making me their guest feel at home in their environ ment, was indeed a delightful txperl ! ence that for a considerable time i overlapped my interest in the long ago time of which the old house had once been such an intimate part. Today. 326 Virginia avenue south east, which is the house next door to the May-Smallwood House and the exact replica of it, is also the prop erty of the Friendship House group. Together they constitute the head quarters of a motivating Influence which, like the radian spirit of a good neighbor, reaches out toward helpfulness with life's responsibilities and the sharing of joys and sorrows. Senator McKinley of Illinois not only gave the first $1,000 toward this ex pension, but made possible its final acquisition by lending the money to finance its purchase. I Here, 35 children, whose employed mothers are in most cases, the sole support of whole families, are cared ! for during their mothers’ working 1 hours, given t. non-day meal and pro j sided with the proper periods of rest and play. The rate of pay for this I project varies according to the moth i er’s circumstances, and ranges from I . mn» mnre than a full cost to a tiny sum that will preserve self-respect Mate Mary Moore Miller, a graduate of Swarthmore, Is in charge of the Day Home, as this service which Friendship House renders its neigh borhood is called. Mrs. Bernice An derson Kendall assists In thW phase of the work and with the recreational facilities. Based upon a list of names fur nished by the neighborhood schools, from 30 to 35 Summer school days of Instruct!cm are given pupiW in the first and second grades whose early laming stages are in need of bolster ing. Miss Vlzannah Carrier and Miss Anne Marie Anderson are in charge of the Summer School work and of the nursery school which is an all around-thc-year feature at Friend ship House. Music and Art Classes. Then there are classes in music and art with group, and such individual instruction, as talent and IntereA may require. Miss Doris Hilton is the art instructor and Miss Jessie Owen guides the music lovers along their way to adequate expression. The wading pool to save the precious play ground space, which is illuminated upon occasion. “Is the playground used at night?” you inquire. ‘'Yes," comes the emphatic answer. “Play In the early evenings upon a supervised, illuminated playground is a very real asstt for Keeping oider children out' of the activities and Interests that make for crime development." How fitting that there should be this re action in the home of that mayor who conspicuously during his term of office strove to improve penal conditions in the District. During my visit, it was interesting to <fee the classes in sewing and dress making in operation, one of the girls busily intent upon the finishing touches that had to do with as a smart and well-fitting a little gingham coat suit as I have seen this season. Boys Faint Play House. Several older boys under the direc tion of Mr. Dean Longfellow was painting a play house which a carpen try squad had made one Easter holi day. The boys’ recreation or game room is a fascinating place. It is lo cated in what must have been the great kitchen of the old home in the heyday of its glory, for a mammoth fireplace runs across Us front, in whose cavernous depths can still be seen the original cranes and kettles . _a_ __1 ui an cm "*«•»* “““ --•/ were unknown marvels lor the cook ing of our daily food. In tl^play yard one of the most sturdy Jungle Jims I have ever seen anywhere Is the handiwork of a needy father who was helped to a new start In life by being employed to con struct It. Presently such wholesale face and hand washings and teeth brushing operations as I had never before seen became the vogue, with Miss Burklln’s various assistants taking most partic ular pains to see that each one was using his own particular parapher nalia, taken from separate rompart ments carefully marked with their owner's names. “And why the gen eral brush-up?" was my query. “Wouldn't you like to wander about for yourself and see?" was Miss Burk lin's reply. I would and did. Evidently every one was getting ready for the rest nour. me oicer children did not have to take naps but could quietly read, either to each other in little groups, or on their own in the downstairs nooks of their ; choosing. Off to Slumber Land. Upstairs in bedchambers, where - there are still the original mantels : over the fireplaces that are in every room, small cot-beds, carefully spread with homemade little blue-edged cot ton spreads, invited rest and repose. Then off came the bedspreads, the outer garments, underclothes, shoes and stockings, with each being taken care of according to a ritual that fairly rejoiced one's soul with the order and system of it all. and the lesson in neatness that it uncon sciously taught. Presently each little youngster was in her own sleeping garment, fashioned by the older girls’ sewing club, and almost before you [ could realize it southern breezes from ! windows that look toward the Potomac ; as in days of yore were lulling these children of Friendship House off to ; quiet health-giving slumber. How every woman’s soul would have ■ sympathized with the righteous wrath i oi a uay conscienuuus uiuc sum ot | her Bohemian neighbor, a newcomer t to the group, who had sprawled across j her bed without having taken off her J bedspread and folded it up before she hopped in. And how did this adventure in faith and friendship, that has so valiantly struggled against a lean budget and tremendous odds, come to be? Back in 1904 two Associated Charity aides, Miss Adelaide Rochefort and Miss Ida Green, in their little office at 319 Pennsylvania avenue south east, felt the need of establishing a center where cultural and recreational guidance might be established for those who were unable to pay a great deal for the privilege, yet who would spurn assistance from a so-called charitable organization. In pursuance of this idea, they rented a room in a ‘ house at Tenth and M streets, near the river, at what Is now Tenth and Potomac avenue. During the first four years of its existence the center's workers were all volunteer ones. Friendship House Founded. Undeterred by difficulties that would have downed others than those who were the devoted adherents of an un faltering purpose, the motivators of the idea pressed on until in 1906 they took over the May-Smallwood house at 324 Virginia avenue, then falling into rack and ruin. They said, we will call it "Friendship House." be cause "Friendship is not only a noble and beautiful thing for an individual but the realisation of it is the ideal for LHC AMllC. Twenty-seven years ago this past April. Miss Lydia A. Bur kiln, a native Washingtonian, whose higher educa tion has been a rich one acquired in the university of life, came to Friend ship House as its head worker. Be cause of the devoted service of Miss Burklin and those who have been asso ciated with her as co-workers. Friend ship House under the leadership of its president. Henry P. Blair, and such board members as Mrs. James H. Baden. Mrs. John Barber, Mrs. Wil liam Lee Corbin, Mrs. Wright Clark, Mrs. C. L Christie. Mrs Thomas J. Hurney, Mrs. Milton King. Miss Flora Johnson, Mrs. Howard G. Nichols, Miss Emily Storer, Mrs. Albert Sta bler, Mrs. Bernard Walls, and many others—is fulfilling the dream of its founders as an agent for community service. The old house is a gracious, serene place, too, despite its myriad activities and wide varieties of service to others with a dignity that some how seems to have carried over from the days when it was the mccca for club rooms iot ine giris >na ooys ana - their mothers have pianos in them, > . and display Interesting original art exhibits in an exhibition of work on display at the Phillips Art Gallery as recently as July S, the work of a Day Home Friendship boy, directed by Misd Bernice Cross, an assistant to Miss Hilton, has received much favor- Wfi able comment. All of the many and varied recrea- 9 tlonal activities are under the Juris- ■ diction of Miss Alice Leigh Byars, who 9 Is in her tenth year of service for this 9 community. Of Interest Is an out- 9 of-door stage for dramatic perform- 9 anced that fits over the top of the fl MUSICAL INSTRUCTION. | I BESSIE N. WILD- I £WnMF~ 1 J '