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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 04, 1936, Image 1

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WEATHER. a ~
Fair tonight and tomorrow; litUe ' .ille 0nty evening paper
change in temperature; gentle northeast 111 Washington with the
Associated Press News
am. today. and Wirephoto Services.
Full report on page B-19.
Closing New York Markets, Page 16 CureulaHon, 131,487.
° 1 m - _ _ (Some returns not yet received.)
No. 33,729. post ofllce, Washington. Tc WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1936 FIFTY PAGES. ***** <**> Means Associated Press. TWO CENTS.
NEW CABINET FOR SPAIN
AS BLAZING IRUN FALLS
BEFORE REBELS’ ATTACK
-— - «■ r ~i
Plight of 500 Unknown—Exe
cution by Firing Squads in
Cemetery Today Reported.
REFUGEES SWARM OVER SPAN
FOR PROTECTION BY FRENCH
Insurgent Advance Forces Move on San
Sebastian—Battle Rages Around
International Bridgehead.
BACKGROUND—
Spanish insurgents, seeking to overthrow Popular Front in order to
prevent communization of Spanish government, have met staunch re
sistance from Loyalists, composed of workers and peasants. Rebels want
northern key cities of San Sebastian and Irun in order to import arms and
ammunition to press their assault upon Madrid, which has withstood re
peated onslaughts o) Fascist Legionnaires,
By the Associated Press.
MADRID, September 4—Premier Jose Giral Pereira resigned
today and a new government was announced for war-torn Spain.
The Socialist extremist leader, Francisco Largo Caballero, was
named prime minister and minister of war.
The new cabinet contains six Socialists, two Communists, twe
Left Republicans, one Republican Unionist and one Ezquerra (a
jiolitical faction in the Valencia and Catalan regions). One min
ster, yet to be chosen, probably will be a Basque Nationalist.
indalecio Prieto, Socialist “strong man,” was named minister
i»f air and navy.
Giral Pereira remained in the cabinet, however, as minister
without portfolio.
Others in the cabinet:
Juan Negrin secretary of the treasury; Julio Alvarez Del Vayo,
secretary of state; Jose Tomas Piera, secretary of labor; Jesus
HprnanriP7, minister of education: Vicente Uribe, secretary of agri
culture; Bernardo Giner de los Rios, communications; Anastasio
Degraciz, industry and commerce; Angel Galarza, interior; Mariano
Ruiz Funes, justice.
It was announced that “because of the length of the civil war,
the government believed it advisable to resign to make way for a
government embracing all parties comprising the Popular Front.
“President Azana accepted our resignation after congrat
ulating the regime on the way it handled affairs during this most
difficult period.”
Insurgents to Complete Occupation
After Exodus From Furnace of City
(Copyright. 1936. by the Associated press.)
HENDAYE, France, September 4.—Raging fires engulfed al
most the whole of Irun today as victorious Fascist rebels advanced
through the fallen city. , . . .
Flames shot high into the sky and clouds of smoke rolled
across the border Into France. „
Rebel troops in completing their occupation of the one-time
Socialist government stronghold advanced warily down the streets
through the blazing ruins.
Behobia, across the border in Spam, was completely occupied
by the rebel forces.
Want Best Relations With France.
A Fascist colonel crossed the international bridge to Behobie
In France and informed French officials he and his chiefs were
anxious to maintain "the best of relations” with France.
The colonel crossed the rebel-held bridge between French
Behobie and Spanish Behobia, twin frontier towns separated only
by the Bidassoa River.
Spanish head of the other international bridge, between Hen
tiaye and Irun, was recaptured from the victorious Fascists early
this afternoon by a small and desperate band of government
militiamen.
A young Spanish militiaman,❖
who crossed this latter bridge,j /
wearing a submachine gun
Flung from his shoulders, carry
ing a fried chicken in one hand
and holding a can of potted meat j
In the other, declared the gov- !
ernment force holding the
bridgehead against the rebels
had been reduced to 15 men. (
They were armed with hand ,
grenades, machine guns and ‘
Fhotguns. and kept up a con- \
tinuous fire from behind mat
tresses and sandbags against the ,
rebels, who were hiding in a (
cornfield 200 yards away.
Nearly 500 government strag- ]
glers, the youth declared, still
were scattered throughout Irun, i
fighting street battles. i
Other government militiamen who <
crossed the narrow river told conflict- c
lng tales of the plight of some 500 <
hostages. '
Some said they were lined up against 1
a cemetery wall and shot by militia ex- '•
ecution squads this morning. Others
declared they were transferred by mo- I
tor car to San Sebastian, present goal
cf the rebels.
These hostages had been held at
Fort Guadalupe.
Last-minute refugees continued to
(See SPAINTPage A-2.)
8 RESCUED AT FIRE
BY W.P. A. EMPLOYE ■
- i
Hick Koffman Slides Down Bain \
Pipe at 813 Third Street
With Child. !
Five children and three adults were j
rescued early today from a fire at 813 <
Third street by a W. P. A. tinner’s
helper, who slid down a rain spout j
with one child, caught another i
dropped from a second-floor window i
and helped the others down a ladder. <
Nick Koffman was awakened by
smoke in his second-floor room shortly ’
before 3 a.m. He found the stairway s
In flames and roused other occupant* ]
of the floor, including his parents, Mr. i
and Mrs. Lawis Pantos, and their nve <
children.
Koffman slid down the spout with
6-year-old Jimmy Pantos, caught 3
year-old Angelo in his arms as the I
boy's mother dropped him from a
second-story window and found a lad
der which he raised for the others.
Meanwhile, a neighbor had turned
In a fire alarm. The ground floor was
occupied by Mr, and Mrs. Peter
Mantos. When firemen arrived they ^
learned Mrs. Mantos had fainted in ,
the building. She was carried out
and later treated at Casualty Hospital 1
for burns about the face and shoul- i
tiers. 1
Tlie blaze started in an opening off i
a ground-floor hallway and quickly 1
spread to the staircase. The damage
^vas estimated at about *200. ^ JI
"" 4
Crusade of Prayer
For Spain’s Peace
Is Asked by Pope
Ey the Associated Press.
CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, Sep
ember 4.—Pope Pius asked.today for
i “crusade of prayer" for the ills be
etting the world—especially in war
om Spain.
The holy father disclosed his fer
rent desire for such a crusade to a
roup of Italian pilgrims.
He spoke to 200 members of the
Franciscan Tertiary Orders.
He urged them to pray, and to tell
heir friends to pray and spread be
ore the world his desire for a prayer
rusade for misguided youth, espe
ially because of "flagrant evils and
liscord—particularly in that country
there brothers are killing brothers
md outraging souls in the midst of
acrilege and horrible carnage."
>OLICE SEARCH WOODS
FOR PROWLER SUSPECTS
>eny Reports Authorities Fear
Attempt to Kidnap Two Guar
dabassi Children.
By l tic Associated Press.
PRIDES CROSSING, Mis*., Sep
ember 4.—Police searched the wooded
irea around the Summer estate of
taunt Francesco Mario Guardabassi
n the fashionable North Shore colon;
oday after receiving report* five men
vere seen prowling about the premises.
A male companion of the Guarda
•assi governess reported to police the
itrangers, one dressed in woman’s
.pparel, were inquiring for the garden
r’s cottage at 1 a.m.
Police Lieut. William J. Tobin denied
e ports authorities were working on a
heory the quintet had sought to kld
lap the Guardabassi children, Fred
rico, 7, and Junio, 4.
Count Guardabassi left for New
fork yesterday, where he planned to
ail for Rome. His wife, the former
tosalkid Wood, daughter of the late
•resident of the American Woolen
ta., was at home with the children.
V V» -
Strikers, Barricaded in Plant,
Cut Off City’s Power Supply
the Associated Press. I mIH
TRENTON, Mo., September 4.—
Vorkers at the Missouri Public Serv
es Co. plant here pulled switches and
larricaded themselves in the build
ng today, depriving the city of elec
rical power and water, as a protest
.gainst a city move toward a munici
ial plant.
P. J. Richardson, chief engineer,
aid the workers refused admittance
supplies to remain in the building
indefinitely, and would stay until City
Council members were ready to confer
with them.
The strike came after the City
Council let contracts for construction
of a city power plant. It left Trenton
without power to operate the .. ty's
electric trater pumps. Edinburg and
Brimson, nearby communities, also
were without powse. ^
JOSE GIRAL PEREIRA.
Resigns as Premier.
i ■ ——i
■■■ol_mm
FRANCISCO L. CABALLERO.
Forms new cabinet.
m*
GEN. EMILIO MOLA,
Leads attack on Irun.
SHARP NOTE SENT
JAPAN BY SOVIET
Peace Endangered by Bor
der Situation, Protest Says.
Inquiry Proposed.
BACKGROUND—
Recent clashes along the Man
chukuoan border have heightened
the tension between militaristic
Japan and Russia. The recent ex
ecution of a Russian who, Japan
asserted, fired at her soldiers has
strained further the relations be
tween the countries.
Russia fears Japanese penetra
tion into Mongolia, which would
endanger the trans-Siberian Rail
road, only link between Russia
proper and her Pacific territory.
By tht Associated Press.
MOSCOW. September 4—Soviet
Russia sharply warned Japan today
it considers continuation of the pres
ent situation on the Soviet-Manchu
kuan border “Intolerable” and danger
ous to the cause of peace.
The Soviet Union proposed im
mediate establishment of a mixed
Soviet-Japanese-Manchukuan com
mission to inquire into the many inci
dents on the desolate frontier.
At the same time, Moscow pointed
out the Japanese government had con
sented officially to establishment of
such a commission last February 14,
and contended delay in its creation
was "entirely” the fault of Tokio.
The protest was delivered to Shichi
Sakoh, the Japanese charge d’affairs,
by B. I. KozlofTsky, head of the second
Eastern Department of the Soviet
foreign office.
Alleges “Ceaseless Fabrication."
It alleged "ceaseless fabrication" by
Japanese-Manchukuan militarists of
false reports of firing from the Soviet
(See RUSSIA, Page A-4.)
RELIEF ASSURED
THROUGH WINTER,
ROOSEVELT SAYS
Leaves Landon Meeting in
Des Moines—Kansan
Urges Rural Aid.
320,000 FARM FAMILIES
ESTIMATED AS TOTAL
Governors Think Burden of R. A.
and W. P. A. Will Be Greatly
Curtailed.
By me Associated Press.
DES MOINES. Iowa, September 4.
—President Roosevelt, heading lor
Springfield, 111., and a continuance of
his Midwest drought conferences to
day, was understood to have assured
seven Governors at a conference here
yesterday that all in need would be
cared for until Spring.
At separate conferences with each
Governor, the President discussed
ways of meeting immediate needs of
farmers and their families through
the coming Winter and a general out
line of a long-time program.
As for the long-range program, the
Chief Executive was said to have
stressed the need for dam construc
tion, water conservation and more
scientific use of land. Including trans
formation of thousands of atres of
crop land into pasture and trees.
Landon Gives Views.
Gov. Alt M. Landon of Kansas, Re
publican presidential nominee, left a
recommendation with the President
which, in some respects, resembled the
proposals of the President's Drought
Committee. It called for:
Immediate relief work for needy
farmers on dams, roads, ponds and
general rural rehabilitation.
A long-range program of water con
servation and flood control in which
the Federal and State governments
would co-operate.
Governors submitted estimates show
ing a maximum of 320,000 farm fami
lies in the seven States represented
would require W. P. A. and resettle
ment aid this Winter.
As the President and Gov. Landon
went their separate wavs the Nation
studied reports of the epochal meet
i ing.
Before the Chief Executive headed
for Hannibal. Mo., on his special train
and the Republican nominee pointed
his automobile toward the Kansas
capital at Topeka, Gov. Landon said:
'•There was an exchange of views.
That is always productive.’’
He added that *'I left a report, but
It was largely covered by the Presi
dent's own line of inquiry at the con
ference."
Urged Rounded Program.
A letter that Landon wrote to Pres
ident Roosevelt in 1934 held that any
plan for the construction of dikes
along the lower Mississippi as a flood
control measure would be worthless
without a co-ordinated program call
ing for reservoirs and dams along the
upper Mississippi and its tributaries to
slow the flow and conserve water re
sources of the Great Plains area.
The conferees met with a hearty
handclasp in the offices of Gov. Clyde
Herring in the Iowa State House. They
chatted amiably about fishing at a
chicken luncheon. They conferred for
40 minutes about the problems raised
by the drought. They engaged In
more conversation over their portions
of filet mignon at a dinner aboard
the President's diner.
But the Democratic and Republican
standard bearers steered clear of the
moot subject of politics, reported the
Governors and officials of six other
States, who sat in on the drought
conference.
“If You Take My Place-»
“The nearest thing to politics I
heard,” one Governor related, ‘ was
when the President remarked to Lan
don, ‘If you take my place in the White
House, be sure you don't use too big
a boat to go fishing.’
“But the President was just kidding.
He’d just been explaining that he
liked to go fishing on a small boat
because he didn’t have to take a lot
of people along.”
“A grand day,” was the way Mr.
(See ROOSEVELT, Page”A-3?)
A. F. OF L. DECLINES
TO ACT IN STRIKE
Seattle Council Tried to Promote
Newspaper Settlement,
Says Green.
B> tftt Associated Press.
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor, said
today the federation “cannot interfere’’
in the American Newspaper Guild
strike against the Seattle Post-Intel
ligencer.
ween maae ms statement in releas
ing a report on the guild strike from
Rowland Watson, A. F. of L. repre
sentative in Seattle.
“Efforts to conduct a hearing upon
the complaint filed by the American
Newspaper Guild and to promote a
settlement were made by the officers
of the Seattle central body before
formal action was taken placing the
Seattle Post-Intelligencer upon the
unfair list,” Green said.
“The laws of the A. F. of L. require
that central bodies take such action
and follow such a course before
placing any firm upon the unfair list.
"In view of the fact that the cen
tral body conformed to the laws of
the A. F. of L. and acted in accord
ance with the rights conferred upon
it by the A. F. of L. and followed legal
and orderly procedure, the A. F. of L.
cannot Interfere.
' “I have directed Representative
WatfiAn ViAnravor tr\ aarva in PVPft
possible way In trying to bring about
a settlement of the dispute existing
between the management of the
Seattle Post-Intelligencer and the
members of the local Newspaper Guild
so that Industrial peace may be re
established In the City of **
\\k
/aw^inIT^ {
[ at ONE Time I \
HAD GfcEAT
AFTER NEARLY THREE LONG YEARS! T ^
Czechoslovak Premier Doubts
Reich ami Italy Must Fight
To Achieve Their Objectives
Hodza Believe* Aggressive Attitudes '
Are Prompted By Diplomatic Rather
Than Military Purposes.
BY CONSTANTINE BROWN,
Staff Correspondent ol The Star.
PRAGUE.—Milan Hodza it Czechoslovakia's premier. A Slav from the
South, he has more experience in domestic politics than his friend,
President Edouard Benas.
Hodza has been a fighter all his life. At the age of 26—he is
| over 50 now—he entered politics as a minority representative in the Hun
I garian Parliament. In those days Slovakia was under Hungarian domination.
i /\xiu *u> a. iiiiiiuciiil xucixxuer ux uptjueiixuzi ill me
I Budapest Parliament, he had to fight not only
j with his tongue but also with his fists. He has
I spent & good portion of his parliamentary ca
reer in Hungarian jails.
In any country outside Czechoslovakia Hodza
would be described as a Socialist of the Left.
He has determined ideas about social justice
(except in the case of the Czechoslovak citi
zens of German stock) and as minister of agri
culture he has put through the Important bill
of organizing the Czech co-operatives and de
stroying food speculation.
Now. he is at the head of Bene's cabinet and
as such lives in one of the palaces which the
government confiscated from the Austrian no
bility when the republic was created in 1919.
Prime ministers do not last long In Europe,
especially in Central and Eastern Europe. But
while they last they want to enjoy their position.
Cnecial Police fimnl Their Vtl
Milan Hodza
»IUnriM
Special police and detectives are detailed to guard their excellencies, and
a visitor is handed from one cerberus to another before he is able to pene
trate the sanctuary where his excellency's private secretary reigns supreme.
Then he has to wait.
The approaches of the eighteenth century palace of the Czechoslovak
(See CZECHS^Page A-5.)
SEA FLYERS REACH
Richman and Merrill Have
Narrow Escape in Stop
at Bristol.
By the Associated Press.
CROYDON AIRDROME. England,
September 4.—Formally completing
the eastwaM lap of their proposed
round trip, trans-Atlantic sky holiday,
the Americans, Harry Richman and
Dick Merrill, landed at Croydon at
2:57 p.m. today (8:57 a.m., Eastern
standard time).
They flew from South Wales, where
their fastest ocean crossing paused in
a cow pasture yesterday, by way of
Bristol.
The Broadway baritone and Merrill,
his pilot, had to hurdle an errant
motion picture lorry in taking off from
the cow pasture and Merrill called it
a "close shave.”
Less than 200 persons, most of them
members of the airport staff, wit
nessed the completion of the flight in
a pouring rain. The reception was
completely informal.
This contrasted sharply to the ten
sion at Croydon yesterday, where
1,000 persons waited for hours for the
Americans, only to learn they had
come down in South Wales, out of
gasoline, after a record speed trip of
less than 18 hours from New York.
Before he and Merrill motored into
London, Richman said:
"We expect to fly back to the United
States as soon as we get favorable wind
and weather. We probably will be here
for two or three days.”
Merrill, landing earlier at Bristol In
a heavy mist on his way to keep what
Richman called “our date with the
lads at Croydon,” said the monoplane
Lady Peace narrowly missed the movie
van.
Rain Delays Take-Off.
Heavy rain and fog delayed the
departure from Llangadock until noon.
Then, as the bad weather abated, the
flyers took off, determined to begin
the return flight to New York after a
welcoming celebration in London and
"whenever we get favorable weather.”
While waiting a change In weather
the flyers summoned workmen to cut
down a hedge separating their plane
from a small emergency landing field
adjoining the pasture to gain a longer
runway for the takeoff.
The adventurous pair chafed on
the ground as a heavy mist, followed
by rain, blanketed the entlrs country
side. The tops of the nearby Welsh
(See RICHMAN, P^e A-f)
$3,000,000 Held by Parties
for Campaign Use, Com
mittee Hears.
By tr» Associated Press.
A "complete Investigation” of all
State and national political activities
in Michigan was ordered today by the
Senate Campaign Expenditures Com
mittee.
The Michigan investigation was or
dered by the committee after it had
received charges that approximately
$3,000,000 in edistributions had been
accumulated by "political parties and
candidates” for use in the campaign
for major offlces this year.
iAst week the committee directed
that a similar investigation be made
in Pennsylvania, where complaints
were made that steel company em
ployes were being intimidated in con
nection with the presidential election.
Glavis Ordered to Detroit.
Chairman Lonergan announced that
the committee’s chief investigator.
Louis R. Glavis, had been Instructed
to proceed immediately with several
assistants to Detroit.
Glavis and a staff of assistants have
been in Pennsylvania since Monday in
vestigating political activities. Loner
gan said some of the committee’s
agents would remain in Pennsylvania.
Lonergan said the Michigan com
plaints came from "citizens and at
torneys” and included a charge that
more than $500,000 now was available
to one political party for expenditure
in the senatorial and gubernatorial
race alone. Committee officials said
(See MICHIGAN, Page A-4.)
N. Y. A. Gets Quoddy Buildings
For Use as Training School
Bj the Associated Press. a
The War Department announced to- c
day that the buildings and equipment 0
at the Passamaquoddy Tidal Bay proj
ect, in Maine, would be turned, over *
to the National Youth Administration „
for use as a training school.
The announcement said that as a
result of the suspension of construe- ,
tlon activities on the project the War
Department would make available to 1
the Youth Administration all housing
faculties, shops and equipment. The *
faculties, the ann^ncement explained,
re for temporary use by N. Y. A. In
inducting a training school as a part
t its youth program.
The facilities will be maintained by
le War Department, but the school
111 be conducted by the Youth Ad
ilnlstration.
Representatives of N. Y. A. are now
ogaged in preparing detailed plans
>r operations and assembly of school
ersonnel.
The faculty and students of the
;hool are to be assembled promptly
(See QUODDY, Page A-2.)
I
ML SERVICE SET
AS H. 0. L C. GUIDE
Roosevelt Calls for Applica
tion of Its “Standards”
to Agency.
Hinting of legislation to put the
iome Owners’ Loan Corporation under
■ivil service. President Roosevelt to
iay called for the application of civil
service "standards” to the organiza
tion.
The President’s suggestion was made
jointly in letters dated August 25 to
Harry B. Mitchell, president of the
Civil Service Commission, and John
H. Fahey, chairman of the Federal
Home Loan Bank Board.
The action did not actually place
the vast lending agency under civil
service. That, the President explained.
would require an act oi congress.
“Pending legislative authority,” he -
said, “it is appropriate and entirely
possible to apply the principles” of the
civil service laws to the H. O. I* C.
The move was not explained in
detail except that Fahey indicated
that when professional and technical
smployes are needed, the civil service
will hold examinations. Present job
holders will not be required to take
examinations to hold their posts.
“It means,” Fahey said, "the ulti
mate adoption of civil service stand
irds of efficiency throughout the cor
poration and anticipates the possibility
if future action by Congress to place
the organization under civil serv
ce. • • •
“Although H. O. L. C. was set up in
i short period during the stress of the
?mergency in home finance, for more
than two and a half years the cor
poration has been engaged in the de
velopment and appUcation of pre-em
ployment tests and minimum require
ments of employment corresponding to
those of the civil service.”
He estimated the H. O. L. C. is now
“mploying 15.740 persons in 258 offices
throughout the country.
Last January 31 there were 19.548
■mployes in 300 field offices, but taper -
inff off of lending activities led to the
reduction in personnel.
“The announcement does not
rrt^an ” Pflhpv xairi “that, wcnnlnmu nf
the corporation will be required to
take civil service examinations as a
requisite to continuance in their posi
tions, nor wilp they be displaced by
smDloyes from the certified lists of
the Civil Service Commission.”
President Roosevelt said in his let
ter to Fahey he believed the work of
the Federal Home Loan Bank Board
ind its subsidiaries, of which the H.
0. L. C. is largest, had been stabil
ized.
The H. O. L. C., which lent large
sums to home owners in distress, was
organized “to meet a financial crisis
in the urban home field,” Mr. Roose
velt said, and the law creating it
placed its employes outside civil serv
ice.
Now that H. O. L. C. work has been
stabilized, he said, “I believe that so
far as possible, every advantage should
be taken of the standards and prac
tices developed under civil service
law.”
ROOSEVELT CHILD HURT
Daughter of James Roosevelt Cuts
Foot on Beach.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H„ September
4 OP).—Sara Delano Roosevelt, grand
daughter of the President, was con
fined to her home at Little Boars
Head today witn a loot cut sue xe
ceived from broken glass while walk
ing on the North Hampton Beach. A
member of the household of Mr. and
Mrs. James Roosevelt, the child’s
parents, said she would be up and
about “in several days.”
Beryl Markham Hopes to Be
‘First of Sex to Make
Westward Crossing.
NEW YORK IS GOAL
OF GREEN MONOPLANE
Few Friends See Low-Wing Ship
Take Off—Craft Has 4,000
Mile Eange.
(Picture on Page A-i.)
By the Associated Press.
ABINGDON, England, September
4.—Mrs. Beryl Markham, blond Eng
lish society woman, took off today on
an attempted non-stop flight to New
York.
Flying alone, the tall. 33-year-old
matron lifted her green monoplane.
The Messenger, into the air at 6:50
p.m., British Summertime (12:50 p.m.,
Eastern Standard time).
Only a few friends saw Mrs. Mark
ham, who is the mother of a 7-year
old boy, take off from the Royal Air
Force Field here.
She seeks to be the first woman to
make the westward Atlantic crossing
alone.
Mrs. Marxnam s single-engine, low
wing plane has a cruising speed of
150 miles an hour and a range of 4,COO
miles.
Waiting for the last few days for
favorable ocean weather at Abingdon,
she took off for America ahead of the
American round-trip flyers, Harry
Richman and Dick Merrill, who
reached South Wales yesterday after
a flight of less than 18 hours from
New York.
Richman and Merrill expect to start
their return flight within a few days.
Moon to Light Sky.
Mrs. Markham, who has an aerial
background of adventurous exploits in
Africa, will have the advantage of a
full moon on her lone night flight
across the hazardous sea.
But the weather reports otherwise
were none too favorable.
The air ministry reported she faced
40-mile headwindjTn some places at a
height of 1,500 feet.
Low clouds and rain belts also spot
ted her course most of the way across
Ireland and the Atlantic.
Although Amelia Earhart Putnam
made the eastward Atlantic crossing
solo, Mrs. Markham, if she succeeds,
will be the first woman to fly the sea
from the other direction.
"I believe in the future of an At
lantic air service," Mrs. Markham
said before hopping off. "I want to
be In it—at the beginning.
“It is a difficult flight I know. I
just don’t like the look of a map, the
blue seems too vast between the
friendly pieces of land.”
Soloed in 8 Hours.
Mrs. Markham, sister-in-law of Sir
Charles Markham. coUiery baronet,
grew up in Kenya and flew solo after
only 8 hours’ training.
She became a big-game hunter by
air, spotting animals for hunters on
the ground. She made flights from
Africa to London on three occasions.
More recently she acted as pilot to a
French financier.
Tall, blond and athletic, M'S.
Markham has kept a rigorous train
ing schedule in preparation for the
DTiiellinff attemDt.
•'I have had the Atlantic flight in
mind for some time,” she explained.
‘•Then the chance to do it was given
to me by a Kenya syndicate interested
in aviation. They are backing me
right through.”
WEEK-ENDFORECAST
IS FAIR AND MILD
Clear Skies Today and Tomorrow
Also Predicted by Weather j
Bureau.
A fair and mild Labor day week end
is forecast for the Capital by the
Weather Bureau.
Today and tomorrow also will be
fair, with little change in temperature,
according to the forecaster.
Clear skies are expected Sunday and
the mercury probably wiU go a little
higher than during the last several
days. The same conditions are ex
pected Monday.
With the weather outlook clear for
the holiday, motor clubs today pre
dicted an unprecedented volume of
automobile travel out of Washington
over the week end.
Basing their observations on the
number of calls received for road in
formation, the Keystone Automobile
Club said all nearby resorts seem to
be getting a full share of tourist travel
this week end.
-•-*
Russian Director Dies.
NEW YORK, September 4 OP).—
Nikita Balieff, Russian director of the
“Chauve Souris” and famed as a witty
master of ceremonies, died last night
after an illness of two days suffering
from a kidney ailment. He was 59
years old.
Readers9 Guide
Page.
Amusements-C-4-5
Answers to Questions-A-8
Comics--C-7
Death Notices_A-10
Editorial _A-8
Finance _A-15-16-17
Lost and Found-A-3
News Comment Features A-9
Radio .B-14
Serial Story_B-18
Short Story _B-6
Society__B-3-4-6
Sports..C-l-2-3
Washington Wayside.A-2
Women’s Features_C-6
1

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