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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 21, 1936, Image 1

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(V 8 Weather Bureau Forecast! V The OTllV evening paper
Increasing cloudiness and warmer to- i^L * ^ *•. f V,
night; tomorrow cloudy, showers in the IP Washington With the
afternoon, colder by night. Temperatures ■ \ ■ V AsSOPiatpd Prp«t<? Npwq
-Highest, 79, at 2:30 p.m. yesterday; I g\ ■ I I.V O . WS
lowest, 54, at 6:30 a m. today. ■ ft1 ■ ■ and Wirephoto Services.
Full report on page A-7.
» . M v i m i a d la Yesterday’s Circulation, 138,643
Closing New York Markets, rage lo_ (Some returns not ret received >
84th YEAR. No. 33,776. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1936-FORTY PAGES.****_or> M,.n. A..oci.t.d Pr,,.. TWO CENTS.
Immediate Aid
Held Only
Move Is Needed to
‘Protect’ Europe,
Officials Say.
In Spanish revolt, which began
last July, European observers have
seen opportunity for struggle over
two opposing forms of government
in modern Europe — communism
and fascism. In Spain the Fascist
forces have added victory to victory
until now, literally in sight of
Madrid, victory seems theirs. Rus
sia, in sympathy with the Com
munist loyalists, has charged Italy,
Germany and Portugal with send
ing assistance to the insurgents.
Twenty-seven nations signed a
non-intervention accord which
Russia charges has been violated.
Her demands for "practical meas
ures” have been delayed by the
Neutrality Committee in London.
E? the Associated Press.
MOSCOW. October 21.—Soviet Rus
sia, determined to force supply of
aid to beleaguered Spanish Social
ists, has decided only the immediate
dispatch of munitions can save Ma
drid. informed sources said today.
Soviet commissars were represented
as having taken a strong stand for
rushing airplanes to the desperately
driven Spanish government forces.
The Russian government, these
sources said, has resolved not to yield
' an inch further in delaying counter
measures against alleged violations of
Spanish neutrality by Fascist powers.
"uravesi nays seen.
Officials did not hesitate to express
privi.tely the feeling that these are
the “gravest" days Europe has seen
In many years.
They are determined, they said, to
adopt a firm stand as the only way
to preserve European peace.
Overnight hundreds of thousands
of bright-colored posters blazed up
in the Russian capital.
"'Hands off Spain!” they said.
The printed demand, obviously
aimed at alleged Fascist and Nazi
interference in Spain, led to renewed
clamor by Soviet workers for the
Russian government to supply arms
immediately to siege - threatened
While only the top men at the
Kremlin know details of the decision
taken by the government, enough in
formation has seeped down to indicate
Dictator Joseph Stalin feels Europe
is rapidly drifting toward war—and
the time to make Russia’s voice felt
is now.
Officials expressed belief all is to
be gained and nothing l06t by taking
a strong stand against the Soviet’s
“natural” enemy—Germany.
For unless Great Britain and France
can be aroused from what is regarded
here as “lethargy,” it is felt only a
matter of time, not far distant, before
Nazi troops will cross the Soviet
border to realize the hope expressed
in Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's recent
speech at Nurnberg, these sources as
tin that declaration, Hitler cast
envious eyes at the fertile fields and
rich mines of the Soviet. Outlining
what Germany would do "if we had
the Urals, if we possessed Siberia, if
We had the Ukraine.”
Whatever happens in the Spanish
war, an authoritative spokesman said.
Russia will continue to recognize only
the present Madrid government—even
If the seat of government should be
transferred to Barcelona or the Presi
dent and his cabinet should flee Spain.
Pick Site of Twentieth Anniver
sary Convention in 1938 as
Meeting Closes.
by the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, October 21.—
Closing an eight-day biennial meeting,
the United Lutheran Church in Ameri
ca selected Baltimore, Md., today as
the site of its twentieth anniversary
convention in 1938.
The convention adjourned after
driving rapidly through a long list of
committee reports as the final order of
A special committee composed of the
84 synodical presidents recommended
Baltimore as the next convention city
to quash a drive to take the next meet
ing to New York, birthplace of the
United Church in 1918.
Britain Suggests Termination of
Indo-Japanese Agreement.
TOKIO, October 21 </P).—Great
Britain today suggested to Japan the
termination of the Indo-Japanese
trade agreement, expiring October 31.
Meanwhile, it was stated, India de
sires to continue the current Indo
Japanese trade talks at New Delhi,
hoping to reach a satisfactory con
clusion. In that event. Great Britain
will withdraw its notice of termina
tion of the two-year-old agreement
Britain’s communication explained
It desired to protect British Industry
and trade In the event the New Delhi
parleys fail to reach an agreement.
Rome and Berlin to Recognize
Rebels When Madrid Falls
Agreement Reported Reached by Ciano
in Nazi Talks—Blum Discusses
Rescuing Refugees by Plane.
I By the Associated Press.
Italy and Germany will recognize
the insurgent government of Spain al
most immediately after the Fascist
armies occupy Madrid, well-informed
sources in Rome declared today.
Agreement on policy was said to oe
one of four important issues on which
the nations reached accord after For
eign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano's
first conversations with Baron Kon
stantin von Neurath, Germany's for
eign minister, in Berlin.
The other three were reported as
their stands on the League of Nations,
the Locarno treaty and Central Eu
Meanwhile, Great Britain. France
and 13 Latin American nations moved
in diplomatic concert to save thou
sands of non-combatants from death
in besieged Madrid.
Humanitarian Efforts.
In two hemispheres, there were
these humanitarian efforts as Fascist
armies closed in on the Spanish cap
ital from the south and west:
1. Great Britain ordered its navy
to stand by for a "mission of mercy”
to rescue hostages held by both sides
in the war. Estimating there were
8,000 of these hostages in Madrid
alone, the British government pressed
both the Madrid government and the
Fascist authorities for the exchange
and evacuation of the women prison
. ers, in particular.
2. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, the Ar
gentine foreign minister, conferred se
cretly with Premier Leon Blum of
France in Paris on the possibility of
rescuing endangered persons by plane,
while refugees told of spreading Span
ish anarchy and violent reaction to it.
3. Thirteen Latin American states,
from Mexico to Argentina, decided to
ask Madrid In simultaneous notes to
recognize the principle of asylum to 1
save hundreds of Rightists now refuged
in Latin American legations in the
Spanish capital.
Fascists at Illescas, south of the
capital, apparently beat off a govern
ment counter attack.
Reinforced by a wild civilian "army”
from Madrid, Socialist troops battled
desperately on a 10-mile front to halt
the sweep of Fascist legions toward
the capital, 20 miles distant.
Fresh Forces Called.
The fresh "white collar” forces—
store clerks and mechanics, young and
old—lunged into the raging conflict
with the shrill "to arms!” exhortations
of Madrid womenfolk still ringing in
their ears.
"So far we have halted the rebel
advance on Madrid,” exulted Gen.
Jose Asensio, Socialist commander.
The government line, ranging south
east from Illescas to the Madrid-Aran
juez highway, near Sesena. withstood
a flailing insurgent bombardment, and
(See SPAIN. Page A-3.)
Morale of Soldiers Is Bet
ter—Loyalist Train
Associated Press Staff Writer
October 21. —Trapped in a moun
tain tunnel, a Socialist armored train
was besieged today by Insurgents
advancing on El Escorial.
Fascist troops tore up railroad
tracks at both ends of the tunnel
to imprison the train, consisting of
a locomotive and an armored coach,
under a Guadarrama Mountain ridge
The engineer of the government
military express, which had attacked
insurgent positions near Robledo with
rifle and machine gun fire, attempted
vainly to speed through blockading
Fascist soldiers.
On one end the insurgents halted
the locomotive by spreading the rails.
The puffing engine backed into the
tunnel and chugged to the other end,
only to find its path blocked again—
this time by Fascists with crowbars
and dynamite. x
A Socialist commander in the coach
finally ordered the engineer to retreat
inside the tunnel while insurgents on
both ends completed destruction of the
* uui * uwviuv wiuuiiio, iticaii niiui.,
awaited eagerly the order to attack El
Escorial, key of Madrid’s northern de
fenses and only 24 miles northwest of
the capital.
From behind the insurgent lines this
correspondent could see the capital
from the top of Ombida Peak In the
mountains which surround El Escorial.
Twenty-five miles away, in bright
sunlight, we saw Madrid over gently
sloping ground. It took me almost an
hour of hard climbing to get to the
top of the mountain.
On the summit I found a group of
turbaned, blanketed Moorish sentries,
eager for relief from the windy moun
tain posts.
Just a View of the capital has lent
increased morale to the Fascist
“Do you know we can see Madrid?”
says a young captain, grinning like a
schoolboy. “At night we can see the
lights of the city.”
First Ballet Gets Deer.
BUFFALO, N. Y., October 31
It was not only Mrs. Lulu A. Archer’s
first hunting trip but it was also the
I first bullet she fired that bagged her
, a 175-pound buck deer.
$2,000,000 BLAZE
Two Critically Hurt as Thou
sands Watch 200 Fire
men at Work.
•> tht Associated Press.
SAN DIEGO. Calif.. October 21.—A
spectacular skyline fire swept through
a downtown business block today with
damage estimated by owners at $2,
OOO.OOO, before it was brought under
Thousands of persons watched 200
firemen and volunteers win a slow
battle against the flames, which broke
out shortly after midnight In the
Whitney department store and leaped
to the full height of the 11-story
Watts Office Building In the same
Street car and utility service was
cut off in the area as firemen mopped
up the blaze.
Two Critically Hurt.
Two men were critically Injured. A
fireman, Eddie Baum, suffered a pos
sible skull fracture when the nozzle
of a high-pressure hose broke. V.
Szczepanski, 21, seaman, attached to
the destroyer Dale, suffered a head
injury that Naval Hospital attaches
said would be fatal when he fell
through the roof of the burning Na
i tional Dollar store while handling
* another fire hose.
> me interior oi me mrec-siory
; Whitney store was destroyed. Only
the blackened walls remained stand
ing. The National Dollar store like
wise was a total loss,
i Guilford Whitney, president and
! owner of Whitney's, estimated his con
| cem’s loss alone at $1,500,000, includ
ing $750,000 stock. He said this was
covered by Insurance.
Store Stocks Damaged.
Fire, smoke or water damaged goods
in the Foreman & Clark, Woolworth
and Lion clothing stores, while every
floor of the 11-story Watts Building
on one side had windows cracked.
The conflagration cast a fiery glow
over San Diego throughout the early
morning hours.
A $350,000 steel and concrete annex
building built for the Whitney store
was damaged slightly by heat.
For hours, while the Are defied con
trol, the water pressure dropped,
alarming the fire lighters. The city
was forced to tap an additional reser
voir. v
The fire apparently first broke out
in a second-floor stock room in Whit
ney’s. Its cause was not determined.
4Roosevelt’ and4London’ Enter
Arkansas’ Terrapin Derby
n.> uic naoutiBicu new.
LEPANTO, Ark., October 21
Townsfolk and fanners put aside
their chores today to see the annual
Main street terrapin derby run in a
holiday atmosphere ruled by fervor
and fair play.
Louisville never got any more
pepped up abopt its most famous
horse race than this village of 1,195
residents did this year in staging its
greatest civic show. Only the terra
pins seemed immune to the general
Each of the 220 hard-shelled en
tries had its backers, but those who
wanted to support their Judgment of
turtle flesh with cash had to make
their wagers sub rasa.
Mrs. C. B McClellan, wife of the
Mayor, declared a ban on betting and
said the townswomen had seen to it
that no one tampered with the non
chalant entries.
“But 1 really don’t know,’’ 'she add
ed, “how any one could 'fix’ a ter
rapin derby.’’
The Shellback Sweepstakes nas
been a local event for several years,
but this one attracted much more
attention, and Lepanto enjoyed its
publicity-bred "boom.”
Crowds began gathering long be
fore poet time (2:80 central atandard
time.) School children were given a
holiday. Pretty girla sold homemade
candy and lemonade and the women
of the parent-teacher association
bustled about, happily counting prof
its that will go toward building a new
The not-so-hlgh-strung racers had
numbers painted on their backs last
night so their backers can pick them
out when they are lined up on the
200-yard course and released to amble
to fame and $$0 in cash—$15 straight,
$10 place and $5 show.
"Roosevelt,” entered by Storekeeper
Mike Dindunky, ruled a slight fa
vorite, but there was support for
"Landon,” a likely looking terrapin
entered by Farmer John Rltchett.
Ending of Factional Differ
ences Seen Aid to Re
publican Chances.
Democratic Edge Considered Only
on Surface, With Stir Going
on Among Voters.
Staff Correspondent ot i ne Star
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., October 21 —
On the surface Roosevelt appears to
hold the edge In Indiana. It is what
is under the surface, however, that
is worrying the Democrats today. Gov.
Alf M Landon, the Republican nomi
nee. is to speak in Indianapolis Satur
day night.
A few months ago Indiana looked
to be in the bag for Roosevelt. Re
publicans were widely split, and with
apparently little hope. Today the
picture is very different. The Repub
licans are on their toes and fighting.
Landon is popular with the Hoosiers.
They like his simplicity and his repu
tation for thrift and hominess.
The first thing a visitor hears when
he approaches the political situation
in Indianapolis is that the Negro
vote has swung strongly to the Demo
cratic party—or rather to Roosevelt,
who is regarded as the giver of relief.
The Negro vote in this city is variously
estimated at from 23,000 to 30.000. It
may well hold the balance of power in
a close election.
Negroes usually Republican.
In bygone years, the Negro vote has
been almost solidly Republican. It
slipped in 1932, and still more in
1934. This year the Democrats are
counting on getting the support of
the great majority of the Negroes.
They talk of 80 or 90 per cent. All
the activity for the Negro vote, how
ever, is not on the Democratic side.
The Republicans are trying to make
the Negro see the light—the G. O. P.
A great many colored people are
on relief. Some seem to like it. The
Democrats are telling them that if
Landon is elected relief money will
cease to flow to them. It is an effect
ive argument. The Republicans seek
to offaet it by telling the Negro voter
nothing of the kind will happen. And
further that the money is not coming
from Rooeevelt but from the taxpay
ers, many of whom are Republicans.
There is an amusing story that the
Negroes are being told that the elec
tion officials can tell which way they
vote by the sound of the bell on the
voting machines—and if they want
to stay on relief they had better vote
Hoosierdom has always been famous
for taking its politics seriously. Never,
apparently, has there been more in
terest in an election than in this one.
The registration lists are larger than
ever before, as they are in other
States. In Indianapolis the potential
voters are said 'to be on the polling
lists up to 96 per cent or more. Much
(See INDIANA, Page A^j
Offenders in France Liable to Fine
and Imprisonment.
PARIS. October 21 —Socialist
Premier Leon Blums government to
day reinforced virtual dictatorship
over prices by the creation of a price
control committee to prosecute prof
iteers. Offenders will be liable to
fine and imprisonment.
The government said it considered
strict discipline of prices was an
essential factor for success of de
Bystanders Chased From
“Crown Property” by
London Police.
B» the Associated Press.
LONDON, October 21—Declaring
It was "crown property." police today
shooed loiterers away from Cumber
land Terrace, site of the new home
of Mrs. Wallis Simpson, King Ed
ward’s American friend.
A sergeant and two constables pa
trolled the district.
Every time any one tarried out
side No. 16, Mrs. Simpson’s home,
they were told: “You won't see the
person you want to see.”
Pointing to lamp-posts on which
was embossed “G. R,” (George Rex),
one constable announced:
“Ordinary garden people don’t live
here, y’know. This is crown prop
Some one asked him what would
happen to persons who insisted on
standing in Cumberland Terrace.
“They’ll likely get in serious trou
ble,” the constable rejoined.
The “G. R.” on the lamp-posts
means they were erected during the
reign of the late King George. Ed
ward's father, on ground which be
longs to the crown and was leased to
building landlords for 100 years or
Mrs. Simpson herself holds only a
(See SIMPSON, Page A-3.)
Rumanian and Yugoslav Officials
Open Negotiations.
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, October 21
(&).—Rumanian Premier George Ta
tarescu started confidential negotia
tions today with Premier Milan Stoya
dlnovitch of Yugoslavia, lending cred
ence to reports of a new defrnsive un
derstanding among the states of
Southeastern Europe.
Diplomatic circles said League of
Nations guarantees for small states
were feared wholly Inadequate, forc
ing them together for security with
the object of "keeping out of wars
which are not of our business.”
An enlarged version of the Balkan
entente was understood to be con
templated, with the possible inclu
sion of Bulgaria.
Summary of Today’s Star
Pace Pan
Amusements B-10 Puzzles -B-14
Comics _B-14 Radio _B-ll
Editorial_A-l* Sports ... A-14-1*
Finance ... A-17 Society-B-3
Lost & Found A-3 Short Story B-9
Obituary.. A-12 Woman’s Pg. B-12
Landon charges New Deal threatens
Bill of Rights. Page A-l
Roosevelt assails regimentation in
Providence, R. I., speech. Page A-l
Roosevelt holding only surface edge in
Indiana. Page A-l
John W. Davis declares New Deal is
not Democratic. Page A-2
Landon and Ickes tilt on Secretary’s
“State Socialist” charge. Page A-4
Shower of rotten eggs prevent Browder
radio talk. Page A-2
Gerald Smith disowned by Townsend
and Lemke. Page A-3
Vandenberg sees recordings in use for
campaigns. Page A-7
Fire caused $2,000,000 damage and in
jured 2 at San Diego. Page A-l
Green offers plan for settling Seattle
newspaper strike. Page A-2
Russia threatens to rush planes to aid
Madrid. Page A-l
British press has first mention of
Simpeon divorce. Page A-l
Grand jury told of alleged police,
bondsmen link. Page A-l
Girl gets five years in “date-on-a-bet”
slaying. Page A-S
Maj. W. A. Scully, World War aviator,
killed by automobile. Page A-12
Fiscal relations hearing to be broad
cast; Lusk first witness. -Page B-l
Maryland towns tell of flood protec
* tion needs. Page B-l
A. A. A. weighs question of higher milk
price. Page B-l
W. S. Herndon indicted for alleged
Fidelity defalcations. Page B-l
Cardinal Pacelli to arrive here tonight
for brief visit. Page B-l
Colonials planning surprise attack
against Wake Forest. PageA-14
Deacon* in fine trim for G. W. Friday
night. Page A-14
Catholic U. gaining grid prestige in
East. Page A-14
Foley only Card casual as Ole Miss
game looms. PageA-14
Eleanor Jarrett to seek A. A. U. re
instatement. Page A-14
Fine blocking makes possible game
winning long runs. PageA-15
Western High's fancy foot ball defeats
Roosevelt. Page A-15
Young Henry May proving duckpin
sensation. Page A-16
Hardware sales set record. Page A-17
U. S. bonds settle. Page A-17
L B. A. members to meet in Bal
timore Page A-1S
Specialties push stocks up. Page A-1*
Industrials lead curb trend. Page A-19
Cotton spindles busier. Page A-19
Alice Longworth. Page A-19
This and That Page A-19
Answers to Questions. * Page A-19
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
Paul Mallon. Page A-ll
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-ll
Jay Franklin. Page A-ll
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
Washington Wayside. Page A-Z
Traffic Convictions. Page B-9
City News in Brief. Page B-9
Dorothy Dix Page B-1Z
Bedtime Stay. Page B-13
Contract Page B-13
Men’s Fashions. Page B-13
Nature’s Children. Page B-13
Vital Statistics. Page B-29
i d m blame
ThaTS the WAY I
Freight on Subways
Arouses Anger of
New York Official
Bj the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, October 21 —
Morton Moses, city alderman in
the midst of a campaign to take
New York subways out of the
freight business, was aroused to
day by this list of articles re
cently found in Interborough
Rapid Transit cars:
A picture of Abraham Lincoln
A bath room scale.
A 4-foot Statue of Liberty.
An iron bedstead, with mat- i
These and similar articles are
unfair, the alderman says, be
cause they jab passengers in the
ribs and other places.
Mr. Moses was particularly
angry the other day. On his
train was a man with a 100
pound coal bag on his back and
a big shovel in his hand.
■ ■
Prince Georges Investiga
tors Told of Alleged Police
Link With Bondsmen.
By a Stafl Correspondent ot The dtat.
21.—Investigation of charges that
Washington motorists have been
mulcted of thousands of dollars
through collusion between some Prince
Georges County policemen and some
bondsmen, who have received heavy i
fees as “fines” before cases were
brought to trial, was continued by the
grand jury here today.
State Police Supt. Enoch B. Garey
appeared briefly before the group this
morning. After 10 minutes in the
jury room, he left the court house.
He had been requested to appear, it
was understood, to release certain
State records for study.
A statement issued today by Harvey
L. Cobb of Washington, attorney for
the Keystone Automobile Club, which
has employed investigators to collect
data presented to the jury yesterday,
“The evidence thus far obtained in
dicates that motorists have been
mulcted; that they have paid certain
moneys for alleged fines, and after the
fine was paid the county records have
been altered, reducing the charge and
at the same time reducing the fine,
and that no refund was made to the
surveyed 400 Cases.
As revealed by Cobb, a preliminary,
survey of some 400 cases, most of them
involving Washington motorists, “in
dicates certain corrupt practices.*
Cobb declared that the alleged col
lusion occurred after arrest of drivers
on charges of exceeding 60 miles per
hour or drunken driving. He said the
procedure was a “fixing” of the case
before trial, with the driver’s payment
to a bondsman precluding his appear
ance in court. Then, according to
Cobb, evidence was shown that charges
were reduced and cases were settled
by small collateral forfeitures.
Retained by the Keystoue Automo
bile Club. Attorneys Louis Lebowltz
of Mount Rainier and Walter Newrath
of Washington yesterday appeared be
fore the group and submitted affidavits
collected from motorists who had Com
plained of conditions at the Hyatts
ville station.
- Yesterday’s action by the jury was
(See GRAND JURY, Page A-2.)
75,000 in Los Angeles Hear
Kansan Charge Threat
to Bill of Rights.
(Text 0/ Landon Speech Page AS.)
By tbe Associated Press.
ROUTE TO PHOENIX. Ariz., October
21.—Gov. All M. Landon. charging the
New Deal threatened to destroy the Bill
of Rights, turned his presidential cam
paign eastward across the continent
today from Los Angeles.
“If we are to preserve our American
form of government this administra
tion must be defeated," the Republican
nominee told a cheering throng that
Police Capt. H. C. Brawster estimated
at 75,000 in the huge Los Angeles Coli
seum last night.
In a 40-minute radio speech, the j
longest thus far, Landon said “planned
society, which is the alternative to rep- {
resentative government • * • has de- !
stroyed freedom of speech, freedom of
the press, freedom of religion.”
The Los Angeles visit also was
marked by Landon’s issuance of a
formal statement replying to a speech
in Washington by Secretary Ickes who
described the Kansan as a “State So
cialist." Landon in his reply said the
New Deal spokesmen had switched
their attack upon him as “a puppet of
big business” to “the ground that I am
a Socialist and the enemy of big busi
Charges “Contradictory Policies.”
He compared the campaign move to
“throwing the ball around wildly at
tempting to score,” and charged “this
is typical of the confusion and con
tradictory policies” of the administra
During his overnight Los Angeles
visit Landon’s callers included Fred
Margett. California organizer for the I
Townsend old-age pension movement, j
and Bernarr Macfadden. the publisher.
In his speech Landon criticized
•‘abuse” of the power of congressional
investigation, mentioning a recent in
quiry of which, he said, "the thinly I
veiled purpose apparently was to dis
credit a political movement which the
controlling party wished to crush.” !
Some observers interpreted his re
mark as referring to the investigation
of the pension movement sponsored
by Dr. F. E. Townsend of Los Angeles.
Townsend has urged followers unable
to vote for William Lemke. Union
party nominee, to cast their ballot
for Landon.
Landon contended the present ad
ministration. "when the crisis was
over,” instead of giving up "its ex
traordlnary powers,” asked for more
(See LANDON, Page A-3.)
Wife Remains at Detroit Hospital
With Senator.
DETROIT, October 21 </P).—The
condition of United States Senator
James Couzens. seriously ill in Har
per Hospital here, was reported to be
"somewhat improved” early today.
Mrs. Couzens remained at the hos
pital with the veteran Senator, while
his son. Mayor Frank Couzens, kept
in close touch with attending physi
The Senator is suffering, his physi
cians said, from a recurrence of a
kidney ailment, for whieh he under
went an operation at Rochester,
Minn., last year.
New Camera Reveals Number.
Of Birds* Wine Beats a Minute
By the Associated Press.
PITTSBURGH, October 21.—A new
camera—clicking a picture in each
hundred-thousandth of a second—
ripped the cloak of uncertainty from
the flying habits of birds today.
It showed naturalists what they
might only have guessed at otherwise
—the number of wlngbeats a minute,
and why the little humming bird can
fly backwards.
The American Ornithologists Upton,
meeting at Carnegie Institute, a# it
Delegates saw the wings of the tiny
humming bird move so swiftly they
appeared not to move at all, but the
new camera recorded 40 strokes each
second while the bird hovered and 75
a second on the takeoff.
Other birds In flight move their
wings In a circular motion, but the
camera shows the humming bird has
a shoulder motion and the experts
think that explains how It can go Into
The new camera has sound, too.
The bird experts heard the beat of the
ruffled grouse, that sound so exciting
to the hunter, the woodpecker’s rat
tat-tat and alarm call of the Antarc
tic penguin.
Massachusetts Institute of Technol
ogy developed the camera and Harold
E. Edgerton and Charles L. Blake of
that school, took the movies.
Dr. Arthur A. Allen of ComelV Uni
versity. obtained the sound effects. He
has developed them to accompany mu
seum habitat groups.
d V
Tells Rhode Island Crowd
They Are More Important
Than Machines.
Mentions Constitution and Says
Material Resources Should Serve
Human Resources.
B» the Associated Press.
PROVIDENCE, R. I„ October 21
President Roosevelt told a huge crowd
fronting the State capitol today that
the American people were "more im
portant than machines" and the “ma
terial resources of America should
serve the human resources of Amer
ica." “
In opening his New England cam
paign. the President also declared the
American people should not be al
lowed again “to be regimented by
selfish minorities into bankruptcies
and bread lines” and that the 1929
type of prosperity should be avoided.
The kind of prosperity sought, he
said, was that which would assure
every American family safety of home,
old age. savings and employment.
Mentioning the Constitution at the
outset of his brief speech, the Presi
dent said he was standing on the “
steps of the capitol of a State “so in
dependent that it did not ratify the
Constitution of the United States
until two years after it was in effect."
Speaks From Car.
The President spoke from an open
car resting on a stone landing. The
crowd gave him a noisy welcome as
he arrived and was introduced by
Gov. Theodore F. Green.
Gov. James M. Ctirley of
chusetts also stood near by.
Following the speech the Presir'
started by motor for Worcester. V
where he makes the principal
dress of his two-day New Enr-'
drive tonight. His route lay past I
River and New Bedford, where brief
addresses from his car were scheduled.
Before alighting from the train the
President called Gov. Green to the
rear platform and exchanged greet
Meanwhile Gov. Curley, the only
one in the crowd wearing a silk hat,
awaited beside the rear platform for
recognition from the President.
As Roosevelt left the train, he greet
ed Curley with "Jim, bow are you"
and "glad to see you."
With Roosevelt riding to the State
capitol were only Mrs. Roosevelt and
Gov. Green. Curley rode in a car
Text of Speech.
Following is the text of President
Roosevelt's talk:
"I am standing on the steps of the
capitol of a State so independent
that It did not ratify the Constituicn
of the United States until two yean
after it was in effect. Around me lies
the most highly industrial and
densely populated State in the coun
“I could speak to no people who
better understand the interdependence
of modem economic life.
"I have said that what the present
national administration has tried to
do was to adjust statecraft to real
ity—the reality of 48 States which have
agreed to live together in a machine
“When this administration came
to Washington March 4, 1933. the
machine of our national economy
had completely broken down. For
12 years it had been neglected by
those who believed that machines did
not need tending. We tried to re
build that machine, to modernise it
and to turn on the purchasing
“It was the biggest peace-time job
ever attempted. It called for energy
(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-2.)
Bank Deposits Seen Sufficient to
Warrant larger Volume
of Trade.
Bv the Associated Press.
Va., October 21.—V. G. Iden, secre
tary of the American Institute of
Steel Construction, expressed the
opinion today the Nation has "In hand
adequate bank deposits for a very
much larger volume of business than
we had even in 1929.”
He told the institute's fourteenth
annual convention "the tide of the
depression has spent Itself," and
added in a prepared address:
"Surveys show that in 1929 the num
ber of people gainfully employed in
the United States amounted to
47,000,000. Today there are 46.500,000
gainfully employed. Those figures In
clude the 3,000.000 on emergency
Government work. Also they do not
take Into account the 2,000.000 of
young persons who have, since the
beginning of the depression, grown
to an age when they would normally
seek employment.
"The figures do show, however, that
If we could tomorrow find jobs for
from 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 persons
we would have on our hands an em
ployment situation similar to that
which existed in 1929, when business
was booming. The goal is not unrea
sonable. It can be attained with a
little effort. • • •
"The boom that culminated in 1929
was financed on time and demand
deposits of about $53,000,000,000.
Similar deposits today aggregate about
$50,000,000,000. Even taking into ac
count the Increased reserve require
ments * * * the probable demand
upon our deposits because of the re
cent deflation of foreign currencies,
we have in hand adequate bank de
posits for a very much larger volume
of business than we had even in

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