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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1936, Image 1

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WEATHER I {
(U. 8. Weather Bureau roreesit.) yAAf Full Aftsnriafori Proaa
Mostly cloudy and wanner, probably ■ W m {.uu ASSOCiaWO rreSS
light showers today; tomorrow, rain and ■ \ ■ I INeWS and WirephotOS
colder; fresh southwest winds today. ■ ■ ■ | qllriri„,, „ __j
Temperatures—Highest, 57. at 4 p.m. yes- I ft I ft OlHlday Morning and
terday; lowest. 33. at 7 a.m. yesterday. Every AftemOOIl.
Pull report on Page B-4. w w
__C4*) Means Aaaooiated Press.
No. 1,650—No. 33,787. gjpaff rlcX,attcr WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1936-124 PAGES. ** m wa?iYJL„CENTS TEN CENTS
- ■ - ) ■■ '■ . - .. — . .... .. -- IN WASHINGTON a fan SP?TTRBS 1 pt jnrwwwwir
FIGHT JUST BEGUN’—ROOSEVELT;
LANDON PLEDGES FULL RECOVERY;
SURVEY GIVES NEW DEAL MARGIN
- ,
President to
Battle for
‘Humanity.’
’LEDGES FARM,
LABOR HELP
Welcomes Hatred
of ‘Organized
Money.’
(Roosevelt Text. Page A-6.)
(’the Associated Press. *
NEW YORK. October 31—Amid
undering applause of thousands of
•emocrats rallying to his cause in
tadison Square Garden, President
oosevelt told the Nation tonight that
might expect from four more years
f the New Deal "a fight on behalf of
ibor, the farmer, the unemployed and
ie home owners and for social secur
y and better banking.”
That, he said ,is the "answer to
lose wno, silent about their own
Ians, ask us to state our objectives."
5*0/ the most part, the speech was
recitation of things already under -
aken by the administration, sprinkled
i’ith repeated assertions that “we have
1st begun to fight.”
Into the final major address of his
lid for re-election were injected, too,
mother thrust at Republican regimes
if 1929 to 1932, his own definition of
he campaign issue, and a declaration
hit he welcomed the "hatred” of
hose who sought government by
organized money.”
The Garden was a riot of noise and
tolor and motion as the Chief Execu
;ive stepped upon the speakers’ plat
iorm and into the blue-white flare of
spotlights cutting through cigarette
smoke like an Army searchlight
through a night haze.
Pandemonium in Garden.
Minute after minute the pande- ,
monium kept up. The President stood 1
smiling, waving, making little attempt
at first to silence the tremendous
Uproar.
Crowds swarmed into the farthest ;
caches of the balconies, madly wav-'
big flags and cheering wildly.
A balcony band playing at top speed
was scarcely audible above the pande
monium, swelled by horns and whistles
ind bells.
After the boisterous greeting had
lasted 10 minutes over his radio time, I
the President began to wave the '
throng into their seats, but hand- ;
clapping by Gov. Herbert H. Lehman j
kept them doggedly shouting and
Whistling.
Finally Mr. Roosevelt pulled out his
yellow gold watch and held it on high.
Then he shook his hand trying to
obtain silence as a chant of “We want
Roosevelt" reverberated tthrough the
vast Indoor amphitheater.
For 13 minutes the ovation lasted.
Senator Robert F. Wagner, Demo
crat, of New York introduced the
President as “our fearless leader and
the bearer of our destinies, the Presi
dent of the United States.”
Even as he began speaking per
spiration had started forming on the
President’s forehead.
Flags hung from beams overhead,
bunting from the balconies In the
rear were huge portraits of Roosevelt i
ind Lehman. In front were thou
sands—the sports arena seats 21,000—
of yelling people spread out into the
dimness of the big chamber.
Outside other thousands listened to
the speeches through amplifiers.
A crack of applause rang through
the Garden when the President said
at the start that the 1936 issue goes
”to humanity itself.”
It echoed again when he said that
(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-3.)
Rain Prediction
For Election Day
Hits Farm Vote
Cold, Wet Weather
Likely to Prevail
East of Rockies.
87 the Associated Press.
Most of the Nation east of the
Rocky Mountains may march to the
;to11s Tuesday in the rain, Uncle Sam's
'leather men indicated yesterday.
The weather outlook for election day,
Which politicians watch for its effect
on the farm vote, struck a particularly
dubious note for the New England
ahopkeeper and the prairie plowman.
Cold and possibly wet weather, it
laid, threatened polling places all
along the East Coast from New Eng
land down to Virginia. The outlook
included, also, the vast expanse of
Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland
and numerous Eastern States with
targe industrial populations. Rain was
expected to start "sometime Tues
tay" and continue on Wednesday.
Heavy precipitation was indicated j
for Ohio Valley States and Tennessee
tomorrow, possibly ending Tuesday,
with warmer weather.
Comparatively cold weather, with
rather frequent rainfall threatened
voters of the Great Lakes region and
the fanning communities of the Cen
tral and Midwest States.
' Rain, with temperatures below nor
mal was Indicated for Eastern por
tions ,of the Gulf States and "rather
unsettled" weather over other South
ern States east of the Mississippi, ex
cept for Florida, where prospects were
reported “pretty good.”
The outlook for the Southern Plains
and Western Gulf States was generally
fair, with temperatures below normal.
>■ njr, normal wsathsr was expected
in the Far Western States, and gen
erally fair weather was in prospect far j
the northern Rocky Mountain a pea.
> 1
The Star’s Survey Finals
Forecast Gives Roosevelt 301 Votes, Landon 139,
With 91 Still Doubtful—Only Ground Swell
Can Beat President.
-
—— -By G. Gould Lincoln.... ■ .
Complete table of forecast of line-up of States’ electoral
votes on Page D-3, Part 2.
ON THE surface, it is Roosevelt and Garner.
Only a political ground swell—such as is claimed by the
Republican leaders, but which it is difficult to discern—can
upset the New Deal apple cart Tuesday.
Such a swell isjiot impossible. It merely seems improbable.
There are certain imponderables, however, that might upset the
most carefully made computations, among them a wave of con
servative sentiment, outraged by New Deal experiments and New
Deal spending, spirit of revolt against the social security act, with
its pay roll tax.
A majority of the American people appears ready to take the
cash and let the future take care of itself. Cash from an increase
in business and employment—and cash from the Federal Treasury.
The two items in the situation chiefly helpful to the New Deal
cause in the coming election are this upturn in business and the
Democratic picture of President Roosevelt as a friend of the poor
man—of labor—and as a great humanitarian.
It looks now as though President Roosevelt would have 301
electoral votes from States surely Democratic and States leaning
Democratic. The same listing of States gives to Gov. Alt M. Lan
don, the Republican candidate, 139 electoral votes from States
sure Republican or leaning in that direction. This leaves 91 elec
toral votes in half a dozen States where the race is extremely
close, or seems to be. Necessary to elect are 266 electoral votes.
Large Popular Vote Is Predicted for Landon.
There is a real sentiment for Landon, who has made a gallant
campaign against odds, as well as a very real sentiment against
Roosevelt, his New Deal policies and his administration. It will
be reflected in a large popular vote for the Republican candidate.
Particularly will the upsurge of republicanism and anti-Roose
velt sentiment be reflected in an increase in the Republican mem
bership of the House of Representatives, a most salutary thing
for the Government and an end desired by not a few Democrats
who, while they have felt impelled to go along with their national
ticket, would like to see the brakes applied to the New Deal policies.
Republican estimates of the gain in congressional seats range
from a bedrock of 75 to 100. The Democrats, who admit that the
Republicans will make gains in the House, hope to hold the in
crease down to 50 seats.
A personal survey in States stretching from Massachusetts to
California leads me to give the edge to Roosevelt in the following
29 States with a total of 301 electoral votes:
Alabama, 11; Arizona, 3; Arkansas, 9; California, 22; Colorado,
6; Delaware, 3; Florida, 7; Georgia, 12; Idaho, 4; Kentucky, 11;
Louisiana, 10; Maryland, 8; Mississippi. 9: Missouri, 15; Montana,
4; Nebraska, 7; Nevada, 3; New York, 47; North Carolina, 13; North
Dakota, 4; Oklahoma, 11; Oregon, 5; South Carolina. 8; Tennessee,
11; Texas, 23; Utah. 4; Virginia, 11; West Virginia, 8, and Wiscon
sin, 12.
To Landon the edge belongs in the following 1$ States with a
total of'139 electoral votes. '
Connecticut, 8; Iowa, 11; Kansas, 9; Maine, 3; Massachusetts,
17; Miohigan, 19; New Hampshire, 4; New Jersey, 16; .Pennsyl
vania, 36; Rhode Island, 4; South Dakota, 4; Vermont, 3, and
Wyoming, 3.
The following half dozen States appear doubtful in the extreme
and may go either way. with a total of 91 electoral votes:
Illinois, 29; Indiana, 14; Minnesota, 11; New Mexico, 3; Ohio,
26, and Washington, 8. Most of the surveys include Washington
in the Democratic column and perhaps it should be so placed.
ncsuu may ne unangeo in uouduui sum.
A big Landon pushover, if it comes, may change the results in
a number of the States labelled Roosevelt in this list, and may give
Landon nearly all of the States, if not all, of those marked doubtful.
On the other hand, if the Roosevelt swing is impressive it may
carry into the Democratic column some of the States here given
to the Republicans.
If Landon carries the States allotted to him and the doubtful
States, a total of 230 electoral votes, he would have to take from
the Roosevelt list only 31 electoral votes for victory. New York,
alone, with its 47 electoral votes, would be more than sufficient, or
for example, Delaware, Nebraska, West Virginia, Oregon and Wis
consin, with a total of 35 electoral votes.
It has been an axiom of politics in recent years that a
Republican President cannot be elected unless he carries New
York. The Empire State has been carried by every successful
Republican presidential candidate since reconstruction days, except
in 1876, when Tilden, the Democratic candidate, won in New York
over Hayes, his Republican opponent. So close was the Hayes
election that it was thrown into the Hoifse of Representatives
and to an electoral commission for final decfsion in favor of the
Republican. Harding, Coolidge and Hoover could have been
elected without New York.
Today it looks as though New York is a sine qua non to
Landon victory, although as indicated above. New York could
still be left in the Roosevelt column and Landon have a majority
of all electoral votes. Some of the foremost Republican leaders
admitted to me that they must have New York for victory. The
great preponderance of opinion in New York is that the State
will wind up in the Democratic column. It is a tug of war between
upstate New York and New York City.
Final advices from Illinois and Ohio, two of the great pivotal
States in this election, are that it is largely a guess which way
they will turn. One of the keenest impartial observers in Illinois
says “Illinois looks like a toss-up to me. I fancy Roosevelt still
has the edge, but this is sheer guess work. Landon may come up
to Cook County (Chicago) with a lead of 200,000 or more. There
is no good line on how Cook County is going as the attack on
the social security act is reported making heavy inroads on
workers’ votes. Republicans claim Landon will carry the State
by 350,000; Democrats claim Roosevelt by 200,000.”
Margin Expected to Be Narrow in Ohio.
From Ohio comes word that the State may go either for
Roosevelt or Landon by the narrow margin of 30.000 to 40,000, i
this estimate is made by one who has followed elections in the ;
Buckeye State and been correct in estimates for a quarter century, j
It is his opinion that the great rural vote will give Landon, j
probably, the necessary edge. He goes further, and predicts that!
the same rural vote in the West will make possible a Landon I
election without New York’s 47 votes, and that the election may!
be a repetition of 1916, when the outcome was not decided until
all the outlying districts in many of the States of the West,
including California, had been counted. The Republican candi
date for Governor, Bricker, is expected to carry the 8tate by
350,000 or more. If he does, Bricker may be a Republican
presidential possibility in 1940.
If the Landon swing comes, as predicted by the Republican
leaders, it will be due in large part to an uprising of the people
on the farms and in the small towns and rural districts of the
country. Rarely before, if ever, in a national election has the rural
population been so aligned against the cities. The industrial cen
ters are the backbone of the Roosevelt strength—except in the
South where country and city alike seem to be living up to their
traditions in support of the New Deal, which wears the label of
the Democratic party.
If the Landon swing comes it may also be due in considerable
part to the issue which has been injected into the campaign almost
at the eleventh hour by the Republican campaign strategists—the
pay roll tax. This is an issue which the people have been able
to sink their teeth in. They can understand it. For it means tak
ing out of the wages and salaries of the industrial and city workers
part of the money which is due them each week or month. As this
Ky roll tax—for the support of old-age pensions and, in some of
b States, unemployment insurance—has been Impressed upon
the minds of the workers there has been real resentment, partic
ularly when they realize that this money so taken from them is to
be returned in a very slender pension for their old age, provided
they reach 65 years.
If the Landon swing comes it will also be due in part to a
resentment among a great many church people—Protestant and
Catholic alike—against the implications of the New sDeal and
against the attacks which have been leveled ter New Dealers upon
the Constitution and the Supreme Court. Wide spread publicity
to report that Communists are supporting Roosevelt for re-elec
tion nas not been without effect on these people.
The pay roll tax issue has thrown a greater element of un
(Continued oa Page 3, Column 3J
f J
> -
Governor Sees
Foe’s Program
Secret.
CLOSES DRIVE
IN ST. LOUIS
■ ■ .
Good Government
to Be Restored,
15,000 Hear.
(London Text, Page A-7.)
Br the Associated Press.
ST. LOUIS, October 31.—Gov. All
M. Landon told an uproarious throng
tonight New Deal "broken promises”
were "holding us back” and closed his
presidential campaign by pledging a
restoration of "good government,”
bringing "full recovery and re-employ
ment.”
"Enterprise and Initiative are afraid
of the present administration,” the
Republican presidential nominee said,
contending it was "shocking” for
President Roosevelt to ask re-election
“on the basis of recovery” when 11,
000,000 were unemployed.
Before a cheering, stamping, flag
waving Halloween night crowd over
flowing space for 15,000 in the big
Municipal Auditorium, the Kansas
Governor said his Democratic oppo
nent “has not revealed his program
for the future.”
"The present administration,” Lan
don said, “has tried to conceal that
our form of government is an Issue
in this campaign. It has tried to run
from its record instead of on its rec
nr* ’•
Landon spoke at the end of a cam
paign trail which had taken him near
ly 20,000 miles, including a transcon
tinental thrust from Los Angeles to
New York.
Mrs. Landon Present.
For the first time, Mrs. Landon and
his 19-year-old daughter. Peggy Anne,
sat with him on a speaking platform.
Lowered behind the nominee dur
ing a deafening welcome which greet
ed the arrival of Mrs. Landon and
Peggy Anne, and then grew thunder
ous in volume as Landon walked out,
and continued unbroken for 11 min
utes. was a red. white and blue ban
ner reading, “You Can Believe Lan
don.”
Repeated effort* by the Governor to
begin his speech were drowned out
in the noise.
A chorus of boos echoed virtually
every mention of President Roose
velt and the New Deal. Hardly had
i the Governor begun when voices be.
gan to shout: “Giv it to 'em, All,”
and "Atta boy.*
There was a constant interruption
of applause bursts.
Landon closed his campaign for the
White House by presenting a “choice.”
“Let us.” he said, “look forward to
a great and happier America. An
America with real recovery, with
finances sound, with credit unques
tioned.
“An America that sees its farmers
free to plant what they want, raise
what they will and with a market
for their products.
“An America that sees'Its workers
content because Jobs are plentiful ana
secure, with wages rising. An America
that is united—united because our
people are making common cause as
Americans and irrespective of race,
color or creed.”
The Governor said "the two big
gest Jobs” today were getting 11.000,000
unemployed back to work and
"stopping the pouring of our money
through the great political sieve at
Washington.”
“The two Jobs are wrapped to
gether.” the Kansan said. "We can
not live forever off tomorrow’s in
come. We cannot live forever by
borrowing from our children. And we
cannot live forever a united Nation
with one-flfth of our working popu
lation dependent upon the Govern
ment.’’
For the "spending Job,” Landon
promised a balanced budget. Then he
asked:
“Why are there still 11,000,000 un
employed?
“The answer is that enterprise and
initiative are afraid of the present
administration. They don’t know
what the administration Is going to
do next. They lack confidence in
their own Government, and without
(See LANDON, Page A-5.)
i 1 '■1
ELECTION RETURNS
By Radio, Wire and Sky
Pie Stoning JHaf
Will provide a complete election service Tuesday night. A
battery of special telephones will be installed to answer In
quiries on the election from every State.
- Special bulletins will be flashed from the blimp Enterprise
beginning at 6:30 pm., retyred from The Star by a telephone
radio service.
The Star’s staff of newscasters, headed by G. Gould Lin
coln, will be on the air over Station WMAL at intervals from 6
pm. to Tam.
A huge Army searchlight, visible for 40 miles, will flash
signals Indicating the trend or victory from the base of the
Washington Monument.
Bulletins will be shown on a screen before The Star Build
ing and relayed to 20 theaters in Washington anqnearby
areas.
/Jim,what s got into this doq? ^
/ I NEVER SAW SUCH A SUDDENCHAHGt)
Uhahvthihg! - ^
<55
RENEWED,183DEAD
U. S. Girl Escapes Injury as
Planes Roar Over City
Four Times.
By the Associated Press.
MADRID, Octobr 31— Fascist war
planes twice bombed Madrid in four
trips over the Spanish capital today,
and brought the toll of death from
the air to 189.
An American girl. Virginia McKay
of Colorado Springs, Colo., escaped
injury when a single bomb landed
near her at 5:20 pan., during ti:e
third visit by the insurgent aircraft.
The aviators circled the city twice
to reconnoiter.
They returned on two additional
flights to hurl bombs into the Social
ist government capital, which the
Fascist army had hoped to capture
today.
The fourth trip was at dusk.
Two explosions echoed through the
city in the darkness.
Pedestrians scurried for shelter.
Anti-aircraft squads trained search
lights on the sky to spot the diving
Faaaiat planes.
Machine Guns Fire at Planes.
Anti-aircraft and machine guns
rattled fire at the bombers, which
swooped above the war ministry
building, a short distance from the
Associated Press office.
First reports said two of the Fascist
planes crashed.
After their second flight over
Madrid, during which they dropped
no bombs, the Fascist planes sped to
the west and then to the south,
loosing a number of projectiles on
nearby Oetafe. Pinto, Parla and Tor
rigon. Whether there were casual
ties at those points was not imme
(See SPAIN, Page A-4.)
HOEPPELS GIVEN STAY
Two-Day Reprieve Prom Arrest
on Sentence Is Granted.
Representative John H. Hoeppel of
Califorftia and his son, Charles, last
night were granted a two-day reprieve
from arrest on their prison sentence
for conspiring to sell a West Point
appointment for $1,000.
The Associated Press reported from
Los Angeles that the Hoeppels re
ceived the stay of sentence from the
United States attorneys office there,
acting on the request of Attorney
General Cummings.
The reprieve was said to have been
granted to allow the California Repre
sentative and his son to go to Wash
ington to surrender of their own
volition.
Two Die in Plane Crash.
EASTON, Kans., October 31 (jP).—
An airplane pleasure flight ended to
day in the death of Octave Ford, 27,
Midland. Kans., the pilot, and Jack
Dodd, 27, his brother-in-law. Lester
Thompson, on whose farm their sin
gle-motored monoplane crashed, said
he saw the plane circle the field sev
eral times and then suddenly dive.
-1
Stork Race Ends
With 6 Claiming
$500,000 Prize
Mothers of Nine May
Divide Award—Hear
ing Set Friday.
By tt>t Associated Press.
TORONTO, Ontario, October 31.—
The late Charles Vance Millar's stork
derby is over.
The finish came at 4:30 o'clock this
afternoon—10 years to the hour after
Millar's sudden death at the age of
72—with six mothers claiming to be
tied for the prize of *500,000.
The apparent winners, who will
share the fortune equally if their
claims are substantiated and if the
famous “clause 9“ is upheld at law,
are. with but two exceptions, mothers
who have borne their babies in dire
poverty.
They are:
Mrs. Lilly Kenny, whose husband
has been on relief mwch of the time
since the baby race began.
Mrs. Pguline Clark, who did not
realize she was a contender until
(See STORK, Page A-4.)
DEFICIENTBYHALF
Donovan Estimates Govern
ment Cost D. C. $12,152,
505, Twice Share U. S. Paid.
The District incurred a cost of $12.
152.505 during the past fiscal year for
services or benefits it rendered to the
United States, whereas the Federal
payment toward the bill was less than
half that sum. Maj. Daniel J. Donovan
yesterday advised the Commissioners.
Calculations of the excess burden
borne by the District because of the
Federal character attaching to the
city are to be used as one argument
for fiscal equity in further appearances
of District officials before the Presi
dential Committee which is seeking to
determine the proper size of the Fed
eral share.
The finding Is contained In a chart
prepared by Maj. Donovan from finan
cial studies made by department
executives to illustrate the division of
costs of the many departments as be
tween purely municipal functions and
benefits and those for the Federal
Government.
Baaed an 30 Operations.
The separation of the costs, partly
on the basis of actual figures and
partly on estimates, is outlined for 30
municipal operations and for each of
the 12 years from the fiscal years
1925 to 1936, inclusive.
Thu studies were started some weeks
ago at the suggestion of J. L. Jacobs
of Chicago, director of the committee.
At the recent public hearings before
the comndttee, its members indicated
this attempt to measure cost of Dis
trict service to the Federal Government
was but one avenue of investigation in
its search for basis of measuring an
equitable Federal obligation to the
Capital.
Under arrangements announced by
members of the committee. District
government department heads hive
been called to appear before the body
at its next formal session here next
Saturday. The District Commission
ers and Maj. Donovan are to go be
fore the fiscal group November 31 to
present their views.
Tax Bate Used in Calculation.
Commissioner Hazen has long
championed a plan to calculate the
Federal payment by applying the Dis
trict realty tax rate to the value of
Federal properties here which are ex
empted from taxation. He figured
yesterday that if the rate of |1.50 per
1100 of value were applied to the total
of Federal and private property ex
emptions the resulting figure would
amount to approximately 113,000,000,
or roughly the same figure found* by
Maj. Donovan to be the cost to the
District of services and benefits ren
dered to the United States by an in
dependent method.
Commissioner Hawn took for his
calculations the recent estimates of
Tax Assessor Red D. Allen which
placed the value of the exempt Fed
eral property In the District at $849,
738,158. The value of exempt prop
(See FISCAL, Page A-2.)
Radio Programs, Page F-3.
Complete later, fife A-2.
&
City’s Biggest, Most Fantas
tic Parade Lasts More
Than Hour.
(Picturei on Page B-l.)
Seventy-five thousand celebrators
turned out last night in a gay
mood to witness Washington's biggest,
noisiest and most fantastic Halloween
parade.
No stranger apparitions ever were
born of superstition than the goblins,
witches, ghosts and grotesque, balloon
like figures which moved down Con
stitution avenue to the music of a
dozen bands.
Crowds banked the parade route
from Sixth street to the disbanding
point beyond the gaily-lighted court
between Fourteenth and Seventeenth
streets presided over by the queen of
the festivities and her attendants.
Perfect Fall weather, with a brisk
chill in the air, boosted the record
breaking attendance. Police Chief
Ernest W. Brown, who led the parade,
estimated at least 75.000 persons
thronged the downtown area to watch
the spectacle.
The queen was 21-year-old Ada Dam
eron, a striking brunette, who arrived
at the reviewing stand on a gaily
decorated float surrounded by the 12
pretty girls who were her attendants.
The ladies of the court were accom
panied by the ‘king of revelry."
Maurice Jarvis, and the ‘‘court jester,’’
Dennis Connell, both well known in
local dramatic circles. x
Those in the reviewing stand in
cluded Commissioner Melvin Hazen;
Edgar Morris, president of the Board
(See HALLOWEEN, Page B-3.)
Coughlin Offers
President Public
Apology on6Scab5
Bs the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. October 31—Rev.
Charles E. Coughlin tonight made a
public “apology” for having called
President Roosevelt a “scab Presi
dent."
“I wish to close this campaign”
he said in his regular Saturday night
radio broadcast, “by apologizing for
any hurt which such words have
done his person.”
The priest’s original assertion was
made in a speech at Cleveland last
Monday night in which he called Mr.
Roosevelt the "scab President” and
asserted the W. P. A. was the “great
est army of scab labor in the history
of civilization.”
Tonight, he termed W. P. A. the
“largest army ever regimented at less
than a living wage” and said it was
supporting President Roosevelt.
The apology recalled a letter which
the priest wrote the President after
sailing him "the great liar and be
trayer,” in which he apologized for
(See COUGHLIN, Page A-16.)

Pendergast Cannot Vote.
KANSAS CITY, October 31 <jP>.—
For the first time in 43 years Thomas
&. Pendergast, head of the Kansas
City Democratic organization, will
not vote next Tuesday. He was un
able to register because of a long ill
ness and three operations.
MARITIME STRIKE
IN EAST IS VOTED
AS SHIPPING TIE-UP
NEARS FOR ALL U. S.
Seamen’s Union in New York
Demands Sympathy Walk
out, Overriding Officers,
Who Seek to Halt Action.
PACIFIC COAST IS IDLE;
RAIL EMBARGO ORDERED
Four Overland Lines Ban Freight
Destined to Points Beyond.
Arbitration Fails Despite Efforts
of Federal Officials—Anxiety
Felt for Hawaii and Alaska.
BACKGROUND—
Since September 30 Pacific Coast
maritime unions and employers
have been unable to agree on the
workers’ "fundamental demands"
concerning the hiring of labor. On
that date expired their agreement,
reached after the bitter 83-day
strike of 1934, in which seven were
killed, giving the unions control of
"hiring halls," places where sea
workers are engaged for a particu
lar voyage or job. Arbitration ef
forts were made before and after
expiration of the agreement, but
last Friday the unions called out
37,000 workers on the Coast and
the strike has been spreading since.
Bs the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. October 31.—Memben
of the International Seamen’s Union
tonight voted to call an immediate
strike on their own initiative after
officers of the organization opposing
the proposal were noisly overruled.
The action climaxed an uproarious
meeting at the Coopers’ Union, during
which more than five persons were
evicted.
The vote. In line with proposals to
support dissatisfied marine worker*
on the Pacific Coast, threatened to
complete an incipient tie-up of ahip
ping throughout the country.
The Pacific maritime strike extended
its grip yesterday to certain overland
railroad cargo, tied up more Eastern
ships, spread farther along the busi
ness front, and caused official con
cern over Its effect on Alaska and
Hawaii.
1,200 Assent to Strike.
Jack Lawrenson, a delegate of tho
Machine Firemen, Oilers and Water
Tenders’ Union, said there were 1,200
votes assenting to the strike at the
New York meeting. None dissented,
he said, after he put the question as
temporary chairman.
Immediately afterward he charged
the seamen: “Every ship is on strike.
Establish your picket lines, and those
men on boats sit down.”
Joseph Curran, chairman of the
Seamen’s Defense Committee, an in
surgent group of the International
Seamen's Union, was barred earlier
in the night with 24 others because
of their insurgency several month*
non
Then Curran’s ‘Yank and file" group
sought to overturn the officers of the
I. S. U„ charging they had made
agreements with shipping lines with
out submitting the questions on wages
and hours to the membership. When
Curran finally gained admittance he
called for another vote, and got it.
Offshore Ships Affected.
He emphasized that the strike would
be not only intercoastal, but would
affect the so-called offshore ships
plying between foreign ports.
"The idea is to leave this hall,*
Curran shouted, “and set up picket
lines and show the Pacific Coast men
that we are 100 per cent behind
them. It is the point of the officials
of the I. S. U. to see that there is
no maritime federation, because they
will go into the ashcan. They win
anyhow.”
Curran's Seamens Defense commit
tee was named a temporary strike
committee and delegates from the ships
were ordered to report Sunday morn
ing and sign up for crew members.
The crews were ordered to "sit down"
in their strike.
The Maritime Engineers' Union at
San Francisco ordered its license-bear
ing members to resign and leave the
engine rooms of strike-bound coast
(See STRIKE, Page A-5.)
Twin Sister Dies at 93.
COFFEYVILLE, Kans., October 3t
(jp.—One of the oldest twin-sister
combinations in the country was
broken today by the death of Mrs.
Rachel Bryant, 93. Her twin sister,
Mrs. Winifred Stevens, lives near
Gainesville, Tex.
Minnesotaf Yale, Army Beaten;
Fordham and Pitt Tie, 0 to 0
Minnesota’s mighty foot ball team
finally fell by the wayside yesterday
after 21 straight victories, but tlfls was
merely a high light of an afternoon
into which was crowded the most
startling series of upsets in years.
Yale, Army, Holy Cross and Villanova,
all hitherto undefeated and untied,
saw their clean slates marred as the
Nation's underdogs continued to ex
plode championship dreams. Texas
A. and M. also lost for the first time,
as did Auburn.
It was Northwestern, one of the few
still undefeated, which halted Min
nesota. 6-0, in a thriller before 47,000
persons at Evanston, 111. In another
battle which shared the national spot
light unbeaten Fordham played a
scoreless tie with powerful Pittsburgh.
Both service elevens were beaten,
Army being the surprise victim of
Colgate, 14-7. while Navy bowed to
Pennsylvania, 16-6.
The Bast was left without a major
untied and undefeated team as Temple
trounced Holy Cross, 1-0; Dartmouth
4
trimmed Yale. 11-7, and Villanoya
succumbed to Bucknell, 6-0.
Leading Foot Ball Scores.
Rice. 12; George Washington, 6.
Florida, 7; Maryland 6.
Georgetown. 47: Shenandoah. 0.
Gallaudet, 27; Wilson Teachers, 6.
Northwestern, 6; Minnesota, 0.
Fordham, 0; Pittsburgh, 0.
Dartmouth, 11; Yale, 7.
Colgate, 14; Army. 7.
Temple, 3; Holy Cross, 0.
Bucknell, 6; Villanoya, 0.
Southern Methodist. 17; Texas, 7.
Harvard, 14; Princeton. 14.
Pennsylvania, 16; Navy 6.
Columbia, 20; Cornell, 13.
Purdue, 7; Carnegie Tech, 6.
Notre Dame, 7; Ohio State, 2.
L. 8. D. 19: Vanderbilt, 0.
Alabama, 14: Kentucky. 0.
North Carolina, 21; North Carolina
State, 6.
Santa Clara, 12; Auburn. •.
Standford, 19; U. C. L. A.. 6.
Washington State, 14; California, 13.

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