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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1936, Image 2

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“Somebody Is Going to Be
Double Crossed,” He Says,
Hitting Party Pacts.
BS the Associated Press.
ALBANY. N. Y.. October 31.—Alfred
E. Smith, Democratic candidate for
President in 1928, charged tonight that
New Deal leaders “deliberately re
tarded recovery in this country so
they could put over a few of their
* crack-pot schemes.”
He assailed President Roosevelt and
other Democratic leaders for making
alliances with other parties such as
the Parmer-labor party in Minnesota,
the American Labor party in New
York and the Progressive party in
“Somebody is going to be double
crossed.” he shouted after citing these
and other instances of alliances. He
kept repeating it until it became a
sort of refrain after each paragraph.
Hits Communist Support.
* “Why are the Communists support
ing Roosevelt?” he asked. “That they
are there can be no doubt. Why?
* Is it because he has a pleasing radio
* voice or an enchanting smile of some
t kind? Not at all. Wiry, they are a
* hard-headed, thoroughly business
j group. They are cold-blooded to the
§ last degree.
“I will tell you why they are sup
v porting him—because they are entire
ly satisfied with his administration in
that it gives promise by the united
Tront of the farmer and the laborer
as dictated from the Comintern in
Moscow to conquer America and coun
tries like America that have constitu
tional law by peaceful means rather
than by bloodshed in the beginning.”
He struck at Democratic leaders for
placing Sidney Hillman, president of
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers
of America, and other labor leaders,
described by him as “left wing So
cialists,” on the ticket as Democratic
Says Party Livery Stolen.
The New Deal, he asserted, “is a
party that has stolen the livery of
the Democratic party, and if allowed
to exist for four more years there
will be no such thing as a Demo
cratic party.”
Smith spoke at Harman us Bleeker
Hall, where every one of the 3,200
seats were occupied and all standing
room filled. His speech was the fifth
and last of & series against the New
As in his other speeches, he urged
the election of Gov. Alfred M. Landon,
Republican candidate for President, to
•‘make the American form of Govern
ment safe.”
“We have a conscience and a free
will,” he declared, "and if we take
that conscience and free will into the
polling place next Tuesday, there is
nothing you can do if you love
America except change from the
present administration to Gov.
Landon of Kansas.”
It was after a reference to Hillman
that the former New York Governor
shouted for the first time that “some
body is going to be double-crossed.”
‘‘Who is it going to be?” he asked,
. “The Drmocrats or the Socialists?
You can't please them both because
their political creeds are Just as far
apart as the two poles. Somebody is
going to be double-crossed.”
While talking about the withdrawal
of the Democratic candidates for
United States Senator and Governor
in Minnesota in favor of the Farmer*
Labor candidates. Smith mentioned a
statement made by his 1928 running
mate, Senator Joseph T. Robinson,
that Smith was “walking in a ceme
tartr »»
"If I am In a cemetery,” the one
time Democratic standard bearer as
serted, "that cemetery is up in Minne
sota. I can hear the doleful,sound of
the bell as each funeral ’ carriage
passes behind the remains of the
Democratic party in that State.”
He said he had received numerous
letters from Democrats asking him
how they could "bring themselves
around to vote the Republican ticket”
and stated he had told them to "look
into their conscience.”
. Smith was introduced by Mrs. Mal
colm S. Davis, chairman of the Albany
County unit of the Independent coali
tion of American Women, which spon
sored the meeting. He was cheered
as he took his place before the micro
phone and started his speech.
Thanks Audience for Applanse.
He began by thanking the audience
for the reception it gave him and said
he was deeply touched by the sing
ing of “Auld Lang 6yne.”
He said he was moved by speaking
In Albany where he helped make
"history In the Democratic party.”
Declaring that “it may be all right
for the governorship” for the New
Deal to support the Farmer-Labor
party in Minnesota, Smith said,
"Don't let an outright Communist get
into the United States Senate with
Democratic votes.”
Frequently with quip and anecdote
he brought gales of laughter and loud
applause from his audience.
“I was elected to office in the State
cf New York more times than any
other living man and I never was on
any ticket but the Democratic ticket,”
he shouted.
says Poor Loaded With Debt.
Saying that people told him Presi
dent Roosevelt was “good to the poor,”
Smith declared:
"If there is anything that gets me
excited inside it is for anybody to
exploit the poor.”
“What have they got at the end of
three and a half years? A glowing
lot of promises and the heaviest debt
that was ever laid upon the books of
the American people in time of peace
or even In time of war, and who is
going to pay it? The poor.”
“The President," he continued, “was
down in my old neighborhood Tuesday
afternoon of this week, down where
there are a lot of tenement houses,
dilapidated, mean tenement houses. I
started the movement in the capital
over there to get rid of them. I put
the law on the statute books in this
State, and was responsible for all
that has been done in the housing
line, and I speak of it with an Inti
mate and personal knowledge of the
subject. And here is what he said:
“ ‘We have not yet begun adequately
to spend money in order to help the
families in the overcrowded sections
of our cities to live as American dti
tens have a right to live. You and I
will not be content until city, State
and Federal governments join with
private capital in helping every Amer
ican family to live that way.’
“Now what is the fact about that?
The fact is that the State and the
city did contribute and the Federal
administration refused to contribute.”
Smith said the electoral college
was set up in the Constitution be
cause the colonists “wanted to get
away from a king.”
Readers' Guide
News Summary
The Sunday Star Nov. 1, 1936.
Main News Section.
Roosevelt given ovation in final major
address. Page A-l
Landon pledges “full recovery" in St.
Louis address. Page A-l
Election day rain predicted by Weather
Bureau. Page A-l
Smith fires final broadside at New
Deal. Page A-2
Knox concludes tour, says victory
is won. Page A-6
Labor leaders waging last-minute cam
paign for Roosevelt. PageA-20
Roosevelt margin in Maryland esti
mated at 130,000. Page A-16
Madrid death toll 169 in air bomb
ings. Page A-l
King reported host to Mrs. Simpson
again. Page A-2
Secretary Perkins reports large em
ployment gain for year. Page B-4
Washington holds its largest Hal
loween parade. Page A-l
Federal share not half Federal costs
here, says Donovan. Page A-l
Child frustration tests may offer key
to education progress. Page A-2
One-cent per quart milk price boost
effective today. Page A-2
E. C. Babcock faces driving-while
drunk charges. Page A-4
John M. Keith, prominent G-Man,
resigns job. Page A-21
D. C. labor aids Rep. Sisson's re-elec
tion campaign. Page B-l
Lusk to present definite tax-collecting
improvements. Page B-l
4,000 D. C. children immunized against
diphtheria. Page B-l
Ickes reported vigorously opposed to
Gobel abattoir project. Page B-l
New record being set in District’s
auoctiuvu ivuug. A age u*A
Rice trims Colonials; Maryland bows
to Florida. Page B-6
Wildcats upset Gophers; Army and
Navy both beaten. Page B-6
Hoya subs crush Shenandoah; Gallau
det beats Wilson. Page B-8
Dartmouth overcomes game Yale
team, by 11-7. Page B-7
Levi Yoder wins Kenwood golf cham
pionship. Page B-9
Bob Olin in good shape to battle Buck
Everett. Page B-l#
Roman Soldier wins Washington Han
dicap at laurel. Page B-ll
Cecil Travis rated permanent short
stop of Nationals. Page B-S
Washington Wayside. Page A-2
Lost and found. Page A-3
Traffic convictions. Page A-18
Vital statistics. Page A-13
Obituary. Page A-14
Educational. Page B-S
City news in brief. Page A-13
Army orders. Page A-13
Editorial Section.
Editorial articles. Page D-l
Editorials and comment. Page D-2
Political Round-Up. Pages D-3-5
Civic news. Page D-6
Women's clubs. Page D-7
Parent-teacher news. Page D-9
Cross-word puzzle. Page D-9
Military and veterans*
new*s. Pages D-7-8
Resorts. Page D-10
S'ociety Section.
Society news. Pages E-l-11
Well-known folk. Page E-9
Barbara Bell pattern. PageE-19
Feature Section.
News features. Pages F-l-4
John Clagett Proctor. Page F-3
Dick Mansfield. Page F-2
Radio programs. Page F-3
Amusements. Page F-5
Automobiles. Page F-6
Auto show puzzle. Page F-6
Children’s. Page F-7
Highlights of history. Page F-7
Public Library. Page F-8
Financial, Classified.
Retail sales advance. Page G-l
Brokers ponder election
effects. Page G-l
D. C. clearings soar. Page G-l
Stocks irregular (table). Page G-2
Bond changes slight
(table). Page G-3
Curb list mixed (table). Page G-4
Stamps. Page G-5
Winning contract. Page G-5
Classified advertising. Pages G-5-14
B; the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, The Netherlands,
October 31.—Three explosions ripped
through the Greek steamer Petrarkis
Nomikos as it lay at a dock here to
day, killing 17 persons and injur
ing 15.
A majority of the victims were
caught in the second and third blasts
when they went to the rescue of those
trapped in the first. All the explo
sions occurred In an oil bunker after
fire broke out there.
Thirty sailors and 20 workmen were
busy aboard the ship and the on
docks when the first blast rocked the
vessel. Those ashore rushed aboard
and were burned as blazing oil spread
from end to end of the Petrarkis
Radio Mix-Up Cuts
In London Speaker
On Roosevelt9 s Time
Br tbe Associated Press.
NEW YORK, October 31.—An
error In switching over a National
Broadcasting Co. network at the
conclusion of President Roose
velt’s New York speech tonight
caused radio listeners throughout
the country to hear a few un
scheduled words of a speech pre
liminary to Gov. AIT M. Landon’s
St. Louis address, network officials
The President finished about
10:30 pm., E. S. T., 10 minutes
before the end of the reserved
time. Through the error, it was
explained, the network was
switched to St Louis, where
microphones had been set up for
tbe Kansan’s seepch at 10:30, ta
stes* of picking up a musical pro
gram from Chicago.
After a sentence from an un
identified speaker in which the
words '‘stuffed ballot boxes” were
beard, the network was switched
to New York, where a musical
program filled in the intervening
The Star’s Final Survey of the Presidential Race
(Continued From First Page.)
certainty into the final hours of the campaign than any other.
From all parts of the country reports have come to me that the
issue is turning workers away from Roosevelt. The Democrats
have been working desperately to overcome it. The issue may
have the crushing effect on Democratic hopes that the old Re
publican “full dinner pail” slogan had in the days of 1898.»Prob
ably no two national political campaigns in the last half century
have held so many parallels as the campaign of McKinley against
Bryan 40 years ago and the campaign of Landon against Roose
Particularly do the younger workers, both men and women,
seem to resent the pay roll tax. Those who are nearing the age of
retirement are much more inclined to go along with the social
security law. Landon’s promise to revise the social security act
so as to take the collection of funds for old-age pensions from a
general tax, rather than from a direct tax on pay rolls, has been
The election Is further complicated by the presence of the
Lemke-O’Brien presidential ticket, backed by Father Coughlin and
his Union for Social Justice. While not a pro-Landon campaign, the
campaign waged by Father Coughlin, the chief mouthpiece of the
Union party, has been strongly anti-Roosevelt. It has been figured,
and properly it appears, that the Lemke votes will come from citi
zens who might otherwise have supported Roosevelt. Lemke and
Coughlin, it is said, have lost ground in recent weeks, and the
Lemke vote may not be as impressive or effective as it was first
believed. On the other hand, it is likely to have effect in Massa
chusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Ohio and Michigan, and in
those States may be the controlling factor in the final result.
Coughlin has injured his cause by the violence of his attacks upon
President Roosevelt. His later diatribes have been against the
wages paid W. P. A. labor, which he has described as “scab labor”
because of the low pay. While silent on Landon support. Coughlin
has declared for the O. O. P. candidate for Governor in New York.
Dr. Townsend, head and forefront of the $200-a-month old-age
pension movement and the thousands of Townsend clubs scattered
throughout the country, also has declared himself against Roose
velt. He has gone further than Coughlin and has declared himself
for the election of Landon over Roosevelt and has urged his fol
lowers to vote for the Republican candidate in all States in which
Lemke is not on the ballot. That means in California, where the
Townsend clubs number 1.000 and where the Townsend vote is
estimated from 500,000 to 750,000.
The Republicans have also the aid of anti-Roosevelt Demo
cratic organizations throughout the country, called in some in
stances Jeffersonian Democrats and in others Progressive Demo
crats. A bevy of former leaders of the Democratic party, among
them A1 Smith of New York, John W. Davis of West Virginia and
New York, both former presidential nominees; former Gov. Ely of
Massachusetts, former Senator “Jim” Reed of Missouri and Bain
bridge Colby, Secretary of State in the Wilson administration,
have given strength and substance to these anti-New Deal Demo
cratic organizations.
Strong Labor Organization Backs Roosevelt.
On the other hand, President Roosevelt Is backed by a strong
organization of labor—the Non-Partisan Labor Committee—domi
nant figures in which are John L. Lewis and Sidney Hillman. In
New York, this group has gone so far as to organize a political
party of its own and has picked as its presidential electors the same
electors as the Democratic party, so that this year its votes may be
counted for Roosevelt. It is believed that this vote may cut strongly
into the Socialist vote for Norman Thomas and turn many votes
to the Democratic candidate. It has a candidate for Governor,
which may mean less votes for Gov. Lehman, and thereby prove of
some assistance to Bleakley, the Republican gubernatorial selec
Roosevelt is backed, too, by a Nation-wide organization of Pro
gressives headed by La Follette of Wisconsin, Norris of Nebraska,
La Guardia of New York and others. This group is urging all
liberals in the country to get behind Roosevelt and defeat Landon,
on the theory that a victory for Landon will mean a reversion to
In Wisconsin and In Minnesota the Progressive party and the
Farmer-Labor party, respectively, have gone over, lock, stock and
barrel, to Roosevelt, ana their votes are counted upon to carry
those States for the Democratic President.
Charges that the New Dealers, headed by President Roosevelt,
sold out the regular Democratic nominees for Senate and Governor
in Minnesota for the sake of support from Farmer-Laborites have
caused a burning resentment in that State which may have a flare
back. In Nebraska, the President turned his back on the regular
Democratic nominee for the Senate and sponsored personally the
re-election of Senator Norris.
The Roosevelt forces have made this year a strong play for
the Jewish vote, which is tremendous in New York and very strong
in Illinois. They have in the field as candidates for Governors of
Illinois and New York two Jews, Horner and Lehman.
And this year the New Dealers are counting heavily upon the
Negro vote, which may well hold the balance of power in a num
ber of large States in the North and the East and in one or two
States of the Middle West. From Civil War days down to 1932,
this Negro vote has been invariably strongly Republican. Some
of it in New York turned to A1 Smith in 1928, and more of it went
to Roosevelt in 1932. Still more of it was found voting Democratic
in 1934. This year, with hundreds of thousands of Negroes on the
relief lists, the Democrats are claiming they will have a huge
percentage of the colored vote and certainly it seems likely they get
a majority of these votes. In New York, Illinois, Pennsylvania. In
diana and Ohio this colored vote may upset Republican predictions.
Business and industry, as represented by the employers, are
in the Landon camp over the country. They have played a big
part in the Republican drive on the pay roll tax issue. It is under
stood that the Republicans have circularized 42.000 manufacturers
in all parts of the country—practically all the manufacturers—on
this subject and that many of them have been supplied with data
explaining to employes the tax which is to come out of their en
velones beeinnine January 1 next.
Democrats Charge Coercion in Pay Roll.
In a feverish effort to stem this tide of anti-pay roll tax prop
aganda, the Democratic administration has threatened prosecu
tions on the theory that this amounts to coercion of employes'
votes. Democratic United States attorneys all over the country
have been urged to take steps. The Republicans laugh at this,
saying that they have merely been giving the employes informa
tion in October of what must happen to them in January and that
they are within their rights to do so. The Republicans point out,
on their side, that many charges of coercion of W. P. A. workers
to vote the Democratic ticket have been made—and upheld by
affidavits—but that the New Dealers have declined to permit any
public investigation of such coercion.
Never before has there been such a drive for bloc votes in a
national election in this country. Never before has there been
such an organized effort to bring labor, organized and unorganized,
into line for a single political party.
Despite Republican claims that the vast farm population of the
Middle West and the West has swung back to the G. O. P. there is
reason to believe that thousands of farmers in Iowa. Kansas, Ne
braska, Illinois and other agricultural States are still sticking to
Roosevelt, grateful for the Government checks they have received
under the old A. A. A. and hopeful for those which have been
promised under the new agricultural program of the Democratic
The huge Government spending program, which during the
last three years has run into billions of dollars is proving both an
aid and a liability to the New Deal ticket. Those who have bene
fited from this spending, including those of relief, on relief work
and the farmers and the industrialists who have received big con
tracts for Government projects will many of them support Roose
velt. On the other nand, a huge number of voters who do not come
within those categories, are fearful of the effect which this spend
ing program will have on the credit of the Nation and particularly
are they fearful of heavy taxes which will be exacted of them to
meet this spending spree.
As the campaign draws to a close, the Democratic leaders ex
press the utmost confidence in the outcome. Big "Jim” Farley, the
Roosevelt generalissimo, lays claims to the electoral votes of prac
tically all the States. His principal fears lie in New England, Kansas
and Michigan. He will not lor publication admit the possibility of
the loss of any State. He is claiming Pennsylvania, which Hoover
carried in 1932, and also Connecticut. Roosevelt, he says, will be
elected hv a larerer electoral vote majority than he was four years
Despite the large claims made by the Democratic leaders, Pres
ident Roosevelt has spent weeks on the stump, rushing through the
Middle West, the East and the North, to an extent which has rarely
been equaled by a President in office seeking re-election. He is in
New York City tonight to make a final plea to the voters of his
home State to stand by him and the New Deal. The crowds Roose
velt has drawn have been enormous, so large as to give Democratic
leaders courage in a number of States in which they had prac
tically thrown up the sponge before his visit. If there had not
been a measure of worry on the part of some of the New Dealers,
it seems scarcely likely that the President would have been sub
jected to such strenuous campaigning.
Hamilton Confident, Fears Only New York.
John Hamilton, fiery campaign manager for Landon and
chairman of the Republican National Committee, contradicts
flatly these Democratic claims, He is confident that Landon will
carry nearly all the Great Middle West. He is certain of Pennsyl
vania, of all New England. He goes beyond the Mississippi River
and is certain of South Dakota and Wyoming, of Nebraska and
Kansas and Iowa. His principal fear today lies in the Empire State
of New York, with its 47 electoral votes.
Before he left to go to Massachusetts and his own district for
the wind-up of the campaign, Representative “Joe” Martin, di
rector of the Republican campaign for the Eastern Seaboard, is
sued a statement in which he said:
“As the campaign closes I am supremely confident the East
will roll up a splendid majority for Gov. Landon. The Landon vote
in New England will be impressive. Massachusetts will give a Lan
don majority of over 75,000, and he will have a substantial lead
In every one of the six 8tates. New York will be for Landon by
more than 250,000, and there is no question of an emphatic Lan*
don majority in New Jersey. Pennsylvania will be carried by
a majority of at least 200.000, and it will hot surprise me if it*
L !
were twice as large. Delaware will be safe and we will carry West
Virginia by a good plurality.
“In the last week there has been a strong tide rolling in favor
of Gov. Landon, and as he has gained strength he has come to a
position where there is a good chance for victory in Maryland.
The Landon vote in Virginia, North Carolina and Florida will be
very large and we have reason to expect we can pick up at least
one of the States.
“I firmly believe Gov. Landon will be the next President of
the United States and will have more than 300 votes in the elec
toral -college. This is a conservative estimate and not to be classi
fied with the ballyhoo statements which are quite common.”
Polls and straw votes have been taken in all parts of the
country. One qf them, the largest by far in point of numbers,
is the Literary Digest poll, which gives the election to Landon.
According to this poll, Landon will receive 370 electoral votes from
32 States and Roosevelt 181 electoral votes from 16 States. In
the poll Landon received 54.43 per cent of the popular vote, and
Rooseevlt 40.94 per cent of the total. The remainder, 4.63 per
cent, goes mostly to Lemke. Nearly every one of the other polls
gives the advantage to Roosevelt, some of them by large majorities.
The fact that the Literary Digest poll has been correct so often
in the past is great encouragement to the Republicans. The cor
rectness of all these straw votes will be finally told Tuesday when
the poll of the entire Nation is taken.
Pacific Coast States Regarded as Roosevelt’s.
The Pacific Coast States have been regarded generally as in
the bag for Roosevelt for weeks. Landon’s swift invasion of Cali
fornia two weeks ago, following Dr. Townsend’s announcement for
the Republican candidate, has given the Republicans hope, even
though the Democratic registration there is 600,000 greater than
the Republican. The longshoremen’s strike and the tie-up of
shipping, which has come right on the eve of election, may shift
some votes to the Republican column.
In the congressional race the Republicans have already made
a gain of two seats in Maine, in the September election, and have
all three Representatives from that State. Other gains, according
to Republican sources, are expected in the Eastern States as fol
New Hampshire. 1; Massachusetts, 3; Rhode Island, 1; Con
necticut, 2; New York, 5; New Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 6; Maryland,
2; Virginia, 2, and Florida. 1; a total of 27. If the Republican sweep
develops, they add 10 more to their expected gain in this part of
the country.
The Republicans expect to pick up from 50 to 75 House seats
west of the AUeghanies.
Even a gain of 100 seats by the Republicans would not give
them control of the House, which is now overwhelmingly Demo
cratic. They hold now 102 House seats. A majority of the House
is 218. They would have to pick up 116. Barring a landslide for
Landon, this seems impossible.
No matter what happens in the election, the Democrats will
retain their control of the Senate. Today that body is composed of
69 Democrats, 23 Republicans, 2 Farmer-Laborites and 1 Pro
gressive. Only 30 Senate seats are at stake in the election, and 12
of them are in the solid Democratic 8outh, and three are in border
States which appear to be Democratic. Maine has already re
elected Senator White, a Republican. Eleven of those left are held
bv Republicans. If the Republicans add five Senate seats they
will have a total of 28, and the Democrats with still 64.
The best chances for Republican gains lie. it seems, in Massa
chusetts, where Henry Cabot Lodge is expected to defeat Gov. James
M. Curley; in Minnesota, where Representative Christianson. Re
publican, is facing Lundeen, Farmer-Laborite; in New Mexico,
where Senator Chavez is meeting stiff opposition at the hands of i
M. A. Otero, jr„ Republican, and in South Dakota, where Senator
Bulow is having a hard fight with Chandler Gourney, Republican.
The Republicans may lose a Senate seat in Delaware. Hastings,
the incumbent, is suffering from a division in Republican ranks in
the State. An independent Republican is in the race. It is that
division which is likely to give the State to Roosevelt, for the I.
Dolphus Short reaction has placed a set of presidential electors in
the field, too.
The Democrats are hopeful of defeating Senator L. J. Dickin- ,
son of Iowa, Republican. Gov. Clyde Herring, Democrat and Dick
inson’s opponent, claims victory.
Two Senate races that have drawn Nation-wide attention are
those of Senator Borah versus Gov. Ben Ross in Idaho and Senator
George W. Norris, who is running as an independent against Robert
G. Simmons, Republican, and Terry Carpenter, Democrat, in Ne
braska. Borah is regarded as a sure winner, by probably 25.000 to
30,000. Norris has a real fight on his hands and the Republicans
are hoping to defeat him and elect Simmons. Norris is supporting
Roosevelt. Borah, while making Republican speeches, has at
tended to his own knitting and taken no part in the presidential
Fiscal /
(Continued From First Page.)
erties of religious, welfare and char
itable organization* was computed at
$99,415,545. and the amount of ex
empt District government property
at *60,796.809. This brought the to- •
tal exempt property valuations to i
*809.940,512, whereas the total for'
the properties which are taxed was
placed at *1,144.457.153.
Hazen frequently has pointed to the
extraordinary amount of Federal
property here as strong justification
for a boost in the Federal payment,
which, for the present fiscal year, was
cut to the low mark of *5,000.000.
The chart which Maj. Donovan
made public without comment shows
that during the 12-year period in
cluded in the financial survey, the
costs of services and benefits to the
United States increased from *3,475,
066 to $12,152,505. During the same
period the size of the Federal pay
ment to the District was cut from
*9,000,000 to $5,700,000.
Payment Twice Exceeded Costs.
In but two of the 12 years did the
size of the Federal payment exceed
the findings of Maj. Donovan as to
the costs of the benefits provided for
the Federal Government. The first
was the fiscal year 1925, when the
Federal payment was the lump sum
of *9,000,000 and the estimate of the
extra District burden *8,475,066. The
second was the fiscal year 1926, when
the Federal payment again was
(9,000,000 and the extra costs placed
on the District were calculated at
*8,801,037. The difference there In
iavor of the District would be *723,897,
but such a figure would be tremen
dously outweighed by the findings in :
the succeeding 10 years. Such a cal
culation would show that the costs to
the District for the services and other
benefits to the United States exceeded
the total of the Federal payments
during those years by some *35,000,
The greatest extra costs were found
among the school, police, welfare, fire
and highway divisions of the mu
nicipal government.
Explosion Sets Fire to Auto and
Man's Clothing.
Alton C. Posey. 25. a mechanic of
813 A street northeast, was seriously
burned early today while working on
his automobile in a garage at 2009
Eighth street.
An unexplained explosion set fire
to the car and Fosey's clothing.
Posey whs taken to Emergency Hos
pital with bums on his chest, arms
and hands. His condition was termed
BOZEMAN, Mont., October 31 UP).—
Dr. R. E. Seitz said today Senator
Burton K. Wheeler, Democrat of Mon
tana, reported by State Democratic
headquarters in Helena to be ill in a
hospital here, was "very tired’’ but
not ill.
The doctor said the Senator had
been confined to his hotel room here
by a minor intestinal disorder.
Federal Expenses Paid by District
Costs placed on the District by reason of the special services and benefits
provided by the city to the United States for the fiscal years 1925. 1930 and
1936. as calculated by department heads of the municipal government and
Auditor Daniel J. Donovan, are shown in the table below:
Fiscal Year Fiscal Year Fiscal Year
Name of Service. 1925. . 1930. 1936.
Public Schools _.$3,614,723 $4,824,911 $4,225,654
Police Department __________ 823.489 829,847 1,122,112
Fire Department .._____... 641,182 586,382 761,007
Public Welfare _- 906,314 1,618,949 2,864.567
Sewer Department ..._............... 235,392 312,031 170,774
Highways ..._ 392,225 399.863 653,379
Highways . 44,040 170,000 315,679
Playgrounds __..........._.......... 65,958 79,224 76,320
Health Department. 141,302 203,612 196.561
Municipal Architect___....... ..._ 215.953
Water Department ........_..... 210,974 195,534 262,790
Public Library_- 71,128 162,137 196.349
Director of Vehicles and Traffic- 1,925 2,498 3,898
Surveyor ..._____—_——__ 4,092 3,536 4,630
Police Court. 29,180 57,048 51,860
Ppfusp Division 71.364 114 362 137.515
Public Utilities Commission__ 16.000 25.000 28,006
Recorder of Deeds. 17,272 21,922 21,603
Electrical Department_. 15,120 15,120 15,120
United States Court of Appeals ...._ 54,005 75,235 111,617
Anacostia Flats ........._............. 43,863 35,699 14,792
Washington Aqueduct ........_...._... 361,508 73,307 76,482
Zoological Park. 147,647 210,967 214.402
National Capital Parks_ 295,684 398,524 323,280
Building Inspector_................_ 225 225 225
National Capital Park and Planning Com
mission . 65 18,090 11,223
Invector of Plumbing_....... 12 8 42
Municipal Center Site. • 1,779,821 42,000
Support of Convicts_ 167,019 104,295 111,840
United States District Court for District of
Columbia. 103,378 139,114 139,784
Total _*8,475,066 $12,672214 612,162,606
United States payment__ 9,000,000 9,000,000 5,700,000
) ”
4 k
Random Observations
of Interesting Events
and Things.
WASHINGTON woman is just
back from France with a story
of the limitations of dictionary
French which sort of makes
your breath hiss through your teeth.
On her way from Paris to Nice, she
stopped overnight at a pension where
English she was not spoke. The wom
an, with a bookful of French at her
fingertips, was entirely undisturbed,
But she was disturbed the next
day in Nice when she discovered she
had left behind an adjustable bridge,
the kind full of spare teeth. To write
for the teeth was the thing to do, of
course, but the dictionary let her
down terribly. So far as she could
find, there is no French equivalent
for “adjustable bridge."
Finally, at wits’ end, she piled up
a bunch of French words which she
hoped would convey the right idea
to the pension proprietor.
After a long delay—tactfully as
cribed to a feast day by the pension
man—the teeth found their way into
the owner s hands, or-,
* * * a
Now, one story leading to an
other, as stories have a way of
doing, it might be interesting to
add that the French word for false
teeth is harder to find than you
might think. With the idea that it
would make a good head for the
story above, a search for the word,
or word combination, was begun.
The request for it floored several
nearby linguists, who appeared to
consider false teeth a peculiarly
American institution.
Mrs. Mary Locke, providentially
arriving by telephone after 11 years
in Paris, brought us the wisdom
that it was "des fausses dents.”
It sounded so simple.
* * * w
And then we showed both of these
stories above to the chap in the next
office. He read, shrugged and said:
"Hah. What did you think it would
be? That just means ‘false teeth.’ ” '
P. S.—He couldn't help, though,
when it came to translating English :
to French.
TF THE Communist party does not
run up a sufficient vote next Tues
day to give it much encouragement, it
will still have the consolation of hav
ing seemed for just a moment to
have profoundly Influenced the Na
tional Broadcasting Co.
It was at the conclusion of Candi
date Browder's talk the other night
that the announcer signed off with:
"This program was sponsored by the
Communist party of America. This is
the red network of the National
Broadcasting Co.”
He got just enough emphasis on the
"red” to make it sound satisfactorily
heretical to a local listener with a
sense of humor.
* * * *
^^ATURALLY Miss Revis gets many
queer queries from the several
thousand students of George Washing
ton University whom she supervises in
the reading room of the library. One
of the strangest reached her desk from
a coed who had been reprimanded
often for disregarding the "silence
please" notice.
“Would you mind putting that mag
azine displayed so prominently into a
more secluded spot? It gives me the
unhappiest feeling every time I enter
the library,” requested the coed.
The name of the magazine was “Our
Dumb Animals." It was moved.
m * * *
I-T ARRASSED officials examining
applications for Federal jobs at
the Civil Service Commission some
times get unexpected and amusing
explanations of application errors.
One applicant claimed New Mexico
as her birthplace but the Civil Serv
ice Commission established that she
had actually been born in Italy.
"Oh yes," the woman said when
[juestioned. "I guess maybe that's bo,
but I was so young when I was brought
to this country I thought I was born
Ripening pumpkins and Hal
loween witches riding their brooms
led an operative to pause before a
novelty shop on D street to look at
bright-colored masks and favors.
The assortment was piled high on a
stand set out on the sidewalk.
The articles offered for sale were
distinctly of Halloween motif—all
except one. That one gave the op
erative quite a start. It was a
sizable tin cowbell. On one tide it
bore a faintly etched portrait of
President Woodrow Wilson, on the
other a picture of Gen. John
Pershing, and under each was
printed boldly, "Victory Day, No
vember 11, ISIS."
Thoughtfully, our man went his
Communists Mass in Counter
Demonstration at Nice.
NICE, Prance, October 31 UP) —
Forty persons were wounded, two of
them gravely. In rioting when Com
munists massed in a counter-demon
stration against a meeting of 6,000 of
their opponents.
The meeting was presided over by
Jacques Doriot, an ex-CommunIst
spellbinder, who is the head of the
French People’s party.
Doriot, 37-year-old mechanic, has
given out little In his announcements
Oi policy, mainly contenting himself
with advocating the system of "strictly
French communism.”
Jobless, They March 260
Miljs to Tell Commons
of Town’s Plight.
Ey the Associated Press.
LONDON. October 31—With their
mouth-organ band playing "It's a
Long. Long Trail,” 200 footsore men
from Jarrow-on-Tyne tramped through
the streets of London today at the
end of a 260-mile march from the
north in search of work.
Although the cabinet had issued a
statement refusing to receive them,
two men at the head of the long col
umn carried an oak casket containing
a petition to the House of Commons.
It set out the plight of their Tyneside
town, saying the shipbuilding yards
and steel shops are closed and 50 per
cent of the population is out of work.
The marchers left their homes near
ly a month ago and each night held
meetings In the market squares of
towns along the road.
Curious Throngs Look On.
Curious but sympathetic crowds
watched their progress through the
London streets. The marchers car
ried waterproof capes slung around
their bodies like bandoliers; their
clothes were thin and travel-cfainpd
most wore cloth caps or battered
fedora hats.
At the head walked Councillor
David Riley, chairman of six commit
tees on Jarrow’s Town Council, in ad
dition to being a local magistrate and
head of a big electrical business.
He had tramped every foot of the
way with the men, mending his own
boots at the roadside, sleeping on floors
or benches without mattresses or bed
“We have been called the forsaken
men,” said one of the marchers with a
wan smile, “but now we are giving peo
ple something to remember us by.”
To Visit Commons.
The marchers intend to visit the
House of Commons November 4 when
Ellen Wilkinson, Jarrow's woman M.
P., will present their petition at the
bar of the House. Miss Wilkinson her
self walked much of the way in their
After their petition has been pre
sented. the marchers are to return to
Jarrow by train. They will be cared
for at local labor clubs while in Lon
Move Preliminary to Election Fol
lows Exile of Deposed Cabi
net Members.
Be the Associated Press.
BAGDAD. October 31—Preliminary
to a general election, King Ghazi dis
solved the Iraq parliament today
shortly after the new government of
Hikmat Sulaiman had exiled three
members of the deposed cabinet of
former Premier Yassin Pasha El
The expelled ministers were Yassin
Pasha himself, Nuri A1 Said and
Rashid Ali A1 Gailani.
Nuri was formerly foreign minister
and Rashid minister of the interior.
"The government desires the public
interest to be the chief concern of all
and to achieve this aim. all personal
interests must be eliminated,” an of
ficial communique said.
"Lawrence” Aide Dies.
CAIRO, Egypt, October 31 (JF).—The
death of Ja’ Far Pasha, former com
panion of British Corpl. T. E. Shaw,
"Lawrence of Arabia," during the Iraq
military coup was reported here today.
(Jerusalem advices confirmed the
Cairo report.)
Ja' Far was twice Iraq minister to
London and fought on both sides in
the World War, first assisting Ger
many and Turkey. He landed from a
German submarine on the North
Libyan Coast and led tribesmen
against the allied troops in two suc
cessful battles.
Couple, Child and Nephew Killed
in Auto-Truck Col
Br the Associated Press.
DANVILLE. Va., October 31.—Four
persons were killed and three severe
ly injured near here today when an
automobile collided with a heavy truck
and plunged over a 20-foot embank
ment. Three of the dead were mem
bers of Charles Hudson's family and
the fourth his nephew. His three
daughters were injured.
When wrecking crews and ambu
lance attendants, hastily summoned,
succeeded in drawing the sedan to
the top of the fill, Hudson, his wife
and his brother’s child were found
crushed to death In the wreckage.
The truck, thrown to the edge of
the embankment by the impact, was
perched so precariously that rescuers
feared to descend the bank lest the
heavy truck roll down upon them.
Members of a wrecking crew looped
a wire cable over the edge of the
truck and made it secure so that the
work of rescue could go forward.
Nannie Hudson. 14, Edna. 13, and
Mrs. Ola McKinney, all daughter! of
Hudson, were rushed to the hospital
in serious condition. Hudson’! 3
year-old child died en route.
The truck, heavily loaded, was
driven by Thomas Jones of Leaksvllle,
N. C., and also carried George John
mn nf as relief driver.
HoudinVs Spirit
Fails to Appear
At Public Seance
Br the Associated Press.
HOLLYWOOD, Calif., October 31 —
Although it was paged over a thun
Jerous public address system, the spirit
of Harry Houdinl failed to appear at
a public seance tonight, on the tenth
anniversary of his death.
“He has not come,” sobbed his
widow, the silver-haired little Beatrice
Houdinl. “I turn out the light.”
She touched the switch on a little
electric light which she said has been
burning steadily over the picture of
the great magician ever since hla
The seance, held on the roof of a
Hollywood hotel, was attended by more i
than 200 persons. Including newspaper
men, newsreel crews and the attend
ants of a temporary radio station.
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