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A. P. CAPITAL STAFF Appointed Chief of Bureau in Washington to Suc ceed Price. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, December 31.—The ap pointment of Milo M. Thompson as chief of the Washington bureau of the Associated Press in succession to Byron Price, who becomes the execu tive news editor of the organization, was announced today by Kent Cooper, general manager. Born in 1894, Thompson has had many years of practical newspaper ex perience In various parts of the country. His training and political reporting Included State house assign ments in such widely scattered State capitals as Boston, Atlanta, Boise, Sacramento and Des Moines. He will be no newcomer in Washington, having previously covered the National House of Representatives and various Gov ernment departments. He entered the service of the Associated Press nine years ago and has occupied various positions as bureau chief and news editor. For the last two years Thompson’s assignment has been to visit each do mestic bureau of the Associated Press, to work Intimately with the staffs In each and to note the ability of per sonnel in all bureaus. His duty has taken him to every State In the Union and has made him personally ac quainted with Associated Press em ployes in all of them. He was a member of the Associated Press staff .covering the 1928. 1932 and 1936 na tional political conventions. Thompson's early newspaper train ing was on the Herald at Joliet. 111. After five years there he took «p the study of international law at Harvard University, working meanwhile on the staff of the Christian Science Monitor In Boston. At the break of relations with Germany in 1917 he was trans ferred to the Monitor's Washington staff. Later he took charge of the Moni tor’s southern bureau In Atlanta, and handled a political run for the Atlanta Constitution. He enlisted In the Army as a pri vate, but later won a commission and twice held Washington assignments, first in the purchasing office of the chief signal officer and again in the training section of the Signal Corps. He had a part in preparing the Sig nal Corps radio text book and the catalogue of Signal Corps equipment. After he left the Army late in 1919, Thompson joined the staff of the Idaho Statesman. Boise, becoming managing editor in 1920 and editor In chief In 1922. Thompson has been in charge of Bacramento, Des Moines. Kansas City and Denver bureaus of the Associated Press. He was for five years news editor of the Southwestern division at Kansas City before his transfer to New York and assignment as inspec tor of bureaus. Kidnap (Continued From First Page.) to negotiate. An ad with that word ing, but signed “Ann” instead of “Tim,” appeared in the paper on schedule. The note specified the ransom be divided: $10,000 in $5 bills and the remainder in $50 bills, all old and wrinkled. It made no mention of the Mattson family by name, but •aid “the boy” would be safe. No death threat was made. The family was directed to “send any one” with the ransom, but only one person in the specified type of car. The note threatened to double the ransom demand if negotiations for payment were not under way by Sun day. January 3. The demand was printed on two •ides of a medium-size sheet of fools cap, apparently with a child’s print ing set. The paper was dirty and had been refolded, apparently having been carried in a pocket for some time. Note Wording Not Disclosed. The actual note was seized an hour after the kidnaping by Department of Justice agents, who have not dis closed the exact wording or allowed any pictures to be made of it. Last night the Mattsons turned off the lights on their prize-winning Christmas decorations outside the house shortly before 11 p.m. Soon afterward lights In the house began winking out one at a time. A few hours earlier Pierce County sheriff’s deputies announced they had located, after a three-day search, a “known underworld character” they said had planned a kidnaping at Fort Lewis some time ago, but had been dissuaded. He was able to give a sat isfactory account of his activities since Charles disappeared, officers said. At Eureka, Calif., the Humboldt County sheriff investigated a report a boy answering the description of Charles had eaten in a restaurant there Tuesday evening with a man. Waitress Reports Pair. Mrs. Dorothy Reppeteau, a waitress, reported serving the pair and noticing the resemblance of the boy to pic tures of young Mattson. She said the boy paid for his own meal and told her they had arrived on a bus from the north. G. Stambaugh, driver of the south bound bus which left Eureka shortly afterward, said no man and boy answering the descriptions rode with him. MYSTERIOUS SIGNALS PROBED. SUte Police Speed to Spot 18 Miles Prom Seattle. SEATTLE. December 31 </P).—A half dozen State highway patrol cars sped toward Issaquah, about 13 miles southeast of here, early today to in vestigate what appeared tp be signals from an automobile spoMght in the wooded hills. It was near Issaquah that little George Weyerhaeuser was released by kidnapers in 1035 after his parents paid a $200,000 ransom. Yesterday Mrs. P. C. Wiltsie, Seat tle, reported to police some one en tered a house near Issaquah and stole a mattress and some bedding. The light was seen Winking In the foothills shortly before midnight by several witnesses. The flashes were repeated Intermittently. Hunt Game Hogs. ROCK HALL, Md., December 31 UP). —Federal agents are operating in the vicinity of Rock Hall, attempting to apprehend violators of the Federal wild fowl laws. Reports said the agents were seeking persons using a large caliber gun of the rapid-fire type, mounted on the prow of a boat. The gun is used only at night, the agents said. Washington Wayside Tales Random Observations of Interesting Events and Things. . INQUIRY. WEN Senator King, Demo crat. of Utah, goes on a trip, whether business or pleasure, he usually tries to find out little things that most others would pass by. For instance. Senator King was a member of a party that recently made a trip to Florida on the so-called “Sugar Cane Special.” Down in the Everglades, at a little settlement known as Canal Point, pupils in a colored school staged a special show for the “Sugar Cane Special’s” guests. There were clog dances, spirituals and a dramatic skit. Senator King obviously enjoyed the show. He applauded vigorously. When it was over, however, he left the party and went behind the school house to chat with the Youngsters. In a routine, inquisitorial way. Sen ator King asked one of the children a series of geography questions, and received correct answers. Then he turned to another and inquired: “How many oceans are there in the world?” “I think there are 12,” he replied, “but you can't find any around here.” Senator King chuckled. And to another boy. at least 10 years old, he asked: “How old are you, son?" "Three,” he answered. "How old are you?” Senator King inquired again. “Three,” the boy reaffirmed. But at that moment the boy who answered the geography questions jabbed the other youngster in the ribs with an elbow and said: "You’re a bigger liar than I am." And that was the end of the inves tigation. * * * * SALESMAN. John MacArthur, aged nine, is going to be either an advertising man or a press agent, his family has just about decided. He had a box "for sale” the other day as he played about the house. But his spiel was no ordinary and uninspired one. “For sale!" he would shout. "A box your dishes will love to travel in." * * * * NO CONVICTIONS. ^LfHEN DAN MAHER, attorney, goes into court again to defend a drunken client he intends to ask more specific questions. He was defending a man charged with intoxication before Judge Ed ward M. Curran and told the jurist, on the strength of the man’s own statement, that his client had never been convicted before. Just then a policeman handed a paper up to the bench. It was the man’s record, and showed he had been convicted 19 times. "You’ve put me in a terrible spot,” Maher said to his client in the dock later. “You told me you had never been convicted.” "I ain’t never been convicted,” was the reply, "I always pleaded guilty before.” * * * * MOURNING. X-TABITUES of the Warrenton hunt country may be quick on the trigger when it comes to matters equine, but once In awhile some city chap gets the jump in the art of repartee. The Warrenton folk are proud of their pink coats, which they feel to be something of a symbol of the healthy life in the great open spaces. They seem to miss no opportunities of sporting them of an evening, for a feeling of superiority they seem to give over more somberly clad city dwellers. At a Warrenton party recently a patron of the chase walked up to a friend, clad in formal black and white—a chap who confine* his riding to an occasional canter in Rock Creek Park—and asked him chidingly where his piuk coat was. ‘‘Well, it’s this way," replied the Rock Creek huntsman, “my horse died this morning and I’m in mourning for him.” * * * * GHOSTS. QHOSTS aren’t the only beings that rattle various and sundry objects on staircases. The wife of a prominent general went to dinner at the house of a Washington matron the other night and proceeded to the second floor to leave her wraps. Five minutes later the hostess heard her descending the stairs, but some thing strange seemed to be following her. “Rattle, rattle, rattle—slap, slap, slap,” it went. What could it be, she asked herself? She ran into the hall fearing the worst, and, while not the chain to the dungeon keep, she saw a flash of pink and tratlihg laces. You’ve guessed it. It was the hostess’ corset, which, in her hurry, she had neglected to pick up from under the bed. With almost Incredible agility, she rounded the lady, disentangled the object from the hem of her dress, and relegated it to the cloak closet before the other guests could see what it was. Marly years hence future occupants of the house may well be haunted by an austere lady descending the stairs and dragging a corset of the Rooseveltian era. * * * * RISING. E'VKRY one probably hat had a go at trying to figure out the most effective method of getting up. Wen, here’s one that’s about as ingenious as any this department has heard. It seems that a certain young gentleman feels that he cannot start his day without a A FURTHER KATE CUT ORDERED BY A. T. T. Long-Distance Charge Slash Effective January 15, F. C. C. Announces. By the Associated Press. The Communications Commission announced today a $12,000,000 annual reduction in the Nation’s long-distance telephone bill would become effective on January 15. Typical reductions for daytime sta tlon-to-station calls from Washington are as follows: Richmond, 60 to 55 cents; Philadelphia, .75 to .60; Nor folk, .85 to .70; New York, *1.05 to .85; Boston, $1.50 to *1.25; Chicago, *2.10 to *1.85; Omaha, *3.25 to *2.80; Denver. *4.75 to $4.25; Salt Lake City. *5.75 to *5, and San Francisco, *7.25 to *6.25. Reductions $22,000,000 Yearly. The new cut brings to $22,000,000 annually the reductions the American Telephone St Telegraph Co. has In stituted since the Government began Its Investigation of the corporation. It was brought about by confer ences between telephone officials and representatives of the commission, without formal rate hearings. Rapid improvement in general business con ditions and the consequent increase in long-distance telephone operations were stressed by the Government rep resentatives in urging the reduction. Commission officials said the result Is that the public will receive the large reduction at once, without having to await the conclusion of long-drawn hearings and possible litigation. Basic Day Charges Cut. The new schedules Include reduc tions in all forms of interstate tele phone rates. Charges for basic day station-to-station calls are cut at all distances, starting with a 5-cent re duction at 42 miles. Increasing with distance and amounting to as much as $1 on calls between Eastern sea ports and the Pacific Coast. Similar reductions are made in day person-to-person calls, with large cuts in night and Sunday rates, both sta tion to station and person to person. Commission officials said the new tariffs wipe out uneven rate steps and represent an important advance in telephone rate making. LEAHY SWORN IN AS NAVAL CHIEF Admiral Takes Oath to Succeed Standley, Who Retires Tonight. Admiral William H. Leahy took the oath of office today as chief of naval operations, succeeding Admiral Wil liam H. Standley. Because of the holidays, however, he will not assume his duties until next week. The oath was administered in the presence of Secretary Swanson and high ranking officers, including mem bers of the general board and chiefs of the various bureaus. Using a time worn Bible, Rear Admiral Gilbert J. Rowcliff, judge advocate general of the Navy, administered the oath. Admiral Standley, who had been the chief of naval operations since July 1, 1933, retires from active duty to night. having reached the age of 64. He has been on active duty 45 years. Secretary Swanson, in handing Ad miral Leahy his commission, prophe sied for him “a very successful and prosperous administration.” Leahy thanked the cabinet officer for the confidence reposed in him by President Roosevelt, who selected him for the post, and by Swanson. In a brief address Admiral Standley paid tribute to Admiral Leahy’s “broad experience and wise judgment” and said the country la fortunate In having his services Admiral Standley will leave Sunday for Norfolk, where he will board the U. S. S. Wyoming for passage to the West Coast. He wiU make his home in San Diego, Calif. Family Told of Crash Death. KINSTON, N. C„ December 31 (fP). —The family of Thad W. Tyndall, 57, was informed yesterday of his death in an automobile accident near Suf folk, Va. Former Consul, 689 To Be Married to Distant Cousin, 65 Oscar S. Heizer Met Her 30 Years Ago on Trip to Washington. Oscar Stuart Heizer, 68, former con sul general in Constantinople and Al giers, will be married tomorrow to Miss Mary Ann Hartwell, 65, a distant cousin, whom he met about 30 years ago. The couple obtained a license today. The ceremony will be performed at noon by Rev. Howard Stone Anderson, pastor of First Congregational Church, at the clergyman’s home, 4701 Blagden Terrace. Heizer said today they plan to take a honeymoon trip, “but we’re not say ing where we’re going,” he added. A widower, Heizer said his friendship with Miss Hartwell began on one of his first trips to Washington about 30 years ago. The bride-to-be lives at 3420 Sixteenth street. A native of Kossmuth, Iowa, Heizer entered the foreign service in 1892, when he was appointed assistant treasurer of the four American mis sions in Turkey. He served in this capacity until 1906, when he was made deputy consul general at Con stantinople*. Subsequently, he served as consul general in Trebizond, Bag dad, Constantinople, Jerusalem and Algiers before retiring from the serv ice a couple of yean ago. large glass of a certain mineral water which the butler has strict orders to bring every morning at a specified time. The young man, last thing at night, carefully locks the two doors which separate his sleeping quarters from the rest of the house and puts the keys in his top busaau drawer. When the hour of call comes in the morning the servant comes to the outer door and begins knocking loudly until he is sure he has roused the sleeper. The young man, thinking of the eye-opener waiting without, gets up and finds the keys and opens up the doors. By that time he's wide awake and it’s too much trouble to go back to sleep. ft Maritime Dispute Enters 63d Day With Little Hope of Settlement. By the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO, December 31.— Shipowners sought conferences with another striking maritime union to day, but the approach of a new year found Pacific Coast waterfronts strike bound for the sixty-third day and unions projecting national legislation to back their cause. The coast's huge maritime industry faced 1937 with 233 ships idle, ap proximately 40,000 men on strike and resulting losses to business estimated as high as $450,000,000, on the basis of figures computed by the Shipping Merchants’ Association here. Called to Conference. T. G. Plant, chairman of the Off shore Shippers’ Negotiating Commit tee, asked representatives of the marine engineers to a conference to day to discuss union demands for preference in hiring, a manning scale based on the eight-hour day, and wage adjustments. Refusal of the operators to grant preferential hiring to the Licensed Deck Officers’ Union led to postpone ment of a previous conference with the engineers, but Plant said he was following the shipowners' policy of meeting all the seven striking unions. The unions’ joint “law and leg islation’’ committee announced tenta tive plans for a Federal legislation program after peace efforts virtually were halted yesterday. Both sides ap peared t* be awaiting possible devel opments In Washington with the opening of Congress Tuesday. Legislative Program. The legislative program, approved by the Joint Strike Policy Committee would give unions full rights to strike, but embodies a Government board to mediate disputes. Some legislators have been reported drafting bills to provide a mediation board such as was set up in 1926 ! under the railroad labor act. BURGOMASTERS’ AID REQUESTED BY OTTO —_ j Hapsburg Pretender Calls on 1,500 to Win Over Other Austrian Communities to Cause. B> the Associated Press. VIENNA. December 31.—Archduke Otto, pretender to the non-existent Austrian throne, yesterday urged 1,500 burgomasters of Austrian com munities of which he is an honorary citizen to win over the rest of the Austrian communities to the Haps burg cause. The pretender made his request In sending his New Year wishes to the burgomasters from Steenockerzeel Castle, Belgium, where the Hapsburg home was established by his mother, former Empress Zita. “Our fatherland now must bridge over the rift which was formed in 1918,” the archduke wrote. He urged the burgomasters to win j over the rest of the Austrian com- ' munities to the Hapsburg cause, be- ! ! cause, he wrote. “Only in unity is I power, which is the cable to turn wishes into reality. " itestoration of the Hapsburg mon- j ! archy is not intended for my own ' | glory, but for the glory of God and : the blessing of Europe.” Pope (Continued From First Page.) 57 years ago. The pontiff participated in another church ceremony there on Ascension day, 1933, during his jubi lee year. Among the worshippers were mem bers of the diplomatic corps accredited to the papal court and representatives of King Victor Emmanuel and Premier Mussolini. Lights Burn All Night. Throughout the night lights burned In the windows of the Pope's apart ments, where the staff of vigilant doc tors and nurses assemble'd by Dr. Aminta Milanl, the chief physician, labored to counteract any further de cline in the holy father's now admit tedly flagging condition. Gloom penetrated the farthermost quarters of the Holy See as it was realized there would be no New Year celebration for the tiny city this year. The easing of the pontiff’s pain was attributed, in part, to the disappear ance of a blood clot from his left leg, which was partially paralyzed. Physicians were worried, however, lest it drift through the blood stream to the heart or brain, where it prob fatally. Doctor Describes Ailment. By the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, December 31.—The condition of Pope Pius was described today for the Associated Press by one of his doctors in a written report which follows: "The Pope suffered the breaking of a varicose vein in his left leg producing a wound which is still open and which will require much time to heal. “At the same time he had an arterial obturation (blockage of the artery). An embolus (blood clot) closed an artery, thus impeding normal circula tion of the blood and causing swelling of the left leg, light paralysis and very severe pain. "These phenomena disappeared two days ago after normal circulation had been reactivated with opportune dia thermic (heat) treatments. “What is most greatly preoccupying is his general condition, especially the heart which at times gives indications of tiredness and the functioning of the kidneys, which is greatly diminished. "In consequence of these facts and very accentuated arteriosclerosis (hard ening of the arteries), his holiness presents the phenomena of asthma, weakness and general exhaustion.” The physician added that althouga local circulation in the leg had im proved, the Pontiff’s general circula tion remains sluggist and there are clots in the blood stream which. If they reach the heart or brain, will be fatal. **. MAIL RECORDS BROKEN Postmaster General Parley said to day that Christmas mall broke all records. Receipts at post offices in 13 of the Nation's largest cities, during the week ending December 34, totaled *5,789, 488, an increase of *1,139,543 over the same week a year ago. It New Secret Service Heads Take Oath Frank J. Wilson becomes chief of the Secret Service at midnight tonight, succeeding William H. Moran. Joseph E. Murphy resumes his post of assistant chief. Wilson and Murphy are shown here being sworn into office. Left to right are Murphy, Wilson, Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau, who made the ap pointments, and Chief Clerk Frank J. Birgfeld, who administered the oaths.—Star Staff Photo. Carbon Dioxide 6Key9 Unlocks Mysteries of Plant Life Instrument Measuring Concentration of Chemical Also Proves Useful in Gauging Man’s Physical State, BY THOMAS R. HENRY, Staff Correspondent of The Star. ATLANTIC CITY, December 31.— An instrument that measures instan taneously carbon dioxide concentra tion in air with a precision of one part in a million, and which may prove an invaluable' tool in both pure sci ence and medicine, was described be fore a section meeting of the Ameri can Association for the Advancement of Science here yesterday afternoon t*y Dr. E. D. McAllister of the Smith sonian Institution. The mechanism already has un locked the doors, it was reported, to understanding of fundamental be havior of plant growth which hitherto had eluded all investigators, and which is the foundation of all life on earth. A possible future field of usefulness will be in measuring human basal metabolism, of extreme importance in physical examinations, but which re quires a long time and is expensive. With this device such examinations can be made cheaply and in a few minutes. Basis of Instrument. The instrument's basis is the fact that carbon dioxide is opaque to a certain narrow band of radiation in the invisible infra-red spectrum. A beam of this light is shot through a quantity of air which one desires tc analyze. It fails to get through to a degree corresponding to the num ber of carbon-dioxide molecules which are encountered. That which does get through falls upon a spectrograph which is so arranged as to admit only radiation of this particular wave length. Behind the spectrograph is a thermo couple, one of the most deli cate of all radiation measurnig de vices. The radiation falling upon the ther mo couple sets up minute electric cur rents in proportion to its intensity, which are recorded on a galvanometer. It is so sensitive that as little as one part of carbon dioxide per million of air can be detected. The same pre cision could be reached by micro chemical analysis, but it would re quire a half hour or more, and pro gressing changes, of the utmost im portance. could not be detected. The instrument has far-reaching implications in certain types of micro chtmical analysis, in the study of plant life and possibly in medicine. The fundamental process of life on earth, it often is stated, is photo synthesis—the building up by cells of a plant of hydrocarbons out of water absorbed through the roots and car bon dioxide absorbed by the leaves from the air under the influence of light. These hydrocarbons built up by the plant are the basic food of ani mals and the basic source of heat and power obtained from combustion. •‘Breathes’’ Carbon Dioxide. The plant “breathes’' carbon diox ide only in the presence of Ught. The energy of the light quanta absorbed enables the plant to combine the carbon dioxide molecule with the molecule of the green pigment of its leaves, chlorophyll. In darkness car bon dioxide is exhaled only. The plant, it might be said, falls into a sort of sleep. One of the most important findings with the new instrument reported by Mr. McAllister deals with the sleep ing and waiting “habits.” A plant— in most cases a wheat seedling—is placed in an air-tight chamber through which precisely measured amounts of carbon dioxide in air can be sent. First the specimen is kept in darkness and the beam of invisible light shot through the mixture. The galva nometer records an increase of the gas at a constant rate, due to the plant's respiration. Then the light is turned on. Almost instantly the carbon dioxide begins to decrease as its molecules are breathed in and hooked on the chlorophyll molecules. But after a night's sleep it requires about 10 minutes for this decrease to reach a maximum, constant rate. In other words, it requires about 10 minutes for the plant to “wake up” after a natural duration of darkness. The length of the period decreases as the period of darkness is decreased. Quite different is the reverse proc ess. The plant goes to sleep instantly the light is turned off—that is, the carbon dioxide begins to increase. The change has been noted in one sixtieth of a second. Thus apparently is solved a problem with which plant physiologists have wrestled for a long time. A plant, it seems, is breathing out carbon dioxide all the time at a constant rate, and not just when it is asleep. Otherwise there would be a transition period comparable to .that which accompanies “waking.” The instrument, Mr. McAllister ex plains, measures precisely the ab sorption of carbon dioxide under vari ous Intensities and wave bands of visible light, different degrees of tem perature and different concentrations of carbon dioxide in the air. Of even greater Importance, it measures the process continuously. Measures Water Vaper Content. By use of another Infra-red wave band it measures just as accurately water vapor content of the air. It constitutes perhaps the quickest and most accurate means of chemical analysis known for a limited field of gas mixtures. A hitherto unsuspected ons-ceHed r animal that lives in human intestines may be the cause of many cases of lowered vitality and susceptibility to colds and fcther infections, it was re ported by Dr. D. H. Wenrich of the University of Pennsylvania. This denizen of man's internal menagerie is a very delicate protozoan known as Dientamoeba fragilis. Known by parasitologists for many years, it has been supposedly harmless, but Dr. Wenrich found reason to suspect it in more than 70 cases. An unidentified plant growth hor mone in yeast was reported by Dr. Philip R. White of the Rockefeller Institute. He grew excised tomato root tips in nutrient solutions contain ing yeast. Progressive fractionaliza tion of the yeast showed that two distinct parts were functioning in keeping the root tips alive. One was Identified as a compound of amino acids. The other, constituting about 5 per cent of the weight of the yeast, was found to be the outstanding ■ growth-promoting factor. Thoughts Are Analyzed. An effort to analyze the creative thought process of artists and poets was reported by Dr. Catharine Pat rick of Coral Gables, Fla. With what must have been extraor dinary persuasive powers she induced "50 artists of ability, whose work has apeared in the better exhibits,” to think out loud while each drew a I picture suggested by a verse of poetry. | Meanwhile a stenographer took down every word spoken. She did the same with 50 well-known poets, who wrote poems based on a picture. Then she induced two control groups of 50 each, who didn't claim to be artists or poets, to produce similar pictures and verses while they talked to them selves. The net result reported by Dr. Pat rick was the conclusion that creative thought proceeds in four stages— preparation, incubation, illumination and verification. She didn’t report what the poets and artists thought about the experiment. Progress Against Cancer. Two developments of possible far reaching significance in cancer study were reported. Dr. James B. Murphy of the Rockefeller Institute told of extracting from the placenta and skin of embryonic animals and from the breasts of cows and rabbits just previous to or early in the milk-giv ing stage a substance which definitely inhibits -certain tumor growth. From the material left over from the extraction he also obtained a ma terial which stimulated cancer growth in chickens. Dr. Murphy and his co-workers pro ceeded on the theory that cancer might be due to an upset balance be tween two hypothetical constituents of most normal cells—one a stimulator of growth and the other an inhibitor. A cancerous growth might be due either to too little of the latter or too much of the former. They made an extract from cancer ous growths in chickens which, they found, stimulated tumor development. By progressive extractions of this product they obtained a more and more potent product. But, w’hen they injected into fowls the residue from the extractions, they found that it had a measurable inhibiting effect. If these two substances were con stituents of normal tissue, they rea soned, the place to look for the in hibitor would be in tissue where it would be most needed—where there is an especially strong growth urge, as in the tissues of embryos and ac tively developing adult tissue. Mixing of Extract. The second development was the announcement by Dr. James W. Job ling of Columbia University of ob taining an extract from chicken tumor which, when mixed with muscle ex tract, produced the tumor in a large number of cases. Always it was nec essary to mix the extraction with some tissue extract to get results, but an extract from mouse muscle had the same effect on chickens as did the use of chicken tissue itself in the mixture. Some men go through life with the sign of the cross on their foreheads— and the fact throws serious doubts on some generally accepted ideas of evo lution. Thus declared Dr. Horace H. Evans of the Long Island College of Medicine at a sectional meeting. The peculiarity, known as metroplsm, is due to failure of the two bones con stituting the forehead to close after infancy. Thus there persists a suture in the middle of the forehead which makes a cross-like junction with the parietal suture which runs across the top of the head. Notable differences between men and women in the abilities supposed to play a part in automobile driving were re ported by Dr. A. R. Lauer of Iowa State College, based on a study of 2,425 individuals with a portable psy chological laboratory. He measured the differences of the two sexes at various ages in such characteristics as acuteness of vision and hearing, range of seeing, emotional stability, strength, activity, judgment of distance, etc. Said Dr. Lauer: "Up to the age of 15, girls seem to be about as apt as boys. Above 55 there is little differ ence. The greatest differences were found between the ages of 25 and 40, and women seem to be leu apt than ar ' . r Wilson i Continued From First Page t Moran told reporters shortly afterward that he could ‘‘hardly rely” on his Government retirement pay. Asked what this was, he answered: ‘‘I am given the munificent sum of $1,500 a year. ‘‘I have contributed to the Govern ment retirement fund enough of my salary to pay this for three years. “I can't understand why Congress has not considered that the Secret Service men occupy hazardous posi tions and are entitled to consideration. "I hope some day for recognition for the men now in the service, who richly deserve it.” . Voices Appreciation. Earlier, Morgenthau had made a brief talk of appreciation to Moran after naming Wilson as new chief and Murphy assistant chief. Both Wilson and Murphy took the oaths of office shortly before noon to day, although their terms do not be gin officially until midnight. Wilson's salary as chief will be $8,000 yearly, while that of Murphy will be $7,000. The appointments were made, Mor genthau announced, after conference with President Roosevelt. In Mur phy’s case, the Secretary said, a principal consideration in returning him to the post from which he was relieved earlier this year was his “splendid record on the President’s South American trip,” during which he supervised all protective arrange ments for the Chief Executive. In the post of assistant chief, the White House detail will be directly under Murphy, Morgenthau continued. Wilson, who has fashioned a dis tinguished career in the service of the Government, has been acting assistant chief of the Secret Service since Sep tember 8. Prior to that he was the “ace” of the Intelligence Unit of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, his great est achievements being recorded in connection with the conviction of A1 Capone for income tax evasions, and in connection with the kidnaping of the first son of Charles A. Lindbergh. Wilson was born in Buffalo, May 19, 1886, and received his education in that city. After a short term in the Army in 1917, he was employed as an investigator by the New York Federal Food Board and as a repre sentative of the Justice Department in Buffalo in the capacity of deputy fair price commissioner. In 1920. Wilson was appointed a special agent in the Intelligence Unit of the Internal Revenue Bureau and advanced through the various grades to the position of special agent in charge of the Cleveland division. It was from this post that he was taken last September to become acting head of the Secret Service. Went to Chicago in 1930 and 1931. In 1930 and 1931 Wilson was de tailed to Chicago to take charge of the Government's income tax drive against Capone and the latter's associates. Wilson's success in deci phering the impounded bookkeeping records of the underworld chieftain enabled the Government to connect Capone with various lawbreaking ac tivities and eventually to prove in come tax evasions. In 1932, a few days after the Lind bergh baby was kidnaped, in March, Wilson accompanied Elmer L. Irey, chief of the intelligence unit, and A. P. Madden, another "ace” of the squad, to New York and New Jersey to aid in solving the case. Because of Capone's reported “in side” knowledge of this case, Wilson's aid was considered particularly valu able. The new Secret Service chief now has among his possessions a let ter from Col. Lindbergh expressing great appreciation for Wilson’s serv ices in the kidnaping case. Murphy, a native of Columbus, Ohio, was bom in 1878. his father later becoming a member of the Secret Service and serving until his death in 1906. Guarded Theodore Roosevelt. The younger Murphy received his first appointment in 1899. In 1903 he became chief of the northeast district with headquarters in Boston and it was during the 10-year term in that post that he received his first presidential assignment, being se lected to guard President Theodore Roosevelt during the latter's last two years in office. Subsequently, Murphy served In the White House detail during the admin istration of President Taft and in 1912 was assigned to guard duty with President Wilson. It was during the latter’s term that Murphy became head of the White House detail. He accompanied the wartime President on his trips abroad and around this country. In 1919 Murphy was named assis tant chief of the Secret Service, but late this Summer he was removed from this post after disclosure that he had participated in an unautho rised investigation of the activities of Justice Department agents. At SENATOR GUFFY - Injuries of Legislator Be lieved Slight After Taxi Hits Private Car. Senator Joseph F. Guffey of Penn sylvania was injured this afternoon, probably slightly, when the taxicab in which he was a passenger was in collision with another car at Second street and Indiana avenue. The Senator was transferred to another cab and rushed to Emergency Hospital. There doctors said he had undetermined irijurles to the chest and one shoulder. They did not re gard his condition as serious, how ever. He was admitted to the hos pital. Guffey was en route from his office on Capitol Hill to keep an appoint ment at the Raleigh Hotel when the accident occurred. The cab was driven by Carrol E. Lee, 1923 Sixteenth street, who escaped injury. The other colliding vehicle was a private passenger car. STATE UNIVERSITIES HONOR DR. MARVi G. W. Head Elected Treasurer of Association—Iowan Is President. Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin, president of George Washington University, was elected treasurer of the State Uni versity Association yesterday. D Eugene A. Gilmore, president of t!:.* University of Iowa, was named presi : dent. Others elected at the meeting, which was held at G. W„ were Erne it, H. Lindley, president of the Univer sity of Kansas, vice president, and John L. Newcomb, president of the I University of Virginia; H. V. Bene j diet, president of the University of Texas, and George Thomas, presi dent of the University of Utah, mem bers of the Executive Board. The organization adopted resolu j tions calling for preservation of “tra I ditional individuality of the States in 1 education," and supporting two bills ! in Congress to set up further engi ! neering projects in commerce under Federal subsidies. — -• " Hoffman _( Continued Prom First Page.) mann. who was executed for the Lindbergh murder. Attorney General David T. Wilentz said then such in* formation on the ransom money had previously been well known and widely published. No Yellow Backs. The Lindbergh ransom bills, payable in gold, were the same in appearance as non-gold bills, Wilentz said. "The only reference to gold (on ransom bills) is a little seal ion the bill's face) saying it was a gold certificate. • • • I The bills didn't have any yellow backs , or gold backs to them.” The description of the bills came ; out during the testimony of Theron , J. Main of Warsaw, N. Y„ a defense ( witness at the Flemington trial. Kimberling, one of the troopers, said by the Philadelphia Record to have found the gold-back hoard, re iterated that none of his men had found any ransom bills. Federal Bureau of Investigation au thorities said the Lindbergh-Haupt mann case was "closed” in their files and they knew of no new develop ments. AB-DEL-KRIM RECALL FROM EXILE IS VOTED; French Colonial Committee to Seek Release of Fallen Riff Chief tain From Island. By the Associated Press. PARIS, December 31.—The Cham j ber of Deputies' Colonial Committdfe voted yesterday a motion requesting i the government to permit Ab-del-krim, Riff chieftain, to return to Prance from his exile on the Isle of Reunion. Leftist Deputies, declining to ex plain their reasons for wanting the exile back in Prance, referred to him as a '“great friend” of the nation. There have been, however, persistent j reports in Chamber lobbies that the : man who held Spain’s army in check in Morocco “might be useful” if the international situation grew worse. The committee also agreed to ask an , increase in the vanquished warrior’s pension, now fixed at 100,000 francs a year—about $4,670. ! that time Murphy was assigned to duty on the Pacific Coast, but before he left to take over his new work. Chief Moran announced his wish to quit active service. Murphy then was directed to remain in Washington to aid Wilson in tak ing over the Job of acting chief. It was since then that Murphy made his "splendid record” in directing the White House detail. Moran, the retiring chief, was borjj_ in Hagerstown, Md., in 1864 and en tered the Secret Service in 1887. He became assistant chief in 1907 and was made chief in 1918. During his service as an agent Moran became an expert on counterfeiting operations, then the principal concern of the service. Moran reached the retirement age of 70 in 1934. but extensions of his term twice have been directed by executive order. His retirement at this time leaves him with a record of longer service than any previous chief of the Secret Service. Failing health was given as the reason for his quitting active duty earlier this year, with vacation status being in effect until the retirement tonight Night Final Delivered by Carrier Anywhere in the City Full Sports Race Results, Complete Market News of the Day, Latest News Flashes from Around the World. Whatever it is, you’ll find it in The Night Final Sports Edition. THE NIGHT FINAL SPORTS and SUNDAY STAR—delivered by carrier—70c a month. Call National 5000 and service will start at once.