A. P. CAPITAL STAFF
Appointed Chief of Bureau
in Washington to Suc
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, December 31.—The ap
pointment of Milo M. Thompson as
chief of the Washington bureau of
the Associated Press in succession to
Byron Price, who becomes the execu
tive news editor of the organization,
was announced today by Kent Cooper,
Born in 1894, Thompson has had
many years of practical newspaper ex
perience In various parts of the
country. His training and political
reporting Included State house assign
ments in such widely scattered State
capitals as Boston, Atlanta, Boise,
Sacramento and Des Moines. He will
be no newcomer in Washington, having
previously covered the National House
of Representatives and various Gov
ernment departments. He entered the
service of the Associated Press nine
years ago and has occupied various
positions as bureau chief and news
For the last two years Thompson’s
assignment has been to visit each do
mestic bureau of the Associated Press,
to work Intimately with the staffs In
each and to note the ability of per
sonnel in all bureaus. His duty has
taken him to every State In the Union
and has made him personally ac
quainted with Associated Press em
ployes in all of them. He was a
member of the Associated Press staff
.covering the 1928. 1932 and 1936 na
tional political conventions.
Thompson's early newspaper train
ing was on the Herald at Joliet. 111.
After five years there he took «p the
study of international law at Harvard
University, working meanwhile on the
staff of the Christian Science Monitor
In Boston. At the break of relations
with Germany in 1917 he was trans
ferred to the Monitor's Washington
Later he took charge of the Moni
tor’s southern bureau In Atlanta, and
handled a political run for the Atlanta
He enlisted In the Army as a pri
vate, but later won a commission and
twice held Washington assignments,
first in the purchasing office of the
chief signal officer and again in the
training section of the Signal Corps.
He had a part in preparing the Sig
nal Corps radio text book and the
catalogue of Signal Corps equipment.
After he left the Army late in 1919,
Thompson joined the staff of the
Idaho Statesman. Boise, becoming
managing editor in 1920 and editor
In chief In 1922.
Thompson has been in charge of
Bacramento, Des Moines. Kansas City
and Denver bureaus of the Associated
Press. He was for five years news
editor of the Southwestern division
at Kansas City before his transfer to
New York and assignment as inspec
tor of bureaus.
(Continued From First Page.)
to negotiate. An ad with that word
ing, but signed “Ann” instead of
“Tim,” appeared in the paper on
The note specified the ransom be
divided: $10,000 in $5 bills and the
remainder in $50 bills, all old and
wrinkled. It made no mention of
the Mattson family by name, but
•aid “the boy” would be safe. No
death threat was made.
The family was directed to “send
any one” with the ransom, but only
one person in the specified type of
The note threatened to double the
ransom demand if negotiations for
payment were not under way by Sun
day. January 3.
The demand was printed on two
•ides of a medium-size sheet of fools
cap, apparently with a child’s print
ing set. The paper was dirty and had
been refolded, apparently having been
carried in a pocket for some time.
Note Wording Not Disclosed.
The actual note was seized an hour
after the kidnaping by Department
of Justice agents, who have not dis
closed the exact wording or allowed
any pictures to be made of it.
Last night the Mattsons turned off
the lights on their prize-winning
Christmas decorations outside the
house shortly before 11 p.m. Soon
afterward lights In the house began
winking out one at a time.
A few hours earlier Pierce County
sheriff’s deputies announced they had
located, after a three-day search, a
“known underworld character” they
said had planned a kidnaping at Fort
Lewis some time ago, but had been
dissuaded. He was able to give a sat
isfactory account of his activities since
Charles disappeared, officers said.
At Eureka, Calif., the Humboldt
County sheriff investigated a report
a boy answering the description of
Charles had eaten in a restaurant
there Tuesday evening with a man.
Waitress Reports Pair.
Mrs. Dorothy Reppeteau, a waitress,
reported serving the pair and noticing
the resemblance of the boy to pic
tures of young Mattson. She said
the boy paid for his own meal and
told her they had arrived on a bus
from the north.
G. Stambaugh, driver of the south
bound bus which left Eureka shortly
afterward, said no man and boy
answering the descriptions rode with
MYSTERIOUS SIGNALS PROBED.
SUte Police Speed to Spot 18 Miles
SEATTLE. December 31 </P).—A
half dozen State highway patrol cars
sped toward Issaquah, about 13 miles
southeast of here, early today to in
vestigate what appeared tp be signals
from an automobile spoMght in the
It was near Issaquah that little
George Weyerhaeuser was released by
kidnapers in 1035 after his parents
paid a $200,000 ransom.
Yesterday Mrs. P. C. Wiltsie, Seat
tle, reported to police some one en
tered a house near Issaquah and
stole a mattress and some bedding.
The light was seen Winking In the
foothills shortly before midnight by
several witnesses. The flashes were
Hunt Game Hogs.
ROCK HALL, Md., December 31 UP).
—Federal agents are operating in the
vicinity of Rock Hall, attempting to
apprehend violators of the Federal
wild fowl laws. Reports said the agents
were seeking persons using a large
caliber gun of the rapid-fire type,
mounted on the prow of a boat. The
gun is used only at night, the agents
of Interesting Events
WEN Senator King, Demo
crat. of Utah, goes on a
trip, whether business or
pleasure, he usually tries
to find out little things that most
others would pass by.
For instance. Senator King was a
member of a party that recently made
a trip to Florida on the so-called
“Sugar Cane Special.” Down in the
Everglades, at a little settlement
known as Canal Point, pupils in a
colored school staged a special show
for the “Sugar Cane Special’s” guests.
There were clog dances, spirituals
and a dramatic skit.
Senator King obviously enjoyed the
show. He applauded vigorously. When
it was over, however, he left the party
and went behind the school house to
chat with the Youngsters.
In a routine, inquisitorial way. Sen
ator King asked one of the children
a series of geography questions, and
received correct answers. Then he
turned to another and inquired: “How
many oceans are there in the world?”
“I think there are 12,” he replied,
“but you can't find any around here.”
Senator King chuckled. And to
another boy. at least 10 years old, he
“How old are you, son?"
"Three,” he answered.
"How old are you?” Senator King
“Three,” the boy reaffirmed.
But at that moment the boy who
answered the geography questions
jabbed the other youngster in the
ribs with an elbow and said:
"You’re a bigger liar than I am."
And that was the end of the inves
* * * *
John MacArthur, aged nine, is
going to be either an advertising
man or a press agent, his family
has just about decided.
He had a box "for sale” the
other day as he played about the
house. But his spiel was no
ordinary and uninspired one.
“For sale!" he would shout.
"A box your dishes will love to
* * * *
^LfHEN DAN MAHER, attorney, goes
into court again to defend a
drunken client he intends to ask
more specific questions.
He was defending a man charged
with intoxication before Judge Ed
ward M. Curran and told the jurist,
on the strength of the man’s own
statement, that his client had never
been convicted before. Just then a
policeman handed a paper up to the
bench. It was the man’s record, and
showed he had been convicted 19
"You’ve put me in a terrible spot,”
Maher said to his client in the dock
later. “You told me you had never
"I ain’t never been convicted,” was
the reply, "I always pleaded guilty
* * * *
X-TABITUES of the Warrenton
hunt country may be quick on
the trigger when it comes to matters
equine, but once In awhile some city
chap gets the jump in the art of
The Warrenton folk are proud of
their pink coats, which they feel to
be something of a symbol of the
healthy life in the great open spaces.
They seem to miss no opportunities
of sporting them of an evening, for
a feeling of superiority they seem to
give over more somberly clad city
At a Warrenton party recently a
patron of the chase walked up to a
friend, clad in formal black and
white—a chap who confine* his riding
to an occasional canter in Rock Creek
Park—and asked him chidingly where
his piuk coat was.
‘‘Well, it’s this way," replied the
Rock Creek huntsman, “my horse died
this morning and I’m in mourning for
* * * *
QHOSTS aren’t the only beings that
rattle various and sundry objects
The wife of a prominent general
went to dinner at the house of a
Washington matron the other night
and proceeded to the second floor to
leave her wraps.
Five minutes later the hostess heard
her descending the stairs, but some
thing strange seemed to be following
“Rattle, rattle, rattle—slap, slap,
slap,” it went. What could it be,
she asked herself?
She ran into the hall fearing the
worst, and, while not the chain to
the dungeon keep, she saw a flash of
pink and tratlihg laces.
You’ve guessed it. It was the
hostess’ corset, which, in her hurry,
she had neglected to pick up from
under the bed.
With almost Incredible agility, she
rounded the lady, disentangled the
object from the hem of her dress,
and relegated it to the cloak closet
before the other guests could see what
Marly years hence future occupants
of the house may well be haunted
by an austere lady descending the
stairs and dragging a corset of the
* * * *
E'VKRY one probably hat had
a go at trying to figure out the
most effective method of getting
Wen, here’s one that’s about as
ingenious as any this department
has heard. It seems that a certain
young gentleman feels that he
cannot start his day without a
FURTHER KATE CUT
ORDERED BY A. T. T.
Long-Distance Charge Slash
Effective January 15,
F. C. C. Announces.
By the Associated Press.
The Communications Commission
announced today a $12,000,000 annual
reduction in the Nation’s long-distance
telephone bill would become effective
on January 15.
Typical reductions for daytime sta
tlon-to-station calls from Washington
are as follows: Richmond, 60 to 55
cents; Philadelphia, .75 to .60; Nor
folk, .85 to .70; New York, *1.05 to
.85; Boston, $1.50 to *1.25; Chicago,
*2.10 to *1.85; Omaha, *3.25 to *2.80;
Denver. *4.75 to $4.25; Salt Lake City.
*5.75 to *5, and San Francisco, *7.25
Reductions $22,000,000 Yearly.
The new cut brings to $22,000,000
annually the reductions the American
Telephone St Telegraph Co. has In
stituted since the Government began
Its Investigation of the corporation.
It was brought about by confer
ences between telephone officials and
representatives of the commission,
without formal rate hearings. Rapid
improvement in general business con
ditions and the consequent increase in
long-distance telephone operations
were stressed by the Government rep
resentatives in urging the reduction.
Commission officials said the result
Is that the public will receive the large
reduction at once, without having to
await the conclusion of long-drawn
hearings and possible litigation.
Basic Day Charges Cut.
The new schedules Include reduc
tions in all forms of interstate tele
phone rates. Charges for basic day
station-to-station calls are cut at all
distances, starting with a 5-cent re
duction at 42 miles. Increasing with
distance and amounting to as much
as $1 on calls between Eastern sea
ports and the Pacific Coast.
Similar reductions are made in day
person-to-person calls, with large cuts
in night and Sunday rates, both sta
tion to station and person to person.
Commission officials said the new
tariffs wipe out uneven rate steps and
represent an important advance in
telephone rate making.
LEAHY SWORN IN
AS NAVAL CHIEF
Admiral Takes Oath to Succeed
Standley, Who Retires
Admiral William H. Leahy took the
oath of office today as chief of naval
operations, succeeding Admiral Wil
liam H. Standley. Because of the
holidays, however, he will not assume
his duties until next week.
The oath was administered in the
presence of Secretary Swanson and
high ranking officers, including mem
bers of the general board and chiefs
of the various bureaus. Using a time
worn Bible, Rear Admiral Gilbert J.
Rowcliff, judge advocate general of
the Navy, administered the oath.
Admiral Standley, who had been the
chief of naval operations since July
1, 1933, retires from active duty to
night. having reached the age of 64.
He has been on active duty 45 years.
Secretary Swanson, in handing Ad
miral Leahy his commission, prophe
sied for him “a very successful and
prosperous administration.” Leahy
thanked the cabinet officer for the
confidence reposed in him by President
Roosevelt, who selected him for the
post, and by Swanson.
In a brief address Admiral Standley
paid tribute to Admiral Leahy’s “broad
experience and wise judgment” and
said the country la fortunate In having
Admiral Standley will leave Sunday
for Norfolk, where he will board the
U. S. S. Wyoming for passage to the
West Coast. He wiU make his home in
San Diego, Calif.
Family Told of Crash Death.
KINSTON, N. C„ December 31 (fP).
—The family of Thad W. Tyndall, 57,
was informed yesterday of his death
in an automobile accident near Suf
Former Consul, 689
To Be Married to
Distant Cousin, 65
Oscar S. Heizer Met Her
30 Years Ago on Trip
Oscar Stuart Heizer, 68, former con
sul general in Constantinople and Al
giers, will be married tomorrow to Miss
Mary Ann Hartwell, 65, a distant
cousin, whom he met about 30 years
ago. The couple obtained a license
The ceremony will be performed at
noon by Rev. Howard Stone Anderson,
pastor of First Congregational Church,
at the clergyman’s home, 4701 Blagden
Heizer said today they plan to take
a honeymoon trip, “but we’re not say
ing where we’re going,” he added. A
widower, Heizer said his friendship
with Miss Hartwell began on one of
his first trips to Washington about
30 years ago. The bride-to-be lives at
3420 Sixteenth street.
A native of Kossmuth, Iowa, Heizer
entered the foreign service in 1892,
when he was appointed assistant
treasurer of the four American mis
sions in Turkey. He served in this
capacity until 1906, when he was
made deputy consul general at Con
stantinople*. Subsequently, he served
as consul general in Trebizond, Bag
dad, Constantinople, Jerusalem and
Algiers before retiring from the serv
ice a couple of yean ago.
large glass of a certain mineral
water which the butler has strict
orders to bring every morning at
a specified time. The young man,
last thing at night, carefully locks
the two doors which separate his
sleeping quarters from the rest of
the house and puts the keys in
his top busaau drawer. When
the hour of call comes in the
morning the servant comes to the
outer door and begins knocking
loudly until he is sure he has
roused the sleeper. The young
man, thinking of the eye-opener
waiting without, gets up and finds
the keys and opens up the doors.
By that time he's wide awake and
it’s too much trouble to go back
Maritime Dispute Enters 63d
Day With Little Hope
By the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO, December 31.—
Shipowners sought conferences with
another striking maritime union to
day, but the approach of a new year
found Pacific Coast waterfronts strike
bound for the sixty-third day and
unions projecting national legislation
to back their cause.
The coast's huge maritime industry
faced 1937 with 233 ships idle, ap
proximately 40,000 men on strike and
resulting losses to business estimated
as high as $450,000,000, on the basis
of figures computed by the Shipping
Merchants’ Association here.
Called to Conference.
T. G. Plant, chairman of the Off
shore Shippers’ Negotiating Commit
tee, asked representatives of the
marine engineers to a conference to
day to discuss union demands for
preference in hiring, a manning scale
based on the eight-hour day, and
Refusal of the operators to grant
preferential hiring to the Licensed
Deck Officers’ Union led to postpone
ment of a previous conference with
the engineers, but Plant said he was
following the shipowners' policy of
meeting all the seven striking unions.
The unions’ joint “law and leg
islation’’ committee announced tenta
tive plans for a Federal legislation
program after peace efforts virtually
were halted yesterday. Both sides ap
peared t* be awaiting possible devel
opments In Washington with the
opening of Congress Tuesday.
The legislative program, approved
by the Joint Strike Policy Committee
would give unions full rights to strike,
but embodies a Government board to
Some legislators have been reported
drafting bills to provide a mediation
board such as was set up in 1926
! under the railroad labor act.
REQUESTED BY OTTO
Hapsburg Pretender Calls on 1,500
to Win Over Other Austrian
Communities to Cause.
B> the Associated Press.
VIENNA. December 31.—Archduke
Otto, pretender to the non-existent
Austrian throne, yesterday urged
1,500 burgomasters of Austrian com
munities of which he is an honorary
citizen to win over the rest of the
Austrian communities to the Haps
The pretender made his request In
sending his New Year wishes to the
burgomasters from Steenockerzeel
Castle, Belgium, where the Hapsburg
home was established by his mother,
former Empress Zita.
“Our fatherland now must bridge
over the rift which was formed in
1918,” the archduke wrote.
He urged the burgomasters to win j
over the rest of the Austrian com- '
munities to the Hapsburg cause, be- !
! cause, he wrote. “Only in unity is I
power, which is the cable to turn
wishes into reality.
" itestoration of the Hapsburg mon- j
! archy is not intended for my own '
| glory, but for the glory of God and
: the blessing of Europe.”
(Continued From First Page.)
57 years ago. The pontiff participated
in another church ceremony there on
Ascension day, 1933, during his jubi
Among the worshippers were mem
bers of the diplomatic corps accredited
to the papal court and representatives
of King Victor Emmanuel and Premier
Lights Burn All Night.
Throughout the night lights burned
In the windows of the Pope's apart
ments, where the staff of vigilant doc
tors and nurses assemble'd by Dr.
Aminta Milanl, the chief physician,
labored to counteract any further de
cline in the holy father's now admit
tedly flagging condition.
Gloom penetrated the farthermost
quarters of the Holy See as it was
realized there would be no New Year
celebration for the tiny city this year.
The easing of the pontiff’s pain was
attributed, in part, to the disappear
ance of a blood clot from his left leg,
which was partially paralyzed.
Physicians were worried, however,
lest it drift through the blood stream
to the heart or brain, where it prob
Doctor Describes Ailment.
By the Associated Press.
VATICAN CITY, December 31.—The
condition of Pope Pius was described
today for the Associated Press by one
of his doctors in a written report which
"The Pope suffered the breaking of
a varicose vein in his left leg producing
a wound which is still open and which
will require much time to heal.
“At the same time he had an arterial
obturation (blockage of the artery).
An embolus (blood clot) closed an
artery, thus impeding normal circula
tion of the blood and causing swelling
of the left leg, light paralysis and very
"These phenomena disappeared two
days ago after normal circulation had
been reactivated with opportune dia
thermic (heat) treatments.
“What is most greatly preoccupying
is his general condition, especially the
heart which at times gives indications
of tiredness and the functioning of the
kidneys, which is greatly diminished.
"In consequence of these facts and
very accentuated arteriosclerosis (hard
ening of the arteries), his holiness
presents the phenomena of asthma,
weakness and general exhaustion.”
The physician added that althouga
local circulation in the leg had im
proved, the Pontiff’s general circula
tion remains sluggist and there are
clots in the blood stream which. If
they reach the heart or brain, will be
MAIL RECORDS BROKEN
Postmaster General Parley said to
day that Christmas mall broke all
Receipts at post offices in 13 of the
Nation's largest cities, during the week
ending December 34, totaled *5,789,
488, an increase of *1,139,543 over the
same week a year ago.
New Secret Service Heads Take Oath
Frank J. Wilson becomes chief of the Secret Service at midnight tonight, succeeding William
H. Moran. Joseph E. Murphy resumes his post of assistant chief. Wilson and Murphy are shown
here being sworn into office.
Left to right are Murphy, Wilson, Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau, who made the ap
pointments, and Chief Clerk Frank J. Birgfeld, who administered the oaths.—Star Staff Photo.
Carbon Dioxide 6Key9 Unlocks
Mysteries of Plant Life
Instrument Measuring Concentration
of Chemical Also Proves Useful in
Gauging Man’s Physical State,
BY THOMAS R. HENRY,
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
ATLANTIC CITY, December 31.—
An instrument that measures instan
taneously carbon dioxide concentra
tion in air with a precision of one
part in a million, and which may prove
an invaluable' tool in both pure sci
ence and medicine, was described be
fore a section meeting of the Ameri
can Association for the Advancement
of Science here yesterday afternoon
t*y Dr. E. D. McAllister of the Smith
The mechanism already has un
locked the doors, it was reported, to
understanding of fundamental be
havior of plant growth which hitherto
had eluded all investigators, and
which is the foundation of all life on
A possible future field of usefulness
will be in measuring human basal
metabolism, of extreme importance in
physical examinations, but which re
quires a long time and is expensive.
With this device such examinations
can be made cheaply and in a few
Basis of Instrument.
The instrument's basis is the fact
that carbon dioxide is opaque to a
certain narrow band of radiation in
the invisible infra-red spectrum. A
beam of this light is shot through a
quantity of air which one desires tc
analyze. It fails to get through to
a degree corresponding to the num
ber of carbon-dioxide molecules which
are encountered. That which does
get through falls upon a spectrograph
which is so arranged as to admit only
radiation of this particular wave
length. Behind the spectrograph is
a thermo couple, one of the most deli
cate of all radiation measurnig de
The radiation falling upon the ther
mo couple sets up minute electric cur
rents in proportion to its intensity,
which are recorded on a galvanometer.
It is so sensitive that as little as one
part of carbon dioxide per million of
air can be detected. The same pre
cision could be reached by micro
chemical analysis, but it would re
quire a half hour or more, and pro
gressing changes, of the utmost im
portance. could not be detected.
The instrument has far-reaching
implications in certain types of micro
chtmical analysis, in the study of
plant life and possibly in medicine.
The fundamental process of life on
earth, it often is stated, is photo
synthesis—the building up by cells
of a plant of hydrocarbons out of water
absorbed through the roots and car
bon dioxide absorbed by the leaves
from the air under the influence of
light. These hydrocarbons built up
by the plant are the basic food of ani
mals and the basic source of heat and
power obtained from combustion.
•‘Breathes’’ Carbon Dioxide.
The plant “breathes’' carbon diox
ide only in the presence of Ught. The
energy of the light quanta absorbed
enables the plant to combine the
carbon dioxide molecule with the
molecule of the green pigment of its
leaves, chlorophyll. In darkness car
bon dioxide is exhaled only. The
plant, it might be said, falls into a
sort of sleep.
One of the most important findings
with the new instrument reported by
Mr. McAllister deals with the sleep
ing and waiting “habits.” A plant—
in most cases a wheat seedling—is
placed in an air-tight chamber through
which precisely measured amounts of
carbon dioxide in air can be sent.
First the specimen is kept in darkness
and the beam of invisible light shot
through the mixture. The galva
nometer records an increase of the
gas at a constant rate, due to the
plant's respiration. Then the light
is turned on. Almost instantly the
carbon dioxide begins to decrease as
its molecules are breathed in and
hooked on the chlorophyll molecules.
But after a night's sleep it requires
about 10 minutes for this decrease
to reach a maximum, constant rate.
In other words, it requires about 10
minutes for the plant to “wake up”
after a natural duration of darkness.
The length of the period decreases as
the period of darkness is decreased.
Quite different is the reverse proc
ess. The plant goes to sleep instantly
the light is turned off—that is, the
carbon dioxide begins to increase.
The change has been noted in one
sixtieth of a second. Thus apparently
is solved a problem with which plant
physiologists have wrestled for a long
time. A plant, it seems, is breathing
out carbon dioxide all the time at
a constant rate, and not just when
it is asleep. Otherwise there would
be a transition period comparable to
.that which accompanies “waking.”
The instrument, Mr. McAllister ex
plains, measures precisely the ab
sorption of carbon dioxide under vari
ous Intensities and wave bands of
visible light, different degrees of tem
perature and different concentrations
of carbon dioxide in the air. Of even
greater Importance, it measures the
Measures Water Vaper Content.
By use of another Infra-red wave
band it measures just as accurately
water vapor content of the air.
It constitutes perhaps the quickest
and most accurate means of chemical
analysis known for a limited field of
A hitherto unsuspected ons-ceHed
animal that lives in human intestines
may be the cause of many cases of
lowered vitality and susceptibility to
colds and fcther infections, it was re
ported by Dr. D. H. Wenrich of the
University of Pennsylvania. This
denizen of man's internal menagerie
is a very delicate protozoan known as
Dientamoeba fragilis. Known by
parasitologists for many years, it has
been supposedly harmless, but Dr.
Wenrich found reason to suspect it
in more than 70 cases.
An unidentified plant growth hor
mone in yeast was reported by Dr.
Philip R. White of the Rockefeller
Institute. He grew excised tomato
root tips in nutrient solutions contain
ing yeast. Progressive fractionaliza
tion of the yeast showed that two
distinct parts were functioning in
keeping the root tips alive. One was
Identified as a compound of amino
acids. The other, constituting about
5 per cent of the weight of the yeast,
was found to be the outstanding
■ growth-promoting factor.
Thoughts Are Analyzed.
An effort to analyze the creative
thought process of artists and poets
was reported by Dr. Catharine Pat
rick of Coral Gables, Fla.
With what must have been extraor
dinary persuasive powers she induced
"50 artists of ability, whose work has
apeared in the better exhibits,” to
think out loud while each drew a
I picture suggested by a verse of poetry.
| Meanwhile a stenographer took down
every word spoken. She did the same
with 50 well-known poets, who wrote
poems based on a picture. Then she
induced two control groups of 50
each, who didn't claim to be artists
or poets, to produce similar pictures
and verses while they talked to them
The net result reported by Dr. Pat
rick was the conclusion that creative
thought proceeds in four stages—
preparation, incubation, illumination
and verification. She didn’t report
what the poets and artists thought
about the experiment.
Progress Against Cancer.
Two developments of possible far
reaching significance in cancer study
were reported. Dr. James B. Murphy
of the Rockefeller Institute told of
extracting from the placenta and skin
of embryonic animals and from the
breasts of cows and rabbits just
previous to or early in the milk-giv
ing stage a substance which definitely
inhibits -certain tumor growth.
From the material left over from
the extraction he also obtained a ma
terial which stimulated cancer growth
Dr. Murphy and his co-workers pro
ceeded on the theory that cancer
might be due to an upset balance be
tween two hypothetical constituents
of most normal cells—one a stimulator
of growth and the other an inhibitor.
A cancerous growth might be due
either to too little of the latter or too
much of the former.
They made an extract from cancer
ous growths in chickens which, they
found, stimulated tumor development.
By progressive extractions of this
product they obtained a more and
more potent product. But, w’hen they
injected into fowls the residue from
the extractions, they found that it
had a measurable inhibiting effect.
If these two substances were con
stituents of normal tissue, they rea
soned, the place to look for the in
hibitor would be in tissue where it
would be most needed—where there
is an especially strong growth urge,
as in the tissues of embryos and ac
tively developing adult tissue.
Mixing of Extract.
The second development was the
announcement by Dr. James W. Job
ling of Columbia University of ob
taining an extract from chicken tumor
which, when mixed with muscle ex
tract, produced the tumor in a large
number of cases. Always it was nec
essary to mix the extraction with
some tissue extract to get results, but
an extract from mouse muscle had the
same effect on chickens as did the
use of chicken tissue itself in the
Some men go through life with the
sign of the cross on their foreheads—
and the fact throws serious doubts on
some generally accepted ideas of evo
lution. Thus declared Dr. Horace H.
Evans of the Long Island College of
Medicine at a sectional meeting.
The peculiarity, known as metroplsm,
is due to failure of the two bones con
stituting the forehead to close after
infancy. Thus there persists a suture
in the middle of the forehead which
makes a cross-like junction with the
parietal suture which runs across the
top of the head.
Notable differences between men and
women in the abilities supposed to play
a part in automobile driving were re
ported by Dr. A. R. Lauer of Iowa
State College, based on a study of
2,425 individuals with a portable psy
He measured the differences of the
two sexes at various ages in such
characteristics as acuteness of vision
and hearing, range of seeing, emotional
stability, strength, activity, judgment
of distance, etc.
Said Dr. Lauer: "Up to the age of
15, girls seem to be about as apt as
boys. Above 55 there is little differ
ence. The greatest differences were
found between the ages of 25 and 40,
and women seem to be leu apt than
ar ' . r
i Continued From First Page t
Moran told reporters shortly afterward
that he could ‘‘hardly rely” on his
Government retirement pay.
Asked what this was, he answered:
‘‘I am given the munificent sum of
$1,500 a year.
‘‘I have contributed to the Govern
ment retirement fund enough of my
salary to pay this for three years.
“I can't understand why Congress
has not considered that the Secret
Service men occupy hazardous posi
tions and are entitled to consideration.
"I hope some day for recognition
for the men now in the service, who
richly deserve it.”
. Voices Appreciation.
Earlier, Morgenthau had made a
brief talk of appreciation to Moran
after naming Wilson as new chief
and Murphy assistant chief.
Both Wilson and Murphy took the
oaths of office shortly before noon to
day, although their terms do not be
gin officially until midnight. Wilson's
salary as chief will be $8,000 yearly,
while that of Murphy will be $7,000.
The appointments were made, Mor
genthau announced, after conference
with President Roosevelt. In Mur
phy’s case, the Secretary said, a
principal consideration in returning
him to the post from which he was
relieved earlier this year was his
“splendid record on the President’s
South American trip,” during which
he supervised all protective arrange
ments for the Chief Executive. In the
post of assistant chief, the White
House detail will be directly under
Murphy, Morgenthau continued.
Wilson, who has fashioned a dis
tinguished career in the service of the
Government, has been acting assistant
chief of the Secret Service since Sep
tember 8. Prior to that he was the
“ace” of the Intelligence Unit of the
Bureau of Internal Revenue, his great
est achievements being recorded in
connection with the conviction of A1
Capone for income tax evasions, and
in connection with the kidnaping of
the first son of Charles A. Lindbergh.
Wilson was born in Buffalo, May
19, 1886, and received his education
in that city. After a short term in
the Army in 1917, he was employed
as an investigator by the New York
Federal Food Board and as a repre
sentative of the Justice Department
in Buffalo in the capacity of deputy
fair price commissioner.
In 1920. Wilson was appointed a
special agent in the Intelligence Unit
of the Internal Revenue Bureau and
advanced through the various grades
to the position of special agent in
charge of the Cleveland division. It
was from this post that he was taken
last September to become acting head
of the Secret Service.
Went to Chicago in 1930 and 1931.
In 1930 and 1931 Wilson was de
tailed to Chicago to take charge of
the Government's income tax drive
against Capone and the latter's
associates. Wilson's success in deci
phering the impounded bookkeeping
records of the underworld chieftain
enabled the Government to connect
Capone with various lawbreaking ac
tivities and eventually to prove in
come tax evasions.
In 1932, a few days after the Lind
bergh baby was kidnaped, in March,
Wilson accompanied Elmer L. Irey,
chief of the intelligence unit, and A.
P. Madden, another "ace” of the
squad, to New York and New Jersey
to aid in solving the case.
Because of Capone's reported “in
side” knowledge of this case, Wilson's
aid was considered particularly valu
able. The new Secret Service chief
now has among his possessions a let
ter from Col. Lindbergh expressing
great appreciation for Wilson’s serv
ices in the kidnaping case.
Murphy, a native of Columbus,
Ohio, was bom in 1878. his father
later becoming a member of the Secret
Service and serving until his death
Guarded Theodore Roosevelt.
The younger Murphy received his
first appointment in 1899. In 1903
he became chief of the northeast
district with headquarters in Boston
and it was during the 10-year term
in that post that he received his first
presidential assignment, being se
lected to guard President Theodore
Roosevelt during the latter's last two
years in office.
Subsequently, Murphy served In the
White House detail during the admin
istration of President Taft and in
1912 was assigned to guard duty with
President Wilson. It was during the
latter’s term that Murphy became
head of the White House detail. He
accompanied the wartime President
on his trips abroad and around this
In 1919 Murphy was named assis
tant chief of the Secret Service, but
late this Summer he was removed
from this post after disclosure that
he had participated in an unautho
rised investigation of the activities
of Justice Department agents. At
SENATOR GUFFY -
Injuries of Legislator Be
lieved Slight After Taxi
Hits Private Car.
Senator Joseph F. Guffey of Penn
sylvania was injured this afternoon,
probably slightly, when the taxicab
in which he was a passenger was in
collision with another car at Second
street and Indiana avenue.
The Senator was transferred to
another cab and rushed to Emergency
Hospital. There doctors said he had
undetermined irijurles to the chest
and one shoulder. They did not re
gard his condition as serious, how
ever. He was admitted to the hos
Guffey was en route from his office
on Capitol Hill to keep an appoint
ment at the Raleigh Hotel when the
accident occurred. The cab was driven
by Carrol E. Lee, 1923 Sixteenth
street, who escaped injury.
The other colliding vehicle was a
private passenger car.
HONOR DR. MARVi
G. W. Head Elected Treasurer
Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin, president
of George Washington University, was
elected treasurer of the State Uni
versity Association yesterday. D
Eugene A. Gilmore, president of t!:.*
University of Iowa, was named presi
Others elected at the meeting,
which was held at G. W„ were Erne it,
H. Lindley, president of the Univer
sity of Kansas, vice president, and
John L. Newcomb, president of the
I University of Virginia; H. V. Bene
j diet, president of the University of
Texas, and George Thomas, presi
dent of the University of Utah, mem
bers of the Executive Board.
The organization adopted resolu
j tions calling for preservation of “tra
I ditional individuality of the States in
1 education," and supporting two bills
! in Congress to set up further engi
! neering projects in commerce under
— -• "
_( Continued Prom First Page.)
mann. who was executed for the
Lindbergh murder. Attorney General
David T. Wilentz said then such in*
formation on the ransom money had
previously been well known and
No Yellow Backs.
The Lindbergh ransom bills, payable
in gold, were the same in appearance
as non-gold bills, Wilentz said. "The
only reference to gold (on ransom
bills) is a little seal ion the bill's face)
saying it was a gold certificate. • • •
I The bills didn't have any yellow backs
, or gold backs to them.”
The description of the bills came
; out during the testimony of Theron ,
J. Main of Warsaw, N. Y„ a defense (
witness at the Flemington trial.
Kimberling, one of the troopers,
said by the Philadelphia Record to
have found the gold-back hoard, re
iterated that none of his men had
found any ransom bills.
Federal Bureau of Investigation au
thorities said the Lindbergh-Haupt
mann case was "closed” in their files
and they knew of no new develop
FROM EXILE IS VOTED;
French Colonial Committee to Seek
Release of Fallen Riff Chief
tain From Island.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, December 31.—The Cham
j ber of Deputies' Colonial Committdfe
voted yesterday a motion requesting
i the government to permit Ab-del-krim,
Riff chieftain, to return to Prance
from his exile on the Isle of Reunion.
Leftist Deputies, declining to ex
plain their reasons for wanting the
exile back in Prance, referred to him
as a '“great friend” of the nation.
There have been, however, persistent
j reports in Chamber lobbies that the
: man who held Spain’s army in check
in Morocco “might be useful” if the
international situation grew worse.
The committee also agreed to ask an ,
increase in the vanquished warrior’s
pension, now fixed at 100,000 francs a
! that time Murphy was assigned to
duty on the Pacific Coast, but before
he left to take over his new work.
Chief Moran announced his wish to
quit active service.
Murphy then was directed to remain
in Washington to aid Wilson in tak
ing over the Job of acting chief. It
was since then that Murphy made
his "splendid record” in directing
the White House detail.
Moran, the retiring chief, was borjj_
in Hagerstown, Md., in 1864 and en
tered the Secret Service in 1887. He
became assistant chief in 1907 and
was made chief in 1918. During his
service as an agent Moran became an
expert on counterfeiting operations,
then the principal concern of the
Moran reached the retirement age
of 70 in 1934. but extensions of his
term twice have been directed by
executive order. His retirement at
this time leaves him with a record of
longer service than any previous
chief of the Secret Service.
Failing health was given as the
reason for his quitting active duty
earlier this year, with vacation status
being in effect until the retirement
Night Final Delivered by Carrier
Anywhere in the City
Race Results, Complete Market News of the Day, Latest News
Flashes from Around the World. Whatever it is, you’ll find
it in The Night Final Sports Edition.
THE NIGHT FINAL SPORTS and SUNDAY STAR—delivered
by carrier—70c a month. Call National 5000 and service
will start at once.
xml | txt