Cloudy tonight, probably followed by . evening^ paper
occasional rain tomorrow: lowest tonight in Washington with the
SSJ* SSUSS'S « ^oriated Press News .
noon yesterday: lowest, 35, at 10:30 a.m. «I1(1 WirepflOtO beiTVlCGS.
today. Full report on page A-12.
Closing New York Markets, Page 14 cireSSSw?" 134,637 n'r148,188
p 1 9 _ (Some returni not jet rccthrcd.)
85th YEAR. No. 33,858. 'SSS&StfS?a_WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 11, 1937—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. ***** op> m..,. Ae.oci.t.d Pr..., TWO CENTS.
GUI TO VISIT
FOR “REAL” PEACE
Nazi Official’s Trip Held “Im
. portant” in Spanish Crisis.
Fuehrer Avoids Direct
Mention of War in Talk.
STANCE SEES GERMANS
BARRED IN MOROCCO
fans Believes Spanish African
Authorities Have Promised to
Get Berlin Troops Out of Area.
Stand Fast by Demands.
Spanish civil war is causing new
alignments among European
powers. Germany and Italy favor
Fascist rebels, while France and
Russia lean toward Socialist
Loyalists. England plays tradi
tional middle-of-road role seeking
to reconcile differences and pro
tect own far-flung interests. Vol
unteers from other nations have
gone to aid of Spanish fighters on
both sides and Non-intervention
Committee marks time. France has
heard Nazis are mobilizing in
Spanish Morocco and has sent de
mand they withdraw or be met
by French troops prepared to force
evacuation. Meanwhile, ships of
all major countries are concen
trated in danger zone awaiting out
come of crisis.
Bj the Associated Press.
BERLIN, January 11.—Gen. Her
mann Wilhelm Goering, the Reich’s
highest Nazi official next to Fuehrer
Adolph Hitler, will leave for Rome
tomorrow on what diplomatic circles
believe is an "important mission" in
connection with the Spanish crisis.
An official announcement by the
German News Bureau described the
vioe chancellor’s prospective stay in
the Fascist capital as a “vacation."
Diplomatic sources, however, pointed
out Gen. Goering has been vacation
ing in Rominter Forest in East Prussia
and expressed surprise Hitler’s chief
AOUfd ptou « “vacation"
during the prevailing European crisis.
Hitler Asks “Real” Peace.
Plans for Gen. Goering’s trip were
disclosed after Der Fuehrer had re
emphasized Germany’s desire for in
ternal order and “a real reconcilia
tion among peoples” during a reception
for the diipomatic corps.
Carerut to avoid any mention of
Spain, Bolshevism or rearmament,
Der Fuehrer declared at a belated
New Year reception:
“In attempting to establish moral
and economic order among the Ger
man people, we are thereby not only
safeguarding our own future, but, ac
cording to our own conviction, serving
the rest of the world.”
French Ambassador - Andre Fran
cois-Poncet, on behalf of the diplo
“May peace reign supreme among
all nations and within each nation.
• » • May Germany in an ever in
creasnig manner contribute to a
firmly founded general peace of Eu
rope and the world.”
To Continue Drive on Jobless.
Hitler declared Germany had suc
ceeded In further alleviating the
“scourge” of unemployment and said
she was determined to continue the
“If for this purpose we shall further
intensify and secure economic self
sufficiency for the German people,
this will not be done In order to cut
ourselves off from the w'orld about us,
but in the conviction that a really
healthy world can be built only on
healthy individual economies and that
a solution of the world economic
crisis must have its origin in a solu
tion of the political and economic
domestic crisis of individual peoples.”
Germany as a bulwark of true
European culture and social Justice,
he said, “win constitute a more de
pendable element of European peace
and order than a turbulent state torn
by many different opinions and suf
Germany was believed to have wel
comed the strong British note asking
again that volunteers be banned from
the Spanish war, because it was ad
dressed as well to France.
The impression was said to prevail
at the foreign office that France was
trying to delay imposition of the check
on aid to the Spanish combatants,
and for that reason the point-blank
note from England was well received.
The new representation, informing
Germany that Britain had forbidden
her nationals to join either side and
asking similar measures from the
Reich, was presented to the foreign
office late iast night.
Informed sources said the French
press campaign alleging invasion of
Spanish Morocco by German troops
was regarded as a deliberate effort to
destroy the effect; of the British note.
The text of the new demands was
relegated to Inside pages of newspapers
which devoted their space to the
“Paris wants war in Morocco! Paris
planning military intervention in favor
of Spanish Bolshevists!” read head
< lines in Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s
The Montagspost headlined:
“Secret intention of the French gen
eral staff! Annexation of Morocco
Disclosure of a new German-Port
uguese agreement signed last June
(See EUROPE, Page A^O
Seven Fishermen Drown.
LONDON, January 11 (A*).—Seven
fishermen were drowned when the
French trawler, Notre Dame de
Lourdes, sank after collision with the
steamer Theems at the mouth of the
Madrid Evacuates Thousands,
Train Guns for Netv Attack
Capital to Be Citadel, All Non-Combat
ants Gone—Rebels Shoot 15,000 in
Six Months, Is Report,
When Spanish civil war broke
out last July in Morocco rebels
advanced quickly to mainland and
began long, slow process of en
circling Madrid. One by one all
important cities were taken by
Fascist foes of the Socialist
Communist regime and the fall of
Madrid was looked forward to as
the signal of victory for the rebels.
The actual storming of Madrid
began last October, but the em
battled Loyalists withstood the at
tack better than any one expected
and the city remained untaken.
Both sides are in need of morale
sustaining victory, so new, hard
fight for capital city looms.
I By tlie Associated Press.
MADRID. January 11.—Madrid's
defense command speeded a 24-hour
evacuation of 2,500 non-combatants
to the south today and announced 11
Fascist deserters had related that one
insurgent general ordered 15.000 per
sons shot in the first six months of
the civil war.
The 2.500 women, children and old
men were the first day's allotment
in the new order to empty Madrid
of all but fighters and make it a mili
tary citadel of siege. Their destina
tion was Ciudad Real Province.
From the Cordoba high command,
in the south, came the deserters'
stories. It was Gen. Gonzalo Queipo
De Llano, Fascist southern com
mander, who decreed the 15,000 exe
cutions, they were quoted as saying.
They said also that whole battalions
of German troops, completely equipped
with supplies, ambulances, fast motor
cycles, trucks and motor cars had
joined the insurgents at Seville.
British See Damage to Embassy.
The British aerial attache. Flight
Lieut. H. M. Pearson, came to Madrid
from Alicante to study the effects of
last Fridays bombardment of the
British Embassy. He was to be joined
by the military attache, Maj. Rich
Spanish armies of siege and defense
rushed up ammunition and supplies
under heavy cannonades today in
preparation for a new and bitter Fas
cist onslaught on Madrid.
Both Fascist attackers and So
cialist ([oyernment defenders fever
(See BATTLE~Page A-77)
U. S. Intervention Expected
as G. M. C. Walkout Hits
By the Associated Press.
PONTIAC, Mich., January 11.—
Non-union employes of the Pontiac
Motor Co., a General Motors unit,
said they had ejected forcibly five
members of the United Automobile
Workers, who attempted a "sit-down”
strike in the plant today.
The Pontiac division of General
Motors so far has been unaffected
by strikes. Ninety-three hundred men
were at work today in the plant.
A spokesman for the non-union
men said the five men who "sat down”
at their places were picked up bodily
by other workmen and carried from
Anticipating an attempt to picket
the plant,, the non-union workmen
appointed a committee to request
police protection of City Manager Wil
liam P. Edmonson.
Officers said they had received no
report of violence at the Pontiac fac
LEAVE FOE WASHINGTON.
Martin and Brophy Will Confer
By the Associated Press.
DETROIT, January 11.—Homer
Martin, president of the United Auto
mobile Workers whose strikes have
thrown nearly 100,000 out of work in
General Motors automotive plants, an
nounced today he and John Brophy
would leave by airplane this afternoon
for Washington to confer with John
L. Lewis, head of the Committee for
Brophy is a director of the C. I. O.,
supporting the automobile union's dis
pute with General Motors Corp.
Martin said the conference with
Lewis would be at 8 o’clock tonight.
He said only that they would discuss
At Lansing, Mich., C. L. McCuen,
president of the Oldsmobile division,
has announced that 9,000 of the 12,000
employes in the Olds and Fisher Body
plants at Lansing would be laid off
tomorrow night because of strikes in
other plants. Pontiac and Oldsmobile
are the only General Motors divisions
whose production lines have hitherto
At U. A. W. A. headquarters in De
troit, a union spokesman said he
had been informed that company
guards attempted to stop an unde
termined number of men as they
walked out of the Pontiac plant. The
spokesman said several of the men
were struck with clubs. He said he
knew of no altercation between union
and non-union workmen.
James P. Dewey, Federal labor con
ciliator, remained in Detroit today,
but he said no conferences were sched
uled with either party to the labor
controversy. Gov. Frank Murphy, who
has acted as mediator in a futile
(See STRIKE, Page A-3.)
College Chemist Dies.
PASADENA, Calif., January 11
(A*).—Funeral services, to be held
Tuesday, were arranged today for Rev.
Victor A. Bast, S3, nationally-known
chemist of St. Joseph’s College, Moun
tain View, Calif. He died in a hos
pital here yesterday.
Case Dropped Against Couple
Who Left Baby Locked in Car
United States Attorney Leslie C.
Garnett today nolle proased charges
of cruelty against Mr. and Mrs.
Franklin Moore, Who were held for the
grand Jury under $300 bond in Police
Court Thursday for leaving their 8
month-old son, Franklin, jr., locked
in an automobile while they attended
a moving picture show.
Garnett decided to drop the charges
after reviewing the case this morn
ing. Attorney Earl Davis, appointed
by the court to represent the parents,
told Garnett he had proof that Mrs.
Moore left the show to feed and care
for the infant about 20 minutes be
fore police took him from the parked
Meanwhile. Capt. Rhode Milliken,
Chief of the Women’s Bureau, said
one of her assistants was investigating
the status of the family to determine
if the parents needed assistance in
the can of their first born.
President Puts Finishing
Touches to Details in
Br the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt whipped to
gether today the final details' of his
program to reorganize the Federal
Government, with efficiency rather
than economy the primary goal.
He will let Congress decide, after
outlining his proposals in a message
tomorrow, wnether any Federal ac
tivities should be abandoned or cur
Mr. Roosevelt explained his ideas for
regrouping the manifold Government
agencies on a functional basis to Vice
President Garner; Speaker Bankhead
and five other Democratic leaders at
the White House late yesterday.
The cabinet’s turn for an advance
peek at the report of his special in
vestigating committee came today, as
Congress began its second week with
only routine business at hand.
Amid rumors of major consolidations
impending, pleas of "save my job, if
necessary’” were reaching the Capitol
from office holders.
Some officials believed four prin
cipal reorganization suggestions might
1. That a welfare department of
cabinet rank be set up to take over
the social security and relief systems
and possibly educational agencies.
2. That almost all Government con
struction activities, such as roads,
public works allotments, encourage
ment of housing, etc., be combined,
possibly under another cabinet post.
3. That the Department of the In
terior be made a conservation de
partment, in line with Secretary
Ickes' preference, and be given con
servation duties now exercised by the
Agriculture and other departments,
along with jurisdiction over the Cl
4. That, should "log-i oiling’’ threat
en achievement of reorganization by
Congress, the authority for minor
shifts and consolidations be entrusted
to the President.
Chairman Byrd of the Senate com
mittee studying reorganization planned
to insist on economy as an objective
as well as efficiency. He would con
(See ROOSEVELT, Page A-2.)
GOVERNOR TAKES DERBY
FOR HIS INAUGURAL
Walter. A. Huxman Spurns Silk
Hat for Ceremonies at To
By the Associated Press.
TOPEKA, Kans., January 11.—
Walter A. Huxman, a Democrat,
spurned a silk hat in favor of a derby
today for ceremonies inaugurating him
as Governor, replacing All M. Landon,
The successor to the 1936 Republi
can presidential nominee was greeted
by a Republican-controlled Legislature.
Most of the State executive offices also
are held by Republicans.
Huxman, fifth Democrat to become
Governor of Kansas, tried on a silk
hat yesterday, which he will wear in
Washington, D. C., later this month
at the President’s inaugural ball. Then
“No high hat for me tomorrow. I'm
going to wear a derby.”
Moore, a P. W. A. worker, who live*
with hi* wife and child in a one
room home at ISIS Eleventh street,
said he and his wife had no one
with whom to leave the baby when
they decided to see their first mov
ing-picture show in five months.
The couple was jailed and released
on bond in Police Court the follow
ing day. After stories of the case
appeared in the newspapers, several
persons volunteered to care for the
child from time to time to permit the
Moores to get some recreation at
The baby was sent to Gallinger Hos
pital after police broke in a window
of the locked car. Physicians said
the child was in good health, and
Garnett on Saturday ordered Frank
lin, jr.. restored to his'parents.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Moore say they
can care for the baby, although Moore
admited neither he nor his wife knew
much about rearing children
Commission Would Include 5
Senators, 5 Representa
tives, 5 Citizens.
INCLUDED IN PLAN
FOR TERRITORY HERE
Senator Says He Does Not Believe
Reimbursement for Services
An entirely new Investigation of
the fiscal relations problem by a com
mission of five Senators, five Repre
sentatives and five residents of the
District was proposed in the Senate
today by Senator Clark, Democrat, of
Missouri, as part of his plan to set
up a territorial form of government
While the main purpose of Clark's
resolution is to have an organic act
drafted for a territory, it also directs
the commission to recommend what
would be a fair and equitable amount
to be paid by the United States toward
the expenses of the Capital City. It
was referred to the Territories Com
mittee, of which Senator ladings,
Democrat, of Maryland, is chairman.
Commenting on the fact that his
resolution covers the question of fiscal
equity. Senator Clark said:
"That is the only reason for having
the commission appointed. The fact
that the United States owns so much
property here and that it is not proper
to allow a creature of Congress, such
as a territorial governing body, to
levy a tax on Federal property makes
it necessary to determine what would
be a fair payment In lieu of such
The Missourian said he has not had
time to read the details of the recent
fiscal relations report transmitted as
part of next year s budget, but he in
dicated he did not believe it would
prove practicable to try to settle the
question by having each Federal
agency here.reimburse the District for
services rendered. This was one fea
ture of the formula proposed in the
Senator Clark mid he bad been con
sidering the territorial form of gov
ernment for the District for a long
time, and that he decided to Introduce
the resolution following the long dead
lock over the District appropriation
act at the last session.
Meanwhile. Senator Capper of
Kansas, ranking Republican on the
Senate District Committee, Mid today
that Congress should allow the people
of the District to conduct a ref
erendum on the question before con
verting the District into a territory.
Senator Clark's resolution read in
part as follows:
“Resolved by the Senate and 'House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled.
That it is hereby declared to be the
policy of Congress to establish a terri
torial form of civil government in the
District of Columbia, and that after
the enactment of an organic act for
that purpose the District of Columbia
shall be known as the Territory of Co
"Section 2 (A). There is hereby
established a commission, to be known
(See CLARK~Page A~2~>
STORE ROBBER SLAIN
Unidentified Gunman Shot While
Fleeing in New Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS. January 11 (#).—
An unidentified gunman was shot to
death in flight today after robbing the
downtown drug store of Raoul Degruy
Patrolman Vincent Ventura reported
Degruy said he seized a pistol when
the robber departed through the- front
door, stepped through a side window,
met him at the corner and shot him
three times when he ignored an order
Ventura said the man had robbed
Eugere Smith, 38, of $20 at a filling
station a mile away in an earlier
Summary of Today’s Star
Amusements B-16 Puzzles-.B-12
Comics_B-12 Radio _B-13
Editorial_..A-8 Short Story..B-6
Financial ...A-13 Society _B-3
Lost & Found A-3 Sports ...B-10-11
Obituary _A-l* woman’s Pg. B-8
Supreme Court upholds retroactive tax
on silver transactions. Page A-l
iAndia is reported due to head Harvard
Law School. Page A-2
Farm groups deinand Senate vote on
trade agreements. Page A-7
1937 national income estimated at
$67,000,000,000. Page A-7
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
President asks $790,000,000 deficiency
appropriation. Page A-l
U. S. attorney drops charges against
parents of Moore baby. Page A-l
New fiscal inquiry by commission pro
posed by Senator Clark. Page A-l
Six striking seamen picketing Com
merce Department. 'Page A-l
Man drops dead at start of transfusion
to son. Page A-l
Warning issued against theory of work
hour slashing. Page A-2
$10,000,000 private housing project
here announced. Page B-l
Resistance to big military approprla-i
tion being organized. Page B-l
Ten ambulance s’tations for inaugural
are announced. Page B-l
Sisters, aged 8 and 9, killed In truck
accident. Page B-l
Libel suit for $10,000 filed In Ctt
Fanciers’ dispute. Page B-l
Dr. Mann to take XT. 8. animals on
Par But trip, Pag* B-l
/ ^ PUSH IN \
The Right )
Father Asks Action After
Young Wife of Virginian,
R) a RtaS Correspondent ot The Star.
LURAY, Va„ January 11.—The body
of Mrs. Mamie Yager, 26-year-old wife
of John S. Yager, 72, Shenandoah
farmer, will be exhumed this after
noon to determine the cause of her
The exhumation order was issued by
Commonwealth Attorney Lynn Walton
on complaint of the young wife's
father. Ernest Cubbage. Cubbage told
Walton he bad no definite suspicion,
but believes it “strange" that he was
not notified of her death, Friday, nor
of the burial which took place Satur
day morning on the Yager farm about
20 miles south of here, near Shenan
The Yagers had been married for
about 10 years. Mrs. Yager was the
mother of two young children. She
was Yager’s third wife.
Walton said the coroner. Dr. Virgil
Hammer, had not been notified of
Mr*. Yager’s death, as required by
Itw when no physician is in attend
ance. Dr. Hammer had questioned
the undertaker, W. O. Brill of Elk ton,
Va„ who, with his wife and a friend,
prepared the body for burial.
According to Dr. Hammer, Brill
said he found no marks or any evi
dence of external hurts on the body.
Buck Painter, constable, of Stan
ley. said that the body was buried,
not in the family burial plot, but in a
Dr. B. C. Schuler of Shenandoah
told Walton he was the Yager’s fam
ily physician and had attended Mrs.
Yager in October for a skin ailment,
but had not been advised her fatal
illness. In issuing the death certifi
cate he stated the causes were “un
Walton said that the body may be
sent to the University of Virginia
Medical School at Charlottesville tot
an autopsy. He said he would not
decide definitely, however, until after
the body had been exhumed.
BOOK KEPT 40 YEARS
Borrowed Volume Finally Re
turned to Syracuse Library.
SYRACUSE, N. Y„ January 11
04*).—A book borrowed from the Syra
cuse Library May 10, 1897—and 40
years "overdue ”—came back to the
library with a group of gift books.
Attracted by the title. Dr. Paul M.
Paine, librarian, thumbed through its
pages, found an identification mark,
looked at the records and wondered
if he ought to fine somebody for
keeping a book 14,600 days overtime.
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
This and That. Page A-8
Answers to Questions. Page A-8
Washington Observations. Page A-8
The Political Mill. Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-9
Paul Mallon. Page A-9
Constantine Brown. Page A-9
Jay Franklin. Page A-9
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-9
Corporate bonds uneven
(table). Page A-lS
Stocks Irregular (table). Page A-H
D. C. stock sales rise. Page A-14
Curb list mixed (table). Page A-lS
Wilson A Co. net drops. Page A-15
Steel activity eases. Page A-lS
Minor league head sees increased pros
perity this year. Page B-lt
C. U. basketers play Duquesne tonight;
O. W. meets Klon. Page B-lt
District high school quints in full
swing tomorrow. Page B-lt
Nazi boycott here may send Max
Braddock bout to Germany.
Golf rules based on plain sense,
analysis shows. Page B-ll
Fred Ramadell, novice, wins Wiffy
Cox skeet trophy. Page B-ll
City News in Brief. Page A-lt
Bedtime Story. Page B-9
Winning Contract. Page B-9
Young Washington. PageA-ll
Betsy Caswell. Page _ B-8
Dorothy Dix. Page B-8
Nature's Children. .. Page B-g
Says Man Whose
Only $140 Missing of
$991 Lost in Street
By the Associated Frets.
JOLIET, 111., January 11.—Matthew
Plese, who last week lost $991 through
a hole In his trousers pocket, retained
his faith in the innate goodness of
mankind today, though $140 had not
His faith, he affirmed, was just as
strong as it was last week when total
strangers picked up $851 about the
city streets and gave it to him.
"I know that if any one found the
other $140 he would return it to me,”
Plese said. “I guess the wind blew it
into the river, or down a sewer—or
maybe a dog got it. Anyhow, I’m glad
so many good people helped me out."
Police Prepare for Week of
Six striking seamen began picket
ing the Commerce Department today
in protest against labor provisions of
the Copeland act as Metropolitan and
Capitol police prepared for a week of
demonstrations expected to reach a
Police headquarters, meanwhile, was
informed that 200 striking seamen
moved from Philadelphia to Baltimore
• on freight trains yesterday, presum
ably with the intention of coming on
to Washington. Only about 25 dem
onstrators have arrived so far, how
ever, according to the Public Relations
Bureau of the Police Department.
While taking precautionary meas
ures. Washington authorities are con
vinced that labor leaders exaggerate
the number of men supposed to be
organizing in various cities for pro
test marches on Washington. The
seamen will be joined later in the
week, it was said, by W. P. A. em
ployes being organized in New York
City by the Workers’ Alliance. They
will demand a larger relief appropri- j
Establish Picket Beats.
The sailors at the Commerce De
partment established picket beats on
the Fourteenth and Fifteenth street
sides of the building under direction of
Pat Whalen, chairman of the joint
strike committee of the Rank and File
International Seaman's Union of
Baltimore. The pickets carried pla
The seamen claim the Copeland act,
which goes into effect January 20,
obliges sailors to carry continuous
discharge record books which would
enable employers to blacklist men who
have complained of conditions at sea
or participated in moves to better
their wages, hours or living conditions.
There was no demonstration as the
men began marching in pairs. They
said they expect to be joined some
time during the day by about 15
other seaman from Norfolk, Va. The
pickets themselves said they do not
know how long the demonstration is
to continue, but said they thought it
probably would last until Congress
acts on the pending labor legislation.
One of the placards read: “65,000
seamen protest to President Roosevelt
against the anti-labor act, H. R. 8597.”
Another said, “Protest to your Con
gressman and Senator against anti
labor clauses in the Copeland bill.”
A third voiced a protest against the
(See PICKITS, Page A-2.)
Father Drops Dead at Start
Of Transfusion Tests for Son
bt me associated rres*.
PORTSMOUTH, Va., January 11.—
Clarence J, Belch, 34. of Watervlew.
Norfolk County, dropped dead yester
day at a local hospital at the start
of a blood test preparatory to a trans
fusion to his only son, C. J. Belch, Jr„
who lies critically ill from complica
tions from a recent abdominal opera
Dr. Edward T. Glover, city coroner,
today pronounced the death due to
Helen was an executive rate cierx
in the general offices of the Seaboard
Air Line Railway in Norfolk. He was
a native of Norfolk and the son of
William David and Mrs. Lola Wil
Physicians worked over Belch with
artificial respiration for two hours be
fore abandoning hope of reviving him.
Funeral service* will be conducted
here tomorrow afternoon. Interment
will bain Portsmouth.
NEW DEAL WINS
SILVER TAX CASE
Supreme Court Upholds Re
troactive Levy—D. C. Jury
BY JOHN H. CLINE.
The New Deal won another victory
in the Supreme Court today when that
tribunal delivered a decision upholding
the validity of the retroactive tax on
silver transactions in the early part
Under the provisions of this statute,
which had been declared unconstitu
tional in the Court of Claims, the Gov
ernment had collected approximately
*400,000. The Supreme Court's opin
ion, delivered by Associate Justice Van
Devanter, was unanimous. In other
Important actions, the court:
Noted probable jurisdiction in the
appeal by the Highland Farms Dairy
and Luther W. High, local milk dealer,
from a lower court decision upholding
the validity of the Virginia milk con
Ordered the disbarment in the Su
preme Court of Attorney Jesse C.
Duke, who appeared for former Rep
resentative John H. Hoeppel of Cali
fornia. The Representative was
charged, with hi* son. of conspiring to
sell a West Point appointment.
Rehearing Request Denied.
Refused a request for a rehearing
of its recent decision declaring Gov
ernment employes eligible for service
on criminal juries in the District.
Declined to review the conviction lu
New York of Mae Scheible on white
slave charges. She had contended
agents searched her apartment and
seized evidence in violation of her
The justices withheld their opinion
on the constitutionality of the State
of Washington's law prescribing mini
mum wages for women and a Mass
achusetts case brought to determine
whether the 1933 resolution prohibit
ing the payments of obligations in gold
applies to bullion as well as coin. Like
wise, the court did not announce
whether it will reconsider its ruling
upholding the constitutionality of New
York’s unemployment insurance law.
The attack on the silver profits tax
was filed by Percy K. Hudson, a New
York broker, who contended the retro
active feature of the act was uncon
stitutional under the fifth amendment
since it was “unreasonable and arbi
Tax Held “Special.”
Justice Van Devanter said the tax,
which placed a levy of 50 per cent on
profits realized from transactions in
silver prior to the enactment of the
statute, was in the nature of a special
income tax and therefore valid.
“On May 22, 1934, the opinion said,
“the President sent Congress a mes
sage recommending legislation for in
creasing the amount of silver in our
monetary stocks and further recom
mending the imposition of a tax of at
least 50 per cent on profits accruing
from private dealing in silver! The
bill which continued the silver pur
chase act was introduced May 23 In
response to this message. In these cir
cumstanccs we think the period of
(See COURT, Page A-2.)
GUNMEN RAID STADIUM
40 Concession Employes Bobbed of
$3,500 in Chicago.
CHICAGO, January 11 C4’).—Four
gunmen invaded the basement of the
Chicago Stadium In a midnight raid,
cowed 30 man and 10 woman conces
sion employes with shotguns and pis
tols and robbed the Illinois Sports
Service of about $3,500.
The money was receipts from stands
and hawkers operating at the Chi
cago-Toronto hockey game Sunday
night and the Vlnas-Perry tennis
match Saturday night.
President Seeks Employment
for 2,580,000 Persons
During the Winter.
LONGER HOURS WEEK
DECLARED BIG FACTOR
Industry Is Urged to Step Up
Workers on Ratio With
B» the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt asked Congress
today for a deficiency appropriation
of $790,000,000 to provide work dur
ing the Winter months for at least
2,580,000 persons, a net reduction of
over 800,000 since last March.
In so doing, he mentioned as a fact
"worth noting,” that “the .tendency
toward a longer work week has had
an extremely important effect on re
His request was in a letter to Speak
er Bankhead read to the House by a
clerk. The President reiterated the
hope expressed in his budget message
that employers take as many workers
as possible off relief by giving them
Jobs in private Industry.
“Great assistance can be given to
the Government,” the letter said, “if
all private employers In every part
of the country will seek, in so far as
they reasonably can, to obtain addi
tional workers from the relief rolls.
In this connection, It Is worth noting
that by far the larger part of those
on the relief rolls fall into the cate
gory of unskilled workers.”
In noting a “tendency toward a
longer work week” among some em
ployers he asserted:
"Every action of an employer along
these lines obviously tends toward the
stepping up of production'without an
equivalent stepping up of employment.
“It is not unfair to say that these
employers who are working their em
ployes unreasonably long hours art
failing to co-operate with the- Govern
ment and their fellow citizens in put
ting people back to work.”
Although further reductions in relief
rolls were predicted in the Spring and
Summer with seasonal increases in
private employment, the letter pointed
out that as a result of the natural in
crease In population, 400,000 new
workers are seeking work each year.
The President also sent to Congress
an accounting of <6,100,000,000 ap
propriated for recovery and relief
As the two reports reached Con
gress, Senator Pope, heading a com
mittee of Western Congressmen seek
ing a larger appropriation, called a
meeting for tomorrow to plan strat^y
of their campaign.
He said the first move probably
would be a request for a presidential
order relaxing Works Progress Ad
(See DEFICIEN CY~Page A-2 )
Foreign refugees, Flying to Shang
hai, Report Thousands of
By tbe Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, January 11.—The first
foreign refugees from Sianfu. capi
tal of Shensi Province, reported "thou
sands of troops are on the verge of
open mutiny,” as they arrived today
The group, numbering half a dozen
German missionaries and commer
cial representatives, said Shensi prov
incials and Marshal Chang Hsueh
liang’s former Manchurian army had
refused to recognize the authority of
the central government since their
revolt last Decmber 12.
They were reluctant to discuss the
situation because of possible repercus
sions to other foreigners, many of
whom are Americans.
Foreigners and Chinese alike, they
said, were apprehensively awaiting the
outcome of the revolutionary feeling
they said was sweeping the province.
Forces of the Nanking government,
they asserted, were nearby, awaiting
The group of Germans said they
believed preparations were being made
to evacuate British subjects, but said
they thought American representatives
had not yet arrived in the city.
(Reports from Peiping last week
reported American Embassy officials
flying to Sianfu to arrange the evacu
ation of Americans.)
BRIDAL PLANE TO STOP
HERE ON WAY SOUTH
Joseph S. McLennan, Jr., Son of
Nova Scotia Senator, and Wife
By the Associated Press.
BEVERLY, Maas, January 11.—
John 8. McLennan, jr., son of a Syd
ney, Nova Scotia. Senator and pub
lisher, and his bride, the former Sally
White Houghton, took off today on a
pleasure flight to Mexico.
The only occupants of a three-place
cabin plane, the couple planned to
stop at Washington, D. C„ Memphis
and Los Angeles en route.
McLennan is a composer of music.
His bride is the daughter of E. Lau
rence White, New York banker, who
has an estate at Beverly Farms. They
were married in New York shortly
Mrs. McLennan was divorced from
Samuel Houghton of Boston. Prior to
her first marriage she and Houghton
sat in several divorce cases to learn,
they said, why marriage sometimes
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