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THE STAR'S SOUVENHt EDITION OF SECOND ROOSEVELT INAUGURATION
WEATHER. I. The.,,onl,y. evening paper rising temperature tonight, lowest tonight M111 W ESningtOll With th6 about 35 degrees; tomorrow occasional M ■ , , m V m AssnpiatoH Press Mows rain and warmer. Temperatures-High- ■ ■ ■ ■ ■/ A j iiV- rreSS JNewS est, 42, at 5 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 33, at U J ■ ■ W and WirephOtO Services. 10:30 a.m. today. Pull report on page A-12. I 11^ Cloiing New York Markets, Page 20_~__ (Borne returns not ret received.) -- —■ ———————————■———————— ■ ---- , ,__ „ | , --—------Tmm—m_usai_u^_————--i-—————————■——————————————————— 85th YEAR. No. 33,867. S7S5 a WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1937-EIGHTY-TWO PAGES.****M«n. A„oci.t.d PrM,. TWO CENTS. HELP FOR NEEDY IS TERMED DUTY OF GOVERNMENT Executive Reconsecrates Self to “Long-Cherished Ideals in Sud denly Changed Civilization.” TENS OF MILLIONS ARE SEEN DENIED NECESSITIES OF LIFE Continuation of Work for Underprivi leged Is Theme of Inaugural Address at Capitol Plaza. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. President Roosevelt, taking the oath of office as Chief Executive for the second time today, "reconsecrated” himself and the country "to long cherished ideals in a suddenly changed civilization.” The President, speaking to thousands in a storm-drenched Capitol Plaza, pictured a Nation which is emerging from depression, but in which there are “tens of millions of its citizens—a substantial part of its whole population—who at this very moment are denied the greater part of what the very lowest standards of civilization call the necessities of life.” “It is not in despair that I paint you that picture,” said the President. “I paint it for>ou in hope—because the Nation, seeing and understanding the injustice in it, proposes to paint it out.” The test of American progress, the President declared, “Is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.” The underlying theme of Mr. Roosevelt’s address was that government—national, State and municipal—must be so admin istered as to make it possible to have “a Nation uncorrupted by cancers of injustice.” The President dealt only in a gen eral way with the problems which confront the country. He made no specific pledges of legislation; outlined no program. He recalled the condi tions which existed in the United States when he took office on March 4, 1933. At that time, in a period of national anxiety, he said, "We dedi cated ourselves to the fulfillment of a vision—to speed the time when there would be for all the people that secur ity and peace essential to the pursuit of happiness.” Tledged to End Despair. "We of the Republic,” he continued, pledged ourselves to drive from the temple of our ancient faith those who have profaned it; to end by action, tireless and unafraid, the stagnation and despair of that day.” For the first time in the history of the Government a President began his elective term of office in January— under the provisions of the Twentieth Amendment to the Constitution. By that amendment President Roosevelt's first term in the White House was shortened by almost two months; The President’s pledge today was to continue to work for the people, especially those millions who have been called the underprivileged. He declared that during the last four years & “new chapter in our book of self-government” has been written. This year, Mr. Roosevelt said, marks the 150th anniversary of Constitu tional Convention "which made us a Nation.” At that convention, he pointed out, a strong Government was set up with powers sufficient to "solve problems utterly beyond in dividual or local solution.” The Presi dent made it clear he proposes to use those powers to advance the interests of the whole people. Invoke Same Powers. "Today,” he said, “we invoke those same powers of government to achieve the same objectives”—general wel fare and the blessings of liberty. "Pour years of new experience have not belied our historic instinct,” the President continued. "They hold out the clear hope that government with in communities, government within the separate States, and government of the United States can do the things the times require without yielding Its democracy. Our tasks in the last four years did not force democracy to take a holiday." The President visioned a moral awakening during the period of stress through which the country has just passed. “The greatest change we have wit nessed,” he said, “has been the change In the moral climate of America." This awakening, this change “in our moral climate, and a rediscovered ability to improve the economic order,” (See OATH, Page A-2.) Guide for Readers Page. Amusements B-ZO Comics !_B-16 Editorial A-10 Financial_A-19 lost & Found A-3 Obituary ...A-1Z Page. Puzzles __B-IS Radio -B-15 Short 8tory.B-17 Society_B-J Sports_B-13-15 Woman’s Pg. B-» (Complete Index on Page A-2.J I :• ...— Text of Speech Roosevelt’s Second In augural Address After Taking Oath. HE text of President Roosevelt's second inaugural address, as delivered today immediately after taking the oath of of fice, follows: My Fellow-Countrymen: When four years ago we met to inaugurate a President, the Repub lic itself, single-minded in anxiety, stood in spirit here. We dedicated ourselves to the fulfillment of a vision—to speed the time when there would be for all the people that security and peace essential to the pursuit of happiness. We of the Republic pledged ourselves to -drive from the temple of our an cient faith those who had pro faned it; to end by action, tireless and unafraid, the stagnation and despair of that day. we uia tnose iitsl Hungs nrsi. Our covenant with ourselves did not stop there. Instinctively we recognized a deeper need—the need to find through government the in strument of our united purpose to solve for the individual the ever rising problems of a complex civili zation. Repeated attempts at their solution without the aid of govern ment had left us baffled and be wUdered. For, without that aid, we had been unable to create those moral controls over the services of science which are necessary to make science a useful servant instead of a ruthless master of mankind. To do this we knew that we must flind practical controls over blind eco nomic forces and blindly selfish men. We of the Republic sensed the truth that democratic government has Innate capacity to protect its people against disaster# once con sidered inevitable—to solve prob lems once considered unsolvable. We would not admit that we could not find a way to master economic (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) KILLED IN FALL Plunges Prom Tenth Floor Trying to See Parade. Slipping from a wet balustrade atop the 10-story Capitol Oarage, 1320 New York avenue, under which he was clambering in an effort to get a better view of the inaugural parade, Robert C. Seeds, 20, of Poxcroft, Va., tell to his death this afternoon. Seeds struck the corner of a skylight above the first story and was killed instantly. He was employed part time by the Western Electric Co. and part-time by the garage as a ear Parker. Coal Strike Near fend. BRUSSELS, January 20 OP).— Spokesmen for mine owners and workers agreed last night to terms which were expected to end a strike of 15,000 coal miners today. President and Mrs. Roosevelt, dripping wet from their drive down Pennsylvania avenue from the Capitol in an open car, as they arrived at the White House. Many times during the trip the Ptesident doffed his hat to the scattered but cheering crowds along the route. —Star Staff Photo. President Roosevelt takes his oath for a second term. Left to right: Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes, Charles E. Cropley, clerk of the Supreme Court; the President and his son James. —A. P. Photo. President and Chief Justice Hughes Stand Bareheaded During Oath. Undaunted by the cold, driving rain, thousands of water-soaked men and women massed at the east front of the Capitol burst into cheers at 12:29 p.m. today as Franklin D. Roosevelt was sworn in for his second term as Presi dent of the United States. Both the President and Chief Justice Hughes, who administered the oath, stood bare-headed, the latter having removed a skull cap he had been wearing to protect his head from the rain. President Roosevelt repeated the words of his oath of office after the Chief Justice and then launched im mediately into delivery of his in augural address. His words fell, how ever, on a rapidly thinning and only half-listening crowd. The Senate started for the inaugural platform promptly at 11:48 a.m., after a brief three-minute session, during which it transacted no business ex cept to recess until noon Friday. Some wore formal morning attire, but heavy overcoats and slickers were far in the majority. Senator Lee, Democrat, of Oklahoma, wore a seaman’s hat Diplomatic Corps Present. Secretary Hull and Col. Edwin Hal sey, Senate secretary, led the Senate procession to the platform. The Diplomatic Corps, resplendent in braid, then filed through the Senate chamber and on outside. When the Supreme Court justices arrived they went at once to their old chambers in the Senate wing to don their robes. Some of the elderly justices draped overcoats over their heads for protection. The Cabtset made its appearance on the platform 15 minutes late and House members quickly filed in. Mrs. Roosevelt, carrying a bouquet of violets, walked quickly through the press section and joined the Presl (See INDUCTION, Page A-5.) % Thousands Jam Union Station, Kept From Parade hy Rain Taxicabs and Street Cars Unable to Accommodate Last-Minute Rush to Line of March. Thousands of inaugural visitors, un willing to venture out in a cold rain, jammed Union Station this afternoon while the parade was in progress. The spectators had arrived by ex cursion trains during the morning, but remained in the station hoping the rain would let up. The cold, driving rain kept the sight seers indoors until they made a last minute rush for taxicabs and street cars. The concerted demand could not be met by either the hackers or the street car and bus operators. The result was that from 6,000 to 8,000 visitors failed to see the in augural parade. There followed a rush on ticket offices by out-of-town spec tators anxious to take the first train home. A 30-piece band took up a stand in the concourse shortly before noon and en tertained the visitors with “Happy Days Are Here Again” and some snappy march tunes. The brasses echoed lustily under the high roof of the great concourse. lllC rea"lA>»teu iuuoiubuo, iucuuiuo of the Miners’ Roosevelt Club of Wind ber, Pa., learned they could not march in the parade and decided to make an informal contribution to the in augural. Taxicabs were at a premium since daylight, and extra starters worked frantically to supply the demand and keep the lines of cabs moving. The peak of the rush hour came at 6 a.m., when special trains arrived with po lice contingents from Philadelphia and New York. Many of these out-of-town officers were helping to handle the erowd at Union Station. Soma amusing en counters resulted between the Phila delphia and New York policemen and visitors who questioned them about Washington. “How can X get to the best spot to see the parade," a, iar^g and Wry! flustered woman demanded of a Philadelphia policeman. “You see, ofllcer,” she continued, “I’m from Philadelphia and I don’t know much about the Capital.” “Lady, you haven't got a thing on me,” responded the fellow Philadel phian. "I’m a stranger here myself." Extra information clerks answered thousands of questions as the visitors surged around the booth near the cen ter of the station. Temporary lunch rooms, baggage depositories and addi tional flsst-aid facilities were sup plied. The incoming throngs of inaugural spectators represented a cross-section of American life. There were coal miners, colored domestic servants, service officers, West Point cadets, finishing school girls, debutantes and dowagers in mink coats. At one time many of the visitors had to carry their own luggage, while the red cap porters collected around the brass band. ACCIDENT COSTS LEG OF INAUGURAL GUEST Philadelphian Step* Prom Train in Path of Another at Yards in Southwest. Harry Fischer, 35, Philadelphia poli tician, was critically injured today as he disembarked from the Kelly Spe cial bringing inaugural guests from the Pennsylvania city, at the Penn sylvania yards at Ninth and D streets southwest and was hit tv a train on an adjoining track. At Emergency Hospital physicians found it necessary to amputate his left leg. Heualao was treated for a skull fraction! and lacerated forehead. FisAer is the leader of a ward in Philadelphia. ft PERIlS£fLOOD 550 Families Flee Homes in Missouri Section—Vast Area Covered. t>» the Associated Press. Rain-swollen streams battered levees with unabated fury in the Middle West today, sweeping over lowlands and forcing hundreds of families from flood-engulfed homes. Anxiety for the safety of thousands of other persons was heightened by forecasts of additional rains in por tions of Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Illi nois and Arkansas. Red Cross officials said at least 550 families evacuated homes in the vicin ity of Kennett and Senath, Mo., where the raging St. Francis River pounded through at least nine levee breaks. Weary emergency workers demobilized after a losing fight to restrain the stream. Farm Land Inundated. Thousands of acres of farm lands were inundated along the Missouri Arkansas line. Monette and Black Oak, Ark., and the rich farming area of Northeastern Arkansas faced flood waters. Farmers and sharecroppers joined in the task of holding the St. Francis within its banks in lower Dunklin County, Mo. The White River, climbing steadily an inch an hour, tore through two levee breaks and flooded thousands of acres of farm land in the vicinity of Hazelton, in Southern Indiana. Farmers had been expecting the break. (See FLOOD, Page A-4.) Ford £n Boute to Georgia. NEW YORK, January 30 VP)-— Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford passed through New York today to their spe cial car. attached to a regular train, an route to their Winter home at Savannah, Oa. 4 V CROWDS BRAVE DOWNPOUR TO LINE AVENUE Smart-Stepping West Point Ca dets and Midshipmen March in Curtailed Procession. CHIEF EXECUTIVE SETS EXAMPLE FOR THOUSANDS OF ADMIRERS Rejects Eleventh-Hour Plea to Take Oath in Capitol—Storm Causes Can cellation of Ten Special Trains. Two full pages of pictures on Pages A-6 and A-7. BY REX COLLIER. A "grand march" by trim military units, State delegations and a few non-military groups of citizens began down historic, rain soaked Pennsylvania avenue early this afternoon, in celebration of the reinduction of Franklin Delano Roosevelt as President of the United States. Joining with their Chief Executive in defying the discouraging weather, crowds banked themselves on stands and sidewalks as smart-stepping West Pointers, midshipmen from Annapolis, Coast Guard cadets and other well-drilled units marched in salute to the commander in chief. Bares Head to Downpour. "If those people can take it, I can, too,” the President had re marked earlier when Inaugural Committee members had urged him to be sworn in within the shelter of the Capitol. Forthwith he bared his head to the dripping skies while Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes administered the solemn oath. Not to be outdone by the troops who had to march in the steady downpour, the President rode back to the White House in an open car, the top of which was down. His head was bare as he waved his top hat to the cheering throngs. Then after he returned to the White House he ordered work men to remove the glass inclosure from his booth in the reviewing stand in the Court of Honor. Even as the parade was started south of the Capitol, the work men labored feverishly to discard the glass “windshield” so care fully erected in advance. With the glass out of the way, a short brass rail was installed so Mr. Roosevelt could stand directly at the front of the booth rain or no rain. The President is reported to have reiterated that he could “take it” as well as the crowd could. It was in the same spirit—characteristic of the New Deal— that marchers and spectators ignored the unkind elements as the comparatively short, but colorful, inaugural procession wended its way down Capitol Hill and along the “parade ground of Presi dents” to the decorated Court of Honor in front of the White House. - Trains Canceled As Railroads Lose Business in Rain Harried railroad officials today sur veyed the wreckage of plans for a rec ord-breaking inaugural business as the cold and driving rain resulted in the cancellation of orders for at least a dozen special trains and numerous spe cial sections of regular trains. Unable to estimate their total can cellations, Pennsylvania Railroad offi cials said they had been heavy, and were still coming in. The Baltimore As Ohio, which had made preparations for transporting some 10,000 passengers from Balti more, announced only about 3,000 are now expected. "Cancellations have been many from nearby points,” one B. As O. official said, "particularly along the Atlantic Seaboard. Take Baltimore for exam ple. We had expected to use about 40 special trains for that service. Now it looks as though we won’t run more than eight or ten.” The same official said there had been virtually no cancellations from distant points, those inaugural visitors having started their journey before the bad weather set in. At 10:30 a.m. Union Station offi cials reported cancellation of three special trains from Bob ton, three from New York, two from South New Jer sey and one each from Williamsport, Pa., and Philadelphia. One special section from Pittsburgh and two from New York also were called off. The Chesapeake As Ohio is running four specials and reported one can cellation. The Southern line and the R„ P. At P. reported none, however. Bus lines reported no cancellations. SWANSON HAS CHILL Secretary of Navy Assisted From Inaugural Platform. Secretary Swanson was assisted from the inaugural platform immedi ately after the President’s address to day because of a sudden weakness. He retired to his home, where it was said be had suffered a chill, due to the cold, wet weather, but had re covered quickly. The Secretary has been in bad health for some time. 4 > Just before the swearing in of the President, Vice President Gamer had taken the oath from the Senate ma jority leader, Senator Robinson of Ar kansas. After the President finished his ad dress, the parade of State Governors, military units and selected groupi from the Civilian Conservation Corpi started down Capitol Hill and on to the White House. Special Trains Canceled. The discouraging weather outlook caused last-minute cancellation of 10 special trains and several section! which had been reserved by group: In various cities. Braver citizen: poured into the city this morning In scores of other special trains. A city of Pullman cars sprang up on scat tered railroad tracks fringing the city Repeating his procedure of foul years ago, the President attended a special brief service at 10 a.m. in his toric St. John's Episcopal Church, across Lafayette Square from the White House. In the presidential party at the church service were Mrs, (See INAUGURAL, Page A-3.) U. S. Lacks President Nearly Half Hour As Oath Is Delayed Technically, the United States was without a President and Vice President for 29 minutes today. The lapse in the administra tion was due to delay of Presi dent Roosevelt renewing his oath of office at noon, as provided for by the twentieth amendment to the Constitution. The amendment states specifi cally that the terms of the Pres ident and Vice President shall end at noon on 20th day of January, but Mr. Roosevelt, be cause of the delay in the in augural ceremonies, did not re new his oath of office until 12:29 p.m.