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Operation of New Fleet Pro
posed by Roosevelt Held Question of Moment. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, June 11.—New York (hipping men .today saw in President Roosevelt's proposal for a new Ameri can merchant marine the expression of what they considered a vital need In the country's trade relationships. The concensus was, however, that the matter of operation after the new fleet I Is built is just as important as the construction itself. Builders and operators agreed the direct subsidy to be granted, now that the indirect mail subsidy has been abandoned, must be sufficient to make up the differential between the high cost of operations under our flag and the lower operating cost of foreign Ihipplng. Figures Show Need of Fleet. Vivid figures were presented to show the necessity from a trade and national defense point, of view of creation of a brand-new United States fleet. Here are some of them: 1. American bottoms carry only 7 per cent of world tonnage in interna tional trade, although our share of ; that trade is 14 per cent. 2. Less than 35 per cent of our own foreign commerce is confided to our own ships. Japanese vessels haul 76 per cent, of Nippon’s waterborne freight, while 61 per cent of British business goes to British bottoms. 3. The United States is second in World tonnage, fifth in speed of ships • nd eighth in ranking of modern ships In operation. 4. This country has only 488 ves sels. of approximately 3.200.000 tons. In the international trade, compared With 2.318, aggregating 14.119.000 ♦ons for Great Britain. 608 of 3,100, 000 tons for Japan and 475 of 2,832,- 1 000 for Germany. Operating Costs High. Shipping men asserted American tnerchant vessels would be carrying a far larger share of world shipping were it not for high operating costs. In the first place, they said, the higher wages paid seagoing personnel and the requirement that sailors serve only one shift a day at sea, necessitat ing larger crews, makes it difficult to rompete with Japan, Britain and the Scandinavian countries, all of which have a large share of our commerce. The costs of shore staffs are larger, they asserted, and United States navi gation laws have placed other burdens of expense on American vessels that are not borne by foreign ships. Inasmuch as labor costs in the pro duction of materials and fabrication represent about 80 per cent of the total cost of a ship, the higher wage •cales paid here make shipbuilding in this country considerably more expen give than abroad. The differential in east between British and American J'ards sometimes runs as high as 50 per rent, one builder said. This reflects itself in higher insur- : ance rates, charges for interest and de preciation and other items affecting the cost of operation. The National Council of American Shipbuilders esti- ' mated that from 60 to 80 per cent of the total operating differential was due to the higher cost of the ship itself. j The President's proposal, presented ; In a special message to Congress, en visages a five-year cargo ship pro gram to cost eventually about *450, 000.000 and involving the construction of 95 modem vessels. The funds would be made available to the Maritime Commission for subsidies to cover the j differential between costs of construe- I tion here and abroad. NAZI PAPER IRONIC AT POPE’S COMMENT I Bays “Iron Broom'’ of Reich Prob ably More Effective Than Papal Tears. Ft th* Associated Press. BERLIN, June 11.—Pope Pius’ talk to German pilgrims lamenting the conditions for Catholicism in Germany drew ironic comment yesterday from Chancellor Adolf Hitler's mouthpiece Voelkischer Beobachter. The newspaper said: It hardly is likely papal tears will move evildoers clad in the habit of religious orders. An iron broom Is a better method. (This apparently referred to trials of Catholics on charges of immorality.) “If the Pope wept at the pilgrims’ tales of woe we may comfort him with the assurance that in Germany every Catholic may follow religious rites unhindered and churches are free to preach doctrines, but if cer tain Catholics or churches presume to exercise functions which are state prerogatives they must expect rebuke. “Such rebuke, however, does not constitute a menace to Catholicism, but only to those incorrigible Centrist agitators and offenders against morals who do not deserve the holv father's tears." 'The pontiff, speaking Wednesday to Bavarian pilgrims, said conditions In Germany were “so grave, menacing and dolorous" for Catholicism "that they induce one to weep.”) ' -——• --- QUEZON IN BALTIMORE President Manuel L. Quezon of the Philippines, on an official visit to the United States in connection with forthcoming independence of the is land commonwealth, was In Balti more today for a throat examination by Johns Hopkins Hospital specialists. The ailment, for which Quezon had been treated in New York before re turning to Washington Monday, was not believed by his associates to be serious enough to require confinement to the hospital, _ADVERTISEMENT^ Avoid Intestinal Fatigue Many people suffering from Intestinal Fatigue, commonly called Constipation, do not know what it is to fsel good. One or two E-Z Tablets for a day or two are just what these people need. They have more “pep” and step livelier than in years. Dizziness, tired feeling, headaches, when due to constipation, disappear. Surely makes a difference. See for yourself. You get 60 little E-Z Tablets for 25c. At all good drug stores. Cool. Flattering—Fashion Wisc^ Another of those ‘'talk-of-the-town" dress sales for which Sears has become famous. Sheer Bembergs, Acetates. Crinkly Seersuckers, Polka Dots. Floral Prints, etc. Stunning styles to see you through a busy day. Sizes 14 to 20 and 38 to 44. Ready-to-Wear—Second Floor Pick a Hat Wardrobe From These x lt: LOVELY Cartwheels, mushrooms, pokes, swaggers, everything prescribed by fashion for a smart summer! Felts, crepes, sisols, novelty straws, in white and every pop ular color. All headsizes. Millinery—Second Floor SUMMER SANDALS Direct from fashion’s center comes these perfectly adorable sandals. The price is so amazingly low that you can afford to have a pair to match every ensemble. Bright, colorful, glamorous, open-toe •Jf ties, in white, brown, green and red, multi-colored straps with open toe, white open-toe straps. With and without cut out heels. Sizes 4 to 8. Shoes—Main Floor Caal9 11 askable SUMMER SUITS 2-picce models, in cot ton window checks, fk ** black and white nubs W ^p Jp-Tfc and medium gray cot ton crash. Regular sizes 35 to 44, shorts 36 to 40, ^F^^F longs 37 to 42, stouts 33 to 46. Mm's Clothing—Main Floor. Tropical, Crash, Flannel Suits Double and single breasted models, some with sport back. All-wool fabrics in wanted summer shades. Regulars, shorts and longs. Men's Clothing—Main Floor V* SALE PRICE on Sears FITTED BAGS Formerly $6.98 to $15.98 « A timely sale if ever there was! Some leather, others of sturdy fabric. Brown and black. Complete with lid and tray fittings. Nicely lined. Non-rust hard ware and extra strong handles. Sportinir Goods—Basement Be Beautiful, Glamorous, Lovely in a “B. V. Swim Suit 3*3 <» 6*3 B. V. D. rides the crest of beach fash ions—easily America’s most beautiful and talked of swim suit. Styles that were created for some of Hollywood’s favorites. Maillot, Bra-Just new Princess front and others equally flat tering. Every popular color and com bination. Sizes 34 to 40. Bathing Shop—Main Floor -. . n3r . • + 4 (D m. T. B. COKPOHATION i '