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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 04, 1937, Image 1

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(V. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.) _ .. t
> Fair in morning and local thundershow- T Ull Associated Pr6SS
era this afternoon; tomorrow, local thun- • vrA„v, , ,
dershowers; slightly warmer today; gentle . iacWh ana WirGpllOtOS
southerly winds today. Temperatures SundaV Morninir nnrl
yesterday—Highest, 84, at 2 p.m ; lowest. ounu*y IVlUimng ana
85, at 4:30 a.m. Full report on page A-7. Every AftemOOn.
_OP) Mean, Associated Prass._ WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION -i____
No. 1,685—No. 34,032. WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING. JULY 4. 1937-ETGHTV-TWO P4avs I FIVE CENTS TF.V pfvts
^ ... " ' ~~ ~ ' __ "" 1 ' " " '' ' .. ■ ■ 7 _ ^ ’ TV WiftMTWmVUT A MTV OTtn.mnn _t k'
Awaits Orders
for Trip of
4,400 Miles.
Itasca Carries oil
Hunt Alone as
Hop es Fade.
B? the Associated Press.
HONOLULU, July 3 —The Navy to
night made the powerful aircraft car
rier Lexington and 54 fighting planet
ready to reinforce the faltering hun1
for Amelia Earhart, lost nearly 36
hours in the shark-infested mid-Pa
fific with her navigator, Fred J,
Noonan, in her $80,000 plane.
In the face of discouraging prospects
for quick rescue of the famous globe
circling aviatrix, the Lexington was
ordered to fuel to capacity and stand
by at San Diego in preparation for a
possible cruise to the Howland Island
area. Officials said orders had nol
been issued yet for the actual de
parture time.
Naval officials did not estimate how
long the Lexington would require to
reach Howland, 4.400 miles away, if it
‘ Here ordered to make the trip.
During a day of slowly ebbing hope,
a long-range Navy plane left Honolulu
on a 1,500-mile dash to the place in
inid-Pacific w here Amelia was believed
forced down Friday by lack of gasoline.
But it got caught in a snow, sleet and
lightning storm high above the ocean
as it approached the equatorial region
and was forced to turn back.
Itasca Hunts Alone.
The Coast Guard cutter Itasca car
ried on the search alone in the How
land region, where Miss Earhart and
Noonan presumably came down, a
few miles short of their goal.
By midafternoon the Itasca reported
Jt. had scanned 3.000 square miles of
ocean without having sighted the
plane and with no w’ord whatever
from the missing flyers.
Recurring reports of S O S calls
being heard from the helpless Earhart
plane buoyed hopes of relatives and
friends but some of the leaders in
the search expressed increasing pessi
mism over the possibilities of success.
Confusion and overlapping reports
fit distress calls made it difficult to
•iff, them to definite information but
authorities were openly skeptical.
One of these turned out to be radio
signals from the Itasca itself.
Although the weather in the
vicinity of Howland Island was re
ported in no W'ise unusual, word of
the high altitude storm caused naval
authorities here to dispatch four
surface vessels along the route of
the returning rescue plane to guide
It to a safe landing, which it made
at Pearl Harbor at 7:24 p.m. (12:54
a.m. Sunday, E. S. T.). It had been
in the air 24 hours.
Late tonight naval officials at San
Diego announced that the destroyers
Southard and Chandler would leave
at 5 a m. (8 a m. Eastern Standard
time i tomorrow’ to act as guard ships
for the searching air patrols.
Itasca Combing Area.
The Itasca, which temporarily had
abandoned the hunt and returned to
Howland Island to serve as a base for
larger operations, immediately began
combing the area about Howland
Island where Miss Earhart came down
Naval authorities considered the
plight of their searching plane so pre
carious that they ordered two de
stroyers and two aircraft tenders to
take up stations along its return route.
The battleship Colorado, carrying
three catapult planes, sailed at 1 p.m.
(6:30 p.m. E. S. T.) from Pearl Har
bor for Howland Island to aid the
Itasca, which reported it would be
out of fuel by Monday morning.
It thus appeared the search might
lag from Monday morning until Tues
day night or Wednesday when the
Colorado is scheduled to reach the
scene. The Colorado carried oil for
the Itasca.
May Send Another Plane.
Pending return of the naval plane,
officers considered sending out an
other of its kind, but had reached
' no decision.
Meanwhile, the Itasca reported no
further radio signals had been heard.
Temporary discontinuance of the
Itasca’s efforts would leave only the
relatively slow Navy tug Swan avail
able in the Howland area. The Swan
was heading toward Howland Island,
after having stood by at the halfway
point between the islet and Honolulu.
Some search authorities reported
receiving word that the British radio
(See EARHART, Page A-5.)—
Chief Executive Keeps in Close
Touch With Navy Depart
ment by Telephone.
By the Associated Press.
HYDE PARK. N. Y„ July 3—Presi
dent Roosevelt kept in close touch
with the Navy Department today,
seeking information on the fate of
Amelia Earhart, world-girdling avia
trix forced down in the South Pacific.
White House officials said he talked
with the naval operations office many
times by telephone.
They added that all information re
garding naval assistance in the search
would be given out 'in Washington.
There was little indication here, how
ever, that a large naval force would
be sent out, because of the great dis
V ... -— ■ ■ .— — .
Amelia Earhart Planned Hop
As Last Aerial Adventure
Was to Have Been Final Fling in Spec
tacular 6Stunt’ Flying, She Confided
to Friends Before Departure.
! Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK. July 3 — Amelia Ear
hart's equatorial flight around the
world, now terminated dramatically, if
nor, tragically, in mid-Pacific, was to
have been her last great aerial ad
venture—a final fling in the field of
spectacular flying before she settled
down "for keeps" to the more or less
prosaic existence of participation in
routine phases of aviation. She con
fided this to one or two friends, in
cluding the writer, just before she
| left Oakland, Calif., for Honolulu last
March on her first attempt to girdle
I the globe by air.
"I have a feeling that there is just
about one more good flight left in
my system.” she said, "and I hope
i this trip around the world is it. Any
way. when I have finished this job, I
: mean to give up long distance stunt'
Miss Earhart hastened to add that
this was by no means an announce
ment of her intended retirement from
flying to rest on her laurels as the
outstanding air woman of the world.
On the contrary, she said that she
meant to continue flying in connec
tion with her lecture tour and other
work and that one of the first things
on her program she wanted to do
after completing her world flight was
to carry out an extensive flight re
search program at Purdue University,
Lafayette. Ind.—the original purpose
for which her Wasp-motored Lockheed
Electra Flying Laboratory was pur
chased and equipped.
"But the fact that you are through
with long-distance air exploits when
this flight is over is a darned good
new's story." Miss Eachart was re
minded. "Why can't that be written
as soon as you are safely on your way
across the Pacific? All you'll have
<8ee FLIGHT, Page A-5.)~
Four Plants in Cleveland to
Resume—Dynamite Is
Hurled at Train.
After United States Steel signed
contracts with Committee for Indus
trial Organization drive to union*
ite industry began in earnest. Four
independents. Youngstown Sheet <6
Tube. Inland. Republic and Beth
lehem. refused to sign and strike
was called against them on May
2t. More than 100.000 have been
out of work at peak of strike, but
many of number have returned as
plants forced reopenings in certain
By the Associated Press.
JOHNSTOWN, Pi.-. July 3—Gov
! Martin L. Davey of Ohio announced
1 tonight that National Guard troopt
would be ordered to Cleveland foi
the scheduled reopening Tuesday ol
four Republic Steel Corp. plants, while
, strike leaders in the seven-State steel
strike area called four mass meetingt
for a "show of strength" tomorrow.
State police threw a heavy guard
around Bethlehem Steel Corp.'s Cam
bria works tonight after the arrest ol
a former steel worker for allegedly
hurling dynamite at a freight train
leaving the plant.
i Cleveland s Mayor Harold H. Burton
and Sheriff Martin L. O'Donnell ap
pealed to Gov. Davey for State troopt
i 11rvtn Ppnuhlip'c Qnnrtnncpmpnf nf rm.
opening Tuesday morning.
“Violence and disorder are certain
unless proper steps are taken to pre
vent it,” their request said.
The United Labor Congress, an or
ganization of C. I. O. union locals,
demanded late today that Mayor Bur
ton refrain from “lending police or
requesting troops to break the strike.”
Failed te Explode.
“The so-called back-to-work move
ment is an attempt by company
agents, outsiders and gangsters to
break the strike.” the congress said,
asserting it represented 60.000 workers.
Republic's four Cleveland plants
have been closed since the start of
the strike against Republic, Youngs
town Sheet dr Tube Co. and Inland
Steel Corp. over a month ago. The
strike spread to Bethlehem later.
State Police Capt. William A. Clark
j said that Ernest Layton, 21, arrested
I at Johnstown, told him he threw
three lighted sticks of dynamite at a
(See STEEL, PageA-V)~
Convicted by Naela of Inciting
to Public Disorder.
KOENIGSBERG, Germany, July 3
(4>).—Four priests were sentenced to
night to prison terms of from one to
three years following conviction on
charges of incitement to public dis
order and violence against the police.
Six members of the Catholic Youth
Organization, convicted on similar
charges, drew sentences of from six
to nine months. One other wai
Unsuited to U. S., Secretary
Says in “Clarifying”
In the sit-down strike, labor de
veloped a highly effective weapon
in modern industrial strife, since
a comparatively few workers, em
ploying this technique, could force
the closing of an entire plant.
Its patent illegality, however,
threatened to turn public opinion
against the labor movement, and
there have been few “sit-downs"
since the automobile strike.
Sr the Associated Press.
Secretary of Labor Perkins said yes
terday that sit-down atrikee were
“unauited" to America, and predicted
that labor unions would quit using
! Replying to a request from Repre
sentative Dltter, Republican, of Penn
! sylvania for a ‘'clarification” of her
attitude toward sit-downs in view
i of her assertion during the General
Motors strike that the legality of sit- i
I downs had not been determined. Miss
Perkins said:
; “It Is not and never has been an
■ official position of the Department of
j Labor or of the Secretary that sit
; down strikes are either lawful, desir
i able or appropriate.
“In fact, the officers of the de
t/ai uncut «uu Luc ocurcuiry nave i
urged union leaders and members not |
to use the method and to bend every j
effort to take the men out of a plant I
where used. In many cases they j
have done so.
“Prom many aspects tire method ;
appears to be one which should be
abandoned. Mot only has the United
States Circuit Court of Appeals, third
judicial circuit, declared it unlawful.
It is also full of hazards to the pro
gressive, democratic development of
trade unionism and to the orderly
process of collective bargaining and
co-operation with employers on the
basis of a recognized status.
Abuses Are Feared.
“There are many possibilities of its
abuse and the hazard of lack of dis
cipline is serious. Although the
method has been used for hundreds
and perhaps thousands of year by
disadvantaged people with a griev
ance, it is unsuited to the tempera
ments and conditions of our modem
life in this country.
_^ believe^ that it will be abandoned
(See SIT-DOWN, Page A-4j ~
Carried Down Wasatch Mount
ains—Plane Wrecked In Dec.
first body recovered from the Los
Angeles-Salt Lake City transport plane
that crashed last December was
brought laboriously down the Wasatch
Mountains today.
It has been identified tentatively
as that of Mrs. John P. Wolfe of Chi
cago, one of the seven persons aboard.
Amelia’s Husband Comforts
Wife of Navigator Amid Gloom
By the Associated Press.
OAKLAND, Calif., July 3—Two
left-behind mates of the round-the
world flyers lost in the vast Pacific
passed part of the long afternoon try
ing to bolster one another's sinking
hopes as the hours brought no certain
word from Amelia Earhart or her
navigator, Frederick J. Noonan.
George Palmer Putnam hurried up
the steps of Mrs. Beatrice Noonan’s
home Just as she was starting to the
airport to look for him. He patted
her on the shoulder and told her
again and again. "Everything is
going to be all right.”
“I have a hunch they are sitting
somewhere on a coral island and send
ing out their signals," said Putnam.
“Fred’s probably out sitting on a
rock now catching their dinner with
those fishing lines they had aboard.
I There’ll be driftwood to make a lire.
Maybe they could rig up a gasoline
stove, if there is any gasoline left."
Putnam's theory was that Miss Ear
hart probably ''pancaked” the flying
laboratory down near some bit of
island and rigged up the plane’s
aerial to send the SOS messages
amateurs reported hearing today.
Putnam reminded Mrs. Noonan the
flyers had ‘‘plenty of fflod and water—
tomato Juice and concentrated food
tablets—to keep them alive for weeks.”
He said the plane “could float for
weeks’* if it struck the water un
Once the tall Putnam stopped hie
pacing and said flatly:
“It’s this way, Bee. One of two
things have happened. Either they
were killed outright—and that must
come to all of us sooner or later—
or they are alive and will be picked
up." -
Leaders Tell Nations Arms
Program Is Planned to
Preserve Rights.
Chamberlain Declares $7,500,000,
000 Will Be Spent to Make
Position Secure.
Britain and France favor restor
ation of powers' naval patrol
around Spain. Italy and Germany
would end cordon and accord both
Spanish parties full belligerents’
rights. Both factions hope for
European support.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, July 3.—British leaders
reminded a tense Europe today that
Britain is rearming to compel respect
for her rights and interests, and that
violation of the territorial integrity of
Spain or free access to the Mediter
ranean, included in those interests,
would not be tolerated.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
spoke to garden party audiences of
their constituents, but their hearers
believed they were addressing also the
leaders of Italy and Germany.
Chamberlain, at Birmingham, de
clared one of his chief aims is to
make Britain so strong "that nobody
dare treat her with anything but re
For that reason he would "complete
as rapidly as possible Britain's *7,500 -
000,000 rearmament program. He said
he faced his responsibilities "without
f#Ar nr hpailaMnn ”
Mediterranean Held Artery.
Eden, at Coughton. in Warwick
shire, gave warning that Britain is
determined "to maintain the territorial
integrity of Spain and keep the Med
iterranean open as a main arterial
road.” not merely a British short cut
to the Orient.
Eden declared Britain has the sup
port of both parties In Spain in her
efforts to maintain the integrity of
that country.
Declaring that the civil war was the
outcome "of g prolonged period of
weak government,” he added: "In
those troubled waters foreign elements
of various kinds have had their fair
share of Ashing. • * » Intervention
ha! not been on one side alone, and
has not been limited to the period
after the war.”
British non-intervention. Eden con
tinued, "has been most scrupulously
observed. Both parties in Spain know
lt. The whole world knows it.”
Both speeches were interpreted as
leaving little doubt Britain would
maintain a Arm stand against yes
terday! Italo-Oerman proposals that
the non-intervention patrol around
Spain be dropped and belligerent
rights be granted the warring par
ties in Spain.
Some sources said this determina
tion was due to a conviction that the
granting of belligerent rights would
favor Insurgent Oenerelissimo Franco
and enable countries favoring his
cause to give him increased support
and obtain a stronger foothold In the
Iberian Peninsula.
Seeks U. S. Trade Pact.
The prime minister announced the
British government “is engaged in
conversatioas with the United States ;
which we hope eventually may develop
into a mutually advantageous trade
agreement. Later In Birmingham he
made a plea to governments to "put
aside their mutual fears and sus
He cited the British common
wealth of nations as providing a
striking example of the abandonment
of any idea of the use of force to
settle differences.
He then added a compliment to the
United States, saying:
"I hope citizens of the United
(See NEUTRALITY, Page A-3.1 '
i —— 1 i
Bottles Rained
On Powell After
He Spills Kuhel
Bleacherites Angered
at Yankee's Tactics
in Play at First.
For the third time during the Na
tionals’ current home stand, Griffith
Stadium was turned into a "battle
field” yesterday, when Outfielder Jake
Powell of the New York Yankees was
bombarded with pop bottles by
bleacher fans. None struck him, al
though .a number came close.
In the ninth inning, Powell had
grounded to Buddy Lewis, whose throw
to first base drew Joe Kuhel off the
bag. Powell ran into Kuhel, knock
ing him down. Stunned, Joe dropped
the ball and Powell raced to second,
later scoring the winning run In a
5-to-4 game.
Sure he had deliberately run into
Kuhel, 5,000 fans in the left-field
stands greeted the ex-Nat with a
deafening roar of boo* when he took
his position in the field. When Powell
displayed defiance, they rained pop
bottles, holding up the game about
10 minutes. Umpires finally an
nounced that if any Yankee outfielder
became a target on resumption of play,
the Washington batter automatically
would be called out. The Nats failed
to get a ball out of the infield.
When the game was over, the New
York players gathered around Powell
and escorted him off the field and.
later, out of the park. A crowd of
several hundreds waited for him to
leave the park, but nothing except
mere booing resulted.
__ SPIRIT OF ’37.
Chauffeur of E. M. Crutch
field Hunted in Connection
With Murder.
*>> the A.soriitrd Pre»«.
RICHMOND. Va . July 3 —E Mul
ford Crutchfield. 67-year-old general
agent for Virginia of the Equitable
Life Assurance Society and prominent
Richmond clubman, was shot to death
at his home on fashionable Cary
street road here today within a few
yards of his wife and domestic em
Henrico County authorities immedi
ately launched a search for Joe Deas.
47, Crutchfield A veteran Negro chauf
feur, whom other employes said they i
saw leave after the shooting in the
family stdan.
J. X. P»yne, jr„ Henrico police desk |
sergeant, said Deas was identified as
the occupant of the car, a 1938
Packard, as it moved out the drive
way of the home Reveille, within a few
minute* after Crutchfield's body was
found slumped on the back porch.
Neither the car nor its occupant had
been located late tonight.
Motive a Mystery.
Police were unable to asign a motive
for the flaying.
Assistance of police in neighboring j
citie* and as far north as Washington i
was requested tn the widespread hunt 1
for Deas.
Three physicians who performed an
autopsy late today said five pistol
ubullets, all apparently fired at close
range, were found in the body. All
lodged within a 10-inch area about
the heart and chest.
Capt. E. W. Savory of the Henrico
police, said Lee Austin. Negro yard
boy, told officers he saw the chauffeur
driving away In the automobile short
ly after the shots were fired.
The police said Mrs. Crutchfield,
lying In her bed room, James F. Moss,
a Negro cook, and Austin heard three
shots. Moss and Austin also told
Capt. Savory they heard screams
punctuating the shots, but at the
moment attached no significance to
Wife Ran to Scene.
Mrs. Crutchfield, however, ran to
the rear of the home, one of Rich
mond's show places, and saw her
husband lying face down on the porch.
She ran downstairs and called Austin,
who said Crutchfield was dead when
uc liic puiui,
It was at this time, Austin said,
that he saw the car being driven by
Deas leave the driveway.
The autopsy showed that two of
the bullets lodged in Crutchfield’s
heart, one in the neck, one in the
center of the chest and one below
the heart. All five had entered from
the front.
Crutchfield, prominent in Rich
mond social and business circles, was
a member of the Westmoreland and
Commonwealth Clubs and also of the
Country Club of Virginia.
Surviving in addition to his widow
are two sisters, Mrs. Robert M. Pul
liam and Mrs. Lawrence T. Price, both
of Richmond, and two brothers. Allen
D. Crutchfield of Richmond and Oscar
Crutchfield of Missoula, Mont.
Reveille, scene of the shooting. Is
one of the city’s oldest and best-known
homes. Its gardens have long been
a prominent attraction to visitors dur
ing garden week observances.
Crutchfield was a nephew of the
late Judge John Jeter Orutchfleld. who
presided over Richmond's Police Court
for over 32 years and who became
widely known as “Justice John,” a
humorously severe magistrate.
U. S. Envoy to Ireland Unhurt In
Collision Near Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, July 3 </F).—Col.
John Cudahy, United States Ambas
sador to the Irish Free State narrowly
escaped injury tonight when his auto
mobile collided with a car near here,
rolled into a ditch and broke off a
telephone pole.
A statement issued from his home
said he was unhurt, and the sheriff's
office said Harold Wollert, 27, driver
of the ear, was also uninjured.
— -•-'
Radi* Programs, Pale F-3,
CMgMt Index, Page A-L
The Single-Tax Revived
One Per Cent I^and Levy Would Fall Heaviest on
Those Least Able to Pay With Many
Inequitable Applications.
The article which follows is an attempt to explain some
of the effects of the modified “single tax" theory noir a part
of the District tax bill in the form of a 1 per cent tax on
land values.
THE modified application of the old “single tax’’ theory
which has found its way into the Senate District Com
mittee's version of the District tax bill in the form of a
1 per cent tax on land—which means a rate of $10 a
thousand—would boost the total tax burden on District real
estate by 28 per cent and hike the levy on land alone by about
662-3 per cent.
The current levy on real estate—excluding improvements—
is now $7,200,000. This would be increased by the 1 per cent
land tax $4,800,000, to a new high of $12,000,000.
While the tax-legislating members of Congress have re
peatedly declared their determination to protect real estate
from an increased burden—on the ground that real estate
already bears a disproportionate share of the load—the Senate
proposal means that over half the new taxes would come from
heavier taxation of real estate.
Tax Unequal in Application.
The increased burden would not be spread equitably or
evenly among the owners of real estate.
Some property owners would pay a small increase. Others
would be faced with increases ranging to 75 per cent and more.
Some of those best able to bear the heavier burden wrould be
hit the least; some of those least able to bear the increase
would get the greatest boost. Some property owners would
absorb the increase or easily pass it along to their tenants;
other property owners could not pass it along.
The suggestion has been advanced that the home owner
would come out lightly under the 1 per cent land tax. But
calculations show each land owner, nevertheless, would have
to pay more—how much more depending on circumstances
over which he has no control.
Most home buyers intend to keep their homes, not to sell
them. Some observers declare the additional tax wallop might
easily force thousands of real estate parcels onto the market,
depressing values generally—though not depressing tax assess
ments or tax bills.
The 1 per cent land-tax plan means the realty tax would
be divided into different levies as to land and buildings.
The tax rate on Improvements would remain at $1.50 per
$100 of assessment.
The tax rate on land—whether improved or not—would be
raised from $1.50 to $2.50 per $100 of assessment.
Example of Unequal Effect.
Take the case of two of Washington's largest hotels for
examples of the unequal and highly inequitable effect of the
new tax.
The Mayflower Hotel now has a total assessment of $4,284,
090. The application of this modified single ta^ theory would
raise its total real estate tax bill from $64,261 to $73,952, or by
15 per cent.
The Willard Hotel now has a total assessment of $3,209,340.
The application of the proposed revised tax plan would raise its
total realty bill from $48,140 to $68,233—or by 41 per cent.
How does this happen?
The difference in the application of the land tax lies in the
difference In the type of development.
The ratio of land value to building value in the case of the
Willard approaches two to one. In the case of the Mayflower
the ratio is reversed, with the building value (improvement)
being well over three times that of the land.
The land occupied by the Mayflower is now valued by the
District for assessment purposes at $969,090 and the building at
$3,315,000. The total area of the Mayflower site is computed at
64.606 square feet, and the District values this land at the rate
of $15 a square foot.
The Willqrd is on land valued by the District at $2,009,340
and the building has an assessment value of $1,200,000. The
33,489 square feet in the Willard site are valued at $60 per foot.
Therefore, it is seen that, whereas the Mayflower has nearly
twice as much land area as the Willard and improvements
valued at almost three times those of the_Willard, yet the
(Continued on Page 7, Column 2.)
Snapshot Entries Pour In
For $10,000 National Prizes
I -
HUNDREDS of snapshots have
been entered In The Sunday
Star Snapshot Contest since
the opening announcement,
and judging from the promptness in
filing entries it ia evident that ama
teur photographers in Washington
sre putting forth every effort to bring
a *500 class prise and the *1,000
grand prise of the *10,000 Newspaper
National Snapshot Awards to their
home town to add to The Star’s
The Star will give a (5 first prize
For the best snapshot every week, a
(2 prize for every picture published
each week and *25 each for the final
winners in four classes at the end
>f the contest in September.
The four final winners will be en
tered in the third annual Newspaper
National. Snapshot Awards competi
tion at a national salon in Explorers’
Hall of th* National Geographic So
ciety here in November. They will be
-- ,
judged with pictures entered by other
participating newspapers from coast
to coast.
Winning snapshots for the first
week's contest will be published next
Sunday in the rotogravure section.
The contest will continue each Sun
day thereafter until it closes, on Sep
tember U.
Everybody is eligible to^ompete ex
cept commercial photographers and
employes of The Star. Contest pic
tures must have been made since
May 15, but there are no restrictions
on where pictures for the competition
may be taken.
Contestants may enter as many
snapshots as they wish each week.
Send only prints, not negatives. But
save your negatives, as you will be
asked for them if your snapshot
should be entered In the National
For the final judging, pictures will
(See SNAPSHOTS, Page A-l.)
C. 1.0.
Scans Sweep of Lewis
Movement Into Federal Rolls
With U. F. W. Union.
Right of Affiliation Recognized,
but Forceful Tactics Are Taboo,
Informed Sources Say.
Moving out of the field of in
dustry, the John L. Lewis Commit
tee for Industrial Organization last
month chartered a "white-collar"
union of Government employes—
the United Federal Workers of
America. Plans also have been
announced for lining up State,
county and municipal workers.
President Roosevelt has taken offi
cial cognizance of the ..weep of the
John L. Lewis labor movement- into
Government employment, and is defi
nitely committed to the stand that
no semblance of the militancy that
elsewhere has characterized the op
erations of the Committee for Indus
trial Organization must be permitted
to creep into the Federal service.
The President, it was said in an
informed quarter yesterday, recog
nizes the right of Government em
ployes to join a union if they see
fit, and has no objection to such af
filiation. However, he is represented
as emphasizing particularly that en
thusiasm for a cause is not to lead
to forceful tactics, and, further, as
holding to the policy that the prin
ciple of collective bargaining has its
limitations so far as concerns Fed
eral personnel.
The President's views are under
stood to have been made plain to
his advisers, and the belief is held
that the Labor Department will care
fully watch developments in the wake
of the birth of the United Federal
Workers of America, the new Govern
ment unit of he C. I. O prepared
to offer a word to the wise shauld
it become necessary. However, the
course that this organization is pur
suing at the outset is no different
from that of any group similarly sit
Program to Be Outlined.
The groundwork for organizing the
new C. I. O. affiliate is under way,
and in the next few days Jarob Baker,
former W. P. A. aide, who was chosen
by Lewns to lead the new movement,
plans to outline the U. F W. pro
gram. As tentatively sketched by
Lewis himself when the union was
launched last month, this is supposed
to concern itself with improved sal
aries and working conditions, tenure
of office and the creation of an ap
peals body to which workers can carry
their grievances.
The circumstances which gave im
petus to the formation of the U. F. W.
—namely, suspension and expulsion
of a large group of militant members
of the American Federation of Gov
ernment Employes, principally from
New Deal agencies—presumably was
the factor that drew the attention of
the White House to the new union.
Some of the most active in the
United Federal Workers have been
strong proponents of picketing and
mass protest as weapons for adjust
ing grievances or giving point to de
mands. This innovation in Govern
ment employment relationship has
been in evidence on several occa
sions in the past three years.
In starting the U. F. W.. however,
Lewis let it be known that discipline
in the ranks was expected and he
specified in the announcement of the
formation of the union that strikes
and picketing would have no place in
its make-up.
In taking the attitude that collec
tive bargaining properly may go only
so far in Government service, the
President, observers point out, could
be expected to be opposed to the desig
nation of any union as the bargaining
Mississippi Increase to Be Fought
by Setting Up Temporary
the Associated Press.
JACKSON. Miss.. July 3—With in
fantile paralysis cases increasing dally,
the State Board of Health announced
today it would set up a temporary hos
pital here tor isolation and treatment
of such cases.
Mississippi had 135 reported cases
of infantile paralysis today, located
chiefly in the south and central sec
tions. Twelve persons have died with
in the past few weeks of the disease.
Aviator to Spend Week End With
Friend in Brittany.
DINAN, Brittany. France. July 3
(VP).—Col. Charles A. Lindbergh was
understood today to be spending the
week end at the home of a friend near
He landed at Belair Airdrome here
at 7 p.m. yesterday after a brief flight
alone from England, placed his air
plane in a hangar and drove off in an
automobile. At the airport it was un
derstood he would return to England
No 5 :30 Edition
• Tomorrow
Due to the holiday the 5 }0
and Night Final editions of The
Star will not be published Mon
day, July 5. Subscribers to
these editions will receive the
home edition,

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