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TWO FORD CASES
ARE CALLED TODAY Labor Board Hearing and Assault Charges Are Scheduled. ■r the Associated Press. DETROIT, July 15.—The Ford Mo tor Co. figured in two legal proceed ings today—one a continuation of a National Labor Relations Board hear ing and the other a court examina tion of nine men on assault charges. The nine were called to appear be fore Common Pleas Judge Ralph W. Liddy, who issued assault warrants naming them and others after a grand jury investigation of the beat ing of more than a dozen union mem bers outside the Ford plant in Dear born May 26. ■ In the N. L. R. B. hearing a parade of witnesses offered testimony con cerning their dismissal by the com pany since the United Automobile Workers of America opened its cam paign to enroll the 89,300 workers at the plant. The riot at the plant gates took place when union members attempted to distribute literature to workers changing shifts. Attorney Voices Protest. Louis J. Colombo, Ford counsel, told Trial Examiner John T. Lind say yesterday afternoon' that "I am getting tired of having you rebuke me all the time’’ when Lindsay had said ‘‘I want no arguments’’ after the attorney objected to certain testi mony. This exchange came while Clifford Sheldon, a former Ford foreman, was on the stagid. Sheldon related that hf reluctantly formed a squad of foremen to "Kick out of the plant" any workers who tried to strike. He said he was instructed by a superior, Ray De Clerque, to organize the foremen during the General Mo tors and Chrysler strikes a few months ago. Sheldon identified a list of more than 75 names as being those of men he enlisted for the work. Tells of Incident. “We were to take the strikers to the building exits and turn them over to the service men, who would take care of them from mthat point on,” Sheldon testified. The service de partment polices Ford property. Sheldon said his special patrol was on duty for' about 15 minutes on March 15 when a strike was threat ened. He said that when the com pany discharged him, another fore man told him some one had “been telling stories about you.” He joined the U. A. W. A., he said, after his dismissal. The former foreman said workers were told not to talk when service men were in sight, and another former Ford worker. Elmer Mackie, asserted that "every time you'd look behind you there would be a service man looking »t you.” Sheldon said the production workers 4Mre "afraid of” the service men. "be ■tttse if one of them took your badge JRRnber and turned it in, it was as good as being fired.” - • ■- .. . a—— ■ ■ __ MIAMI PREPARING jgFOR BIGGER SEASON publicity Tax Raised to Spread ^ Charms Before Public. Bv the Associated Press. MIAMI, Fla., July 15.—New houses are going up here at the rate of 40 • week—so the city arranged yester day for Northerners to see more pic tures of bathing beauties next Winter than ever before. The Publicity Board recommended the commission raise the publicity levy from l1* to 2 mills, which is ex pected to provide $238,000 for various forms of advertising and promotion of sports events. ' The City of Miami Beach, where 20 fifcw hotels and 100 apartment houses have been built since the first of the year, also will spend more for pub licity this season. The levy probably will remain at 2 mills, but heavier tax rolls are expected to provide more than the $96,000 fund of last year. New construction in the greater Miami area for the first six months of 1937 amounted to $13,267,082, includ ing extensive business building as well •X 1,500 residences and numbers of hotels and apartments. This broke all records since the boom. JOHN TOLER,’70, DIES; 5 NEWSPAPER OFFICIAL w» __ Bf the Associated Press. ATLANTA, July 15.—John Thomas T§l®r, 70-year-old circulation man ager of the Atlanta Constitution and a~ founder and former president of tHjs International Circulation Man agers’ Association, died at a hospital IkSre early today after a short illness. ;;JIe became circulation manager of the Constitution in 1911 and served i&ively in that post, except for a sin glf year, until a few weeks before his death. At the time he took charge the Constitution’s circulation it Bipod at 33,000 daily in contrast to its present level of better than 100,000. ."iToler’s half century of circulation Writ began in 1887 when he took a Job as a clerk in the circulation de partment of the Memphis Appeal. He b$ped found the international as sociation and was named its president UK 1932 after having filled all its elective offices and served as a direc tor for more than 20 years. -• Virginian Protests Poster’s Slight of TVs O 3 Early Jamestown B* the Associated Press. 'WILLIAMSBURG. Va., July 15.— ABiong other things. Southerners pre fer their history straight. ■3Bo intimated Kenneth Chorley, president of Colonial Williamsburg, when he disclosed yesterday that he h|d written to Howard S. Palmer, president of the New York, New Haven 6 Harford Railroad, protesting the Oje of a poster bearing the words: «"New England—where American history began.” j-Chorley wrote it “could be said with mbra justice to have begun at James town (1607, first pennamnent English mttlement in America), in Virginia, *# on Roanoke Island, In North Caro toa” ^The poster Is In Grand Central Sta tion, New York. V Washington Wayside Tales Random Observations of Interesting Events and Things. DRAY DAY? THE Department of Utter Con fusion gleaned from a local newspaper recently an item reading “-it is the sap of a tree, a natural fluid free from chem icals. Its vegetable oil, its other in gredients are helpful to hair and scalp. And better still, are helpful to hair and scalp. And better still, it cuts draying time in half. Ask for it when you make your next shampoo ap pointment, etc., etc.” O. K., Gertrude, a two is a two is a two and better still the compositor | better get out of town while a two is a two is a two and better still before the advertising manager picks up a base ball bat and drays the slats out of somebody. * * * * • EXPERT. We would like to note, merely for the record, that the gentleman who boasted to us about as how he had a local country club fix up its court back stops, make rules about chil dren playing in late afternoon, and otherwise reform the Tennis Situa tion, has also distinguished himself otherwise around the club now. Playing in a mighty doubles match the other afternoon, he took a beau tiful, yea. masterful swing at the ball and hit himself squarely in the eye with his racquet. Has a full-grown shiner to show for this bit of masosehistic acrobatics. The Tennis Committe as yet has not acknowledged the incident, in a formal way. * * * * DOLDRUMS. On a visit way back up in the hills to see some dogs he keeps there with a colored trainer, a fellow we know was led away in the comer of the yard, far from about 20 other members of the colored man's family, a few days ago. and opportuned a* follows: ' Mistuh John, next time you come down here to see them dawgs, you guess you could bring me a quart of likker?” "Sure," said our friend. ' Well, now don't tell any of these others around here about it, or I won’t git a drop for myself.” “Pine, won't mention a word.” “Now unnerstan’ me, Mistuh John, I'se not takin’ to drinkin’ or anything. But you know we been so busy down here for almost two months that I haven’t been in town even on a Sat tiddy night.” “Sure. I understand.” “I declare, Missuh John, here a while back, it got so quiet around heie and every day so much like the last day, that I went down the road a piece and bought myself a flock of guinea hens, Just to have aumpn on the place to raise a little hell.” * * a * MUSIC, THAT HATH Since almost any quartet—barber shop, bar room, old apple tree, or whatever variety—is convinced that it could sing a hungry lion back into his cage, we would be inclined to doubt this story if it did not come to us from a young man notoriously addicted to telling the truth. Says he was dining out with some singing pals the other evening in one of those German restaurants where every one joins in the chorus after the second sound of beers. Choice of the moment was “Sleep,” which the boys were warbling with soft, soporific ef fects when they noticed a gentleman dozing gently into his plate. This, of course, much delighted the crowd, which next began to yodel “All the World Is Waiting for the Sunrise,” whereupon the sleeping customer awoke, stretched, and called for a cup of coflee. * * * * TREACHERY. On Connecticut avenue just below Dupont Circle there stands a charm ing ivy-covered building, with a sign on the front of it reading “National Lumber Manufacturers’ Association.” The building is of brick. * * * * MYTHS. Because we are inclined to be fair game for almost any kind of super stition, provided it rhymes, the Bureau of Biological Survey recently has sup plied us with some information on snakes, about which we have enter tained—but not very much—the customary illusions. The Survey people wish us to know that you cannot keep snakes away from your bed by hanging up a coil of horsehair rope. On the other hand, snakes seldom sleep in bed and aren't apt to be found testing the mat tress unless encouraged by music, offer of hot dogs or friendly cooing sounds. The latter data, to be sure, is our own, not the B. S.’s. Know ye also that there are no snakes with spikes for tails. (Never heard there were, but the superstitions we don’t know about are not discrimi nated against in this column.) Nothing to those good old Southern yams about hoop snakes, that grab their tails in their mouths and Just roll along, roll along home to mammy. The hoop snake is a legend. There is no such thing as a glass snake—the one you're supposed to be able to hit with a stick, if you can hit anything with a stick—break to pieces and then watch "mend’’ again right before your big brown eyes. Nothing to the stories about snakes milking cows. (Tut Tut Such non sense. The C. L o. would picket ’em if they did.) "Coachwhip snakes” do not lash and beat men to death. They don’t even lash and beat. They don't even ride on coaches. They are as harm less as a garter snake, which has nothing to do with garters, or a king snake, which abdicates if you even hiss at it. Oh. yes. And it wasn’t a real man gooes either. * Munns at Southampton • •'ll; ; 1 ’".!•! 11 "•"'•W'• 11 !."”l,,^,w,WVPW*| : v>:• '* % : V ' ’ v£:: • * ' ' " , -few rn«5nflnj Mrs Orson D. Munn of the Arches, Southampton, PuCturZLd in in!ormal attire at the Southampton Beach Club, where the society folk keep cool. Mrs. Munn's cos tume strikes a new note in beach wear with this novel head gear, —Wide World Photo. China Ships $100,000,000 Gold Out of War Zone for Safety SHANGHAI, July 15. — Chinese banks, including the Central Bank of China, which is owned by the central governmemnt, were reported today to have shipped out more than $100,000 000 in gold and silver to the British colony of Hongkong, presumably for safekeeping in the event of war with Japan. Although banking and official sources declined to discuss the matter, it was reported every ship sailing for Hong kong was loaded wih large quantities of the precious metals. The Empress of Russia was said to have carried $27,000,000 in silver for transshipment to London, while another $20,000,000 in silver was reported aboard the liner President Coolidge. Despite the tenseness of the situa tion caused by clashes between Chinese and Japanese in North China, the of ficial news agency reported from Kullng that Premier Chiang Kai-shek was remaining there. Other officials vacationing with him have been ordered to return to the capital at Nanking. The generalissimo "is in fine condi tion and not perturbed by the tense northern situation," the agency re ported. Other Chinese sources de clared Gen. Chiang was engaged in drafting a diagram "explaining tha philosophical system of the three peo ples and principles.” Persistent rumors that tha Com munist Army of Shensi and Kansu Provinces had started marching east ward to aid the central government in fighting Japan were denied by the foreign office. Reports that new truce* had been agreed on in the North China fight ing were also said to be false. Officials said neither Nanking nor North China officials had signed "any truce at any time, regardless of Japanese assertions to the contrary. It was pointed out that the Chinese Communist troops are 700 miles from the center of operations in Hopei Province, separated from Chinese regu lars by barren mountains. Use of rail way facilities controlled by the Nan king government w as considered highly unlikely. Relations were not cordial enough between the Communist leaders and Oen. Chiang, it was thought, for the Communists to be permitted to go anywhere as an organiaztlon, much less into Hopei, where they would give the Japanese a long-sought ex cuse to undertake a Communist sup pression campaign. BOARD MAY ENTER RAILROAD STRIKE If Disputants Do Not Agree by Tomorrow, Mediators May Step In. By the Associated Press. The National Mediation Board Is preparing to intervene In the threat ened Nation-wide railroad atrike. Unless representatives of the carriers and the 14 non-operating unions come to terms today on a new wage and hour agreement, the board will step in to morrow, officials said. Negotiations are deadlocked. The unions demanded an increase of 30 cents an hour. The carriers first offered 3 cents. Further compromises have been proposed, but none accepted. If the Federal board Intervenes, present wage and hour levels will be frozen until the board decides further mediation would be futile. After that, President Roosevelt could order a truce while a presidential board investigated and reported on the strike issues. George M. Harrison, president of the American Association of Railway Labor Executives, said “no progress” was made at yesterday’s Joint confer ence. --- VIRGINIA POSTMASTERS TO ADOPT CONSTITUTION Controller Slattery and Repre sentative Robertson Will Speak Tonight at B&nqupt. By the Associated Press. RICHMOND. Va., July 15.—Vir ginia's postmasters gathered today for the first annual meeting of the State's chapter of the National Association of Postmasters. The program was scheduled to start at noon, with W. Nelson Page of Winchester, State president, calling the meeting to order. Clyde W. Saun ders, Richmond postmaster, planned to greet the group. Speakers on the program included Benjamin A. Ruffin, representing the city and Chamber of Commerce; Owen A. Keen, chief clerk in the office of the Postmaster General, and William J. Dixon, superintendent of the Division of Postmasters. The day's business .included adop tion of a constitution and approval of by-laws and election of officers. Among those expected to appear on the banquet program tonight were William L. Slattery, controller of the Poet Office Department; Representa tive A. Willis Robertson of the seventh congressional district and R. Gray Williams of Winchester, Democratic Offices Moved. ARLINGTON, Va., July 15 (Spe cial).—The office of the Democratic Executive Committee of Arlington County has been moved from East Falls Church to the new Campbell Building on Court House Square, it was announced today by Charles R. Fen wick, committee chairman. Office hours will be from 7:10 to 9 pm. every day except Saturdays and Sun FREEDOM OF PRESS SEEN ENDANGERED “Economic Front” Forces Are Threatening Newspaper Rights, Chapman Says. B» th* Associated Press. Oscar L. Chapman, Assistant Sec retary of the Interior, said last night that forces outside the Government on "the economic front" are threatening to impair the freedom of the press. Every great corporation “and every powerful aggregation of capital.” he said, “has its public relations depart ment, headed by a high-pressure and a high-priced ‘public relations coun sel,’ whose function It Is to try to make the public see things from the standpoint of the employer.” In many cities. Chapman asserted, "the press is subservient to Its ad vertisers.” He added, hovever, he did not believe "this to be the practice among the better class of newspapers In America.” In an address prepared for delivery over a radio network. Chapman said the press “must not only assert Its freedom but carry its full obligation to the public to tell the truth.” He declared It la “of the essence of our democracy than any newspaper * * * may criticize or denounce any public official up to and including the President.” OR. DWIGHT HOLMES ACCEPTS NEW POST Dean of Graduate School of How ard XJniTeriaty Will H*a4 Morgan College. Dr. Dwight O. W. Holmes, dean of the Graduate School of Howard Uni versity, today notified trustees of Morgan College, Baltimore, of his ac ceptance of the presidency of that Institution, for which he was selected last month. Dr. Holmes took his A. B. from Howard and his A. M. and Ph. D. from Columbia University. He came to Howard after 15 years' service as teacher and officer at Douglass High School in Baltimore and two years at Miner Normal School here. He was appointed dean of the College of Education at Howard in 1920 and was placed in charge of the newly created graduate school in 1924. The new president is a member of the boards of the Family Service Association and the Northwest Set tlement House here and also belongs to other educational associations and commissions. UNION ROW TO BOARD Ihe Social Security Board bn ployes’ Union of Baltimore and the board hare agreed to take to the National Labor Relations Board charges that four union officers were discharged because of organisation activities, it was announced today. Details of the hearing before the La bor Board remain to be arranged. The United Federal Workers of America, new C. I. O. affiliate, will furnish the Baltimore union with legal counsel usd help in preparation of briefs and presentation at Sts sum. * -- ROW MARKS PROBE OF CKO RIOT C. I. 0. Lawyers Accuse State's Attorney's Office of Anti-Union Policies. By the Associated Pres*. CHICAGO, July 15.—The coroner’* inquest into 10 deaths in Memorial day steel strike rioting was turned into a wrangle today with C. I. O. attor neys accusing the State’s attorney’s office of pursuing an anti-union policy. The four union lawyers jumped to their feet and shouted the charge after Assistant State’s Attorney Mai Coghian explained during questioning of a witness that his office in investi gating the rioting was not concerned with the positions of strikers or em ployers in the case, but merely was performing its official duties. "It’s apparent the State attorney’s office is against trade unions and the C. I. o.,” the union counsel cried. Opening ef Dispute. The dispute began during interroga tion of Louis F. Sellnek, a member of the union Strike Strategy Committee at the Republic Steel Corp. plant in South Chicago. Sellnek said that when Assistant State’s Attorney Alexander Napoli questioned him June 1 at the South Chicago police station he was forced to answer the way Napoli wanted him to. "It is evident this was a typical third degree by the State attorney’s men,’” David Bentall, a C. I. O. attorney, com mented. Ooghlan, answering the witness’ claim he had been denied legal rights, said Sellnek had waived Immunity be fore the La Follette Senate Civil Liberties Committee and had no right to immunity here. Adviee to Selinek. Another C. I. O. attorney, Ben Myers, advised Selinek he was entitled to immunity and did not have to answer Coghian, but Coroner Frank J. Walsh interrupted to declare he would not countenance objections or other hindrances to testimony. In reply to a question by Ooghlan, Selinek said "no one” had advised him to change his testimony from that given in the statement to Napoli at a police station. Sellnek yesterday had repudiated the statement from the witness stand In it, Napoli said, Selinek named Joseph Weber, a union leader, as one who “talked about arming the men with guns and clubs” before the march toward the Republic property. Selinek gees Mix-up. As the 8tate attorney s office ques tioned him about the police station statement, Sellnek aald he couldn’t remember making certain remarks and added he believed the statements were "mixed up.” "I never was in police trouble be fore,” Selinek answered excitedly, "and when I joined the union and started to fight for my rights I never thought I d be In anything like this.” He said the police treatment of the men at the station was “terrible” and the officers had taken there wounded men "who belonged in hospitals.” Deputy Coroner James J. Whalen announced the Paramount Motion Pic ture of the riot would be shown to the six-man coroner’s jury as part of the evidence. He said it would be screened after all other testimony has been submitted, probably late tomor row. i --- SENATE APPROVES NON-MILITARY ITEMS Compromiie $194,536,000 Appro priation Is Forwarded to White House. B? the Associated Press. The Senate approved and sent to the White House today a compromise $194,536,063 appropriation for the non military activities of the War Depart ment this fiscal year. Included was a $105,000,000 flood - control program, half the cost of which would come from relief funds. Some Senators have predicted a presi dential veto because of the provision. After separating the War Depart ment's non-military items from the $415,000,000 appropriation for military purposes, the House voted $52,500,000 for flood control. The Senate doubled that and proposed additional authori sation for the Army Engineers to enter contracts totaling $48,000,000. Under the compromise, $52,500,000 would be appropriated directly and that same amount would be earmarked from the $1,500,000,000 relief fund for this fiscal year. Meanwhile, the Senate and House, unable to agree on appropriations for the Interior Department this fiscal year, sent to the White House a resolution continuing last year's ap propriations for another 15 days. Tbs 1937 fiscal year closed June 30 with the 8enate and House at odds on features of the supply bill The Senate later adopted a compromise, but the House failed to act. The extension resolution went through both House and Senate today. MRS. CULLINAN LOSES NEW TRIAL APPEAL Br the Associated Press. DETROIT, July 15.—Counsel for Mrs. Halite M. Cullinan, formerly of Washington, yesterday loet their mo tion for a new trial of her $100,000 alienation of affections suit against Miss Laura Strittmatter of Detroit. Recorder’s Judge John V. Brennan denied the request. Several months ago a Jury decided there was no cause for action. The plaintiff’s husband. Charles H. Cullinan, former Home Owners’ Loan Oorp. employe, married Miss Stritt matter while still married to Airs. Cul linan, but the ceremony was annulled. DRIVER IS FINED $1,000 IN DEATH OF TWO MEN Three-Month*’ Suspended Jail Sentence Also Imposed on T. 0. Greenough of Charlottesville. Br ths Associated Press. WASHINGTON. Vs., July 15.—T. O. Greenough of Charlottesville, • Va„ was found guilty of Involuntary man slaughter yesterday and was sentenced by Judge J. R. H. Alexander to pay a 91,000 fine. He was also given a three months’ suspended jail sentence. Greenough several Snootha ago was driving an automobU# that kflled two eotond sad lajuradttaraa othars. Spiritualist Invokes Mirth In Raising Thurston’s Ghost This was the scene in New York last night as Stanley K. Werner (right). New York spiritualist, attempted to produce the ghost of Howard Thurston for Joseph Dunninger (center), and other doubters through Mrs. Werner, his medium (left). But snickers and laughter from the spectators spoiled the show. At least Werner blamed them for the ghost’s disappearance. —Copyright, A. P. Wirevhoto. B> tht Associated Press. NEW YORK. July 15 —A photogra pher snickered, a newspaper reporter laughed out loud and the ghost of Howard Thurston disappeared last night. At least Stanley K. Werner, the stubby, white-haired spiritualist of 102d street, said the ghost was gone. No one else had seen it. So some one in the pitch black darkness asked Werner to describe the spirit. "How does his mustache look?” asked Joseph Dunninger, the magician, who has offered *10.000 for an au thentic spirit manifestation. "Is it darker or lighter?” "It's darker,” said Werner. "Well, he must have grown one,” Dunninger said. "He never had one on this earthly plane.” That's when the photographer tit tered and the reporter broke down. They had been quiet and curious, watching as Werner's wife. Alma, his medium, gave a demonstration of levi tation and repeated the voice of a woman ‘'spirit.” A dozen or so reporters and photog raphers had assembled in Werner's stuffy basement apartment to act as Dunninger’s jury in his third seance with Werner. A few months ago the little spiritualist attempted to summon the spirits of Edison and Conan Doyle to the tower of the Empire State Building. The ghosts didn't show up. Recently Werner sent Dunninger a letter which, he said, was dictated to him by the ghost of Howard Thurston, the magician, saying the ghost would appear "in person" at Werner's home. But nothing happened—at least not enough to make Dunninger write out his check for *10.000. Werner said Thurston's ghost blamed it on the snickering audience. COPELAND WILLING TO BE “DRAFTED” Will Run for Mayor, He Say*, Only if Party Harmony I* Promoted. Bt the Associated Press. Senator Royal S. Copeland served notice on New York City Democratic leaders today that he would submit to a draft for the mayoralty nomination only on condition that it promoted party harmony. Copeland has been mentioned fre quently as a possible candidate to oppose Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia. He emphasized he does not want the nomination and would not seek it. He said, however, he would accept it “reluctantly” if the city's five borough leaders asked him and if they con vinced him that they could not agree on another candidate. He expressed hope the city leaders, now deadlocked over the choice of a mayoralty nominee, W’ould agree on one of “several fine gentlemen” he said were available in the city. Among possible candidates he mentioned former Supreme Court Justice Jeremiah T. Mahoney, former Justice Francis Martin of the Appel late Division, George McAneny and Frank J. PriaL MUNSHOWER WILL HEAD MARYLAND GUARD CAMP Police Chief Will Be Major and Lieutenant Colonel at Same Time. By the Associated Press. FREDERICK. Md., July 15.—Be ginning Saturday, State Police Su perintendent Elmer F. Munshower will And out what it feels like to be a major and a lieutenant colonel at the same time. Maj. (or Lieut. Col.) Munshower will hold the higher rank as acting commanding officer of the 1st Regi ment, Maryland National Guard, dur ing the regiment's Summer encamp ment at Camp Ritchie. The unit leaves for its two-week active-duty training this week end. Lieut. Col. (or Maj.) Munshower is executive officer of the regiment, but becomes acting commanding officer through the absence of Col. D. John Markey of Frederick, the regimental commander. Col. Markey lpft New York today for Europe as a member of the United States Battle Monument Commission. Maj. (or Lieut. Col.) Munshower was appointed to the State police su perintendency last Winter. The post carries with it the rank of major. Congress in Brief TODAY. Senate: Holds brief routine session. Haase: Considers conference report on In terior Department supply MIL Agriculture Committee studies crop insurance bill. Judiciary Committee considers bill to require foreign propaganda agents to register with State Department. Labor Committee continues study of wage-hour bill. Rivers and Harbors Committee re sumes hearings on regional planning bill. Post Office Committee considers air mail legislation. TOMORROW. Senate: Will hold state funeral in Senate chamber for Majority Leader Robin son. Haase: TENANCY MEASURE SENTTOWHITEHOUSE Compromise Bill Authorizes $85, 000,000 in Loans to Fanners. By the Associated Press. The Senate gent to the White House today a compromise tenancy bill au thorizing the Government to lend *85, 000,000 in the next three years to help tenants become farm owners. Final congressional action came with adoption of recommendations of a conference committee named to compose Senate and House differences over the legislation. The House ap proved the compromise Tuesday. The measure empowers the Secre tary of Agriculture to lend $10,000, 000 this fiscal year, $25,000,000 in the next and S50.000.000 in the third year at 3 per cent for farm purchases. Al though tenants and sharecroppers buying land with Federal aid will be given title immediately, they can not sell the properties for five years. The measure also authorizes a *10. 000,000 appropriation this year for purchase and retirement of submarg inal land and *20,000,000 in each of the next two years. C. I. 0. DRIVE OPENED FOR FORD EMPLOYES Literature Ic Distributed Among 8,700 Workers at Edgewater Assembly Plant. Br the Associstec Press. EDGEWATER. N. J.. July 15 —The C. I. O.'s United Automobile Workers of America launched today its first concerted open drive to organize the 3.700 workers in the Ford Motor Co.'s assembly plant here. Supported by the Workers’ Defense League, union organizers were ordered to the gates of the large Ford plant to distribute union literature to em ployes this afternoon. The union men, police lieutenant Alexander Flannery said, yesterday obtained pamphlet distribution per mits required by an Edgewater or dinance. “If they keep within the police regulations, there will be no trouble and no arrests,” he said. - ■ • ;-— Boy, 10, Recovers From Operation Of Delicate Kind Metal Pencil Cap Taken From Lung After Several Years. Ten-year-old Daniel Naylor. 3101 Rittenhouse street, was recuperating at hi* home today from one of the most delicate and difficult operations known to medical science. 8everal years ago the boy swal lowed a metal pencil cap. which lodged in his right lung. Suffering from coughing spells and extreme exhaus tion, he was taken to- Dr. Louis H. Clerf, Philadelphia specialist In bronchoscope work. Ordinarily In this operation a tiny electric light is lowered into the lung to aid the surgeon in locating the for eign object. Daniel's throat had shrunk too much to permit this pro cedure, and Dr. Clerf had to probe with delicate forceps until he located the pencil cap and drew it out. Daniel, however, apparently suf fered no ill effects. "Daddy, the doctor got it. I'm going to live,” was his first remark after coming off the operating table. His father. X. X. Naylor, is an as sistant commissioner of accounts and deports at the Treasury Department. t H Institute Told “Have Not Nations’' Should Be Al- . lowed Raw Materials. Bf the Associated Press. CHARLOTTESVILLE, V*., July 15. —Establishment of an international ayatem for distribution of the world i raw material sources among the na tions to meet economic needs was urged today in two adresses before the Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Clark M. Eichelberger, director of the League of Nations Association, * proposed that a “house of economic planning" be set up within the League of Nations in order that the so-called “have not nations" might have source* of raw materials opened to them on a more equitable basis. Grover Clark, journalist and con sultant on Far Eastern affairs, asserted that as long as opportunity to get raw materials and trade depends upon colonization and political control over territory, war will continue to afflict the nations of the world. Wagenet Speaks on Security. Discussing governmental responsi bility toward insecurity of unemploy ment, R. Gordon Wagenet, director of the Bureau of Unemployment, Social Security Board, outlined the growth of popular opinion in favor of Govern ment responsibility. * If there could be established be tween nations, Clark said, "the same kind of freedom of trade, of invest ment, of movement of goods and peo ple as there is between the State* of the United States war would be come nothing but a horrible memory. That is, of course, not within tha realm of practical politics now. Maj. Gen. Smedley D. Butler, re tired eommandant of the United States Marine Corps, declared last night that the United States can keep out of any future war by taking a friend ly. helpful part In the affairs of other nations and treating them all alike. Should Tend Own Business. But above all, he asserted, “we should attend to our own business make no faces at others with our Navy and keep our naval maneuver* or. home." "After putting all nations on a quota footing with respect to immigration and putting our own foreign relations house in order," Butler said," we should tell the whole world just what we in tend to defend with our armed forces. • Let all the natioas know that we do not intend to invade them or seire their property and that our armed forces are so constructed and de signed that we could not invade even if a change of administration should cause a change of this policy. “When we have announced what we intend to defend, let us put our na tional flag over it and forbid the fly mg of our flag over anything else. Then we will avoid insults to our flag, which is the most useful and popular cause for our wars • * •" Gen. Butler said that inasmuch as the flag belongs to all Americans, "we Americans who will protect our flag should have voice in where it is flown • • * and then we must coin appeal ing peace slogans and there could be nothing more potent than "Attend to our own business." Protection of Homes. By the word "our.” Gen. Butler said he referred to the business of the people who do the fighting—those who make the actual sacrifices in blood and sorrow. "I contend that the only war busi ness of these people is the preservation » and protection of their homes,” he said. "Protection of foreign invest ments and trade is not the business of these people. Certainly those who die and are maimed on the field of battle and those left behind to sorrow to the «nd of their days cannot, by any stretch, claim an Interest in foreign in- • vestments. "Our trade with Japan and China together in 1938 showed a balance of five million dollars in our favor— about one-twelfth the cost of a battle ship—and how many of those who might bleed would share In that five millions?" STRIKE PROTECTION ASKED BY MINERS Worker* Say 600 Pickets Are Massed About Republic Coal Mine. Br th» Auoeltttd Pr»*j, CONNET.Ij8VIL.LE, Pa., July 15 __ leaders of non-strlkbig miners rallprj for State motor police protection to day, charging that 600 picket* were massed about a strike-bound Republic Steel Corp. coal mine. E. B. Winning, general manager of the company'* two mine* at Davidson and Trotter, said company employes flred tear gas at striking miners to eject them from company property at the Davidson mine, where members of the Independent Workers’ Brother hood returned to work yesterday. O. L, Snyder, chairman of the brotherhood, wired Commissioner Percy W. Foote of the motor police: "Six hundred hoodlums ganged on Davidson. Fear violence due to evi dence pickets have arms and other weapons. Request local contingent of State motor police be empowered to act.” John Kramrech, United Mine Work ers’ organiser, asserted nearly 1,500 men were on the picket lines today. The company said 100 men wera at work in the two mines, NORRIS QUITS CAPITAL FOR WISCONSIN HOME Ailing Webraaka Senator Was Advised to Beak Cooler Climate. Br th« Associated Press. Senator George W. Norris, 78-year old Nebraska Independent, who has been iU more than three weeks, left here late last night for his Summer home in Waupaca, Wis. Norris’ condition when he left Naval Hospital here was reported as “excel lent.” His physicians advised, how ever, that he go to a climate cooler than Washington's. The Senator probably will go to his home in Mc Cook, Nebr„ when the weather cools. Norris was taken to the hospital after a sudden attack of what Senate djjtors believed to be indigeation.