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ON FORDPARLEY Labor Board Tries to Con tradict Story of Bennett Conference. By the Associated Press. DETROIT. April 23.—Attorneys for the National Labor Relations Board, cross-examining a Ford Motor Co. witness today, sought to contradict his testimony he was with Harry Ben nett. Ford personnel director, for more than three hours on the day union organizers were beaten at Ford's Dear born plant. Arthur Ogle, Detroit News reporter, told Trial Examiner John T. Lindsay * yesterday he was with Bennett until 3 p.m. and returned to the News office •bout 4 o'clock on May 26. A Gov ernment witness earlier had testified he heard Bennett call "Good work, boys,” after the riot, to two men he •aid participated in the flghfing. A N. L. R. B. complaint charging v-the Ford Co. with unfair labor prac tices alleges the company instigated "brutal and malicious" assaults May 26 on United Automobile Workers' members trying to distribute union literature outside the Dearborn plant. Ogle testified he drove back to the News office with David J. Wilkie, chief of the Detroit Associated Press Bu reau. A. P. Story Is Shown. Christopher Hoey. board attorney, showed Ogle an Associated Press story timed 3:44 p.m. and signed with Wil kie's initials, indicating it was written after Wilkie reached his office in the News Building. Another piece of Associated Press copy, timed 2:50 pm. and quoting a v telephone conversation with Bennett, •iso was shown by Hoey. who said it was the Government's contention Ogle and Wilkie had left Bennett before that time. This story was written by R. P. Hujjbart. Ogle had testified Bennett received only two telephone calls during the time he and Wilkie were with the personnel director and Hoey con tended that had Hubbart telephoned during that time Bennett would have informed Wilkie. Louis J. Colombo, chief Ford coun sel. objected to introduction of the testimony and Lindsay withheld a ruling on it. Edward T. Edmundson. photog rapher employed by the Ford company. Identified several photographs of w property near the scene of the May 26 fighting, but Lindsay would not per mit him to identify the property as belonging to the company. The company introduced testimony In an effort to support its contention that union leaders, who were beaten * oj^side the Rouge plant May 26 while ^stributing literature were trespass ing on private property. The union contended they were on public ground. Court (Continued From First Page.) ing years when court agitation was prominent, he said, the courts listened and made their decisions more along Judicial lines than legislative lines. That situation prevailed, he said. Until the administrations of Presidents Coolidge and Hoover, when the courts, he asserted, proceeded more along leg islative lines. This brought a realization generally, the spokesman continued, that agita tion had to be renewed, and this was begun with President Roosevelt's sur prise message to Congress on February 5 requesting a revision among the lower and highest courts. Much of Program Accomplished. The spokesman asserted that Presi dent Roosevelt believed an interesting parallel now exists as a result of the administration effort in this Congress ■" with the days when the "courts lis tened.” Therefore, he believed that a large part of his court program has already been accomplished, tempora- ! rily at least. The spokesman said that before February 5. the Supreme Court held the agricultural adjustment act un o constitutional, but that after the Chief Executive's court recommenda tions had gone to Congress, the Su preme Court in effect overruled itself in the A. A. A. decision by upholding the social security act. The same thing was true in the case of the outlawing of the Guffey coal act before February 5 and the upholding of the Wagner labor rela tions act after that date. The spokes man said there was a similar parallel also in the New York minimum wage Jaw case, which the court held un constitutional, while afterward it up held the Washington minimum wage law. *- The net result, the spokesman said, Is that the President feels the ad ministration has attained certain of its objectives. One of the principal gains the President was represented as counting was that the country has been made court conscious and Constitution minded. It has reached the conclu sion as a result of the court dispute in Congress, he added, that the Con stitution is not intended to block so cial and economic reforms if they are necessary to the general welfare. Still liinr Wav 1a fin The administration spokesman was asked If President Roosevelt was sat* isfled with this measure of progress and replied that he felt he was making progress, but still had a long way to go. Asked if the President considered further legislation on the subject was desirable, the spokesman called atten tion to his recommendations on the subject and added that Congress has three methods of acting—not acting at all, rejecting recommendations and approving recommendations. The spokesman noted that there already was apparent among certain elements of Congress a feeling that Congress now should go home and leave the remainder of its work to a future session. He asserted that an Important pub lisher recently called on the Presi dent and Inquired why he wanted anything else new, asserting that peo ■* pie were more prosperous now than they ever had been before. t The spokesman said President Roose velt told the publisher that during the Coolldge administration the gen eral attitude was "everything’s lovely— don’t rock the boat—just let every thing alone." The President went on, the spokes man said, by citing as an example a prospective cotton crop of 14,500,000 bales this year. This, he said, was more than could be used or exported and will mean that much of it will „ be added to a current surplus. Going on with his Illustration, the * President, according to the spokesman, said that suppose Nature is good again h l next year and the Government does not move to stabilize conditions in the cotton industry, in such an event, he was represented as telling the pub lisher, it Is possible that the country will see 8, 7 or even 6 cent cotton again. Whereupon the publisher was said to have advised the President "to let Nature take its course.” To which the President was said to have replied by recalling what happened in 1929 The President was represented as believing that the same philosophy ap plies to other crops, to wages and hours, housing and Government reor ganization programs. The whole situation, the spokesman added, is in the lap of the legislative branch of the Government. It must decide what the future is going to be, he added, whether it is to be uncon trolled as he said it was in 1929. or whether reasonable legislation is to be enacted to prevent another crisis. It is up to Congress, the administra tion spokesman added, to say when it is going to quit. ---• Airport _(Continued From First Page.) ment, which showed they were negli gent, or they did know of it. which showed a lack of good judgment," Mass said. Airport Close By Undesirable. Navy officers told the committee the Cheltenham site is to serve as a prov ing ground for all types of radio de velopment and that, coupled with the new station now being built at An napolis, it will replace the famous naval radio station at Arlington, Va. It is possible that the Arlington tow ers, for years an outstanding feature of the nearby Virginia landscape, may be torn down within three years, the subcommittee was told. The Navy already has purchased 559 acres at Cheltenham and expects to have the first unit of the great radio plant there in operation by next Janu ary. To provide adequate protection against encroachment which would in terfere with this radio work, it was proposed that as much as 2.000 acres of additional land be acquired there by the Navy. It was a primary consideration in selecting the Cheltenham site that the location should be away from any airport, airline, traffic or automobile highway, commercial radio station or industrial development which might create radio interference, the sub committee was told by Admiral C. E. Courtney, director of naval commu nications. Mutual Interference. He said it was a surprise to the Navy when he learned through the newspapers that Camp Springs had been selected as the local airport site. The Navy was not consulted by the Airport Commission, he said. The Navy has priority in that area by occupancy. Admiral Courtney testi fied. “If the airport had priority, the Navy would never have chosen the Cheltenham site.” The officer testified that radio towers 300 feet in height or more will be constructed and that there would be "mutual interference” between the radio station and any airport in that vicinity. Cheltenham was selected two years ago as the most suitable' location in the vicinity of Washing ton for the proposed radio develop ment because it is removed from automobile highways and industrial activities and because it is in the only sector out of Washington not crossed by airlines. The radio site is 20 miles from the Navy Department by road and 14 miles by airline. Comdr. W. J. Ruble, naval com munications, told the subcommittee the Cheltenham development was authorised by Congress on April 15, 1935 and that the first funds became available August 1, 1935. Construc tion began a year ago and work so far completed includes an approach road, buildings, sewer and water con nections, a power line and the begin ning of technical construction. Ruble said there is a difference in elevation of only 20 feet between the Cheltenham and Camp Springs sites and expressed the opinion that radio towers would constitute serious hazards to air navigation in bad weather. He declared that airports in the future are going to be ‘ tremendously active centers of radio transmission” and that there would be serious radio in terference between the two activities. Still fighting for a “close-in” air port, Representative Nichols, Democrat of Oklahoma, predicted meanwhile of Congress will give the Washing ton Hoover Airport authority to expand by taking in part of the Department of Agriculture’s experimental farm in Arlington, Va., the officials would spend $500,000 in developing it into one of the finest landing fields in the country. Nichols, who served as secretary of the Congressional Airport Commission which picked the Camp Springs site, believes this location will be too far removed to be of value for commer cial planes making short flights be tween Washington, New York and Pittsburgh. Passengers, he said, would spend nearly as much time go ing to the Camp Springs Airport as they would in the air. For transcontinental planes, Nich ols said the Camp Springs airport would be ideal. He is not opposed to the Oovernment locating a model air port there, but thinks the Washlng ton-Hoover field should be extended for the benefit of planes making short inter-city flights. Sees No Cost to District. Nichols said the Washington Hoover Airport has not cost the tax payers of the District a cent, and the l~ l cost of its expansion would not be saddled on the District because he is confident the officials of the airport would be willing to bear the expense if Congress will give them a lease to use part of the experimental farm. "For that reason,” he declared, "1 cannot understand why the people of the District and the newspapers don’t make a united demand on Congress to give the Washington-Hoover Air port officials authority to enlarge the landing field.” "I am sure it will always be that way even if the Camp Springs site is developed by the Government into the best airport in the country," he said. "Planes plying between New York and Pittsburgh will not use the Camp Springs airport, except in bad weather. It is far too removed from the city to be of service, for short haul passengers. Planes on these short trips could not compete with the rail “Mr. Pershad of India” Conies to Town * °.u can take your choice about identifying any of these men as the mysterious ‘‘Mr. Pershad of India, believed to be a rajah of some importance in his native land, who arrived with this party warning at Washington- Airport. The man with the brief case, Gudio Tanner, representative of Thomas Cook & Sons, travel agency, refused to identify any of the men or allow them to be interviewed. _star staff Photo ------ t Chronology of Court Fight Yesterday’s Burial Ended Battle That Had Raged for 5 Months and 17 Days Over Supreme Court’s ’’Veto.” THE bitter fight over the Presi dent's Supreme Court proposal raged 5 months and 17 days before the Senate decided yes terday to bury the question. A list of the Important dates and events in the struggle follows: February 5—President Roosevelt asked Congress for power to appoint six additional justices if incumbents past 70 refused to retire. February 10—The House approved a bill permitting Justices to retire at 70 with full pay. February 26—The Senate approved the same measure. March 4—President Roosevelt, at a Democratic victory dinner, called for action "now" to overcome Supreme Court "vetoes" of New Deal programs. March 9—President Roosevelt told the Nation in a broadcast address that "we must take action to save the Con stitution from the courts.” March 29—The Supreme Court up held the Washington State minimum wage law for women, the railway labor act and the mortgage moratorium act. April 12—The tribunal, by a 5-to-4 decision, upheld the Wagner labor re lations act. May 18—Justice Van Devanter. a consistent critic of administration en actments, announced his retirement. May 18—The Senate Judiciary Com mittee. after long public hearings, voted, 10 to 8, against the court bill. May 25—The Supreme Court upheld the social security act. June 14—The Senate Judiciary Committee recommended rejection of the original court bill, declaring it represents "a needless, futile and ut terly dangerous abandonment of con stitutional principle.” July 2—Administration forces pro posed a compromise bill to permit ap pointment of one additional justice each calendar year if incumbents past 75 do not retire. July 5—The Senate began bitter de bate on the Issue. July 13—Many House members cheered criticism of the court legisla tion by Chairman Sumners of the Judiciary Committee. July 14—Senator Robinson, con gressional leader on the fight for court reorganization, died of a heart attack. July 15—President Roosevelt wrote Senator Barkley, the acting Demo cratic leader, that it was the duty of Congress to approve reorganization of the Judiciary, including the Supreme Court. July 20—Vice President Garnet- took word to the President that a group of previously uncommitted Senators would vote to sidetrack the issue unless a compromise settlement were worked out quickly. July 21—The Vice President asked the opposition to state its peace terms and was informed the administration must drop any idea of enlarging the Supreme Court. July 22—The Senate votes. 70 to 20. I to recommit the bill to the Judiciary | Committee. roads if they had to land passengers 10 miles out of the city,” Nichols did not sign the Airport Commission's report recommending the Camp Springs site because It failed to urge establishment of an auxiliary airport closer to Washing ton. Lincoln V “ II I II (Continued Prom First Page.) sent to conference and whipped into shape there. Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee were hopeful, now that the light over the Supreme Court has been terminated, It will be possible to pro ceed without further delay and pass the proposed Judicial reform bill. It will have to do merely with procedure and with an Increase in the number of judges of the Inferior courts. Mend Party Harmony. In the meantime, Vice PresidentH Garner and other administration lead ers set to work to mend party har mony, which Mr. Roosevelt's court re organization proposal had shattered. Senators who had opposed the President on the issue forecast, how ever, there would be no reprisals. 8enator McCarran said he was gratified he and his colleagues had "brought to the attention of the Presi dent of the United States and to the attention of the people of the United States the fact that he was led Into error and, being led Into error, he is big enough and strong enough to admit his error and the country is no'/ safe.” The motion to sidetrack the bill, up held yesterday by a 70-20 vote, had been made by Senator Logan, Demo crat, of Kentucky, whose name was on the administration compromise bill offered earlier In July. "Then the Supreme Court is out of the way?" asked Senator Johnson, Republican, of California. "The Supreme Court Is out of the way,” Logan replied. "Glory be to God!” Johnson ex claimed. The galleries applauded. Vice President Garner rapped for order. Then, without another word of de bate, the roll was called. Twenty “die-hards" voted “no” Senator Norris, Independent, of Ne braska, who was absent, was paired against recommitment. The 70 “ayes" included 53 Demo crats, Shipstead. a Farmer-Laborite, and the 16 Republicans. The noes were registered by 18 Democrats. Lun deen, the other Minnesota Farmer Laborite. and La Follette, Progressive, of Wisconsin. Surrey Authorized. The House Judiciary Committee, it was disclosed today, has authorized a congressional survey of lower Federal courts to determine whether new laws are needed to increase their efficiency and speed ud litigation. Chairman Sumners said the survey would be made after adjournment by a House subcommittee and possibly a similar Senate group working together. He said it would deal with three subjects: 1. Need, if any, for additional judges. 2. Need for rearrangement of judi cial districts and places for holding court. 3. Feasibility of making the Circuit Courts of Appeals the final tribunals for private lawsuits not involving Issues of public interest. Rearrangement Needed. “It has been very obvious to us of this committee,” Sumners said, "that there is need for a rearrangement among the district courts of Judicial business of the country. Some have too much and some have entirely too little.” He said the committee believed that the only appeals to the Supreme Court should be cases of "general or public interest.” “Such an arrangement,” he said, “would give the Supreme Court greater time in which to examine and determine questions of general importance.” Sumners, who recently denounced the Roosevelt bill, is the author of the Supreme Court retirement act under which Justice Van Devanter left the bench. Some legislators have suggested the shelving of the reorgani zation proposal might bring additional retirements from the court. The Senate roll call on the motion to recommit the court bill follows: TO RECOMMIT—TOTAL, 1*. Democrats. ADAMS LEWIS ANDREWS LOGAN ®T BARKLEY McADOO BROWN, of Mich. McCARRAN BROWN, of N. H. McGILL BULOW MINTON BYRD MOORE BURKE MURRAY BYRNES O’MAHONEY CLARK OVERTON CONNALLY PEPPER COPELAND POPE DIETERICH RADCLIFFE DONAH EY REYNOLDS DUFFY RU8BELL GEORGE SHEPPARD GERRY_ SMITH GILLETTE THOMAS, of Okla. GLAM THOMAS, of Utah HARRISON TYDINOS HERRING VAN NUY8 HOLT WAGNER JOHNSON. Of Colo. WALSH KING WHEELER LEE BeeabUeans. AUSTIN JOHNSON, of Calif. BORAH LODOE BRIDGES McNARY CAPPER NYE DAVIS STEIWER FRAZIER TOWNSEND GIBSON VANDENBERG HALE WHITE Farmer-Laberlte. SHIP STEAD AGAINST EECOMMITAL—TOTAL. *0. Democrats. bilbo hatch black HITCHCOCK BONE HUGHES BULKLEY McKELLAR CARAWAY NEELY CHAVniZ_ SCHWARTZ EUJENDER 8CHWELLENBACH GREEN SMATHER8 GUFFEY TRUMAN Freer essire. LA POLLETTE Farmer-La borite. LUNDEEN Pairs announced were: Bankhead. Democrat, of Alabama, for: Norrta. Inde pendent. of Nebraska, aealnst. Position announced but not paired Ha’den. Democrat, of Ailzona. for. HEARINGS ARRANGED ON NEW FARM BILL Senate Committee Action Dims Prospect of Passage This Session. The Senate Agriculture Committee voted today to hold a series of hear ings throughout the country on the administration's new farm bill, provid ing for more stringent production con trol of five major crops. Senator Pope. Democrat, of Idaho, Senate sponsor of the bill, said the committee action meant there was "virtually no prospect” that the legis lation would be enacted this session. The committee proposed to name a subcommittee of five to hold the hearings. At least one would be held in each of the five crop areas. Senators Pope, Capper, Republican, of Kansas, and Moore. Democrat, of New Jersey, were instructed to prepare a resolution for presentation to the Senate, authorizing the "roving com mittee of inquiry." Chairman Smith of the full com mittee was expected to name the sub committee as soon as the inquiry is authorized. Pope said hearings would be held in regions growing cotton, corn, wheat, tobacco and rice and probably would continue until mid-Winter. SCOTTISH RITE BUYS LOT FOR NEW HOME Planning to build a new home, the local Scottish Rite has purchased a lot on the west side of upper Sixteenth street, between the Italian Embassy and the Church of the Latter-Day Saints. The date for beginning con struction is Indefinite. The cost of the building will be kept “Inside of $500, 000," It was said today by John C. Wineman, chairman of the Building Committee. The Scottish Rite now has its tem ple at Third and E streets. This will be abandoned when the new building Is ready. Associated' with Wineman on the committee a^e Prank Stetson, Charles C. Coombs, Monle Sanger and Robert P. Smith. SticfanSH ^ INSTALLED COOL ENTIRE HOME G1CHNER NA. 4370 \ Frama Straightening ha ; 2020 M ST. 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