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KILLED BY ERROR
Prosecutor Discovers Exe cutions by Trotzkyists Were All a Mistake. Br th« Associated Press. MOSCOW. August 21—Andrei Vi •hinsky. chief Soviet Union prosecutor, has just discovered that many Russian peasants were executed live years ago because of a mistake by "Trotskyist enemies of the people,” The prosecutor condemned wholesale execution of peasants under a decree of August 7, 1932, for stealing grain from state farms. "Trotskyist enemies" tn the department of justice at that time, he said, applied the larceny of •tate property law "against the people” Instead of against the Kulaks, or rich peasants, for whom it was intended. Figures on the number of persons eonvicted and shot under the law never have been published, but they were believed to run into the hun dreds. Vishinsky denounced those who "sentenced people to death for missing •talks of grain in the cutting," and who, for example, "sent to trial a col lective farm woman with a large fam ily for stealing 5 pounds of vege tables." He particularly attacked one Pachu kanitch. former director of the Insti tute of Soviet Law. for severe interpre tation of the decree, which provided capital punishment for stealing from collective farms because they were held lo be state property. Vishinsky was not the public prose tutor at the time. Mrs. Mary K. Honn, 96, 400 Eighth street northeast, holds her great-great-grandson, Edward Coleman Dant, jr., born July 25, 1937. On her left is Mrs. Lucile Grace Dant, 21, 1629 Lyman place northeast, mother of the baby; Mrs. Grace Albert Brown, 43, 333 Eighth street northeast, grandmother of the baby, and Mrs■ Grace Mabel Knapp, 400 Eighth street northeast, great grandmother of the baby. —Star Staff Photo. Taxes (Continued From First Page.l would mean that if the business privi lege tax payer were to obtain in September the credit for the tangible tax payment, he would have to re ceive his tangible tax bill in time to hasten to Tax Collector Chatham M. Towers, pay the tangible bill, take the receipt to the assessor and get the credit for that on the business privilege bill and pay the latter, all before the close of business September SO. Waits Till Marrh Otherwise. If this were not possible, or not done, then the taxpayer would have to wait to March to get the tangible tax credit, when the second-half pay ments will be due. The alternative, which Allen is considering, is the ex tension of time for payment of the business privilege levy to October 31, as in the case of real estate, tangible and intangible property levies. The business privilege tax law pre scribes that persons engaged in busi ness. professions or other occupations, not specifically exempted, shall apply to the District for a license to con tinue business. The price will be $10. The applications must be made to the District Superintendent of Licenses. Wade Coombs, on or before October 18. The business privilege tax will be at the rate of 2s of 1 per cent of the total gross receipts taken in during the calendar year 1936, less a flat exemption of $2,000. Form of Return. The form of the return adopted by the Commissioners is as follows: i "Your books and records must be kept open for inspection at all busi ness hours of the day. '•Commissioners of the District of ' Columbia Office of the Assessor. I "Return on Oross Receipts. "Ns me .. Address_,._ Year Ended __ or for the period from_, 193.., to ... 193 . "Kind of business__ "Date business commenced. If busi ness was started after January 1, 1939. Gross Receipts. "Gross sales from merchandise. leas sales return $ __ "Receipts from services, interest, dividends and other sources 3_ Gross receipts _ _ _3 Less exemption .. 3 2,000 Taxable gross receipts 3 .... Tax at 25 of 1 per cent $_ Less tangible personal property tax paid for 1938 3 _ Amount of tax to be paid 3 "If rax for entire year is to be paid, bring personal property tax receipt for 1938. when presenting this statement. First half due___ Second half due_ _ Then follows the form of affidavit w'hich must be sworn to by the tax payers before a notary public. Separate Forms for Some. A separate form has been prepared for commission merchants, attorneys or other agents, since the tax rate would apply in their cases not to their "gross receipts.” but to the gross amounts of their commissions or gross fees. As to stock and bond brokers, also, the term gross receipts is de fined in the act to mean the gross amount of commissions or gross lees received, the gross trading profit on securities bought and sold, and the gross interest income on marginal ac counts from business done or arising in the District of Columbia. Also the act prescribes that the tax imposed shall be payable only on the gross commissions of any person engaged in the business of a broker or agent, and shall not be payable upon the funds of his principal, of which he is the mere "conduit.” Therefore, the second style of form asks for this information: 1. Commissions from sales or pur chase of goods, wares, merchandise or securities for others - t 2. Gross profits from sale of goods, wares, merchandise and securities for own investment - ( S. Gross receipts from services and interest on bank deposits, from bonds, notes, dividends or shares of stock 4. Gross profits from all other sources —— I Rules and regulations governing the operation of the business privilege law are yet to be drawn up for the Com missioners by the office of Corporation Counsel El wood H. Seal. The assess ing officials found they could not wait for preparation of all of these rules. Traffic < Continued From First Page.) Ing. After phoning for a mechanic. Waltman returned to the truck and started to climb into the bed of the machine. The driver, believing Walt man w s in and aafe, started the truck and passed over his body. Automobile Overturns. ' Mrs. Harrington was killed when the automobile in which she was riding overturned on a curve near Coston, Md., on the Pocomoke City Crisfleld Highway. William Ward of Crisfield suffered ■ severed ear in the crash, and four others, including Ward's wife, Grant Sterling, Newman Sterling and Gen evieve Mears, escaped injury. Another Maryland accident victim, Beachy was killed in front of Hill Top Inn on the National Highway, 3 miles east of Grantsville. Crossing the road, he stepped between two eastbound automobiles and was struck by a westbound car. State Officer Clavin F. Schleuter said the accident was unavoidable. He said Henry F. Durst of Grantsville was driving the car. An Inquest was set for tomor row night. The sixth victim. Barnard, died •arly yesterday of injuries he suffered when he lost control of his car and plunged down a 90-foot embankment to the Baltimore St Ohio tracks near Piedmont, W. Va. Woman Badly Hurt. •An unidentified white woman, about 47, was in a serious condition at Georgetown Hospital as a result of being struck by an automobile at River road and Brandywine street early to day. Hospital officials said she would give her name only as "Mrs. Stanford.” The automobile was said by police to have been driven by Huntley Na thaniel Ruff, 22. colored, of the 800 block of Twenty-first street. Ruff was being held at the eighth precinct sta tion, charged with reckless driving. The woman was said by hospital officials to be suffering from multiple fracture of the left arm. multiple bruises, deep cut on right side of head and possible skull fracture. A District coroner's jury, meanwhile, held Arthur Leith, 41. of the 4100 block of Thirteenth street northeast, for Police Court, action under the negligent homicide act in connection with the death Friday night of Paul J. Allen. 27. of 4206 Tenth street northeast. Leith was released from the twelfth precinct under *500 bond Three others were hurt in accidents here late yesterday. They were taken to Casualty Hospital. Edward S Cox. 32. of 3104 Monroe street northeast! suffered severe cuts and bruises when struck by an auto mobile just after stepping off a street car at Rhode Island avenue and Mon roe street northeast. The machine was operated by George E. Dant, 43. police reported. Mrs. Agnes C. Ready, 63, of 631 Eleventh street northeast, and Anna M. Graves, 36, of 1009 L street north east, suffered cuts to the head and arms and shock when the par in which they were riding was in collision with a truck at Fourth and K streets northeast. The truck was driven by John W. Bowie, 24, of 913 Eighth street southeast. i GOODYEAR WORKER TELLS OF WARNING Told Union Membership Was Dis loyal to Company, Employe Testifies. By the Associated Press. GARDEN, Ala., August 21.—A union witness testified today a division su perintendent of Goodyear Tire it Rub ber Co., here “told me I wasn't loyal to the company when I told him I was a member of the union.” The witness was F. H Deberry, member of the United Rubber Work ers of America, C. I. O. affiliate. Deberry was one of three persons called at a National Labor Relations Board hearing today who said they were discharged a few days after a group of union organizers were beaten at a downtown office building In June, 1936. Another was Mrs. Ruth Christopher, who said she was a sister of J. X. Fore men. one of the organizers from Ak ron. Ohio. The company Is charged in the labor board complaint with "terror ism" against U. R. W. A. members. This it has denied and has charged the ‘'terrorism" to the union. Deberry volunteered the statement about loyalty as he was being ques tioned by O. R. Hood, company coun sel, about an interview with N. A. Nelger. Deberry's division superin tendent. "Neiger told me I wasn't loyal to the company when I told him I was a member of the union,” Deberry said. All Were Reinstated. The witness related he was one of a group of men who were driven out of the plant’s tire room June *, 1936, by 12 or IS employes from other de partments. AH said they were rein stated in May and June oi 1937. In its answer, the company con tended the group—13 in all—was “driven out • • • on account of labor differences or quarrels between said named persons on the one part and a great number of other employes." The third witness today was L. R. 8tewart. On the stand only a short while before Examiner Walter Wilbur recessed the hearing for the week end. he merely said he was a member of the union and had been discharged the others and reinstated. in May 'of with the others and reinstated in May of this year. Hot-Water Heat Year Choice of Any ! Nationally Known Cast Iron Boiler Complete—Installed 1-TXAR GUARANTEE '< NO MONEY DOWN J YEARS TO PAY Wo Rare Alsslarc* In onr show room those seUtantlnc hoilort: American, National, Hart A Croaas, amt Utica. Wc also featnro the , Camel Oil Bnrner. ECONOMY COMPANY 906 10th St. N.W. Mr 2132 AMERICA'S FINEST PIANO VALUE FACTORY PROFIT-SHARING SALE DISCOUNTS THE PLACE TO FIND YOUR PIANO BARGAINS | /ZIhevennS L IlffT MOftVM »AUUt MTM, We take pleasure in announcing the removal of our practice from No. 812 F St. N.W. to our beautiful and spacious offices at 927 F St. N.W. Here we have installed the latest and most up-tp-date facili ties for the refracting of the eye, which, together with our 25 years of exclusive Optical experience, enables us to render distinctive and outstanding service to our many friends in Washington and sur rounding communities. First Quality Rimless Lsnsss Accurately Prescribed for Distance or Reading Vision Complete With Pink or Whitt Gold Filled Frames. SHAH OPTICAL CO. 927 F St. N.W. Kxdueiva Optical JULIUS LANSBURGH FURNITURE CO.-9Q9 F ST. N W. AUGUST FURNITURE SALE! Important Reductions Throughout the Store Any of These 18th Century Living Room Pieces at August Savings Illustrated Above $45 Wing Chair, 18th Century, down seat_$37.50 $39.75 Secretary, Governor Winthrop, mahogany or walnut veneers-_$29.75 $19.75 Occasional Chair, 18th Century, solid mahogany frame_$14.50 $19 Coffee Table, Chinese Chippendale, solid mahogany_$T2.95 $8.50 End Table, 18th Century, solid mahogany_$5.95 $5 Alabaster Base Lamp with genuine "lastex shade"_$3.95 $10 Ladder-back Chair, genuine mahogany, fiber seat_$7.95 Buy on “J. L.” Budget Plan! 2-Pc. Living Room Suite August Sale Price Regular price $175; specially reduced for this sale. Beauti fully carved frame with solid walnut base. 18th Century de sign . . . typical of the old masterpieces. Superb Lanstyle construction. Covered in gorgeous Rust Brocatelle. Com prises luxurious sofa and club chair to match. Convenient Terms Arranged Your Choice Inner-Spring Mattress or Box Spring Regularly S*| Comfort supreme . . . fine quality layer-felt inner-spring mattress and box springs to match ... covered in durable art tick. C»»v*»i*nt Terms Arrm/fd ^ fULIUS fANSBURGH Htftltlltc "■ K^sCPPtjpAHy Whtrt Most Smart AAA E CTDCCT U W Whtrt Mo*t Smort Ptoplt Shop. /U/ I d I KCC I ri#TT • Ptoplt Shop. a I 4-Pc. Colonial Design Mahogany £>» Bed Room Suite ® fixto'v $194 » pedal I Mm Built of select mahogany veneers and hard cabinet woods. Graceful pineapple posts . . . rich Colonial , design. Comprises poster bed, dresser, chest and Dun can Phyfe vanity. Specially priced during this sale. This Is our open stock bed room furniture—you can 1" add to your grouping at any time.