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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 25, 1937, Image 1

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WEATHER. -“
<TJ • Wretotr Bureau Forecast.)
Cloudy, probably occasional rain* to- S ^ I ^ The OIllV evening paper
night and tomorrow; continued cool; Mi_ n7.0v1i-rj.„„ -T
gentle northeast winds. Temperatures M I , » B^™ Washington With the
today—Highest, 69. at 2 p.m.; lowest, ■ ■ ■ ■ Associated PreSS NeWS
6mi ronton page b-». ._ and Wirephoto Services.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 18 ^ Yesterday’s Circolaiion, 135,495
- — - . — „ . — 1 .* (Some returna not ret received.)
85th YEAR. Xo. U,08i. SS'SS.VSiSSi.TS. WASHINGTON, D. C.. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1937-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. *** .. Pr... Tw0 5^TG_ '
CHINESE SLAUGHTER FOE
TRYING VAINLY TO LAND
42,000 IN WOOSUNG AREA
1
Hidden Mines and Machine
Guns Riddle Invaders—500
in One Party Drowned.
TWO JAPANESE W AR VESSELS
REPORTED SUNK IN YANGTZE
Defenders’ Fire Drives U. S. Destroyer
From Guard Post—Pacific Blockade
Declared by Tokio.
BACKGROUND—
Undeclared Chinese-Japanese war begun as result of clash of
armed forces near Peiping July 7 and spread to Shanghai after killing
of two Japanese there. Japan rushed marines and bluejackets to the
Chinese metropolis to protect Japanese nationals and property there,
while Chinese threw large bodies of provincial and national troops
around the city. Bombs falling within International Settlement 11 days
ago killed 1.403 Chinese and- foreigners, including three Americans.
Fourth American, sailor on the U. S. S. Augusta, died last Friday when
anti-aircraft shell of unknown origin hit the deck of the American
Asiatic Fleet flagship.
Full page of pictures of the Shanghai holocaust on Page A-7.
^^————.I
BY MORRIS J. HARRIS.
SHANGHAI, August 25 (fP).—The lives of hundreds of
Japanese soldiers were sacrificed today in a mass effort
to land desperately needed reinforcements and wipe out the
Chinese armies of Shanghai.
The city’s wily defenders took heavy toll of Japanese
landing parties, thwarting a Japanese plan to land 55,000
troops near Woosung and storm Shanghai’s defenses from
the rear.
Woosung is at the confluence of the Whangpoo and Yangtze
downriver 12 miles from the heart of Shanghai.
Closer in to the foreign areas, large Chinese land forces with
drew from the North Station area, near Hongkew, where they
have tried for days to push Japanese bluejackets back into the
Whangpoo. The action, however, was described by the Chinese
as “merely a tactical change in the front line.”
An estimated 42,000 Japanese still were on their ships and the
ranks of some that reached shore were riddled.
The Chinese allowed the new Japanese troops to tttfH what
seemed to be second defense lines, then exploded hidden mines and
virtually wiped out the invaders with sheets of fire from secret
machine gun nests.
Casualties Are Extremely Heavy.
Both sides admitted that casualties in the Woosung sector,
Where the battle front abruptly shifted, were extremely heavy.
The foreign residents of the heart of Shanghai were sur
rounded by the devastation of 13 days of war—$125,000,000 worth of
ruined property and at least 100,000 war dead and wounded.
Unconfirmed reports said Japanese troops had entered and
v nn v*a /I a C ATti a! aa<%a<«1a4a aoa fr^l> _ . i ^ _ j • a. a —
v»*v wxvv wiiuuiuw iivi v.. iiuo tuuouiaic, au,iacciit iu
Japan’s own consulate, was closed last week when war engulfed
the area.
Chinese asserted that two Japanese warships were sunk off
Tsungming Island today m the Yangtze River, Shanghai’s waterway
to the sea; that 500 of a Japanese landing party drowned at one
point alone.
A Chinese artillery bombardment on the water front north of
Shanghai, near where the Yangtze and Whangpoo Rivers meet,
drove the United States destroyer Parrott from where it was pro
tecting Texas Oil Co. plants off Gough Island.
A Japanese Army threat to attack Shanghai’s Nantao area, in
the Chinese city south of the International Settlement, threw
Nantao’s 200,000* inhabitants into turmoil.
Thousands struggled past blazing areas, set aflame by Japanese
Incendiary bombs, to seek refuge in the French concession.
The terrified natives found their way barred because the con
cession already is choked with Chinese refugees.
Japanese commanders declared the Chinese resistance in in
dustrial Pootung, across the river from Nantao, was cracking and
civilians were fleeing across the Whangpoo into the native area. If
the Chinese retreat in that direction, they said, the Japanese forces
will pursue them.
| Great fires raged in three sections of Shanghai, north, east and
south of the International Settlement. They were believed to have
added countless more victims to the war toll.
Japan’s third fleet, now in Chinese waters, stretched a blockade
along 800 miles of the coast against all Chinese shipping from a
point north of here to the extreme south of China.
Blockade in Force Immediately.
Vice Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa, commander-in-chief of the
third fleet, proclaimed the blockade immediately in force. He
exempted all except Chinese vessels. The blockade embraces the
lower Nangtze.
Clearing skies, after weeks of torrential rains, plunged North
ern Hopeh and Ohahar Provinces into a new burst of warfare.
There, dispatches said the Chinese were thrown again on the
defensive.
Japanese forces launched attacks southward from Tientsin
and Peiping and northward against the Nankow Pass and Kalgan,
Great Wall strongholds guarding the gateway to Mongolia.
gjggB.. incir swniKUi was uuimcicu uy an-'
i^fcraft and heavy armaments freed from
|Hthe mud, but the mire of the two prov- i
^Hnces still were obstacles to both sides. |
The fiercest fighting was at Nan
Hkow Pass. The dogged Chinese de
jHfenders apparently were holding ofT
^■both a Japanese frontal attack and
B " (BmCHINA, Page A-5.)
■CHINESE BOMB BLAMED
I FOR SHANGHAI DISASTER
H(t the Associated Press.
m SHANGHAI, August 25.—Interna
Btional investigators, after A careful in*
^Luiry, concluded today that projectiles
■which wrecked the Wing On and Sin
■rere department stores and pierced a
^Bunitcd States Navy warehouse Mon*
■day were dropped by a Chinese plane
^Bfrom a height of 15,000 feet,
j'^'j Apparently they were intended for
fHj&panese warships in the harbor.
IHThree Americans were wounded in the
Hdepsrtfflent store Holocaust and about
B400 Chinese were killed. The naval
^Bwarehouse projectile did not explode.
B Th« Investigators said three Japa
■sett planes were flying over Shanghai
Hat a much lower level at the time, but
§■ there was no evidence they had
Hipped bomba.
SUMHLli WLLLZij.
WELLES PARLEYS
ON CHINA LIKELY
Undersecretary of State
Going to Europe on
“Vacation.”
BY CONSTANTINE BROWN.
The departure of Undersecretary of
State Sumner Welles on a vacation
to France and Great Britain is con
sidered in diplomatic quarters as an
important political move on the part
of the administration.
Mr. Welles had decided to go on a
vacation to Europe several months
ago. The troubled international situ
ation, and especially the disturbing
developments in the Far East, com
pelled him to put off his departure
several times.
He left this morning on the Queen
Mary with the avowed intention of
spending a couple of weeks in England
and France.
Yesterday morning Mr. Welles called
on President Roosevelt to say good-by.
Will See Statesmen.
Washington diplomats, however, be
lieve the Undersecretary of State, a
trusted adviser of the President in
international affairs, is not going to
France and Great Britain merely to
see the Paris Exposition and the An
necy Lake. He will make the usual
“courtesy calls” on the leading British
and French statesmen and will discuss
with them the question of the Far
East, which has become one of the
most important and troublesome ques
tions for the foreign offices in London,
Washington and Paris.
A decided stiffening of the attitude
of the administration in the Sino
Japanese conflict was noticeable in
the last few days. This attitude
coincides with a crystallisation of
public opinion against Japanese meth
ods in the Far East.
Secretary Cordell Hull’s statement
to the press on Monday night urging
China and Japan to come to terms
on the basis of the principles enun
ciated by the Secretary of State on
< See-WELLES^ Page A-5J
RAIN WILL CONTINUE
THROUGH TOMORROW
Low Temperature Also Forecast
for Capital—Tropical Storm
North of Virgin Islands.
Washington housewives can keep the
extra blankets out and the umbrella
stand near the door because the wet,
cool spell is going to continue through
tomorrow, according to the weather
man.
Cloudy skies with occasional rain
today and tomorrow and the low
temperatures which today evoked an
order to local police to wear their
warm jackets were predicted.
The temperature at 10 o’clock this
morning was 66, which was also the
average for yesterday, when the high
point was 68 and the low 64.
Meanwhile vessels north of the
Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico were
warned of a small tropical disturbance
moving northwestward at about 12
miles per hour. The squall, said to be
centered about 80 miles north of St.
Martin at 1 a.m. today, was declared
to be of small diameter and small
intensity, but may cause a few sea
sick moments to the less hardy Dis
trict Naval Reserves on a training
cruise in those waters.
~ -1
SAH FALLS;
REBELS RULE ALL
NORTHWEST SPAIN
City’s Civil Guards Revolt,
Hastening Surrender to
Franco’s Men.
PRESIDENT OF BASQUES
ARRIVES ON FRENCH SOIL
Hundreds of Shells Pound Into
Madrid, Killing 10 in New
Bombardment.
BACKGROUND—
Drive upon Santander begun
nearly two weeks ago by forces of
Gen. Francisco Franco to wipe
out last vestige of Loyalist re
• sistance in North Spain and to re
lease insurgent troops employed
there for use against Madrid, Span
ish capital, which has withstood
siege since November. In Eastern
Spain rebel forces are attempting
to sever Madrid-Valencia com
munications and thus complete en
circlement of the capital.
Ey the Associated Press.
HENDAYE. Franco-Spanish fron
tier, August 25 —A flying column of
Insurgent Generalissimo Francisco
Franco's motorized cavalry drove into
fallen Santander today to plant the
red and gold Spanish insurgent ban
ner on public buildings. Fifteen
thousand government troops were
captured.
Entry of the conquering troops
came only a matter of minutes after
the insurgent high command an
nounced that government officials had
surrendered the city—the last impor
tant government seaport stronghold
on the northwest Spanish coast. Re
volt of Santander's civil guards and
other insurgent sympathizers hastened
the capitulation.
President Jose Antonio de Aguirre
and several other members of the
Basque government who found San
tander a refuge after the fall of Bilbao
arrived safely at Bayonne, France, just
before insurgent advance guards
entered the city.
British Ship Aids Refugees.
The British flotilla leader, Keith,
was evacuating a number of refugees,
including several remaining members
of the Basque government, to St. Jean
de Luz, France.
A column of Navarre Requetes
(Carlists) flooded into Torrelavega
during the night and early morning
and closed Barreda, Junction point on
the only road from Santander to
ward the last government refuge in
Northern 8pain, Oviedo Province.
Torrelavega lies 11 miles southwest
of Santander and Barreda 11 miles
west.
The “Navarras” found the impor
tant manufacturing and potash min
ing city defenseless and promptly
moved in behind three lumbering
tanks.
Franco’s communique said huge
stocks of oil were seized in Torre
lavega.
Franco Warns Neutrals.
SALAMANCA, Spain, August 25
l/P'.—Gen. Francisco Franco, the in
surgent chieftain, in a blunt com
munique apparently aimed at Great
Britain and other neutral powers,
threatened today to continue his
campaign against ships aiding the
Madrid-Valencia government.
“Nationals anxious about the pres
tige of their flags must be most in
terested to see that the seas are
cleared of this band of undesirables,’’
the communique said.
“All projects for neutrality are use
less if these nations passively leave
the door open for traffic in arms and
munitions by allowing their flags to
be used by persons lacking all
scruples.’’
Madrid Shelled Again.
MADRID, August 25 (A3).—Madrile
tios cleared away the debris of a brief
Out deadly artillery bombardment to
day while the newspaper El Socialists,
Drgan of the Socialist party, called for
1 Spanish government diplomatic "of
fensive” abroad.
Ten persons were reported killed
and 25 wounded in last night’s half
hour shelling, the first to Jilt the be
leaguered city for 18 days. Hundreds
of projectiles crashed into the center
of Madrid. Government guns returned
the insurgents’ fire.
Meanwhile, it was announced that
the University of Madrid, the campus
Df which has been one of the major
battlegrounds of the 13-month-old
civil war, would reopen in October,
provisionally merged with the Univer
sities of Valencia, Barcelona and
Murcia.
$700,000 IN DAMAGES
DEMANDED OF UNIONS
Seven Women Charge Expulsion
Offlcial Answers They Were
Only Suspended.
By the Associated Press.
ATLANTA August 25.—Suits asking
$700,000 in damages because of ex
pulsion from a C. I. O. union was
met today by a union official’s claim
that the seven plaintiffs were not ex
pelled, but merely suspended pending
trial.
The C. I. O., the Textile Workers’
Organizing Committee, the Interna
tional Ladies’ Garment Workers’
Union and five local and regional
officers of thege groups were made co
defendants in actions instituted yes
terday by seven women who said
they had been expelled without trial
from the I. L. G. W. tJ. and as a
result lost their jobs.
Mrs. Josephine Walden, business
manager of the I. L. O. W. U. local
and one of the defendants, said today
the petitioners had not been expelled.
She declined to detail the charges
on which she said they were awaiting
trial, but said they came under the
heading of “conduct unbecoming one
of our organisation.”
A
I
FOR D. C. HEALTH
Ruhland Seeks Increase of
54 Pet. to Cut Death
Rate.
BACKGROUND—
To meet budgetary requirements
of current fiscal year new and
higher taxes were levied on District
citizens Meanwhile, department
heads compiled tentative budgets
for next fiscal year. First budget
came from School Board, asking
SO per cent increase over current
appropriations. Board of Public
Welfare asked for 63 per cent in
crease.
BY DON S. WARREN.
Asserting that District fluids pro
vided in tile past for promotion of
public health have been “woefully in
adequate,” Health Offioer George C.
Ruhland today asked the Commis
sioners to approve 1939 estimates
amounting to $3,416,655, an increase
of 54 per cent over sums granted the
department for the present fiscal year.
Planning a wider attack on disease
all along the line, Dr. Ruhland pro
posed construction of a $450,000 medi
cal ward building at Gallinge. Hos
pital, construction of the second of a
series of health centers, or polyclinics,
and the erection of staff buildings at
the Glenn Dale, Md., tuberculosis
sanatoria.
Dr. Ruhland also requested in
creases in personnel for nearly all of
the divisions under his control, in
puift niwi UU Ul CApaiiOlUli
and reorganization of the department,
the total number of jobs proposed be
ing in excess of 200.
Cites Mortality Rate.
Insisting that good public health
can be purchased by liberal expendi
tures for a fight on disease. Dr. Ruh
land protested that the District mor
tality rates are deplorable and argued
the cause was a lack of sufficient
health funds.
He emphasized in justification for
his budget proposals that in the past
10 years the per capita expenditure
for health in the District has never
exceeded $1.09, and that for the pres
ent fiscal year it amounts to 97 cents
(See HEALTH, Page A-3.)
Married 85 Years.
BOMBAY, August 25 OF). — Sir
Temulji and Lady Nariman, both 90
years old, celebrated their eighty-fifth
wedding anniversary today. They
were married in 1852 at the age of 5,
when child marriages were common
in India. Sir Temulji is still in ac
tive practice as a doctor.
Officers Sent
To End Riot on
Bahamas Isle
14 Forced to Risk
Death to Flee
Terror.
By the Associated Press.
NASSAU, Bahamas, August 25—A
force of five constables, sent from
Nassau in response to a call for help,
sought today to restore peace to the
usually placid tropical isle of Great
Inagua, scene of six days of rioting.
The constabulary arrived yesterday
aboard the steamer Priscilla to restore
the King's law to the island where
rioting cost one life, extensive prop
erty damage and forced 14 persoiK,
including the British commissioner,
to flee to Cuba in a balky launch.
The constables, their commandant,
• commissioner and a wireless oper
ator, were dispatched last Thursday
when a wireless call for help was in
terrupted. With communications cut
ofT, it was not known until yesterday
when Arthur Symonette, Haitian Con
sul, boarded the Royal Netherlands
steamer Medea some distance from
the island, and sent a message, did
government officials learn the trouble.
14 BRAVE DEATH AT SEA.
Flee Terror of Natives on Great
Inagua Island.
MAYARI, Cuba, August 25 t/P>.—The
leader of 14 sea-buffeted fugitives
irom ureal magua island related
today how they escaped the terror
of a native uprising only to run the
risk of death by hunger and thirst
on the open sea.
Ironically, the group was suspected
by rural Cuban police of being revo
lutionists themselves because of the
arms they brought to land with them
in a disabled motor launch.
The 14 were ordered to trial today
at Santiago on charges of unlawful
possession of war materials.
All were said to be United States
citizens. Their leader, Dr. Dudley
Arthur, was described as an official
of the British Bahamas government.
They reached Cuba yesterday after
flve terrifying days at sea without
food or water.
The group carried a small arsenal,
police said, including two tear gas
guns and liquid for charging them,
several rifles, shotguns and pistols
and 500 cartridges.
Dr. Arthur, a physician and head
of the group, told a reporter they had
fled the island after he ordered the
arrest of a native accused of mis
treating a child.
Natives blamed Joseph and Douglas
Erickson, also among the fugitives, for
the arrest order, Dr. Arthur said, and
went to their home to kill them.
They did kill an Erickson employe,
he related, and then started rioting
over the island to wipe out all
"Yankees.”
MM IK 191
Indiana Senator Calls Ex
Governor a “Natural” for
Presidential Race.
BACKGROUND—
Speculation has been rife for
months about whether President
Roosevelt would run for third term,
but he has declined direct reply to
inquiries.
Indiana’s McNutt, World War
veteran and former national com
mander of American Legion, some
omnths ago was sent to Philip
pines as commissioner.
By the Associatec Press.
Senator Minton, Democrat, of In
diana predicted today that Paul V.
McNutt, American high commissioner
to the Philippines, will be nominated
by the Democrats in 1940 to succeed
President Roosevelt.
The Indiana Senator, a New Deal
stalwart, who Is close both to the
President and McNutt, said he did
not believe Mr. Roosevelt would run
for a third term.
Minton's eyes flashed as he enthused
in an interview over the former In
diana Governor’s availability, not only
from the standpoint of his record,
but also from a purely political stand
point.
’’He’s a natural,” he said. “He gave
Indiana the best administration In
diana ever had. He put more legis
lation on the books of Indiana for
labor and the farmer than anybody
ever did in the history of the State
and he demonstrated his executive
ability.
"He has acquaintances all over the
United States. There isn’t a cross road
that doesn’t have some one that
knows him.
‘He’s a great campaigner, too.
There isn’t a better one in the country.
"His views are substantially the
views of the New Deal.” *
McNutt has been frequently dis
cussed as a Democratic possibility in
1940. But Minton was the first of
his close associates to "nominate" him
so boldly.
When President Roosevelt sent Mc
Nutt to the Philippines, instead of
giving the former American Legion
commander a place in the cabinet, as
it had been reported he would, there
was speculation that the Chief Execu
tive wanted to remove him from the
political spotlight.
But McNutt’s friends expect that
he will return to this country well
in advance of the 1940 political cam
paign.
VAN NUYS ASSENTS.
Hoostor Senator Joins Minton in Nom
inating McNutt.
INDIANAPOLIS', August 25 ’JP).—
Senator Frederick van Nuys, Indiana’s
senior Senator, joined Senator Sher
man Minton today in indorsing Paul
V. McNutt,'high commissioner to the
Philippines, for the Democratic nomi
nation for President in 1940.
Van Nuys said he, like Minton, was
convinced "from conferences and other
sources of information,” that President
Roosevelt would not be a candidate
for a third term.
"Paul McNutt would make an ideal
candidate and an ideal President, and
I would be glad to ‘go right down the
line’ with him in 1940,” Van Nuys said.
"As my Senate colleague has pointed
out, Paul gave Indiana a great ad
ministration. He would be a perfect
candidate from a geographical stand
point and he has the training and
ability to make a great President.”
Indiana Democrats viewed the de
velopments as additional evidence the
presidential boom for their former
Governor is gaining Impetus.
ENGINEER DROWNED
Body In Canal Identified as
Everett D. Kern.
The body of a man identified as
Everett Deane Kern, 40, marine engi
neer for the Maritime Commission
and former naval officer, was found
In the Chesapeake Canal in the 4400
block of Canal road early this after
noon.
Kern left at his home, 2632 Wood
ley place, a note for his mother, Mrs.
Charles E. Kern, wife of a late news
paper man and lawyer here, and an
other note with his hat and coat on
the canal bank. The second note said
“there is no one to blame but myself”
and indicated his body would be found
in the canal. His wife and three
children are spending the Bummer in
Norfolk, Vs.
<
f
ROOSEVELT SIGNS
COURT BILL BITS
IT FORKS
“Field Calls for More Com
plete Exploration,” He
Declares.
“MODERATE ADVANCE”
CITED BY PRESIDENT
Relief of ‘‘Burden Now Imposed
on High Tribunal Is Ignored,”
He Holds.
BACKGROUND—
One of bitterest fights in Nation’s
political history was precipitated
last February by President Roose
velt when he proposed reorganiza
tion of Federal judiciary. Sugges
tion centered around changes in
Supreme Court.
Finally, Congress passed compro
mise bill, which does not affect
Supreme Court.
President Roosevelt today an
nounced his approval of the so-called
small-courts bill, but severely criti
cized its lack of provision for impor
tant judicial reform objectives he had
sought from Congress.
After signing the bill last night
Mr. Roosevelt prepared a statement
for the press, which said that while
the measure contains several provi
sions “which are definitely a step in
the right direction,” it “leaves entirely
untouched any method of relieving the
burden now imposed on the Supreme
Court.”
He declared the bill “registers a
moderate and limited advance into a
field which calls for further and more
complete exploration.”
Other Criticism of Bill.
Besides omitting to relieve the Su
preme Court’s Durden, the President
said, the bill is lacking in the follow
ing things:
“It provides no increase in the per
sonnel of the lower courts—an in
crease confessedly necessary.
“It provides no effective means of
assigning district judges to pressure
areas.
'It sets up no flexible machinery,
with methods of administration read
ily adaptible to needs as they arise.
“It leaves untouched the crowded
condition of the dockets in our lower
PAiirfs
“It provides lor no flow of new blood
to any of the Federal benches.
“It does not touch the problem of
aged and infirm judges who fail to
take advantage of the opportunity
afforded them to resign or retire on
full pay.
Commends Some Features.
The President asserted all of these
are objectives “which are of necessity
a part of any complete and rounded
plan for the reform of judicial
processes.”
On the other hand, the President
stated, the bill contains a number ot
commendable reforms which should
be of great value in improving the
work of the courts.
He pointed out that the measure
prorides that the Attorney General
shall be given notice of constitutional
questions involved in private litigation
and accords the Government the right
“to defend the constitutionality of the
law of the land."
Text of Statement.
The text of the President’s state
ment follows:
"On the fifth day of February I
brought to the attention of the Con
gress the necessity of a careful and
thorough-going reformation of our
judicial processes and submitted ten
tative plans outlining essential objec
tives.
These objectives, recognized as de
sirable by most of our citizens, were
predicated on the necessities of a great
and growing Nation. Many of us have
viewed with concern the widening
chasm between the people on the one
side and the courts and the bar on
the other—a chasm recognized and
deplored by many of our ablest and
most enlightened judges and lawyers.
It can hardly be doubted that our peo
ple are restive under the slow and
uncertain processes of the law.
“I spoke, therefore, for an upbuild
ing prooess, not only to preserve the
independence and integrity of the ju
diciary, but to reinforce It and
strengthen It as an essential and hon
ored part of our institutions.
“In effect, I spoke in behalf of the
American people in their desire for in
creased respect for, and confidence in,
speedy and fundamental justice as
represented by the Federal courts.
"We have wanted to bring to an
end a trying period during which it
has seemed that a veritable conspiracy
existed on the part of many of the
most gifted members of the legal pro
fession to take advantage of the tech
nicalities of the law and the conserv
atism of the courts to render meas
ures of social and economic reform
sterile or abortive. Because repre
sentative government, in order to suc
ceed, must act through the processes
of law, it is necessary for it to attain
a high degree of co-operation among
its three co-ordinate branches.
“In the light of the above, there
fore, let us examine H. R. 2260, which
io » mu aueciuaung certain changes
In judicial procedure. It contains
meritorious provisions and registers a
moderate and limited advance into a
Held which calls for further and more
complete exploration.
Supreme Court Untouched.
“On the side of omission, it leaves
entirely untouched any method of re
lieving the burden now Imposed on the
Supreme Court
“It provides no Increase in the per
sonnel of the lower courts—an increase
confessedly necessary.
"It protides no effective means of
(See COURT, Page A-3.)
Two Die in Blaze.
CHICAGO, August 25 {IP).—Two
young women were burned to death
and scores of other persons were res
cued early today when Are swept
through a three-story rooming house
on the South Side. The dead were
Miss Dorothy Kolt, 18. and Miss
Marlon Matas, 25.
t
A. P.4Foreign Legion* Braves
Death for Shanghai Photos
BY JAMES A. MILLS.
SHANGHAI, August 25 (JP).—
A steel-helmeted Associated
Press "Foreign Legion” Is light
the Shanghai war with speed
cameras and flash bulbs instead
ol guns and grenades.
Day and iUgfct a corps of As
sociated Praflpphotograpbers ol
a hall dcflp nationalities is
under OamIn Chinese and
Japanese was and in flame and
shell-scarela Shanghai The
“Foreign Legion” includes
American, British, Russian,
Chinese, Japanese and Turkish
cameramen.
On two occasions they wore
bullet-proo! vests and crawled
into skirmish aones.
The field stall sends hundreds
ol plates daily to the Shanghai
bureau office,' which speeds pic
tures to America by every pos
sible means.
Japanese troops virtually
banned foreign photographers
from key front line positions,
! *
but a Japanese cameraman
who came with me from Tokio
works alongside those from
Tokio newspapers. Behind
Chinese lines the Associated
press Chinese wing of the
“Foreign Legion” enjoys cordial
relations with the military.
When a Chinese bomb wrecked
the Cathay and Palace Hotels in
Nanking road, Associated Press
cameramen were there before
the debris quit falling.
(Their pictures are reproduced
in this issue of The Star.)
When a heavy projectile
crashed into the department
store section, an Associated
Press photographer was just a
block away.
In North China a similar
staff is recording Japanese and
Chinese troops in battle. What*
ever happens in this Shanghai
warfare, the Associated Press
“Foreign Legion” cameramen get
the pictures.
..;.. .
,1
Summary of Today’s Star
Page. Pa?e.
Comics --B-14-I5 Radio_A-6
Drama _B-16 Short Story.-A-19
Editorials ...A-l# Society_B-3
Finance .. .A-17 Sports ...A-13-16
Obituary ...A-12 Woman’s Pg. A-8
Lost* Found B-9
FOREIGN.
Chinese slaughter foe trying vainly
to land 42,000. Page A-l
100,000 Franco troops trap 50,000 Loy
alists in Santander. Page A-l
Japanese Army counters strong Chi
nese flanking movement. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
Welles expected to confer in Europe
on Far East. fe Page A-l
Minton sees McNutt as 1940 presiden
tial nominee. Page A-l
President signs court bill; issues crit
ical statement. Page A-l
President signs resolution on crop
legislation. % Page A-2
World peace hope seen only in trade
barrier elimination. Page A-2
Vice racketeering blamed in Chicago
slaying. Page A-2
Pensions totaling $4,000,000 to go to
65,000 retired trainmen. Page A-12
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
$3,416,655 asked by Ruhland to cut
District death rate. Page A-l
Washington woman $5,000 winner in
cigarette contest. Page A-2
Expanding Federal agencies arrange for
increased office space. Page B-l
D. C. Alley Dwelling Authority seeks
housing funds. Page B-l
W. P. A. marchers prepare to “break
camp" here. Page B-l

Colored janitor held for grand jury in
furnace-shaker murder. Page B-l
Bar examination results announced;
347 of 832 pass. Page B-5
Youth who found old gold in Baltimore
dies of pneumonia. Page B-8
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-10
This and That. Page A-10
Questions and Answers. Page A-10
Washington Observations. Page A-10
New Books at Random. Page A-10
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
R. R. Baukhage. Page A-ll
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-ll
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
Lemuel Parton. Page A-ll
SPORTS.
Gilbert may succeed O'Neill as Cleve
land manager. PageA-13
Griffmen as real champions of second
division. Page A-13
Giants face successive twin bills with
Cubs. Bucs. PageA-13
German invaders helping to boom
American tennis. PageA-14
Farr’s unorthodox style gives him
chance with Lewis. Page A-15
New names forging to front in amateur
golf. Page A-16
MISCELLANY.
Washington Wayside. Page A-2
Men's Fashions. Page B-0
Shipping.News. Page B-2
Vital Statistics. Page B-2
Traffic Convictions. Page B-2
Nature’s Children. Page B-7
Dorothy Dlx. Page B-*
Cross-Word Puxale. Page B-14
Bedtime Stories. Page B-14
Letter-Out. Page B-15
Winning Contract Page B-1I
A

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