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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 26, 1937, Image 1

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Envoy in Critical
Condition at
Immediate Probe Is
Ordered by
Undeclared Chinese war spread
to Shanghai 17 days ago as result
of killing of Japanese naval officer
and seaman at Hungjao airdrome
there. Japanese rushed warships
and troop reinforcements, while
Chinese threw large bodies of reg
ular troops around Shanghai and
into demilitarized zone. Four Amer
icans have lost their lives in the
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, August 26.—Interna
tional complications of the undeclared
Chinese-Japanese war increased omi
nously today as a Japanese war plane
Shot and seriously wounded the British
Ambassador to China and the Jap
anese Navy threatened to include
foreign shipping in its blockade of
China's coasts.
Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen,
the British envoy, was shot while
motoring from Nanking to Shanghai.
The Ambassador's party was traveling
in two motor cars, both flying large"
Union Jacks.
Fifty miles from Shanghai tWo
Japanese planes swooped down. The
first sprayed the two cars with ma
chine gun bullets. The second drop
ped bombs after the cars had stopped.
Attache Knocked Unconscious.
Lieut. Col. W. A. Lovat-Fraser,
military attache, was knocked un
conscious by a bomb explosion when
he alighted from his car, but was not
The Ambassador was hit at least
twice, in the left side and stomach.
An official British statement said there
was no doubt the planes that attacked
him were Japanese. He was rushed to
the Country Hospital in Shanghai’s
International Settlement, where sur
geons found a bullet had broken his
back, but left the spinal cord intact.
They said his condition was ex
ceedingly critical and that he might
not recover.
Soon after the Ambassador’s arri
val at the hospital he was given blood
transfusions and appeared to rally
somewhat. The doctors said it was
impossible to extract the bullets to
night because of the patient’s weak
ened condition
Japan Investigating.
Vice Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa,
commanding Japanese naval forces at
Shanghai, ordered an investigation of
the shooting and called on Admiral
Sir Charles Little, commander in
chief of the British China squadron,
to inform him of the action.
The donor of the blood for the
transfusion was H. A. Thomson of
Mountain View, Calif., pharmacist’s
mate, third class, in the United States
Navy, attached to the hospital of the
4th Regiment of Marines.
High Japanese officials showed grave
concern over the condition of the Am
Koki Hirota, foreign minister, in
structed Shigeru Kawagoe, Japanese
Ambassador to China, to extend
Japan's warmest sympathy to the
wounded envoy.
Japanese Ensign Visible.
Sir Hughe's chauffeur said the at
tacking plane flew so low that the
Japanese ensign on its wings was
clearly visible and that the flyer must
have been able to see the British flags.
As soon as it was evident that the
planes were chasing the automobile
(See ENVOY, Page A-3.)
Will Return to Take Supreme
Court S£at October 4.
Hugo Black, new associate justice of
the Supreme Court, plans to leave
In a few days for a European vaca
He will return late in September in
time to take his seat on the bench
when the court meets October 4 for
the beginning of its new term.
; Roosevelt Bars
G-Merts Pursuit
In Fowl Thefts
President Roosevelt has saved O
men from pursuing stolen chickens,
pigs, mules and other domestic ani
mals across state lines.
He vetoed today a bill which would
fcave made minor thefts of cattle and
fowl a Federal offense, pointing out
that the bill was too broad and would
have extended Federal jurisdiction too
The measure would have made it a
Federal crime to transport in interstate
commerce any stolen cow, hog, sheep,
horse, donkey or rooster, and also would
have outlawed transportation across
State lines of the carcass or hide of
any such animal.
The President said' the measure
would bring within Federal scope “nu
merous offenses of the petty larceny
type” and he argued such cases should
be continued to be handled by local
authorities. He added that the na
tional stolen property act has juris
diction in cattle and poultry depreda
tions involving (5,000 or acre and
suggested he might approve a' reduc
tion to some extent of the afeataum
Jurisdictional amount provided in that

* ’ "f
Application of Neutrality Act
May Be Determined by
Japan’s Stand.
By the Associated Press.
The possibility became apparent to
day that any extensive Japanese
blockade of the China coast may In
fluence vitally President Roosevelt';
decision on whether to apply the neu
trality act to the undeclared war ol
the Far East.
Informed persons said blockade in
terference with foreign shipping to
China could be recognised by neutral
governments as legal evidence that
war existed.
Thus far the American Government
has taken no action toward Invocation
of the neutrality act. apparently hold
ing the official position that despite
all the fighting war is not legally un
der way.
When asked about the matter at a
press conference some days ago Presi
dent Roosevelt said Japan and China
had not formally broken off diplo
matic relations. Only this week Sec
retary Hull in a public statement
asked the two nations not to have re
course to war to settle their differ
The Secretary of State and the
President arranged to go over de
velopments in the East at a luncheon
conference. Informed opinion was
that their discussions would deal with
these developments largely in the light
of international law.
Blockade Presents Problem.
Two developments stood forth as of
paramount importance:
First. Japan's proclamation yester
day of an 800-mile blockade of the
Chinese coast as applied to Chinese
shipping only and a Japanese Navy
spokesman’s statement today that
warships patrolling may halt foreign
Second, the wounding of the British
Ambassador, Sir Hughe Knatchbull
Hugessen, by gun fire, reportedly from
Japanese airplanes, while he was
motoring from Nanking to Shanghai.
Secretary Hull said at his press con
ference this Government was seeking
to assemble speedily all official facts
about the reported blockade threat.
He described as "extremely regret
table and unfortunate” the wounding
of Sir Hughe, and he said he had
received no comment from either
Japan or China concerning his state
ment Monday in which he reasserted
America’s urgent plea for hostilities to
News dispatches ffrom Japan said
Premier Prince Fumimaro said Japan
“does not attach much Importance” to
American and British efforts to halt
the conflict.
No Official Notification.
Neither from Japan nor from Amer
ican consular officials, Hull said, has
the State Department received any no
tification of blockade orders. Ameri
can consular officials have conveyed
to him press reports on the subject
current in Shanghai, but he said in
formation thus gained was the same as
that carried in the American press.
Asked whether it was not true that
under international law a blockade
would be legal only In event of a formal
declaration of war, Hull said he was
not attempting to answer this legal
The American Government, he de
clared, so far has no additional rep
resentations to make in appealing to
China and Japan to cease hostilities.
He added he knew of nothing more
this Government could do other than
it has done tovurge peaceful negotia
tions and to evacuate its nationals
from Shanghai.
Trade Infect Studied.
While the State Department studied
Sino-Japanese developments carefully
with a view to their general Interna
tional significance the Agriculture De
partment looked them over for their
effect on trade and reported the con
flict probably would upset the cotton
textile Industry in both China and
Ickes Hints Plan to Halt Ex
penditures in Vicinity of
Gobel Plant.
For many months controversy
has waged over plans of meat
packing firm to construct slaughter
house in Banning district of Cap
Permit finally was granted after
company changed specifications,'
but effort then was made to block
work by legislation. Regulatory
measure fatted of passage as com
pany made conflicting statements
about intention, finally insisted it
would go on with project.
A threat by Secretary Ickes “to
curtail further expenditures” for park
and recreational improvements in
the area of northeast Washington that
would be affected adversely by the
Benning slaughter house, came as
a surprise move today in the fight
he has led from the outset against
the Adolf Gobel Co.
He indicated, in an official mem
orandum, that he was opposed to
continued investment of public funds
in that section because of "the de
terioration of property values in
northeast Washington” which he
claimed would result from operation
of the ®obel slaughter house. The
memorandum was sent to the Nation
al Capital Parks office and called for
a report "at once” on contemplated
In his absence today, officials re
called that the Interior Secretary
four months ago, had warned resi
dents of the section that the “noisome
effect” of a stockyard district at
one of the main East gateways to
the Capital would serve to "blight”
(See ABATTOIR, Page A-5.)
► -
Further Data Arc
Awaited by
Compete Reports
Are Given to
King George.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, August 26,—The British
government announced tonight it was
preparing to deal "appropriately”
with the Japanese government on the
wounding, by Japanese flyers, of
British Ambassador Sir Hughe
Knatchbull-Hugessen near Shanghai.
This "appropriate action” will be
taken as soon as his majesty's gov
ernment obtains "further information"
on the grave international incident.
That was the gist of a foreign office
communique issued after Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden had returned
to his deck from a holiday to take
charge of the situation.
Eden was described authoritatively
as having taken the air raid incident
under "very, grave consideration."
Complete reports of the affair were
taken before King George VI.
Authorized spokesmen said there
was no doubt the attacking planes
were Japanese.
Eden, informed sources indicated,
would act immediately in protest—but
they did not venture an opinion on
what form this protest might take.
These same sources pointed out that
King George V, the present sovereign's
father, always considered it a personal
affront if any slight or injury befell
one of his representatives.
It was pointed out that Great Brit
ain now has 9.000 troops in China
proper and two additional battalions,
representing 2,000 men. standing by
in Hong Kong.
It is understood that some of the
troops in India are prepared to leave
for China on short notice.
Maj. Gen. Shigeo Fujii, Chief oi
Armies North of Great Wall,
Believed Sniper Victim
Er the Associated Press.
TOKIO. August 26—The Dome)
(Japanese) News Agency reported to
day that Maj. Gen. Shigeo Fujii,
commander in chief of the combined
Japanese and Manchukuo armies
north of the Great Wall, had been
killed in action by Chinese snipers.
Domei dispatches said that the
Japanese advance had reached a
‘‘certain point” on the Northeastern
border of China. Gen.' Fujii was
killed while on a scouting mission.
Previous dispatches had variously
reported that the column had pene
trated far into China, was about to
capture Kalgan or had already cap
tured the key city 100 miles northwest
of Peiping.
Schwab Reported Improved.
NEW YORK, August 26 (/P).—
Charles M. Schwab, chairman of the
board of Bethlehem Steel Corp., who
entered Doctors’ Hospital last Satur
day for a complete rest, has recovered
his strength, hospital authorities said,
and expected to return to his home
The industrailist, who is 75 years
old, entered the institution to re
cuperate from effects of the recent
heat wave. The authorities said he
was "getting along very well.”
Sir Hughe Knatchtull-Hugessen, the British Ambassador to
China, who was seriously wounded when an auto in which he
was riding was sprayed by machine gun bullets from Japanese
war planes. The Ambassador is shown in the recent photo with
Gen. Yu Han-mou, in charge of the defense of China’s southern
coast.__—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Summary of Today’s Star
Page. Pa»e.
Comics —C-1S-U Radio -B-18
Drama _C-4-5 Short Story—C-l*
Editorials —A-l# Society_B-S
Finance — _A-17 Sports —.C-l-2-3
Obituary ...A-12 Woman's Pg. B-18
Lost & Found C-5
London to act “appropriately” on
shooting of envoy. Page A-l
British Ambassador wounded by Jap
anese planes. Page A-l
Japanese spurn Anglo-U. S. peace pro
posals. Page A-3
Official reports of China blockade are
awaited. Page A-S
Japanese planes battle Chinese flank
ing movement. Page A-4
Roosevelt meets with Hull; sees cabi
net later. Page A-2
Troops of Franco enter 8antander;
35,000 of foe trapped. Page A-l
Cuba will try 14 who fled Great
Inagua Isle terror. Page A-2
Railroad strike September 6 is voted
at Chicago. Page A-l
King sees Bailey, Clark and Byrd as
presidential timber. Page A-l
McGrady resignation not yet submit
ted to Roosevelt. Page A-2
A. F. of L. council tackles troublesome
waterfront situation. Page A-5
President signs measure to close tax
loopholes. Page A-9
Park development near slaughter
house imperiled. Page A-l
Chicagoan is elected by Numismatic
Association. Page A-2
Veteran policeman suspended on in
toxication charges. Page A-14
Three new Health Institute buildings
planned. Page B-l
Next Congress due to act on U. 8.
salaries. Page B-l
~ 4
Capital No. 1 attraction for motorists.
survey shows. Page B-l
Study of Federal court operation in
District under way. Page B-l
Middles land, report "fine trip" to
Europe. Page B-6
Federal bonds down (table).
Page A-17
Clearings hold above 1938. Page A-17
Norfolk Southern plan filed. Page A-17
Stock go down (table). PageA-18
Pennsy reports lower net. Page A-19
Editorials. Page A-10
This and That. Page A-10
Questions and Answers. Page A-10
Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-10
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
H. R. Baukhage. Page A-ll
Mark Sullivan. Page A-ll
Jay Franklin. Page A-ll
Delia Pynchon. Page A-ll
Brition is only expert to pick Ban
over Louis. PageC-1
Favorites advance in play for amateur
golf title. Page C-l
Nationals’ drive for fifth place now
appears futile. PageC-2
Dorais finds Job of coaching all-stars
is bewildering. PageC-3
Capital golfers engaged in battles for
club honors. Page C-S
Washington Wayside. Page A-2
Shipping News. Page B-10
Vital Statistics. Page B-10
Traffic Convictions. Page B-10
Nature’s Children. Page B-20
AfteV Dark. Page B-9
Betsy Caswell. Page B-10
Dorothy Dix. Page B-10
Cross-Word Pussle. Page c-10
Bedtime Stories. Page c-10
Letter-Out. Page c-Il
Winning Contract. Page C-ll
City Mows in Briof. Fags B-10
- - .
Columns Ride Proudly Into
City—25,000 of Foe
Capture of Santander by Span
ish insurgents was announced yes
terday after a campaign of nearly
two weeks to "mop up" Northern
Spain in order to permit Gen.
Francisco Franco to concentrate all
his forces on Madrid, which has
withstood siege for more than nine
months. March of rebels toward
Santander met only sporadic re
sistance from its loyalist defenders.
By the Associated Press.
HENDAYE. Franco-Spanish Border,
August 26.—Insurgent columns rode
proudly into Santander today in formal
occupation of the government’s last
important city on the Northwest Span
ish coastal ledge.
The city was hung with the red and
gold flags of Spain's insurgency. The
streets were Jammed with cheering
Santanderese. Formal occupation
came at 11:45 a.m.
Insurgent sources estimated that
about half of the Spanish govern
ment’s defeated army of some 50,000
was caught in a 15-mile square trap in
the rolling country southeast of San
tander, still unaware that “the City
of Perpetual Spring” had capitulated.
The defense of the Biscayan seaport
had been shattered by 12 days of swift
thrusts by Generalissimo Franco's far
superior war machine—a defeat that
may decide Spain's 13-month-old civil
Tales of anarchist terror in the con
quered city, of thirst and hunger, of
pillage and shooting In the streets,
reached the French shores of the Bay
of Biscay.
Fleeing men, women and children
streamed into France on any craft
that could carry them over the water.
The sea was the only exist from San
tander. And even there Franco’s navy
was on patrol. Hundreds of refugees
jammed int j rowboats, using sheets for
sails and boards for oars, to make
their escape.
While Franco’s advance guard wait
ed today for the command to occupy
Santander, supporting columns oc
cupied Ramales and Ampuero to com
plete encirclement of those parts of
the government army that had not
already surrendered or fled to the
west before the insurgents plugged
the route to Ovideo province.
15,000 Surrendered.
Fifteen thousand government mi
litiamen had surrendered in Santan
der, Insurgent headquarters said.
Gen. Fidel Davila, Franco's aide
for the Santander drive, pushed his
lines east and west of Santander, an
official communique said, leaving the
capital in the grip of a brigade of
Navarre Requetes (Carllsts) and po
lice troops until the Italian Black
Arrow Brigade could Join the tri
umphal march into the city. The
Black Arrows were marching west
from Santona.
The communique called yesterday’s
operations a “successful conclusion"
to the Santander campaign, “leav
ing the enemy without recourse ex
cept to submit to discreet surrender.”
Blackshirts Are Jubilant.
ROME, August 36 UP).—News of the
Spanish insurgents capturing Santan
der, published here late last night,
started Fascist Blackshirts on a ju
bilant celebration.
There were “vivas” for H Duce and
the Legionnaires in Spain.
Blackshirts and Fascist youth or
ganizations were summoned to their
headquarters to listen to radio broad
casts telling of the insurgent victory.
Loyalists Push Offensive.
VALENCIA, August 36 OP).—Gov
ernment trope pushed a tremendous
offensive today on the Aragon front
of Northeastern Spain.
A government spearhead was thrust
into Generalissimo Francisco Franco’s
lines 35 miles southeast of Zaragoza,
where the town of Quin to, long held
by the Insurgents on the Zaragoza
Valencia road, was occupied by
Madrid-Valencia troops.
The government drive also brought
capture of Todo, another insurgent
held town. The Madrid-Valencia
regime threw its crack troops, fresh
from lighting wsst of Madrid in the
Brunets sector, into its furious sast
am drive.
Louis and Farr
Are Rained Out;
Fight Monday
Bt the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, August 26. — The
heavyweight championship fight be
tween Joe Louis and Tommy Farr,
scheduled for tonight, was postponed
until Monday night because of rain.
The four-day postponement was an
nounced by Promoter Mike Jacobs
shortly after the rival fighters weighed
in, at the offices of the State Athletic
The Welsh challenger had a nine
pound advantage on the scales, weigh
ing 207 to 198 for Louis.
Because of the length of the post
ponement, the fighters will be obliged
to go through the official weighing-ln
and examination ceremony again, on
Both fighters decided to return to
their camps, Farr to Long Branch,
N. J., and Louis to Pompton Lakes,
N. J., for light workouts.
Laundry Errand Boy Calls
Police—Robbery Three
Weeks Ago Admitted.
A colored bandit, who told police he
robbed the Elite Laundry branch at
110 Florida avenue three weeks ago
after binding the wrists and ankles
of the manager with tire tape, was
captured in a second robbery attempt
this afternoon after a 12-year-old
errand boy called police.
The man entered the store today,
brandished a revolver and com
manded Mrs. Virginia Darne. the
manager who was sitting behind the
counter, to lie on the floor, police
were told.
He locked the front door after he
forced Mrs. Darne to crawl back to
her pocketbook on a table and get him
the key, she reported.
He then bound her wrists and ankles
with tape and rifled the cash drawer
of about *20, overlooking *15 in a
desk drawer nearby, she said.
Meanwhile. Kenneth Wilson, col
ored errand boy for the laundry, tried
to enter the store. Finding the door
locked, he went to his home, next
door, where his mother called police.
Mrs. Darne said the man rushed to
the rear of the shop when police
started breaking in at the front, but
failed to find the rear exit.
When the police squad, led by Lieut.
Clarence Lutz, forced its way in, the
bandit said, "Well, I guess they’ve got
me now,” Mrs. Dame said.
"It serves you right,” Mrs. Dames
The man did not resist arrest, sur
rendering his gun willingly to the
officers, they reported.
At the second precinct, where he was
booked for investigation, he gave his
name as Frank Parr, 24, of the 400
block of M street northeast. Sergt.
Walter Beck said Parr admitted he
was the same bandit who held up the
branch August 3, when he bound Miss
Nora Herring, manager of the store at
that time, with tire tape and forced
her to lie on the floor in the back of
the shop. That time the store was
robbed of *21.
Legion Man Continues Slowly
Down Hudson After Beaten
Back by Tide.
Br the Auocleted Press.
KINGSTON, N. Y„ August 26.—
Twice beaten back by incoming tides,
Charles Zlmmy, 46-year-old legless
swimmer, neared the halfway mark
today on his attempted non-stop Al
bany-to-New York swim;
Three days after slipping, grease
plastered, into the chill waters of the
Hudson River at Albany Monday night
Zlmmy passed Saugerties for the sec
ond time last night and continued
slowly down the river*
He reached there yesterday morn
ing, but heavy tides caught him and
carried him six miles upstream toward
Catskill before he could begin again
to make headway. He lost another
mile to the river on his Brst day out,
only a few miles south of Albany.
Utahan Sees Byrd, Bailey
and Clark as Presidential
A proposal from Senator King,
Democrat, of Utah that the 1940
Democratic presidential candidate be
a man from outside the New Deal's
inner circle emphasized today the
fundamental split within the party.
King said the nominee should be
some one like Senators Byrd of Vir
ginia, Clark of Missouri or Bailey of
North Carolina. He asserted he could
not “second the nomination” by Sen
ator Minton, Democrat, of Indiana
of Paul V. McNutt.
King was one of the leading oppo
nents of the Roosevelt court bill and
the three Senators he named also
were opposed to the measure as well
as many other New Deal proposals.
McNutt, former Indiana Governor
and now American high commissioner
to the Philippines, is described by his
friends as seeing eye-to-eye with the
New Deal. In Manila he refused to
comment today on the statement by
Minton and a similar expression by
Senator Van Nuys of Indiana.
"Too Early,’’ Says King.
King said it was “too early” to pick
the Democratic nominee, but added:
“I feel sure that the candidate will
not be communistic or radical, but
will be a genuine Democrat who will
defend the Constitution and maintain
Democratic institutions.’’
At the same time, King discounted
the possibility of a permanent split
within the Democratic party, forecast
ing it would “Continue as the progres
sive and liberal party of our country.”
King’s statement came on top of
an assertion by Majority Leader
Barkley, that the Democratic party
had beaten ofT “attempts to divide or
weaken It,” and a “no reprisal” edict
from Democratic Chairman Parley.
“You never get anywhere in politics
trying to get even,” Parley asserted in
his first press conference since return
ing to Washington from a tour of al
most every State east of the Mis
"It’s Up to Voters.”
Those who opposed the administra
tion “will have difficulty explaining
it to the voters back home,” Parley
declared, although he said “it is up
to the voters of the States whether
they approve or disapprove the acts of
their present legislators.”
Replying to questions concerning
the conflict between his own peaceful
views and the reprisal sentiments of
Senator Guffey of Pennsylvania, re
signed chairman of the Senate Demo
cratic Campaign Committee, Parley
asserted ‘‘every member of the Senate
has the right to express himself on
any subject as he sees fit,”
Scouts G. O. P. CUims.
Parley characterized as "silly” the
forecast by Republican Chairman
John D. M. Hamilton that the Re
publicans would gain in next year’s
Congressional elections—“just as silly
as the other statements made from
the day when Mr. Hamilton was
elected Republican chairman.”
The Postmaster General promised
“you’ll know all about it, if, as and
when” he might decide to forsake
public office for a lucrative position
in the business world.
Parley discussed only briefly the
controversial issue of the 1936 Demo
cratic campaign books and said their
sale was concluded before House Re
publican Leader Snell introduced a
resolution to investigate it.
Barkley's statement that “there has
been no breakdown in the President’s
leadership, nor in the ability of the
Democratic party to work out the Na
tion’s great economic and social prob
lems under that leadership” was re
leased after he departed for Europe.
Defending the administration’s leg
islative record from January to Au
gust, Barkley contended the Supreme
Court fight obscured other accom
plishments and predicted that unfin
ished New Deal measures would be
given early attention at the next
He avoided any comment on whether
a special session is to be called be
fore January.
Wage-Hoar Legislation.
Referring to the President’s rec
ommendation for wage and hour leg
islation, which was left pending in
the House, Barkley said, "It would
have been desirable' to finish this
task at the recent session. But the
pledges of a single campaign can
not all be fulfilled in one session of
Brotherhood President An
nounces Decision to Sup
port Wage Demands.
Whitney, However, Declare*
There Will Be No “Automatic”
30-Day Postponement.
Representatives of railroad broth
erhoods and a committee of 15, act
ing lor 85 major railroads, yester
day ended three weeks of confer
ences, with the operators flatly re
jecting the unions’ petition for a
20 per cent wage hike. At that
time union spokesmen said a strike
call had been sanctioned by 97 per
cent of the workers in event satis
factory adjustment was not ob
By the Associated Press.
CLEVELAND, August 26.—A. T.
Whitney, president of the Brotherhood
of Railroad Trainmen, announced
today that committees representing
five railway brotherhoods had author
ized a strike for September 6 to sup
port demands for a general 20 per cent
wage increase.
Whitney said the committees, carry
ing on negotiations at Chicago, set
6 a.m. of September 6 as the time for
members of the brotherhoods to begin
leaving their jobs.
The organizations involved, he added,
are the Trainmen, the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers, the Brother
hood of Locomotive Enginemen and
Firemen, the Switchmen’s Union of
North America and the Order of Rail
way Conductors.
The membership of the groups totals
approximately 250,000 men, Whitney
The Nation is to be divided into
four zones, Whitney added, with eacV
walking out on a different day—/iAia
strike to become entirely effective by
Septembe - 9. I
Details as to the zone boundaries,
he said, are to be worked out today.
Broadly, they should be the Eastern,
Northwestern, Southwestern and
Southern sections.
Federal mediation, which may h«
requested by either side in the dispute,
would automatically postpone tha
strike for 30 days. The National
Mediation Board, failing to arbitrate
the dispute, may request the Presi
dent to create an emergency arbitra
tion committee, which must report
within 30 days. Neither side may
take action until a 30-day period
has elapsed after its decision.
“I received word of the hour and
date for the start of the strike from
my Chicago office,” Whitney ex
plained. “All our representative*
there are in agreement.
“We are now talcing care of tha
details of the strike here and instruc*
tions will be sent out in circular form
later today.”
Concerning possible Federal media
tion, Whitney said the committees
would have to take such a step under
consideration and that there would
be no “automatic” 30-day delay as a
result of such intervention.
High Humidity Persists Here*
Normal Temperatures Slowly
More rain was forecast today, along
with a return to normal temperatures,
as flooded roads and rising rivers were
reported from various sections of
Maryland following a week of chilly,
rainy weather.
Washingtonians awoke this morning
to a foggy drizzle with the humidity
only one point under 100 per cent
saturation. The humidity has hovered
between 95 and 99 for the last several
mornings. Showers were forecast fo»
tonight and tomorrow.
The Potomac River at Cumberland
has risen more than four feet in the
last 24 hours and the level was still
mounting this morning. A few roads
were under water there and in Anne
Arundel County, but damage was
slight and none of the primary high*
ways were closed.
Annapolis reported that 25 tele*
phones had been put out of commis*
slon by the torrential rains. Reports
from various sections of Maryland said
the sun was breaking through the
clouds for the first time since the
general rains began Sunday.
Several days of cool weather ended
this morning with the mercury at 78
degrees, only one point below normal,
Yesterday, however, Washington, with
a minimum of 84, was one of the
coolest cities in the country.
The downpour which persisted most
of yesterday and slackened last nigh^
accounted for an Inch and thr«KJ0Hra|
ters of precipitation.
Catholics in Mexico
Structure Be
JALAPA, Vera Cruz State,
August 26 UP).—Several Catholic
shipers who demanded the reopening
of a church in the town of Jalacinge
were reported today to have been In
jured in a clash with municipal
The Mayor was said to have been
beaten severely by the angered crowd.
The throng overpowered authorities
it was said, and took possession of th4
Other advices lacking confirmation
were that several worshipers had beta
killed in the clash which took plaes

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