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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 17, 1937, Image 1

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WEATHER. -
(D. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast )
nigM'Snlr„“h.m0Si.^m!5 I * . The only evening paper
variable. Temperatures today—Highest. M ill Washington with the
am.* temperature at^sTpja.f^W.** 1 1.1 1 1/ Associated PreSS NeWS
fuii report on page A-i9. j I ■ jLy and Wirephoto Services.
--Ci0>1Dg N Y- M*rket*—Sale>—Page 18 ^ J Ywterday’* Circulation, 139,905
;
CHINESE PROTEST
I). S. RESTRICTION
OF ARMSSHIPPING
Ambassador Wang Presents
Formal Objections to
Secretary Hull.
ROOSEVELT’S ACTION
IS HELD AID TO JAPAN
Nanking's Reliance Upon Imports
of War Materials Is Cited
to State Department.
BACKGROUND—
Throughout development of Sino
Japanese crisis President Roosevelt
has repeated intention to keep the
United States out of the Far East
ern conflict. Invocation of neu
trally act carefully avoided, but Mr.
Roosevelt recently forbade Amer
ican Government-owned merchant
vessels to carry arms to Far East,
and warned private vessels that
they continued to do so at their own
arisk. S. S. Wichita, carrying 19
bombing planes to China, stopped
at San Pedro yesterday to disgorge
its war cargo.
Other Sino-Japanese war news to
be found and pages A-4 and. A-5.
By the Associated Press.
Chinese Ambassador C. T. Wang
protested formally to Secretary Hull
today against President Roosevelt's
partial embargo of arms shipments to
the Pay Eastern war zone.
The envoy expressed to the Secretary
of State on behalf of his government
Its disappointment over the action
which, Chinese officials claim, benefits
Japan indirectly and inflicts direct
damage on China.
The presidential order forbids mer
chant ships owned by the Government
to transport arms, munitions and im
plements of war to either China or
Japan because of the undeclared war
now raging between them.
Private Ships Warned^
The presidential order also warned
all other American merchant ships
that they proceed at their own risk
if they attempt to transport such
cargoes to the Par East.
China’s objection is based on the
fact that that government must rely
on foreign imports for most of its
war materials, while Japan is able
quantities.
In announcing at his press confer
ence that he had received Ambassa
dor Wang’s protest, Hull said he had
replied to the envoy that the Presi
dent’s action is a Government order
which speaks for itself.
Wang left the State Department
after a half-hour conference with the
Secretary obviously laboring under a
nervous strain.
Dissatisfaction Widespread.
A Chinese Embassy spokesman re
ported a communication from Nanking
said there was “widespread dissatis
t faction and indignation over this in
direct help to Japan and direct dam
age to China."
The Embassy spokesman, referring
to the unloading of 19 planes from
the Wichita yesterday, charged the
ship is now going to Japan with a
cargo of scrap iron.
NANKING REACTION BITTER.
Arms Ban “Not Impartiality,” Says
Foreign Office Spokesman.
NANKING, September 17 UP).—The
Chinese government was disclosed to
day to have protested officially to the
United States against the Government
embargo on arms to the Orient, charg
ing it was unfair treatment of China.
Dr. C. T. Wang, the Chinese Ambas
sador to Washington expressed the
bitter reaction of the Chinese govern
ment to the United States State De
partment.
(In Tokio a foreign office spokes
man said of the partial arms em
bargo: “The Roosevelt munitions
embargo is interpreted here as an
effort by the United States Gov
ernment to avoid entanglement in
the Par Eastern situation, and it is
generally supposed here it will ren
der invocation of the neutrality
act unnecessary.”)
The Washington decision, forbidding
Government-owned merchantmen from
transporting war supplies to either Ja
pan or China was characterized by the
Nanking foreign office spokesman as
“certainly not Impartiality.”
Full Embargo Fairer,
“It may be neutrality." he added,
“but a complete embargo would at
least be fairer, for it would halt all
shipments to either China or Japan.”
Private vessels, the spokesman said,
ran no risk in proceeding to Japan, but
a heavy risk in endeavoring to run
the Japanese blockade of the China
Coast.
Italy is considered here as the only
European nation that has made suf
ficient progress in the rearmament
race to send airplanes direct from the
assembly line to China.
Hull 14-Point Peace Program
“Too Idealistic” for Practical
Result, Portuguese Criticize
Note States Approval of Most of Princi
pies, but Holds Hope of Important
Consequences Is Mistake.
BACKGROUND—
Secretary of State Hull on July IS made a 14-point program in
tended to aid in the preservation of world peace. Responses were re
ceivedi from 59 nations pleding support or indicating agreement. Hull
has filed his program with the League of Nations. The League, however,
has not yet acted. Hull has also referred to his 14 points in com
munications dealing with the Sino-Japanese crisis.
By the Associated Press.
Portugal introduced a pessimistic note today into the general worlt
acclaim for Secretary Hull's peace program by characterizing it as too idealistic
It presented this view formally to the American Minister at Lisbon in i
j.bi'U-word philosophical analysis so erudite in
form, and yet so biting in its implications, that
the State Department officials were left gasping.
“The nations (of the world) are attached
to false ideas and lave taken the habit of in
trusting the solution of grave external prob
lems to vague formulae and Inconsistent com
binations,” said .he little republic’s memo
randum.
“To acknowledge by means of an impartial
examination the inanity of the efforts made in
that direction appears to this government to
be the first step and the indispensable prepara
tion of the ground for any constructive work."
59 Nations Replied.
Hull’s 14-point program, made public on
July 16, evoked from 59 nations expressions
ranging from mild agreement to support in ex
travagant terms.
As is so often the effect of its outspoken
criticism, Portugal explained it was in accord
with most of Hull’s principles and practiced
them in the conduct of its own affairs.
But it added: i ^_
“The repeated affirmation, esrfeciallv I
on the part of the great powers, of
the principles advocated by the Sec
retary of State, the intellectual or sen
timental adhesion'of many of the said
principles, their inclusion in many
treaties between nations or in a docu
ment of greater scope aiming at de
fining rules of life common to all
states, will have, we believe, the effect
of certain moral pressure, but will pro
duce rather limited practical action, i
We would be mistaken if we were to '
expect important results therefrom.
Disarming No War Cure.
"If there exists a danger or preoc
cupation of war, it is useless to at
tempt to have the states disarm or
reduce the armaments; if there exist
grave injustices in the solution of
problems of international affairs and
no peaceful method is seen to make
them disappear, it is useless to dis
suade the victims thereof to cause
justice to be respected by force, if c
they have it; if the nations, by virtue t
of their own excesses or because they
are exposed to the mistakes of others, *
must defend their economy and their c
financial balance, and deem it neoes- j
sary to do so by raising tariffs, de- j
valuating currency, or prohibiting the
entry of workers or foreign goods, they
will do so, even though they should *
not seek in that policy their true and
ultimate interests and even though :
they should have taken at one time
or another the solemn engagement to *
refrain from doing this."
* \
<
(
. I
Capture Chinese Advance \
Base 40 Miles South- ]
west of Peiping. J
Br the Associated Press.
PEIPING, September 17.—Japanese
Army headquarters tonight announced t
that Chochow, Chinese advance base t
40 miles southwest of Peiping, had 1
been captured in a steam-roller Japa- f
nese offensive along the Peiping- t
Hankow Railway. £
The Japanese announced their; c
mechanized forces, estimated at 60,000 ; (
men, had gained 12 miles in the last j
24 hours after spectacular crossings I
of the Yungting and Chuma Rivers, 1
south and southwest of this city. f
Chochow fell before a column that 1
drove into it from the east and then t
continued on down the railway to- I
ward Paotingfu, the main Chinese
base, 80 miles from Peiping. 1
50,000 Reported Cut Off. 1
Japanese officers said the capture 1
j of Chochow' had cut off some 50,000 f
Chinese troops along the railway north *
| of that walled city. These Chinese c
! were said to be in danger of being ®
crushed between Japanese columns 1
moving pincer-wise from both sides (
: of the railway.
Two armies of crack Chinese Central *
i government divisions w'ere reported 1
i being rushed into North China to end
j the slaughter of half-armed regional '
i troops and break the Japanese ad
j vance.
The main body of the Japanese 8
) Army effected the crossing of the
Chuma River under the brilliant light
| of last night's moon and pursued the !
J bravely resisting Chinese rearguard 1
toward Chochow. 1
The Japanese struck the retreating J
■ See TROOPS. Page A-5'f
Secretary Hull
France Probes Hooded Society
For Armed Revolt Conspiracy,
0# ui« Aisuumcu rrcw,
PARIS, September 17.—A secret
military society, the “Hooded Ones.'
was investigated today on the possi
bility it plotted to overthrow the gov
eminent.
Four suspected members of the or'
ganization were brought before an ex
amining magistrate. Questioning wa:
behind closed doors and is expected t<
last several days.
Police who confiscated machim
guns, hand grenades and persona
documents in a raid on branches o:
the society, said they would contlnui
raiding hideouts of the organization
which, is called in French "Le
Cagoulards.”
Police believed the "Hooded Ones’
V» W a secret society organized in th<
Summer of 1938, which has been re
» k
! cruiting members with the ooject of
j obtaining 50,000 in Paris alone.
The organization was said to have
I headquarters in each of Paris’ 20 sub
I divisions, each headquarters com- ,
i manded by a "colonel” who was to
have at least 1,000 men at his call. ,
The members were reported sworn
■ to secrecy and pledged to fight against
1 communism and, according" to some ;
sources, for creation of a totalitarian !
' state. ,
| Each headquarters was believed to
have its own arms bureau and its men
‘ meet once a week for drill. Hoods
. were said to be worn only by the
« highest officials on visits of inspection.
The four suspected members were
accused of violating the law prohiblt
! ing possession of war materials by pri
vate persons.
4
KEVELT VIEWS
AWAfTEDjN TALK
iddress on Constitution at
9:30—Borah Demands
Free Courts.
Text of Senator Borah's ad
dress on the Constitution on
Page B-6.
Against a background of critical
ays in politics and government, Presl
ant Roosevelt tonight will tell the
jnerican people what part he believes
ur 150-year-old Constitution should
lay .in guiding our destinies in the
uture as it has in the past.
Paying tribute to the 150th birthday
nniversary of the master document
•y which the Nation has lived for so
jng, the President will speak from
he Sylvan Theater on a program
rranged by the United States Ses
ulcentennial Commission. His ad
Iress. to be broadcast 'on a Nation
ride radio network, is scheduled to
egin at 9:30 p.m. It can be heard ir
Vashington over stations WJSV
VMAL or WOL.
Adding considerably to the anticipa
ion manifest in the President's ad
Iress was the interest aroused by that
f Senator Borah, veteran Idaho Re
ublican, appearing last night as guest
f Master Masons of the District ir
Constitution day program at Con
titution Hall. Borah’s words were
iroadcast throughout the country
Vhether the similarity in the two
peeches ends with their Nation-wide
eception is a question for which ar
nstt’PT i c PQPcrlo onmitAiT
Borah Supports Courts.
Seldom content with the "conserva
ism” of his own party, Borah
hrough many years in the Senate
las been consistent in his respect
or government within the Constitu
ion. Last night he applied that con
isteney particularly to a repudiation
f any efforts to infringe on the in
iependence of the Nation’s courts.
Opposed, though not an active op
positionist on the Senate floor, to the
'resident’s court reorganization pro
posal, the Idaho Senator left no doubt
ist night as to his attitude toward
he initial suggestion off the Chief
Ixecutive.
“No kind of government has yet
een devised * * * which ^offers op
portunity and insures liberty to the
verage man or woman, which pre
erves and protects the rights and
privileges of those whom Lincoln
ailed the common people, except a
overnment of law with independent
ribunals of justice,” the Senator
leclared. “There is no such thing
s security for the masses or protec
ion for minority groups * * * (oft
iced objectives of the New Deal)
* * under any form of government,
ave government where the people
hrough their representatives make
he laws and uncontrolled courts con
true them”
Cites Method of Change.
Referring to approved methods of
mending the Constitution, the Sen
ior cited the “sacredly obligatory”
haracter of this instrument “until
hanged by an explicit and authentic
.ct of the whole people.”
"It is sacred,” he continued,
1 See” CONSTITUTION 7"Page~AVL)
SABOT AGE DENIED
'iece of Metal*in Cruiser’s Gears
Declared Accidental.
BOSTON, September 17 (£>).—Capt
3. H. Greece, commander of the
Jnited States cruiser Vincennes, to
iay ridiculed reports that sabotage
lad been attempted aboard the ves
lel.
He said that a piece of metal found
n the reduction gears when the en
jines were turned over yesterday prob
ibly was dropped there carelessly by
i member of the crew.
After a routine investigation he
paid it was determined the damage
vas practically negligible and that
•epairs could be made at the Navy
Sfard.
The vessel, built at a cost of $»5,
)00,000 by the Bethlehem Shipbuild
ing Corp., was commissioned durlnj
:he past year.
I
NINE POWERS SIGN
i
/

Nations in Nyon Parley Vote
to Include Warships
and Airplanes.
PATROLS WILL FIRE
ON ALL ATTACKERS
i . ~
British and French Protecting
Ships to Act “Immediately.”
Italy Sent Copy of Pact.
BACKGROUND—
Attacks bp “piratical” subma
rines on neutral commercial ship
ping in Mediterranean led Great
Britain and France to summon '
nine-power conference at Npon,
Switzerland, to prepare agreement
for international policing of sea
against mysterious raiders. Result
ing agreement provided for Britain
and France to patrol Mediterranean
as a whole. More than 150 war
ships are being concentrated for
this purpose.
B> the Associated Press.
GENEVA, September 17.—The nine
powers participating in war against
piracy in the Mediterranean, led by
France and Britain, signed tonight
an elaborated accord providing for
crusade against airplanes and war
ships as well as attacking submarines.
These points were added to the
accord signed at Nyon last week:
British and French warships on
patrol in the Mediterranean are em
powered to attack surface warships or
aircraft which make piratical attacks
against merchant vessels.
In the case of air attack, the patrol
ships will open fire immediately in an
attempt to destroy the aircraft.
If the attacks are by surface war
vessels, the patrolling ships will “inter
vent” and summon additional assis
tance if required. -•
Publication of the text withheld
until tommorrow, because the con
ference as a “matter of courtesy”
wishes to transmit it to the Italian
government.
Italy refused to attend the Nyon
conference last week, and the Geneva
parley today. She likewise has de
clined to participate in the patrol, in
which she was offered a limited part
off her own coasts, unless given equal
rating with Britain and France.
The League of Nations released a
new protest from the Valencia Span
ish government against the sinking
of Spanish merchantmen in the Med
iterranean. The protest included
statements from the captain and crew
of the Spanish tanker Campeador,
relating that two warships, one of
them flying the Italian flag, attacked
the vessel and disabled her with three
projectiles.
Neutrality Patrol Killed.
LONDON, September 17 (/P).—Britain
today ended the unsuccessful non
intervention patrol of Spain to make
available her full quota of warships
for the “more important task” of driv
ing pirate attackers from the Medi
terranean.
France joined in the decision. The
foreign office announced the end of
the patrol, formed by the 27-Nation
Non-intervention Committee in an ef
(See PIRATES, Page A-5.)
-% .....
Flood Hits Alaska Town.
SEWARD. Alaska, September 17
UR).—Debris-laden flood waters ripped
through Lowell Creek ' flume today,
endangering three small homes and
inundating Seward's privately owned
power plant.
I WISH'
SO,TOO!
_
Alabaman Disclaims Having
Said Colleague Was Not
Member of Klan.
The fifth of the series of ar
ticles by Ray Sprigle, copyrighted
by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and
the North American Newspaper
Alliance, Inc., containing the
charges of Justice Black’s affilia
tion with the Ku Klux Klan, ap
pears on Page A-6.
-9
Senator Bankhead of Alabama, for
mer senatorial colleague of Hugo L.
Black, recently appointed justice of
the Supreme Court, now involved in
pharges of affiliation with the Ku Klux
Klan, today disclaimed having given
any assurances that Black was not a
member of the hooded riders.
Quoted by the Associated Press from
his home in Jasper, Ala., Senator
Bankhead contended that the most he
ever had said was that he had “no
personal knowledge” of any connection
between Black and the Klan.
The Senator also took occasion to
deny that he ever had any connection
with the secret order himself, a denial
that was echoed by Speaker Bank
head, brother of the Senator, in angry
reply to implications by Representa
tive Fish, Republican, of New York
that the Speaker and other influential
Democratic members of Congress from
the South probably would be found to
be Klansmen.
Wheeler Urges Inquiry.
Earlier, Senator Wheeler, Democrat,
)f Montana had urged that President
Roosevelt name a board of inquiry to
iift the accusations against Black.
Senator Bankhead hinged his de
pials on published reports that Sen
ator Bulow, Democrat, of South Da
kota was quoting the Alabaman as
issuring him that Black was not a
-Clansman.
“The newspapers have reported that
Senator Bulow stated I gave assurance
that Senator Black was not a member
pf the Klan,” Senator Bankhead said.
'If my good friend implied that he
beard me give that assurance, <his
memory is wrong._A number of Sen
tSee BLACK, Page A-6.)
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Comics .-D-10-11 Radio _C-2
Drama _C-6-7 Short Story..B-10
Editorials_A-10 Society _B-3
Finance _A-17 Sports_D-l-3
Lost & Found D-5 Woman’s Pg..D-4
Obituary_A-12
WAR IN FAR EAST.
Japanese threaten to crush 50,000
Chinese troops. Page A-l
China protests U. S. arms shipment
ban. Page A-l
Tenth article by Upton Close on Sino
Japanese war. Page A-4
FOREIGN.
Portugal hits Hull peace program as
"too idealistic.” Page A-l
Loyalists, retreating, blast path of ad
vancing foes. Page A-2
Reich civil air defense rehearsals to
start tomorrow'. Page A-4
50 U. S. citizens lose passports for part
in Spanish war. Page A-4
League revision reported decided by
expert committee. . Page A-4
NATIONAL.
La Guardia and Mahoney win in New
York primaries. Page A-l
Bankhead disclaims having said Black
was not member of Klan. Page A-l
Senator Vandenberg hits at usurpers
and subversionists. Page A-2
Speculators comb Nation for Septem
ber corn. Page A-2
Government workers decide on legisla
tive program. Page B-12
Klan accomplishments cited in 1926
speech by Evans. Page A-6
Biggers prepares to launch unemploy
ment canvass. Page B-18
Ihlder mentioned as head of U. S.
housing authority. Page B-19
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
House group to start D. C. budget
hearings November 15. Page A-l
Present unity of United States is
stressed by Roosevelt. Page A-l
President’s speech to mark Constitu
tion sesquicentennial. Page A-l
Highway laboratory seen threat to
Gravelly Point Airport. Page A-2
Business Federation weighs court
fight on tax Page A-9
2,284 applicants studied further in
Greenbelt inquiry. Page A-14
Family reiterates belief A. O. Brinkley
was murdered. Page B-2
I
Palmisano backs fight for increased
lump sum. Page B-l
Airline official sees Federal regulations
•'unfair." Page B-l
D. C. residents asked to display flags
during regatta. Page B-l
Dairy loses fight for 11-cent milk in
Virginia. Page B-l
D. C. living costs studied for setting
women’s pay. Page B-l
Report on President's Public Building
Committee received. Page B-l
Three potent medicines used against
meningitis. Page B-14
Burning Tree Club safe robbed of $400
by cracksmen. Page B-17
SPORTS.
Pro foot ball gets fine start here as
25,000 watch. Page D-l
De Shong shows gameness in leading
Nats’ pitching staff. Page D-l
Spirit of Tech foot ball squad is un
usually keen. Page D-3
Sailors prime for regatta that opens
here tomorrow. Page D-3
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. PageA-10
This and That. PageA-10
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
Political Mill. PageA-10
Washington Observations. Page A-10
David Lawrence. Page A-ll
H. R. Baukhage. Page A-ll
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-ll
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
Lemuel Parton. Page A-ll
FINANCIAL.
Corporate bonds ease (table).
Page A-17
Trade advances. Page A-17
Freight loadings down. Page A-17
Cotton goods sales revive. Page A-17
Stocks depressed (table) . Page A-18
Curb list lower (table). PageA-19
MISCELLANY.
Service Orders. Page A-15
Traffic Convictions. Page A-16
City News in Brief. Page A-16 I
Vital Statistics. Page B-12 j
Shipping News. Page B-12
Betsy Caswell. Page D-4
Dorothy Dix. Page D-4
Nature’s Children. Page P-5 j
Crossword Puzzle. PageD-10
Bedtime Stories. Page D-10
Letter-Out. PageD-11
Winning Contract. Page D-ll ,
Visitors Barred
By Yellowstone
Due to Fund Cut
The Nation’s oldest national park
and one of the most popular, Yellow
stone National Park in Wyoming, will
be barred to visitors for the balance of
this travel season, the National Park
Service, Interior Department, an
nounced today. The action was the
result of a 10 per cent cut in appro
priations under the Roosevelt admin
istration’s program to drive toward
a balanced budget.
Next Saturday visitors will be de
nied admittance and only Government
officials, the local park staff and con
tractors engaged in road and other
construction, as well as remodeling
and other work on the hotels and
similar property of the park operators,
will gain entrance.
Contributing to this closing, described
as the first of its kind, is a 15 per cent
increase in travel and consequent
mounting Summer operating and pro
tection costs.
“Economy has already required the
closing of the park museums, discon
tinuance of the naturalist service and
the calling in of all road maintenance
camps, and makes necessary drastic
curtailment on all other maintenance
work," the National Park Service said
today.
-.
TO START NOV. IS
Chairman Collins Says He
Will Keep Post Until D. C.
Bill Is Ready.
BY JAMES E. CHINN,
The House Subcommittee on District
Appropriations will start hearings on
the 1939 budget estimates November
15, it was announced today by Chair
man Collins.
At the same time Collins disclosed
he had changed his mind about re
signing soon as chairman of the sub
committee and, in a prepared state
ment, said he would continue in that
position until the 1939 District appro
priation bill is completed.
In scheduling budget hearings a
month and a half in advance of the
convening of Congress, Collins indi
cated it is his intention to have the
supply bill ready for consideration
early in the new session. Indications
are the District measure will be the
first appropriation bill ready for House
aetion.
Must Speed up Work.
Early subcommittee hearings on the
budget will cause both the Commis
sioners and the Budget Bureau to
speed up final disposition of the 1939
estimates. The Commissioners now
are struggling to whip the estimates
into shape for Budget Bureau review.
Collins said he was ’confident the
budget would be ready for considera
tion by his subcommittee on Novem
ber 15, since he had directed the
Budget Bureau, as well as MaJ. Daniel
J. Donovan, District auditor and
budget officer, to complete it by that
time.
No comment was forthcoming from
Collins on the plans of the Commis
sioners to frame a budget calling for
appropriations totaling about $50,
000,000, an increase of $4,000,000
over the current appropriation. The
Washington Board of Trade already
has served notice on the Commis
sioners it would oppose a budget in
excess of $46,000,000.
Chairmanship Vacancy.
Collins' statement with respect to
his plans to direct the handling of
at least one more District appropria
tion bill follows:
“When I returned to Congress I
was very anxious to secure appoint
ment as chairman of the War Depart
ment Appropriations Subcommittee,
for there was a vacancy at that time
in that chairmanship. The late Rep
-esentative Buchanan of Texas, then
chairman of the House Appropriations
Committee, wanted me to accept the
chairmanship of the District of Colum
bia Appropriations Subcommittee and
f did so and will continue as chair
man of that subcommittee through
but this session. 1
“Naturally, if I have the opportunity 1
,o secure a better assignment, I will :
iccept.”
--•-— .
Light Earthquake Near Manila.
MANILA, September 17 (/P).—The i
Weather Bureau reported its seismo
graph registered a light earthquake at i
M0 a.m. today. The epicenter was <
estimated approximately 8 miles from 1
Manila. There were no reports of
lamage.
1
AT ANTIETAM RITE
U. S. “Thinking in National
Terms” First Time Since
Civil War, He Says.
BY BLAIR BOLLES,
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
ANTIETAM BATTLEFIELD, Sep
tember 17.—In mellow mood. President
Roosevelf seized upon the seventy
fifth anniversary of the Civil War
battle of Antietam today to hail the
four years of his presidency as the
fir-et occasion of true national thinking
by the citizens of the United States
since before 1860.
Before 15.000 Civil War veterans, ex
slaves and private citizens here to
watch a re-enactment of one phase of
the Antietam engagement, Mr. Roose
velt said:
"It Is too soon to define the history
of the present generation, but I ven
ture the belief that it was not until
the World War of 20 years ago that we
acted once more as a nation of restored
unity.”
•i believe also that the past four
years marked the first occasion, cer
tainly since the War Between the ■
States, and perhaps during the whole
150 years of our Government, that
we are not only acting but also think
ing in national terms.”
1,200 Guardsmen Take Part
At 12.04 p.m. Mr. Roosevelt's motor
rolled him and Mrs. Roosevelt on to
the Greensward where 75 years ago
today the battalions of Gen. Robert E.
Lee met the eager young Union sol
diers commanded by Gen. George B.
McClellan in the bloodiest single day’s
combat of the war.
Seven hundred Regular soldiers
from Port Belvoir, Va., met Mr.
Roosevelt at the field and escorted
him to the speaker’s stand facing the
hillside bleachers packed with the
curious. A dull day which began with
rain had little effect on the size of
the crowd.
The President, who was introduced
to the throng by Senator Tydings,
Democrat, of Maryland hurried back
to Washington at 1 p.m., and 1,200
armed National Guardsmen lined up
for mock battle in its ‘’Bloody lane"
phase. As time for the battle re
enactment neared, the sun broke
through the heavy clouds.
Three hundred District soldiers, un
der command of Col. John W. Oeh
mann, dressed in barracks caps and .
regulation khaki, represented the
rebels with 300 Virginians. Their
Northern enemies, garbed in blue
denim and campaign hats, were 600
Guardsmen from Maryland and Penn
sylvania. None of the soldiers looked
as natty as the 400 State policemen
from Maryland, Pennsylvania, Vir
ginia and Delaware guarding the roads
leading to the field.
The President’s speech was short
(See ANTTETAM~Page A^3J
BASE BALL GAME OFF
Nationals and Browns Idle Today
Because of Weather.
The base ball game scheduled be- i
tween the Nationals and the St. Louis *1
Browns was called off this morning i
due to weather conditions. <
As a result the Griffs face two
double-headers in a row, .one with the i
Browns tomorrow and another with the 1
Chicago White Sox Sunday. I
NEW DEAL SCORES
SMASHING VICTORY
IN NEW YORK VOTE
Administration Now Must
Decide on La Guardia or
Mahoney Support.
DEFEAT OF COPELAND
BIG BLOW TO TAMMANY
Farley's Chances for Governorship
Are Seen Enhanced by Pri
mary Ballot.
tlAUtlUKUUND—
Throughout most of the New
York mayoralty campaign Senator
Copeland, backed by Tammany Hall
and entered in both the Democratic
and Republican primaries, ham
mered at the New Deal and assailed
the espousal of Its cause by Ma
honey, indorsed by the national
administration. Copeland. however,
on the eve of the balloting, sought
to minimize the Tammany vs. New
Deal issue. If La Guardia defeats
Mahoney to win re-election he will
be first to shatter one-term tradi
tion of reform mayors, as none has
served more than one term.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Roosevelt Democratic leadership la
Greater New York won a smashing vic
tory over its Tammany opponents in
yesterday’s mayoralty primaries. Tam
many Hall, for a century the dominat
ing factor in New York City’s democ
racy, has been pushed aside. The
Roosevelt-Parley organization is on top
of the heap. ,
With Jeremiah T. Mahoney, 62-year
old former Supreme Court judge, ae
the nominee in the Democratic pri
mary against Mayor Fiorello La
Guardia. who won the Republican
nomination and is the "fusion” can
didate, the administration will have to
decide where to throw its influence in
the November election.
Farley Aid Expected.
An alternative would he to maintain
a hands-off policy. It seems incredible,
however, that Postmaster General
Parley, chairman of the Democratic
National Committee, will not come to
the aid of Mahoney in the election
campaign, as he did in the primary
contest.
The defeat of Senator Royal S.
Copeland, the Tammany choice for tho
mayoralty nomination. In both tha
Democratic and Republican primaries,
narrows the race in the mayoralty
campaign to two men. Mahoney and
La Guardia. Democratic supporters of
Copeland—and his Republican sup
porters who dislike La Guardia—and
the Senator himself still have the op
portunity of entering him as a third
candidate. Copeland, however, has
indicated he would not be an inde
pendent candidate, and Christopher
Sullivan, Tammany leader, has said
he will support the party nominee.
Parley emerges from the contest in
the Democratic primary with colors
flying high. Those who believe the
Postmaster General wishes to be*a
candidate for Governor in next year’s
election see his chances greatly en
hanced.
Bitter Battle Expected.
The contest between La Guardi*
and Mahoney promises to be a bitter
battle. Democratic support for the
Mayor was inidcated by an extraor
dinary large number of ‘write in'*
votes cast for the Mayor in the Demo
cratic primary. His name was not on
the ballot, but more than 50,000
Democrats took the trouble to write
(See PRLMARY," Page A-141
DEMOCRATS BEATEN
Four Assemblymen in New York
Lose to Independent*.
ALBANY, N. Y., September 17 CP)._
Independent candidates repulsed four
Democratic incumbent Assemblymen
in New York’s contest-studded primary
Section yesterday, marked otherwise
ay a sweep for “regular” Republican
ind Democratic forces.
A fifth Democratic Assemblyman
seeking renomination—William T. An
irews of New York City’s Harlem—led
ris independent opponent by a small
nargin.
Democratic incumbents who failed
)f renomination were Edward P. Doyle,
or 11 years Representative from the
Ifteenth district, in Brooklyn (Kings
bounty); Max M. Turshen, nineteenth
iistrict. Kings County; George W.
Stewart, seventeenth district. Kings,
md George P. Tornsey, second district,
Queens.
Twenty-two incumbent Assembly
nen—15 Democrats and 7 Repub
icans—bearing party support, won in
he balloting.
Lindbergh Associate Reports
Flyer Will Become a Briton
■y tne Associated Press.
NEW YORK, September 17.—The
third Intimation of recent months that
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh intended
so renounce his American cttizenship
»,nd become a British subject stirred
lew conjecture today on the flyer’s
future plans.
The latest report came from a pro
'essional source associated with Llnd
jergh, and was neither confirmed nor
ienied elsewhere. The informant de
fined to permit use of his name, but
le had an established connection with
he hero of the first solo New YOrk
?aris flight.
The only comment came from Col.
ienry Breckinridge, Lindbergh’s at
omey. He said tersely:
“The only person who can confirm
hat is Col. Lindbergh himself. No
>ne else has a right to speak for him
hat I know of.”
Lindbergh sailed from the United
States on a freighter in the 1935
i
Christmas season and settled In a
country home at Seven Oaks, England.
Neither before his sudden departure
nor after his arrival in England did
he make any public statement on his
plans. It was understood that he fled
the United States in an effort to ob
tain privacy for himself and his fam
ily that he believed impossible here.
Friends who visited the Lindberghs
in England recently returned with
word the colonel was not completely
happy in his new home, but that
he was determined not to return to
America unless privacy was assured—
and he feared that assurance never
would be possible.
The second indication that he
might be contemplating cutting his
last Ue with the United States came
last month in a report from Paris
that he was negotiating for the pur
chase of the Island of Millo, once
owned by the late Aristide Briand.
French premier. Lindbergh, did not
deny the report.
A

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