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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 24, 1937, Image 7

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Only Red Tape of Arranging
Exchange Holds Ameri
can in Jail.
B>- (he Associated Press.
SALAMANCA, Spain, September 24.
—Only the red tape of arranging for
•n exchange of prisoners keeps Harold
E. Dahl, the Champaign, 111., aviator,
In jail here while
his beautiful wife
waits for him in
Cannes, Fiance,
it was reliably
learned today.
An aide of
General issimo
Francisco Fran
co, the insurgent
chieftain, said
there was • not
possibility the 28
year-old flyer
would go before
the firing squad.
Dahl was cap- „
tured July 12 on E- *h1,
the Madrid front when he bailed out
of the gun-riddled fighting plane he
was flying for the Spanish govern
Franco's aide, a cousin also named
Francisco Franco (and apparently the
author of a reassuring letter received
yesterday by Mrs. Dahli, reported by
telephone to the insurgent leader on
reports abroad that Dahl was about
to be executed.
Cousin Francisco fairly shouted his
protestation when he left the tele
"Everybody knows the generalissimo
always keeps his word! There is abso
lutely on truth in the story Dahl is
to be executed.
The generalissimo authorizes me to
tay that to you.
"To invent and propagate such
Kories is an infamous, underhanded
trick. There never was any question
of executing Dahl.”
The Dahl issue has grown here from
one of routine handling to a major
issue because of repeated and un
founded reports the pilot's life was in
danger. It touched an insurgent sore
spot—stories from Santander that the
insurgents were executing an average
of 10 per cent of the prisoners taken
in the recent offensive there.
Insurgent statistics showed that 350
Santander prisoners had been court
martialed among the 50.000 captured.
Death sentences were handed down in
56 cases of men proved involved in
murders as well as in the war, but only
12 had been shot, it was said.
Japanese, in Attacking Chufi
Act Like Barbarians,
Newspaper Says.
Br the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, September 24.—Indig
i ration has swept the country as th
result of Chinese dispatches fror
Shantung Province today reportin
that Japanese airplanes have bombe
Chufu, birthplace of the great sag<
Confucius, and one of China's hoi
Independent sources have not con
firmed the bombing of Chufu, but :
is known that Yenchow and Tsinini
railway towns respectively 15 and 5
miles southwest of there, were sut
jerted to punishing air attack
Wednesday. Chufu, about 70 mill
south of Tsinanfu, the provincial cap
ital, lies about 10 miles east of th
One leading Chinese newspape
here pointed out that the Japanes
repeatedly have asserted their veners
tion for Confucius, -but the willfi
destruction of the great sage's birth
place shows that they are acting lik
barbarians whom Confucius, if livini
would have condemned and ana
M_. .
Hemingway Doubts That Rebels
| Will Launch Teruel Offensive
Correspondent Cites Dangers of Nego
j tinting Mountain Passes That Soon
Will Be Closed by Snows.
The situation along the Teruel front, which recently was taken
over from the anarchists by the reorganized government, forces, is
analyzed here by the noted American aythor of "Farewell to Arms,"
r "Death in the Afternoon" and other stories, who recently returned to
j the Spanish warfront.
ON THE TERUEL FRONT, via Madrid, September 24 (N.A.N.A.)._We
crawled forward on hands and knees over the clean-smelling wheat and straw
in the black dark of a front-line dugout. An unseen man said, ‘‘There, where
the cross on the lens is. You see it?”
Looking out from the darkness through a
small opening in the periscopic observation
glasses across a bright sunlit, tawny plain, you
detached a yellow, flat-topped, steep-flanked
hill with a ship-like prow rising from the plain
to protect the yellow brick-built town clumped
above the river bank. Four cathedral spires rose
from the town. Three roads ran from it lined
with green trees. Around it were green sugar
beet fields. It looked pretty, peaceful and un
damaged. and its name was Teruel. The rebels
had held it since the beginning of the war, and
behind it were red cliffs, sculptured *by erosion
into columns that looked like organ pipes, and
t beyond the cliffs to the left was a devil's play
2 ground of red, waterless bad-lands.
- 1 "You see it, don't you?” asked the man in
the dark.
i "Yes,” replied the writer, and, returning
e> from sightseeing to war. swung the periscope
i bark to the solitary butte, studying the white
y scars and eruptions on its surface that showed
i the extent of its fortifications.
t “That's the Mansueto. That's why we haven't taken Teruel,” said
the officer.
s Studying that natural fortress. •>
- guarding the town to the east, flanked i
by several thimble-shaped hillocks
o thrusting up from the plain like geyser
- cones, also all heavily fortified, you
s realize the problem Teruel presented
to any army trying to take it from any
0 direction except the northwest.
Friendly Enemies.
^ While the anarchist columns had
^ lain in the hills above it for eight
1 months, they had so much respect for
the problem that they avoided all j
a contact with the enemy. At many!
r places the old lines we saw were from
- one to three kilometers from the
d enemy wire, with kitchens out in
e front of the front lines, which were j
e regarded as places to retire to, and !
p the only contact made with the enemy j
1 ] was on the purest friendly basis, ac
1 cording to a Loyalist officer now com
0 manding part of this sector, when the
• anorchists would issue invitations to
' | rebel forces for foot ball matches.
a Until the notorious anarchist iron
1 column was disarmed and removed
y . from the Teruel front, according to
this officer, they often ran an excur
sion column of trucks to Valencia over
_ 1 the week end. leaving the lines prac
- ! tically unheld. All is changed now
. since the abolition of the Army of
I Teruel and formation of the new Army
of the Levante by Comdr. Col. Her
nandez Sarabia, an old regular army
’ artillery officer and staunch republi
can. who is putting the arrny on a
strict disciplinary basis and . moving
all the government lines forward until
actual contact with the enemy is
During the Aragon offensive, the
e army of the Levante moved one divi
i sion forward 25 kilometers on a front
; 1 of some 39 kilometers, capturing more
than 2,000 tons of wheat in what had
been practically a no-man's land,
occupying important heights above
the main Teruel-Calatayud road, Col.
Hernandez Sarabla claimed. This was
the first government advance in the
Teruel sector since their failure in
striking Teruel from the north last
April and their disastrous retreat from
Albarracin in the Universal Moun
tains, when an Anarchist battalion
broke and fled under an attack in
those high mountains and let the
rebels break through and advance to
their present positioas in the moun
tains north of the Cuenca road.
First Thorough Survey.
During the last three days, we
climbed steep mountain trails, rode
over newly cut military roads through
precipitous mountain country in
trucks and staff cars, and visited the
highest mountain positions on horse
back with a cavalry escort in an
effort to study this lost front, where
Herbert Matthews of the New York
Times and I were the first American
correspondents permitted to make a
thorough, complete survey.
We were permitted to visit every part
of the front and any front line obser
vation posts we asked to see. Our
only difficulty was food and lodging,
which was solved by traveling in an
open truck, buying mattresses and
blankets in Valencia, carrying our own
food and using the truck as a base on
returning from the lines. We slept in
the truck nights, cooking our food
over open fires, in village houses and
staff-packed inns and receiving wine
and bread from peasants w'ho had too
little to sell but never too little to give
to strangers. We slept nights in the
back of the truck, in roofed court
yards, alongside cattle, penned sheep,
mules and donkeys. It's a fine life,
but the donkeys wake too early and
make too much fuss about it and the
chickens do not know how to leave
sleeping correspondents alone.
I wanted to see the entire front in
order to decide on the possibility of
Gen. Franco making a major offensive
toward the coast through Teruel in an
effort to cut between Valencia and
Barcelona. This, on maps, has been a
great and constant threat. After view
ing all the terrain and sizing up the
defensive possibilities, it looks like an
extremely dangerous and difficult
operation to attempt. Granted that
a strong enough push could break
through the pass above the town along
the main Teruel-Valeneia road, they
could not spread out, and, after com
paratively easy country for an ad
vance they would be stopped by a
series of mountain ranges and broken
hills forming easily defendable lines
of resistance for the Republican army.
For months I have known there
must be something wrong with Teruel
as a place for Franco to try a thrust
coastwards, or the rebels would have
attempted it long before this. After
walking and riding over the terrain I
appreciate how dangerous such an
operation would be.
Another limitation on a Teruel
operation on the biggest scale is Win
ter, which will Close the 3,500 to 4.000
foot passes through which the rebels
would have to drive columns in an
operation of any great scale. By the
middle of November, given the ordi
nary snow conditions in the Sierras
that rise east and west of Teruel, these
passes will be closed until late in April.
In the Winter the rebels could at
tempt n> advance with columns only
along the main Teruel-Valeneia and
Teruel-Cuenca roads. An advance on
Cuenca could be dangerous, but any
column attempting it would be ex
tremely vulnerable at many points
during the advance.
It is not impossible that the rebels
may stage a large-scale Teruel offen
sive, but, viewing the dangers, this
correspondent does not believe they
will attempt it once Winter sets in.
And from the way a glacial wind Is
blowing into the back of the truck and
in view of the first snowfalls on the
Pyrenees two weeks ago on the Aragon
front, Winter is getting closer daily.
(Copyright. 1937.)
Subways are becoming the leading
means of transportation in Moscow,
Recognized as Bargaining Agent
for Unlicensed Seamen.
The Labor Relations Board today
certified the C. X. O ’* National Mari
time Union a* representative for col
lective bargaining of the all unlicensed
personnel on International Mercantile
Marine Co. ships.
The C. I. O. affiliate polled 2J5rt'
votes in a Labor Boatd election, com-'
pared with 170 for the American Fed*
eration of Labor’s International Sea
men's Union. > •*
Paul Robeson has decided to aban
don the concert stage.
Bell has decided to hold prices down—to make even
smaller profit and let the increased volume take care of
the difference. It’s not how much Bell makes on each
sale, but how many sales Bell can make.
When you see thirty or thirty-five dollar price tags on
clothes, nine times out of ten the clothes cost no more
to produce than Bell Clothes at $19.o0 and $22.50 and are
positively no better in style, quality and workmanship.
We ask you to pin us down to this statement—to com
pare—to make us prove it.
The secret of how we do it rests on one short sentence.
BELL SELLS FOR CASH ONLY; therefore, it costs
Bell LESS TO SELL. Eliminating costly charge ac
count systems eliminates tacking extra dojlars on the
selling price.
This fall, choose from 10,000 garments — the style hits
of the nation and the fabric hits of the year. There are
hard-finished worsteds, inch-wide chalk stripes and her
ringbones, hard-finished conservatives, imported Eng
lish cheviots, genuine Llama topcoats and overcoats .. .
in sizes to fit every man ... at the same 2 low prices,
$19.50 and $22.50.
Here’s how: Pay down a small B B B igjf Jp
deposit to reserve your selec- B ^E^B |B^^ B B
tion . . . then pay as you get B ^ggB B B B
paid. When you take B ^^B B B
garment... it’s all yours. You B B B B B B^ S
saved $5 to $10. And. gentle- B
men, that’s a grand and glo- ' .. _ _ — ^
rions feeling. Bell’s Customiwd Suits, 22.50
Topcoats, Overcoats— w
H *
- • 9
Y « t
a »
All Three Bell Clothe« Store* Open Saturday Nite ’Til 9
fl A
W> have not been satisfied vith just making a
I fine candy from the best and purest ingredients FCW^
obt ainnble. ^ This^is^ the^ reason why Fannie
rieties and have your candy ^ackec^to^your in ui0!?*!
order. ribboned
You Can Pay Mure. But You Can’t Buy Better.
A daily scene
In Fannie May
kitchens, show
ing Fannie May
Candies being
made FRESH
right here in .
7 Fannie May Candy Shops __ „
1010 E St. N.W. 1354 F St. N.W.
3305 14th St. N.W. .1406 N.Y. Are. N.W.
1704 Pa. Ave. N. W. 1317 E St. N.W.
621 F St. N.W.
Black in smooth, soft suede has stolen the
fashion spotlight. And when Washington’s
largest women s shoe stores concentrate
on black suede, the selection of beautiful
styles is bound to be tremendous. These great
Crosby stores are actually brimming with
stunning black beauties. Equally compelling
arc the low prices. Come I See how Crosby's
50=store buying power saves you money.
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"■ *
I Saturday Special
Half or Whole
j?'" ib. 95c
3272 M I N.E. MKT. | 2153 Po. Taney
ST. N.W. |l2th & H N.E.|Ave. N.W.
Rounder Jewel CHUCK
Sirloin J I Shortening ROAST II
lb. 19 lb.
77 *‘»p“k1Zc
C | Saturday Only AOC
Breast Lamb, for Stew_lb. 15c
Loin or Rib Lamb Chops_lb. 25c
Shoulder Lamb Roast_lb. 17c
! Shoulder Lamb Chops_lb. 23c
Smoked Shoulders_lb. 23c
Fresh Pork Shoulder_lb. 27c
Boneless Breast Veal_lb. 18c ZgUZZT
Veal Cutlets _lb. 43c _
_g__ Shoulder Veal Roast-lb. 18c
Fresh Killed Frying Chickens-.-lb. 33c
Fat Back or Bean Pork_lb. 22c gg^___
Sliced Bacon_'/j lb. pkg. 17c
Finest Bacon _1 lb. pieces 28c
Fresh Eggs, Nearby___doz. 29c s=s=
Best Table Butter_lb. 37c
Sour Pickles, bulk_3 for 5c ---
_____ Beef Lieer_Ib. 18c —
. Fine American Cheese_Ib. 24c -
Fancy Bologna_ lb. 18c -
gg_ziz: Fresh-Killed Stewing & Baking Fowl_lb. 25c
■lllllllllKIDWELL’S VEGETABLESIlllIlIlili™
New Sweet Potatoes, No. 1_._5 lbs. 10c jgg
gj_: Iceberg Lettuce_head 8c ====§
Celery -bunch 5c §§[=
1 ■■ New Onions_3 lbs. 10c
Fresh Tender Beets_3 bun. 10c
New Green Cabbage_4 lbs. 10c §g§=|§
Large Size---5 lbs. 10c
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Fancy Freestone Peaches. S^Hafe Ba?ket!»»e 3 lbs. 10c _
Fancy Sugar Corn_4 ears 10c ggs
Grade A Milk, with bottle_qt. lie -
Home-made Ice Cream.._qt. 17e; pt. 10c
IOn Sale at 12th * H Sts. Only.)
New Fancy Potatoes, U. S. No. 1^_10 lbs. 14c V
Bushel Basket 69c
I0y»ter> and Fi»h—All Store» Every Day
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