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TWO PARTIES FACE
MAJORPROBLEMS Impending Resignation of Farley and 1938 Parley to Get Consideration. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. The Democratic administration and the Republican National Committee both have Interesting political prob lems for early solution. President Roosevelt, as head of the Democratic administration, must de cide if and when Postmaster General James A. Farley is to step out of the Cabinet—and who is to be his suc cessor. The Republican National Commit tee, which is slated to meet the first or second week in November, will have before it a proposal for a Re publican national convention—or con ference—to be held in the Spring of 1938. Although there are oppo nents to the idea of holding a con vention, chances are it will be held. Mr. Farley is reported to be about ready to relinquish his Cabinet job in order to become president of the Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Co. From Washington sources close to the Post master General, it was declared yes terday that he will “stick on for a while longer,” though how long no one seemed to know. There was a reticence about future engagements for Farley that left a feeling his retirement from the Post Office De partment might come at any time. Coldness Held Unlikely. It is entirely unlikely, however, that Farley will leave the cabinet until the President is ready to relinquish him. Little credence was placed in sugges tions that a coldness has sprung up between the President and Farley be cause of the Black appointment to the Supreme Court. While it is true that Farley was “surprised,” along with the rest of the country, by the appoint ment of Justice Black, and it is under stood he attempted to make an elev enth-hour protest to the White House, it is asserted he is still the good friend of the president he has always been. Even when he leaves the cabinet, Farley is expected to remain chair man of the Democratic National Com miuee. mat is a post which is not likely to be held by a man not on the beet of terms with the President—cer taiuly the present Chief Executive. It has been said repeatedly that the President could find a new Postmaster General at any time, but that he could not find a man who would fill the bill as chairman of the Democratic Na tional Committee as does "Big Jim.” Reports that Farley was on his way out of the cabinet have been heard at j almost regular intervals ever since 1933. However, it is known that Far ley has desired to get back into pri vate business for some time, and that the Pierce-Arrow presidency has been offered him. A cabinet office pays I cmly $15,000 a year, and the expenses I of a cabinet officer in Washington are large. The motor company presidency looks to be the opening Farley has been looking for. Patronage Dispenser. The President has retained Farley In his two posts, Postmaster General and chairman of the Democratic Committee, because he wanted him on the job and because Farley was able to give a good deal more of his time running things political while making his headquarters in Wash ington. The office of Postmaster Gen eral has been considered "political” in almost every administration, because of the large amount of patronage that comes under the Post Office Depart ment itself. But “Jim” Farley, as chairman of the National Committee, has been the chief patronage dis penser for the entire administration. If he leaves Washington to become head of a motor company, he may still remain national chairman, but how much time will he have to give to patronage matters, and how much would he be permitted to do along ♦ livsaeO If Farley steps out of the cabinet, the President is considered likely to pick a new political lieutenant to in stall as Postmaster General, not to supplant Farley as national chairman, but to take over some of the patronage matters with which the White House must deal day in and day out. He might turn to the Democratic leader of the Bronx, Edward J. Flynn, who has been an ardent Roosevelt sup porter in New York ever since the President was Governor of the Empire State. Flynn, as leader of the pop ulous borough of the Bronx, has backed Roosevelt for years in a war against Tammany.. And it was Flynn and other Roosevelt Democratic lead ers who recently carried the Demo cratic primary for Mahoney for Mayor of New York against the anti-Roose velt Senator Copeland, backed by Tammany. Walker Again Mentioned. Whenever it has been reported that Farley was about to leave the cabinet Frank C. Walker, an early adviser of the President, has been mentioned as his probable successor. Again his name is being mentioned. Walker has held several posts in the administration, a general handy man. There Is always the possibility that the President might decide to stick to the Post Office Department and pro mote the First Assistant Postmaster General, William W. Howes of South Dakota and a member of the Demo cratic National Committee. Howes has been committeeman for a dozen years. He came to Washington first to serve as Second Assistant Post master General when Senator O'Ma honey of Wyoming was still First As sistant. When O'Mahoney stepped out to enter the Senate Howes was made First Assistant. Last year when Farley was ”on furlough” from the Post Office Department to run the campaign for re-election of President Roosevelt Howes ran the Post Office Department as acting head. Farley, in addition to being Post master General and chairman of the Democratic National Committee, also is chairman of the New York State Democratic Committee. He has swung all three jobs. He has traveled over the country, probably more than President Roosevelt himself. It is no drawback for the Democratic Na tional Committee to have a chairman who goes from one end of the coun try to the other dedicating post office buildings and addressing meetings of postmasters and postal employes. It enables the chairman to keep in per sonal touch with thousands of small er Democratic leaders as well as the more important. The Executive Committee of the Re publican National Committee consid ered the proposal for a national con vention next year, and decided to pass it on to the national committee for a decision. The Executive Committee etood about 16 to 4 in favor of the plan. Unless there is a change of heart before the national committee A Readers' Guide and News Summary The Sunday Star, Sept. 2«, 1937. PART ONE. Main News Section. WAR IN THE FAR EAST. Japanese launch big Shanghai push on 40-mile front. Page A-l China war testa efficacy of military aircraft. Page A-2 Willful slaughter charged to Japan by Wang. Page A-4 FOREIGN. Hitler and Duce to go to war games at Mecklenburg. Page A-l Britain and France bid Italy to talk Spanish war issue*. Page A-l Senator Reynolds urges peace at co*t of ••face” in Orient. Pag6 A-4 NATIONAL. Black problem seen as barring special Congress session. Page A-l Merrill and airline to contest fines on airport take-off. Page A-l Metal trades group due to attack labor board. Page A-2 Disciplinary action of participants in corn •‘squeeze" is seen. Page A-2 Both major parties face difficult polit ical problems. Page A-2 Black to arrive at Norfolk Wednesday on return from Europe. Page A-3 WASHINGTON AND VICINITY. D. C. budget not to exceed $48,000,000 under present plan. Page A-l Dr. Mann speeds Zoo cargo here by ship and rail. Page A-l Board of Trade cites figures to show need of tax reduction. Page A-l District chapter 21st annual Red Cross roll call starts today. Page A-2 Hearing on zoning changes scheduled October 6. Page B-l Reynolds to push D. C. referendum plan at next Congress. Page B-l First residents to move to Greenbelt within week. Page B-l Committee to visit slaughter houses in East proposed. Page B-l Health Department testing question able chocolate eclairs. Page B-l Lonergan sees site change for Jeffer son Memorial. Page B-l SPORTS. Maryland shows balanced eleven In beating St. John's. Page B-6 Phebus masters A’s for third victory though hit freely. Page B-7 Navy puts much power on view in rout ing William and Mary, Page B-8 One of biggest bowling seasons in his tory certain for D. C. Page B-9 Heelfly scores in Potomac Handicap and boosts rating. PageB-10 Sailboat skippers haven’t lost interest for late season. PageB-Il MISCELLANY. Shipping news. Page A-9 Vital statistics. Page A-9 Traffic convictions. Page A-9 Educational. Pages A-12-13 Obituary. PageA-14 ftesorts. Page B-5 PART TWO. Editorial Section. Editorial articles. Pages C-l-3 Editorials and comment. Page C-2 Civic news. Page C-4 Winning contract. Page C-4 Military and veterans' news. Pages C-5-6 | Cross-word puzzle. Page C-6 Stamps. Page C-7 PART THREE. Society Section. Society news. Pages D-l-9 Well-known folk. Page D-5 | Service orders. Page D-6 ! Barbara Bell pattern. Page D-9 PART FOUR. Financial, Classified. Selling stops storks' rally. Page E-l Retail trade advances. Page E-l Wheat and cotton steadier. Page E-l Stock table. Page E-2 Bond table. Page E-3 ' Curb table. Page E-4 ! Classified advertising. Pages E-5-18 PART FIVE. Feature Section. News features. Pages F-l-3 John Clagett Proctor. Page F-2 Dick Mansfield. Page F-3 Automobiles. Page F-3 Amusements. Pages F-4-5 j Children's page. Page F-« Radio programs.Page F-7 meets, the chances are bright for the convention. Opponents Are Gloomy. The opponents of the convention idea are gloomy when it is mentioned. They see no good to come from it, and many chances for mistakes. The most they hope for is that "it will do no harm.” Either such a convention will be a “stuffed shirt” affair or it will oe a fight between factions, or possi ble candidates for the next presiden tial nomination, they fear. Until enough of the voters are ready to desert President Roosevelt and his New Deal, there is little that can be said or written by the G. O. P. which will prove effective. The Republicans played a strategic game well when they maintained a great degree of silence after the President launched his Supreme Court bill. They were in the fight up to the hilt, of course, but they avoided effect of a partisan attack which might have driven anti court bill Democrats back to Roosevelt. They hope that the schism in Demo cratic ranks created by that fight will widen in the next session of Congress. They hope the Black appointment to the Supreme Court will help still fur ther to alienate voters who supported Roosevelt and the New Deal. One of the practical difficulties which opponents of the convention idea foresee is the method of select-^ ing delegates. There is no ma chinery by which they can be elected by the Republican voters. There is always the possibility that some of the elements in the G. O. P. will not be represented, or Inadequately rep resented. The proponents of the convention plan are demanding action. Many of the young Republicans “w'ant ac tion now,” . or at least next Spring. But there seems to be little action a convention can hope for, outside of writing a formula: It 1s true the congressional campaign is in the of fing. But each district will be an individual fight, and in many the issues will be vastly different. Farley Prases “Reforms.” NAIGARA FALLS, N. Y., Septem ber 25 (A*).—Postmaster General James A. Farley declared his belief today that no major party would ever successfully challenge the basic re forms of the Roosevelt administra tion. Farley, who has been mentioned as a possible candidate for Gover nor to succeed Gov. Herbert H. Leh man, addressed the State convention of Democratic clubs. He spoke from the same platform as the Gov ernor, who affirmed for reporters, just before the convention, his in tention to retire at the end of the present term—his third. Farley de clined comment on reports he planned Immediate retirement from the cab inet. a U. S. STEEL DEALING Stock Exchange Opens In vestigation Into Sources of Selling Wave. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, September 25 —In the first step of an inquiry into sources of selling which caused the recent market slump, the New gfork Stock Exchange today opened an investigation of deal ings in United States steel common. A questionnaire sent by the ex change's Business Conduct Commit tee to all members required detailed information on buying and selling transactions in the stock between September 7 and September 25, The initial break in the slump oc curred September 7. In less than three weeks steel plunged down more than *20 a share, shearing about *191,000,000 off the value of the ap proximately 8,700,000 outstanding shares. Brokers said the exchange action established a precedent. It has cir culated many questionnaires in re cent years, but it was said to be the first fact-finding survey for a broad study of the buying and selling cur rents. Most of the past questionnaires, it was pointed out, were motivated by suspicions of irregularities or viola tion of exchange rules. To Provide Basis for Study. It was announced the returns from the current questionnaire would "pro vide the basis for a study by the Com mittee on Business Conduct of trans actions, both on the buying and selling sides, during the last three weeks.” The brokers were requested to in dicate whether their selling orders were for long or short account and to supply details of amounts, prices stock received or delivered and the names of customers. Brokerage circles said the question naire appeared to be in line with statements made recently by the ex change president, Charles R. Gay, in which he took issue with James ’M. Landis, who last week retired as chair man of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Regulation is Hit. Speaking of Landis’ defense of the S. E. C, controls in face of Wall Street opinion they made for "thinness” of markets, Gay declared that "too much” regulation threatened to Im pair the market's functions, but he added he was In favor of an impartial study of the market to determine how it could best be made to function for investors. Announcement of the questionnaire came after the close of the market. Prices were steadier in the short session today, but recovery of ground against yesterday's sharp break was negligible. Taking the list broadly j Wall Street statisticians have vari- ! ously estimated the lass in share values | incident to the September drop at j from tis non non non on non nnn nnn i ROLL CALL TODAY NEW KING TO PAY Farouk I to Bear Expense of Pro cession Victims' Funerals. ALEXANDRIA, Egypt, September 25 (/4s).—Officials announced tonight that Egypt's new King, Farouk I, will pay for a state funeral for 22 persons trampled to death during a demon stration of loyalty for the King. Cabinet members planned to vote indemnities for families of those killed today when a panic spread through a procession of 100,000 workmen trying to squeeze through narrow gates of Ras El Tin Palace. The funeral will be held tomorrow night. RECEPTION INAUGURATES NEW HALL FOR LEAGUE i Brilliant Fete Is Given by Age Khan III for 2,500—Criticisms Fail to Deter Festivities. By the Associated Presa. GENEVA, September 25. — The League of Nations’ new assembly hall was inaugurated tonight with a recep tion given by the assembly president, Aga Khan III, and his Begum. The 2.500 persons attending the i party given by India’s delegate and his wife ate and drank, among other things, 300 pounds of caviar and 1,500 bottles of champagne. Despite criticism in some league ircles of ’’festivities while women and children are being killed in China,” delegates danced to the strains of a stringed orchestra. The first session will be held in the new hall Tuesday. S. E. C. Officials Refuse Comment. By the Associated Pres*. Securities Commission officials de clined last night to discuss any inves tigations that may be made by them or the New York Stock Exchange into causes of the recent stock market break. They said the commission has a formal rule against any publicity about suspected manipulation of stocks Untu and unless the commission decides to issue formal charges. Officials, recalled, however, that Wil liam O. Douglas, on assuming the commission chairmanship last week, pledged unrelenting prosecution of stock manipulators. 21st Annual Drive of D. C. Chapter Seeks to Enroll 75,000. With a summons to service from Admiral Cary T. Grayson, chairman of the American Red Cross, the twen ty-first annual Roll Call of the District Red Cross Chapter opens its 21-day campaign to raise the funds needed to carry on Its work for another year. To stir at least 75.000 men and women to become member of the Dis trict Chapter between now and Octo ber 16, Admiral Grayson said: “Since this Is the first big chapter to launch the twenty-first Roll Call, it sets the pace for the country. As Wash ington enrolls, so the 3,700 chapters enroll.” 5,100 to Make Canvass. The 5:100 volunteer lieutenants will comb Government agencies, homes, apartment houses, business offices, public utility companies and profes sional men's offices in the intensive campaign to make sure the little red and white button is worn by as many as can contribute the $1 membership fee. Prom strategically located booths, a host of pretty girls will wage an axuil iary campaign for membership, under the lead of Miss Mabel Boardman, a Red Cross valiant for 40 years. The volunteer workers received their orders during an impressive cere mony last night at the Sail Loft in the Navy Yard. Brig. Gen. P. R. Keefer, chairman of the District Red Cross, reported to Admiral Grayson at the close of the ceremony: “Admiral Grayson, the twenty-first roll call of the District of Columbia Chapter is ready and organized." Message from Pershing. At the Sail Loft function, which was broadcast by Washington’s radio stations WJSV, WRC, WMAL and WOL, and conducted to the music of the Navy Band, a cable from Gen. John J. Pershing in Aixen-Provence, France, was read. It declared: “My enthusiasm crossed the ocean tonight carrying warmest wishes to the Red Cross and to those workers who will do their utmost to make possible its extensive and beneficial work. Never has the world needed the Red Cross more.” Commissioner Melvin T. Hazen said: "The Red Cross is a truly Demo cratic organization. It belongs to you and to me. The dues are but a dollar a year; little enough to ask when yielding such a tremendous con tribution to the general welfare. "Therefore it gives me great pleasure, as president of the Board of Com missioners of the District of Columbia, to set aside this designated period as a time when all past members will be asked to renew their memberships and j for those who have not before enrolled j aua ineir names to me ranks or Red Cross members in the Nation's Capital." Sperry Reports to Grayson. Marcy L. Sperry, chairman of the Roll Call and president of the Wash ington Gas Light Co., reported to Admiral Grayson: “Our organization for this Roll Call is complete. Our leaders are men and women who have left no stone unturned to make this the best Roll Call in 21 years.” The men and women he referred to. all of whom spoke briefly, are: W. W. Wheeler, vice chairman of the Roll Call; Capt. T. W. Johnson, rep resenting the Government group; j Thomas Groom, financial chairman: j E. Barrett Prettyman, professional i group chairman; Charles T. Clag- ! gett, representing the piofessional i group; L. E. Rubel, publicity chair man; Charles Doing, Roll Call treas urer, and Miss Boardman. FIRST FALL SUNDAY DUE TO BE COOL AND CLOUDY Temperature Expected to Fall to Low of 48 Here Late Tonight. The temperature which climbed to 84 degrees at 4 p.m. yesterday will be gin sliding toward the 48 degree mark late tonight, the Weather Bureau ure- ■ dieted. Today, the first Sunday of Pall, will be cool and cloudy and there may be showers, the forecaster said. Cool I weather which has enveloped the Mid dle West is closing in on Washington, | it was pointed out. Tomorrow the mercury’ may not get above 65 degrees,; the forecaster said. The temperature yesterday was 8 degrees above normal, but did not break any records, the forecaster as serted. The mercury climbed 30 de grees from a low of 54 at 6:45 a.m. - » » 1,400 CHILDREN SAVED 8AINT NAZAIRE, France, Septem ber 25 M°).—The French freighter Dairiguerrme arrived here tonight with 1,400 Spanish children from Gijon, objective of present Spanish insurgent warfare on the Biscay coast. The children were transferred to the Soviet freighter Cooperat.zia, which sailed for Leningrad, where they will be established in a Soviet refugee camp school. The captain of the Dairiguerrme said he ran the insur gent blockade of Gijon ‘ without dif ficulty.” Hamilton to Speak in Forum G. O. P. CHIEF TO TELL OF PLANS. □OHN D. M. HAMILTON, chair man of the Republican Na tional Committee, will be guest speaker on the National Radio Forum program tomorrow night. Arranged by the Washington Star, the Forum program is heard over a country-wide network of the National Broadcasting Company. The pro gram begins at 9:30 o’clock and is heard locally over Station WMAL. Hamilton will discuss plans of the Republican party for the coming months and the campaigns of 1938. The Executive Committee of the party has been meeting here during the past week, formulating such plans. 'Taking the chairmanship in 1936, Hamilton drove the Republican party through an aggressive campaign on behalf of the Landon-Knox ticket. For months afterward he bided his time while political observers pre dicted the party never would survive its beating at the polls. In recent weeks, however, he has joined with other leaders of the party in plan* alnr a new push. 1 JOHN D. M. HAMILTON. ' A. Pinning on the First 1937 Red Cross Button Commissioner Hazen, right, opened the 1937 roll call of the District Red Cross last night by buying the first button at a ceremony in the sail loft at the Navy Yard. Miss Mabel Board man, veteran Red Cross official, pins on the token while Admiral Cary T. Grayson, chairman of the American Red Cross, watches. —star Staff Photo. Army Experts Scan China War For Clues to Planes’ Efficacy Far East Conflict Is First Real Labora tory Military Has Had for Aircraft Since 1914-18 Campaigns. BY JOHN' C. O'BRIEN. Military experts here, and presum ably in staff headquarters throughout the world, are following Japan's widely-heralded air attacks on Nan king and other Chinese cities with the keenest interest for whatever light may be shed on the moot question. "Of what real value is aircraft as an offensive and defensive arm of the military establishment?” Since aircraft of a primitive type was first used in the World War, un ceasing debate has raged in all high military commands on the merits of this comparatively untried weapon of war. The views range all the way from the unyielding skepticism of old school ground officers to the bold pre dictions of areophobes that the air plane would revolutionize methods of i warfare; that future wars would be fought in the air; that when air fleets spread their wings in the next great war, the trenches would be safer than the civilian populations in the exposed cities. Until civil strife broke out in Japan, all this debate was academic and hypothetical. Neither side could point to an actual test of the effectiveness of aircraft. The fighting in Spain brought relatively modern aircraft into combat for the first time (Italy's foray into Ethiopia being disregarded, as the Italian air force encountered no opposition), but the results were hardly conclusive. Neither side in Spain possessed first-class fighting ships or anti-aircraft defense and neither army was greatly experienced in air combat tactics. Major Power Operating Now. But now in China military observers have the air fleet of a first-class \ military power conducting a major j air offensive. This offensive was ! heralded by a boast of the Japanese military high command that it would j wipe out the seat of the Chinese j government and by thus paralyzing the heart of the Chinese military j machine bring that unhappy country quickly to its knees. Quickly realizing that the Japanese ; operations afforded a laboratory test of the effectiveness of the fighting plane, military experts here huddled around the news tickers to follow the results. As yet. of course, the experts have only fragmentary reports of the oper ations. Moreover, they are in no position to know whether the Jap mrw have vet. alteinnted the Diom Ised mass attack. Some dispatches I quote the Japanese high command i as saying that the attacks thus far j have been experimental, that /ie big t raids are yet to come. Aside from that, the experts here j are reluctant to accept the achieve- I rnenhs of the Japanese Air Force as ' indicative of what would happen in j a war between two first-class powers for the reason that China is con sidered no match for her opponents. Neither in the air nor in her ground defenses against operations in the air is China an effective opponent of a first-class air fleet. Japanese Have Opportunity. But China's inferiority, as the ex ports see it. enhances the value of the Japanese operations as test of what armed aircraft can do. If ever a first class air fleet had a chance to live up to the claims made for it, the Japa nese, so the argument runs, have in China. In the air the Chinese are greatly outnumbered and supposedly interiorly equipped, and the anti aircraft defense, while seemingly suffi ciently feared to keep the Japanese flyers in high altitudes, cannot be compared with the defensive weapons of a first-class power. For the most part China's anti-aircraft guns are of small caliber and the firing control is not exactly effective. Such being the conditions under which this ‘‘laboratory test” is being conducted, what of the results? Thus far, according to newspaper dispatches from the front, the Japa nese raked Nanking with bombs for four hours, 50 planes participating in the attack. The reported total cas ualties were 200 killed and wounded and the property damage confined for the most part to the crude huts of the native population, the important build ings having withstood the attack or missed altogether. Two days’ bombing of Canton pro duced greater casualties, the estimates running as high as 3.000, with greater property damage. Significance of Results. Now, from a military point of view of what significance are these results? The tentative judgment of qualified military observers here Is that they are not highly significant. Certainly they are not impressive. They hardly measure up. so it is contended, to the direful predictions of the Japanese military authorities. The initial shock of such a shower of destruction from the air, it is ad mitted, is demoralising to a civilian population. But what military ob jective was accomplished, the military expert* Inquire? Can the Chlneee (round forces be dislodged by such an attack? Will the air attacks pre pare the way for occupation of the city by the Japanese troops? For the answer to these questions the military experts are awaiting further reports from the Japanese front. Dismissing the factor of the in adequacy of the Chinese defense against the air attack, the experts are convinced that comparable raids on an American city would not have re sulted in casualties as great as those in Nanking and Canton, relatively small as they are in comparison with the teeming populations of those cities. For the Chinese cities are not as sturdily built and hence yield readily to the force of exploding shells, and the population is un usually dense and has not been trained to seek shelter in air raids. If the raids are repeated, it Ls be lieved heie, the Chinese will learn j to avoid danger and casualties will not run so high. Claims Not Borne Out. It would be a grievous misrepre sentation of tiie views of the Capital's j military observers to suggest that they j are disposed on the basis of the frag mentary information reaching here from China to discredit aircraft as an offensive weapon. Rather the idea is that as yet the Japanese operations, i the most extensive undertaken with modern craft, have not borne out ex travagant claims by some air enthu siasts. After all the Japanese operations over Nanking and Canton are aimed at only one of the objectives for which ■ air attacks are undertaken, namely, | the harassing of civilian populations and the destruction of property. The other main functions of armed air craft are to harass and disrupt lines of communication, destroy batteries and dislodge troops. The effectiveness of aircraft for these other objectives is still a matter of debate. The performance of air craft around Shanghai and on the Spanish war front has not supplied the military experts with adequate ba sis for a conclusion. Observations by Experts. But from what is known of opera tions In these two theaters of war, the experts have made the following observations: 1. The Chinese air force haa not been able to disrupt the Japanese line of communication. The Japanese ... scathed In Shanghai and maintain an air base nearby. Japanese gun boats lying in the Yangtze River have kept off the Chinese flyers . 2. The Japanese air force has thus far been unable to silence Chinese bat teries in the Shanghai sector. 3. Although the Chinese troops have been pushed back, it was ground oper ations, with little if any aid from the air. that accomplished the result. 4. In Spain, although Madrid has been repeatedly bombed from the air, the population has not been terrorized. In fact, they have become so indiffer ent to the danger from overhead that they have resumed going to motion pictures. 5. Air raids have failed to alter the lines of the opposing land forces at Madrid, which are entrenched just about where they were when the siege started. 6. Air bombing has played relatively small part in gains made by either side in the Spanish civil war. land forces having been decisive in all such engagements. The view here appears to be that aircraft form a valuable supplemen tary arm of the military service. Ac cording to Maj. Gen. Frank M. Andrews,'commander of the General Headquarters Air Force, the Army's policy is to maintain an adequate fleet of pursuit and bombing planes to attack any point on or near this continent which might be selected as a base by an enemy. Without a nearby base, no foreign power, according to Gen. Andrews, could hope to succeed in a large-scale air attack on this country. Meanwhile the experts are keeping their eyes fixed on the Japanese air fleet. tCODyrirht, 1937, by New York Tribune. Inc.) ■--——-— SNATCHED FROM DEATH Paralysis Victim Kept Alive by Artificial Respiration. DES MOINES, Iowa, September 25 UP).—Two men used artificial respira tion to keep the breath of life in George Nibel, 25, infantile paralysis patient, during a careening 70-mile auto dash to an "iron lung” respirator here today. Physicians reported Nibel's condition was "very poor." but that he improved slightly after he was placed in the respirator. J. Nibel, the patient's father, and Dr. G. 8. Brown alternated in admin istering artificial respiration to the pa tient during the 1%-hour trip from Dayton, lows. - LABOR DELEGATES MEET THIS WEEK Metal Trades Group to Act on Board Censure and C. I. 0. Stand. BACKGROUND— Split of American labor moi'e ment more than year ago resulted in tremendous stimulus to or ganization of workers as C. I. O. and A. F. of L. both intensified membership efforts. At same time, national labor relations law was being tested and upheld with ad ministrative board firmlly being placed squarely on spot in factional fight within labor forces. Evi dently no magic solution to com plications attendant upon C. I. O. A. F. of L. fight is possible. BY JOHN C. HENRY. Much of the fireworks incident to the annual convention of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, opening Oc tober 4 in Denver, probably will de velop during the coming week, it was indicated yesterday as delegates left to attend the pre-convention sessions of the Metal Trades Department, pow erful unit of the A. F. of L. They will hold several conferences this week. Feuding bitterly with both the Com mittee for Industrial Organization and the National Labor Relations Board, the metal trades group is ex pected to give considerable thought to resolutions censuring the Federal agency for alleged C. I. O. partisan ship and condemning the practices and policies of the Lewis labor faction. Whatever action is taken on either of these propositions will be sub mitted to the full A. F. of L. conven tion for indorsement, with John P. Frey, department president and bitter foe of John L. Lewis, sure to lead a drive for federation approval. Madden to Speak. Both the labor board and the C. I O. will have their defenders within the federation assembly, however, with Board Chairman J. Warren Madden scheduled to appear as a convention speaker and delegates of the Interna tional Typographical, a ‘'half-affili ated" C. I. O. union, still entitled to seats of the convention floor. Madden's acceptance of the invita tion to address the convention was disclosed yesterday, although the exact day of his appearance has not been designated. Affiliated with the Metal Trades De Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the International Association of Machinists have felt themselves par ticularly aggrieved by rulings of the labor board in cases where C. I. O. unions and the federation bodies were in direct conflict. Madden's appearance at the A. F. of L. convention, however, may have the effect of stilling criticism before that assembly. Domination of League. With the issue of C. I. O. rivalry backgrounding virtually all its busi ness, federation delegates also are ex pected to do some talking about the suspected C. I. O. domination of Labor's Non-Partisan League, an issue which was raised at the last meeting of the A. F. of L. Council. Indorse ment of legislative restriction of child labor and re-election of William Green to its presidency are relatively routine tasks facing the convention. Concurrent with the last half of the Denver session will be a week long meeting of C. I. O. leaders in At lantic City, beginning on October 11. Purposely staged as a counter-attrac tion in so far as news appeal is con cerned. the C. I. O. conference prob ably will produce some declaration of future policy of the Lewis group, to gether with a rounding up of accom plishments .thus far. Meanwhile, the Department of La bor and administration advisers fret over the delicate problem of naming a sucessor to Edward F. McGrady as Assistant Secretary of Labor. Thus far no candidate has been found who can command enthusiastic approval of both labor factions. Eventually, it is expected, the appointee will be picked from a list of dark horses whose first qualification probably will be that of not having offended either the C. I. O. or the A. F. of L. • --m. FINNS DROP PROTEST Accept Soviet Explanation Planes Crossed Border by Mistake. MOSCOW, September 25 (/P).—A Soviet explanation that Russian air planes flew over Finnish territory only by mistake was accepted without pro test, the Finnish Legation said to night. The Legation said Finnish troops fired on Soviet planes to show them they had crossed the 600-mile-long frontier. About a dozen planes flew over the border in maneuvers, the Le gation said. Most recently, on Sep tember 21, a Soviet plane flew a mile inside the Finnish frontier to get medical aid. Dowd Rozzelle to Be Tried for Manslaughter in Death of His Chum. B” a Staff Correspondent of The Star. ROCKVILLE, Md., September 25 — Included among 29 indictment* re turned yesterday by the Montgomery County grand jury was one of man slaughter against Dowd C. Rozzelle, jr., 21. of Alta Vista, in connection with the automobile death May 4 of his chum, George B. Gummel, jr., son of a Bethesda fireman. Police Court Judge Harold C. Smith dismissed a technical manslaughter charge agaimft Rozzelle at a prelimi nary hearing shortly after the acci dent. Trial was set for October 5 by Cir cuit Court Judge Charles W. Wood ward on arraignment of Rozzelle in court today, Gummell, who lived at 4210 Leland street, was a passenger in an automo bile operated by Rozzelle when it plunged over an embankment near Kensington. He died shortly after the accident of a crushed skull. Rozzelle was only slightly injured. Mike Berger, Arthur Mitchell and James Doy, all colored, were indicted on a charge of robbery with a deadly weapon. The trio pleaded not guilty on arraignment today to robbing Hpr bert J. Cuff, 56-year-old store pro prietor at Ednor, of about $20 on September 16, Cuff was shot during the hold-up. H. Curtis Lamson of Bethesda was indicted on several counts of book making and maintenance of a book making establishment. He was ar rested June 9. No date for trial has been set. James E. Spiller and Leithan Brad ley were arraigned before Judge Wood- • ard on charges of robbery with a deadly weapon. Trial of their case was set for October 4. The same date was fixed for the trial of Thomas Martin on charges of assault and battery and trespassing. State's Attorney James H. Pugh announced the return of the 29 in dictments. They will be made public Monday, Pugh said. Eight indictments had been returned previously. --> --- YOUNG REPUBLICANS TO MEET HAMILTON 15 Leaders of State Groups Will Hold Conference Here To morrow Morning. Fifteen leaders of Young Republican organizations throughout the country ' will meet here tomorrow with John Hamilton, National Republican Com mittee chairman, to organize a mem- * j bership program and plan for a larger j meeting to be held here later in the ; Fall. Tomorrow * session will be at j 10 a m. at 718 Jackson place. The following will attend: J. Kenneth Bradley, Connecticut, chairman, Young Republican National Federation: Donald Hornbeek of Ohio, Henry Bubb of Kansas. Edward Shat tuck of California, D R. Van Sickler of Washington, Joe Bottum of South Dakota, John Carton of Michigan, Wallace Steams of Massachusetts, Loren Berry of New York, Miss Kath ryn Ford of Illinois. Mrs. James Hol lingsworth of New York, Mrs. Barbara , Smith of Vermont. Alfred M. Lilientha'. of New York, Mrs. Cooper Rhodes of the District of Columbia, Ronald Bridges of Maine. Chairman of State Finance Commit tees will meet here with Hamilton on Thursday. ---— GIRL IN COMA 5 YEARS TO BE OPERATED ON Patricia Maguire Faces Removal of Tumor—Doctors Urge Surgery. ] By the Associated Press. CHICAGO. September 25.—Patricia Maguire, the “sleeping beauty” of suburban Oak Park, who has lain In a coma more than five years, will un dergo an operation for an abdominal tumor, her family decided today. The time of the operation was not fixed. Mrs. Gladys Hansen, sister of “Pat.” | announced the decision, reached after more than a week of debating the problem. The .sleeping girl's mother, Mrs. Peter Mile.v, said last week it was a question whether her daughter could stand the shock of an operation. Her condition appeared to be getting wors?. however, and specialists recommended surgery. Miss Maguire, now 31 years old, was . stricken by encephalitis lethargiea In January, 1932. and fell into a coma the next month. She has never awakened. Through the intervening years her family has carefully watched her health, keeping alike their faith that she would awaken. NEARBY DEATH LAID TO HIT-RUN DRIVER Body of Walter Skillman, 30, Found Near Fairfax Shortly After He Left Cafe. Walter Skillman, 30, of near Waples Mill, Va„ was killed a short distance outside of Fairfax last night, appar ently by a hit-and-run motorist, police said. Skillman was believed to have left a restaurant in Fairfax and was walk ing toward his home when the acci dent occurred. His body was found about half an hour after he left the restaurant. Police said Skillman was unmarried and was employed by the State highway department. George Allen, 27, of Hyattsville, Md, and his 3-year-old son, George, jr„ re ceived severe cuts on the head and face late yesterday when the car Allen was f driving struck another machine at Fifth and H streets. Both were treated at Casualty Hospital, where their con dition was said to be not critical. The driver of the other machine, Louis Tepper. 29, of 5407 Seventh street, was uninjured. Shoe Full of Fish. SHARON. Pa. —R. B. Graham, while fishing In a creek, he said, felt • a tug on the line and reeled in an old shoe. Disgusted, he was attempting to unfasten the shoe when » catfish flopped out.