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HOPES OF EUROPE
BLASTED BY ITALY Rome Warns She Has Made Last Concession on Intervention. B» the Associated Press. LONDON. October 23.—A Fascist warning that Italy had made her last concession, coupled with unyielding Russian opposition to the Italian stand, today swept away Europe’s optimism for a settlement of the problem of foreign intervention In the Spanish Civil war. The sixty-eighth session of the Non Intervention Subcommittee has been called for Tuesday, but it promised nothing but continued disputes be tween repreeentatives of Europe's great powers. The statement, issued at Rome by the official Stefani news agency and believed to have been written by Pre mier Mussolini himself, said that “to believe Italy can make further con cessions (on plans to withdraw for eign troops from Spain) is absurd.” The statement was accepted in Lon don diplomatic quarters as a virtual obituary notice for the plan by which Britain had hoped for withdrawal of volunteers and an attendant lessening of the danger that the civil war would become a general conflict. The main discussion Tuesday was expected to center on whether the na tions would agree to accept the figures of the two commissions the British plan proposed be sent to Spain to de termine, among other things, how many volunteers were fighting for the Insurgents and the government. These figures would be the basis for calcu lating troop withdrawals from both Bides. Count Dino Grandi, the Italian rep resentative, stated flatly Italy would not agree In advance to accept the figures, and the Russian Ambassador, Ivan Maisky, countered that Russia would accept them, but would not be bound by them. The statement of no further con cessions from Rome today indicated the Italian position would not be al tered and observers considered Maisky was unlikely to make any '•oncessions at this point—particularly to Italy. CURB ON EMOTIONS SEEN PEACE NEED Foreign Policy Association Head Warns of Americans’ Readi ness to Take Sides. By the Associated Press, CLEVELAND, October 23.—Only a "strong dictatorship" over America's emotions will keep the Nation out of a general European war, Raymond Leslie Buell of New' York, president of the Foreign Policy Association, de clared today. "The American people readily take sides," Buell said in an stddress, "and once they are ‘het up’ over a world war, the only method of emotional release is for them to be drawn into it. "Neutrality of thinking is impossible unless censorship of the press and other restrictions on the spreading of information are imposed in this country. That can be done effectively only through a strong dictatorship.” Buell, 41-year-old World War vet eran and former lecturer at Harvard, Yale, Princeton and Columbia Uni versities, stressed "dangers” of dic tatorship and economic depression and urged that the United States co operate with other world powers in promotion of peace. The speaker, since 1933 head of the association which conducts research into foreign affairs, declared Gen. Francisco Franco’s insurgent forces "probably” will win In Spain and that danger of a European war breaking out in Spain is fading rapidly. He said, however, continuance of hos tilities in China is likely to cause a spread of war to Europe by way of Russia. FRENCHREINFORCE MOROCCO TROOPS Colonials Strengthened to Guard Against Agitation After Gruelling Riot. Bv the Associated Press. CASABLANCA, French Morocco, October 23.—French colonial forces were reinforced tonight to guard against native agitation after putting down a riot of Moroccan nationalists In the strategic northern town of Khemisset. Military suppression of rioters and stern prison sentences for the leaders stirred Moslem unrest along the vital line from Rabat and Meknes to Fez, beneath the towering Middle Atlas Mountains. Resident General Auguste Nogues, veteran of Abd El Krim’s 1925 Riff rpbpllion. nishpH t.n tnipmiccef n-hova planes and troops maintained patrol, while other reinforcements were sent to neighboring villages. Fighting reached a peak when more than 1,000 Arabs, armed with knives and guns, attacked barricades erected around government buildings. Troops were rushed from Rabat, and until they arrived 10 planes flew low over the city as a warning to the rioters. Meanwhile it was learned that the French air force being sent to North Africa for Fall “imperial maneuvers” had been raised from the original 80 planes to more than 100. The aerial squadrons are scheduled to begin ar riving next week. Foot Ball Halts Strike. Foot ball caused a truce in tfc* “children’s strike” at the British Bata Bhoe factory in East Tilbury, England. Every one attended the game and •trikers, strike breakers and members of the management stood shoulder to shoulder to cheer the local team. Even V. E. Schmidt, the managing director, who had flown from Czechoslovakia to deal with the walkout, was at a foot ball game. The “children’s strike.” «o called because more than half the itrikers are under 18, was caused by objection to fining for faulty work. OLD GOLD AND SILVER Testifies to Poison / Prosecutor Dudley M. Outcalt is shown holding a salt shaker used as evidence against Mrs. Anna Marie Hahn, charged with the poisoning of the aged Jacob Wagner at Cincinnati, Ohio. Outcalt told Judge Charles Bell that the shaker, found in the luggage of George Obendoerfer, who died while on a trip with Mrs. Hahn, had contained 82 per cent poison, and that Mrs. Hahn had access to the baggage. Court ivas recessed yesterday until Monday. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. I-----—-, Text of President’s Letter Message to Smith and Jones Recommends Consid eration of Crop Stabilization Legislation at Special Session. rAssociated Press. EIE text of President Roosevelt's letter to Chairmen Smith and Jones of the Senate and House Agriculture Committees, re spectively, making recommendations on agriculture stabilization legislation to be considered at the special session of Congress: My dear Mr. Chairman: You will recall that on July 12 I wrote you concerning the need for further legislation to stabilize agri culture and give It added protection against disaster. My letter pointed out not only the need for this legis lation but the importance of placing it on the statute books at an early date so as to give farmers the benefit of it in the 1938 season. Since that time, as you are well aware, exceptionally favorable grow ing weather over most of the country and falling prices for some com modities have brought the surplus problem once more into sharp focus. The pressing nature of this problem was recognized during the closing days of the last session by both houses of Congress in Senate Joint Resolution 207, pledging prompt action at the next session of Congress to meet the problem. Help Consumer. So as to permit early fulfillment of this pledge I have issued a call for an extra session of Congress and to convene November 15.- I know that your committee and the House Agri culture Committee have both been making extensive inquiries into the farm situation and will therefore be in a position to move expeditiously with the task of shaping the new bill. The new national farm act should safeguard farmers’ incomes as well as their soil fertility. It should provide for storage of reserve food supplies in an ever-normal granary, so that if severe and widespread drought recurs consumers will be assured of more adequate supplies with less drastic In creases in price than would otherwise be the case. It should provide for control of surpluses when and as nec 1 essary, but at the same time it should preserve the export markets that still are open to our farmers. It should protect both farmers and consumers against extreme ups and downs in prices of farm products. It should be financed by sound fiscal methods. Lo cal administration should be kept in th farmers' hands. I wish to emphasize especially that any price stabilizing features, through loans or other devices, should be rein forced by effective provision against the piling up of unmanageable sup plies. We must never again invite the collapse of farm prices, the stop page of farm buying and the demoral ization of business that followed the Federal Farm Board’s attempts to maintain farm prices without control of farm surpluses. Safeguards Soil Fertility. The present agricultural conserva tion program, though it is not entirely adequate to keep farm surpluses from ■wrecking farm prices and farm income, has great intrinsic value as a .safeguard of soil fertility. Its great value must be made lasting. There fore, it is my sincere hope that the Congress, when it enacts new legisla tion to protect agriculture and the Nation against the calamity of farm price collapse, will assure the contin uity and permanence, of the agricul tural conservation program now being carried forward by nearly1 4,000,000 farmers. It is, of course, especially important that any new legislation should not unbalance the expected balancing of the budget. In other words, no addi tional Federal expenditures from the general fund of the Treasury should be made over and above existing planned expenditures. The only ex ception to this would be the incurring of additional' obligations on the part of the Treasury, backed 100 per cent by additional receipts from new taxes. In other words, whatever goes out must be balanced by an equivalent amount coming in. Permanent Act Wanted. To my mind the purposes of the proposed new legislation and the ex isting conservation program are wholly consistent with each other and can be related together to the benefit of agriculture and the Nation. At the request of both your com mittee and the Senate Agriculture Committee. Secretary Wallace and his aides in the Department of Agri culture who have had experience in administering farm programs in the past have been making studies which I know will be of great assistance to you in shaping the new law. With their help, and the added counsel of practical farmers throughout the Nation, I am confident that your com mittees and your fellow' members can draft permanent legislation that will serve the Nation for many years to come. — ■ • ... COMPANY REGRETS ELIXIR FATALITIES “I Do Not Feel There Was Any Responsibility on Our Part,” Says Dr. S. £. Massengill. By the Associated Press. BRISTOL, Va.-Tenn., October 33 Dr. S. E. Massengill of the S. E. Mas | sengill Co. of Bristol, which has 1 branches in other cities, tonight issued i the following statement in regard to ! what he termed, the ‘‘unfortunate elixir sulfanilamide affair.” “My chemists and I deeply regret i the fatal results,” he said, "but there was no error in the manufacture of the pi^duct. We have been supply ing legitimate professional demand and not once could have foreseen the unlooked-for results. I do not feel that there was any responsibility on our part. The chemical sulfanilamide had been approved for use and had been used in large quantities in other forms, and now its many bad effects are de veloping.” Dr. Massengill stated that the elixir sulfanilamide had been withdrawn from the market while the formula and samples were being thoroughly checked by the American Medical As sociation and Government laboratories. nsEr handles the best grades of Pennsylvania ANTHRACITE and i I The Famous BLUE COAL J. EDW. CHAPMAN Cool Fuel Oil 37 N St N.W. North 3609 Arent Wayne Oil Burner ,j|; __ ^ ^ __ . Big Improvements Have Been J Made in Window Shades i TV EW attractiveness for your home-- ( ' and important savings! These mod- ( ern shades are made to be scrubbed. The colors don’t fade. The fabric doesn’t I sunburn. After scrubbing, Bon tea looks . as bright, fresh and attractive as newly washed woodwork. Instead of buying 1 new shades simply wash Bontea. i ‘ Wide choice of colon. , _ Phone NO. 6600 Ubshingtsn i IB company : 2021 17th STREET N.W. (Just Above You St.) 1 “Quality Product*—Pricet You Con Afordf' . ■ -:——-A— - NEUTRALITY ACT IS HIT BY CASTLE “Sanctions” by U. S. Means War, Now or Later, For mer Official Says. By the Associated Press. CONCORD, N. H., October 23.— William R. Castle, Under Secretary of State in the Hoover administration, criticized the American neutrality act tonight as making "real neutrality im possible” and said "if we go in for sanctions such as embargoes of one kind or another it means war either now or later." After posing the question on the Sino-Japanese conflict, "are we sure that we now are able to laud one na tion while we wholly condemn an other” Castle declared: "There is no safe ground between official neutrality and official co-opera tion with one side or the other. And because the second alternative (offi cial co-operation) means war, I wonder whether even the most ardent partisans would choose it.” In an address at the 128th annual meeting of the American Board for Foreign Missions (Congregational) Castle, former ambassador to Japan, asked: “Are those of you here who blame the Department of State today for not taking a more vigorous stand against Japan willing to go to war yourselves or to send your boys to war to fight to save China from Japan?” There is "very grave doubt,” he suggested, "as to whether we are cap able of choosing surely the right side in a controversy.” The American neu trality act, however, he said, acts "only in favor of the popular party in a dispute.” Need for new missionaries in for eign fields was stressed today at the meeting. The Rev. Carl M. Gates of Wellesley Hills, Mass., chairman of the Pruden tial Committee of the board, said it was necessary to send additional work ers abroad In spite of retrenchment policies. Maj. George Eliot Says Ac tion Would Be Followed by Swift Reprisal. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, October 23.—Maj, George Fielding Eliot of the United States Army said tonight that any boycott, embargo or blockade against Japan might be considered by that nation “an act of war” to be resisted by armed force. He spoke on the third of a series of radio broadcasts sponsored by World Peaceways, Inc. Other speakers were Dr. Frank Kingdon, president of New ark University, and Dr. J. Max Weis, director of research for World Peace ways. The Japanese cannot afford to lose their war in China, Maj. Eliot said, and the "cold, hard logic of military necessity” says “they will meet one kind of force with another kind of force.” “They will use their powerful little navy,” he predicted, "to escort expedi tionary forces to the Philippines and Borneo (where the rubber and oil they need are available), and will establish themselves in possession of those islands before any effective interfer ence can arrive either from the United States or Europe.” Unless Americans are willing to risk becoming involved in a bloody Pacific war to eject the Japanese, he said, they must abandon any plans for a boycott. Dr. Weis, on the other hand, as serted that the American people "want the President to apply the neutrality act and they want Congress to revise that act to impose mandatory embar goes on cotton, oil, steel and iron * * *. Dr. Kingdon asserted also that “the President and the Congress will have to modify, if not abandon, the neu trality act because it does not consti tute an international policy, but only a retreat from one.” Enforcement of present treaties, he declared, will not cure the ills of the world, but merely aggravate them. Dies in Action OHIO COMMUNIST LEADER KILLED IN SPAIN. JOSEPH DALLET, Jr. Reports from American vol unteers in Spain yesterday listed Dallet, 30, of Youngs town, Ohio, as "killed in ac tion" while commanding a battalion of the Abraham Lin coln Brigade. Dallet, succes sively a Dartmouth student, steel worker and steel union organizer, was defeated twice as a Communist party candi date in Ohio. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. ECLIPSE MOVIE SHOWING | — Film Taken in Peru to Be Shown at Mount Pleasant Library. Motion pictures taken on the recent American Museum solar eclipse ex pedition to Peru will be shown before the Washington Photographic Society at 8 p.m. Wednesday in the Mount Pleasant Public Library, Sixteenth and Lamont streets. Mrs. Lsabel M. Lewis, who was a member of the expedition, will lecture as the film, which is in color, is being shown. The public is invited. Farm (Continued From First Page.)_ than at present goes for the soil con servation program. Government expenditures for aid to the farmers is approaching the billion dollar a year mark, when the regular expenditures for the Department of Agriculture, amounting to about $115, 000,000. are included along with soil conservation and security programs and crop loans. Cotton loans this year will amount to $130,000,000. and no one knows just how large the proposed corn loans will be. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace is reported to favor a processing tax for cotton and possibly for wheat and tobacco. While the processing tax is collected from the concerns which prepare farm products for sale to the consumers, the consumers are those who ultimately pay the tax in higher prices. Purposes Wholly Consistent. In support of his demand for farm legislation, the President said in his letters, "We must never again invite the collapse of farm prices, the stop page of farm buying and the demoral ization of business that followed the Federal Farm Board’s attempt to maintain farm prices without control of farm surpluses. To my mind the purposes of the proposed new legis lation and the existing conservation program are wholly consistent with each other and can be related together to the benefit of agriculture and the Nation.” When Congress gets down to the work of drafting the crop control bill it will have to determine whether it will make curtailment of crops com pulsory or voluntary; whether it will fine or jail farmers who do not stick to the allotments made by the Gov ernment, or whether it will pay for voluntarily complying with the pro gram. In the old A. A. A., and under the soil conservation program, the pay ments are for voluntary compliance. It is far from likely that the admin istration or the Congress will under take compulsory crop control. Farm ers do not like being “compelled.” even for their own good. The supposition is that provision will be made for Gov ernment payments for compliance with the crop control program—and if there is any compulsion, it will only take place in emergencies, for the pur pose of protecting prices to the farm ers and protecting the Government loans. Outlawed by Court. Crop control and processing taxes were outlawed by the Supreme Court when it invalidated the old A. A. A. The new legislation may avoid the constitutional pitfalls of the old, or it may be that the Supreme Court will be counted upon for a more "progressive” attitude in passing upon a new law. While the President yesterday was demanding that nothing be done to upset the budget balancing apple cart, blasts were Issued attacking the ad ministration's handling of the fiscal affairs of the Government from two sources. Representative J. William Ditter, Republican, of Pennsylvania, a member of the House Appropriations Committee, requested three of the largest spending departments of the Government to prepare budget esti mates for the fiscal year 1939 cutting 25 per cent from the budget for the year 1938. He did not include the De | partment of Agriculture, but sent his I requests to the Treasury, Navy and Post Office Departments. The other attack came from the National Economy League, w-hich demanded that the ad ! ministration give the people the facts | and not estimates that constantly were ! found to be in error by hundreds of ; millions of dollars. Representative Ditter. in a state ment to the press, said: “Five years have passed without a genuine and i sincere effort on the part of President ! Roosevelt to balance the Federal budg et. In view- of the present acute situ ' ation in Federal finances, and the resulting threat to business recovery, the time has come for positive action looking to an honestly balanced Fed eral budget.” After quoting a speech by President Roosevelt in October, 1932, in which the President said he pledged himself to rigid economy, Ditter gave the defi cits by fiscal years which have accrued since Roosevelt took office, from the Treasury record, as follows: For 1933. $3,063,256,000; 1934, $3,989,496,000; 1935, $3,57^,357,000; 1936, $4,763,841, 000; 1937, $2,811,318,000; 1938 (July 1 to October 23, 1937), $508,614,344. The total deficits amounted to $18,711, 882,344. The National Economy League, re ferring to the President's recent re vision of the budget for the fiscal year 1938—the current year—said it "is one more example of a belated correction of overoptimistlc and wishful esti mates. "When this budget was first sub mitted in January. 1937, it promised a | 'layman's balance.' The marked drop in revenues in March led to a revision I of estimates in April, which showed h net deficit of $418,000,000. This latest j revision, which allows for the appro priations o' the last session, forecasts a net deficit of $695,000,000. Instead of a predicted surplus (exclusive of debt retirement) of $37,000,000, we are now confronted with a prospective net i deficit, or debt increase, of $695, j 000,000.” Unless the President is firm in his j demand that Congress shall not add | new expenditures without providing ! new revenue through taxation to meet ! those expenditures, the deficit may go even higher at the end of the present I fiscal year. A drop in revenue would j have a similar effect. Grace Gray DeLonf Psychic “with the mys tic television eyes" heard over WOL. For solution of perplexing personal problems con sult this clear-seeing life reader and adviser. - Phone: MEt. 5 2 3 4. PSYCHIC COUNCIL HOUSE 1100 12th St. N.W.t Cor. "L" St. IflTU ^B Present a New H SPINETTE PIANO ■MBA (The Minum made by Starr) * Full Keyboard ||| • Mahogany Finish ■ • Nicely Toned ||| • Fits on a 2 x5' Rug • Handsomely Designed Sjjjj ON VERY EASY TERMS With This Advertisement ^^B HSScHEsf Mt • CLEANED AAp £• REGULATED XllU / £ • ADJUSTED WV 3* £ GUARANTEED ONE YEAR / £ CRYSTALS 25c / ! £ MAIN SPRING 75C f J the < > TIMEKEEPERS < i 913 PA. AVE. N.W. } HOWARD LEELAND TOKIO UNCERTAIN ON Hirota Reported Doubtful of Parley Attendance, Even If Delayed. By the Associated Press. TOKIO, October 24 (Sunday).— Foreign Minister Koki Hirota was understood today to have advised Belgian Ambassador Baron Bassom pierre he was unable to assure Japan’s participation in the Brussels nine power conference on the Chtnese Japanese conflict, even if it should be postponed. The Belgian envoy said he had dis cussed the conference (scheduled to be held October 30-November 3) with the foreign minister and declared a postponement may be allowed if Japan should accept the invitation to attend. The foreign minister was under stood to have replied a postponement was desirable, but that even so he could not assure that Japan would at tend. Japan is the only signatory of the nine-power treaty whose participation remains in doubt. Belgium Considers Delay. BRUSSELS. October 23 (/PI.—'The Belgian foreign office disclosed today the government was considering post poning the nine-power conference on the Chinese-Japanese conflict from October 30 to November 3. Belgian officials indicated they be lieved Japan would participate in the conference, called to seek means of bringing peace to the Orient. This optimism was understood to be based on negotiations under way today in Tokio. Bullitt Sees Delbos. PARIS, October 23 M5).—United States Ambassador William C. Bullitt had a long conversation today with Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos, and French sources raid the nine-power Brussels conference on the Far Eastern conflict and the Spanish situation were discussed. Later Delbos conferred with Sir Eric Phipp6, the British Ambassador. - -9 BALL AIDS LOYALISTS A Halloween carnival to raise funds for war victims in republican Spain will be given Saturday under the aus pices of the Spanish Committee in De fense of Democracy. Featuring a mas querade ball, the carnival will be held at the Washington Hotel from 10 p.m. to 2 a m. -9 ■ - Nazis in Silent Parade. VIENNA. October 12 iiP'.—Austrian Nazis who have been accused of many violent demonstrations tonight tried a new kind—a silent parade. An esti mated 6,000 Nazis walked through the streets to protest against the closing of the Fatherland Front membership January 1, as decreed. Three arrests were made. FASCISTS REPEAT 100,000 Will Celebrate 15th Anniversary of Famed < Mussolini Coup. By the Associated Press. ROME, October 23.—Nearly 100,000 leaders and minor chieftains will begin to “march” on Rome Monday night for a celebration Thursday of the fifteenth anniversary of the rise to •> power of Benito Mussolini. Their "march”—by truck and rail road trains—will commemorate the Fascist march on Rome October 28, 1922, which brought II Duce to the prime ministership. The columns will march into the capital Thursday morning for a review of all sections of the Fascist forces, such as would have been staged by the imperial Caesars of ancient Rome. Three of the quadrumvirs who led the march on Rome 15 years ago will be present Thursday. They are Mar- ' shal Italo Balbo, Governor of Libya; Marshal Emilio de Bono, conqueror of Adua, and Count de Vecchi di Val Cismon, Governor of the Dodecanese Islands. The fourth, Michele Bianchi, is dead. Contrary to the legend which has grown up uncontradicted in the minds of Italian youth, Mussolini did not lead the march. He came to Rome— and power—on October 29 by train at the summons of King Vittorio Eman uele to halt the threat of civil war. In addition to inaugurating many public works throughout the kingdom, . II Duce is expected to speak, exalting the 15-year growth of Facism and its accomplishments. More foreign travelers toured Bel gium this year than in several seasons. I A magnificent set ting—a cuisine cele brated for its ex cellence. deluxe $4 50 dinner I = ■ * ■ Headache Eye Strain Positively relieved Our Scientific Glasses Satisfy SPECIALLY FEATURED KRYPTOK LENSES FOR THIS WEEK ONLY! . InTliibIf Bifoc„ . White or flesh-tint, graved INVISIBLE BIFOCAL frames fitted ^ a LENSES. One pair to see accurately... 83’8° g $$-95 . $8.00 Value Cylindrical or Tinted Not Included The Shah Optical Co. 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