OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 24, 1937, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1937-10-24/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for A-4

Rome Warns She Has Made
Last Concession on
B» the Associated Press.
LONDON. October 23.—A Fascist
warning that Italy had made her last
concession, coupled with unyielding
Russian opposition to the Italian stand,
today swept away Europe’s optimism
for a settlement of the problem of
foreign intervention In the Spanish
Civil war.
The sixty-eighth session of the Non
Intervention Subcommittee has been
called for Tuesday, but it promised
nothing but continued disputes be
tween repreeentatives of Europe's
great powers.
The statement, issued at Rome by
the official Stefani news agency and
believed to have been written by Pre
mier Mussolini himself, said that “to
believe Italy can make further con
cessions (on plans to withdraw for
eign troops from Spain) is absurd.”
The statement was accepted in Lon
don diplomatic quarters as a virtual
obituary notice for the plan by which
Britain had hoped for withdrawal of
volunteers and an attendant lessening
of the danger that the civil war would
become a general conflict.
The main discussion Tuesday was
expected to center on whether the na
tions would agree to accept the figures
of the two commissions the British
plan proposed be sent to Spain to de
termine, among other things, how
many volunteers were fighting for the
Insurgents and the government. These
figures would be the basis for calcu
lating troop withdrawals from both
Count Dino Grandi, the Italian rep
resentative, stated flatly Italy would
not agree In advance to accept the
figures, and the Russian Ambassador,
Ivan Maisky, countered that Russia
would accept them, but would not be
bound by them.
The statement of no further con
cessions from Rome today indicated
the Italian position would not be al
tered and observers considered Maisky
was unlikely to make any '•oncessions
at this point—particularly to Italy.
Foreign Policy Association Head
Warns of Americans’ Readi
ness to Take Sides.
By the Associated Press,
CLEVELAND, October 23.—Only a
"strong dictatorship" over America's
emotions will keep the Nation out of a
general European war, Raymond
Leslie Buell of New' York, president of
the Foreign Policy Association, de
clared today.
"The American people readily take
sides," Buell said in an stddress, "and
once they are ‘het up’ over a world
war, the only method of emotional
release is for them to be drawn into it.
"Neutrality of thinking is impossible
unless censorship of the press and
other restrictions on the spreading of
information are imposed in this
country. That can be done effectively
only through a strong dictatorship.”
Buell, 41-year-old World War vet
eran and former lecturer at Harvard,
Yale, Princeton and Columbia Uni
versities, stressed "dangers” of dic
tatorship and economic depression and
urged that the United States co
operate with other world powers in
promotion of peace.
The speaker, since 1933 head of the
association which conducts research
into foreign affairs, declared Gen.
Francisco Franco’s insurgent forces
"probably” will win In Spain and that
danger of a European war breaking
out in Spain is fading rapidly. He
said, however, continuance of hos
tilities in China is likely to cause a
spread of war to Europe by way of
Colonials Strengthened to Guard
Against Agitation After
Gruelling Riot.
Bv the Associated Press.
CASABLANCA, French Morocco,
October 23.—French colonial forces
were reinforced tonight to guard
against native agitation after putting
down a riot of Moroccan nationalists
In the strategic northern town of
Military suppression of rioters and
stern prison sentences for the leaders
stirred Moslem unrest along the vital
line from Rabat and Meknes to Fez,
beneath the towering Middle Atlas
Resident General Auguste Nogues,
veteran of Abd El Krim’s 1925 Riff
rpbpllion. nishpH t.n tnipmiccef n-hova
planes and troops maintained patrol,
while other reinforcements were sent
to neighboring villages.
Fighting reached a peak when more
than 1,000 Arabs, armed with knives
and guns, attacked barricades erected
around government buildings. Troops
were rushed from Rabat, and until
they arrived 10 planes flew low over
the city as a warning to the rioters.
Meanwhile it was learned that the
French air force being sent to North
Africa for Fall “imperial maneuvers”
had been raised from the original 80
planes to more than 100. The aerial
squadrons are scheduled to begin ar
riving next week.
Foot Ball Halts Strike.
Foot ball caused a truce in tfc*
“children’s strike” at the British Bata
Bhoe factory in East Tilbury, England.
Every one attended the game and
•trikers, strike breakers and members
of the management stood shoulder to
shoulder to cheer the local team. Even
V. E. Schmidt, the managing director,
who had flown from Czechoslovakia
to deal with the walkout, was at a
foot ball game. The “children’s strike.”
«o called because more than half the
itrikers are under 18, was caused by
objection to fining for faulty work.
Testifies to Poison
Prosecutor Dudley M. Outcalt is shown holding a salt shaker
used as evidence against Mrs. Anna Marie Hahn, charged with
the poisoning of the aged Jacob Wagner at Cincinnati, Ohio.
Outcalt told Judge Charles Bell that the shaker, found in the
luggage of George Obendoerfer, who died while on a trip with
Mrs. Hahn, had contained 82 per cent poison, and that Mrs.
Hahn had access to the baggage. Court ivas recessed yesterday
until Monday. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Text of President’s Letter
Message to Smith and Jones Recommends Consid
eration of Crop Stabilization Legislation
at Special Session.
rAssociated Press.
EIE text of President Roosevelt's
letter to Chairmen Smith and
Jones of the Senate and House
Agriculture Committees, re
spectively, making recommendations
on agriculture stabilization legislation
to be considered at the special session
of Congress:
My dear Mr. Chairman:
You will recall that on July 12 I
wrote you concerning the need for
further legislation to stabilize agri
culture and give It added protection
against disaster. My letter pointed
out not only the need for this legis
lation but the importance of placing
it on the statute books at an early
date so as to give farmers the benefit
of it in the 1938 season.
Since that time, as you are well
aware, exceptionally favorable grow
ing weather over most of the country
and falling prices for some com
modities have brought the surplus
problem once more into sharp focus.
The pressing nature of this problem
was recognized during the closing days
of the last session by both houses of
Congress in Senate Joint Resolution
207, pledging prompt action at the
next session of Congress to meet the
Help Consumer.
So as to permit early fulfillment of
this pledge I have issued a call for
an extra session of Congress and to
convene November 15.- I know that
your committee and the House Agri
culture Committee have both been
making extensive inquiries into the
farm situation and will therefore be
in a position to move expeditiously
with the task of shaping the new bill.
The new national farm act should
safeguard farmers’ incomes as well as
their soil fertility. It should provide
for storage of reserve food supplies in
an ever-normal granary, so that if
severe and widespread drought recurs
consumers will be assured of more
adequate supplies with less drastic In
creases in price than would otherwise
be the case. It should provide for
control of surpluses when and as nec
1 essary, but at the same time it should
preserve the export markets that still
are open to our farmers. It should
protect both farmers and consumers
against extreme ups and downs in
prices of farm products. It should be
financed by sound fiscal methods. Lo
cal administration should be kept in
th farmers' hands.
I wish to emphasize especially that
any price stabilizing features, through
loans or other devices, should be rein
forced by effective provision against
the piling up of unmanageable sup
plies. We must never again invite
the collapse of farm prices, the stop
page of farm buying and the demoral
ization of business that followed the
Federal Farm Board’s attempts to
maintain farm prices without control
of farm surpluses.
Safeguards Soil Fertility.
The present agricultural conserva
tion program, though it is not entirely
adequate to keep farm surpluses from
■wrecking farm prices and farm
income, has great intrinsic value as
a .safeguard of soil fertility. Its great
value must be made lasting. There
fore, it is my sincere hope that the
Congress, when it enacts new legisla
tion to protect agriculture and the
Nation against the calamity of farm
price collapse, will assure the contin
uity and permanence, of the agricul
tural conservation program now being
carried forward by nearly1 4,000,000
It is, of course, especially important
that any new legislation should not
unbalance the expected balancing of
the budget. In other words, no addi
tional Federal expenditures from the
general fund of the Treasury should
be made over and above existing
planned expenditures. The only ex
ception to this would be the incurring
of additional' obligations on the part
of the Treasury, backed 100 per cent
by additional receipts from new taxes.
In other words, whatever goes out
must be balanced by an equivalent
amount coming in.
Permanent Act Wanted.
To my mind the purposes of the
proposed new legislation and the ex
isting conservation program are
wholly consistent with each other and
can be related together to the benefit
of agriculture and the Nation.
At the request of both your com
mittee and the Senate Agriculture
Committee. Secretary Wallace and
his aides in the Department of Agri
culture who have had experience in
administering farm programs in the
past have been making studies which
I know will be of great assistance to
you in shaping the new law. With
their help, and the added counsel of
practical farmers throughout the
Nation, I am confident that your com
mittees and your fellow' members can
draft permanent legislation that will
serve the Nation for many years to
— ■ • ...
“I Do Not Feel There Was Any
Responsibility on Our Part,”
Says Dr. S. £. Massengill.
By the Associated Press.
BRISTOL, Va.-Tenn., October 33
Dr. S. E. Massengill of the S. E. Mas
| sengill Co. of Bristol, which has
1 branches in other cities, tonight issued
i the following statement in regard to
! what he termed, the ‘‘unfortunate
elixir sulfanilamide affair.”
“My chemists and I deeply regret
i the fatal results,” he said, "but there
was no error in the manufacture of
the pi^duct. We have been supply
ing legitimate professional demand
and not once could have foreseen the
unlooked-for results. I do not feel that
there was any responsibility on our
part. The chemical sulfanilamide had
been approved for use and had been
used in large quantities in other forms,
and now its many bad effects are de
Dr. Massengill stated that the elixir
sulfanilamide had been withdrawn
from the market while the formula
and samples were being thoroughly
checked by the American Medical As
sociation and Government laboratories.
handles the
best grades of
i I The Famous BLUE
Cool Fuel Oil
37 N St N.W.
North 3609
Arent Wayne Oil Burner
,j|; __ ^ ^ __ .
Big Improvements Have Been J
Made in Window Shades i
TV EW attractiveness for your home-- (
' and important savings! These mod- (
ern shades are made to be scrubbed.
The colors don’t fade. The fabric doesn’t
I sunburn. After scrubbing, Bon tea looks .
as bright, fresh and attractive as newly
washed woodwork. Instead of buying 1
new shades simply wash Bontea. i
‘ Wide choice of colon. ,
Phone NO. 6600
Ubshingtsn i
IB company :
2021 17th STREET N.W.
(Just Above You St.) 1
“Quality Product*—Pricet You Con Afordf' .
■ -:——-A— -
“Sanctions” by U. S. Means
War, Now or Later, For
mer Official Says.
By the Associated Press.
CONCORD, N. H., October 23.—
William R. Castle, Under Secretary of
State in the Hoover administration,
criticized the American neutrality act
tonight as making "real neutrality im
possible” and said "if we go in for
sanctions such as embargoes of one
kind or another it means war either
now or later."
After posing the question on the
Sino-Japanese conflict, "are we sure
that we now are able to laud one na
tion while we wholly condemn an
other” Castle declared:
"There is no safe ground between
official neutrality and official co-opera
tion with one side or the other. And
because the second alternative (offi
cial co-operation) means war, I
wonder whether even the most ardent
partisans would choose it.”
In an address at the 128th annual
meeting of the American Board for
Foreign Missions (Congregational)
Castle, former ambassador to Japan,
“Are those of you here who blame
the Department of State today for not
taking a more vigorous stand against
Japan willing to go to war yourselves
or to send your boys to war to fight
to save China from Japan?”
There is "very grave doubt,” he
suggested, "as to whether we are cap
able of choosing surely the right side
in a controversy.” The American neu
trality act, however, he said, acts "only
in favor of the popular party in a
Need for new missionaries in for
eign fields was stressed today at the
The Rev. Carl M. Gates of Wellesley
Hills, Mass., chairman of the Pruden
tial Committee of the board, said it
was necessary to send additional work
ers abroad In spite of retrenchment
Maj. George Eliot Says Ac
tion Would Be Followed
by Swift Reprisal.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, October 23.—Maj,
George Fielding Eliot of the United
States Army said tonight that any
boycott, embargo or blockade against
Japan might be considered by that
nation “an act of war” to be resisted
by armed force.
He spoke on the third of a series of
radio broadcasts sponsored by World
Peaceways, Inc. Other speakers were
Dr. Frank Kingdon, president of New
ark University, and Dr. J. Max Weis,
director of research for World Peace
The Japanese cannot afford to lose
their war in China, Maj. Eliot said,
and the "cold, hard logic of military
necessity” says “they will meet one
kind of force with another kind of
“They will use their powerful little
navy,” he predicted, "to escort expedi
tionary forces to the Philippines and
Borneo (where the rubber and oil they
need are available), and will establish
themselves in possession of those
islands before any effective interfer
ence can arrive either from the United
States or Europe.”
Unless Americans are willing to risk
becoming involved in a bloody Pacific
war to eject the Japanese, he said,
they must abandon any plans for
a boycott.
Dr. Weis, on the other hand, as
serted that the American people "want
the President to apply the neutrality
act and they want Congress to revise
that act to impose mandatory embar
goes on cotton, oil, steel and iron * * *.
Dr. Kingdon asserted also that “the
President and the Congress will have
to modify, if not abandon, the neu
trality act because it does not consti
tute an international policy, but only
a retreat from one.”
Enforcement of present treaties, he
declared, will not cure the ills of the
world, but merely aggravate them.
Dies in Action
Reports from American vol
unteers in Spain yesterday
listed Dallet, 30, of Youngs
town, Ohio, as "killed in ac
tion" while commanding a
battalion of the Abraham Lin
coln Brigade. Dallet, succes
sively a Dartmouth student,
steel worker and steel union
organizer, was defeated twice
as a Communist party candi
date in Ohio.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.

Film Taken in Peru to Be Shown
at Mount Pleasant Library.
Motion pictures taken on the recent
American Museum solar eclipse ex
pedition to Peru will be shown before
the Washington Photographic Society
at 8 p.m. Wednesday in the Mount
Pleasant Public Library, Sixteenth and
Lamont streets.
Mrs. Lsabel M. Lewis, who was a
member of the expedition, will lecture
as the film, which is in color, is being
shown. The public is invited.
(Continued From First Page.)_
than at present goes for the soil con
servation program.
Government expenditures for aid to
the farmers is approaching the billion
dollar a year mark, when the regular
expenditures for the Department of
Agriculture, amounting to about $115,
000,000. are included along with soil
conservation and security programs
and crop loans. Cotton loans this year
will amount to $130,000,000. and no one
knows just how large the proposed
corn loans will be.
Secretary of Agriculture Wallace is
reported to favor a processing tax for
cotton and possibly for wheat and
tobacco. While the processing tax is
collected from the concerns which
prepare farm products for sale to the
consumers, the consumers are those
who ultimately pay the tax in higher
Purposes Wholly Consistent.
In support of his demand for farm
legislation, the President said in his
letters, "We must never again invite
the collapse of farm prices, the stop
page of farm buying and the demoral
ization of business that followed the
Federal Farm Board’s attempt to
maintain farm prices without control
of farm surpluses. To my mind the
purposes of the proposed new legis
lation and the existing conservation
program are wholly consistent with
each other and can be related together
to the benefit of agriculture and
the Nation.”
When Congress gets down to the
work of drafting the crop control bill
it will have to determine whether it
will make curtailment of crops com
pulsory or voluntary; whether it will
fine or jail farmers who do not stick
to the allotments made by the Gov
ernment, or whether it will pay for
voluntarily complying with the pro
gram. In the old A. A. A., and under
the soil conservation program, the pay
ments are for voluntary compliance.
It is far from likely that the admin
istration or the Congress will under
take compulsory crop control. Farm
ers do not like being “compelled.” even
for their own good. The supposition is
that provision will be made for Gov
ernment payments for compliance
with the crop control program—and
if there is any compulsion, it will only
take place in emergencies, for the pur
pose of protecting prices to the farm
ers and protecting the Government
Outlawed by Court.
Crop control and processing taxes
were outlawed by the Supreme Court
when it invalidated the old A. A. A.
The new legislation may avoid the
constitutional pitfalls of the old, or it
may be that the Supreme Court will be
counted upon for a more "progressive”
attitude in passing upon a new law.
While the President yesterday was
demanding that nothing be done to
upset the budget balancing apple cart,
blasts were Issued attacking the ad
ministration's handling of the fiscal
affairs of the Government from two
sources. Representative J. William
Ditter, Republican, of Pennsylvania, a
member of the House Appropriations
Committee, requested three of the
largest spending departments of the
Government to prepare budget esti
mates for the fiscal year 1939 cutting
25 per cent from the budget for the
year 1938. He did not include the De
| partment of Agriculture, but sent his
I requests to the Treasury, Navy and Post
Office Departments. The other attack
came from the National Economy
League, w-hich demanded that the ad
! ministration give the people the facts
| and not estimates that constantly were
! found to be in error by hundreds of
; millions of dollars.
Representative Ditter. in a state
ment to the press, said: “Five years
have passed without a genuine and
i sincere effort on the part of President
! Roosevelt to balance the Federal budg
et. In view- of the present acute situ
' ation in Federal finances, and the
resulting threat to business recovery,
the time has come for positive action
looking to an honestly balanced Fed
eral budget.”
After quoting a speech by President
Roosevelt in October, 1932, in which
the President said he pledged himself
to rigid economy, Ditter gave the defi
cits by fiscal years which have accrued
since Roosevelt took office, from the
Treasury record, as follows: For 1933.
$3,063,256,000; 1934, $3,989,496,000;
1935, $3,57^,357,000; 1936, $4,763,841,
000; 1937, $2,811,318,000; 1938 (July 1
to October 23, 1937), $508,614,344. The
total deficits amounted to $18,711,
The National Economy League, re
ferring to the President's recent re
vision of the budget for the fiscal year
1938—the current year—said it "is one
more example of a belated correction
of overoptimistlc and wishful esti
"When this budget was first sub
mitted in January. 1937, it promised a
| 'layman's balance.' The marked drop
in revenues in March led to a revision
I of estimates in April, which showed h
net deficit of $418,000,000. This latest
j revision, which allows for the appro
priations o' the last session, forecasts
a net deficit of $695,000,000. Instead
of a predicted surplus (exclusive of
debt retirement) of $37,000,000, we are
now confronted with a prospective net i
deficit, or debt increase, of $695,
j 000,000.”
Unless the President is firm in his
j demand that Congress shall not add
| new expenditures without providing
! new revenue through taxation to meet
! those expenditures, the deficit may go
even higher at the end of the present
I fiscal year. A drop in revenue would
j have a similar effect.
Grace Gray DeLonf
Psychic “with the mys
tic television eyes"
heard over WOL. For
solution of perplexing
personal problems con
sult this clear-seeing
life reader and adviser.
- Phone: MEt. 5 2 3 4.
1100 12th St. N.W.t Cor. "L" St.
^B Present a New
■MBA (The Minum made by Starr)
* Full Keyboard
||| • Mahogany Finish
■ • Nicely Toned
||| • Fits on a 2 x5' Rug
• Handsomely Designed
With This
Advertisement ^^B
£ CRYSTALS 25c /
J the <
i 913 PA. AVE. N.W. }
Hirota Reported Doubtful of
Parley Attendance, Even
If Delayed.
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, October 24 (Sunday).—
Foreign Minister Koki Hirota was
understood today to have advised
Belgian Ambassador Baron Bassom
pierre he was unable to assure Japan’s
participation in the Brussels nine
power conference on the Chtnese
Japanese conflict, even if it should be
The Belgian envoy said he had dis
cussed the conference (scheduled to
be held October 30-November 3) with
the foreign minister and declared a
postponement may be allowed if
Japan should accept the invitation to
The foreign minister was under
stood to have replied a postponement
was desirable, but that even so he
could not assure that Japan would at
Japan is the only signatory of the
nine-power treaty whose participation
remains in doubt.
Belgium Considers Delay.
BRUSSELS. October 23 (/PI.—'The
Belgian foreign office disclosed today
the government was considering post
poning the nine-power conference on
the Chinese-Japanese conflict from
October 30 to November 3.
Belgian officials indicated they be
lieved Japan would participate in the
conference, called to seek means of
bringing peace to the Orient. This
optimism was understood to be based
on negotiations under way today in
Bullitt Sees Delbos.
PARIS, October 23 M5).—United
States Ambassador William C. Bullitt
had a long conversation today with
Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos, and
French sources raid the nine-power
Brussels conference on the Far Eastern
conflict and the Spanish situation were
Later Delbos conferred with Sir Eric
Phipp6, the British Ambassador.
- -9
A Halloween carnival to raise funds
for war victims in republican Spain
will be given Saturday under the aus
pices of the Spanish Committee in De
fense of Democracy. Featuring a mas
querade ball, the carnival will be held
at the Washington Hotel from 10 p.m.
to 2 a m.
-9 ■ -
Nazis in Silent Parade.
VIENNA. October 12 iiP'.—Austrian
Nazis who have been accused of many
violent demonstrations tonight tried a
new kind—a silent parade. An esti
mated 6,000 Nazis walked through the
streets to protest against the closing
of the Fatherland Front membership
January 1, as decreed. Three arrests
were made.
100,000 Will Celebrate 15th
Anniversary of Famed <
Mussolini Coup.
By the Associated Press.
ROME, October 23.—Nearly 100,000
leaders and minor chieftains will begin
to “march” on Rome Monday night
for a celebration Thursday of the
fifteenth anniversary of the rise to •>
power of Benito Mussolini.
Their "march”—by truck and rail
road trains—will commemorate the
Fascist march on Rome October 28,
1922, which brought II Duce to the
prime ministership. The columns will
march into the capital Thursday
morning for a review of all sections
of the Fascist forces, such as would
have been staged by the imperial
Caesars of ancient Rome.
Three of the quadrumvirs who led
the march on Rome 15 years ago will
be present Thursday. They are Mar- '
shal Italo Balbo, Governor of Libya;
Marshal Emilio de Bono, conqueror
of Adua, and Count de Vecchi di Val
Cismon, Governor of the Dodecanese
Islands. The fourth, Michele Bianchi,
is dead.
Contrary to the legend which has
grown up uncontradicted in the minds
of Italian youth, Mussolini did not
lead the march. He came to Rome—
and power—on October 29 by train at
the summons of King Vittorio Eman
uele to halt the threat of civil war.
In addition to inaugurating many
public works throughout the kingdom, .
II Duce is expected to speak, exalting
the 15-year growth of Facism and its
More foreign travelers toured Bel
gium this year than in several seasons.
A magnificent set
ting—a cuisine cele
brated for its ex
deluxe $4 50
dinner I =


Headache Eye Strain
Positively relieved
Our Scientific Glasses Satisfy
FOR THIS WEEK ONLY! . InTliibIf Bifoc„ .
White or flesh-tint, graved INVISIBLE BIFOCAL
frames fitted ^ a LENSES. One pair to see
accurately... 83’8° g $$-95 .
$8.00 Value Cylindrical or Tinted Not Included
The Shah Optical Co.
Exclusive OUR NEW LOCATION Tormerly at |
Optics 927 F ST.
m i

jWaettsion Coate
Joseph May & Sons *

THE discriminating man
ranks a Maenson Coat
from England among his
„ favorite and enduring posses
sions—because of its perfect
English cut and tailoring, and
the handsome character of the
cloth—unmistakably the best
that Britain produces.
« *
Exclusively at
Sidney West, inc. 14th & G
, EUGENE C. GOTT, President J
N— -h ' j?

xml | txt