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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 30, 1937, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(0 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and slightly colder tonight; to
morrow cloudy and colder; fresh west
winds tonight shifting to north tomorrow.
Temperatures today—Highest, 77, at 1
p.m.; lowest, 49, at 3 a.m.
Full report on page A-9.
__ p , „ Yetterday’i Circulation, 145,838
Closing N. I. Markets*—Sale*-rage 10 _(Some returrs not let recelTed.)
85th YEAR. No. '34,150. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1937-FORTY PAGES. *» on M..n. A..oci«t.d Pr...- TWO CENTS.
’ FURNITURE DRIVE
BV C. 1.0. ADDS 10
DM LABOR RIF1
Lewis Invites A. F. L. Group
to Join in Formation of
Single National Group.
GREEN BRANDS STEP
“WARLIKE GESTURE”
Declares “It Is Bound to Have
Disturbing Effect Upon Peace
Negotiations.”
BACKGROUND—
For two years American labor
thas been split into two camps, the
Committee for Industrial Organi
zation spurning the American Fed
eration of Labor and going out on
its own to organise the mass-pro
duction industries as separate en
tities, in opposition to the A. F. of
L. principle of unionisation by
craft.
A “peace meeting” between the
two factions here this week re
cessed inconclusively, pending a
later attempt to get together, but
prospects are poor for settlement.
Ml the Associated Press.
Organized labor's civil warfare broke
out openly again today over a C. I. O.
proposal to enroll all furniture work
ers Into one big union.
Without waiting for resumption of
stalemated peace negotiations with the
American Federation of Labor, John
L. Lewis, chairman of the C. I. O., in
vited A. F. of L. craftsmen in the
furniture, bedding and allied trades
to meet C. I. O. furniture workers in
a national unity conference here No
vember 27-29.
• William Green, A. F. of L. presi
dent, termed the Lewis maneuver a
“warlike gesture” and added:
“It is bound to have a disturbing
effect upon pending peace negotia
tions It seems to us indicative of
the C. I. O. position.”
250,000 Held Eligible.
Mr. Lewis said the conference will
lay the basis for unity of all furni
ture workers in a single, powerful in
ternational industrial union affiliated
with the C. I. O.”
The C. I. O. estimated 250,000 work
ers were employed in the furniture
trades, 60,000 of them organized in
unions.
Mr. Lewis’ aides said they did not
regard the proposal as having any re
lation to the peace negotiations which
recessed Wednesday until November 4.
They disclosed that C. I. O. has ob
served no formal armistice since both
factions exchanged peace conference
proposals during the week of October
11. The Lewis wing of the labor
movement, they said, has chartered 53
local industrial C. I. O. unions since
October 11 and has kept its organiza
tion machine at full speed.
Part of Planned Strategy.
The move to establish an industrial
union for furniture workers was part
of the organization strategy agreed on
at the C. I. O. conference in Atlantic
City in mid-October.
The leaders of 32 C. I. O. interna
tional unions adopted a resolution di
recting Mr. Lewis to call the furniture
workers’ meeting within 30 days.
Leaders on both sides indicated their
negotiating committees would still go
through with the scheduled resump
tion of the peace talks next Thursday.
_
60-CENT CORN LOAN
ASKED IN ILLINOIS
Farm Group Representatives Tell
Senate Unit a Loan Is Impera
tive—Some Want It $1.
By the Associated Press.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Oct. 30.—Rep
resentatives of Illinois agricultural
organizations called upon Secretary
Wallace today to initiate action for
a Government loan of at least 60
cents a bushel on the 1937 com crop.
They dispatched the appeal after
telling the Senate Agricultural Sub
committee yesterday a falling cash
market made a com loan imperative.
Some of the farmers insisted the
loan should be as high as $1 per
bushel, but at a meeting last night
they voted 30 to 1 to ask for a 60
eent loan.
The subcommittee consisting of Sen
ators Thomas of Oklahoma, Frazier
of North Dakota and Ellender of
Louisiana is touring the farm belt
to gauge sentiment on agricultural
measures to be introduced at the spe
cial session of Congress.
The Senators were told Illinois
farmers were almost unanimously in
favor of administration proposals for
crop production control and the ever
normal granary plan.
A majority of the farmers who
appeared at the hearing advocated
continuation of the present soil con
servation program.
t • 111 i
Charles Michelson
.Voted Outstanding
By Publicity Men
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 29.—The
National Association of Accred
ited Publicity Directors an
nounced last night that Charles
Michelson of Washington, D. C.,
had won the first annual award
for "outstanding service in pub
licity.”
Michelson is director of pub
licity for the Democratic National
Committee. I
v— -i
4
Five Scheduled *
For Same Time
On Program Die
By the Associated Press.
ADA, Okla., Oct. 30.—Death dogged
the East Central Educational Asso
ciation meeting, striking five speak
ers—all scheduled for the same spot—
from the program.
First to be Invited was Senator Jos
eph T. Robinson of Arkansas, who
died in July.
Then Amelia Earhart was asked.
She accepted, flew off on her ill-fated
world flight and plunged into the Pa
cific.
Next to accept was Dr. H. H. Cherry,
president of Bowling Green, Ky„
Teachers’ College. He too, died, and
so did Dr. M. E. Haggerty of the Uni
versity of Minnesota faculty.
Yesterday, Representative R. P. Hill
of Oklahoma, last to be invited, died.
The convention is in progress here.
MAY GO IN BUDGET
Two Billion in Obligations
Would Be Liquidated
Under Plan.
Br the Associated Press.
A balanced Federal budget probably
would send the owners of $2,000,000,000
in tax-free Government securities
searching for new field* of investment,
fiscal authorities said today.
They said a substantial sum—per
haps $400,000,000 to $600,000,000—may
be included in the 1938 budget for
paying off existing debt.
This, plus operation of financial
provisions of the Social Security and
Railroad Retirement Acts, would
liquidate about $2,000,000,000 of Fed
eral obligations now in the hands of
the public.
Under the security and rail pension
laws about $1,500,000,000 of the Gov
ernment debt will be shifted from pri
vate holders to the Treasury during
the next fiscal year.
Special Obligations.
This transfer will be accomplished
by retiring present outstanding ob
ligations as they mature. Then, in
stead of selling new securities to the
public, the Treasury will issue spe
| cial obligations to security and rail
I road pension reserve accounts.
These obligations are issued against
tax collections under the two social
programs. The cash collected from
the taxes drops into the Treasury’s
general fund and is spent for supplies,
services, public works or other Gov
ernment expenses.
About $1,000,000,000 of the special
obligations already have been issued,
permitting the Treasury to borrow
this amount without offering secur
ities for sale to the public. Some
of the special issues bear 2% per
cent interest and some 3 per cent.
The average interest rate on the
entire $37,000,000,000 Federal debt
now is 2.55 per cent.
Even Budget Predicted.
President Roosevelt repeatedly has
predicted Treasury income will level
up with outgo in the next fiscal year,
which begins July 1, 1938.
In a press conference yesterday at
Hyde Park, N. Y., he indicated his
plans for balancing the budget are
revolving around hopes of increasing
the buying power of lower income
groups.
Officials said today that whether the
budget-balancing and debt retirement
programs for next year materialize de
pends largely on future business trends
and congressional action on a new
farm program.
Should business continue recent
downward curves, informed persons
said, the administration would have
little chance of bringing spending
within income and cutting the aggre
gate debt.
Train Tips Lag; Pay Raise Asked.
OMAHA, Nebr., Oct. 30 C43).—Presi
dent Solon C. Ball of the National
Council of Dining Car Employes de
clared today train passengers were
“sick and tired of tipping” and have
virtually "abolished the tipping prac
tice.” Hence, he added, the council
has approved a proposed contract with
railroads outlawing tips and asking
minimum salaries of $160 a month.
LEADERS PUSHING
SPECIAL SESSION
5-P0INEPR0GR1
Some Feel All Can’t Be En
acted Before January De
spite Preparations.
COMMITTEES STRIVE
TO HAVE BILLS READY
Reorganization Measure to Be All
Set by Nov. 15—Delay Seen
on Anti-Trust Law.
By the Associated Press.
Administration leaders in Congress
are working against time in an effort
to get President Roosevelt’s five-point
program ready for debate at the spe
cial session beginning November 15.
House and Senate Agriculture Com
mittees are the busiest, for farm legis
lation will have the right of way.
Members interested in other bills, how
ever, also are returning early.
Even if all major bills should be
ready at the start of the session—
and some will not—many legislators
have expressed the belief the entire
program cannot be enacted before
the regular session begins in January.
Here is the status of measures on
the administration program:
The House Agriculture Committee
is completing a bill to limit acreage
planted in principal crops. Farmers
would be allowed to raise and market
as much as they can on their allotted
land.
Chairman Jones said the measure
also would continue the present soil
conservation benefits and would estab
lish an ever-normal granary system
to store surpluses of some crops for
use in lean years.
Members of the Senate Agriculture
Committee still are getting the views
of farmers themselves.
wage-nour stanaarus.
There have been unconfirmed re
ports that revisions may be offered to
the bill empowering a board to estab
lish in interstate industries a work
week of not less than 40 hours and
minimum wages of not more than
40 cents an hour.
The present measure, now bottled
up in the House Rules Committee,
has been criticized by leaders of
both the American Federation of La
bor and the Committee for Industrial
Organization. Many Southern Con
gressmen are opposed to it, contend
ing it would retard industrial develop
ment in the South.
Chairman O’Connor of the House
Rules Committee has written members
urging them to permit the bill to reach
the floor. The Senate passed it last
summer.
Chairman Cochran of the House
Reorganization Committee will re
turn next week to take charge of bills
revising the civil service system and
replacing the controller general with
an auditor general.
The House approved last summer
the other portions of the President’s
reorganization program: Creation of
six administrative assistants at the
White House and authority to rear
range Government agencies.
The Senate Committee lumped the
entire program into one bill, which
Senator Byrnes, Democrat, of South
Carolina, said would be ready at the
start of the special session.
Regional Planning.
The President’s regional planning
recommendations, first submitted last
summer, will receive impetus when
Senator Norris, independent, of Ne
braska arrives in a few days.
He is the author of a bill to put
into operation the program, designed
to conserve the natural resources,
prevent floods and produce electric
power for general use.
The President asked that anti-trust
laws be revised to make them work
more effectively, and the Federal
Trade Commission is expected to
reiterate its own recommendations toi
changes.
No bills have yet been offered, and
officials say the subject is so compli
cated that action may be delayed un
til the regular 1938 session.
Seabiscuit Scratched, Duel
With War Admiral Delayed
The War Admiral-Seabiscuit duel is
off—at least as far as today Is con
cerned.
The 4-year-old Seabiscuit, Mrs.
Charles S. Howard’s handicap cham
pion, this morning was scratched from
the $15,000 Washington Handicap,
closing day feature at Laurel, and con
sequently it will be the Held against
the Admiral when the Glen Riddle’s
3-year-old champion goes postward.
No immediate reason was given for
talcing Mrs. Howard’s bay son of
Hardtack out of the line-up. It was
taken for granted, however, that the
heavy rains of the past week have
softened up the track too much for the
liking of the handlers of Seabiscuit,
which was giving War Admiral a 4
pound pull in weights for the mile
and a quarter, being due to carry 130
pounds against 126 for his younger
rival.
Despite the withdrawal of the How
ard horse, there was some keen com
petition in sight in the Washington,
as well as in the secondary feature for
2-year-olds, the Spalding Lowe Jen
kins. A crowd of upward of 20,000
was in prospect. -.
A turnout of equal size for the com
bined local football card also was
forecast with ideal weather conditions
prevailing. Grid enthusiasts had their
choice between Georgetown-Manhat
tan at Griffith Stadium and Mary
land-Florida at College Park, where
the Terrapins axe celebrating home
coming day.
The meeting between Seabiscuit and
War Admiral would have settled a lot
of arguments that have raged over
this pair since the son of Man o’ War
was forced to the sidelines after win
ning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness
and Belmont when a hoof went bad.
>
In the meantime, Seabiscuit has been
going along in fine style and this yeai
has picked up $157,000 in purses, as
against a shade over $145,000 for the
pride of Glen Riddle.
War Admiral had a tightener ovei
the mile-and-a-sixteenth route earliei
this week in preparation for thi
Washington and had no trouble ir
disposing of the competition.
It was his first foray against oldei
horses.
The scratching of Seabiscuit wil
mean that the eyes of the racegoers
will be turned on T. P. Morgan's
good 3-year-old Heelfly, which racet
the Howard colorbearer to a deac
heat in the Laurel Stakes two weeks
ago; Calumet Dick, Ella K. Bryson’s
5-year-old son of Gallant Fox, whlcl
headed the Hardtack colt in the Nar
ragansett Special, and Aneroid, thi
consistent stake horse owned by J. A
Manfuso of Washington, which los
a nose decision to Seabiscuit in thi
Brooklyn Handicap and finished i
not-so-good second to War Admira
this past week. Calumet Dick i
carrying 119, Aneroid, 125, and Heel
fly, 108.
Barring additional withdrawals, thi
rest of the field will be made up o
Valdina Farm’s Eagle Pass, 115; W
M. Jeffords’ Firethorn, 119; W. D
Brann’s Challephen, 108; Shandoi
Farm’s Burning Star, 118, and Alfrei
Gwynne Vanderbilt’s Chanoevlew
109.
Chaps and Teddy’s Comet look thi
bast of the Jenkins field, the latte:
being a particularly consistent per
former. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whit
ney, who is quitting the racing game
has entered both The Chief am
Handcuff, but they have bqen goin
poorly. *
HALLOWEEN!
IAPANESEATTACK
STIFFENS BRITAIN
Stronger Attitude Likely in
Nine-Power Talks at
Brussels.
BACKGROUND—
Three British soldiers killed and
several wounded yesterday when
outpost of British section of Inter
national Settlement at Shanghai
was struck by misdirected Japa
nese shell. Anglo-Japanese tension
rose first as result of wounding of
British Ambassador to China, Sir
Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen, on
the road from Nanking to Shang
hai August 26. British, nationals
in constant peril from Japanese
raids on Nanking, Shanghai and
other Chinese cities.
I»the*Associated Press.
LONDON, Oct. 30— Britain will
enter the nine-power treaty talks at
Brussels next Wednesday, it was in
dicated today, with a “much stiller
back” as a result of repeated Japanese
offenses against British troops and
property in China.
The troublesome Spanish war nego
tiations—still deadlocked on the Brit
ish plan for withdrawal of foreign
troops—was virtually shelved over the
week end as British ministers devoted
attention to incidents in the Orient
and the approaching conference aimed
to curb the Chinese-Japanese conflict.
Soviet Russia’s insistence that the
“bulk” of foreign warriors be with
drawn from Spain before belligerent
rights were granted to the Valencia
government and its insurgent foes
tightened the Spanish neutrality dead
lock yesterday.
Continuance of the impasse, while
contrary to British hopes, gave His
Majesty’s government time in which
to devote undivided Attention to the
Chinese-Japanese convict.
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
devoted another of his busy week ends
to the Far Eastern problem, while
gout-afflicted Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain kept in close touch with
the situation from his country estate.
The sharpest protest yet In the
growing series of representations to
the Tokio government was expected to
be dispatched as soon as the facts
concerning the killing of three Royal
•Ulster riflemen yesterday at Shanghai
became available.
The matter will be aired In House
of Commons debate next week. La
borltes were expected to redouble theii
pressure for a boycott of Japanese
goods. The government itself wa;
firmly opposed to any official boycott
but the movement apparently wae
spreading among the public.
Prime Minister Chamberlain, whc
left yesterday for his Chequers estate
hoped to return Monday to supervise
handling of the latest incident in the
Orient.
Diplomats in Brussels expressed be
lief there was still a good possibilitj
the forthcoming conference woulc
evolve an acceptable plan for peace
between China and Japan.
* OfTers of mediation by interested
powers seemed still foremost in th<
minds of the diplomats as the besi
means to halt the warfare, but there
were no indications of any direct ex
changes yet.
Diplomats Still Hopeful
Soviet Russia, which was neither ar
adherent nor a signatory of the nine
power pact drawn up in Washingtor
in 1922, accepted an invitation to the
talks. Foreign Minister Maxim Litvi
noff announced the decision to accept
was based on Russia’s interest In Fai
; Eastern affairs.
The Russian acceptance followed
close upon the heels of German re
jection of the invitation on the ground!
i that the Reich was not a party to the
. treaty.
Litvinoff to Visit Brussels.
BRUSSELS, Oct. 30 040.—The Bel
[ gian government was advised todai
i that Maxim Litvinoff, Soviet foreigr
, minister, would head Moscow’s dele
gation to the Nine-Power Pact Con
. ferenoe here next week.
; This brought to four the prospectivi
number of foreign ministers to engagi
in the consultations on the Chinese
[ Japanese War—Belgium’s Paul Spaak
[ Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden o:
Britain and Foreign Minister Yvoi
Delbos of France.
Pope Back at Vatican.
VATICAN CITY, Oct. 30 iJP).—-Pop
Plus returned to the Vatican by auto
[ mobile today from Caste 1 Gandolfc
r where he had spent a Mpg summe
residence. V
Rents in Capital
Up 3.3 Per Cent
In Last 2 Years
Rents in Washington on all types
of dwelling units have increased 3.3
per cent above the average for 1935,
the Labor Department announced to- |
day. The survey, based on Septem
ber of this year, indicated there has
been a slight upward trend of rents
since the beginning of the year.
The department stated the survey
included a sample group of 830 dwell
ing units occupied by white families
in all sections of the city proper
and included all price classes. The
list of units was revised slightly since
1935.
The increase in apartment rents
was placed at 3.6 per cent, and for
one-family dwellings, 2.8 per cent.
Other classes were as follows: Two
family houses, 2.2 per cent: three
and four family flats, 2.8 per cent,
and unclassified, 3.9 per cent.
SALESGIRLS’ PAH
RAISE FORECAST
Minimum Wage Conference
Acts—$17.50 Figure
Expected.
BACKGROUND—
Minimum wages for women and
minors in the District were estab
lished originally under an act of
Congress approved September 19,
1918, but the Supreme Court ruled
the law unconstitutional in 1923.
The decision was reversed last
March when the high court passed
on the Washington State wage
law. The Commissioners appointed
a Minimum Wage Board last July
and it selected the retail trade
industry for first attention in a
revival of the minimum wage
standards.
An increase in the wages of many
of Washington’s salesgirls will be or
dered next week by the Minimum
Wage Board, according to the most
reliable reports available today, if there
is no change in a decision reached
last night by its retail trade confer
ence—a decision not announced yet
because of a technicality in the law.
Reports are that the conference
agreed to recommend a minimum wage
1 “somewhere near” $17.50, or about $1
a week higher than the old rate of
$16.50 which was fixed *by the Dis
trict’s original Minimum Wage Board
nearly 20 years ago.
Mrs. William Kittle, chairman of
the board, who is a representative of
the general public, said the confer
ence had voted finally on the minimum
wage for Washington’s 8,000-odd em
ployes in the retail trade industry, but
that the decision could not be an
nounced until after another meeting of
the conference Tuesday night.
Board Must Act.
The reason given was that the law
prescribes that a minimum wage be
recommended by a conference com
> mittee, after hearing testimony from
interested parties, and the Minimum
Wage Board itself must approve or
reject this recommendation, or set up
a new conference to consider the prob
lem anew.
That there will be a minority re
(See WAGES, Page A-9.)
FIRST ‘LIBERTY’ BIRDS
ARRIVE AT BRONX ZOO
Delicate Quetzals, First Ever Ex
ported Alive From Guatemala,
Make Slaves of Handlers.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 30.—Nine “Lib
erty” birds, the first ever exported
. alive from Guatemala, went to the
I Bronx Zoo today but the scientists who
brought them here had anything but
, liberty in the task.
The quetzals, national symbol of
, Guatemala because they usually die
i in captivity and hence are considered
. symbolic of freedom, kept Dr. Wolf
gang Von Hagen and assistants on
' the jump coming up from Honduras
i with this schedule:
They were awakened daily at 6
a.m. for an eye-opener of cod liver oil;
were fed a mixture of com grits,
bananas and alligator pears an hour
j later; were fed worms two hours
■ later; were fed again at noon and
, again at 3 p.m.; on top of that, they
r had to be taken to the Zoo in a spe
cially heated car. |
1
DAVIDSON SUSPECT
TO CHANGE TAILS
3oss’ Attorney Complains
He’s Refused Chance to
See Client in Alexandria.
By the Associated Press.
FREDERICKSBURG. Va.. Oct.
30.—Judge Frederick W. Coleman to
day issued an order directing that
Walter L. Ross, under arrest for the
murder of Elmer J. Davidson, be
transferred immediately from Alex
andria to the Fredericksburg Jail to
iwait trial at Stafford next month.
Sheriff W. E. Curtis left at once
for Alexandria and expected to bring
him to the local jail this afternoon.
Ross, I7-year-old United States
Marine Corps private, has been held
tor a week in the Alexandria Jail,
where he was taken secretely and
booked under a fictitious name two
days after his arrest at Quantico on
charges of slaying the 52-year-old
Washington attorney on a lonely Staf
ford by-road the night of October 3.
Frank P. Moncure of Stafford,
counsel for Ross, applied to Judge
Coleman earlier this week to have
the accused lodged in the Stafford
County jail to facilitate preparation
of the youth’s defense. Today he
declared the county jail was adequately
safe and would give counsel con
venient opportunity to confer with
their client.
He informed the judge that Alex
andria jailers had refused to admit
counsel to interview Ross. Judge
Coleman said he “could not conceive”
how an officer could deny a prisoner
his “constitutional right lo confer
with counsel.”
G. B. Wallace, commonwealth’s at
torney, who will prosecute the mur
der charge, said he was not con
sulted by officers when Ross was car
ried to Alexandria. He did not op
pose the transfer to Stafford, but
advised that if the county jail was
used a guard should be provided.
Judge Coleman said he had nc
confidence in “county jails” and or
dered the sheriff to bring Ross tc
Fredericksburg.
HITLER ORDERS SCHACHT
TO REMAIN IN MINISTRY
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. Oct. 30.—The efforts oi
Dr. Hjalmar Schacht to create ar
accomplished fact by announcing h<
had ceased to be Germany’s economics
minister were disclosed
have failed.
Chancellor Adolf Hitler, It was
learned, has declined for the present
to give Dr. Schacht his discharge.
At Hitler’s command, Dr. Schachl
must remain as minister against hif
own will, though the title appears
to be an empty one, since chancellery
circles admitted he has not been func
tioning in his post since August II.
LOST BATTALION
TO TAKE REFUGE
IN FOREIGN AREA
British Police Report Chinese
Are Laying Down Arms on
Plea of Consuls General.
INTERNATIONAL SECTION PERIL
IS FEARED IN CONTINUED DEFI
Decision to Abandon Warehouse Comes
as Japanese Open Hot Bombardment
With Artillery.
BACKGROUND—
Chinese forced to evacuate Chapei and Kiangwan. northern defense
positions at Shanghai, this week after Japanese capture of Tazang, key
point in defenders" activity. Retreat left a "lost battalion” of about
200 men to face death in ruins of Chinese quarter of Shanghai. Small
force has held out heroically against overwhelming odds. American
and British sectors of International Settlement endangered.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Oct. 30.—British police reported tonight
that China’s famous “lost battalion” in devastated Chapei
was laying down its arms and soon would come into the
International Settlement for sanctuary.
The reported decision of the battalion to abandon its stand
against the surrounding Japanese was said to be the result of the
urgings of foreign consuls general, who sought to end a situation
considered dangerous to the international areas.
It was feared the settlement would be gravely endangered if
the battalion continued to defy its enemies.
Held Out Since Wednesday.
The battalion, unit of the famous 88th Division, had held out
in a warehouse-fortress near the settlement boundary since the
general Chinese retreat from Chapei Wednesday.
Thursday its commander rejected an offer of American and
British commanders at Shanghai to facilitate its withdrawal into
the safety of the settlement.
British officers of the Shanghai Municipal Council’s police
force said the Chinese would surrender their arms to the British
Royal Welch Fusiliers guarding the settlement boundary. After
that they would be taken to a concentration camp within the
settlement and precautions would be taken to make sure they did
not further participate in the war.
The police admitted the surrender project still was subject to
many uncertainties, but in preparation they assembled a large
cavalcade of trucks and a heavy police detachment at the settle
ment boundary.
Methodical Bombardment Begun.
Earlier tonight the Japanese, who surrounded the fortress on
three sides, had begun a steady, methodical artillery bombardment
of the beleaguered stronghold.
With four 75-millimeter guns mounted 100 yards away, Japa
nese artillery slowly fired shells in an attempt to batter a hole in
the rear of the warehouse through which a hand-to-hand charge
would be possible.
The bombardment began after Rear Admiral Tadao Honda,
Japanese naval attache, issued the “lost battalion” a surrender
or-die ultimatum.
Hsieh Chin-yuan, regimental commander within the belea
guered warehouse-fortress, sent back a farewell message to Gen.
Sun Yuan-liang, commander of the Chinese 88th Division.
Halloween pageant on t/onsuuiuun
avenue N.W. at 7:30. Page A-12
! Traffic survey ordered by planning
I commission. PageA_12
I SPORTS.
Football hits half-way mark with
i classy schedule. Page C-8
] Terps, Hoyas vying for D. C. grid
. patronage today. Page C-8
High school title race between Tech
and Eastern. Page C-8
• o. W. lacks speed, versatility in losing
to Tulsa. Page C-9
. Armstrong kayoes Sarron to take
feather title. Page C-9
EDITORIALS AND COMMENT.
. Editorials. Page A-6
[ This and That. Page A-6
. Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-6
L Answers to Questions. . Page A-6
. David Lawrence. Page A-7
L H. R. Baukhage. Page A-7
; Mark Sullivan. Page A-7
I Jay Franklin. Page A-7
Lemuel F. Parton. Page A-7
I
MISCELLANY.
Nature’s Children. Page A-7
s Bedtime Story. Page A-7
l Shipping New?. Page A-9
i city News in Brief. Page A-5
L Traffic Convictions. Page B-3
* Betsy Caswell. PageC-10
t Dorothy Dlx. PageC-10
r Vital Statistics. Page C-ll
l Cross-word Puzzle. Page C-18
s Letter-Out. » Page C-18
I Contract Bridg| Page C-19
Page. Page
Art _B-3 Music -B-‘
Amusements C-20 Obituary — A-1
Books _B-2 Radio-A-l
Church News, Real Estate,
B-5-6-7 C 1 to '
Comics ..C-18-19 Short Story.C-i:
Editorials — A-6 Society-B-l
Finance_A-10 Sports-C-8-!
Inst & Found C-ll Woman’s Pg. C-H
WAR IN FAR EAST.
Japanese attack stiffens attitude o
Britain. Page A-:
Lost battalion to take refuge in For
eign Settlement Page A-:
NATIONAL.
Administration leaders pushing Roose
velt program. Page A-:
Green calls new C. I. O. move “war
like gesture.” Page A-:
Half-billion may be included in budg
et for paying off debt. Page A
Churches told to "prepare for the nex
war.” Page A-i
Copeland to probe "communistic in
fluences” aboard ships. Page A-l
WASHINGTON AND VICINITT.
Sea biscuit withdrawn from today’
Washington Handicap. Page A
MinilBum wage conference decides 01
girls’ pay. Page A
Dtstrict automobile show opens her
with parade. Page A
Flood passes crest here with onl:
nominal damage. Page A
*>Uce make bigeit bootleg haul sine
repeal jp P*** A-i
Summary of Today's Star
1/CatU AO CVAA unmipui >-u»i w
question,” Hsieh told his superior,
“and our sacrifice will not be in
vain.”
The commander said defenses of
the warehouse, the last Chinese
resistance in Chapel, were ready and
that his soldiers would fight to the
last man.
The Japanese shells were being fired
directly toward the International Set
tlement. But the closeness of the
guns to their target made it improb
able that stray shots would hit the
nearby foreign areas.
Officials of the British-owned
(See^SHANGHAI, Page A-9.)
FRENCH MIUIAKI
RULING MOROCCO
Army and Courts Unite to Quell
Arab Uprising—1,000
Arrested.
By the Associated Press.
CASABLANCA, French Morocco,
Oct. 30.—French colonial troops and
Moroccan courts joined forces today
in an attempt to quell native na
tionalist uprisings for which officials
blamed agents of a "foreign totali
tarian power.”
Firm military and judicial measures
were taken to nip what officials de
clared was a plot to overthrow the
French protectorate and set up an
independent Arab kingdom.
Heavy troop patrols were established
on the Algerian frontier to prevent
Arab nationalist agitators from flee
ing Morocco. The frontier was prac
tically closed to all except foreigners.
Soldiers—mostly Sengalese Legion
naires—mounted strong guards around
the strife centers, especially in the
Medina area and in Fes, where the
native quarter was descrbed as "ram
pant with nationalism.” French mili
tary planes helped patrol the trouble
sone.
Troops and police combined made
nearly 1,000 arrests yesterday and were
busy last evening breaking up demon
strations which in many cases de
veloped into bitter street fights.
THE 1938 AUTO SHOW
Tomorrow in a special sec
tion of TFie Sunday Star will be
found pictures of the new model
automobiles with a detailed de
scription of the various makes
and their specifications. The
section also will contain signed
stories relating to traffic and
safety by both Federal and Dis
trict officials, reviews of the
automotive industry and forecasts
for the coming year by lebding
manufacturers. The section is
compiled by G. Adams Howard,
^utomobih^ditor^^^^^^^^
Break With Britain
Over Aid for China
Threatens in Japan
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, Oct. 30.—An unofficial
group of highly placed Japanese to
day charged that Britain was helping
China in her war against Japan and
warned that Anglo-Japanese diplo
matic relations might be broken if
this continued.
“The Council of the Current Situa
tion,” with more than 100 prominent
men attending, unanimously and amid
wild cheering adopted this resolution.
“If the British fail to reconsider
their attitude we may be forced to take
an attitude of grave determination by
severing years of friendly diplomatic
relations.” ... „
Those present included Teijiro Yam
amoto, former cabinet minister and
a leader of the Seiyukai party: U.
Gen. Yoshitsugu Tatekawa, prominent
in nationalistic movements, and Shin
go Tsuda, one of Japan’s outstanding
industrialists.
The resolution accused Britain of
being “the main driving force in the
convocation of the Nine-Power Con
ference, apparently to start interven
tion.” _

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