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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 31, 1937, Image 18

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ELECT GEN. LEACH
Increase in Ultramodern
Armaments Is Urged by
Association.
By the Associated Press.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., Oct. 30.—
The National Guard Association of
the United States today called for ad
ditional ultramodern armaments and
elected Brig. Gen. George E. Leach,
Mayor of Minneapolis, to succeed Brig.
Gen. S. Gardner Waller of Virginia
as president.
San Francisco was chosen for the
1938 convention. The executive coun
cil asked to fix a date whereby dele
gates could attend the American
Legion meeting at Los Angeles Septem
ber 19-22 and the guard convention
on the same trip.
Brig. Gen. James C. Dozier, adju
tant general of North Carolina, was
chosen vice president to succeed Gen.
Leach.
Ten additional Air Corps observa
tion squadrons, which a resolution
held could be "readily absorbed,’’ were
asked, along with an "adequate com
plement’’ of anti-tank weapons and
a "full complement” of up-to-date
anti-aircraft artillery. «
Lack of sufficient modern anti
aircraft artillery was deplored by
several speakers, including Brig. Gen.
Lorenzo D. Gasser, assistant chief of
the United States Army general staff.
Brig. Gen. Fred M. Waterbury of
New York and Brig. Gen. Milton R.
McLean of Kansas were reelected sec
retary and treasurer, respectively.
■ ■■■—■• ..—
Auto and Garage Burn.
TAKOMA PARK, Md., Oct. 30
(Special).—Fire of undetermined ori
' gin destroyed an automobile and ga
rage at ■ the home of George W.
Pritchett, 104 Westmoreland avenue,
this afternoon. The rear of Pritchett's
home was scorched, but Takoma Park
firemen prevented the fire from
spreading.
Failure Confronts De Valera
In Democratic Dictatorship
Made Mistake of Trying
to Avoid Force and
Bloodshed.
By A. G. GARDINER.
LONDON, Oct. 30.—Ever since the
surprising and equivocal result of the
general election in the Irish Free
State, the position and intentions of
De Valera have been the subject of
much conflicting speculation. The
election, in leaving him largely de
pendent on the labor and independent
factions, struck a heavy blow at his
prestige, and the new constitution
has done nothing to restore his for
mer unchallenged supremacy.
In attempting to establish a sort of
a dictatorship under the forms and
with the sanctions of democracy, he
attempted the impossible. It was a
mistake which none of the successful
dictators has made. Hitler, Stalin,
Mussolini, Kemal and the rest mafie
a clean sweep of the whole parapher
nalia of democracy as a first condition
of autocratic power, and in their sev
eral ways they have ruthlessly stamped
out any embers of constitutionalism
that lingered after they had seized
power.
Whether De Valera could have done
this had been so disposed may be
doubted. What cannot, I think, be
doubted is that he had not the disposi
tion. In his strangely compounded
character, in which the medieval
monk, the fanatical nationalist, the
uncompromising doctrinaire and the
Puritan jostle each other, there is no
vain egotism, no passion for personal
power for its own sake and there is
a real devotion to the democratic idea.
If he was to be a dictator, he wished
to be a dictator by consent—certainly
not by the compulsion of force and
the shedding of blood.
And now Fhat the consent is visibly
waning, rumors are rife as to his
course of action. . It was confidently
asserted a few weeks ago that he
contemplated resignation; but this
rumor may be dismissed except in so
far as it rests upon the still disquiet
ing condition of his 'eyesight.
What is obvious is that his policy
has reached something like an ‘im
passe, and, if a way out is to be found,
EAMON DE VALERA.
he may be compelled to resort to other
measures or leave it to other men to
resort to them.
Whatever may be the fate of the
gospel of exclusive nationalism in Ger
many, Italy and the other dictator
ships, its failure in Ireland is open and
palpable. The stagnation of the coun
try is evidenced by the gathering vol
ume of the flight to England and Scot
land. In 1932 it was 7,919. By 1936 it
had swollen to 28.916, and, as the
Spectator observes, it threatens to as
sume dimensions which will create a
problem for England as well as for
Ireland. The exodus indeed is much
bigger than the figures indicate, for
they do not include the large propor
tion who cross the Irish Sea by way
of Ulster.
With all the obstructions which the
policy of ironclad isolation has devised,
the trade with England still refuses to
perish. Both in imports and exports,
it is the only substantial trade that
the Free State has.
Tried by whatever test, exclusive na
tionalism is proving to be a policy of
bankruptcy. While it continues, the
prospect of a united Ireland will be
unattainable. It is this dilemma that
casts its shadow over De Valera’s
future.
(Copyright. 1!»37.)
Elections
(Continued From First Page.)_
buster,” is running on the Fusion
ticket with La Guardia for district
attorney, and Dewey is a Republican.
Undoubtedly a defeat for Mahoney
would be a check for the Democratic
organization in Greater New York as
well as in Manhattan, the Tammany
Tiger's lair. Since La Guardia has
been a consistent supporter of the
President and his New Deal, it may
be difficult for the Republicans to as
eert with any degree of truth that a
victory for La Guardia was a defeat
for the national administration.
In New York's neighbor State, New
Jersey, the Republicans and Democrats
ere fighting for Governor. New Jersey
has one of the few Republican Gov
erness today—Hoffman. The G. O.
p.'s candidate in this campaign is a
Presbyterian clergyman—with a big
church—the Rev. Lester Clee. who
also is a State Senator. The Demo
crats have put forward their strongest
vote-getter, Senator A. Harry Moore,
who has twice before been elected
Governor. Senator Moore opposed the
President's bill to increase the mem
bership of the Supreme Court.- For
this reason he may get a number of
Republican votes, it is said.
If Senator Moore is elected Gov
ernor. he doubtless will receive con
sideration by the Democrats as a pres
idential possibility in 1940. Certainly |
should Clee win. he would be in a !
position to make a try for the Repub- j
lican presidential nomination. Forty
nine years old. Clee is a dynamic
speaker and campaigner.
Clee is a comparative newcomer to
politics, which he entered in New Jer
sey three years ago. He defeated the
Republican machine in Essex County,
the most populous in the State, and
was elected first to the Assembly and
then to the Senate. Chairman Clayton
E. Freeman of the Republican State
Committee is claiming a Clee victory
by 150,000 votes. Clee has made no
personal attack on Senator Moore,
nor has Senator Moore attacked Clee.
They are connected by marriage—
Clee's brother married Senator Moore's '
sister. Clee has gone after Frank j
Hague, the Democratic boss of Hudson
County and the State and Democratic
national committeeman, in hammer
and tongs style. Hague insists Senator
Moore will win his greatest victory.
Senator Moore won the governorship
in 1931 by 231,000 votes and in 1934
by 234,000. The Republicans hope to
control the New Jersey Legislature, to j
which a full Assembly and 21 Senators 1
must be elected.
There is keen interest in the contest
for Mayor of Detroit and the City
Council. The C. I. O., through its
affiliate, the United Automobile Work
ers of America, is striving desperately
to elect its candidate, Patrick H.
O'Brien, as Mayor and to gain control
of the City Council. O'Brien's oppo
nent for Mayor is Richard W. Reading,
present city clerk. O'Brien has been
a lifelong Democrat and at one time
was attorney general of the State.
Reading is a Republican. However,
in this so-called non-partisan elec
tion strict party politics have been
dropped. The Democratic organiza
tion has not officially indorsed
O'Brien. Reading has the support of
some of the A. F. of L. followers. The
C. I. O., if it can elect the Mayor,
hopes for the ousting of the present
anti-union police commissioner and
the appointment of a commissioner
who will be more lenient toward sit
down strikes.
Reading, in a. five-man race for the
mayoralty nomination, ran about 30,
000 ahead of O'Rrien. Observers give
him a good chance to defeat O'Brien.
It is not expected that the C. I. O.
will be able to gain control of the
City Council.
The three congressional elections in
New York State may give some inkling
of the way the political wind is blow
ing. In the seventeenth congressional
district Bruce Barton is running as
the Republican candidate, with the
La Guardia Fusion backing. The
Democratic nominee is Stanley Osser
man, with Tammany backing. There
is a third candidate, Charles Backer,
nominee of the American Labor party,
who may cut into the Democratic
strength. Backer is a wealthy man,
son-in-law of Mortimer Schiff, and
has cast his lot with the Labor party.
This is the district which at one time
was represented in the House by the
late Ogden Mills. If the Republicans
win, It will be a loss to the Democrats,
who have held the district during the
last two Congresses.
The other two New York districts
are up State, and have been strongly
Republican. The Republicans expect
to hold them both. In the 25th dis
trict Ralph Gamble, Republican, is
running against Homer A. Stebbins,
Democrat. Stebbins has been twice
beaten in the past by Charles D. Mil
lard, Republican, who resigned his
seat to be nominated for surrogate.
For the vacancy in the House caused
by the death of Representative Philip
A. Goodwin, Republican, who repre
sented the 27th district,, Lewis K.
Rockefeller is the G. O. P. nominee
and Mrs. Nancy Schoonmaker is the
Democratic candidate. Mrs. Schoon
maker has made a bid for the non
partisan support of the women voters.
Rockefeller is expected to win by a
good margin.
The election for the third Virginia
congressional district is no contest
for the Republicans failed to nom
inate. This is the Richmond district,
in a State that is strongly Democratic
The election is to fill the vacancy
caused by the death of the late Rep
resentative Montague.
A vacancy in the 11th congressional
district of Massachusetts will be filled
at a special election on December 14.
John Higgins, Democrat, resigned to
be appointed to the State Supreme
Court. A vacancy also exists in the
fourth Ohio district, due to the resig
nation of Representative Kloeb, Dem
ocrat, who was appointed a Federal
district judge by President Roosevelt.
Gov. Davey has decided, however, to
let the vacancy continue until the
congressional elections next year.
Mayoralty Fights Brisk.
Mayoralty fights in Cleveland and
Pittsburgh are brisk. Mayor Burton,
a Republican, who supported Landon,
is seeking re-election in Cleveland.
In Pittsburgh the Democrats appear
to have the best of it, although the
Republicans are making a hard drive.
In Philadelphia there is no mayoralty
contest, but other city offices are to
be filled. Senator Guffey, State Dem
ocratic boss, predicts that the Dem
ocrats will clean up in both Pittsburgh
and Philadelphia and that the De « a
cratic vote will be about as strong
as it was in 1936.
Boston is staging a real fight for
mayor, with one Republican, Malcolm
B. Nichols, opposed by three Dem
ocrats, one of whom is former Mayor,
and former Gov. James A. Curley.
Gov. Curley is striving to stage a
political comeback after his defeat
last year for the United States Senate
by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, jr.
Some of the Republicans have turned
against Nichols. If the vote is well
split among the three Democratic
candidates, however, Nichols may have
a chance, although the city is strongly
Democratic. Nichols was elected
Mayor once before in such a contest,
when the Democratic vote was split.
The gubernatorial election in Vir
ginia is a foregone conclusion. The
Democrats will elect James H. Price,
lieutenant governor, over J. Powell
Royall, the Republican candidate.
OF U. S. ISOLATION
Says It Reflects Desire to
Live in a World Which
No Longer Exists.
By Ihe Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 30.—Sir Willmott,
Lewis, noted British foreign corre
spondent, declared today that' an
American policy of isolation “is not a
policy, it is a nostalgia—a desire to
live in a world which no longer exists.”
Addressing the Association of For
eign Correspondents, in a debate on
the subject "Does England Expect
Every American to Do His Duty?” Sir
Willmott referred to his opponent,
Quincy Howe, editor and author, and
declared:
“Mr. Howe believes that by isolation,
the United States may preserve—in
some kind of a proud, aloof cuckoo
land—the last vestiges of democracy.
Interests Declared Common.
"He neglects to mention that in the
world today there is an identity of in
terests as concerns democracy and
civilization—an identity of instinctive
interests involving every American,
Englishman, Scandinavian and Bel
gian.”
Sir Willmott, Washington corre
spondent for the London Times,
warned that in a world from which
the United States had withdrawn itself,
there was danger of "a war which
would prostrate Europe and create a
creeping paralysis which might well
affect the United States and countries
to the south on this hemisphere.”
Citing Mr. Howe's allegation that
British propaganda was forever asking
the United States to pull British chest
nuts out of the fire, Sir Willmott dryly
commented:
"I had always assumed that those
w'ho drew chestnuts out of the fire re
tained the chestnuts.”
Fears British Support.
Opening the debate. Mr. Howe voiced
two major contentions—that "Ameri
can foreign policy today tends to sup
port, the British Empire” and that "this
tendency spells disaster to the Amer
ican people.”
He continued:
"Whatever President Roosevelt's do
mestic policies may be. his foreign
policy has shown a consistent regard
for British interests. * * • On the
Issue of neutrality, Mr. Roosevelt has
also followed a consistently pro
British course.
"As the most richly endowed conti
nental area on earth, American na
tional interests are as different from
British national interests as day from
night.” he said.
"We do not need to scatter our
Navy over the seven seas to protect our
food supply. Our task is simply to
protect the territorial United States.”
Thrifty Housewives Elect.
CLINTON, Md , Oct. 30 <Special).—
Miss Sarah Blandford has been re
elected president of the Thrifty House
wives’ Club, with Mrs. A. P. Lund vice
president, Mrs. Padgett sectary and
Mrs. Stanton treasurer.
Author Hungry
After Jail Term
Protesting Fine
By the Associated Press.
EAST STROUDSBURG, Pa., Oct.
30.—Carl Clausen, author, archeologist
and world traveler, ended his five-day
protest Jail term for a traffic violation
today and hurried toward a restaurant
and a good meal.
“Not that the Jail food wasn’t good,”
he explained. “It was excellent. But
the rest has given me a wonderful
appetite.”
Clausen went to jail last Monday for
five days rather than pay a $12.50 fine
after being involved in a slight auto
accident. He said he thought the law
ought to require a motorist to signal
a right turn.
"The other man didn’t signal,” he
said.
“We had a good time in jail,” he
said. “There were 13 of us—I'm glad
they didn’t let me out'on Friday—they
were all good guys and we had lots of
fun singing and telling stories."
.. ■—» .... m
MARYLAND U. MEN
HURT ON GRID TRIP
Pole Strikes James Boyle and
i Frank Blazek, Freshmen, Lean
ing Out of Bus.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE. Oct. 30.—Two Uni
versity of Maryland freshmen football
players were injured today, one seri
ously, when they were struck by a
pole as they leaned out of the win
dows of a bus.
James Boyle, 19, Washington, was
taken to University Hospital with se
vere lacerations of the head and a
possible fractured skull. Frank Bla
zek, 17, was cut about the head.
The team was returning to College
Park from Port Deposit, Md., where
it had played Tome School.
t
FRATERNITY PROM SET
Sigma Nu Phi to Be Hosts Sat
urday Night.
The Joseph H. Choate Chapter of
Sigma Nu Phi legal fraternity will
hold its formal fall prom at the Shore
ham Hotel Saturday, Chancellor Her
bert H. McMurray announced today.
William Wrathall, chairman of the
chapter's Social Committee, is han
dling arrangements. Cliff Dyer’s or
chestra will play.
-
SESSION APPROVES
Churches of Christ Adopt
Resolution Opposed as
Interference.
By the Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Oct. 30.—The
International Convention of the
Churches of Christ (Disciples) backed
labor's right to organize in a reso
lution adopted tonight at its final
business session, disregarding pleas to
keep the church from interfering with
affairs of state.
The convention called upon church
members to help maintain the consti
tutional rights of assembly and speech
in -communities where labor tension
exists, urged religious organizations to
"recognize the right of their laborers"
to support organized labor and '"in
a spirit of penitence for its own di
vided loyalties” deplored evidences of
division in the ranks of organized
labor.
Informed churchmen said they be
lieved it was the first time that the
convention, representing a denomina
tion of about 1,800.000 members, had
indorsed collective bargaining.
Jouett Sounds Warning.
Beverly Jouett, an attorney of Win
chester, Ky., asked, "Why does the
church want to get into the business
of running the state?”
"I say to you,” he declared, “that
we’re going to get ourselves into the
worst jam that any church ever got
into if we attempt to regulate hours,
wages, the C. I. O., the A. F. L. and
other things.”
The Rev. H. Austin Smith of Coffey
ville, Kans., supporting the resolution,
asserted: “We're only telling the la
boring man that we're for him In his
search for a more abundant life. Many
laborers think the church Is the friend
of the employers and not of the la
borers. I want to assure the laborer
that the church Is for him, too.”
Pacifist Stand Taken.
Three pacifist resolutions were
adopted.
Ope asserted "we cannot condemn
the 'actions of nations which resort to
force to gain national objectives with
out accepting our share of guilt for
the world situation"; recommended
that the United States surrender Its
right to maintain armed forces in
China, and opposed use of a govern
mental boycott "because of our con
viction * * • that such movement * • *
increased the likelihood of war.”
The two others expressed opposition
to compulsory military training in
colleges and to the sale of toy guns
and cannons.
Other adopted resolutions;
Urged enactment of a Federal anti
lynching bill.
Proposed a closer fellowship with the
Congregational - Christian Churches,
and
Referred to the Association for the
promotion of Christian Unity a pro
posal for organization of a United
Church of America, to which all the
Protestant denominations would grant
full authority in national and inter
national affairs and in foreign mis
sionary administration.
, ■■ -- 0 - —
Sermon on Vision.
HYATTSVILLE, Md., Oct. 30 (Spe
cial).—The Rev. B. P. Robertson, pas
tor of the First Baptist Church of
Hyattsville, will preach on the sub- j
ject "The Vision of the Redeemed in
Heaven" at the Sunday morning j
services and will take “The Marriage 1
Supper of the Lamb” for his evening j
topic.
Fall Is Feeding Time
Right now is the best time to feed
and condition your shade trees.
Phone us for estimates.
19 Years’ Satisfactory Service.
FORMAN & BILLER TREE
EXPERT CO.
Arlington, Va. Wainut 2115.
\
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Tonite
At 9:30 P.l
Dance to the bewitching tunes
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Plentv of fun . . . ray. young
crowd. Popular prices. Largest
dance floor in town.
Swanee Ballroom
13th & E STS. N.W.
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