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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 07, 1937, Image 14

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A '
Churches Start Observance,
l Schools Take It Up
In Washington and all over the
eountry American Education Week
opens today in the churches and to
morrow in the schools.
School officials at the Franklin Ad
ministration Building said yesterday
that every public school in the Dis
. trict will plan some open house pro
gram to show parents what is going
on in the schools in the way of activi
“It is an inspiring thing to see what
.actually is done by young pupils, and
most parents don't realize it until
they have actually visited the schools,*’
declared Dr. Chester W. Holmes, as
sitant superintendent in charge of
junior high schools.
According to figures compiled by the
National Education Association, co
sponsor of Education Week with the
Federal Office of Education and the
American Legion, more than 7,000,000
people visited schools all over the
country during American Education
Week last year.
A. E. F. Illiteracy Started Idea.
This annual turning of the national
•potlight on the schools grew out of
the battle fields of France during the
World War, when the illiteracy of a
vast number of American "doughboys”
brought together from all over the
United States made a big impression
on men, like Theodore Roosevelt, who
were interested in the veterans.
Following organization of the Amer
ican Legion after the war, a commis
sion was formed at Minneapolis to
promote education as a basis of more
loyal and intelligent citizenship.
The plan to set aside the week an
nually for national observance grew
out of a conference held here shortly
afterward between James W. Crabtree,
‘ secretary of the National Education
• Association; George D. Strayer, presi
dent of the organization, and Henry J.
Rvan of the American Legion Com
mittee on Education.
Since 1921 the week has been ob
served, always during the week in
which Armistice Day falls because of
the connection with the American
30 Governors Aid This Year.
, Last year, according to National
Education Association records, more
than 40 Governors issued State-wide
proclamations urging observance of
American Education Week, and more
than 30 have already done so this year.
Already President Roosevelt has is
sued a statement from the White
House declaring the project a most
fitting effort on the part of educators
to increase public appreciation of the
value of education.”
"Our most pressing national prob
lems cannot be solved without ef
fective education," declared Mr.
Roosevelt. "Schools and collages
must expand with the growing com
plexity of modem life.”
The opening salute to the week
dedicated to education is to be fired
today from many pulpits in which
ministers will announce the national
observance and its implications to the
Moved Back One Day.
Education week formerly started
on Monday and ran through Sunday,
but has been moved back a day to
get the benefit of the church and
Sunday school announcements.
Most important event in the Dis
trict public school observance is to
be the dedication of the Anacostia
Junior-Senior High School Tuesday
at 8 p.m. A regular ceremony will
be held at the school with school of
ficials. representatives of the District
government and members of the
Board of Education present.
General observance in the schools
will be along the lines suggested by
the N. E. A. and indorsed by Supt.
Frank Ballou for the local schools.
This contemplates the following
themes: Today, "Can We Educate For
Peace?”: tomorrow, "Buying Educa
tional Service”: Tuesday, "Horace
Mann Centennial”: Wednesday, "Our
American Youth Problem”; Thurs
day. “The Schools and the Constitu
tion”: Friday, “School Open House
Day.” and Saturday, "Lifelong Learn
With slight changes in arrangement
to suit the schools, this will general
ly be the program followed, accord
ing to the school officials.
Statements Requested.
J Plays will be given, speakers will
address the students and exhibits are
planned for various levels in the sys
tem. Dr. Ballou has requested each
principal to submit at the conclusion
of the week a statement of the pro
grams carried on in the school.
Perhaps typical of what will be
ataged in the various buildings is the
• program planned for Macfarland
Junior High School.
The major event will be a dinner
In the school cafeteria at 6 p.m.
Wednesday with Dr. and Mrs. Ballou
and Dr. and Mrs. Holmes as guests
along with Willard E. Givens, execu
tive secretary of the N. E. A. Mrs.
Givens is president of the Parent
Teacher Association at the school.
Dr. Holmes is expected to give the
principal address of the evening deal
ing with local problems and needs of
the schools.
Others Are Asked.
Also invited are principals of the
elementary schools which feed the
Macfarland, officers of the Citizens'
associations in the area, and Miss
May Paul Bradshaw, principal of
Roosevelt High School.
After the dinner the students will
present a play entitled “He Gave Us
Schools,” under the direction of Misses
Mary Doyle and Rose Lewis, faculty
Also a feature of the program will
be a stocking shower. Each member
ef the parent-teacher group is ex
pected to bring as many pairs of
stockings as possible, which will be
distributed to underprivileged chil
dren as part of a plan to keep them
properly clothed so they may attend
school regularly.
Other schools which have already
announced elaborate programs include
the Langley and Hine Junior Highs
and Central High School.
__»__ y _ -— -- t
Students Ready for Education Week
A scene from “He Gave Us Schools,” the play which is to be a feature of the elaborate cele
bration of National Education Week planned at the Macfarland Junior High School. The stu
dents have been trained under the direction of Misses Mary Doyle and Rose Lewis, members of
the faculty. In the photo, left to right, are: John Flanagan, Walter Coon, John Robert Gregory,
Dolores Duckworth, Shirley Baynard and Jack Klawans. —Star Staff Photo. '
Motorists Who Blazed Trail
From Rio to D.C. to Be Honored
Three Pioneers Are to Be Guests of Pan
American Confederation for High
ivay Education,
The three intrepid motoring pioneers
of Brazil who. blazed an automobile
trail through jungle and swamp, over
mountains and across deserts to help
link Rio de Janeiro by highway with
Washington will be the guests tomor
row of the Pan-American Confedera
tion for Highway Education at the
Metropolitan Club. Dr. L. S. Rowe,
director general of the Pan-American
Union, is chairman of the confed
The honored guests, who spent nine
and one-half years in the journey from
Rio to the Potomac, are Leonidas
Borges de Oliveira, commander: Fran
cisco Lopez de la Cruz, observer, and
Marion Fava, mechanic and techni
cian, who are members of the Brazil
ian Highway Expedition. With them
at the luncheon will be S. W. White,
attorney and interpreter, who joined
the party in Southern Texas.
While Mr. de la Cruz, Mr. Fava and
Mr. White stand by his side, Com
mander Oliveira, at a ceremony be
ginning at 8 p.m. tomorrow, will pre
sent a complete set of the expedition's
maps to the Pan-American Union as
a token of international friendship.
The maps will be accompanied by a
bound volume of several hundred
pages of scientific notes and data col
lected by the men during their jour
ney. This ceremony will take place
at the Pan-American Union Building,
Seventeenth street and Constitution
avenue N.W.
Commander Will Speak.
Commander Oliveira, who brings to
the United States a reputation as an
orator as well as a record as an ex
plorer, plans to deliver an address in
Spanish supplementing the written
report, explaining the maps and de
veloping the high lights of the trip,
made in two model T Fords. His
native language is Portuguese, but
there will be more Spanish-speaking
than Portuguese-speaking guests
More than 200 persons have notified
the Pan-American Union of their ac
ceptance of the invitation of Oswaldo
Aranha, Ambassador from Brazil, to
be present at the ceremonies.
The work of the three Brazilians is
of especial interest to those Latin.
Americans who have devoted much
time during the last 12 years to plan
ning a pan-American highway, which
would broaden commercial intercourse
between North and South America.
The District Commissioners took cog
nizance of the importance of the
men's pioneering by presenting to
them this proclamation:
“We wish to extend in behalf of
the District of Columbia warmest
greetings and good wishes to you on
the occasion of your visit to the Cap
ital City of the United States.
"The construction of a great high
way is one of the major factors in
the promotion of good will and friend
ship between nations. It is our sin
cere hope that the highway w'hich
you visualize will become a reality in
the not too distant future.
Ties Are Strengthened.
"We salute you in your noble ef
fort to extend the pan-American high
way from Rio de Janeiro to New
York. The achievement of your aims
will cement and strengthen the ties
of friendship now existing between
our nations.”
The findings of Comdr. de Oliveira,
Mr. de la Cruz and Mr. Fava will be.
it is expected, studied thoroughly at
the third Pan-American Highway
Congress, which is to meet in San
tiago, Chile, in September, 1938.
The government of Chile has ap
pointed an Organizing Committee
headed by Francisco Mardones. The
first congress was held in Buenos
Aires in 1925, the second in Rio de
Janeiro in 1929.
Comdr. Oliveira and his fellow ex
plorers expressed astonishment yes
terday when they learned that the
United States Bureau of Public Roads
has a file an inch thick on the prog
ress of the expedition. He said a
complete set of his 32 maps and
charts will be given to President
Roosevelt for the use of the bureau
or any other governmental agencies
Principal Speaker at Luncheon
Tuesday Will Be Head of
Central China College.
The Chinese Ambassador, Dr. C. T.
Wang, has been invited as guest of
honor at a luncheon meeting of the
Yale Club of Washington at 12:30 p.m.
Tuesday in the Cosmos Club.
The principal speaker will be Dr.
Francis C. M. Wei, president of the
Central China College, who at present
is visiting professor of ethics at Har
vard, where he holds an M.A. degree.
Dr. Wei has a Ph. D. degree from
the University of London and attended
the recent conferences at Edinburgh
and Oxford.
■ 11- •
Rabbi Gerstenfeld to Speak.
Rabbi Norman Gerstenfeld of the
Washington Hebrew Congregation will
speak on “The Mistakes of the Modem
Jew’’ at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday in the
Jewish Community Center.
Move Is to Attract Men of
High Caliber for Gov
ernment Duties.
In a move to attract men and women
of high caliber for specialized Govern
ment service, the Civil Service Com
mission yesterday announced inaugu
ration of a recruiting plan under
which personal letters are sent to
promising sources of supply to bring
particular examinations to the at
tention of desirable candidates for em
The salary range for positions
which it is thus hoped to fill is. gen
erally, from $3,000 to $7,000 annually.
The letters, over the signature of one
of the commissioners, will go to heads
of industry, civic organizations, labor
groups, chambers of commerce, vet
eran organizations, professional as
sociations, alumni organizations, uni
versity employment agencies and
‘ By searching out experienced ap
plicants and making known the needs
and opportunities of the service,” a
statement said, ‘‘the commission hopes
to obtain candidates as well or better
qualified than those successful indi
viduals in private employment whom
conscientious department heads can
and do find for themselves in indi
vidual cases when they need special
ists. By more active recruiting the
commission should be able to certify
more satisfactory eligibles to the
operating departments.
‘‘This special type of recruiting is
usually unnecessary in clerical exam
inations where an adequate number
of individuals apply. However, in
examinations to fill higher adminis
trative and professional posts, the
number of applicants and the quality
of their experience are often inade
quate without active recruiting. No
examining system can produce for
certification better material than has
The commission also made public
personnel figures for September, show
ing total employment in the executive
agencies here at 111,608, and in the
field, 724,565, for an average of 836,
173. This represented a net increase
of 17 in the District over August, and
a decrease elsewhere of 6,296.
The September pay roll was $125,
897,930, compared to $126,541,673 for
The District record showed sizable
decreases in Agriculture and Works
Progress, and increases in Post Office
and Navy.
Outside of Washington, the heavy
cuts were in Agriculture, Interior and
Works Progress, with pick-ups in the
engineering department of the War
Department, and in the Tennessee
Valley. Much of this reflects sea
sonal shifts.
Service to Aid Tuberculosis
Patients Is Due to Be
Expansion of the Rehabilitation
Service organized by the District of
Columbia Tuberculosis Association to
help tuberculosis patients make a safe
and successful come-back in active
life after being cured was announced
yesterday by Mrs. Ernest R. Grant,
managing director of the association.
Plans for extension and improve
ment of the service were made at a
conference at the new Glenn Dale
Sanatorium, attended by Mrs. Grant,
Dr. J. W. Peabody, superintendent of
tuberculosis hospitals in the District;
H. C. Corpending, supervisor of the
District Vocational Rehabilitation
Service; Joseph L. McGroary, director
of the Rehabilitation Service of the
Tuberculosis Association, and staff
, Case Analysis Planned.
The program, as outlined by Mrs.
Grant and Mr. McGroary, will include
as the first step a case analysis of
each patient as soon as the physician
in charge deems it advisable to have
preliminary testa made. With thia1
analysis as a baisls, a constructive
individual program will be worked
out for each hospital patient, provid
ing pre-vocational training while
under treatment at the hospital.
On dismissal of the patients from
the hospital, the Rehabilitation Serv
ice will aid in efforts to place each
in employment that is in keeping with
his or her physical ability, affording
the greatest amount of protection
against relapse which would invrlve
additional expense to the community.
Classes Are Conducted.
A teaching force sponsored by the
Board of Education and under super
vision of the Works Progress Admin
istration now is conducting classes at
the Glenn Dale Institution four after
noons a week. The courses include
instruction in elementary subjects,
business English, office routine, typing,
shorthand, commercial law, garden
ing, radio engineering, tailoring, lan
guages and fine arts.
The Tuberculosis Association's Re
habilitation Service is financed by the
annual sale of Christmas Seals.
Wednesday Morntnxs, It A.M.
West Ballroom Shoreham Hotel
Dr. Abram Simon Book Reviews
Benefit Sisterhood Scholarship rand
12.00 Course of 10 Review*
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Tickets Available at Door.
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i •
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