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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 19, 1937, Image 1

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_ WEATHER. ----
(U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecaat.)
Rain changing to snow tonight; prob- TVtP nnltr .
. ably clearing Saturday morning; colder • nr evening paper
tonight and tomorrow; temperature to- in Washington with the
night about 26 degrees. Temperatures to- Adcnoiofo/l XT
day—Highest, 43. at 2 p.m.; lowest. 36, at ASSOCiated rreSS NeWS
midnight. Full report on page A-23. and WirephotO Services.
Closing New York Markets, Page 22 ~—
President of Pontiac Local
- Refuses to Turn Over
Union Fund to Men.
• —
Sit-Down Enforced in Protest of
Layoffs and Demand for
Seniority Rights.
By the Associate? Press.
PONTIAC. Mich., Nov. 19.—The
Pontiac local of the United Automobile
Workers of America thundered its
rejection of a plea from the interna
tional union to abandon a sit-down
Strike in the plant of the Fisher Body
Corp. here early today.
, In a tumultuous meeting which be
gan last night and continued nearly six
hours, the auto workers voted by ac
clamation to proceed with the strike
after Fred Pieper, a member of the
International Executive Board, urged
them to return to work.
President Joins in Plea.
Door V. Mitchell, president of the
local, joined with Pieper in asking the
* men to discontinue the strike, which
began Wednesday night and left 14,721
General Motors Corp. employes idle.
Mitchell said the sit-down was “un
authorized'’ and declined to turn over
* to the members the local's strike fund,
which is controled by local union offi
cers. The 2,000 members at the meet
ing had voted to use the fund for the
> men who have held the body plant two
days and nights.
Pieper, sent here by the international
union to ask the men to call off the
, strike, said he would return to the De
troit headquarters and that interna
tional officers would Issue a statement
Settlement Plans in Dark.
Both the U. A. W. A. and General
Motors professed ignorance of plans to
negotiate a settlement. Corporation
executives said neither the Fisher plant
nor the Pontiac motor car factory, de
pendent upon the body-producing unit,
would open before Monday.
• The sitdown began a few hours after
the management insisted upon sus
pending four workers it blamed for a
12-hour strike in the Fisher plant
earlier in the week.
It was the third such suspension of
operations in Michigan General Motors
plants this week, the other having
taken place in the Cadillac motor car
division at Detroit Wednesday. That
sit-down lasted only a few' hours.
Sit-down at Goodyear Plant Declared
Unauthorized by Union.
AKRON, Ohio, Nov. 19 (£>).—Twelve
thousand Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.
employes were idle today, the result of
a sit-down precipitated by a scheduled
lay-off of 1.600 workers.
Operations were suspended in the
i three plants of the largest of Akron's
"big three'' rubber companies.
John House, president of Goodyear
Local, United Rubber Workers of
America, called a union meeting for
* Sunday to consider the sit-down. He
said the sit-down started at midnight
was without union authorization.
C. C. Slusser, company vice presi
dent and factory manager, said, “We
will not budge from our position. They
can sit dow-n from now till the 4th of
Mr. Slusser asserted he might meet
With union representatives today con
cerning the scheduled lay-offs, “but It
Won't mean a thing.”
Office workers, kitchen employes and
maintenance crews were the only em
» ployes unaffected by the sit-down. The
company cafeteria remained open to
serve idle employes. The company
took no steps to bar workers from the
House said seniority rights were
an issue in the controversy, claiming
the company followed seniority based
on departments, while the union seeks
seniority recognition on a company
wide basis. The company issued no
riPChrihinff tho oe n *‘ervon_
taneous outburst of the uneasiness
which has been present in the minds
* of Goodyear employes for many weeks"
Mr. House said the action resulted
when last-minute efforts to induce
Mr. Slusser to postpone the layoffs had
failed and when it was found that
seniority rights would not be observed
in the company's retrenchment pro
"Union officers have been trying for
* many weeks to get a definite agreement
on layoffs and a just seniority program
through amicable discussion, but de
spite every effort we have made for
, such agreement this question has not
been settled.” House said.
The union executive said he had
been informed that the layoffs instead
of being on a factory-seniority basis
would be on departmental or division
basis with few transfers.
Prior to the strike Slusser announced
the necessity for layoffs had'existed
for a long time.
t “It should have been started months
ago with the recession of business. In
that way, the men laid off might have
been absorbed elsewhere and the re
maining employes would have had
reasonably full time,” Slusser said. He
added that the company hoped to re
store a four-day working week Jan
uary 1.
Tokio Announces Additional Issue
Will Be Offered Soon.
TOKIO, Nov. 19 (£>).—'The finance
ministry announced today that a 50,
000,000 yen ($14,500,000) issue of
“Chinese incident” baby bonds placed
► on sale Tuesday had been sold. An
additional issue of 18,000 000 yen
($5,220,000) will go on sale Novem
ber 24.
I 1
c -
Eyston Thunderbolt Sets Speed
Record of 311.42 Miles an Hour
——11——■ - ----
The ear Capt. George E. T. Eyston used to break the record.
- ___
By the Associated Press.
Utah, Nov. 19—Capt. George
Eyston of England today set a
new world land speed record of
311.42 miles per hour.
The genial captain from London
flashed through the mile and back
again in Thunderbolt, a 24-cyllnder
racing giant, for an average of 11.56
Capt. Eyston's speed, the fastest man
has ever traveled in an automobile, ex
ceeded Sir Malcolm Campbell's rec
ord of 301.1292 miles per hour by a
wide margin.
Campbell made his mark here in
Septe-mber. 1935.
Eyston, a thin, scholarly man of 40 ]
who retired from the Britsh Army j
; several years ago, clipped the north- 1
j ward mile in 11.79 seconds for an |
average speed of 305 34 miles per
hour and then sped back in 11.33 sec- ;
I onds for a speed of 317.74 miles per
| hour.
__^£knew I was going faster than I'd j
! (See SPEED. Page~A-4.) — I
—Wide World Photos. |
Four More to Be Targets of
Gunmen, Minneapolis
Officials Hear.
(Picture on Page A-3.)
By the Associated Press.
MINNEAPOLIS, Nov. 19.—Spurred
by rewards of $11,000 and aroused by
reports that four other labor leaders
were marked for death. Investigators
delved into union activities today for
a solution to the ambush slaying of
Patrick J. Corcoran.
Mayor George E. Leach threw all
the facilities of the police department
into the search for the slayers who
felled the 45-year-old American Fed
eration of Labor unionist with a pistol
bullet near his home Wednesday night.
Mr. Corcoran was chairman of the
North Central District Drivers' Coun
cil. covering five States, and was ac
tive in several A. F. of L. unions
Alderman A. G. Bastis said he had
heard reports that an official and
three organizers of the General Driv
ers’ Union were on the death list
headed by Mr. Corcoran. He said
they were Bill Brown and the three
Dunn brothers, Miles, Vincent and
Hilliard Smith and William Mau
seth, two organizers for the United
Electrical, Radio and Machine Work
ers, a c. I. O. affiliate, charged in a
letter to Mayor Leach that gangsters
and racketeers had penetrated city
labor organizations. They said they
had informed Mayor Leach last July
that a “dangerous situation” existed.
Mayor Leach declined to comment
on the letter, but said "we intend to
remove this blot and bring the crim
inals to speedy justice.” He invited
"every citizen to bring any rumors
or any clues, no matter how seeming
ly small, to the police department or
The Joint Teamsters’ Council, with
which Mr. Corcoran was associated,
posted a $10,000 reward for appre
hension of the killer, and Gov. Elmer
Benson and the Minneapolis Star each
offered $500. The Governor viewed
the slaying as a challenge to law and
A man who told Cedric Adams, news
paper columnist, more than a week
ago that “a prominent Minneapolis
labor leader would be taken for a ride
within two weeks” was sought for
questioning. The “tip” was published
November 3.
Meyer Lewis, representative of Wil
liam Green, president of the A. F. of
L., was asked by detectives about re
ports that a labor war was imminent
here. Lewis said he knew of no such
Funeral services for Mr. Corcoran
will be held Saturday, when the Team
sters’ Council has called a one-day
I -_
Senators Seek
Probe of Bullitt
Trip to Poland
j Bs the Associated Press.
Senator Vandenberg. Republican, of
Michigan and Senator Lewis, Demo
j crat. of Illinois joined today in asking
an investigation of a report that Wil
liam C. Bullitt. American Ambassador
to France, had been sent to Poland to
"warn" that country against partici
pating in the Italo-German-Japanese
anti-Communist pact.
Senator Vandenberg interrupted the
anti-lynching filibuster on the Senate
floor to read a newspaper dispatch
from Paris, which said Mr. Bullitt had
gone to Poland for that purpose.
; The account said Mr. Bullitt was
| understood to be "acting under in
. structions from President Roosevelt."
Senator Lewis asserted that an ef
fort should be made at once to "ascer
tain the facts" from the State Depart
; ment and the President.
"It is inconceivable.” Senator Lewis
commented, "that the Ambassador to
France would have blundered into
such action."
Unidentified Victim, Beaten
and Strangled, Discovered
Near Ferndale, Md.
By the Associated Press.
FERNDALE, Md., Nov. 19—Police
turned to dental plates and clothing
attempting to identify the body of a
middle-aged woman found strangled
to death in a patch of woods near
here today.
The woman, about 45, was dressed
in neat but inexpensive clothing. Her
shoes and false teeth were in a paper
wrapped package resting on her body.
A tan coat, apparently belonging
to her, had been thrown across the
body when it was discovered early
today by a motorist.
• Patrolman J. W. Musterman, Anne
Arundel County identifications officer,
said she had been strangled with a
newly cut piece of rope found near
the body. Her neck and head were
bruised and there were cuts on her
Chief J. L. Souers of the Anne
Arundel County police force said the
body apparently had been dragged
several feet from a nearby lonely side
road. A passing motorist saw it and
reported to police.
Chief Souers said the women was
about 45 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches
in height. She wore no shoes. She
had been dead only a "few hours,” he
There was a large .bruise on her
forehead and her nose was broken,
he said.
W.P.A.’s4History of Electricity’
Already Erased at Glenn Dale
With the proposed painting out of a
W. P. A. art project mural of Mother
Goose characters in the reception hall
of the children’s building at the Dis
trict Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Glenn
Dale, Md„ still disputed and unde
cided, another W. P. A. opus, an un
completed ceiling picture in the helio
therapy room of the same building al
ready has been removed by the broad
strokes of a house painter, it was
learned today.
The ceiling painting was to have de
picted the artist’s conception of the
history of electricity. It was painted
out by order of Dr. D. L. Finucane,
superintendent of the sanatorium.
Dr. Finucane explained today that
\ f
his decision Was based on the inter
minable' time it took to complete the
"I didn’t think much of it, anyway,"
he added. "It was supposed to repre
sent the development of electricity
from the days when people worshiped
sun gods to the complicated appliances
of today. But I couldn’t interpret it.
There were a lot of figures and de
signs, but I didn’t know what they
meant. You couldn’t tell whether
some of the designs were supposed to
be dynamos or radios or telephones.”
Dr. Finucane admitted the artist,
Allen Page Flavelle, was “sore” about
the scrapping of his creation and tele
(See MURAUB, Page A-3.)
Would Boost Normal Cor
porate Levy to Make Up
Lost Revenue.
UP TO $25,000 INCOME
No Decision Reached by Subcom
mittee, However, on Just
Where to Draw Line.
Ey the Associated Press.
A House Tax Subcommittee tenta
tively agreed today to increase exemp
tions from the undistributed profits
tax and to make up some of the lost
revenue by boosting the normal cor
porate tax.
Chairman Vinson said committee
members had talked of granting com
plete exemptions from the undistrib
uted profits levy to corporations hav
ing net incomes of *10.000, *15,000 and
up to *25,000. No decision was
reached, however, on w'here to draw
the line between firms that would pay
the undistributed profits levy and
those that would nor.
Previously the _ committee had de
cided on full exemptions for corpora
tions with incomes up to *5.000.
If the exemption is granted to *10.000
corporations, Mr. Vinson said, the Fed
eral revenues would be reduced by an
estimated *28.000.000.
An exemption up to *15.000 would
cast *35.000.000 and up to *25,000
some *50,000,000.
A *50,000.000 reduction could be
made up. however, the chairman as
serted. by restoring the normal cor
poration tax to the approximate levels
in effect before the undistributed prof
its tax was enacted last year. Those
rates were 12'., per rent on the first
S2.000 of corporate income. 13 pier cent
mcai/ ^id.uwu ui income, 14 per
cent, on the next $25,000 and 15 per
cent on all above $40,000.
Three Tears’ Grare I’rged.
In another step to ease the tax load
on business. Mr. Vinson said the sub
committee tentatively had decided to
exempt corporations emerging from
bankruptcy, or reorganization, from
the undistributed profits tax. But the
exemption would be only for the three
years after they came out.
An exemption of all corporations
having earnings up to $25,000 would
take care of about 88 per cent of the
Nation's corporations that had net In
come last year.
A $10,000 limit would held 77.8 per
cent of the firms and a $15,000 top
would aid 82.96 per cent.
Mr. Vinson asserted that "We had
debts and plant expansion in mind"
in making the tentative decisions to
Coaid Pay lip Debts.
The chairman explained that if the !
committee finally determined that all
corporations with income up to $25,000
should be exempt from the undistrib
uted profits levy the corporations
could use any part, or all, of their
earnings to pay ofT debts or expand
their plants and thus would need no
additional relief on that score.
Corporations with deficits and im
paired capital would be helped simi
larly, he said.
He added that committeemen still
were studying the question of extend
ing some form of partial exemption to
the larger corporations which will not
be freed entirely of the undistributed
profits tax load.
Stokowski's Wife Reported to Be
Living at Guest Ranch.
RENO, Nev., Nov. 19 (>P).—Mrs.
Evangeline Stokowski, wife of the
noted Philadelphia Orchestra con
ductor, Leopold Stokowski, is reliably
reported to have established resi
dence at a guest ranch near Reno.
Mrs. Stokowski came to Boulder
City, Nev., a few weeks ago.
Leopold Leaves for Home.
LONDON, Nov. 19 (*>).—King Leo
pold of Belgium left for Dover today
on his way home after a three-day
visit with King George.
Japan Breaks Faith, So Dig Up
Cherry Trees, Says Mrs. Jenckes
in the opinion of Representative
Jenskes. Democrat, of Indiana Wash
ington's Japanese cherry trees should
be uprooted and chopped up for fire
Mrs. Jenskes expressed this opinion
today in an address on "National De
fense Through Practical Education1'
before a meeting of representatives
from 60 District chapters of the 1
Daughters of the American Revolu
"The Japanese cherry trees in Wash
ington." she declared, "have devel
oped. through the unfriendly, decep
tive activities of the agents of the
Japanese government, into a symbol
of deception, traitorism and disloyal
The speaker said the American peo
ple accepted the trees from that Far
Eastern government many years ago
as propaganda to develop good will
toward Japan. Now that good will has
been violated, she said.
"If we Americans were alert in the
maintenance of the true national de
fense, we would, through proper legal
action, root up every Japanese cherry
tree on Federal property, saw them up
for firewood and replant them with
American cherry trees, whose blossoms
are more beautiful, whose fruit is
edible and might be picked and given
'See TREES. Page A-4.)
Connally Assails Clark Over
Bill Urging Enactment
of Measure.
Br the Associated Prets.
A poster, depicting lynched Negroes,
on the Senate chamber's walls, drew
bitter comment and a demand from
Senator Connally. Democrat, of Texas
today that it be taken down at once.
The poster was there when the
Senate convened for a resumption of
the filibuster against the anti-lynch
ing bill.
"By whose authority was that sign
put there?" Senator Connally de
manded as the Senate came to order.
Senator Clark, Democrat, of Mis
souri said he was responsible, adding
it was customary for Senators "to put
up anything which might be of in
terest in the consideration of a pend
ing bill.”
“I would like to know,” Senator
Connally continued, pacing back and
forth, "by what authority the Senator
takes over the functions of the entire
The text of the poster was an argu
ment for the anti-lynching bill.
As Senator Clark continued to talk,
Senator Connally snapped that he
would not yield the floor longer.
“I protest," Senator Connally roared,
“against the Senate being made the
sewer for the vaporings of the Senator
from Missouri."
Later. Clark asserted that he had
not agreed to take the poster down,
but had promised only that he would
not oppose a motion to remove it.
Without making such a motion, Sena
tor Connally gave up the floor to Sen
ator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida, who
was in the midst of a speech opposing
consideration of the anti-lynching bill
when the Senate adjourned yesterday.
Seventh Report Meeting
Adds $165,558 to
Community Chest volunteers, at
the seventh of nine report meetings
during the present tenth anniversary
campaign, today turned in a total of
14.976 new contributions, amounting
to $165,558, bringing them to nearly
70 per cent of the campaign quota.
Campaign totals to date, subject to
final auditing of today's figures,
showed a total of 124.735 contribu
tions totaling $1,402,888.
The special assignment unit jumped
into a commanding lead when it
turned in $70,000 in new contributions,
bringing its total-to $433,064. or 77
per cent of its quota. The govern
mental unit continued in second place,
raising its total to 70 14 per cent.
Newbold Noyes Presides.
Newbold Noyes, associate editor of
The Star and former Chest president
and campaign director, presiding at to
day's meeting, characterized the cam
paign as ‘ a football game.” in which
the Chest volunteers, backed by a line
composed of contributors, are carrying
the ball—"which is decency in Wash
ington"—toward the goal.
"We may be in the 20-yard zone by
the close of this meeting,” Mr. Noyes
said. “To put across a touchdown from
there will take a lot of punch. We have
got to take the ball over.”
The Chest campaign “is making fine
progress," Herbert L. Willett. jr„ Chest
director, said today. The drive must
continue at its original rate of speed,
however, if the goal is to be attained
by the time the campaign closes Tues
day night, he added.
"The whole question is squarely up
to Washington,” Mr. Willett said. “If
the citizens want children given ade
quate care in institutions and foster
homes; Boys and girls kept from the
streets and possible delinquency
through the boys’ clubs, settlements
and other character-building organi
zations; sick people given proper nurs
ing care in their own homes; hospital
ization provided for people in need of
such help; and all the other services
rendered by Chest agencies, and want
those services given on the most ef
ficient basis, they will pay the bill
through increased contributions to
the Chest.
“The alternative is separate solici
tation by agencies—repeated tag days,
benefits and appeals. For no one
wants to have people in need of help
refused the offer of a helping hand,
and the one thing mose sure Is that
(See CHEST, Page A-7.)
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusements Obituary_A-14
B-14-15 Radio.C-4
Comics _C-6-7 Short Story.__C-2
Editorials ...A-12 Society _B-3
Finance_A-21 Sports_D-l-3
Lost & Found D-4 Woman's Pg. C-5
Japanese crack southern pivot of Nan
king defenses. Page A-4
Viscount Halifax leaves for Munich
after visit with Hitler. Page A-5
Eyston car sets land record of 311.42
M. P. H. Page A-l
Prospects improve for farm and wage
hour bills. Page A-l
Revision of U. S.-Canadian trade
treaty is sought. Page A-l
C. I. O. order to resume work rejected
by auto workers. Page A-l
Four more reported marked for death
at Minneapolis. Page A-l
Widespread efforts being made to stim
ulate business. Page A-2
Coyle likens present recession to 1921
conditions. Page A-2
Jobless census test route drawn from
Garner’s hat. Page A-2
Chest campaign near 70 per cent of
goal. Page A-l
Legislation offers District suffrage
Plan. Page A-2
Senate group hears “Citizens’ Com
mittee” spokesman. Page A-2
Snow and coldest weather of season
forecast. Page A-3
C. H. Woodward named to Minimum
Wage Board. Page' A-S
Postmen continue distribution of Job
less census cards. Page A-2
Man accused of attempting to bribe
detective. Page A-3
Coroner’s jury to probe lover's slay
ing. Page A-7
Georgetown and Maryland U. boys
stage “thumping party.” Page A-8
Roper urges adjusted annual wages in
construction. Page A-23
Favoritism complaint swamp Ellen
der's office. Page B-l
Taxpayers' group favors 2 per cent
sales levy. Page B-l
Ickfts opens new attack on slaughter
House. Page B-l
House bills would benefit Federal em
ployes. Page B-l
Senate group to act on Ellender reso
lution. Page B-l
Dr. Fowler, former D. C. health officer,
dies at 73. Page B-8
Editorials Page A-12
This and That. Page A-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
Political Mill. Page A-12
Washington Observations. Page A-12
David Lawrence. Page A-13
H. R. Baukhage. Page A-13
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-13
Constantine Brown. Page A-13
Lemuel Parton. Page A-13
Vital Statistics. Page A-10-11
Shipping News. Page A-23
City News in Brief. Page B-5
Nature's Children. PageB-16
Bedtime Stories. Page B-17
Betsy Caswell. Page C-5
Dorothy Dix. Page C-5
Cross-word Puzzle. Page C-6
Letter-Out. Page C-6
Winning Contract. Page C-7
Reduction of Tariff Rates
to Advantage of Both
Nations Is Sought.
By the Associated Press.
The State Department, setting out
on its most ambitious effort to in
crease world trade, linked negotia
tions for a new Canadian trade treaty
today with its efforts to do more busi
ness with Great Britain.
Secretary Hull announced last night
that a revision of the reciprocal trade
treaty with Canada was contemplated.
Earlier he had made known that the
United States and Great Britain at
last had agreed to work out a similar
pact. The three countries control
a major share of international trade.
The Canadian treaty went into
effect in 1936. The theory of such
pacts, which the administration says
has been proved true, is that a low
ering of trade barriers stimulates
business and makes for good will.
Tariff Reduction.
Signers agree to reduce tariffs on
imports from each other, the af
fected commodities to be items which
one nation produces in excess of its
needs and which the other nation
The decisions of Canada and Great
Britain to carry on discussions were
heralded widely as constituting a
wedge into the virtually "closed cor
poration" of the British common
wealth of nations.
At least partial abrogation of the
system of empire preferences would re
sult, observers said, if Britain agrees
to relax the restrictive duties which
it now imposes on American and other
non-empire goods.
The United State* is interested pri
marily in selling more agricultural
products in the rich British market.
It is prepared in turn to grant con
cessions to British manufactured arti
new concessions.
Unofficial observers suggested that
Canada may be actuated by a hope of
obtaining new concessions from the
United States to offset any losses she
may suffer from deeper American
penetration of the United Kingdom's
agricultural market.
The United States sold $384,151,000
worth of goods to Canada in 1936 and
bought $375,832,000. The comparative
figures for 1935, before the treaty went
into effect, were $323,194,000 and
So far this year, the State Depart
ment said, the United States' sales to
Canada are 38 per cent above 1936,
and Canadian sales to this country are
up 21 per cent.
Department trade experts said the
new Canadian talks are designed pri
marily to broaden the base of present
trade by conferring mutual benefits
on a wider range of products in both
Some observers predicted that other
British dominions might follow the
lead of the mother country.
Hailed by Minister.
Thomas W. White, Australian min
ister of trade and customs, said that
aside from chances of expanding busi
ness, the announcement was of "in
estimable value" in linking “the two
greatest democracies.”
First congressional reaction to the
proposed British agreement came from
Senator Lodge, Republican, of Mass
achusetts, who said he would intro
duce a resolution Monday to termi
nate all trade pact negotiations for
one year.
“With the mad race in armaments
and threats of war looming large,” he
said, “it is vital that the United States
should at least not increase its en
tanglements with other nations.”
Headless Body Dug From Well
Proves Tale of Ranch Killing
Bt the Associated Press.
ST. GEORGE, Utah, Nov. 19.—A
headless body, exhumed from an old
well into which it was cast nearly
three years ago, mutely verified today
the strange confessions of two men
of a killing disclosed by neighborhood
The body was identified by trousers,
sweater, belt and shoes, said Sheriff
Antone B. Prince, as that of Spencer
Malan, 35, who disappeared March
17, 1935.
First-degree murder charges were
filed against Charles Bosshardt, 25,
who told Prince he killed Malan in
a ranch fight and later married the
man's widow, and George Schaefer,
33, her brother, who said he helped 1
"dispose” of the body.
Both mert said they kept the secret
from their wives—Schaefer had ac
quired three through divorces since
the slaying—and were surprised the
killing had been disclosed. The sheriff
said, however, he had been investigat
ing for a year after the men had
dropped significant hints.
Mrs. Bosshardt and the third Mrs.
Schaefer assured their husbands they
would "stand by them.”
"I had always thought Penny
(Malan) left me that night—that’s
why I got a divorce a year later, on
grounds of desertion, and married
Charles,” said ^rs. Boddhardt.
Processing Taxes on Wheat
Are Rejected in Com
mittee Votes.
Passage of Both Farm and Pay
Hour Measures by Christmas
Appear More Likely.
By the Associated Press.
The House Agriculture Committee
decided today to write marketing
quotas for corn into the administra
tion’s farm bill.
The committee at the same time re
jected suggestions that a processing
tax be imposed on corn to raise funds
for an expanded benefit payment
Chairman Jones said the committee
also rejected a subcommittee's'recom
mendation that a processing tax be
levied on wheat. No decision was
reached on the question of marketing
quotas for wheat.
The committee was reported to have
voted 15 to 8 on the wheat provisions
and 13 to 9 on corn.
Mr. Jones said the member* did not
discuss suggestions for a voluntary
control program for cotton, nor com
pulsory regulation for tobacco
The votes w-ere taken in what one
member described as a “very turbulent
Just one week ago the committee de
cided informally against both market
ing quotas and processing taxes for
wheat, cotton and rice.
Mean-while, prospects improved to
day for enacting w-age-hour standards
and crop control legislation—two of
President Roosevelt's recommendations
—before Congress quits for the Christ
mas holidays.
Lewis Barks Bill.
A statement by John L. Lewis term
ing the wage-hour bill “undeniably
sound" in principle, despite “serious
limitations,” encouraged its sponsors
to redbuble efforts to get the bill before
the House.
Mr. Lewis wrote Chairman Norton,
Democrat, of New Jersey, of the House
Labor Committee that labor's Non
Partisan League, which he heads,
would do everything possible to bring
about passage of the measure as soon
as possible.
Mrs. Norton, who also has asked
Secretary Perkins and President Wil
liam Oreen of the American Federa
tion of Labor for their view*, con
tinued her campaign to force the bill
from the House Rules Committee. A
petition to accomplish this has been
signed by more than half the required
218 members.
Meanwhile, Mr. Green asked repre
sentatives of the Federation's four de
partments to meet him tomorrow aft
ernoon to determine the Federation's
policy toward pending wage and hour
At its convention in Denver last,
summer the Federation expressed the
opinion that the best type of a wage
and hour bill was one which would
provide for one minimum wage and
one standard for maximum hours. It
opposes a Federal board to fix dif
Although some leaders remained
dubious about the wage-hour bill's
chances at this session, they agreed
that both House and Senate probably
could start debating farm legislation
on Monday.
Granary Bill Vote Set.
Chairman Smith announced the
Senate Agriculture Committee would
vote tomorrow on an “ever-normal
granary" bill, expected to be ready
for general Senate consideration Mon
Members of the Senate committee
expressed general favor with the Pope
McGill measure, which is patterned
along lines advocated by Secretary
Wallace and administration farm
leaders. *
The bill has been revised to hold its
cost within $500,000,000. already au
thorized under the “soil conservation"
program for 1938, and to operate a
compulsory cotton control program.
Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of
Alabama, said Southern Senators were
ready to offer the cotton acreage con
trol program as a section of the Pope
McGill measure
"We have just one or two little
details to settle,” he said.
Chairman Smith said the commit
tee would consider tomorrow the gen
eral outline of the "ever normal
(See CONGRESSr?age A^3 )
Employes of Five Years’ Service to
Get Week's Pay Thanksgiving.
Christmas Gifts Planned.
Washington's first announcement of'
Thanksgiving and Christmas bonuses
was made today to employes of the
Woodward & Lothrop department
The management posted a notice
saying it was happy to announce that
on Wednesday, the day before Thanks
giving, employes of five years service
or more will receive a week’s pay.
Employes of three years service, but
less than five, will receive three
fourths of a week's pay; those of a
year, but less than three, will get
half a week, and those employed for
less than a year, but continuously
employed since July 31, will receive
a fourth of a week's pay.
On Christmas eve the store will dis
tribute gifts ranging from *20 for
those of more than 10 years service to
*2.50 for those of only a few months
service. Porty-five hundred employe*
will be affected.

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