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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 20, 1937, Image 1

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(O 8 Weather Bureau forecast.)
Generally fair and colder tonight and TVip rmlir __
tomorrow; lowest temperature tonight . ®^ening. paper
about 24 degrees; moderate winds. Tern- 111 Washington with the
peratures today—Highest, 42, at midnight; Asctrtpintprl Pvooa M„„T„
lowest, 36. at 7:10 am.; 40 at 1 p.m. ^Tnt- ° ^ reSS JNeWS
Full report on page A-8. and Wirephoto Services.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 10
Four Coaches Leave Rails
in Accident in Snow
Near Bluefield.
Most of Injured Are Workers at
Power House—Doctors Fear
Others Will Die.
By the Associated Press.
BLUEFIELD. W. Va.. Nov. 20.—An
estimated 57 persons were injured and
an unidentified Negro killed today in
the wreck of Norfolk & Western pas
senger train No. 24 at the crossing of
the Bluestone River 5 or 6 miles west
of Bluefield.
Four cars, two of them baggage
cars and two carrying passengers, left
the rails. One of the passenger cars,
carrying several women and children,
rolled down a bank to the edge of the
Bluestone River. The others rolled
over on their sides at the edge of the
The accident occurred during a
light snowstorm, with temperatures
lar below freezing.
The cause of ilie accident was not
determined. Ambulances from Blue
field and Pocahontas sped to the
scene and removed the injured to
Bluefield hospitals. Physicians said
they expected several of the injured
to die.
Most Were Workmen.
Most of the injured men were work
men returning from the night shift
at the Norfolk & Western power house
at Bluestone. W. Va. The dead man
was taken from the car carrying the
The car that rolled down the em
bankment was badly battered inside,
giving evidence of the manner in
which the passengers were whirled
J. W. Dickinson, an employe c,f the
Bluestone Power House, crashed the
window' next to him as he felt the
coach overturning. He tried to jump
through, but the falling car pinned
him beneath it, his legs across the
rail and the car resting on them.
Three doctors stood by while workers
spent two hours trying to free him.
At the hospital it was said that Dick
inson's condition was critical.
Doctors and Nurses Rushed.
Names of the other injured were not
Immediately learned.
Doctors and nurses were rushed to
the hospital to give emergency treat
Number 24 was an all-steel train
operating between Columbus. Ohio,
and Norfolk, Va. It did not carry
any Pullmans.
The tracks were torn up for sev
eral hundred yards and, with three
coaches derailed, workers said it
would be several hours before the
main lines was cleared. The locomo
tive was not derailed.
The conductor of the train was
James Godfrey of Bluefield. He suf-i
fered an injured hand and shock ana',
did not make an immediate statement.
--- I
Chinese Cool to Rome's Move to
Join Germany to Settle
By Radio to The Star.
ROME. Italy, Nov. 20.—During the
Rome visit of Chen Kuo-pu, Nanking
minister of the press and ‘ Ambasasdor
at large,” the Italians have indicated,
this correspondent understands, their
willingness to present their “good of
fices” along with Germany for a Chi
nese peace with Japan.
The Chinese, it is also understood,
have not warmed to the suggestion for
excellent and obvious reasons.
The line of the Italians to the Chi
nese has been attempted encourage
ment of defeatism. The Chinese have
been given to understand that the
Italians think they have no chance of
withstanding the military might of
Italy's ally in the pact “against com
munism,” Japan.
With this line of reasoning the Chi
nese have not agreed. The Chinese
Hand toward Italy appears to be this:
Italy for long has been increasingly
the teammate of China’s mortal enemy;
Italy has been acting as Japan’s agent
In Brussels; Italy has signed a pact
with Japan “against communism,” a
red herring which Nippon presents to
the w-orld as the excuse for her war on
China; the Italians, moreover, in dis
cussing the possibilities of peace have
suggested an immense surrender by
China, including recognition of “Man
chukuo” and acquiescence in Japanese
control of North China; for all these
reasons China does not fancy Italy
and the other partner in the Tokio
Berlin-Rome triangle, Germany, as her
“go-between” in any negotiations with
(Copyright. 1037.)
I ■ I
G.W.U.-Arkansas Tilt
Broadcast to 1 Fan;
111 Governor Bailey
By the Associated Press.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Nov. 20.
—A Little Rock radio station set
up its broadcasting equipment
for the George Washington
Arkansas game today—for the
benefit of only one listener.
By agreement, local stations do
not broadcast local games.
But for Gov. Carl E. Bailey,
Arkansas' No. 1 football fan, ill
in a hospital, an exception was
made. A special line from the
stadium to the hospital brought
a play-by-play account to his
» ,4
200 Shots Exchanged as Police
Rout Oyster “Pirates” on River
Maryland Conservation Boat Captures
One of 15 Outlaw Virginia Craft After
Hour-Long Battle on Potomac.
Special Dispatch to The Star
LEONDARDTOWN. Md., Nov. 20.—A gun battle between Maryland con
servation patrolmen and oyster “pirates" raged for more than an hour off
Herring Island, in the Lower Potomac River, early today after a cruising
patrol boat encountered a fleet of 15 pirate craft hand-scrapping oysters.
More than 200 shots from machine guns, rifles and shotguns roared across
the water during the battle, and Capt, William S. Thrall, patrol boat com
mander. said he was confident at least several members of the outlaw fleet
wprp .‘itrnrlr Hnrinn- tVu» eYPhontro --
One boat was overhauled and seized
when the "pirate fleet” finally with
drew and scattered. Sheldon Crockett.
50, and Preston Pruiett, 25, both of
Tangier Island. Va., manning the!
captured vessel, were taken into cus-;
tody and are being held in the local
jail pending a hearing.
Capt. Thrall declared the fleet was j
made up of Virginia boats and said j
the encounter was the most bitter that
has occin red between oystermen and
conservation officers since the Mary
land General Assembly closed the Po
tomac to hand-scraping activities five
years ago.
The ban on hand-scraping has been
advocated by a large majority of Mary
land oystermen as a means of preserv
ing the oyster beds and promoting the
(See ’’PIRATES.” Page A-9.)
Takes Colonial Portfolio
Himself—New Viceroy
Duke of Aosta.
By the Associated Press.
ROME. Nov. 20.—Premier Mussolini
today announced a shake-up in his
I cabinet and an important change in
colonial administration in which the
Duke of Aosta was named viceroy of
Ethiopia and II Duce himself assumed
the African portfolio.
Th« 39-year-old Duke of Aosta, a
tall officer of the air corps who helped
conquer Ethiopia, was appointed in
the place of the veteran colonial war
rior, Marshal Rodolfo Graziani. Aosta
is a first cousin, once removed, of King
Vittorio Emanuele.
In taking charge of the ministry
for Italian Africa, Mussolini replaced
Alessandro Lessona. II Duce honored
Gen. Attilio Teruzzi. a veteran of
the Spanish campaign, by naming
him first assistant in the African min
Finance Minister Thaon Di Revel,
jr, was replaced by Felice Guarnieri,
who had been his undersecretary.
Renato Ricci, former head of the
Fascist youth organizations, became an
undersecretary in the ministry of cor
By today’s shake-up. Mussolini as
sumed the fifth of 14 portfolios in the
cabinet—besides the premiership. He
is now minister of interior, war, navy,
air and colonies.
Putting his strong hand directly on
Italy’s new African empire, II Duce an
nounced important changes would be
made toward consolidation in adminis
trative affairs.
There were various reports indicating
Aosta would not hold the same power
a.s that of Graziani as Viceroy of
Ethiopia. Graziani was both military j
and civil head of the colony.
Aosta will assume the Ethiopian post
early in December when Graziani re
turns to Italy. The marshal has been
ailing since he was seriously wounded
in a hand-grenade attack by natives at
Addis Ababa last February.
MANILA, Nov. 20 WP).—Relief circles
expressed belief today that deaths
from this week’s typhoon would ex
ceed 200 and damages would mount
well above $4,000,000 when all re
ports are received from the stricken
area in the Central Philippines.
Relief agencies, still busy aiding
victims of the Armistice Day typhoon i
that left 33 known dead and 40,000
homeless on Luzon Island, sent work
ers to the devastated areas of the
Visayas group.
Breaks Mrs. Mollison's Record.
LONDON, Nov. 20 M3).—Mrs. Betty
Kirby-Green and Flying Officer A. E.
Clouston landed at Croydon flying
field at 3:22 p.m. today, setting a new
record for a round-trip England-to
Capetown flight of 5 days 17 hours 27
minutes. The old round-trip record,
7 days 22 hours 42 minutes, was set
by Mrs. Amy Johnson Mollison.
17 Importers and Dealers
in Illicit Drugs Seized
by Agents.
By the Associated Press.
Secretary Morgenthau said today
Treasury agents, in synchronized raids
across the country, had smashed a
$750,000-a-year narcotic distributing
The Treasury Secretary said pre
liminary reports to Harry J. Anslinger,
commissioner of narcotics, showed 17
importers and large-scale dealers in
illicit drugs, most of them operating
through the Hip Sing Chinese Tong,
were seized in the round-up.
Anslinger told reporters the seizures
made previously during the course of
a six-month investigation indicated
the narcotics handled by the syndicate
had been imported from Japan, Persia
and Prance.
Officials said it was the most exten
sive attack against alleged distributors
of narcotics since March, 1935, when !
more than 1.000 persons were arrested.
The agents, in squads, struck at the
same hour last night on pre-arranged
Maj. Garland Williams, supervisor
of the Narcotics Bureau lor the New
York district, said the raids were aimed
at three interlocked gangs which did ,
a $500,000 annual business.
Nets 1,100 Grains.
The Boston raid netted 1,100 grains
of a narcotic.
White men and women and several
Chinese made up the list of prisoners,
who faced arraignment today.
Fifty agents working in squads struck
at widely separated sections of Man
hattan and Brooklyn to take 16 prison
ers, some of them Chinese All were
charged with violation of the Harrison
Anti-Narcotics Act.
In Boston agents seized 1.100 grains
of a narcotic and two Chinese and a
white man.
In Chicago. Mrs. Elizabeth Bass,
chief of the Federal Narcotics Bureau
here, reported the arrest of two
Chinese, also "part of an interstate
Bid Is First Concrete Result of
Lord Halifax's Journey
to See Hitler.
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. Nov. 20.—An official in
vitation to Baron Konstantin vop
Neurath. Germany’s foreign minister,
to visit England was announced today.
No date was set.
This was generally considered the
one concrete result of the “unofficial”
visit to Germany of Viscount Halifax,
Britain's Lord President of the Coun
cil, who yesterday spent five hours
with Chancellor Adolf Hitler at
Berchtesgaden, discussing Anglo
German relations.
It was announced that Lord Halifax
would leave for London tomorrow, ac
cording to his original schedule.
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusements C-16 Music _B-4
Art-B-3 Obituary_A-8
Books _B-2 Radio _C-8
Churches B-5-6-7 Real Estate C-l-6
Comics ..C-14-15 Short Story_C-8
Editorials_A-6 Society -_,___B-8
Finance _A-12 Sports --.A-10-11
Lost & Found C-8 Woman’s Pg. _C-7
Japanese unify military and naval
command. Page A-3
H Duee shakes up Ethiopian adminis
tration. Page A-l
Chautemps acts to crush armed con
spiracy. Page A-8
Quick death seen for China parley, re
suming Monday. Page A-8
National Guard prepared in Goodyear
strike. Page A-1
Treasury agents smash $750.000-a
year narcotics ring. Page A-l
Roosevelt legislative program stymied
by concern over business. Page A-l
Workers’ housing boom advocated by
C. I. O. official. Page A-8
Farm program faces fiery debate in
both houses next week. Page A-2
Woman Senator cheered after lynch
ing bill speech. Page A-9
Congress to inquire into Mooney case
next month. Page A-2
Tuesday set as "zero hour” on wage
and hour bill. .Page A-9
Appraisal Forum takes up real estate
problems. Page A-2
Georgetown-Maryland football game to
draw about 20,000. Page A-l
Trade Commission meets today in liv
ing cost inquiry. Page A-l
Community Chest workers to start
final drive. Page A-3
Restaurant man who defied bandits
killed by automobile. PageA-14
Trade Board poll asks D. C. budget
under $50,000,000. PageA-14
Coroner’s jury exonerates waitress in
# slaying. PageA-14
Legal action seen possible in mural
dispute. Page A-14
D. A. R. charges reinstatement of
banned school books. Page A-14
Garnett wins space in new Police
Court Building. Page A-14
Yale. Harvard game tops final big grid
day. Page A-10
Hoya-Terp battle lures large crowd to
stadium. Page A-10
Comparative scores futile in rating
grid teams. Page A-ll
Central beats Tech for second grid
honors. Page A-ll
Editorials. Page A-6
This and That. Page A-6
Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-6
Answers to Questions. Page A-6
David Lawrence. Page A-7
H. R. Baukhage. Page A-7
Mark Sullivan. Page A-7
Jay Franklin. Page A-7
Lemuel F. Parton. Page A-7
Shipping News. Page A-8
City News in Brief. Page A-9
Vital Statistics. Page A-9
Bedtime Story. Page C-8
Nature’s Children. Page C-8
Dorothy Dix. Page C-7
Betsy Caswell. Page C-7
Cross-word Puzzle. PageC-14
Letter-Out. Page C-14
Contract Bridge. i^eC-15
Trade Group Meets Today
to Plan Probe Asked
by President.
Special Session legislation on
Monopolies Now Regarded
as Unlikely.
Moving parallel with improve
ment o) business in early New Deal
years, prices showed gradual up
ward trend. Early this year, how
ever, this movement became sharper
even while business activity was
showing first signs o) lagging.
Since high prices are easily turned
into political capital against any
administration, present one was
frankly worried by trend; call for
inquiry followed.
B.v (he Associated Press.
The Federal Trade Commission ar
ranged quick compliance today with
a presidential order for an investiga
tion of higher living costs, an inquiry
which many observers regarded as
portending new anti-trust legislation.
President Roosevelt wrote Chair
man W. A. Ayres of the commission
that his attention ‘ has been directed
to reports of a marked increase in
the cost of living during the present
year. * * * attributable in part to
monopolistic practices and other un
who!%,me methods of competition."
The letter, asking for the inquiry
and a report as early as practicable,
reached Chairman Ayres too late yes
terday for the commission to consider
it immediately.
However, he called the members to
gether today for a discussion of the
probable scope of the investigation.
This meeting adopted a formal
resolution saying that "with the aid
of ar.y and all powers conferred upon
it by law, this commission shall un
dertake an immediate investigation of
the matters set forth in the President's
letter * * * and shall report thereon
to the President as early as passible."
Members said the commission would
confer early next week with legal and
economic experts about the mechanics
of the inquiry and decide whether to
lmit it to a few major lines, such as
food stocks and clothing, or include
a murh umHav fiolH
Will Require Months.
While reluctant to predict the
length of the investigation, a com- j
mission spokesman said it would "run '
into months.”
"Our report will be made as early
as possible in 1938.” he said.
This was taken to mean the admin
istration would not ask for anti-trust
legislation at the special session, as
Mr. Roosevelt first proposed, but would
send any recommendations to the
regular session starting in January.
The Justice Department has been
studying the anti-trust laws for
months, preliminary to suggesting re
Mr. Ayres told reporters the com
mission has received “lots of inquiries"
regarding increased living costs.
"I suppose the President has had
the same complaints,” he added.
The complaints, Mr. Ayres ex
plained, were not concentrated on any
particular line of industry, but in
volved "almost every line.”
Monopolies Inquiry.
The commission's recent investiga
tions, Mr. Ayres said, have not "fully
developed" the answers to questions
concerning monopolistic trends.
Mr. Roosevelt, on his recent trip to
the West Coast, advocated a wider
distribution of the control of indus
try. In his message to Congress Mon
day, he suggested further study of
means to check threats against "free
Senator Borah, Republican, of
Idaho, contends lack of enforcement
of anti-trust laws, rather than any
weakness in them, allows monopoly to
continue. He favors requiring inter
state corporations to obtain Federal
charters, one requirement being that
they refrain from monopolistic prac
The Federal charter bill was intro
duced by Senator O’Mahoney, Demo
crat, of Wyoming, who said last night
the Nation cannot hope for permanent
recovery until the Government elimi
nates "dishonest corporate devices.”
He said in a radio address that cur
rent economic problems result from
the concentration of too much eco
nomic power in too few hands.
Wing of Hyattsville Filling Sta
tion Torn Out by Force
of Explosion.
B> a Stall Correspondent of The Star.
HYATTSVILLE, Md., Nov. 20.—
Three men narrowly escaped seri
ous injury today when an explosion
tore an entire wing from the E. C.
Stewart filling station on the Balti
more Boulevard while a 3,000-gallon
gasoline tank was open and being
Mr. Stewart, owner of the station,
was sitting in the station at the time
of the explosion. He said a sheet of
flame enveloped the building, but he
escaped injury.
The force of the explosion, which
was ascribed by Mr. Stewart to ac
cumulated gas fumes, tore an un
completed concrete block addition
from the rear of the building and
shattered plate glass in the front.
Two other employes of the station
were outside the building at the time.
V _
Roosevelt’s Program Barely
Moves in Face of Need
of Lighter Taxes.
By the Associated Press.
Wordy manifestations of uneasiness
over business conditions exhausted
the first week of the special con- |
gressional session, during which the I
Roosevelt legislative program barely
inched ahead.
Much talk and petty bickering fur
nished evidence .hat what President I
Roosevelt's opening message termed j
a "marked” industrial recession was
for many Congressmen paramount to
matters for which they were sum
moned—crop control, executive re
organization. wage and hou. regulation
and regional planning.
This sentiment centered ir. demands
for removal of tax burdens on busi
ness. especially modification of the
undistributed corporate profits and
capital gams taxes now being studied
by a House subcommittee.
Revision Foregone Conclusion.
Ultimate revision of some kind was
a foregone conclusion after Mr. Roose
velt advocated "lightening inequitable j
burdens” on small business enter- I
Tax revision appeared unlikely, j
however, before the regular January
session. The week's virtual stand
still record appeared to place about
half of Mr. Roosevelt's requests on
the same waiting list.
Although farm bills were nearly
ready for consideration in each house,
floor battles were in "prospect over
such issues ag voluntary versus man
datory crop control and processing
taxes to finance increased costs.
Leaders foresaw a possibility of
forcing a House vote on the wage
and hour bill which the Senate ap
proved last summer. But ahead of
Senate action on two other adminis
tration measures—executive reorgani
zation and regional planning—was
the prospect of still more filibustering
against the anti-lynching bill. A mo
tion for its consideration had tied
(See CONGRESS, Page A^9 J
Roosevelt Held
Above Fears of
Dentist’s Chair
By the Associated Press.
MEMPHIS. Tenn . Nov. 20.—Presi
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt was pic
tured by his wife today as a man with
out fear of the dentist.
Here for a scheduled lecture tonight
on "Problems of Youth." Mrs. Roose
velt said the President "has been
known to fall asleep in the dentist's
chair.” She made the comment dur- I
ing questioning concerning the Presi- j
dent's trouble with an aching tooth, j
Mrs. Roosevelt and a group from
Todhunter College will visit Pickwick !
Dam and Muscle Shoals tomorrow and
Norris Dam on Monday. She planned
to be back in Washington Tuesday.
•--• -— -
Sebastiao Cardinal Leme Officiates
at Wedding to Miss Gertrude
By the Associated Press.
United States Ambassador Jefferson
Caffery and Miss Gertrude McCarthy
of Chicago were married today by
Sebastiao Cardinal Leme in the pri
vate chapel of the Archiepicopal Pal
ace at Sao Joaquim.
A message from Eugenio Cardinal
Pacelli. papal secretary of state, im
parting the Pope's blessing on the
couple, was read at the conclusion of
the two-ring ceremony before a small
number of guests in the red and gold
Mario Pimental Brandao. Brazilian
foreign minister, and Aloysio Masella,
papal nuncio and dean of the diplo
matic corps, signed as witnesses to the
religious wedding, which was pre
ceded by a civil ceremony held in the
United States Embassy.
A wedding breakfast was served at
the home of Embassy Counsellor and
Mrs. Robert M. Scotten, whence the
Cafferys motored to Therezopolis for
a brief honeymoon before returning to
Rio de Janeiro.
Fort Sheridan Quarantined.
CHICAGO, Nov. 20 0?5).—The Fort
Sheridan Army post was under quar
antine today because of prevalence of
nacillary dysentery.
20,000 Fans Expected to See
Georgetown-Maryland Game
Tom-tommed as the piece de
resistance of local football rivalry, the
Georgtown-Maryland gridiron clash
at Griffith Stadium this afternoon
was expected to draw upwards of
20.000 fans, many of them "old grads"
who continued to pour into the Cap
ital this morning to support the pre
diction that the Hilltoppers’ home
coming celebration would be the
greatest in years.
Although the week-ago odds fav
ored the College Park Terrapins at
7 to 5, the two teams appeared
equally matched. The kick-off was
set for 2 p.m.
The prospects of a close struggle,
based on precedent of the last three
years, in which neither team has
won by more than a one-touchdown
margin, and the natural rivalry of the
neighboring schools, was expected to
result in a complete sellout of side
line seats, with late purchasers being
relegated to stands behind the end
l— -..
Background of the current series
was completely opposite to the first
group of games between the two
teams from 1897 to 1907, which found
Georgetown winning all six contests
and Maryland unable to score a
point. Today it is Maryland which
holds the edge, two victories to one,
in the battles resumed in 1934 and
continued the last two years.
Although dopesters have figured a
tie as the easiest solution to today’s
game, a deadlock would be the first
between Maryland and Georgetown in
their 10 games together. Last year’s
7-6 victory for G. U. was the closest
game. Georgetown’s 28-0 victories in
1903 and 1907 were the greatest
Two sophomores, one on each team,
may hold the key to the outcome.
Georgetown’s Joe Mellendick generally
is rated the best back slated for action,
while Maryland’s Pershing Mondorff is
eatable of deciding a close game with
(See HOME-COMING, Page A-9.)
Tentative Starting Line-ups.
Georgetown. Position. Maryland.
7 Snyder..L.E...Smith.41-75
30 Stralka-L.T.___,_Abarano_48-43
14 Prank.....l.G...Wolfe_62-93
20 Hardy...c. .Walton_22-33
16 Shuker ..R.G...Surgent_34-59
33 Robertson---R.T. __...Brown_52-95
34 Cavadine..r.E. ..McCarthy.. 54-89
26 Keating ..q.B. .Weidinger.. 37-49
19 Mellendick. H.B. .Meade.45-57
46 Wychunas.H.B..Skotnicki.. 19-19
17 Darmohray.F.B..p. De Armey 46-39
Georgetown Reserves.
Moulin (1), Schmidt (2), Tehaan (3), Barabas (5), Ludwinowicz (6),
Nee (8), Chapman (10), Urbanski (11), Noonan (21), Keegin (18), Stadler
(22), O'Brien (23), Churinska (25), Sheeran (42), Hill (43).
Maryland Reserves.
Budkoff (47-81), Bryant (39-55), Wood (29-83), Daneker (53-22),
Dowling (61-97), Davis (56-91), Aitcheson (35-51), Lloyd (38-79), Law
rence (30-29), Jones (18-11), Hess (51-77), Forrester (27-35), Hewitt
(23-23), W. Wheeler (33-45), Cronin (16-15), Boyda (44-65), Mondorff
(50-69), Brand (30-21).
Referee—Mr. Magoffin (Michigan). Umpire—Mr. Menton (Loyola).
Head linesman—Mr. G. P. Compton. Field judge—Mr. P. L. Reagan
15 Soldiers Under Officer1
Meet No Resistance in
Capturing City.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Nov. 20.—A Japanese
Army spokesman declared today that I
15 Japanese soldiers under a second j
lieutenant captured Soochow, key
stone of China’s “Hindenburg Line,” j
without firing a single shot.
The spokesman declared that the!
fall of Soochow, 50 miles west of i,
Shanghai, was “one of the most amaz
ing captures of an important city in
all the annals of war.”
According to thus account there was
no real Chinese resistance at Soochow,
considered the gate to Nanking, the j
Chinese capital, from which the gov- j
emment formally withdrew today.
Chinese Lolling About City.
The main Japanese force, expecting
to be confronted by at least one
Chinese division, was amazed to meet
only small apparantly dazed groups of i
Chinese soldiers, with loaded rifies and
fixed bayonets, lolling about Soochow j
as the Japanese marched in. None of '
these men questioned the presence of j
Japanese troops, the spokesman said.!
He continued:
“Our men went directly to a big ;
pagoda overlooking the city, where j
they hoisted the Japanese flag. Seeing i
this the Chinese troops fled.”
The spokesman said the lack of j
Chinese resistance was due probably |
to extreme fatigue, owing to long
forced marches from lines farther to
the east He declared the Chinese
lacked spirit or energy to prevent
any one entering the town, and added:
“The Chinese line extending from
Fushan on the south bank of the
Yangtze River some 40 miles above
Soochow to Soochow, which the Chi
nese boasted they would be able to
hold for six months, broke down in
exactly four days.”
Surge Toward Nanking.
Three gaps in the Chinese defense
system permitted Japan’s legions to
surge toward Nanking, some 125 miles
northwest of Soochow.
While Soochow fell, both ends of
the "Hindenburg” line also had been
turned by the Japanese today, the
100th day of hostilities on the Shang
hai front. Kashing, 25 miles south
east of Soochow', was in Japanese
hands. A third Japanese column had
skirted Changshu, 25 miles to the
Chinese said Kashing capitulated
only after severe street fighting.
Division of opinion appears in
Nanking over the advisability of mak
ing a last-ditch stand in the capital's
defense or saving it from destruction
by withdrawing.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and
his aides were understood to favor
defending Nanking at all costs. A
growing faction, however, advocated
withdrawal before the Japanese ar
Chinese Plan to Fight Japanese to
End for Nanking.
NANKING, Nov. 20. i/P).—The Chin
ese government formally announced
removal of the nation’s capital today
to Chungking, in Szechwan Province.
Government officials, however, re
iterated their determination to resist
the Japanese to the last man. (Chung
king, on the meandering Yangtze
River west of Nanking, is about 750
air miles farther inland.)
Pull evacuation, however, was not
expected at least for another week.
A dispersal of central government
ministries and officials to several in
land cities has been in progress for a
week without a formal announcement
of evacuation.
Civil departments, the government
declared, were withdrawing “in order
to conform to requirements of the
present state of hostilities and to be
more advantageously situated to direct
national affairs and maintain pro
longed resistance.”
With the evacuation of government
offices almost complete, authorities
began a systematic stripping of val
uable equipment, machinery and fur
All was to be moved away, leaving
Nanking only an empty, nominal cap
ital should the Japanese occupy it.
There were no signs of civil disorder.
Ranking Chinese generally were
resolutely in favor of continuing the
nation’s defense. Informed foreign
quarters expressed belief that any
steps by the government toward ac
cepting oppressive peace terms might
split it into opposing factions.
Move Follows Announce
ment Plant Will Be Re
opened Despite Dispute.
U. A. W. President Speeds to Pon
tiac to Address Workers in
G. M. C. Crisis.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 20 (£>).—Del
mond Garst, regional director of
the United Automobile Workers of
America, announced today the
union would call a strike at the
St. Louis assembly plant of the
Ford Motor Co. “not later than next
Wednesday” if alleged “discrimina
tory practices” continued against
union men.
By the Associated Press.
AKRON, Ohio, Nov. 20 —Ohio Na
tional Guard units prepared today for
possible service at the Goodyear Tire
& Rubber Co., where a sit-down strike
is in progress, making 12,000 workers
Company officials announced the
plant would reopen Monday and union
officials immediately said picket lines
would be placed around the plant
covering hundreds of acres in the
heart of this rubber city.
Adjt. Gen. Emil F. Marx at Columbus
said while no National Guard units
had yet been sent here, troops were
being prepared for a possible mobiliza
tion call. Two National Guard ob
servers are on the scene here.
Marx said he would discuss with
Gov. Martin L. Davey today the situ
ation and any orders for the movement
of troops here would come from the
Gov. Davey, during the steel strike
last spring, sent troops to struck plants
to “protect the right of men to work."
The order affected 22 units in 20
•ities, about 2,000 men, the adjutant
general said.
Gen. Marx said his observers re
sorted from Akron this morning that
he situation had “eased.” He said he
rlanned to have the men stand by for
'two or three days.”
“It's really all over now,” the adju
•ant general added.
Strikers Leave Plant.
Nearly all the 300 to 600 sit-down
strikers left the plant this morning,
John D. House, president of Goodyear
Local No. 2 of the United Rubber
Workers of America, announced.
House said he and other officers of
he union ordered the plant evacuated
rnd that all but a few, who refused to
:eave. came out of the plant.
Tire remaining were expected to
tome out later in the day. House said.
The two Ohio National Guard ob
servers, Gen. Gilson Light of Toledo
ind Gen. William Marlin of Cleve
land interviewed Mayor Lee D. Schroy,
Federal Conciliator Hugh D. Friel and
Regional Labor Relations Board Di
rector James P. Miller regarding the
No Work Scheduled Today.
Last night Goodyear officials barred
workers who planned to relieve sit
down strikers and also closed the com
pany cafeteria. No work had been
scheduled for today.
House announced a union meeting
would be held tomorrow' at 2 p.m.,
when members W'ould decide what to
do about the situation. He indicated
a formal strike vote would be taken.
The sit-down strikers protesting
against scheduled lay-offs, have com
pletely paralyzed operations in all
plants of the company affecting near
ly 12,000 employes.
“The plants will be reopen for all
those who want to return to work,”
said Clifton C. Slusser, vice president
and factory manager. At the same
time he relented in an earlier decision
to bar from the plants any workers
attempting to relieve strikers. He said
the ban on admittance would apply
to only W'orkers attempting to enter
at times other than the hours of
shift changes.
Advised of Slussers statement, sev
eral shop committeemen declared
that pickets would take up posts
around the plant “in the next 24
hours" to prevent resumption of oper
ations. They declined to give their
“Urgent Meeting” to Consider Un
authorized Fisher Strike.
DETROIT, Nov. 20 UP).—The high
command of the United Automobile
W'orkers of America, concerned over
an unauthorized sit-down strike in the
Fisher body plant at Pontiac, issued a
call today for an “urgent meeting” of
the International Executive Board
here at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
Union officials said the board would
iiscuss the “entire General Motors
situation,” including the resumption of
negotiations on a new contract with
;he corporation.
General Motors Corp. officials have
iemanded renewed guarantees against
‘outlaw' strikes as a prerequisite to
jontinued negotiations.”
After issuing the conference call,
Homer Martin, U. A. W. president, left
or Flint to address a union meeting
his afternoon. He said he would stop
it Pontiac, to address strikers in the
Fisher plant on his return trip from
Flint to Detroit.
U. A. YV. in Outlaw Strike to Be Ad
dressed by Official.
PONTIAC, Mich., Nov. 20 UP).—
Homer Martin, president of the United
Automobile Workers of America,
leaded for Pontiac today to address
strikers who have disregarded the
exhortations of their officers to with
draw from the Fisher Body Corp. plant
Martin, announcing in Chicago last
night his intention of coming here, did
not say what stand he would take
when appearing before the strikers.
Neither did he know what time he
would make his visit

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