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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 21, 1937, Image 14

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TRADE BODY ACTS
*■
P
i
Way Take Some Time to
iFind Effects of Monopoly '
. #
Practices.
s
‘ihi Federal Trade Commission re
aonded yesterday to a request by
weildent Roosevelt that it undertake
An Investigation of the extent to which
monopolistic practices and other "un
wholesome" methods of competition
Have been responsible ’ tor the sharp
flae In the cost of living during the
present year.
* At a meeting yesterday morning the
flAmmission adopted a resolution au
feorizing such an investigation with
•-view to making a report as early as
ggssible. Officials of the commission
ijlought it would take several months
M assemble the necessary data.
^That the President does not intend,
ljbwever, to wait for the report before
Saving to break down restrictions on
e free play of competition was re
dialed by an official of the Depart
3ent of Justice which has been draft
g anti-monopoly legislation for the
(Knsideration of Congress at the regu
)gr session which opens in January.
, Attorney General Cummings re
lated to the President last spring that
his anti-trust division was under
manned and lacking in the funds
Accessary to enforce the present anti
trust statutes. He also recommended
Amendments simplifying procedure in
Mntl-trust prosecutions, the trial of
Inch cases have been made unduly
complicated and difficult by reason of
Judicial interpretations over a long
Hriod of years.
■ One of the enactments sought by
tte Justice Department is an increase
■I inter-corporate dividend taxes.
With the idea that such taxes should
IK high enough to discourage inter
OOrporate combinations of capital,
r- Other objectives which Congress will
IK asked to facilitate are legislation
giving the Government the right to
name the court in which it may
prosecute anti-trust cases, simplifica
tion of procedure in the direction of
giving greater weight to factual evi
dence than to evidence of intent, and
Sfislation increasing the powers of
e Federal Trade Commission to
regulate natural monopolies where
^bmpetition could not be revived.
f The Attorney General also plans to
Ilk Congress to increase the budget of
the anti-trust division $1,000,000 so
that a larger staff may be maintained.
(Copyright. 1937. bv New York Herald
Tribune )
ARTS CLUB’S BALI BAL
CHAIRMAN ANNOUNCED
Mr«. Maud Howell Smith and
Mrs. Ethel Hoffman Kane Head
Drama, Dance Units.
Mrs. Maud Howell Smith and Mrs.
Ethel Hoffman Kane have been named
first and second vice chairmen, re
spectively, of the Bali Bal. to be given
by the Arts Club January 10 at the
Willard Hotel.
Mrs. Smith, who heads the club's
drama section, will be in charge of the
dramatic sections of the ball pageant
and Mrs. Kane will be in charge of
arranging the dance numbers.
The danoes already are in rehearsal
and Mrs. Smith announced yesterday
that work on the dramatic sequences
will be begun as soon as the pageant
•eenario is completed.
The theme of the ball pageant will
be the festival life of the Balinese.
Miss Bertha Noyes, w'ho recently vis
ited the historic island of Bali In the
South Seas, is chairman of the Ball
Committee.
-•
CENTRAL HIGH STUDENTS
TO HEAR BLOOM SPEAK
1*
Representative Sol Bloom, director
feneral of the United States Consti
tutional Sesquicentennial Commission,
drill address Central High School stu
dents at a tree-planting ceremony
Tuesday morning.
1 The graduating class of February,
1938, will present the tree, a holly, to
ttie school as a living memorial of
the 150th anniversary of the formation
Of the Constitution. Principal L. H.
■oover will accept it on behalf of the
•chool.
The Rev. Dr. G. G Johnson, pastor
•f the National Memorial Baptist
Church, will deliver the invocation at
the ceremony. H. Butterworth will
•bnduct the school band in several
pusical selections.
t ---
- Celebration to Conclude.
£ The United Government Employes
Bill hold the final meeting of their
Krst anniversary celebration at the
Barnet-Patterson School atf 3:30 this
Eftemoon. Representative Johnson,
Democrat, of Oklahoma, and William
S. Houston, special assistant to the
Attorney General, will speak, and
Oiere will be a program of entertain
ment.
Old Sol Too Slow
These bathing beauties basking on the beach at Willow
Lake. Calif., found the process of acquiring a winter sun tan
too slow. They decided to speed up the work of Old Sol with the
help of a spray and sun-tan solution, the base of which, curiously
enough, is milk. —Wide World Photo.
Pontiac
_(Continued From First Page.)
Negotiating Committee, headed by
George Method, were the strike lead
ers Martin called to meet with the
international board.
Concerning his visit to Flint, Mar
tin said:
"The meetings in Flint today were
very successful and the membership
unequivocally went on record as sup
porting our stand against unauthor
ized strikes.”
Doesn't Call On Strikers.
Method and the other members of
his committee waited at a hotel
here with the expectation that Martin
would call on them, but he left after
talking with Dorr V. Mitchel, presi
dent of the local union, and Charles
Madden, regional U. A. W. A. director
here.
Asked what the international union
would do if the strikers continue
to disregard plea* to call ofT their
sit-down. Martin replied:
“That's in the future. We won't
talk about it now."
The showdown on the ability of
the International officers to control
U. A. W. A., which had been expected
to come today or tonight, was post
poned until Sunday by Martin's
action.
"No small group of workers who
think they can do as they please can
close a General Motors plant and stay
within the pale of the union." he said,
at the closed membership meeting in
Flint.
Strike Refused in Lansing.
At Lansing. Mich., members of the
Fisher local union there voted to fol
low the policy of Martin. Lester Wash
burn. regional director of the union,
said the men were eager to “prove to
General Motors and the public that we
have a well disciplined union.”
Indicating the concern felt by the
union's high command at the major
test of its ability to control its mem
bers, the call for a special meeting of
the International Executive Board to
morrow instructed the members to
travel by airplane, if necessary, to
attend the meeting. Martin said the
board was called to discuss "the entire
General Motors situation” as well as
the Pontiac strike.
General Motors has demanded re
newed assurance against outlaw strikes
before resuming negotiations on a new
agreement. A clause in the existing
agreement, inserted September 16, con
ceded the management the right to
discipline instigators of outlaw strikes.
The union claimed this was nullified
by the U. A. W. A. rejection last
Sunday of a new agreement.
"We are going to give General Mo
tors assurance against outlaw strikes;’’
Martin said today, "but the September
16 clause is foolish. No union would
be able to operate under that kind of
system. We propose now a joint re
sponsibility for living up to contracts.
We will take care of our own mem
bership, but not stool pigeons who may
cause strikes.
"We want to go through the grlev
ance procedure and, if we cannot settle
an issue there, have an impartial
umpire."
The sit-down strikers at Pontiac,
numbering approximately 450, dug in
for an indefinite siege. Refused strike
benefit funds by the International
union. The strikers were supplied with
blankets and food by sympathizers.
The Pontiac U. A. W. A. local also
placed funds at their disposal.
Odin H. Johnson, attorney here for
the U. A. W. A., said the strikers were
demanding:
Reduction of the speed of con- •
veyar lines which, they claimed,
were speeded up when several hun
dred workers were dismissed re
eently.
Removal of E. R. Leeder, the
Fisher plant manager, who insisted
in conferences Wednesday upon
dismissal of four men whom he
blamed for a 13-hour strike which
began Monday night.
Re-employment of 1.3S0 workers,
the number the men claimed have
been laid off in recent weeks, and
a •share-the-work” program un
der which hours would be reduced
to provide some work for all em
ployes.
Abandonment of a reported plan
to transfer some processes from
the Pontiac Fisher plant to a New
Jersey plant.
Reinstatement of the four men
suspended Wednesday, six men dis
charged last June after a non
union man was thrust, feet first,
into a barrel containing a tarlike
substance, and two men dismissed
in March, 1936.
William S. Knudsen. president of
General Motors Corp., said last night
that "irresponsibilty on the part of
locals and unauthorized strikes" Jeop
ardized collective bargaining.
Gov. Frank Murphy, whose efforts
brought about settlement of the ex
tended General Motors strike last win
ter, was reported to have been in tele
phone communication with General
Motors and union officials, but he de
clined today to comment on the latest
sit-down.
The Fisher strike here was the third
since U. A. W. A. delegates rejected a
proposed new agreement with General
Motors. The others, the Monday night
strike in the same plant and a strike
Wednesday of foundry employes in
the Cadillac Motor Car Co. plant at
Detroit, were short-lived.
OHIO GUARD READY
Sit-Down Tactics Will Not
Be Tolerated, Gov. Davey
Declares.
BACKGROUND—
Gov. Martin L. Davey of Ohio,
a Democrat, now completing his
third year in office, has exchanged
frequent verbal attacks with C. I.
O. leaders since he sent National
Guardsmen to steel strike centers
last Summer when C. I. O. Steel
Workers’ Organising Committee
was attempting to obtain bargain
ing contracts from "Little Steel."
At that time Gov. Davey said he
called out the troops ‘‘to protect
the right to work and the right
to strike’’ and to avert bloodshed.
B» the Associated Press.
AKRON, Ohio, Nor. 20—The State
of Ohio ordered 2,000 National
Guardsmen to “stand by” today for
possible duty at the Akron plants of
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co, and
Gov. Martin U Davey declared sit
down strikes “will not be tolerated
in Ohio.”
“The sit-down strike is illegal, im
moral and revolutionary,” the execu
tive declared, a few hours after orders
had gone out for 22 National Guard
units in 20 cities to be ready for call.
“It is a defiance of law and of de
cent public opinion, and is a dan
gerous defiance of American tradi
tions. Such a weapon of industrial
warfare will not be tolerated in Ohio.”
Almost simultaneously with is
suance of the National Guard orders,
leaders of the C. I. O. United Rubber
Workers reported nearly all the 300
to 800 workers who sat down Priday
in protest against a lay-off plan had
filed out of the plants. This, the
union leaders said, was in obedience
to their orders and to the union’s
constitution, which forbids sit-down
strikes. <
The sit-downers hid occupied part
of the company's three plants for 34
hours. The entire factory closed
down as a result, making 12f00
workers idle.
Adj. Gen. Emil F. Marx ordered
the National Guard units to remain
"on notice” until next week.
Goodyear officials said their plants
would reopen Monday.
John D. House, president of Good
year Local No. 2 of the United Rub
ber Workers, indicated a formal
strike vote—possibly affecting all the
Goodyear workers—would be taken
at a mass meeting tomorrow.
The Goodyear sit-down started
early Friday. House claimed Good
year violated seniority rights in a re
trenchment schedule calling for lay
off of 1,600 employes; Factory Mana
ger Clifton C. Slusser replied it was
too late to defer lay-offs, as the union
asked.
—' ■■
2 Hurt in Grade Crash.
LEXINGTON, Va„ Nov. 13 <>¥*>.—
James Gardner Monroe, 60, and a 15
year-old colored boy were critically
injured today when an automobile was
struck by a Norfolk & Western train
| in Glasgow. Monroe, Glasgow dairy
man, and the boy were unconscious
when admitted to a hospital here.
UNITED FRUIT VESSELS
TO BE SHIFTED EAST
Three Past Mail Carrlera to Be
Taken Off Pacific Bun
Next Month.
Br the Associated Press.
H. L. Harris of the United Fruit
Co. said today the “three fast mail
ships of the United Fruit Co." which
have been on duty “between Ban Fran
cisco, Los Angeles and various Pacific
Latin American ports,” will be trans
ferred to the East coast run next
month.
In a telegram to the Associated
Press, Harris said, the ships will be
placed in service from New York, on
a “schedule which Includes the pres
ent Costa Rican and Colombian
cruises." |
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