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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 21, 1937, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1937-11-21/ed-1/seq-18/

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PROPAGANDA WAVE
IN U. S. RECALLS 14
Lecturers Flock to America.
Cost to Foreign Nations
Rises Into Millions.
By CONSTANTINE BROWN.
The United States is once more de
luged with foreign propaganda and
propagandists.
As in the years 1914-1917 foreign
Interests are at work. Their methods
of Influencing American public opinion
are improved, however. Some of the
propagandists want to convince the
American people yiat we are too weak
to take any positive action in the de
fense of American interests and that
these interests abroad are not worth
the bones of one of the inmates of Al
oe traz.
Other interests are endeavoring to
convince the people of this country
that they must shoulder the rifle once
more in the defense of democracy and
“world peace."
While it is difficult to ascertain with
any degree of accuracy the amount of
money spent on tfiis propaganda, con
servative estimates are that between
$1,500,000 and $2,750,000 have been
spent in the last 12 months to teach
the American people what to do.
Both Wooed U. S. in *14.
In the years preceding America's en
try into the World War, both groups
of belligerents tried to win the peo
ple of this country. When the Central
powers discovered that this was not
possible, they applied themselves to
maintaining the United States neu
tral.
This time, while only a couple of
wars are in progress, one group is try
ing to gain America's active support
while the other is trying to offset this
action.
The European democracies—Great
Britain and France—are doing, their
utmost to commit the Government of
the United States to a definite policy
of making once more the world safe for
democracy.
While the administration is in sym
pathy with these two nations, which
have maintained a liberal form of gov
ernment, it dares not risk any positive
action for fear of the unfavorable re
action of the American people.
Lecturers Flocking to U. S.
Consequently, the French and the
British have taken upon themselves
the task of educating the American
public to the idea that interests of the
European democracies are parallel
with those of the people of the United
States.
lecturers trained in the school of
Downing Street and the Quai d'Orsay
are frequent visitors to this country.
They travel from New York to San
Francisco and never neglect to spend
as much time as possible in the Middle
West. No engagement, regardless how
unremunerative it may be, is turned
down by famous men from England
and France.
As a rule these lecturers, many of
them possessing high sounding titles,
receive payments from the American
institutions where they deliver their
speeches. But if they don’t, it does not
matter. They receive their compen
sation from the secret funds of their
respective governments.
U. S. Writers Not Used.
The old-fashioned method of ob
taining the interested support of cer
tain American writers has been aban
doned. The type of men who would
serve the interests of another country
is such that their writings could carry
no weight. The foreign diplomatic
missions in Washington have informed
their governments that the hiring of
doubtful characters harm more than
Anything else the "cause.”
The propaganda of the authoritarian
states, especially Japan, is bent on
convincing the people of this country
that they are helpless before the might
of the military power of the dictator
ships. It says that whatever may hap
pen to other countries, the United
States runs no danger of being invaded
or attacked as long as she minds her
own business.
The Japanese propaganda works nec
essarily through other channels than
the direct Japanese ones.
The distinguished Japanese visitors
who occasionally come to the United
States are careful not to say too much.
Financial Pressure Brought to Bear.
But there are other more powerful
means to influence public opinion in
the United States in the desired sense.
■Diere are "accounts” of Japanese
commercial firms with certain Ameri
can groups. These groups are gen
uinely convinced that a row with the
Nipponese Empire would be damaging
to our trade interests and are doing
their best to avert any friction with
that Pacific power. Pamphlets and
speeches are prepared to prove to
the people of the United States the
futility of becoming engaged in a
row with uncertain results with a
nation which has always nourished
friendly sentiments towards this coun
try. The preparedness of Japan and
the lack of military and naval prepa
ration of this country are both being
overplayed.
because oi me dislike the Ameri
can people have exhibited toward the
recent Japanese “diplomatic methods,”
the work of the Tokio government
Is subtle and necessarily expensive.
Nasis and Italians Less Active.
The German and the Italian gov
ernments are less active—in appear
ance at least—than the other govern
ments. They have the advantage of
having a substantial number of Ger
man Americans and Italo-Americans
sympathetic to Mussolini and Hitler.
These people are doing their best
to help their old country and are
being assisted by their former gov
ernments. Thus, a German or an
Italian be he a non-naturalized rest-'
dent or a naturalized citizen, Is fre
quently brought into line by a gentle
pressure.
If he is in a business requiring
Imports from either of those two
countries, he will have his credit
curtailed, if he does not play the
game. Or if he is in the exporting
business, he will find his wares are
not acceptable by the government
agencies in Italy or in Germany.
If the recalcitrant individual owns
a restaurant, or is a tailor, for in
stance, he will find, in the event he
does not comply with the requests
of the agents, that his patrons will
abandon him.
All these facts are known to the
proper authorities, which, however,
are not in a position to do anything
about them.
Two Die in Plane Crash.
BAN DIEGO. Calif., Nov. 20 (£>).—
Two men were killed when their small
monoplane struck telephone wires and
crashed at Otay Dam near here today.
The dead are K. J. Helzle, pilot, and
7. X. McGrath, both of San Diego
and both attached to Navy units
here.
*
New Chemical “Find” Plates
Iron and Steel With Silver
By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE,
Associated Press Science Editor.
BLOOMINGTON, Ind., Nov. 20.—
Silver bearings for alrplace engines
are promised by a chemical discovery
announced today at the University of
Indiana.
The airplane silver porta are planned
as a new step In the race for higher
speed. Tests have shown that silver
is better than babbitt, the usual metal
around whirling shafts.
The silver is "soft” against steel,
it has less friction, it stands greater
heat, it lasts longer. But until the
Indiana chemical discovery there have
been difficulties in the way of cheap,
quick production of these much-sought
"silver heels” of speed.
The problem has been to plate sil
ver directly upon steel. Plated silver
would form the Inner lining of the
steel housing around a shaft. The
silversmith's art was too expensive.
For plating he heated both metals and
pressed them hot.
Electroplating required first a plat
ing of copper upon the steel as a base
to hold the silver. The Indiana chem
ists have done away with the need
for the copper base and discovered
how to electroplate silver directly
upon iron and steel.
The secret they discovered was
cleaning the iron or steel surface.
This surface, under a microscope, is
a pebbly layer of metallic crystals.
In the “cracks” between the crystals
were impurities, like dirt between
swept cobblestones. The chemical
“dirt” was apparently mostly graphite.
When this dirt was cleaned off by
chemical processes, the silver plated
fast to the bare iron and steel. It
adhered so strongly that the Iron could
be broken without stripping off the
sliver layer.
The first layer of silver is so thin
the iron can be seen through it. But
subsequent plating builds solid layers
of silver up to a tenth of an inch
thick. Electroplating process was de
veloped by two young scientists, L. I.
Gilbertson and Aaron Johnson, work
tut* of Technology, Pennsylvania,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and
the National Bureau of Standards.
URGES SCHOOLS BE FREE
HARRISBURG, Pa., Nov. 20 (/P).—
Brooks Fletcher, Democratic Repre
sentative in Congress from Marion,
Ohio, urged today that education be
kept free from "Federal control, domi
nation. dictation or interference of
any klhd.”
Fletcher spoke to the annual con
vention of the southern district, Penn
sylvania State Education Association.
HOW MUMS ARE NAMED
Varieties Called for Each 5,000th
Visitor at Conservatory.
CHICAGO, Nov. 20 (PC).—Want to
have your name perpetuated—hortl
culturally?
All you have to do la arrange to be
a 5,000th visitor at the Garfield Parle
Conservatory. August Koch, horticul
turist, said 30 new varieties of chry
santhemums have been developed by
cross pollination and each 5,000th vis
itor would have a variety named for
him, or her.
=gg=l .
THE NATIONAL FURNITURE CO., 7th AND H STS. I
No Money Down! Buy Now... Day Next Year!
_r >.. .....-*—ir ---- -
6-Piece Group Included With This Suite
Two-piece Living Room Suite, consisting of ■■■F
ll Sofa and Lounge Chair in a smart modern
*j style, covered in modern Tapestry. INCLUD- ▼ W m
ED—Modern Occasional Chair, Bridge Lamp, m M
j End Table, Occasional Table, Table Lamp Jv E
j and a Smoker. No Money Down! Easy Credit
|| Terms!
! ' — -S * ggg-gs^::— ——
58-Piece Group Included With This Suite
Ten-piece Dining Room Suite, all hard
wood construction and selected Walnut
veneers. Buffet, China, Server, Table, five
Side chairs and Arm Chair. INCLUDED—
Seven-piece Damask Set, 26-piece Set of
Tableware and a 25-piece Set of Dishes.
No Money Down! Easy Credit Terms!
f——
I
Included/
This valuable 6-piece Group included
with the purchase of any Living Room
Suite priced $66 or more . . . during
this sale!
i
5-Piece Group Included With This Suite
Three-piece Walnut Veneer Bedroom Suite.
Consists of Bed, Chest of Drawers and your
choice of Vanity or Dresser. INCLUDED—
Comfortable Mattress, Steel Spring, Vanity
Bench and two Pillows. No Money Down!
Easy Credit Terms!
il
3-Piece Outfit! Washer Outfit!
gj: Consists of deep-seated lounge chair and Consists of guaranteed electric washer,
ottoman, covered in durable tapestry and folding ironing board, electric iron and
j a cocktail-smoker a generous sup- _
brid&e lamp. No^^ ply of Rinso. No C WK/f A E
Money Downl^^^E OS Money Down! K M • w «#
Easy Terms! ^ Easy Terms! //
■ _L 1
t I
6-Piece Group Included With This Suite
Three-piece serpentine front Living Room ^ ^g^
Suite, smartly upholstered in durable tapes- ^
try. INCLUDED—Occasional Chair, Bridge ▼ ^^^k
Lamp, End Table, Occasional Table, Table ^LJg
Lamp and Smoker. No Money Down! Easy ^g^r
Credit Terms!
56-Piece Outfit! 5-Piece Outfit!
Consists of dropleaf table and four Consists of American and Foreign Re
Windsor style chairs finished in enamel, ception Orunow Radio, comfortable Cogs
a 25-piece set of well chair, mod
dishes and a 26- 0 ^ _ _ ernistlc bridge 0 — _
piece set of table- O S lamp, end table & W S
ware. No Money ^ I * and table lamp. ^ ^ *
Down! | No Money Down JW
Wyududut/'I
I This valuable 5*piece Group included J
B with the purchase of any Bedroom fl|
S Suite priced $66 or more . . . during H
P this sale! ^B
Occasional Chair Boudoir Chair Knaahola Dock Matal Wardrobe Coal Circulating Ifficant Oil oil Circulating Haatar
Tapastry Covarad Chintz Covarad Walnut Finish Walnut Finish Haatar, Special Haatar, Special Special
$3.98 _ $3.98 12.95 $4.49 $16.95 $%19 | $11.95
|! Rayon Curtaiiis . w
■SaSTisasff ““$159“ ■-»-a* u
| $27.95 | $17.95 | g&agii.Jig.jst- s“ift!“r£lll*,‘”l $3.98 $13.95 I $4.95
Axminster
RUGS
.95
9x12 or
8.3x10.6.
Choose from
Persian, Mod
erne, Colonial,
Hook and Floral Pat
terns. Every rug guaran
perfect. A magnificent
value at only $29.95.
I
I
II. This valuable 58-piece Group included B
B| with the purchase of any Dining Room jyf'
B Suite priced $66 or more . . . during |ji |
this sale!
II 4
i

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