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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 21, 1937, Image 3

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Missing Justice’s Wife to
Speak on Radio Today
on Mystery.
New York's Supreme Court Jus
• He* Joseph Force Crater vanished
August 6, 1930, in the midst of the
sensational disclosures of the Sea
bury investigation. He was one of
the leading members of the bench,
a friend and protege of United
States Senator Robert F. Wagner
and other Tammany bigwigs.
He may have gone away voluntar
ily; he may have been kidnaped; he
• may have suffered an attack of
amnesia; he may have been mur
dered in a hold-up, or for political
or personal motive.
His wife — or widow — three
months ago bitterly criticized the
office of the district attorney of
New York County—which Tam
many baiting, racket busting
Thomas E. Dewey will take over
next January—for its handling of
the case. She said "something
r sinister connected with politics"
caused her husband to disappear.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Nov. 20.—Mrs. Stella
M. Crater, whose politically prominent
husband, Supreme Court Justice Jos
eph Force Crater, vanished mysteri
ously seven years ago, was described
by friends today as ready to make
"sensational charges” about his un
solved disappearance.
She will, they say, demand a new
and sweeping re-investigation of the
whole case by District Attorney-Elect
Thomas E. Dewey. Dewey, vacation
ing in Bermuda, plans to fly home
Meanwhile, Mrs. Crater was hidden
• In the city by friends. She is sched
uled to speak on an N. B. C. red net
W’ork broadcast tomorrow at 3 p.m.,
<E. S. T.), when she intends to amplify
the charges, her representative said.
Insurance Uncollected.
Mrs. Crater has delayed filing an
action in Surrogate's Court to have
her husband declared legally dead—
postponing the use of his life insur
ance and estate of about $50,000—in
order to make her request of Dewey,
her friends said.
On August 6, 1930, Crater cashed
two checks totaling $5,150. He dined
in a restaurant oft Times Square that
evening with two friends. He told
them he had tickets for a musical
show which had already started when
he waved good-by to them on the
aidewalk in front of the restaurant
and drove away, alone, in a taxi.
He was never seen again.
Next day the Federal grand jury re
turned an indictment against his close
personal and political friend, City
Magistrate George F. Ewald. Evi
dence turned up during that investiga
• tion led tn Fwald's resign At inn
Mrs. Crater Silent for V. hile.
When Mrs. Crater, in Maine, learned
of her husband's disappearance, she
telephoned many of his political and
personal friends. She was advised,
she said, to stay away from New York
and not to report his disappearance
to the police.
Mrs. Crater said later Crater had
spent August 2 and 3 with her, at
Belgrade Lakes, Me.; had told her
Tammany leaders were opposing his
renomination, and that he was going
• to “insist" upon it.
When Crater’s absence finally leaked
out detectives! searched their Fifth
avenue apartment, listing every item
they found. Months later, after
Christmas, Mrs. Crater returned,
found nearly $7,000 in cash, stocks and
Insurance; a cryptic no£e in his hand
writing, and a list of debts owed l,im
by political associates, onlv one of
which, she said, ever was paid.
Crater was subsequently reported
« Been in nearly every State in the
Union, in the West Indies, Canada,
Alaska and Europe. More than $100,
000 was spent by New York detectives,
friends and newspapers in tunning
down reports.
But no other clue ever was found.
righting at Grave in Pennsyl
vania Cemetery Halted by
Police Call.
By the Associated Press.
PHOENIXVILLE, Pa., Nov. 20 —
Rioting broke out today in a little
cemetery at Mont Clare between two
factions in St. Michael’s Catholic
Church as one group sought to pre
vent the other from burying its dead.
Attorney Robert Truckness of Nor
. ristown said the disorder arose over
a dispute about holding religious
services for the dead in the cemetery.
Pallbearers had removed the body
of 65-year-old Michael Gulumbo from
the hearse when the violence began.
Men fought hand-to-hand and women
wielded umbrellas. Stones were
In his vestments, the Rev. Albert
Hoynak, head of the Greek Catholic
faction stood beside the coffin. He
appealed in vain for peace and si
The Rev. Michael Moskov, assistant
. rector for the Roman Catholic fac
tion, summoned police. Meanwhile
the disorder subsided and the coffin
was lowered.
k Truckness said under a truce be
tween the factions the Greek group
had the right to bury the man in the
plot of ground he owned. However,
he said, the group had been advised
against holding services.
For some time the factions have
been involved in a dispute over au
thority in the church. Recently a
court ruled that the Rev. John Pav
* llvk, the Roman Catholics’ head,
should have complete charge of the
Public Wood Pile
Censure Urged For
Drunken Motorists
By the Associated Press,
a FINDLAY, Ohio, Nov. 20.—
Drunken drivers will chop wood
in public instead of sitting out
sentences in jail if county com
missioners approve a plan pro
posed by Justice of the Peace J.
O. Dunn.
Prosecutor Robert E. Fuller was
, instructed to investigate legal
aspects of the plan, which would
plaoe convicted motorists before
the public gaze while they chopped
» fuel for the poor.
i . I
French Art Features Seventh Art Set
The works of four French painters of the 18th century, pictured above, compose the seventh
Broup of color reproductions in The Star art appreciation movement. They are, left to right, top:
‘The Banjo Player,” by Watteau, and ‘‘Broken Eggs,” by Greuze, and below (left to right), ‘‘Ma
dame De Pompadour,” by Francois Boucher, and “Girl With a Marmot,~ by Fragonard
Rococo Art of 18tli Century
In Star’s New Picture Series
——————— A _
Mrs. Roosevelt Heads
Sponsors for Women's
Clubs Program.
Charming, decorative art of the
"Rococo" period in 18th century
France, when beauty and colors were
the keynotes of most paintings, comes
this week to followers of The Star's
art appreciation campaign in the sev
enth set of multi-color reproductions. 1
From its beginning, only six weeks
ago, the campaign has swelled to the
point where its effects have been reg- 1
istered in homes of every class in the
Washington area, public and private
schools, institutions of higher educa
tion, women's clubs and even to
readers in far-away places.
Fresh impetus was given the art
program of the District Federation of
Women's Clubs to be held Tuesday at
the Roosevelt Hotel, when Mrs. Frank
lin D. Roosevelt accepted an invita
tion to be a patroness for the event.
Already a host of outstanding women
have consented to act as patronesses,
including four cabinet wives. Secre
tary of Labor Perkins, Representatives
Virginia Jenckes of Indiana and Mary
Norton of New Jersey and many
Masterpieces Offered.
The masterpieces offered by The
Star for the seventh week of the art
project are:
The famous "Madame de- Pompa
dour,” by Francois Boucher.
"Broken Eggs,” by Greuze.
"Girl With a Marmot,” by Fra
“The Banjo Player,” by Antoine
Works of this era in art's history
were notable for their beauty and
often were without serious meaning,
this because the artists were catering
to the King and to the French aris
The color prints, approximately
11 by 14 inches, will have an even
greater appeal to campaign followers
who are framing their Star pictures
with introduction of the seventh
Thus far interest in the art project
has heightened each week, and dur
ing the last seven days sales at the
art booth on the first floor of The
Star Building and by mail reached
a new high. In collaboration with
the National Committee for Art Ap
preciation, The Star is making avail
able at very nominal prices 48 works
of old and modern masters, from the
Italian Renaissance to the present
time. They are released in groups
of four each week for 12 weeks, each
group with an art appreciation lesson
U.. r\» i _ a u. xr.-t.
Last week's reproductions that con
tributed so heavily to the new sales rec
ord were the works of four outstand
ing English painters of the 18th and
19th centuries.
They are Sir Joehua Reynolds’ por
trait of Col. George Coussmaker,
Thomas Gainsborough’s portrait of
Mrs. Grace Dalrymple Elliott, “Sea
coast” by Richard Parkes Bonington,
and “Grand Canal, Venice” by Joseph
M. W. Turner.
Women’s Clubs Program.
Hundreds of club women through
out Washington were planning to at
tend the art program at the Roose
velt Tuesday at 2 p.m. under aus
pices of the District Federation of
Women’s Clubs.
Henry Wadsworth Moore, portrait
painter, muralist and architect and
president of the ’ Washington Land
scape, will deliver a lecture r centered
around The Star art project. * A num
ber of picture slides, including those
of Star prints and others furnished
by the American Federation of Arts,
will be thrown on a large screen in
the hotel ballroom.
Miss Myrna Morse Macklin, daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Justin W. Mack
lin, will play several piano solos. The
first seven sets of Star pictures will
be on exhibit.
Mrs. Lloyd A Morrison, chairman
of the fine arts division of the Dis
trict Federation and in charge of ar
rangements for Tuesday’s program,
predicted a record attendance of club
women. Mrs. Morrison and Mrs. Le
Verne Beales, chairman of patro
nesses, have issued 600 invitations to
members of Federation art sections
and other groups.
Mrs. Lloyd Biddle, president of the
District Federation, was one of the
first to indorse The Star campaign
when it began six weeks ago and it
was through her that it was first pre
sented to the federation, now one of
the most vigorous supporters erf the
movement to popularise art in the
Washington area.
Mr. Moore, who carries on most of
his art work at his residence. 3016
Cortland place N.W., painted the pic
ture of the U. S. frigate Constitution
that was used for the Constitution
Tercentenary in 1930. His murals
are in many public places throughout
the United States, including the pub
lic library at Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
He is widely known throughout the
country. As president of the Wash
ington Landscape Club, he has been
one of the judges at many exhibits of
landscape art here during the past
Dr. Fritz Marti, head of the philoso
phy department and professor of art
in the University of Maryland, and
speaker in The Star’s campaign, will
lecture tomorrow at 7:30 p.m. before
the teachers’ institute of the Po
tomac Conference, Seventh Day Ad
ventist Churches, at Washington
Missionary College, Takoma Park, Md.
Dr. Marti will show picture slides
from his collection of more than 1,700
which he has compiled personally
through years of travel in Europe
and the United States. He is a na
tive of Switzerland but has been in
the United States since 1923 and is
now a naturalized American. He was
commended widely for his radio in
terview on The Star campaign last
Monday. Other speaking engage
ments for Dr. Marti will be an
nounced later.
"Madame de Pompadour.”
"Madame de Pompadour,’’ by Fran
cois Boucher—This picture depicts the
enchanting woman who was educated
for the curious goal of becoming a
king’s mistress. When Louis XV saw
her he became infatuated with her,
and she ruled him and France until
her death at 42. She led her nation
away from the policies of Richelieu
and into an alliance with Austria,
causing the Seven Years’ War which
was so disastrous for France. Boucher
was the most sensuous of painters in
a sensuous age, the painter who takes
us to the boudoirs of the courtesans
of the nobility of Prance. He was
highly prosperous as a court painter
until David, whose early career he
aided, became dictator of French art
under Napoleon and destroyed the
popularity of Boucher who died in
poverty. Today, however, he'is es
teemed as the man of the century,
"light but of consummate graoe.”
"Broken Eggs,” by Greuze—Greuze
(1725-1805), sermonizer in paint, re
lates with superb technique charming,
simple moral tides on the canvas.
When his critics derided him, sug
gesting that he was limited to this
one style, he attempted to confound
them by painting in the grand man
ner. He went to Rome, observed the
works of the Renaissance masters.
Inspired, he returned to Paris and
painted a pretentious historical pan
orama. The result was mediocre,
however, and his critics were proved
right. Alongside the panorama, one
of his most perfect small paintings
was hung to emphasize the point.
The President of the French Academy,
honoring him with membership, made
it clear that it was not the large
painting, but his smaller canvases
which made him worthy of the dis
"Girl With a Marmot."
"Girl With a Marmot,” by Frago
nard—Fragonard (1732-1806), the re
nowned court painter to Louis XV, was
kept busy painting voluptuous scenes
of love and seduction. Mme. du Barry
set the fashion for the whole pleasure
loving court by decorating her boudoir
with his paintings. He began his
career as a law clerk, but his genius
for art brought him to the studio of
Francois Boucher in Paris. He sur
passed his master. When the people
of France rose against the profligate
monarchy, they included the court
painter Fragonard, and he was forced
to return to Grasse, his home. There
he turned to simpler subject matter.
The "Girl With a Marmot” was prob
ably painted during this period. This
simplicity and his rich, tender color,
altogether his own, form his special
contribution to French painting ar.d
make him a vital figure even today.
He was poor and forgotten when he
died in Paris in 1806.
"Le Mezzetin.” by Antoine Watteau
—This picture shows the guitar player
serenading his lady-love in the bal
cony with a look in his eyes which
begs for a rose or a smile. Watteau
was "the romantic poet in paint," able
to make his women beautiful without
making them pretty. The world ap
peared to him like a scene at the
opera. His favorite theme is the
superelegant life of the French cour
tiers. The painter's short life was an
unhappy one. There were countless
quarrels with friends, pupils and deal
ers, and frequent changes of residence.
He worked feverishly toward the end,
as though he knew only a short time
was given him. Little remains of this
prodigious labor, for he was as care
less of his work as he was careless
of himself.
These four pictures are among the
finest from the “rococo” period of 18th
century France, when most artists, to
please the frivolous aristocrats from
whom their patronage came, were
obliged to turn out charming, decora
tive works, without serious meaning.
Next week’s series illustrates the
reaction from this fragile romanticism
to more down-to-earth and exciting
This series of 48 pictures includes
famous paintings by great artists from
the Italian Renaissance to contempo
rary America. The pictures and the
lessons which accompany them form
a valuable record of the finest art of
five centuries.
_—Harris-Ewing Photo.
Moat of our job< come throuch the
recommendation of our cuatomers.
Free Inspection, Guaranteed Treatment
A Washington-Owned Company
W. O. Pruitt, Mar.
Natl. Preaa Bide. Natl. 8711
"Ask Our Customers"
Event tor Members of Federal
Judiciary Will Be Held
December 4.
Senator Byrnes of South Carolina
will be the principal speaker at the
District of Columbia Bar Association's
annual dinner for members of the
Federal judiciary
in the District at
7 p.m. December
4, in the May
flower Hotel.
John E. . Las
key, former
dent of the
States attorney,
will be toastmas
John J. Car
mody is
man of the
et Committee for
the dinner and John J. Cormody.
Edmund M. Toland is head of the
General Committee in charge of the
Senator Byrnes practiced law at
Spartanburg, S. C., and served as so
licitor of the Second Judicial Circuit
in his home State.
Beginners' and Review Cearses in
Grew and Bevd Sberthand. all
secretarial subjects.* Teneb Tru
ing 6-8 weeks. Civil Service sneed
dletatien classes. FREE ulacemCnts ts
graduates evening hourly.
New Classes New Starting.
Delay in Pump Priming in
Last Depression Leads
to Project Plans.
Associated Press Staff Writer.
Short-range historians in the Gov
ernment trace the development of the
President's regional planning proposal
directly to the confusion which attend
ed the beginning of the Nation’s first
public works program in 1933.
They said yesterday a series of agen
cies created to meet emergency situa
tions led logically to the plan for per
manent bodies in the major water
sheds to study long-range needs for
flood control, navigation, Irrigation
and power development.
Such agencies, these experts said,
could prepare a war chest for the next
depression, with plans and specifica
tions for public works which would be
most useful to the country. With this
information, the Government could
plunge into “pump-priming” activi
ties without delay.
The administration’s reaction to its
depression-battling experiences, they
said, may be summed up in the recent
statement of Secretary Ickes, the pub
lic works administrator: “If there
should be another depression we must
not be unprepared as we were when
the last one struck us.”
Adopted Priming Theory.
Here is the story as they tell it;
President Roosevelt determined in
1933 to try out the theory of combat
ing depression by priming the pump
of industry. One method of doing this
was to increase public construction,
thus creating a market for the “heavy
industries"—steel, cement, brick, lum
Part of the theory was to get many
construction jobs under way in a
hurry. But there were no plans or
blueprints; no one agency could say
what public construction was most
needed, which project* would be “use
ful public works” and which would
As thousands of demands for proj
ects swamped the P. W. A. offices, a
newly recruited staff of experts had
to study each plan, sorting out the
good from the bad. They found that
different Federal bureaus had con
flicting ideas about what should be
done. They found, too, that adjoining
States often suggested conflicting proj
ects or overlapping projects.
Advisers Enlisted.
Prominent citizens were drafted for
a time to act as regional advisory
boards in sorting out and settling
conflicts. But they found it was a
full-time task.
Therefore. President Roosevelt cre
ated the National Planning Board on
July 20. 1933, to assist Mr. Ickes in
formulating a workable program.
While P. W. A. plugged ahead under
marching orders drawn from the Plan
ning Board's studies, the planners
turned to looking at the public works
problem from a broader view. In
June of 1934 President Roosevelt es
tablished the National Resources
Board, a committee of cabinet officers,
to continue the research.
Made permanent as the National
Resources Committee, this agency
already has made one thorough survey
Of the public works possibilities in
various drainage basins (such as the
Great Lakes and the Columbia River)
and brought forth a detailed program
of specific projects which might be
undertaken on the various rivers sys
tems of the country.
At present, while P. W. A. is slowing
down, the Resources Committee is
making a new survey of the Nation's
conservation needs. The committee
plans to submit to President Roosevelt
before the end of the year a detailed
list of projects considered wise in the
various regions.
The plan will cover a 10-year period,
but will indicate which projects should
be constructed first, and which can
This is the type of work which
would be the first Job of the Regional
Plnnnlncr rel c
New England's Case Recalled.
The need for co-ordinated planning
in regions, officials of the National
Resources Board say, is illustrated by
the plight of the New England com
pact. The New England States drew
up a flood-control program and won
the approval of the Army engineers.
When the proposal was submitted to
Congress, however, they discovered
that the Federal Power Commission
had other ideas.
Similarly, when Chicago tried to
solve its sewage-disposal problem by
drawing water from Lake Michigan,
emptying the sewage into it and
shooting it down the drainage canal
to the Mississippi, the city was at
tacked from both sides. Other lake
cities contended in court that Chicago
was taking so much water from Lake
Michigan that the shore line was
lowered. Cities below Chicago con
tended that so much sewage was
emptied into the canal that the water
was polluted.
Segments of regional planning to
meet such problems already dot the
Nation. They are sponsored by single
States or groups of States.
The latest addition is the program
for development of the Red River
of the North, through a compact
among Minnesota, North Dakota and
South Dakota. This compact is aimed
against sewage contamination, dis
astrous spring floods, water shortages
for home use and for irrigating the
dry wheat lands.
Far West Acts.
In the Far West, six States joined
in the Colorado River compact, cover
ing the allotment of irrigation water.
On the Mississippi River, a special
committee of State and Federal offi
cials deals with flood control.
States and Federal agencies have
come together along the Mexican
border to make a comprehensive study
of needs on the Rio Grande.
Thre power and irrigation authori
ties in Nebraska, building dams with
aid from the Public Works Adminis
tration, are studying now the possi
bility of buying out the private utili
ties of the State and substituting the
Nation's first State-wide, publicly
owned electric light and power system.
The Muskingum conservancy dis
trict is one of a series of such co
operative bodies in Ohio. It was
created to combat the menace of
The greatest harbor in the world—
New York—is run on a co-operative
basis by the Port of New York Au
thority, given power by a compact
signed by New York State and New
Grand Jury Starts Investigation
Tomorrow of Escape of
Three Kidnapers.
By the Associated Press.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., Nov. 20.—
Guards who were on duty at Onon
daga Penitentiary Tuesday morning
when three O'Connell kidnapers made
their escape were subpoenaed today
to appear before the special grand
jury, which is to start an investiga
tion of the escape on Monday.
A subpoena also was served on Mer
rick Emery, also known as ''Bullet
proof Kelly," who was mentioned in
the statement made to Syracuse police
by Ivan Whiteford, whose tip led to
capture of two of the fugitives Wed
nesday afternoon. Whiteford re
ported at that time that the kid
napers had asked him to get in touch
with Emery.
As county officials pushed their in
vestigation in preparation for the
grand jury session. Federal Bureau of
Investigation agents continued their
independent inquiry.
Featuring a display of a thousand
specimens of tropical flsh, the “first
indoor nature outing” sponsored by the
National Capital Parks and the Bureau
of Fisheries, will be held today from
9 a.m. to 9 p.m. in the Bureau Aqua
rium in the Commerce Building.
Under the direction of Joseph Pats,
president of the National Aquarium
Society; Fred Orsinger, director of the
aquarium, and Dr. Paul Bowman of
George Washington University the
showing represents the fifth annual
display of the society. Tropical flsh
adapted to home aquariums will be of
special interest in addition to the
permanent exhibit of American water
species. Twenty members from the
Aquarium Society will explain the
exhibits. __
PONCE, Puerto Rico, Nov. 20 UP).—
Artist Rockwell Kent appeared briefly
on the witness stand at the trial of
11 Puerto Rican Nationalists today,
but his proffered testimony was ruled
inadmissible as hearsay.
The trial, now ending its second
month, resulted from the Palm Sun
day slaying of a policeman. Prosecu
tion attorneys objected as soon as
Kent took the stand, but he remained
in the witness chair for several hours
while his qualifications were argued.
Testimony Implicates His
Foster Daughter—Says He
Heard Screams.
By the Associated Press.
PITTSFIELD, HI., Nov. 20.—Th#
Rev. C. E. Newton l&te today repudiat
ed hi* purported confession to the
slaying of Mrs. Dennis Kelly In testi
mony at hi* trial of charges of her
murder and Implicated his foster
daughter, Myra Hanan.
The 51-year-old minister, helping
Mrs. Kelly desert her husband, «»id
his foster-daughter and other per
son* whom he did not 'name, seized
him and dragged him away from her
when they stopped near Hannibal,
As he was forced Into another
tomobile, he said he heard Mrs. Kelly
scream, "Oh, don't!”
He declared he was bound and taken
away in another automobile. Final
ly, he said, the car stopped and he
was released.
"Did you recognize any one who waa
there?” his attorney asked.
"Yes, my foster-daughter, Myra,’*
Newton replied. "She said, ‘Daddy,
are you all right. We are all sorry
enough to die, but It had to be done.’ ’*
A recess was called after this tes
The courtroom was a roar of ex
cited talk during the intermission.
Merrill Johnston, State’s attorney,
said he would begin crc»s examina
tion Monday morning.
8 Attachments Included ;
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Pictured here are four participants in Tuesday’s city-wide
art program of the District Federation of Women’s Clubs. Mr.
Moore, artist, will be the speaker at the Roosevelt Hotel meeting.
Mrs. Biddle is president of the federation, and Mme. Cantacuzene
and Mrs. Norton are among the patronesses for the event.
Special Sunday Dinner, $1.50
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